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高一英语Festivals


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Lantern Festival

New Year’s Day National Day
Army Day

Women’s Day
May Day Children’s Day Dragon Boat Festival
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Chinese festivals and holidays

Mid-autumn Festival
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Valentine’s Day Easter Halloween Christmas

Fool’s Day

Brainstorming

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Words preview celebration n. 庆祝;祝贺 hunter n. 狩猎者;猎人 starve vi. & vt. (使)饿死; 饿得要死 origin n. 起源;由来;起因 religious adj. 宗教上的;虔诚的 ancestor n. 祖先;祖宗 Mexico n. 墨西哥 feast n. 节日;盛宴 bone n. 骨;骨头

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Words preview belief n. 信任;信心;信仰 trick n. 诡计;恶作剧;窍门 vt. 欺骗;诈骗 poet n. 诗人 arrival n. 到来;到达;到达者 gain vt. 获得;得到 independence n. 独立;自主 independent adj. 独立的;自主的 gather vt. & vi. & n. 搜集;聚集 agriculture n. 农业;农艺;农学
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Words preview agricultural adj. 农业的;农艺的 award n. 奖;奖品 vt. 授予;判定 rooster n. 雄禽;公鸡 admire vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕 energetic adj. 充满活力的;积极的 Easter n. (耶稣)复活节 clothing n. 衣服 Christian n. 基督徒;信徒 adj. 基督教的;信基督教的 custom n. 习惯;风俗
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Expressions preview
in memory of 纪念;追念 dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰 play a trick on 搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑 look forward to 期盼;期待;盼望 day and night 日夜;昼夜;整天 as though 好像 have fun with 玩得开心
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Skimming to get general ideas

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Reading Tips
在阅读每个段落时,要注意 综合运用略读(skimming)

与扫读(scanning)这两种方法。

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通过略读把握文章大意 略读(skimming)只看文章标题、下标 题以及每个部分或者段落第一行, 关注文 章中反复出现的关键词。 略读时, 要用充足的时间读懂段落的 第一句和第二句, 因为第一句往往是该段 的主题句(topic sentence), 而第二句往往 是对前句的延伸(extension)或进一步的 解释(explanation)。
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通过扫读寻找特定信息或特定词组 运用扫读(scanning)迅速浏览从第三 句开始的后面部分, 搜寻作者对开头两句 的支持句(supporting sentences), 并同时注 意文章中间是否有转折(transition), 因为 这些词常常会把文章的思路逆转或加入其 它重要的信息。当读到段落的最后一句时, 我们又要使用精读, 这时必须再次放慢速 度(slow down your pace)直到完全消化作 者对段落的小结(conclusion), 因为该小结 有可能与主题句截然相反或引导读者进入 下一个段落。
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Skimming
?

完成学习指导P2

篇章结构理解和语篇理解

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Scan to get detail information

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scanning

Reading Comprehension II
1. The ancient people needn’t worry about their food. 2. Halloween is a festival intended to honour the dead. 3. To honor the great poet Qu Yuan, people celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival. 4. Mid-Autumn Festival is held to celebrate the end of autumn. 5. Easter celebrates the birth of Jesus.

T or F

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scanning

Reading Comprehension IV Fill in the following chart. Kinds of Names of Countries Festivals Festivals Festivals of the Dead Festivals to Honour People Harvest Festivals Spring
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Festivals

Names of Countries Festivals Festivals of Obon Japan the Dead Day of the Dead Mexico Halloween some Western countries Festivals to Dragon Boat China Honour Festival People USA Columbus Day festival to India 16 2015年3月12日星期四 honor Gandhi

Harvest Festivals

harvest/ Thanksgiving festivals mid-autumn festivals

European and other countries China and Japan China some Western countries

Spring Festivals

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Spring Festival Easter and related holidays Cherry Blossom Festival

Japan

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What do people in Mexico do in memory of the dead? They offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead on the Day of the Dead. People eat certain food on that day.

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The Day of the Dead in Mexico
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What do people in Western countries do in memory of the dead? They used to believe in the return of the spirits of dead people. It is now a children’s festival, when they dress as witches and ghosts and go to their neighbour’s homes to ask for sweets.
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pumpkin head

mask

Halloween in Western countries
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Compare the festivals of the dead in Mexico, Japan and China. What things are similar and what things are different? The Chinese, Japanese and Mexican festivals of the dead all have customs to honour the dead. The Chinese and Japanese go to clean their ancestors’ graves, and the Mexicans offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead. However, there are some differences. The Mexicans eat special food that looks like bones, something the Chinese and Japanese do not do.
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Festivals to Honour People Match the festivals with the proper people.

National Festival The Dragon Boat Columbus on October 2 Festival Day
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India

China

USA

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Harvest Festivals People will ________ on Thanksgiving festivals. 1. decorate churches and town halls 2. get together to have meals 3. win awards for their farm produce

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Compared with Thanksgiving festivals in Western countries, what different activities do China and Japan have in mid-autumn festivals? People admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes.

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Spring Festivals What do people usually do at spring festivals? At spring festivals, people usually have dances, carnivals and other activities to celebrate the end of winter and the coming of spring.
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What does Easter celebrate? It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life.
Do you know the symbols of Easter? Easter eggs and Easter Bunnies.

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Do you know the date of Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festival? March 15- April 15

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Based on the reading passage, what do most festivals seem to have in common? Talk with your partner and fill in the chart below. Three common things 1 2 3
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Reasons why they are important to people everywhere

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Three common things might be
from the following: food, music,

entertainment/ being with family
and friends, dance, lights or fires, /remembering events or people.

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Group Work
Work in groups and create your own festival and then report it to the class. Name of the festivals: Date: Meaning: Why it is celebrated: How it is celebrated:
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Quiz
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Quiz I Retell the text by filling the following blanks. There are all kinds of festivals and ___________ around the world, which are held for different reasons. The _______ ________ were mainly held at three times a year. Some festivals are held to _____ the dead or satisfy the _________ in case they might return either to help or to ____ ____, while other festivals are held to honor famous people or the gods, such as
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______ _____ ______ and Columbus Day. Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals are happy events because the food is _________ for the winter and the __________work is over. And the most ________ and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the ______ of spring, such as the ______ New Year, at which people have a very good time. Some Western countries have very exciting ______. Festivals let us enjoy ____.
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Answer: There are all kinds of festivals and ___________ celebrations around the world, which are held for different reasons. The _______ ancient ________ festivals were mainly held at three times a year. Some festivals are held to ______ honor the dead or satisfy the _________ ancestors in case they might return either to help or to ___ _____, do harm while other festivals are held to honor famous people or the gods, such as
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_______ _____Festival ______ and Columbus Day. Dragon Boat Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals are gathered happy events because the food is _________ for the winter and the ___________work is agricultural over. And the most _________ energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring, such as the ______ Lunar New ______ Year, at which people have a very good time. Some Western countries have very exciting carnivals Festivals let us enjoy ____. ________. life
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Quiz II Translation would starve (人们就 1. At that time people _________________ 会挨饿) if food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months. 2. For the Japanese festival Obon, people ______ ______________________( should go to clean graves 人们要扫墓) and light incense ____________ in memory of (纪念) their ancestors. 3. At the Spring Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat and may ____ give children lucky money (给孩子们压岁钱). ___________________
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Quiz III
1. —She looks very happy. She ___ have passed the exam. —I guess so. It’s not difficult after all. (2007 江苏卷)
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A. should

B. could

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2. —Where is my dictionary? I remember I put it here yesterday. —You ______ it in the wrong place. (2007 江西卷) A. must put B. should have put C. might put D. might have put
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3. 一What does the sign over there

read?
一“No person ________ smoke or

carry a lighted cigarette, cigar
or pipe in this area.” (2007 四川 卷)
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A. will

B. may

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4. According to the air traffic rules, you _____ switch off your mobile phone boarding. A. may (2008 上海卷) B. can

C. would

D. should

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5. Although this ____ sound like a simple task, great care is needed. (2008 四川卷)

A. must
C. shall
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B. may
D. should
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6. Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we ______ it without you. A. can manage B. could have managed C. could manage (2008 山东卷)

D. can have managed
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Homework
1. Read the text again and underline some important phrases and difficult sentences. 2. Write an invitation using the information about the festival you have created.
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