2015-2016 学年山东省烟台市第二中学高二下学期开学考试英语试题 (word 版)
第 I 卷(共 100 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标 在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒
钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段 对话仅读一遍。 1. What is Linda? A. A writer. B. A student. C. A teacher. 2. What is the man afraid of? A. Saying something wrong. B. Missing the interview. C. Having an accident. 3. What does the woman want to do? A. To buy another jacket. B. To change a jacket. C. To return a jacket. 4. Why does the man feel upset? A. Someone said he was ugly. B. He found his clothes ugly. C. A guy stole his clothes. 5. What does the woman mean? A. She wants her son to use a new key. B. She feels very sorry for her son. C. She disbelieves her son. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Why isn't Jenny at the store? A. She left work early. B. She's late for work. 7. How does the man feel about Jenny? A. Concerned. B. Curious.
C. She's been out of work. C. Angry.
听下面一段对话，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What is lying on the railway tracks? A. A rock. B. A man. C. A trunk. 9. What are the speakers about to do? A. To find something red. B. To wave the T-shirt.
C. To move the rock.
听下面一段对话，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What does the man want to talk about? A. Lucy's work performance. B. Lucy's school education. C. Lucy's poor health.
11. What did the customer at Table 4 do that annoyed Lucy? A. He ordered the special offer. B. He made a complaint. C. He praised her. 12. Why is Lucy in low spirits? A. She hasn't become a good waitress. B. She hasn't realized her dream. C. She hasn't made a plan. 听下面一段对话，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. How does the woman think Mark feels? A. Frightened. B. Unhappy. C. Anxious. 14. What was Catherine doing when the speakers got home? A. Chatting with the operator. B. Playing with her friends. C. Reading her books. 15. What does the woman want to ensure? A. Mark can apply what he's learned. B. Mark can help people in need. C. Mark can pass the exam. 16. What will the speakers do for Mark? A. Write down their own experiences. B. Create an unexpected situation. C. Keep a record of his reactions. 听下面一段对话，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. When did the magician first perform professionally? A. In 1972. B. In 1968. C. In 1964. 18. What made the magician world famous? A. His teaching job. B. His global tours. C. His TV show. 19. Which does the magician think is his greatest achievement? A. Project Magic. B. Box office records. C. The Magic of ABC. 20. How is the magician different from other magicians? A. He started his career early. B. He believes in wonder. C. He practices hard. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B，C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并标在题卡上将该项涂 黑． A I was born an albino(白化病人) in Pennsylvania in 1945. No one in my family had ever known what an albino was and what it meant to be albino. My family and friends treated me like everybody else. That was just about the best thing they could have done. It helped me trust myself, so when troubles came along, I could deal with them. Like most albinos, I had terrible eyesight, but the fact that I could hardly see didn’t trouble me that much. Kids would tease me, calling me “Whitey”. People stared at me when I held reading material right at the tip(尖) of my nose so that I could see it well enough. Even when I was eight, movie-theater clerks started asking me to pay full price because I “looked older.”
The worst part for me was that because my eyesight was so bad, I couldn’t play sports very well. I didn’t give up trying, though. I shot hoops(篮球框) every day. And I studied harder. Eventually, I got better at school and loved it. By the time I got to college, I was double majoring(专 业), going to summer school and busying myself with every activity I could find. I had learned to be proud of being an albino. I did my best to make “albino” a positive word. And I decided to make my living with my eyes—and in sports. I couldn’t see very well to play sports, but with a solid education and a drive to do it, I could make a living involved in the area I loved. I’ve done it now for over thirty years in print and in video, and now in cyberspace （网络空间） . People make jokes about how I’m the only “blind editor” they know, but the jokes are affectionate. Some of them are the signs of respect. I was just a(an) proud albino kid from the coal country of Pennsylvania. I now realize that being born an albino helped me to overcome difficulties, gain confidence and be proud of my personal achievement. 21. According to the author, _____ helped him a lot in dealing with troubles. A. the special care from his family and friends B. the sympathy from the pupils C. the equal way his family and friends treated him D. his education in school 22. All the following are the signs of being an albino for the author EXCEPT _____ A. abnormally white skin B. poor eyesight C. an older appearance D. being unable to play sports 23. The author’s good education and strong motivation made him successful as a(an)_____ A. sports editor B. Disc Jockey(DJ) C. printer D. IT engineer 24. we can infer from the passage that ______ A. the author’s poor eyesight made him very upset B. the author finally did well in playing sports after years of practice C. many people laugh at the author because he attempts to do more than he can D. the author holds an optimistic attitude towards his illness. B Sit down, close your eyes and relax. Think about your childhood and the memories you created. What was your favorite childhood memory and what was your favorite as a child? Or what your favorite Christmas present or your favorite candy bar when growing up? Answers may come easily for some people but for others，it may take more time to think about. Mary Jo McCarthy of Pequot Lakes wants to help others document their childhood memories which could be treasured by current families and for generations to come. McCarthy, 64, a short story author and retired columnist( 专栏作家 )for the Lake Country Echo weekly newspaper, began hosting a writing seminar(研讨班)titled“A Time to Remember”.The classes are limited to 12 people and are conducted in the nursery at Lutheran Church of the Cross in Nisswa and the registration fee is $25. McCarthy said what led her to start the writing seminars was writing others’ biographies. A retired businessman asked her to write his biography as a ghost writer. She said others from her church in Pequot Lakes had also asked her to write their biographies because they didn’t know how to write them. She thought hosting a class to help people write their own biographies would be more beneficial to them. McCarthy said people had busy lifestyles those days and didn’t have a chance to sit down and write down their memories that they might forget and never remember. She said writing down the memories
would document the person’s life，other family members, and especially, future generations would be able to read about them. 25. In paragraph l the author raises some questions to________ A. introduce the topic of the text B. express his/her puzzle about memories C. give some examples for readers about biographies D. provide background details for readers about the retired columnist 26. What can we learn about McCarthy? A. She was strict with her students B. She didn’t take charge of seminars C. She got support from the local government D. She once worked as a columnist in a newspaper． 27. It can be inferred from the passage that__________． A. writing biographies is an easy job B. a biography is part of family history C. McCarthy had her own biographies published D. fewer and fewer people feel interested in biographies 28. The passage is mainly intended to________. A. show how to write biographies B. help people communicate with their families C. call on people to write their own biographies D. introduce McCarthy and her writing seminars C One night recently, I was driving down a two-lane highway at about 60 miles an hour. A car approached from the opposite direction at about the same speed. As we passed each other, I caught the other driver’s eye for only a second. I wondered whether he might be thinking as I was. How dependent we were on each other at that moment. I was relying on him not to fall asleep, not to be put off by a phone conversation, not to cross over into my lane and bring my life to a sudden end. Though we had never spoken a word to each other，he relied on me in just the same way. Multiplied a million times over, I believe that is the way the world works. At some level，we all depend on one another. Sometimes that dependence requires us simply not to do something like crossing over the double yellow line. And sometimes it requires us to act cooperatively, with friends or even with strangers. As technology shrinks our world, the need increases for cooperative action among nations. In 2003, doctors in five nations were quickly organized to identify the SARS virus, which saved thousands of lives. The threat of international terrorism has shown itself to be a similar problem, one requiring team action by police and intelligence forces across the world. We must recognize that our fates are not ours alone to control. In my own life, I’ve put great stock in personal responsibility. But, as time has passed, I’ve also come to believe that there are moments when one must rely upon the good faith and judgment of others. So, while each of us faces the case of driving alone down a dark road, what we must learn is that the approaching light may not be a threat, but a shared moment of trust. 29. Why did the author say they depended on each other in the same way? A. Because the approaching car was very dangerous B. Because they both drove their car at a terrific speed
C. Because he might be killed out of the other ’s careless driving D. Because it was dark and the road was not wide enough 30. The author considers it very important_____________ A. to drive with a company B. to have personal independence C. to gain certain responsibility D. to share trust and cooperation 31. From the second paragraph we know the author drew the important lesson from_______ A. only one experience B. many similar experiences C. a driver on a dark road D. many friends and strangers 32. What do the underlined words“put great stock in”in the last paragraph most probably mean? A. to have little trust in B. to feel good about C. to lose faith in D. to have belief in D Research shows Dad, not Mum, is the big risk factor for childhood obesity. A recent study has found having an overweight father quadruples (四倍) a child’s chance of being overweight，ever if they have a mother of normal weight. Interestingly, the opposite scenario(情景) doesn’t have the same result. So if the mother is overweight but the father is of normal weight the child’s risk of being overweight is not significantly raised. The research was undertaken by researchers at the University Of Newcastle who examined more than 3,000 two-parent families over a four-year period. Researchers measured the children’s change of weight from about four to five years of age to when they were eight or nine. Dr. Emily Freeman，a researcher in the University of Newcastle Family Action Center, says, “While it is early days in terms of this type of research， the results of the study are very exciting. It is really important that we’ve found the link between Dads and their children, because lots of researchers tend to focus on mothers and children.” She adds. “We have had lots of stories of Dads refusing to eat vegetables，and then the kids don’t eat them either.” She says further research is needed to understand the underlying reasons for the link. So what can fathers do to become better role models for their kids? “They should definitely be more aware of the different behaviors they are modeling to their kids；they need to demonstrate they are eating fruit and vegetables and get outside more,” says Freeman, who has been involved with Healthy Dads，Healthy Kids, an education program in the Hunter Valley in NSW, and has seen these actions bring encouraging results. 33. A recent research has found that___________ A. mother is the biggest risk factor for childhood obesity B. a fat dad has 400％ probability of making a child overweight C. parents have the same opportunity of making a child overweight D. childhood obesity is the result of not getting enough exercise 34. What is Dr. Freeman’s attitude towards the result of the research? A. Surprised B. Doubtful C. Worried D. Thrilled 35. This research is very believable and significant because it___________ A. concentrated on different groups of people B. showed mothers’ influence on their children C. made an interview with all the Families D. found the hidden reasons of obesity
第二节(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余选项． The jobs of the future have not yet been invented. 36 . By helping them develop classic skills that will serve them well no matter what the future holds. 1. Curiosity Your children need to be deeply curious. 37 . Ask kids, “What ingredients (配料)can we add to make these pancakes even better next time ?” and then try them out. Ingredients make the pancakes better? What could we try next time? 2. Creativity True creativity is the ability to take something existing and create something new. 38 . There are a dozen different things you can do with them. Experimenting with materials to create something new can go a long way in helping them develop their creativity. 3. Personal skills Understanding how others feel can be a challenge for kids. We know what’s going on inside our own head, but what about others? Being able to read people helps kid from misreading a situation and jumping to false conclusions. 39 . “Why do you think she’s crying?” “Can you tell how that man is feeling by looking at his face?” “If someone were to do that to you, how would you feel?” 4. Self Expression 40 . There are many ways to express thoughts and ideas —music, acting, drawing ， building, photography. You may find that your child is attracted by one more than another. A. Encourage kids to cook with you. B. And we can’t forget science education. C. We can give kids chances to think about materials in new ways. D. So how can we help our kids prepare for jobs that don’t yet exist? E. Gardening is another great activity for helping kids develop this skill. F. We can do this in real life or ask questions about characters in stories. G. Being able to communicate ideas in a meaningful way is a valuable skill. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，进出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Kidnappers are rarely interested in animals but they recently took considerable interests in Mrs Eleanor Ramsay’s cat. Mrs Eleanor Ramsay, a very wealthy but 41 old lady, has shared a flat with her cat, Rastus, for a great many years. Rastus leads a(an) 42 life .He usually takes a short walk in the evenings and is always home by seven o’clock. One evening, however, he 43 to arrive. Mrs. Ramsay got very worried. She looked everywhere for him 44 could not find him. She was 45 a loss, for there was nobody 46 whom she could turn for help. Three days after Rastus’disappearance, Mrs. Ramsay received an anonymous letter. The writer 47 that Rastus was in safe 48 and would be returned immediately 49 Mrs. Ramsay paid a ransom of
$1 000. Mrs. Ramsay was 50 to place the money in a cardboard box and to leave it 51 her door. 52 , she decided to go to police, but 53 that she would never see Rastus again—the letter had made that quite clear—she changed her mind. She 54 the exact amount of money from her bank and followed the kidnapper ’s instructions. The next morning, the box had disappeared but Mrs. Ramsay was 55 that the kidnapper would keep his word. 56 , Rastus arrived punctually at seven o’clock that evening．He looked very 57 though he was rather thirsty, for he drank half a bottle of milk. The police were 58 when Mrs. Ramsay told them what she had done. She explained that Rastus was very dear to her, saying that she believed firmly the cat was 59 the money. 60 the amount she paid, the old lady thought he was dear in more ways than one! 41．A．lonely B．alone C．deserted D．isolated 42．A．usual B．normal C．ordinary D．orderly 43．A．missed B．lost C．failed D．disappointed 44．A．but B．and C．therefore D．so 45．A．in B．at C．For D．on 46．A．at B．for C．off D．to 47．A．explained B．stated C．thought D．argued 48．A．hands B．arms C．legs D．state 49．A．unless B．though C．if D．since 50．A．asked B．ordered C．commanded D．instructed 51．A．outside B．inside C．behind D．off 52．A．first of fall B．In all C．At first D．All in all 53．A．feared B．tearing C．doubling D．doubted 54．A．deposited B．withdrew C．placed D．set 55．A．doubtful B．afraid C．sure D．uncertain 56．A．Rather than B．Other than C．Or rather D．Sure enough 57．A．good B．bad C．ill D．well 58．A．excited B．puzzled C．shocked D．surprised 59．A．worthy B．worth C．worthwhile D．valuable 60．A．Considered B．Considering C．Thinking D．Thought 第 II 卷(非选择题，共 50 分) 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 l.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容(每空一词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix? In 1969, the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River Cleveland, Ohio. It __61____（be） unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it ____62____(actual)caught fire and burned. Now, ears later, this river is one of _63___most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup. But the river wasn’t changed in a few days __64____even a few months. It took years of work__65______(reduce ) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is___66_____(clean) than ever. Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you leave a habit __67___is driving your family
crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don’t know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation, don’t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately? While there are ___68_______(amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the___69____(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be 70 (patience). 筻四部分 (共三节；满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改怍文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加，删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。修 改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：l.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I was asked to deliver the speech before the whole class at the age of 9! I felt shy the moment I thought of that .Therefore, I had no choice but prepare for it. The real moment began when I stood on the platform with so many eyes fixed at me. My listener were waiting patiently. I gradual found myself back, giving my speech. My audience applauded at last, that meant I made it. Since then, my fear of talking before lots of people has been disappeared. The greatest difficulty on our way to success is your fear. Overcome it, or we will be able to achieve our goals.
七选五 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.
第二节 单词拼写(共 30 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 15 分) 1. Everybody knows that he is an 考号 yesterday evening. 2. The (平均的)age of the boys in this class in 17. (多种多样的)kinds of (杰出的)pianist, but he didn’t pay well in the solo concert
3. In our age, people depend more and more on computers to solve problems. 4. Western music is steadily gaining in 5. The problem 6. He 姓名 (值得)considering. (证实)that he could do arithmetic(算术)from his own experience. (流行).
7. The garden reflects the Qing Dynasties. 8.
(典型的)style of architecture of southern China in the Ming and
(比较)with what we have achieved in economy last year, we have a decrease this year. (无辜的)and released him.
9. The court found him
10. As we all know, traffic all.
(规则)are so important that everyone must obey it, no exception at
11. The problems facing the president are 12. I can only give you a 13. The book is 14. He
(粗略的)estimate of the cost. (打算)for children. It is interesting and funny.
(积累)a lot of experience in finance while working abroad. (完成)the task.
15. They have already a 16. A new
(方法)to teaching languages in adopted in our school. (和谐).
17. I do believe it is possible for different ethnic groups to live together in 18. We were delayed at the airport. 19. John and his brother have
(要不然), we would have been here by lunch time. (各种不同的)interests. (明显地), he was lying.
20. His face turned red when he told me the news; 21. 22. A 23. Don’t stop. 24. The Town Council spent a lot of money in interest. 25. The Song Dynasty 26. Potatoes turn green when 27. It is
(在……对面)our school, there is a professional school. (适应)to the tropical heat was more difficult that they had expected. (折叠)the book borrowed from the library, and you can put a bookmark where you
(保护)the old castle and other places of historic
(贡献)three great inventions to world civilization. (暴露)to light.
(估计)that more snow will come in the coming week. (不在). (全面的) medical exam. (意识)of environmental protection.
28. Please look after my house during my 29. Every year we should have a
30. We should take measures to raise people’s
第三节 短语运用 (共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分) 1. He likes ________ ________ while his wife likes staying at home.（到处走走） 2. To our surprise, your answer ________ ________ ________ hers.（与…相似） 3. I’m ________ ________ ________ the plan while he is against it. （支持） 4. She ________ ________ ________ at passing the exam, but failed. （尝试） 5. I ________ it ________________ that you knew the fact.（认为…理所当然） 6. Meetings and phone calls ________ ________ a large part of the day. （占据） 7. You should have ________ ________ ________ the sign outside. （注意到） 8. I ________ ________ ________ how the machine works. （好奇）
9. In fact I don’t ________ ________ ________ him. （与…联系） 10. The novel ________ ________ ________ pre-war Germany. （以…为背景） 11. Don’t ________ ________ any excuse any more for your coming late. （编造） 12. Our class ________ ________ 52 students. （由…组成） 13. The job ________ ________ ________ ________ last month. （结束） 14. The number of primary school students in this area is ________ ________ ________. （在增长） 15. The murderer was caught ________ ________ ________. （当场） 16. You can use my car ________ ________ ________ you return it on time. （条件是） 17. They are ________ ________ better pay and better working conditions. （为…奋斗） 18. Her child is missing. It is ________ ________ that she is so upset. （难怪） 19. The hotel itself can accommodate 80 guests and ________ ________, there are several self-catering apartment. （另外） 20. People around the world should ________ ________ ________ the real situation of water shortage. （意识到）
语法填空 61. 65. 69. 短文改错 I was asked to deliver the speech before the whole class at the age of 9! I felt shy the moment I thought of that .Therefore, I had no choice but prepare for it. The real moment began when I stood on the platform with so many eyes fixed at me. My listener were waiting patiently. I gradual found myself back， giving my speech. My audience applauded at last, that meant I made it. Since then, my fear of talking before lots of people has been disappeared. The greatest difficulty on our way to success is your fear. Overcome it, or we will be able to achieve our goals. 62. 66. 70. 63. 67. 64. 68.
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答案 听力 1-5 CABBC 6-10 ACCBA 11-15 CBAAA 16-20 BBCAB 阅读： 21-24 CDAD 25-28 ADBD 29-32 CDBD 33-35 BDA 七选五：36-40 DACFG 完形： 41-45 ADCAB 46-50 DBACD 51-55 ACBBC 56-60 DDCBB 填空： 61. was 62. actually 63.the 64. or 65. to reduce 66. cleaner 67. That/which 68. amazing 69. changes 70. Patient 改错 1. 第一句 the 改为 a 2. 第三句 Therefore 改为 However 3. 第三句 but 后面加 to 4. 第四句 at 改为 on 5. 第五句 listener 改为 listeners 6. 第六句 gradual 改为 gradually 7. 第七句 that 改为 which 或 that 前加 and 8. 第八句 has 后 been 去掉 9. 第九句 your 改为 our 10. 第十句 or 改为 and 或 will 改为 won’t 短语运用 1. getting around/ walking around 2. is similar to 4. make an attempt 5. took; for granted 7. taken notice of 8. am curious about 10. is set in 11. make up 13. came to an end 14. on the increase 16. on condition that 17. struggling for/ fighting for 19. in addition/ what’s more 20. be aware of 单词拼写： 1. outstanding 2. average 3. various 4. popularity 5. deserves 6. confirmed/proved 7. typical 8. Compared 9. innocent 10. regulations/rules 11. enormous/huge 12. rough
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3. 6. 9. 12. 15. 18.
in favor of take up have connection with consists of on the spot no wonder
13.intended 14. accumulated 15. accomplished/achieved 16. approach 17. harmony 18. Otherwise 19. diverse/various 20. apparently/obviously 21. Opposite 22. Adapting/Adjusting 23. fold 24. preserving/protecting 25. contributed 26. exposed 27. estimated 28. absence 29. thorough 30. awareness
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