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【人教版选修七】unit 2 词汇学习


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人教版选修七 unit2 词汇学习
适用学科 适用区域 知识点 教学目标
高中英语 全国使用人教版的地区

适用年级

高中二年级

课时时长 (分钟) 60

1、 掌握 unit 2 的基础词汇的意义、短语 知识:1、掌握词汇的基本用法。 2、能准确使用新词汇的短语运用。 方法:1、要总结、熟记词汇的重要的用法;要学会在实际中灵活运用。 能力:1、能正确运用各类词汇。 2、掌握并会运用词汇的用法。

教学重点 教学难点

1、词汇基础意义的学习; 词汇的扩展短语的学习

教学过程
一、复习预习
教师引导学生复习上节课所学的知识, (以提问、回顾的形式进行) ,针对上节课的作业进 行讲评、 订正、 答疑, 并通过对疑问代词具体用法的分析和扩展导入本节课所要学习的内容。

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二、知识讲解
知识点 1:desire 1. desire n. 渴望 vt. 想要 常用结构: desire sth. 渴望得到某物

desire to do sth. 希望/渴望做某事 desire that sb. (should) do 要求…… have a desire for sth./to do sth. at one’s desire 渴望得到某物/希望做某事

照某人的希望

We all desire happiness and health.我们都希望幸福健康。 Everyone has a desire for success, but not everyone desires to get rich. 每个人都渴望成功,但并非人人都渴望金钱。 He desires you to go to see him at once. =He desires that you should go to see him at once. 他要求你马上去见他。

翻译句子 ①他想接受大学教育。 ②他们要我快点回来。 ③我请他立即回信。 ④她要你立即见她。 ⑤她应邀演奏了一曲。 解析:①He desired a college education. ②They desire me to return soon. ③I desire an immediate answer of his. ④She desires that you (should) see her at once. ⑤She played a piece at others’ desire/by desire.

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知识点 2:alarm alarm n.警报 vt. 使……惊恐 We were much alarmed by the fire in the forest. 森林失火使我们大为惊慌。 常用结构: give /raise the alarm 发警报 ring the alarm sound the alarm 敲警钟 发警报; 吹警报号

take (the) alarm at 对……感到吃惊; 因……而惊恐 be alarmed at ... 被……吓一跳

As soon as he saw the smoke, he sounded the alarm. 一看见烟雾,他就鸣响了警报。

翻译句子 ① 看到孩子们在返校时遭遇车祸的消息,家长们很害怕。 The parents took (the) alarm at the news that their children caught a traffic accident when returning the school. ② 看到大火,社区的居民发出警报。 The residents in the community raised the alarm when seeing the great fire.

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知识点 3:envy envy n.& vt. 妒忌;羡慕 常用结构: envy sb. doing/for sth. with envy 忌妒或羡慕某人做某事

羡慕地;忌妒地 是令人羡慕/忌妒的事物 出于妒忌

be the envy of out of envy

I envy you having such a good friend! 我羡慕你有这么一位好朋友! They looked at her new car with envy. 他们羡慕地看着她的新车。 He was filled with envy of me at my success. 他十分羡慕我的成功。 They only say such unkind things about you out of envy. 他们纯粹出于忌妒才说你这些坏话。

联想拓展 envious adj. 羡慕的; 妒忌的 be envious of 妒忌……;羡慕……

翻译句子 ①她出于忌妒说了关于你的这些话。 ②汤姆妒忌他哥哥事业上的成功。 答案:①She said these words about you out of envy. ②Tom was envious of his brother’s success in business.

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知识点 4:accompany accompany vt. 陪伴 常用结构: accompany sb. to a place 陪伴某人去某地 accompany sth. with/by sth. 与……同时存在 He accompanied his old father to the hospital to see what’s wrong with his stomach. 他陪他的老父亲去医院查看胃部出了什么问题。 Thunders accompanied by heavy rain in this season are very common. 这个季节,雷鸣常常伴有大雨。

翻译句子 ① 总统出现了,被六个健壮的保镖护随着。 ② 回到家乡,他的老同学们陪着他参观了这个城市。 答案:①The president appeared and was accompanied by six strong bodyguards. ②When returning hometown, he was shown around the city accompanied by his old classmates.

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知识点 5:satisfaction satisfaction n.满意

[重点用法] satisfactory n. 满意的, satisfy v. 满足, 使满意, demand satisfaction 要求赔偿; feel satisfaction at ... 对感到满意 find satisfaction in 对...感到满意 to sb.'s satisfaction (to the satisfaction of sb.)达到使某人满意的程度 with satisfaction 满意地

[典例] 1) At last, the whole class found satisfaction in their work.最终,全班都对他们的工作感到满意。 2) What he promised could not satisfy his family.他的许诺并未能使他的家人满意。

[练习] 汉译英 1) 买到想要的东西,她满意地离开了超市。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2) 他的试验结果似乎令人满意。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 3) 这些条件中你至少要符合一项,否则就不能成为本俱乐部的会员。 _______________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) Having bought what she wanted, she left the supermarket with satisfaction. 2) The result of his test seemed to be satisfactory. 3)If you don’t satisfy at least one of the conditions, you can’t become a member of our club.

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知识点 6:sympathy sympathy [重点用法] feel /have sympathy for 同情某人 in sympathy with 同情; 赞成; 和...一致 out of sympathy with 对...不同情; 不赞成; 对...没有同感, 和...不一致 win sympathy of 博得...的同情 n.同情

[典例] 1) He gave the poor child some money out of sympathy. 出于同情,他给了这个穷孩子一点钱。 2) He is in sympathy with their beliefs. 他与他们的信仰一致.

[练习] 汉译英 1) 听完这个故事,他对她目前的情况深感同情。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2) 通过描述他悲惨的童年,他赢得路人的同情。 _______________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1)After hearing the story, he felt sympathy for her present situation. 2) He won the sympathy of passers-by by describing his miserable childhood.

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三、例题精析 【例题 1】
The old man ________ his sons and daughters ________ and see him from time to time. A.suggested;to come C.desired;coming B.hoped;to come D.desired;to come

【答案】 :D 【解析】 :desire sb.to do sth.意为“希望某人做某事”。句意为:这个老人希望他的儿子和女儿 时不时地来看看他。suggest 和 hope 后不能跟 sb. to do sth.,故 A、B 项错误。

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【例题 2】
He insisted that he ________ nothing wrong and strongly desired he ________ free. A.did;set C.should do;be set B.had done;should be set D.had done;must be set

【答案】 :B 【解析】 :当 insist 意为“坚持说”时,其后的宾语从句不用虚拟语气。第二空 desire 后跟从 句要用虚拟语气即谓语动词用(should) do 形式。

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【例题 3】
The jewelry shop is reported in the local newspaper ______ last night. A.to have robbed C.having been robbed B.to have been robbed D.to be robbed

【答案】 :B 【解析】 :考查“sb./sth.+be+过去分词+to do 结构”。不定式的动作发生在谓语动词之前, 用不定式的完成式,句子主语与 rob 之间是被动关系,故选 B。

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四、课堂运用 【基础】
1. However, some enjoy e____ other people with private questions. 2. She insisted on a____ the professor to the airport 3. He has a d___ for knowledge 4. The young actress has a t____ for singing as well as acting 5. Tom was a____ from the meeting yesterday afternoon

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【巩固】
6. The government passed a law that d____ it illegal to catch and kill this kind of animals. 7. All the workmates e___ her for her promotion. 8. He gave the poor children some money out of s____ 9. We must take f____ measure to solve the problem. 10. Everything went on well after they s____ away all the difficulties.

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【拔高】
完成句子 1.你不能对他的承诺太当真,他从不遵守诺言 You can not __________ his promise __________ because he never keep his word 2.你迟到的原因是什么 What is your ___________ ___________being late? 3.起关键的不是你来自哪里,而是你的工作能力 ____________ is not where you come from but the ability to do the job __________ matters 4.凯特不只是作家,更准确来讲,她是位工人作家 Kate is __________ __________ a writer, ___________ ___________ she is a worker and writer 5.他的朋友都羡慕他的新工作和好运气 His friends all __________ him ____________ his new job as well as his good fortune.

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答案及解析 1.excepting。根据句子意思,应该填期盼。 enjoy doing sth, 所以填 excepting。 2.accompanying。insist on doing,根据句子意思,他坚持陪同教授去机场。 3.desire. 句子意思,他有求知欲,所以填 desire。 4.Talent,根据句子意思,年轻的女演员具有唱歌和表演天赋。 5.alarmed,根据句子意思,汤姆在昨天的宴会上受到了惊吓。 6. declared。 7. envy,根据句子意思,所有的工友都嫉妒她的升职。 8. sympathy 根据句子意思,出于同情,他给了那个小女孩一些钱。 9. full,根据句子意思,我们必须采取所有措施解决问题。 10. solve,根据句子意思,事情在他们解决了所有困难后进行的很顺利。

完成句子 1.think, true 2.reason for. 根据句子意思,你迟到的原因是什么 3.It, that. 强调句结构,根据句子意思,起关键的不是你来自哪里,而是你的工作能力 4.Not only, but also。根据句子意思,凯特不只是作家,更准确来讲,她是位工人作家 5.envy, for 根据句子意思,他的朋友都羡慕他的新工作和好运气

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课程小结
本节课主要学习本单元的重点词组和词汇拓展的用法。 因此, 同学在做题时要结合语境来分 析题目,灵活地运用。

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课后作业
【基础】
1. This room was _________ for the children. A. described B. projected C. designed D. draw

2. The tall building is _________ . A. a good design B. good designed C. of good design D. to be good designed

3. What do you _______ me to do? A. plan B. desire C. make D. hope

4. The president desires that you _________ him next week. A. visit B. will visit C. to visit D. visiting

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【巩固】
5. She was absent ______ school _________ a cold. A. from; for B. for; from C. from; with D. in; for

6. He had a(n) ________ look on his face. A. absence B. absent C. puzzling D. surprising

7. The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people ________ to eat more fruit and vegetables. A. persuaded B. will persuade C. are persuaded D. persuade

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【拔高】
8. I _____ some sympathy ____that point of view. A. had; with B. had; at C. gave; with D. showed; at

9. As he _______ , he was surprised to see that the man had disappeared. A. turned against B. turned in C. turned around D. turned up

10. It _______ that two travelers had been killed.

A. turned around C. turned out

B. turned away D. turned up

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答案及解析 1. C。be desired for somebody. 2. C。be of adj. 具有某种属性。 3. D. hope somebody to do something。故选 D。 4.A.本题考查考查宾语从句 desire that 主语(should) do。 5. B 本题考查介词。Absent from school, for 表示因为,表原因。 6. C. a puzzled look。 7. C. 本题考查主将从现。而且是被动。所以选 C。 8. B. have some sympathy at something。 9. C. 根据句子意思,他转过身,用 turn around。 10. C. 考查句子意思,证明用 turn out.


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