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定语从句讲解(教师版)


The Attributive Clause

Which one is Harry Porter ?

The boy is Harry Porter

Which one is Harry Porter ?

定语从句

The boy __________________

_____ who is wearing glasses is Harry Porter .

(Attributive clause)
一、概念: 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的句子. ? (在句子中作定语)

Harry Porter is a smart boy.
形容词作定语

Harry Porter is a boy who has magic power.
句子作定语,修饰boy, 叫做定语从句

Harry Porter is a boy who has magic power.

先行词 关系词
关系代词

定语从句 关系副词 where, when, why

which, who, whom, whose, that

二、用法:
关系代词:
引导定语从句的关系代词

who whom

whose

that
which

先 行 词 是 人

These are the students who / that won the first place last year.

先行词是物

These are the trees which / that were planted last year.

Have a try
指出关系代词(副词)在定语从句中的成份:

1.The man who came to our school is Mr. Wang. ( 主语 ) 2.The girl (whom) I met is Lucy. ( 宾语 ) 3.A child whose parents are dead is called Tom. ( 定语 ) 4.I like the book (which) you bought yesterday. ( 宾语 )

1. who, whom, whose, that 用法区别.
① who 作定语从句的主语或宾语. The man who is speaking at the meeting is a worker.
The man is a worker. 分解 The man is speaking at the meeting. 作主语

② whom 作定语从句的宾语 The woman whom they wanted to visit is a teacher.
分解 The woman is a teacher. They wanted to visit the woman.

作宾语

③ that 可以作定语从句的主语和宾语.

可省略
The man who / that is speaking at the meeting is a worker.

The woman (whom / that) they wanted to visit is a teacher.

④ whose 作定语从句的定语
(whose既可以指人,也可以指物).

I know the girl whose mother is a teacher.

分解

I know the girl.

作定语

The girl’s mother is a teacher.

I have a book whose cover is yellow.

2. which, that 的用法
which 作定语从句的主语或宾语.

可省略
This is a truck which / that is made in China. 作主语 I like the book (which / that) you bought yesterday. 作宾语

3. 只能用that的情况
Tom is the cleverest boy that I have ever known. This is the first play that I have seen since I came here.

① 序数词或形容词最高级修饰先行词时

I’ve read all the books that you lend me. ②先行词被every, some, no, all, any, little, much等修饰时。

Everything that we saw in this film was true.



everything, something, nothing, all, anything, little, much等不定代词作先行 词时

This is the very book that belongs to him.

④ 先行词被the only, the very, the same,
the last修饰时。 Who is the girl that is standing under the tree? Which is the machine that we used last Sunday.

⑤ 主句已有who或which时

I’ve never heard of the people and things that you talked about just now.

⑥ 当先行词同时指人和物时

4.关系代词前有介词时 (介词提前) .指 人只用whom, 指物只用which This is the boy with whom he talked. This is the ring on which she spent 1000 dollars.

(一)引导定语从句的关系代词

主语

宾语

定语

指人

who that Which that

指物

whom(优先) whose (of whom) who that Which Whose that (of which)

指人和物

that

that

whose

(二)引导定语从句的关系副词

when, where, why
关系副词 when where why 先行词 时间 地点 reason 在从句中的成分 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

19

? 1. This is the place where I was born. ? 2. I remember the day when I first met him. ? 3. Can you tell me the reason why you lied to me?

(三)关系副词与介词+关系代词的替代

When=on(in,during…)which 关系副词 where=on(in,in front of…)which

Why=for which

when

? when可用in/on/at/during +which 代替

1.I still remember the day. 2.I first met him on which the day.
I still remember the day on which when I first met him.
22

where
? where可用in/on/at/to + which代替 1.The dictionary is the only place. 2. Success comes before work which. in the dictionary. where The dictionary is the only place in which success comes before work.

23

ABC =American born Chinese 1.America is the country. 2.I was born in which. the country. BBC=Beijing born Chinese

America is the country in which I was born where

where Beijing is the city in which I was born.
24

why

? why可用for +which 代替

1.This is the reason. 2.I was late for school for this reason which . This is the reason for which I was why late for school.

25

关系代词和关系副词的区别
关系代词在定语从句中作主语、宾语

关系副词在定语从句中作状语

26

如何选用定语从句的关系词
? 1.首先分清主句和定语从句 ? 2.确定定语从句的先行词 ? 3.把先行词带回到定语从句中去,看其 在定语从句中做什么语法成分(主语, 宾语,定语或状语) ? 4.若先行词在从句中做主语、宾语或定 语则选择关系代词,若在从句中做状语, 则选择关系副词。

1、Do you know the man ___ is talking with your father? A. whose B. who C. which
2、The boys ___ the teacher talked to are from Class One. A. when B. which C. who 3、Those ___ want to go to the museum must be at the school gate at 7 tomorrow morning. A. who B. which C. whom 由Who 引导的定语从句,在句中做主语\ 宾语

4. The gentleman ___ you told me yesterday proved to be a thief. A. who B. about whom C. whom 5. The doctor ___ you are looking for is in the room. A. whom B. what C. which

6. The teacher for ____ you are waiting has come. A. who B. whom C. that
介词提前时只能用 whom

由Whom 引导的定语从句,在句中做宾语

7. A child ___ parents are dead is called an orphan. A. which B. his C. whose 8. This book is for the students ___ native(本国的) language is not English. A. that B. of whom C. whose

9. The boy ___ composition won the first prize is the youngest in the group. A. who B. whose C. that

由Whose 引导的定语从句, 在句中做定语

10、He prefers to eat the rice ___ in the south. A. who is grown B. which is grown C. when is grown 11、 The knife ___ I cut the apple with can’t be found. A. which B. who C. what
that

12、The room in ___ there are many books is mine. 介词提前时只能用 which A. that B. who C. which 13、This is the pen ____ he bought yesterday. A. which B. who C. when 由Which 引导的定语从句,在句中做主语\ 宾语

14. All _____ is needed is a supply of oil. A. which B. that C. what 15. Finally, the thief handed everything ____ he had stolen to the police. A. which B. what C. that

先行词是不定代词 all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything只能用that引导

16. It’s the most boring film ___ I have ever seen. A. which B. that C. whose 17. This is the first car ___ arrived this morning. A. which B. who C. that

先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修 饰时只能用that引导

18. I know all people ___ are from that village. A. who B. that C. whose 19. There is no water ___ is needed badly. A. which B. who C. that 20. Please take any seat ___ is free. A. which B. that C. in which

先行词被all, any, every, few, little, no, some 等修饰时只能用that引导

21. That is the very book ___ I was looking for. A. who B. that C. which

22. After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing ___ he owns. A. who B. that C. which

先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last 等修饰时只能用that 引导

23. The speaker spoke of some writers and some books ___ were popular then. A. who B. that C. which

先行词被既有人又有物时只能用that 引导

24. Who is the worker ___ took some pictures of the factory. A. who B. that C. which

主句已有who或which时,只能用 that 引导

1. I have a friendwho/that ________ likes listening to classical music. 2. Yesterday Emily was wearing the which/that I gave her. new dress __________ 3. The man whose ______ leg broke in a match used to be a football player.

which/that 4. My parents live in a house__________ is more than 100 years old.
whom John spoke is 5. The boy with _______ my brother.
which/that 6. Kevin is reading a book __________
is too difficult for him.

that 7. Is there anything ________ you want
to buy in the town.

that we can do is to study hard. 8.All ______ that stands up is a 9. The first one _____
little boy.

1.这就是救了那个孩子命的医生. This is the doctor who saved the boy’s life. 2.正在跑步的那个人是我的叔叔. The man who is running is my uncle.

3. 我喜欢可以随之而唱的音乐.
I like the music that I can sing along with. 4. 住在隔壁的那个女的是一名教师.

The woman who lives next door is a teacher.


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