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英语专业八级人文知识1


英语专业八级人文知识 英国概况 1. The two areas in Britain where a lot of immigrants live are _____. A. London and Cambridge B. London and heart of England C. Manchester and Birmingham D. Edinburgh and Nottingham 2. The flag of the United Kingdom, known as the Union Jack, is made up of _____ crosses. A. one B. two C. three D. four 3. Which flower is symbol of England? A. Thistle B. Shamrock C. Daffodil D. Rose 4. _____ was the home of the Lake Poets William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor, Coleridge and Robert Southey of 19th century Britain. A. Lough Neagh B. Windermere C. Lake District D. Coniston Water 5. The first known settlers of Britain were the _____. A. Iberians B. Beaker Folk C. Celts D. Anglo-Saxons 6. Who invaded and conquered Britain for the first time in 55 BC? A. Emperor Claudius B. King Alfred C. King Ethelred D. Julius Caesar 7. Which one is not the reason for the very limited influence of Roman to Britain? A. The Romans always treated the Britons as a subject people of slave class. B. The Romans and Britons never intermarry during the 4 centuries C. The Romans didn’t like the Britons. D. The Romans had no impact on the language or culture of ordinary Britons. 8. The Hundred Years’ war with France ended by the English being driven out of France. By 1453 _____ was the only part of France that was still in the hands of the English. A. Dover B. Calais C. Southampton D. Portsmouth 9. Which war had little effect on ordinary people but gave a death blow to feudalism? A. The Wars of the Roses B. The Hundred Years’ War C. The English Civil War D. World War I 10. The English Civil War, also called the Puritan Revolution, is generally regarded as the beginning of modern ____ history. A. European B. Scottish C. Welsh D. world 练习题答案及题解: 1. B, 英国移民主要集中在伦敦及英格兰心脏地带的一些城市和城镇如 Slough, Leicester, Wolverhampton, Birmingham, Luton, Bradford, Coventry, Bedford 2. C, 英国国旗为红白蓝三色的米字旗(也叫“Union Jack”) ,是由三个十字组成。 3. D, A 蓟是苏格兰的象征用作苏格兰的国徽;B 三叶苜蓿花为爱尔兰的国花;C 黄水仙 花是威尔士的国花;D 玫瑰则是英格兰的国花。 4. C, 位于英格兰西北部和威尔士北部的湖区是英国著名的风景区之一,也是英国十九世 纪湖畔诗人聚居的地方。 5. A, 最早来英国定居的是伊比利亚人。大约在公元前 3000 年左右,也就是新石器时代, 他们从伊比利亚半岛(即今天的西班牙)来到英国。 6. D, 英国的历史是从罗马人的入侵开始的。恺撒,这位伟大的罗马将军,在公元前 55 年第一次带兵入侵并征服了英国。 7. C, 尽管罗马人征服了英国,但是罗马文化对英国的影响十分有限。这主要是因为:罗 马人一直把英国人看作是社会地位相当于奴隶的被降伏的民族; 在长达四个世纪的时间 里从来没有罗马人跟英国人通婚;罗马人对英国平民阶层的语言和文化没有任何影响。 8. B, 英法之间的百年战争以英国人被赶出法国而告终。到 1453 年战争结束时,只有法国

北部的加莱港还在英国人手里。 9. A, 尽管玫瑰战争持续了 30 年, 但对老百姓的生活几乎没什么影响, 反倒使英国的封建 主义受到致命打击,贵族阶层受到了削弱。 10. D, 英国内战也叫“清教徒革命”,这是因为反对国王的人大部分是那些清教徒。英国内 战不仅推翻了英国的封建制度,也动摇了欧洲封建统治的基础。所以,从这个角度讲, 英国内战通常被看作现代世界史的开端。 英国概况 1. ____ is the home of golf. A. England B. Scotland C. Wales D. Ireland 2. Which of the following languages is NOT spoken in Scotland? A. English B. Scottish C. Gaelic D. Denish 3. The election of ____ made Margaret Thatcher to power and she became the first woman prime minister. A. 1979 B. 1980 C. 1982 D. 1992 4. To its full sense, the British Parliament consist of ____ A. the House Lord and the House of Commons B. the House and the Senate C. the Queen and the Hosue of Lords D. the Sovereign, the House of Lords and the House of Commons 5. The Tower of London, a historical sight, located in the center of London, was built by ____ A. King Harold B. Robin Hood C.Oliver Cromwell D.William the Conqueror 6. There are ____ state churches in Britain. A. two B. three C. four D. five 7. When Oliver Cromwell died in 1658, and was succeeded by his son____, the regime began immediately to collapse. A. Henry B. Hamilton C. Richard D. Charles 8. ____ birthday is a great event in Britain since it marks the beginning of full manhood or womanhood. A. The twenty-first B. The eighteenth C. The nineteenth D. The twentieth 9. Reuters was founded in ____ A. 1715 B. 1751 C. 1851 D. 1815 10. What is (are) the nickname(s) of the U. S. A.? A. Uncle Sam B. Brother Jonathan C. Yankee D. All of the above 答案及解析: 1. B. 高尔夫是一项古老的贵族的运动,源于十五世纪或更早以前的苏格兰 2. D. Gaelic 是高地苏格兰人的传统语言;更多人使用的语言是英语。一直到 15 世纪末, 盎格鲁人仍然以他们的语言称苏格兰盖尔语为「苏格兰语」(盎格鲁语:Scottish) 3. A. Margaret Thatcher 在 1979 年成为英国首相,为英国史上第一个女首相。 4. D. 具体的说,英国的议会是由元首,上议院和下议院组成。其中,元首没有实权,上 议院由大法官(Lord Chancellor)掌权,是由神职议员(the Lord Spiritual)和世俗议员 (the Lord Temporal)组成。下议院的成员是通过选举产生的 651 名议员,以首相为首。 5. D. 伦敦塔名为“塔”,实际上是公元 11 世纪处于罗马统治时期的一座城堡式建筑。 6. A 英国有两大国教: 在英格兰是英格兰教(Church of England)或者英国圣公会,在 苏格莎白的头衔全称为“托上帝宏恩,大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合国和她的其他领土和领

地的女王、英联邦元首、基督教的保护者伊丽莎白二世”。可见,英/女王是基督教的保 护者。 7. C. Oliver Cromwell 的儿子在父亲过世后继承王权,但是不久后掌控的政体瓦解。1660 年,议会扶植流浪法国的前国王儿子 Charle 二世当国王。 8. A. 在英国,21 岁生日是个大生日,因为他们认为 21 岁是大人开始的年龄。 9. C. 路透社是世界四大通讯社之一,也是英国创办最早的通讯社。1850 年由保罗·朱利叶 斯·路透 (paul julius reuter)在德国亚琛创办,1851 年迁址到伦敦。创办人路透原为德 国人,后加入英国籍。1865 年,路透把他的私人通讯社扩展成为一家大公司。 10. D. “山姆大叔”(Uncle Sam),“乔纳森大哥”和“扬基老”都是美国和美国人的绰号。 英国概况 1. Britain was the first country to industrialize because of the following factors except _____. A. Britain was well placed geographically to participate in European and world trade. B. Britain had many rivers, which were useful for transport. C. British engineers had sound training and the inventors were respected. D. British government was increasingly interested in overseas and colonies after the 17th century. 2. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. The _____ has very little power. A. queen B. monarch C. prime minister D. king 3. Which party has always had strong links with the trade unions and received financial support from them? A. the Labor Party B. the Conservative Party C. the Liberal Party D. the Social Democratic Party 4. On accepting ____, the age of constitutional monarchy, of a monarchy with powers limited by Parliament, began. A. Constitutional Law B. The Declaration of Independence C. Civil Law D. Bill of Rights 5. Females were allowed to vote in national elections until ____. A. 1918 B. 1916 C. 1920 D. 1896 6. The British North America Act of 1867 established ____ as a domain. A. Australia B. Canada C. New Zealand D. India 7. During World War II, as a war leader, _____ received massive popular support and led his country to final victory in 1945. A. Harold Wilson B. Edward Heath C. Franklin Roosevelt D. Winston Churchill 8. The Falkland Islands war was between Britain and _____. A. France B. New Zealand C. Argentina D. Australia 9. In Britain, a _____ is held when member of Parliament dies, retires or resigns. A. civic election B. by-election C. popular election D. general election 10. In the United Kingdom, ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of _____. A. the Lord Chancellor B. the Monarch C. the Prime Minister D. the King 练习题答案及题解: 1. D, 英国之所以能成为世界上最早开始工业化的国家,原因有很多。 但英国是从 17 世纪以 后逐步开始对海外贸易和开拓海外殖民地产生浓厚兴趣的。 2. B, 英国是君主立宪制国家,国王或女王(君主)几乎没什么实质性的权力。

3. A, 保守党和自由党是英国最早成立的两个党派。大致来说,保守党是中上层阶级的党, 它得到大公司财政上的支持;而工党,主要得到工会的支持,它的支持者主要是中产阶 级和知识分子。 4. D, 《权利法案》的签署标志着英国进入了君主立宪制时代 5. A, 直到 1918 年妇女才在全国大选中享有选举权。 6. B, 《1867 年英国北美法案》将加拿大纳为它的自治领土。 7. D, 在第二次世界大战中,当时的英国首相丘吉尔作为战争统帅受到了英国人民的广泛 拥戴,并带领英国人民赢得了战争的最后胜利。 8. C, 福克兰群岛战役是发生在英国和阿根廷着这两个国家之间。位于大西洋南部的福克 兰群岛从 1892 年起就是英国的海外殖民地,1982 年阿根廷开始控制这些岛屿,但是英 国最终打败了阿根廷,并重新占领了这些岛屿。 9. B, 英国的下院议会成员中有人去世、退休或辞职时,就要进行补缺选举。 10. C, 在英国,部长们是由首相推荐,女王加以任命的。 英国概况 1. How many members are there in the House of Commons? A. 650 B. 524 C. 72 D. 651 2. Which of the following people didn’t use to be the British Prime Minister? A. Margaret Thatcher B. Winston Churchill C. Horatio Nelson D. John Major 3. By tradition, the leader of the majority party is appointed _____ by the Sovereign in the United Kingdom. A. Prime Minister B. Member of Parliament C. Lord of appeal D. Speaker of the House 4. The Tories were the forerunners of _____, which still bears this nickname today. A. the Labor Party B. the Conservative Party C. the Liberal Party D. the Social Democratic Party 5. In the United Kingdom, the party which wins the ____ number of seats in the House of Commons becomes the official Opposition. A. largest B. second largest C. third largest D. fourth largest 6. The term “British disease” is now often used to characterize Britain’s _____ decline. A. political B. educational C. military D. economic 7. The 1980s was remembered as the decade of _____. A. globalization B. nationalization C. privatization D. competition 8. Today, in Britain, ______ is called a “sick” industry. A. coal mining B. iron and steel C. textiles D. shipbuilding 9. The first steam engine was devised by Thomas Newcomer at the end of the 17th century, and the Scottish inventor ____ modified and improved the design in 1765. A. Abraham Darby B. James Watt C. John Kay D. Richard Arkwrightthe 10. ______ created the industrial working class, the proletariat, and it later led to trade unionism. A. The Chartist Movement B. The Industrial Revolution C. The French Revolution D. The Glorious Revolution 练习题答案及题解: 1. D, 下议院共有 651 名议员。 2. C, 撒切尔夫人,丘吉尔和梅杰都曾经做过英国首相;而纳尔逊(1758-1805) ,英国海 军统帅,因作战负伤,右眼失明,失去右臂。后任地中海舰队司令,在特法尔加角海战

中大败西班牙联合舰队,本人受重伤阵亡,号称 Viscount Nelson。 3. A, 在英国,按照传统,多数党的领导人由君主任命为首相,首相从本党内部挑选一些 领导人担任各部部长职位。 4. B, 托利党是英国保守党的前身。 5. B, 在英国,在下议院中赢得第二席位的政党为反对党 6. D, 现在“英国病”这一术语经常用来指英国经济上的衰退。 7. C, 正如 20 世纪 40 年代被看作是国有化的时代一样,20 世纪 80 年代被看作是私有化 的时代包括英国石油、航空、钢铁、电讯在内几乎 40%的国有公司实现了私有化。 8. A, 英国煤矿业被称为生病工业。英国的煤产量在一战前达到顶点,如今的英国的煤矿 业衰退,从而导致矿工的数量、煤矿的总产量大大下降。 9. B, 第一台蒸汽机是 Thomas Newcomer 在 17 世纪末设计的, 后来苏格兰发明家瓦特在 1765 年对原有的设计进行了改进提高,生产出了第一台高效的蒸汽机并应用到纺织和 其他机械业中。 10. B, 工业革命产生了工人阶级,即无产阶级。后来形成了工会制度。 英国概况 1. _____ is the key to Industrial Revolution. A. Iron B. Cotton Textile C. Coal mining D. Steam engine 2. _____ became a literary current during the period of the successful Industrial Revolution. A. Criticism B. Modernism C. Romanticism D. Renaissance 3. Modern football game began in _____. A. China B. France C. England D. Germany 4. _____ is the leader of the British government. A. Prime Minister B. Queen C. President D. Governor 5. The second largest city in England, _____, is a metropolitan district and an industrial and manufacturing city. A. Edinburgh B. Belfast C. Glasgow D. Birmingham 6. _____ introduced Christianity into Britain. A. The Celts B. The Romans C. The Viking Danes D. The French 7. The real power of the British government lies in _____. A. the House of Commons B. the cabinet headed by the Prime Minister C. the Prime Minister D the Queen 8. In Britain, education is compulsory for children between the ages of _____ to _____. A. 5, 14 B. 6, 17 C. 5, 16 D. 6, 14 9. The longest river in Britain is _____, and the largest river in the USA is _____. A. the Seven River; the Missouri River B. the Thames River; the Missouri River C. the Severn River; the Mississippi D the Thames River; the Ohio River 10. The general election in Britain is held every ____ years. A. four B. three C. six D. five 练习题答案及题解: 1. B, 纺织业的改革是英国工业革命的主要成就之一。 2. C, 工业革命时期的主要文学流派是浪漫主义。 3. C, 现代的足球运动起源于英国。 其正宗的老家在英格兰,19 世纪兴起。 4. A, 英国的政体是君主立宪制。女王是国家元首,但政府的首领为首相。 5. D, 英国的第二大城市伯明翰位于英格兰中部平原,是英国的工业和制造业中心。 6. B, 公元 43 年罗马人占领英国,其后统治了 400 多年。基督徒就是在这一时期由罗马人

7. 8. 9. 10.

传入英国的。 B, 君主立宪制下国王的作用更侧重于其象征意义,实权为内阁所有,内阁由首相率领。 C, 英国的教育体系中的义务教育阶段是 5-16 岁, 这是每位学生在学校学习的最低年限。 C, 英国最长的河是塞文河,全长 355 公里,美国最长的河是密西西比河,长 4000 公里 D, 英国大选每 5 年举行一次。

英国概况 1. Which of the following tribes first came to Britain? A. Roman B. Anglo-Saxons C. Jutes D. Celts 2. The Hundred Years’ War between Britain and France was fought ____. A. from 1327 to 1453 B. from 1337 to 1453 C. from 1347 to 1453 D. from 1357 to 1453 3. The Republic of Ireland became independent in the year ____ A. 1918 B. 1920 C. 1945 D. 1949 4. The English Civil War is also called ____. A. the Puritan Revolution B. the second Magna Carta C. the Long Parliament D. the Anglican War 5. Britain is separated from the rest of Europe by the English Channel in the ____ and the North Sea in the east. A. east B. south C. west D. north 6. The largest lake in Britain is ____. A. Loch Lomond B. the Lough Neagh C. Windermere D. Ullswater 7. Where do the majority of people in Scotland live? A. In the Highlands B. In the central Lowlands C. In the Uplands D. In the west of Scotland 8. In Britain only about ____ of the population are farmers but they manage 70% of the land area. A. 2% B. 3% C. 4% D. 5% 9. The two important crops in Britain are ____ A. barley and corn B. wheat and rice C. barley and oats D. wheat and barley 10. In Britain, children from the age of 5 to 16 ____ A. can legally receive partly free education B. can legally receive completely free education C. can not receive free education at all D can not receive free education if their parents are rich 练习题答案及题解: 1. D. 凯尔特在公元前 700 年到英国,罗马人在公元 1 到 5 世纪统治英国, 世纪中期盎格 5 鲁撒克逊人侵占英国,因此凯尔特人是最早踏入英国的。 2. B. 英法百年战争爆发于 1337 年到 1453 年间,中间还发生了黑死病。 3. D. 爱尔兰共和国在 1949 年独立。 4. A. 英国内战于 1642 年到 1646 年间发生,国王查尔斯与议会发生争执,实际上是国王 与清教徒之间的矛盾引起的,结果议会胜利。 5. B. 英国南面与法国隔着英吉利海峡。 6. B. 英国最大的湖是内伊湖,最长的河流是塞文河。 7. B. 苏格兰中低部适合人类生存,是苏格兰工业和人高度集中的地区。 8. A. 由于英国农作业时的高度机械化,只需利用全国 2%的人口来耕作大面积农地。

9. D. 小麦和大麦是英国最重要的庄稼。 10. B. 英国的义务教育是从 5 岁到 16 岁,所以期间的教育全部免费。 英国概况 1. Which of the following is the British oldest daily newspaper? A. The Telegraph B. The Guardian C. The News of the World D. The Times 2. The river Thames is in _____. A. Wales B. Scotland C. England D. Northern Ireland 3. The Industrial Revolution started in _____. A. the Great Britain B. the United States C. Canada D. Australia 4. Which of the following is true under Thatcher’s administration? A. The proportion of owner-occupation decreased. B. Public housing became more important. C. Many public houses were sold to people. D. The UK became more European-like in its housing arrangement. 5. Britain has its nuclear naval force since _____. A. it’s one of the developed countries in the world B. it’s a traditional sea power C. it has an advanced industry D it’s able to produce submarines 6. Which of the following is the oldest national Sunday newspaper in Britain? A. The Times B. The Guardian C. The Observer D. The Financial Times 7. Big Ben was named after _____. A. Christopher Wren B. Benjamin Hall C. Ben John D. G. Stephenson 8. The Capital of Wales is _____. A. Swansea B. Cardiff C. Rhonda D. Belfast 9. ____ is England’s biggest naval base. A. Portsmouth B. Southampton C. Plymouth D. Dover 10. There are two major national parties in Britain: the Conservative party and _____. A. the Liberal Party B. the Democratic Party C. the Labour Party D. the Republican Party 练习题答案及题解: 1. D, 英国历史上最悠久的日报是《泰晤士报》 。 2. C, 泰晤士河位于英格兰。 3. A, 工业革命最早从英国开始。 4. C, 1979 年撒切尔夫人成为英国第一任女首相。 她提出的政策称被为“撒切尔主义”。 其内 容包括国有企业私有化,采用货币主义政策以控制通货膨胀,削弱工会的影响,加强市 场因素在经济中的作用,将公有住房卖给公众,强调法律和秩序。在一定程度上讲,她 的计划是成功的。她领导英国经济度过了一段最繁华的时期。 5. B, 英国拥有其海军核力量与其一贯的霸主地位是密切相关的。 6. C, 《观察家报》创刊于 1791 年,是英国创刊最早的星期日报纸。 7. B, 据说 Big Ben 得名于它在 1859 年修建时候的建造者 Benjamin Hall。 8. B, 威尔士位于大不列颠的西部。首府:加的夫。 9. A, 英国最大的海军基地是普茨茅斯。 10. C, 英国奉行的是两党制。其两大主要政党是保守党和工党。

英国概况 1. Which name is NOT related to Britain? A. Northern Ireland B. Scotland C. Wales D. Toronto 2. The news agency Reuters was founded in _____. A. London B. Birmingham C. Liverpool D. Manchester 3. The tower of London, a historical sight, located in the center of London, was built by _____. A. King Harold B. Robin Hood C. Oliver Cromwell D. William the Conqueror 4. Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England? A. The Anglo-Saxon B. The Normans C. The Vikings D. The Romans 5. Which is the largest city in Scotland? A. Cardiff B. Edinburgh C. Glasgow D. Manchester 6. In Britain, children from the age of 5 to 16 _____. A. can legally receive completely free education B. can legally receive partly free education C. cannot receive free education at all D cannot receive free education of their parents are rich 7. The Industrial Revolution started in _____. A. the Great Britain B. the United States C. Canada D. Australia 8. What is the name of Britain’s highest mountain? A. Anne Boleyn B. Ben Nevis C. Snowdonia D. Scafell 9. Which is the correct name to use to refer to Britain in a political way? A. Great Britain B. The British Isles C. The United Kingdom D. England 10. Britain has, for centuries, been slowly tilting with _____. A. the North-West slowly rising and the South-East slowly sinking B. the North-East slowly rising and the South-West slowly sinking C. the South-East slowly rising and the North-west slowly sinking D. the South-West slowly rising and the North-East slowly sinking 练习题答案及题解: 1. D, 多伦多属于加拿大,与英国无关。 2. A, 路透社创建于伦敦。 3. D, 伦敦塔是 1078 年为防止罗马入侵由威廉大帝修建的。 4. A, 英国民族的前身是安格鲁萨克森人。 5. C, 格拉斯格是苏格兰最大的城市和经济中心。 6. A, 英国小孩 5—16 岁的教育是免费的。 7. A, 工业革命起源于英国。 8. B, 本尼维斯山为英国最高峰。 9. C, 提起英国,很多人会使用名字“Britain”,“England”或“British”,但这往往会惹恼苏格 兰人, 威尔士人以及北爱尔兰人。 从政治角度来讲, “the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”或 “the United Kingdom/UK”是英国正确的叫法。“the British Isles” 则是地理意义上的名字,包括 Great Britain,the whole of Ireland ( Northern and Southern) ,the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man 这些岛屿。 10. A, 英国几个世纪以来地势一直在缓慢地倾斜,表现为西北部在慢慢上升,而东南部在 慢慢下沉,所以英国的西北部为高地。

美国概况

In area, the United States is the ____ largest country in the world. A. 2nd B. 3rd C. 4th D. 5th 2. The 50th state in America is ____. A. Alaska B. Texas C. Hawaii D. Rhode Island 3. Mauna Loa, the world’s largest active volcano, is located in ____. A. Hawaii B. Alaska C. Texas D. Perth 4. Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 because of ____. A. the Great Depression B. the Black Power Movement C. the Watergate Scandal D. the Isolation policy 5. All the following universities are located in New England EXCEPT____. A. Yale B. Harvard C. MIT D. Berkeley 6. The United States has less than 6% of the world’s population; yet it produces about ______ of the total world output. A. 20% B. 25% C. 30% D. 35% 7. What forms a natural boundary between Mexico and the United States? A. The Rio Grande River B. The southern Rocky Mountains C. The Colorado River D. The Gulf of California 8. The US formally entered the Second World War in ____. A. 1937 B. 1939 C. 1941 D. 1943 9. The Presidents during the American Civil War was ______. A. Andrew Jackson B. Abraham Lincoln C. Thomas Jefferson D. George Washington 10. The emblem of the Democratic Party is ____. A. elephant B. donkey C. bear D. bull 练习题答案及题解: 1. C. 按领土面积计算:美国是继俄罗斯,加拿大,中国之后的第四名。 2. C. 1959 年,Alasica 和 Hawaii 分别为第四十九个和第五十个加入美国的州。 3. A. Mauna Loa(摩纳罗亚山)是世界上最大的活火山。位于美国 Hawaii(夏威夷)。 4. C. 尼克松总统辞职是由于轰动一时的丑闻“水门事件”。水门事件指美国共和党政府在 1972 年总统竞选运动中的非法活动暴露后的政治丑闻。 5. D. Berkeley(伯克利),是加利福尼亚大学分院,位于美国加利福尼亚西部。而新英格 兰地区包括美国的六个州,由北至南分别为:缅因州、新罕布夏州、佛蒙特州、麻萨诸 塞州、罗德岛、康乃狄克州。 6. B. 美国人口低于世界人口总值的 6%,但是美国经济生产总值占世界 25%,是高度工 业化国家。 7. A. The Rio Grand River(格兰德河)形成了美国与墨西哥的自然分界线。 8. C. 1941 年的珍珠港事件把美国带入了第二次世界战争,与苏联,英国共同对战法西斯。 9. B. Abraham Lincoln 是美国第十六届总统,带领美国人走过美国内战,解放奴隶,但是 在战争结束不到一周被暗杀。 10. B. 19 世纪 70 年代,在美国的《哈泼斯周刊》上,曾先后出现了政治漫画家托马斯·纳 斯特的两幅画,分别以长耳朵的驴和长鼻子的象比拟美国民主党和共和党。后来,纳斯 特又在一幅画中同时画进了象和驴,比喻当时的两党竞选。自那以后,驴和象就逐渐成 为美国两大党的象征,两党也分别以驴、象作为党徽的标记。 美国概况 1. _____is the largest city and the chief port of the United States.

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A. Washington D. C. B. Los Angeles C. San Francisco D. New York City 2. _____ enjoys the worst social and economic conditions. A. Blacks B. Hispanics C. Indians D. Asian Americans 3. Washington D. C. is named after___________. A. the U. S. President George Washington B. Christopher Columbus C. both George Washington and Christopher Columbus D. none of them 4. American and British English are two_____ of the English language. A. varieties B. elements C. parts D. forms 5. The first American president to be elected from the Republican Party was______. A. Thomas Jefferson B. James Monroe C. James Madison D. Abraham Lincoln 6. Of the fifty states, the smallest state in area is_____. A. Rhode Island B. Virginia C. Texas D. Montana 7. The national flag of the United States is known as_____. A. the Star-Spangled Banner B. Uncle Sam C. Hot Dog D. Union Jack 8. The number of the Representatives from each American state depends on the _____. A. contribution a state has made to the nation B. population C. size D. none of the above 9. The tern “Father of Waters” is used to refer to _____. A. the Amazon River B. the Mississippi River C. the Nile River D. the Hudson River 10. The statue of liberty was given to American people by_____ as a gift in 1884. A. France B. Spain C. Italy D. Britain 练习题答案及题解: 1. D, 纽约是美国最大的城市同时也是最重要的经济中心和最主要的港口。 2. A, 黑人在美国的经济和社会地位都最为低下。 3. C, 首都命名华盛顿是为纪念美国的第一任总统乔治?华盛顿,而联邦直辖区命名为哥伦 比亚特区是为纪念第一位从欧洲横渡大西洋到达西半球的探险家克里斯多拂?哥伦布 4. A, 美国英语和英国英语是英语语言的两种变体。 5. D, 美国历史上的第一位共和党总统是亚伯拉罕?林肯。 6. A, 美国国土面积最小的是罗得岛。 7. A, 美国的国旗是星条旗。 8. B, 美国每个州派往众议院的代表人数应与本州人口成比例。 9. B, 美国的“众河之父”指的是密西西比河。 10. A, 美国的自由女神像是法国人赠予的礼物。 美国概况 1. The Rocky Mountains is located in _____. A. Great Britain B. Australia C. South Africa D. North America 2. Hollywood, the centre of American movie industry, is closest to which city? A. Los Angles B. Chicago C. New York D. Washington 3. Which of the following is an American newspaper? A. The Guardian B. Newsweek C. The International Herald Tribune D. The Daily Telegraph

The U. S. is called a “melting pot” because _____. A. its steel industry is highly developed B. it has great influence on the world C. it is an important economic center of the world D people from different races live there together 5. The first Puritans came to America on the ship _____. A. Codpeed B. Susan Constant C. May Flower D. Discovery 6. Americans celebrate Memorial Day on the last Monday in May to honor those who have _____. A. given their lives for their country B. made great scientific discoveries C. won American great reputation in sports D. donated large amounts of money to the country 7. “Trick or Treat” is a phrase that children often use when they celebrated _____. A. New Year’s Day B. Veteran’s Day C. Halloween D. Christmas 8. The Easter egg and the hare, two of the symbols most frequently associated with Easter, are considered to present _____. A. vigor and bravery B. fertility and new life C. originality and speed D. happiness and fun 9. Which of the following books is not written by Mark Twain, whose real name is Samuel Langhorne Clemens? A. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer B. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn C. Life on the Mississippi D. Leaves of grass 10. Which of the following books is written by Washington Irving? A. Nature B. The Scarlet Letter C. The Sketch Book D. Farewell to Arms 练习题答案及题解: 1. D, 落基山脉位于美国西北部, 向东南延伸。 2. A, 好莱坞和迪士尼均位于洛杉矶。 3. B, 《新闻周刊》是美国的报纸, 《国际先驱论坛》是法国的, 《卫报》和《每日电讯》 为英国的。 4. D, 美国被称之为“大熔炉” 5. C, 首批清教徒到美国时乘坐的船是“五月花号”。 6. A, Memorial Day 是美国的阵亡将士纪念日。 7. C, 万圣节是美国的传统节日。万圣节前夜, 孩子们带着各种面具, 穿着奇异的衣服, 跑到邻居家门前,高声喊着:“Trick or Treat”,向大人们讨要糖果。不给的邻居就会遭 到小孩的恶作剧。 8. B, 复活节彩蛋和兔子是“多产和新生”的象征。 9. D, Leaves if grass 是 Walt Whitman 的作品。 10. C, Washington Irving 被称作是美国文学之父,这是他最有名的作品。 A.Ralph W. Emerson B.Nathaniel Hawthorne D. Earnest Hemingway 美国概况 1. _____is the largest city and the chief port of the United States. A. Washington D. C B. Los Angeles C. San Francisco D. New York City

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_____ enjoys the worst social and economic conditions. A. Blacks B. Hispanics C. Indians D. Asian Americans 3. Washington D. C. is named after___________. A. the U. S. President George Washington B. Christopher Columbus C. both George Washington and Christopher Columbus D. none of them 4. American and British English are two_____ of the English language. A. varieties B. elements C. parts D. form 5. The first American president to be elected from the Republican Party was______. A. Thomas Jefferson B. James Monroe C. James Madison D. Abraham Lincoln 6. Of the fifty states, the smallest state in area is_____. A. Rhode Island B. Virginia C. Texas D. Montana 7. The national flag of the United States is known as_____. A. the Star-Spangled Banner B. Uncle Sam C. Hot Dog D. Union Jack 8. The number of the Representatives from each American state depends on the _____. A. contribution a state has made to the nation B. population C. size D. none of the above 9. The tern “Father of Waters” is used to refer to _____. A. the Amazon River B. the Mississippi River C. the Nile River D. the Hudson River 10. The statue of liberty was given to American people by_____ as a gift in 1884. A. France B. Spain C. Italy D. Britain 练习题答案及题解: 1. D, 纽约是美国最大的城市同时也是最重要的经济中心和最主要的港口。 2. A, 黑人在美国的经济和社会地位都最为低下。 3. C, 首都华盛顿是为了纪念美国的第一任总统乔治?华盛顿,而联邦直辖区命名为哥伦比 亚特区是为了纪念第一位从欧洲横渡大西洋到达西半球的探险家克里斯多拂?哥伦布。 4. A, 美国英语和英国英语是英语语言的两种变体。 5. D, 美国历史上的第一位共和党总统是亚伯拉罕?林肯。 6. A, 美国国土面积最小的是罗得岛。 7. A, 美国的国旗是星条旗。 8. B, 美国每个州派往众议院的代表人数应与本州人口成比例。 9. B, 美国的“众河之父”指的是密西西比河。 10. A, 美国的自由女神像是法国人赠予的礼物。 美国概况 1. Ernest Hemingway is _____. A. Englishman B. American C. Dutch D. Denmark 2. John Fitzgerald Kennedy is _____ president. A. 35th B. 34th C. 33rd D. 32nd 3. In 1837, the first college-level institution for women, Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, opened in _____ to serve the “Muslim sex”. A. New England B. Virginia C. Massachusetts D. New York

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The capital of Massachusetts is _____. A. Providence B. Boston C. Montpelier D. Augusta 5. _____ is the dividing line between the South and North. A. The Hudson River B. The Potomac River C. The Ohio River D. The Missouri River 6. ____ is Washington’s largest city. A. Boise B. Denver C. Tacoma D. Seattle 7. Washington D. C., the capital of U. S. is situated on the _____River banks. A. St. Lawrence B. Hudson C. Potomac D. Missouri 8. When did the American Civil War break out? A. 1775 B. 1812 C. 1861 D. 1863 9. Who prepared the draft of the Declaration of Independence? A. John Adams B. Thomas Jefferson C. Benjamin Franklin D. John Hancock 10. In which day is Halloween celebrated? A. 5 November B. 31 October C. 17 March D. 25 December 练习题答案及题解: 1. B,文坛巨匠海明威是美国人。 2. A,肯尼迪是美国的第 35 任总统。 3. C,美国的第一所女子学院开设于马萨诸塞州。 4. B,麻省的首府是波士顿。 5. D,美国南北的分界线是密苏里河,东西的分界线是密西西比河。 6. D,华盛顿州的最大城市是西雅图。 7. C,华盛顿特区位于波托马克河上。 8. C,美国内战爆发于 1861 年,结束于 1865 年。 9. B,为美国起草独立宣言的是托马斯?杰弗逊。 10. B,万圣节前夕是 10 月的最后一天即 10 月 31 号。 美国概况 美国概况 1 The following were the founding fathers of the American Republic except _____. A George Washington B Thomas Jefferson C William Penn D Benjamin Franklin 2 The New Deal was started by _____. A Franklin Roosevelt B J.K. Kennedy C George Washington D Thomas Jefferson 3 The United States was rated _____ in the world in terms of land areas. A second B third C fourth D fifth 4 The expenditure in American public schools is guided or decided by _____. A Teachers B students C headmaster D boards of education 5 The Bill of Rights consists of _____. A 10 very short paragraphs in an amendment B 10 amendments adopted in 1787 C 10 amendments added to the Constitution in 1791 D the amendments concerning the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press and the freedom of religion 6 The United States produces as much as much as half of the world’s _____.

4.

A wheat and rice B cotton C tobacco D soybeans and corn 7 Which invention marked the beginning of “The Age of Visual Information”? A Newspaper B Telegraph C Laundry machine D Television 8 The theory of American politics and the American Revolution originated mainly from _____. A George Washington B Thomas Jefferson C John Adams D John Locke 9 The District of Manhattan is in the city if _____. A Washington D.C. B San Francisco C New York D Chicago 10 The seats in the Senate are allocated to different states_____. A according to their population B according to their size C according to their tax paid to federal government D equally 练习题答案及题解 1 C, 华盛顿、杰弗逊和弗兰克林都是美国创建时的元老功勋、而 William Penn 是美国宾州 的创始人。 2 A, 新政是罗斯福为了应对美国经济大萧条而提出的。 3 C, 就面积而言, 美国是世界第四大国。 4 D, 对此有决定权的是教育委员会。 5 C, 人权法案是于 1791 年增补到宪法法案上来的前十条修正案。 6 D, 美国出产占世界一半的是大豆和玉米。 7 D, 开创人类视觉信息革命的重大发明是电视机。 8 D, 美国的许多政治观念都是来源于英国著名哲学家约翰?洛克。 9 C, 曼哈顿是纽约市的著名经济和商业区, 也是纽约的中心地带。 10 D, 美国每一个州在参议院中均有两位议员作为代表,与各州人口无关和众议院不同) 。 美国概况 1 The world-famous Havard University is in _____. A. Massachusetts B. New York C .Washington D.C. D.Maine 2 Which of the following statements about American education is wrong? A. Elementary and secondary education in America is free and compulsory B. Private schools are financially supported by religious or nonreligious private organizations or individuals. C. There are more public colleges and universities than the private ones D. Credits taken at community colleges are normally applicable to requirement for a four-year bachelor’s degree. 3 _____ is a symbol of American theatre and world-class entertainment. A. Broadway B .Wall Street C .The Fifth Avenue D. Times Square 4 ____ is not a tourist attraction in the United States. A. Yellowstone National Park B. Grand Canyon C. St. Patrick’s Cathedral D. Stonehenge 5 ____ was an actor before he became the President. A Ronald Reagan B Abraham Lincoln C Herbert Hoover D Jimmy Carter 6 New Englanders were originally known as _____, which come to stand for all Americans. A Hippies B Yankees C Uncle Sam D Brother Jonathan 7 On the 30th of April 1789, George Washington took the oath of office in _____, which housed the government then. A New York B Washington D.C. C Philadelphia D.Boston 8 Which of the following people was not an American President?

A John Hancock B John Adams C John Q. Adams D Jimmy Carter 9 Henry Fond was the first man to _____. A design a plane B fly an aeroplane C mass-produciton D design and make a car 10 “That government of the people, by the people, for the people, … ”were the words by _____. A Thomas Jefferson B Abraham Lincoln C Andrew Johnson D Theodore Roosevelt 练习题答案及题解: 练习题答案及题解 1 A, 哈佛大学位于马萨诸塞州的剑桥(Cambridge)镇。 2 C, 在美国私立高等教育机构要多于公立的。麻省理工,耶鲁大学,哈佛大学都是私立的。 3 A, 百老汇是一条由南向北贯穿曼哈顿全岛的大道, 其中心地带是在第 42 借“时代广场” 附近, 周围云集了几十家剧院, 上演被称为现代歌舞剧的剧目。 4 D, Stonehenge 在英国, 是古代城池的遗迹。 5 A, 里根从政前曾经在好莱坞闯荡 20 多年,参与演出了 50 多部电影。 6 B, Yankees 一词具有丰富的含义。 现在用于代表美国人,俗称美国佬。 在美国南部, Yankee 是指美国北部各州的居民, 即北方佬;而对多数美国人来说,Yankee 意味着 新英格兰人。 7 A, 1789 年 George Washington 在纽约宣誓就职, 1790 年首都迁往费城。 1800 年以后定 都华盛顿。 8 A, John Hancock,因其当时在《独立宣言》上的签名很大,他的名字在美语里变成了签名 的代名词。 9 C, Henry Ford 早期是一名技师, 虽然没有发明汽车, 但他是第一位批量生产汽车的人。 10 B, 这是 Abraham Lincoln 于 1863 年 11 月 19 日在葛底斯堡阵亡将士墓举行落成仪式上发 表的著名的《葛底斯堡演说》的片语。 。 加拿大概况 1. What country is known as the Land of Maple Leaf? A. United States of America B. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland C. New Zealand D Canada 2. The national anthem of Canada is ____ A. Canada The Beautiful B. O Canada C. God Defend Canada D. Advance Canada Fair 3. The capital city of Canada is ____ A. Montreal B. Toronto C. Albert D. Ottawa 4. According to the Official Language of Act of Canada, there are two official language in this c ountry: they are____ A. English and Spanish B. English and Portuguese C. English and French D. English and CeltiC. 5. Canada is a world ____producer of nickel, zinc, and asbestos…… A. primary B. second C. third D. fourth 6. The highest peak in Canada is ____, which is the Yukon Territory of northwest Canada A. Mount Lawrence B. Mount Superior C. Mount Logan D. Mount Huron 7. St. Lawrence and River Columbia are shared by both ____ A. America and Mexico B. America and Canada C. America and Cuba D. America and Brazil 8. Apart from Paris, France, Montreal is regarded as the largest____city in the world, known as “Paris the Second”.

A. Spanish-speaking B. Portuguese-speaking C. German-speaking D. French-speaking 9. ____, the third largest city in Canada, is well known as Ice-Free Harbor. A. Montreal B. Quebec C. Toronto D. Vancouver 10. Canada is the world’s ____country in terms of land area. A. largest B. second largest C. third largest D. fourth largest 练习题答案及题解: 1. D. 加拿大国树为枫树,期国徽和国旗上都有枫叶的图案,因此长期以来枫叶被视作加 拿大的象征。 2. B. 加拿大国歌是《啊!加拿大》。 3. D 加拿大首都是渥太华, 位于安大略省东南部与魁北克省交界处, 是加拿大的经济政治 中心,同时也是加拿大的文化中心。 4. C. 1867 年的《不列颠北美法案》将英法两种语言定为加拿大联邦政府和魁北克省社会 公共机构官方语言。1968 年的《官方语言法案》规定英语和法语均为加拿大官方语言。 5. A. 加拿大是世界锌和石棉的第一大生产国,钾碱产量居世界第二,黄金产量居第三, 铜产量位居第四。 6. C. 加拿大最高峰为洛根峰,海拔 6050 米。 7. B. 美加边境有两条国际河流,一条是哥伦比亚河,另一条是圣劳伦斯河。 8. D. 蒙特利尔的法裔加拿大占全市人口的三分之二,是除了法国巴黎以外世界上最大的 法语城市,素有“小巴黎”之称。 9. D 温哥华总人口 190 万, 是加拿大第三大城市和工商业中心, 也是不列颠哥伦比亚区的 最大城市、 加拿大西海岸主要港口和横贯加拿大全景铁路线的终点。 它还是一个天然良 港,动机不结冰。 10. B. 加拿大位于美国以北,是世界上仅次于俄国的第二大国家。 英国文学 1. ____refers to some contrast or discrepancy between appearance and reality. A. Allegory B. Conflict C. Irony D. Flashback 2. ___was recognized as the greatest poet of Victorian England. A. Tennyson B. Robert Browning C. Mrs. Browning D. Robert Burns 3. James Joyce is the author of all the following novels EXCEPT____ A. Dubliners B. A Potrait of the Artist as a Young Man C. Jude the Obscure D. Ulysses 4. Which of the follwing poets is different from the others? A. John Donne B. John Keats C. Lord Byron D. Percy Bysshe Shelley 5. William Wordsworth is an English ____ A. poet B. novelist C. playwright D. critic 6. The compiler of Dictionary of the English Language is _____ A. Joseph Addison B. Richard Steele C. Samuel Johnson D. Laurence Stern 7. My Last Duchess is a monologue poem written by ____ A. William Shakespeare B. Robert Browing C. Ben Jonson D. Robert Herrick 8. "Beauty is truth, truth beauty" is an epigrammatic line by ____ A. John Keats B. William Blake C. William Wordsworth D. Percy Bysshe Shelley 9. Paradise Lost is a masterpiece by ____ A. Christopher Marlow B. John Miltom C. William Shakespeare D. Ben Johnson

10. James Joyce mostly wrote about his hometown ____ A. London B. Dublin C. New York D. Edinburgh 练习题答案及题解: 1. D. irony 是指“反讽”,揭示事物表面与真相的差别。 2. A. Aflred Tennyson 被称为维多利亚时代最杰出的英国诗人。 3. C. Jude the Obscure 是 Thomas Hardy 的作品。 4. A. 除了 John Donn 是玄学派诗人外,另外三位为浪漫主义派诗人。 5. A. William Wordsworth 是英国前浪漫主义诗人。 6. C. Samuel Johnson(1709-1784)编写的《英语字典》是之后所有英语字典的基石。 7. B. Robert Browning(1812-1889)擅于写独角剧,他的代表作是 My Last Duchess 和 Meeting at Night。 8. A. Beauty is truth, truth beauty 是 John Keats 的写作宗旨,他用尽毕生精力追求能够表达 一切美丽事物的诗篇。 9. B. 《失乐园》和《复乐园》均为 John Milton 所做。 10. B. James Joyce 出生于爱尔兰的首都都柏林,主要作品有:A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man,Ulysses。故事合集 Dubliners。 美国文学 1. The Old Man and the Sea is one of the great works by ____. A. Jack London B. Charles Dickens C. Samuel Coleridge D. Ernest Hemingway 2. In which novel can "Yahoo" be found? A. John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress B. Edmund Spencer's The Faerie Queen C. Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels D Henry Fielding's Tom Jones 3. The Catcher in the Rye is written by ____. A. J. D. Salinger B. Jack London C. Flannery O'Connor D. Saul Bellow 4. The image of the famous "henpecked husband" is created by____ A. Washington Irving B. Fennimore Cooper C. Edith Wharton D. William Dean Howells 5. The literary spokesman of the Jazz Age is often thought to be ____. A. Eugene O'Neill B. Ezra Pound C. Robert Frost D. Scott Fitzgerald 6. ____ is the most important person of the transcendental club. A. Hawthorn B. Whitman C. Emerson D. Hemingway 7. The main theme of Emily Dickinson is the following except____. A. fridendship B. love and marriage C. life and death D. war and peace 8. Robert Frost is a famous ____ A. novelist B. playwright C. poet D. literary critic 9. Dover Beach is written by ____ A. Robert Browning B. Alfred Tennyson C. Mathew Arnold D. Dylan Thomas 10. The period from 1865-1914 has been referred to as the ____ in the literary history of the United States. A. Age of Realism B. Age of Clasicalism C. Age of Romanticism D. Age of Renaissance 练习题答案及题解: 1. D. 《老人与海》是海明威的作品。 2. C. Jonathan Swift 的 Gulliver's Travels( 《格列弗游记》 )中 yahoo 暗指人类,集人类丑陋 面于一身,服务于动物的一类生物。

A. The Catcher in the Rye( 《麦田里的守望者》 )是 J. D. Salinger(J. D. 赛琳格)的名著。 A. henpecked husband 是指“怕老婆的男人”,改典型形象出自 Washington Irving 的 Rip Van Winkle。 5. D. 二十世纪出现 Jazz Age,这一代的年轻人物欲膨胀,沉迷酒色。Scott Fitzgerald 的 Great Gatsby《了不起的盖茨比》根据时代特征,对深深讽刺了所谓的美国梦。 6. C. Emerson 是超验主义的重要代表,所著 Nature《论自然》代表了他的哲学观。 7. D. Emily Dickinson (1709-1784) 美国女诗人, , 终生未嫁。 主要诗歌: Could Not Sto for I Death 还有,I'm Nobody. Who Are You? 诗歌主题为:爱情,自然,友谊,死亡与不朽。 8. C. Robert Frost 是十九世纪的美国诗人,主要作品:The Road Not Taken,Mending Wall 9. C. Dover Beach( 《多弗的海滩》 )是 Mathew Arnold 的作品。 10. A. 1865-1914,是美国内战结束之后,第一次世界大战爆发之前。这个时候涌现的作家, 比如 Mark Twain 刻画出美国经济政治发展引发的社会现实问题,包括“Gold Rush”。 3. 4.

美国概况 1. The traditional dividing line in America between “east” and “west” is_____. 2. The earliest part in America to be found and taken over by early settlers is ____. 3. The largest racial group in the whole population of U.S.A is____. 4. Before 2000, the largest minority group in the United States is____. 5. ____has the world’s oldest written constitution and political party. 6 .The economic problem caused by the depression in 1929 was eventually solved by____. 7 .In the United States, primary education requires____years. 8 .Most college students in the United States are in____institutions. 9 .The three main levels of courts of the federal judicial system in America are____________. 10. _____(which state )is not governed by the common law. 练习题答案及题解: 练习题答案及题解 1. The Mississippi River, 密西西比河是美国传统的东方和西方的分界线。 2 .The Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain,最早被早期定居者发现和占领的地方是大西洋及其沿 岸平原。 3 .Non-hispanics white, 非西班牙裔的白人是美国最大的种族群体。 4 .African Americans, 2000 年以前非裔美国人是美国最大的少数民族群体。2000 年以后, 拉丁裔美国人的人数超过了非裔美国人的人数,成为美国第一大少数民族群体。 5 .America, 美国拥有世界上最古老的宪法和政党。 6. World War II, 第二次世界大战的爆发帮助美国走出了经济困境。 7. Six years, 美国的小学要花费大约六年的时间。 8. Public, 大部分美国大学生都在公立学校就读。 9 .美国的联邦法院系统包括:the United States District Courts; the United States Courts of Appeal ; the United States Supreme Court. 10 .Louisana, 路易斯安娜州不受共同法的约束。

美国概况练习题: 美国概况练习题: 1. Of the fifty states of America, _____states now have the death penalty as punishment. 2 .The four major regions of the United Sates are________________________________. 3 .______ region’s culture character was shaped largely by Puritan spirit. 4 .______is the largest state in terms of size and population in America.

5."Hollywood"is often used as a synonym for_____ 6. The most important and largest river in the United States of America is_____. 7 .The north-eastern part of the United States ――New England enjoys a _____climate. 8. To the west of mainland American lies the _____ Ocean. 9. Detroit, a U.S. city bordering Lake Erie, is famous for its_____. 10. The natives of the continent of the America are the_____. 练习题答案及题解: 练习题答案及题解 1.38, 美国现有 38 个州惩罚罪犯采用死刑。 2.Northeast, South, Midwest and West, 美国的主要四大部分不包括北部。 3.The New England Region, 美国的新英格兰地区也就是东北部地区深受清教思想的影响。 4 .California,加利福尼亚州是美国最大的州,拥有人口也最多。 5 .American films,好莱坞是美国著名的电影制造地。 6. the Mississippi River,美国最长的河流是密西西比河,也是美国最重要的一条河流。被 美国人视为“众河之父”,沿河流域也是美国的主要农作物产区。 7.typical continental,美国东北部的新英格兰地区是典型的大陆性气候。冬冷夏热。 8.Pacific Ocean, 美国东临大西洋,西濒太平洋,北接加拿大,南靠墨西哥及墨西哥湾。 9.automobile industry,底特律是美国著名的汽车城。 10.Indians, 美国的本土居民是当地的印第安人。 语言学练习题 1. ______ is the branch of linguistics which studies the characteristics of speech sounds and provides methods for their description, classification and transportation. A) Phonetics B) Phonology C) Phoneme D) Phonetic typology 2. The sounds in the production of which there is an obstruction of the air-stream at some point of the vocal tract are called ______. A) consonance B) consonant cluster C) consistency D) consonants 3. In its technical sense here, _____ deals with the analysis and creation of words, idioms and collocations. A) pictogram B) lexicon C) word-formation D) ideogram 4. When was Longrnan Group UK Ltd was founded? A) 1721 B).1722 C) 1723 D).1724 5. What is the name of the dictionary compiled by Samuel Johnson? A) First English Dictionary B) Dictionary of English Language C) A Dictionary of the English Language D) Dictionary of the English Language 6. What essentially distinguishes semantics and pragmatics is the notion of _______. A. reference B. meaning C. antonymy D. context 7. The words "kid, child, offspring" are examples of A. dialectal synonyms B. stylistic synonyms C. emotive synonyms D. collocational synonyms 8. The distinction between parole and langue was made by _____. A. Halliday B. Chomsky C. Bloomfield D. Saussure 答案: 答案: ADBCC DBD 1 _______ refers to the study of the internal structure of words and the rules of word formation. A. Phonology B. Morphology C. Semantics D. Sociolinguistics 2. The distinctive features of a speech variety may be all the following EXCEPT

A. lexical B. syntactic C. phonological D. psycholinguistic 3 The word tail once referred to “the tail of a horse”, but now it is used to mean “the tail of any animal.” This is an example of A. widening of meaning B. narrowing of meaning C. meaning shift D. loss of meaning 4.Articulatory phonetics mainly studies ______. A. the physical properties of the sounds produced in speech. B. the perception of sounds C. the combination of sounds D. the production of sounds 5 What phonetic features distinguish the [p] in please and the [p] in speak? A. Voicing B. Aspiration C. Roundness D. Nasality 6. In the word conceive, the morpheme –ceive is a ________. A. free root B. bound root C. suffix D. prefix 7. Which of the following words is created though the process of acronym? A. ad B. edit C. AIDS D. Bobo 8. All words contain a ________. A. root morpheme B. bound morpheme C. prefix D. suffix 9. Which of the following words is a derivational one ________. A. black board B. teaches C. consideration D. books 10. The relationship between “fruit” and “apple” is _______. A. homonymy B. hyponymy C. polysemy D. synonymy 11. The word “lab” is formed through ________. A. back formation B. blending C. clipping D. derivation 答案: 答案:BDADB BCACB C 语言学 1. Which of the following statements about language is NOT true? A. Language is a system. B. Language is symbolic. C. Animals also have language. D. Language is arbitrary. 2. Which of the following features is NOT one of the design features of language? A. Symbolic B. Dual C. Productive D. Arbitrary 3. What is the most important function of language? A. Interpersonal B. Phatic C. Informative D. Metalingual 4. Who put forward the distinction between Langue and Parole? A. Saussure B. Chomsky C. Halliday D. Anonymous . 5.According to Chomsky, which is the ideal user's internalized knowledge of his language? A. competence B. parole C. performance D. langue 6.The function of the sentence "A nice day, isn't it?" is . A. informative B. phatic C. directive D. performative . 7.Articulatory phonetics mainly studies . A. the physical properties of the sounds produced in speech B. the perception of sounds C. the combination of sounds D. the production of sounds . . 8.The distinction between vowels and consonants lies in

A. the place of articulation B. the obstruction of airstream C. the position of the tongue D. the shape of the lips . 9.Which is the branch of linguistics which studies the characteristics of speech sounds and provides methods for their description, classification and transcription? A. Phonetics B. Phonology C. Semantics D. Pragmatics 10.Which studies the sound systems in a certain language? A. Phonetics B. Phonology C. Semantics D. Pragmatics . 11.Minimal pairs are used to A. find the distinctive features of a language B. find the phonemes of a language C. compare two words D. find the allophones of language 12.Usually, suprasegmental features include,length and pitch. A. phoneme B. speech sounds C. syllables D. stress 13.Which is an indispensable part of a syllable? A. Coda B. Onset C. Stem D. Peak . 14.Which is the smallest unit of language in terms of relationship between expression and content? A. Word B. Morpheme C. Allomorph D. Root 15.Which studies the internal structure of words, and the rules by which words are formed? A. Morphology B. Syntax C. Phonology D. Semantics . 16.Lexeme is ______. A. a physically definable unit B. the common factor underlying a set of forms C. a grammatical unit D. an indefinable unit . 17.Which of the following sounds does not belong to the allomorphs of the English plural morpheme ? A. [s] B. [iz] C. [ai] D. [is] . 18.All words contain a . A. root morpheme B. bound morpheme C. prefix D. suffix . 19.The relationship between "fruit" and "apple" is A. homonymy B. hyponymy C. polysemy D. synonymy 20.The part of the grammar that represents a speaker's knowledge of the structure of phrases and sentences is called . A. lexicon B. morphology C. syntax D. semantics . 21.Which of the following items is not one of the grammatical categories of English pronouns? A. gender B. number C. case D. voice 22.The pair of words "lend" and "borrow" are A. gradable opposites B. converse opposites C. co-hyponyms D. synonyms 23."Big" and "Small" are a pair of opposites. A. complementary B. gradable C. complete D. converse 24.According to C. Morris and R. Carnap, which is studies the relationship between symbols and their interpreters? A. syntax B. semantics C. pragmatics D. sociolinguistics 25.There are deixis in the sentence she has sold it here yesterday. A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6 26.In the following conversation: - Beirut is in Peru, isn't it? - And Rome is in Romania, I suppose.

The second person violates the A. Quantity Maxim B. Quality Maxim C. Relation Maxim D. Manner Maxim 27.The maxim of requires that a participant's contribution be relevant to the conversation. A. quantity B. quality C. manner D. relation

1.Which of the folowing is NOT a compound word? A. Landlady B. Greenhouse C. Uplift D. Unacceptable 2. The word holiday originally meant holy day; but now the word signifies any day on which we don’t have to work. This is an example of ____ A. meanng shift B. widening of meaning C. narrowing of meaning D. loss of meaning 3.The capital of Australia is ____ A. Sydney B. Melbourne C. Canberra D. Perth 4.Which degree is offered in community colleges in the United States? A. Master’s degree B. Docter’s degree C. Bachelor’s degree D. Associate’s degree 5.George Bernard Shaw was a(n) ____ A. playwright B. poet C. novelist D. essayist 6.John Galsworthy was most famous for ____ A. Heart of Darkness B. Ulysses C. The Forsyte Saga D. A Passage to India 7.The novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was witten by ____ A. Henry James B. O. Henry C. Harriet Beecher Stower D. Mark Twain 8.The study of how sounds are put together and used to convey meaning in communication is _______ A. morphology B. general linguistics C. phonology D. semantics 9.Where is Edinburgh? A. In wales B. In Scotland C. In Northern Ireland D. In Ireland 10.Which of the following is Not a U.S. news and cable network? A. ABC B. CNN C. CBS D. BBC 答案: 答案: DBCBA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. CDCBD

The Scotsmen now speak ______. A. English B. Scottish C. Gaelic D. all of the above According to the English law, no person can get married below the age of _____. A. 16 B. 18 C. 20 D. 21 th The 18 century England is known as the ______ in the history. A. Romanticism B. Classicism C. Renaissance D. Enlightenment The emblem of the Democratic Party is _____. A. elephant B. donkey C. bear D. bull William Wordsworth is an English _____. A. poet B. novelist C. playwright D. critic Paradise Lost is a masterpiece by _____. A. Christopher Marlow B. John Milton C. William Shakespeare D. Ben Jonson The novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was written by _____.

A. Henry James B. O. Henry C. Harriet Beecher Stowe D. Mark Twain 8. Which of the following statements about language is NOT true? A. Language is a system. B. Language is symbolic C. Animals also have languages. D. Language is arbitrary. 9. Of the following sound combinations, only _____ is permissible according to the sequential rules in English. A. kibl B. bkil C. ilkb D. ilbk 10. Which branch of study can NOT be included in the scope of Linguistics? A. Syntax. B. Pragmatics. C. Phonetics. D. Anthropology. 答案: 答案: DADBA BDCAD

专八辅导 辅音如何分类 1.发音部位(places of articulation) :双唇音(bilabial)、唇齿音(labiodental)、齿间音(dental) 11. 发音方法(manners of articulation): 、爆破音(stop)、摩擦音(fricatives)、破擦音(affricates)、 鼻音(nasal)、边音(lateral)等; 3.声带状态:清辅音、浊辅音。 10. English consonants can be classified into stops, fricatives, nasals, etc, in terms of ___ A manner of articulation B openness of mouth C place of articulation D voicing 选择 A 而不是 C 1. St. Lawrence and River Columbia are shared by both ____ A America and Mexico B America and Canada C America and Cuba D America and Brazil 2. European settlement of Australia began in the late part of ____ when a British penal colony was established on the east coast of the continent. A the 16th century B the 17th century C the 18th century D. the 19th century 3.Which sport is supposed to be America’s national sport and used to be call “American’s favorable pastime”? A baseball B basketball C rugby D cricket 4. The largest city in New Zealand is ____ A Auckland B Wellington C Christchurch D Dunedin 5. After Adam Bede,____wrote The Mill on the Floss and Silas Marner in which moral problems are discussed and psychological analysis of characters are emphasized. A George Eliot B Jane Austin C George Dickens D Charlotte Bronte 6.All of the following odes are written by John Keats EXCEPT____ A Ode to Autumn B Ode to a Nightingale C Ode to a Skylark D Ode on Melancholy 7. Of____’s four famous comedies, the best known is Lady Windermere’s Fan. A Oscar Wilde B Richard Sheridan C Bernard Shaw D Somerset Maugham 8. If the air stream meets with no obstruction when a sound is pronounced, it is a(n) ___ A voiced consonant B voiceless consonant C vowel D explosive 9. The internationally accepted system of phonetic transcription is ____

A I.P.A B I.A.P.S C I.S.S D S.S.I.P 10. With the ____, Latin words were added into the vocabulary of the language spoken in Britain. A invasion of the Romans B Christianization of Britain C Scandinavian invasion D Norman Conquest 答案: 答案 BCAAA CACAB 9. 国际音标(international phonetic alphabet)是目前世界上比较通行的音标,简称 IPA,最 初制定于 1886 年。 专八辅导 1. It was during ____ reign that the name Great Britain came into being. A Mary’s B Anne’s C Jame II’s D Oliver Cromwell 2.Where is Edinburgh? A In Wales B In Scotland C In Northern Ireland D In Ireland 3. One of the most famous national parks in the U.S. is the ____ A Yellowstone National Park B Hyde Park C Kakadu National Park D American Fishing Center 4. New Zealand is just west of the International Date Line, so it is the first country to get ____ A frozen B wet C the new day D united 5. Mr.Darcy is a character in ____ A. Tess of the D’Urbervilles B Pride and Prejudice C Happy Prince D The Mill on the Floss 6. Lyrical Ballads is the joint work between Wordsworth and his friend____ A Coleridge B Bryon C Keats D Shelly 7.____is the representative work of the Jazz Age A The Great Gatsby B On the Road C Look Back in Anger D The Sun Also Rises 8. The distinction of langue and parole is made by ____ A Hall B Sapir C Chomsky D Saussure 9. ____examines how meaning is encoded in a language. A Semantics B Syntax C Pragmatics D Morphology 10.The sentence “I apologize!” belongs to the category of ____according to the speech act theory. A. expressive B performative C representative D constative 答案: 答案 BBACB AADAB constative 为叙述句 performative 为施为句 专八辅导 美国人口构成 1. The population of the United States is a bit more than 272 million, about 13% of which are Black, 12 % are Hispanic(讲西班牙语的人),4% are Asian and the rest are White Americans. 2. It is the third most populous country in the world after China and India. 3. The most populous states are California, Texas, New York, Florida and Illinois. 4. More than 80% of Americans live in urban areas. 巩固:按照人口数量排列,美国在世界排在第几位;按照面积排,美国又是排第几位呢? 1. Christmas is usually connected to ____ A the reunion of a large family B the eating of Easter eggs

C the resurrection of Christ D the forgiving of other’s sins 2. The largest of the ethnic minorities in America is ____ A the blacks B the Mexico-Americans C the Spanish-Americans D the Chinese 3. The British establish ____colonies along the east coast of North American between 16.7 and 1733. A. 11 B 12 C13 D14 4. The largest university in Canada is ____ A Laval University B The University of Toronto C McGill University D Simon Fraser University 5. Robinson Crusoe is written by ____ A.Henry Fielding B Daniel Defoe C Samuel Richardson D Jonathan Swift 6. ____is written by Walt Whitman. A Representative Men B English Traits C Nature D Leaves of Grass 7. ____is not a novelist. A.Henry James B.Emily Dickinson C.William Dean Howells D.Mark Twain 8. ____is not one of the core branches of linguistics. A Phonology B.Psycho-linguistics C.Syntax D.Semantics 9. ____ is the common factor of the three sounds:[p], [t], [k] A.voiceless B.spread C.voiced D.nasal 10. English consonants can be classified into stops, fricatives, nasals, etc, in terms of ___ A.manner of articulation B.openness of mouth C.place of articulation D voicing 答案: ACCBB DBBAA 按面积计算,美国继俄罗斯,加拿大,中国之后位居第四。按人口计算,美国继中国,印度 后,居第三。 专八辅导 1.The national epic of the Anglo-Saxons is ____. A.Robin Hood B Sir Gawain and the Green Knight C.The Canterbury Tales D Beowulf 2. ____was the most outstanding single romance on the Arthurian legend written in alliterative verse. A.The Canterbury Tales B.Piers the Plowman C.Sir Gawain and the Green Knight D.Beowulf 3. ____was the most famous for The Canterbury Tales. A.Geoffrey Chaucer B.John Milton C.William Shakespeare D.Francis Bacon 4. Most of the ballads of the 5th century focused on the legend about ____ as a heroic figure. A.Green Nights B.Gawain C.Robin Hood D.Hamlet 5.In the 16th century, Thomas More’s work ____became immediately popular after its publication. A.Paradise Lost B.A Pleasant Satire of the Three Estates C.Of Beauty D.Utopia 6. ____was Edmund Spencer’s masterpiece which has been regarded as one of the great poems in the English language.

A.Amoretti B.The Shepherd’s Calendar C.The Faerie Queen D.Four Hymns 7. ____ is from Shakespeare’s sonnet No.18. A “Let me not to the marriage of true minds” B “To be or not to be: that is the question” C “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day” D “No longer mourn for me when I am dead” 8. The vivid portrayal of ____ by Shakespeare in Henry IV has earn for him an enviable place in the history of English literature. A.Julius Caesar B.Falstaff C.Hamlet D.King Henry 9.The four great tragedies written by Shakespeare are Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello and ____. A. Antony and Cleopatra B. Julius Caesar C.Twelfth Night D.King Lear 10. Which of the following does not belong to Shakespeare’s romantic love comedies? A.Twelfth Night B.The Tempest C.As You Like It D The Merchant of Venice 练习题答案及题解: 1.D 《贝奥武夫》是英国一部著名的英国史诗,用古英语写成。 2.C 《高文爵士和绿衣》以亚瑟王和他的骑士为题材,歌颂勇敢、忠贞、美德,是中古英语 传奇文学最优秀的作品之一。 3. Chaucer 被誉为“英国诗歌之父”,他的代表作是《坎特伯雷故事集》 ,它是以本土文学为主 流的英国书面文学历史开始的重要标志。 4.C 英国 15 十几民谣大部分是关于流传于英国民间家喻户晓的传奇人物罗宾汉和他的伙伴 们的故事。民谣中的罗宾汉是一个仗义疏财,劫富济贫的绿林好汉。 5.D 托马斯.莫尔是英国重要的早期人文主义者。他的著作《乌托邦》勾画出了一个社会平 等,财产共有,人民和谐相处的理想大同国。 6. C 长诗 《仙后》 是英国杰出诗人 Edmund Spencer 的杰作, 它是英国诗歌创作的典范。 Spencer 在《仙后》一诗中创造了著名的“斯宾塞诗体”,其影响深远。 7.C “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day”源自莎士比亚著名的第十八首诗。 8.B 喜剧人物福斯坦福是莎士比亚在《亨利四世》中创造的一个为百姓喜闻乐见的不朽的艺 术形象。福斯坦福是个 50 多岁的破落骑士,爱冒险又胆怯,喜欢吹牛又贪婪,说谎欺诈, 浑水摸鱼,无所不能。同时他生性幽默,喜剧情节和笑料通过他的所言所行妙趣横生。 9.D 莎士比亚的四大悲剧一般指:Hamlet,Macbeth,Othello 以及 King Lear。 10.B The Tempest 是莎士比亚后期一部浪漫主义传奇剧, 莎士比亚在创作中坚持人文主义理 想,以宽恕仁爱为主要精神,期创作风格添加了不少浓郁的浪漫空幻色彩。 专八辅导 1."Gold Rush" was vividly depicted in ____ novels. A.Hemingway’s B.Mark Twain’s C.Henry Jame’s D.Faulkner’s 2.The period of Old English literatue refers to ____ A.449-1066 B.14thcentury - mid 17th century C.14th century- mid 18th century D.16th century- mid 18th century 3.The great transcendental work by Henry David Thoreau is ____ A.Nature B.Walden C.Experience D.Essays 4.____has been entitled the "Father of American Poetry". A.Philip Freneau B.Ralph Waldo Emerson C William Cullen Bryant D Walt Whitman

5. The emotional effect and social significance made ____ the first well-known sociological novel in American Literature. A The Sun Also Rises B Uncle Tom’s Cabin C The Old Man and The Sea D Sister Carrie 6. Stephen Crane is famous for ____ A An American Tragedy B The Ambassadors C Main Street D The Red Badge of Courage 7.Which of the following is NOT true for Benjamin Franklin? A He was a famous writer B He was a member to draft the Declaration of Independence C He was a great scientist D He was once elected American President 8. Whitman’s poems are characterized by all the following features EXCEPT____ A. a strict poetic form B.a simple and conversational language C a free and natural rhythmic pattern D an easy flow of feelings 9.American fiction in the 1960s is retered to as ____ A imagism B black humor C new fiction D the Beat Generation 10.William Faukener is the author of ____ A Far From the Madding Crowd B Sound and Fury C For Whom the Bell Tolls D Scarlet Letter 练习题答案及题解: 1.B 马克吐温的很多短篇小说对 Gold Rush(淘金)进行了很形象的描绘。 2.A Anglo-Saxons 所说的语言被称为古英语,Anglo-Saxons 是在五世纪中侵入英国领土的, 直到 1066 年诺曼公爵政府英格兰,建立诺曼底王朝,才代替了 Anglo-Saxons。 3.B 瓦尔登湖是梭罗最杰出的超验主义作品。 4.A Philip Freneau(1752--1832)被称为“美国诗歌之父”。著有:The wild Honey Suckle;To The Memory of Brave Americans。 5.B 汤姆叔叔家的小屋是美国文学史上第一部揭示黑人被虐待,宣扬反奴隶制度的小说,激 发了社会各界人士的感情,是一部社会性质很强的小说。 6.D The Red Badge of Courage《红色英勇勋章》是 Stephen Grane 的代表作。 7.D Benjamin Franklin 是伟大的作家,科学家,还是美国独立宣言的撰写人之一,但是未曾 担任过美国总统。 8.A Whitman 主张自由诗体,认为诗歌不应该收到格律约束。他的代表作《草叶集》标志着 真正意义上美国诗歌的诞生。 9.B 黑色幽默是二十世纪六十年代盛行的小说类型,用幽默的手法来揭示可悲的现实。 10.B Far From the Madding Crowd 为 托马斯哈代的作品;For Whom the Bell Tolls 为海明威 的作品;Scarlet Letter 为霍桑的作品。 转贴于:TEM 考试_考试大 专八辅导 1 As a philosophical and literary moment, _____ flourished in New England from the 1830s to the Civil War. A.modernism B.rationalism C.sentimentalism D.transcendentalism 2 Poe’s first collection of stories is _____. A.Tales of Traveler B. Leather Stocking Tales C. Canterbury Tales D. Tales of the Goteque and Arabesque

3 Which book is not written by Emerson? A. The American Scholar B.Self-Reliance C. Nature D Civil Disobedience 4 The finest example of Hawthorn’s symbolism is the recreation of Puritan Boston in ___ A The Scarlet Letter B.Young Goodman Brown C The Marble Fawn D.The Ambitious Guest 5 The chief spokesman of New England Transcendentalism is _____. A.Nathaniel Hawthorn B.Ralph Waldo Emerson C.Henry David Thoreau D.Washington Irving 6 Transcendentalists recognized _____ as the “highest power of the soul”. A.intuition B.logic C.data of senses D.thinking 7 Which is regarded as the “Declaration of Intellectual Independence”? A The American Scholar B English Traits C The Conduct of Life D Representative Men 8 American literature produced only one female poet during the nineteenth century. This was _____. A.Anne Bradstreet B.Jane Austin C.Emily Dickinson D.Harriet Beecher 9 Captain, My Captain is written for _____. A.Lincoln B.Whitman C.Washington D.Hemingway 10 _____ is not written by Washington Irving. A.The Sketch Book B.Rip Van Winkle C.The Legend of Sleep Hollow D.The Autobiography 练习题答案及题解: 1 D, 从 19 世纪 30 年代到内战期间的主要文学流派是超验主义,以爱默生为代表。 2 D, 坡的第一部故事集是《怪诞奇异故事集》 。 3 D, 《论市民之不服从》是梭罗的作品。其他全为爱默生的作品。 4 A, 霍桑作品中的象征主义手法主要体现在他的著作《红字》中。 5 B, 超验主义以爱默生为代表。 6 A, 超验主义认为人类精神的最高力量存在于人的直觉中。 7 A, 被称为“美国精神独立宣言”的是爱默生的《美国学者》 。书中表达了美国人追求自己的 文化独立以及文学独立身份的要求。 8 C, 19 世纪美国的杰出女诗人是艾米莉?迪金森(1830—1886) 。 9 A, 《阿,船长啊,我的船长! 》是惠特曼为纪念林肯总统而作的。 10 D, 《见闻札记》《睡谷的传说》《瑞普?凡?温克尔》都是华盛顿?欧文的作品,但是《自 、 、 传》是本杰明?富兰克林的作品。

专八辅导 1 Which poem is not written by Freneau? A.The British Prison Ship B.The Wild Honey Suckle C.The Indian Burying Ground D.The Flood of Years 2.Thomas Jefferson’s attitude,that is, a firm belief in progress, and the pursuit of happiness, is typical of the period we now call _____. A.Age of Evolution B.Age of Reason C.Age of Romanticism D.Age of Regionalism 3 Which of the following is NOT one part of the Leather Stocking Tales by Cooper?

A.The Spy B.The Pathfinder C.The Pioneers D.The Deerslayer 4 Which statement about Thoreau is NOT right? A.He was a lover of nature. B. He was particular kind of romantic. C. He was polemicist. D. He was a thorough transcendentalist. 5 Which of the following has been called “the manifesto of American Transcendentalism” ? A.Divinity School Address B.Self-reliance C.Nature D.The American Scholar 6.As a philosophical and literary movement,_____ flourished in New England from the 1830s to the Civil War. A.sentimentalism B.transcendentalism C.modernism D.rationalism 7 The period before the American Civil War is generally referred to as _____. A.the Modern Period B.the Realistic Period C.the Romantic Period D. the Naturalist Period 8 All the following are the works by Nathaniel Hawthorne EXCEPT _____. A.The Marble Faun B.Typee C.The Scarlet Letter D.Mosses from an Old Manse 9 Which of the following is not a work of Emily Dickson’s? A.I Heard a Fly Buzz when I Died. B.The Raven C.This is My Letter to the World. D.I Like to See it Lap the Miles. 10 Whitman’s poems are characterized by all the following features EXCEPT ____. A the strict poetic form B the free and natural rhythm C the easy flow of feelings D the simple and conversational language 1 D, 《似水流年》是布莱恩特的作品。其他全为弗伦诺的作品。 2 B, “理性时代”。 3 A, The Spy 不属于《皮靴子》系列。 4 C, 梭罗崇尚自然生活简单,与世无争,不入尘嚣。 5 C, 超验主义的宣言是 Nature 一书的发表。 6 B, 19 世纪 30 年代到内战期间是超验主义,以爱默生等为代表。 7 C, 内战前是浪漫主义。 8 B, Typee 是 Herman Melville 的作品,其他全为霍桑的。 9 B, The Raven 《大乌鸦》是艾伦?坡的作品。其他全为艾米莉的。 10 A, 惠特曼的诗自由、清新、琅琅上口、易于理解,但并不是按照严格的格律来写 专八辅导 英国内战(1642-1646) 1.On August 22, 1642, the First Civil War began. The king’s men were called Cavaliers, and the supporters of Parliament were called Roundheads. 1642.8.22,第一次内战爆发,支持国王者被成为“骑士派”,支持议会者被成为“圆颅派”。 2.Charles was tried by a High Court of Justice, found guilty of have levied war against his kingdom and the Parliament, condemned to death, and executed on a scaffold outside the Banqueting House at Whitehall on January 30, 1649. 查尔斯在一级高级法院受审,犯有对王国和议会发动战争之罪,被判死刑,并于 1649.1.30 在宴会宫窗外的绞刑架上绞死。

1.____is the core of the English Government. A.the Sovereign B.the House of Lords C.the House of Commons D.the Cabinet 2. Melbourne is located ____ A. in Canada B.in New Zealand C.in Ireland D.in Australia 3. ____forced Nixon to resign in 1973. A.The Watergate Scandal B.The Iran-Gate Scandal C.The Un-American Activities Committee D.The New Right 4. The young people in the post-WWI era are referred to as “_____” A.the Boom Generation B.the Lost Generation C.the Yuppies D. the Cowboys 5. ____was greatly influenced by Chinese and Japanese poetry. A.Ezra Pound B.Walt Whitman C.Robert Frost D.Edgar Allan Poe 6. Which of the following novels was NOT written by Charles Dickens? A.David Copperfield B.The Pickwick Papers C.Oliver Twist D.Women in Love 7. A myth is a ____ tale originally with religious significance that explains the actions of gods or heroes, the causes of natural phenomena or both. A.non-fictional B.fictional C.gothic D.poetic 8. The force of a/an ____ act is identical with the speaker’s intention. A illocutionary B locutionary C perlocutionary D prelocutionary 9.Saussure distinguishes the linguistic competence of the speaker as ____ A.parole B.language Csystem Dlangue 10. The noun “tear” and the verb “tear” are ____ A.homophones B.homographs C.complete homonyms D allophones 答案 DDABA DBADB


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