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高考英语写作点线面训练


高分英语作文"点线面"训练素材
英语作文得高分不难! 无论全国试卷还是省 (市) 的高考英语作文试题多么"花 哨", 其实只考察三个方面:1)表达准确;2)句子结构美观;3)行文逻辑连贯. 说通俗点,要确保高考作文的高分,就是要做好"点线面"的文章. 训练方法: 1)训练用基本词汇准确表达思想;(采点) 2)训练把短句拼成长句,并能够美化句子结构;(连线) 3)训练运用常用的几个"连接词"实现"行文连贯".(整体感) 第一, 要做到用简单字词表达试题给出的中文或所列要点. 训练方案:先给你中文信息,要求你用英文表达出来. eg. 1.) "这只狗缺条腿". → The dog has three legs. → The dog had only three legs. → The dog had only three short legs. eg. 2.) "北京很吸引/迷人" → Beijing is so beautiful that many people come here → Beijing is so beautiful that many people come here every year. → Beijing is so beautiful that thousands of people come here every year. → Beijing is so beautiful that thousands of people come here every year from all around the world. → Beijing is so beautiful that thousands of people, no matter young or old, men or women, come here every year from all around the world." 第二,要能够把短句拼成长句,能够美化句子的结构. 训练方案:在你写的句子的基础上,启发你通过简单变换化"腐朽为神奇",写

出高考满分句式. eg. 3.) I enjoy meeting new people and helping others at school → At school, I enjoy meeting new people and helping others. eg. 4.) If I have time, I will take you to my school → I will, if I have time, take you to my school. eg. 5.) There are many nice photographs on the walls of my room. I took these photographs last weekend. → On the walls of my room there are many nice photographs. → On the walls of my room there are many nice photographs I took last weekend. eg. 6.) My brother is a college student, and my brother is glad to help others. → My brother who is a college student is glad to help others. → My brother, who is a college student, is glad to help others. → My brother, a college student, is glad to help others. 第三,建立你的"行文连贯"意识,让你明白英语句子前后是有逻辑关系的,这 种逻辑关系需要"连接词"来表现,这样才能满足试题"行文连贯"的要求. 如何使用恰当的过渡词/连接词?过渡词犹如"桥梁"和"黏合剂",恰当地使 用过渡词可以避免结构松散,层次不明,表达不清等弊端,可使句与句之间结构紧 凑,段落结构过渡自然.现归纳如下: 1.表递进:and; then ; besides; what's more; when; furthermore; moreover ;again 等 2.表转折:but; however; though; or; or else; otherwise ; on the contrary; while; after all 等 3.表总结:finally; at last; in brief; in a word; in all; generally speaking 等 4.表描述:for example; for instance; actually; in fact; in other words 等 5. 表推理:as a result; therefore; thus; on account of 等 6. 表强调:indeed; certainly; surely; above all 等

7. 表对比: the same way; similarly; just as; on the one hand , on the other hand; in instead 等 8. 表目的:for this reason; for the purpose of; so as to; so that 等 逻辑角度 时间顺序 空间顺序 in front of, at the back of, next to 对称 因果 条件 让步 when, where)ever 递进 过渡性插 I think, I'm afraid, you know, As we all know 入语 用过渡词完成下列句子 1. I'm too busy to go for a walk; 2. The house isn't big enough for us; 3. He hasn't finished the work ; 4. He has finished. 5. carefully. 6. , I wish to thank you all for coming to the meeting. , he has gone abroad. won it. , it's too late. , it's too far from the town.. , he is only sixteen. what's more, besides, to make matters worse, what's worse for one thing, for another thing; on one hand, on the other hand because, since, as, thanks to, as a result (of) as long as, so long as, on condition that, if, unless though, as, even if/though, whether, who (what, 合适的过渡性词汇 first, second, then, finally/at last , soon, immediately, suddenly here, there, on one side…on the other side,

, I have not yet begun. , if we want to do our work well, we must make preparations

7. He is not here;

8. He not only ran in the race; he 9. He was busy;

he could not come.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

He was The results are It was

a remarkable painter. satisfactory.

you described. .

He didn't go to the cinema. He watched TV at home only, we decided to leave. there would be more room for others.

15. We left

怎样丰富你的表达?请试一试 1. To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things.(使用名词性从句)

2. Though I'm weak, I'll make the effort. (使用倒装句)

3. He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper.(使用强调句型)

4. I passed the physics exam because of your help.(用虚拟语气)

5. She walked out of the lab and many students followed her. (使用过去分词)

6. They sang and laughed as they went back to school.( 使用 V-ing 形式)

7. I won't believe what he says. (使用状语从句)

8. If you study hard, you will make rapid progress. (用并列句)

9.He had no sooner come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad. (使用倒装 句)

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