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11、高中英语56个主要句型


高中英语 56 个主要句型

高二英语大背诵(56 个主要句型)
一、以形式主语 it 引导的句型 (第一周).【句型 1】 It (so) happened(chanced) that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced to do sth. =sb.did sth. by chance. 如: It happened that he was out when I got there. 当我到那儿时,碰巧他不在。=He happened to be out when I got there. = He was out by chance when I got there. 【句型 2】 It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ be doing/ have done/to be done/to have been done (还有动词 appear 等可这样使用)如: It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.他好象以前去过北京。=He seemed to have been to Beijing before. 【句型 3】 It is / was+被强调的部分+that(who)+剩余的部分.如: It wasn't until he came back that I went to bed. 直到他回来我才睡觉。(一定要注意被强调句型中的谓语动词否定的 转移)。It was because he was ill that he didn't come to school today.只因为他有病了今天没有来上学。只能用 because ( 而不能用 for, as 或 since) It is I who am a student. 我确实是个学生。(句中 am 不能用 are 来代替。) 【句型 4】 It is high time (time/ about time)+ (that) 主语+should do / did+其它。(从句中的谓语动词用的是虚拟语气。)如: It is high time that we should go / went home. 我们该回家了。 【句型 5】 It is / was said ( reported…)+that+从句. 如: It was said that he had read this novel. 据说他读过这篇小说。=He was said to have read this novel. 【句型 6】 It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause. (从句中的谓语用 should+do / should have done, 其形式是虚拟语气。 ) 如: It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪,他这次考试没有及格。 (第二周)【句型 7】 It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause.(注意从句中的谓语动词用 should do 或 should have done 的形式, should 可以省 但 略。)如: He didn't come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this film. 他直到电影结

束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜。
【句型 8】 It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause. (从句的谓语动词用 should do, 但 should 可以省略。)如: It is suggested that the meeting should be put off. 有人建议推迟会议。 【句型 9】 It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句。(注意本句不是强调句型,而是以 where 引导的定语从句。)如: It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born.(后一句是强调句型。) 【句型 10】 It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句。(注意本句型也不是强调句型,而是以 when 引导的定语从句。)如: It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States. 【句型 11】 It is well-known that+从句。如: 高中英语 56 个主要句型 1

高中英语 56 个主要句型 It is well-known that she is a learned woman.众所周知,她是个知识渊博的妇女。 【句型 12】 It is +段时间+since+主语+did. 请比较: It was +段时间+since+主语+had done. 如: It is five years since he left here. 他已经离开这儿五年了。 It was five years since he had left here.(同上) 注意下列句型的翻译:It is five years since he lived here. 他从这儿搬走已经有五年了。 (第三周)【句型 13】 It +谓语+段时间+before+主语+谓语.( before 引导的是时间状语从句。) 如: It wasn't long before the people in that country rose up. 没有多久那个国家的人民就起义了。 It will be three hours before he comes back. 三个小时之后他才能回来。 【句型 14】 It is +形容词(possible, impossible, necessary 等) +for+ sb.+ to do. 如: It is impossible for me to finish this work before tomorrow. 我明天之前完成此工作是不可能的。 【句型 15】 It is + (心理品质方面的) 形容词+of + sb. +to do.= 主语+ be +形容词+to do.(常用的形容词有: kind, stupid; foolish, good, wise 等。)如: It is kind of you to help me. =You are kind to help me.

你真好给我提供了帮助。
二、定语从句 【句型 16】 由 as 引导的非限定性的定语从句。如: As we all know, he is a most good student.众所周知,他是个很好的学生。请比较:It is well-known that he is a most good student.(前一个是定语从句,而后者是个主语从句。) 【句型 17】 由 which 引导的非限定性的定语从句。如: He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming. 他是个教授,那是我一直盼望的职业。(因为先 行词 professor 是表示职业的名词,因此引导词用 which,而不用 who。 【句型 18】 由 where, when 引导的定语从句(其中包括限定性的或非限定性的。)如: This is the house where I used to come. 请比较:This is the house which / that I used to come to. This is the day when I joined the Party. 请比较:This is the day which / that I joined the Party on. (说明:关于 that 与 which 之间的区别,请看关系代词 that 和 which 的区别。) 三、让步状语从句 (第四周)【句型 19】 No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose+从句,+主句. (注意从句中的时态一般情况下用一般现在时 态。 )如: No matter what you do, you must do it well. 请比较: Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无论你做什么, 一定要做好。 No matter where you go, please let me know. 请比较:Wherever you go, please let me know.你无论去哪儿, 请通知我。 (说明:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同。) (注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的 whoever 不能用 whomever 来代替。因为它即作动词 tell 的 宾语,又作后面从句的主语。) 高中英语 56 个主要句型 2

高中英语 56 个主要句型 四、条件状语从句 【句型 20】 When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句。(从句也可以放在主句之后。)如: As long as you give me any money, I will let you go.只要你给我一些钱,我就让你走。 Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语,你应该把它学好。 【句型 21】 主句+on condition that+从句.如: I will go with you on condition that you give me a sum of money. 我和你一起去的条件是你给我一些钱。 【句型 22】 主句+unless+从句.(注意:由于 unless 本身是否定词,所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不用否定。)如: I will go there tomorrow unless it rains. 我明天去那儿除非下雨。 【句型 23】 祈使句,+and/ and then+主句。(注意:祈使句也可用一个名词短语。)如: Use your head, and you will find a good idea. 动脑筋想一想,你就会想出一个好主意。 Another word, and I will beat you. 你再说一句,我就揍你。 【句型 24】 If +necessary / impossible/ important 等,+主句.(注意:if 与形容词之间的 it is 被省略。)如: If necessary, I will do it. 如果有必要的话,我来做此事。 五、原因状语从句 (第五周)【句型 25】 主句+in case+从句.(in case 表示以免)如: I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣带上以免下雨。 【句型 26】 主句+due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句。如: He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill. 由于他有病了,所以没有来上学。 六、时间状语从句 【句型 27】 When / While / As +从句,+主句。如: When I was in the country, I used to carry some water for you. 当我在农村时,我常常给你打水。 【句型 28】 主句+after / before +从句. 如: They hadn't been married four months before they were divorced. 他们结婚不到四个月就离婚了。 We went home after we had finished the work. 我们做完此工作就回家了。 【句型 29】 主语+肯定谓语+until+从句.请比较:主语+否定谓语+until+从句. 如: I worked until he came back. 我一直工作到他回来。 I didn't work until he came back. 他回来我才开始工作。 【句型 30】 As soon as / Immediately / Directly / Instantly / The moment / The instant / The minute +从句,+主句. 如: My father went out immediately I got home. 我一到家,我父亲就出去了。 (第六周)【句型 31】 高中英语 56 个主要句型 3

高中英语 56 个主要句型 No sooner +had + 主语+done…than +主语+did. 请比较: 主语+had + no sooner +done…than +主语+did. 如: No sooner had I got to Beijing than I called you. 我一到北京就给你打电话了。请比较:I had no sooner got to Beijing than I called you. 【句型 32】 Hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely +had +主语+done…when / before + 主语+did.请比较: 主语+had +hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely + done…when / before +主语+did. Hardly had she had supper when she went out. 她一吃完晚饭就出去了。请比较: She had hardly had supper when she went out. 【句型 33】 By the time+从句,+主句.(注意时态的变化。)如: By the time you came back, I had finished this book. 到你回来时,我已经写完了这本书。 By the time you come back, I will have finished this book. 到你回来时,我将写完这本书了。 【句型 34】 each / every time +从句,+主句. (这时相当于 whenever 或 no matter when 引导的从句。从句也可放在主句之后。) 如: Each time he comes to Harbin, he always drops in on me. 每当他来哈尔滨,总是顺便来看看我。 七、地点状语从句 【句型 35】 Where +从句,+主句. 如: Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible. 哪里没有雨水,种庄稼是很难的或者是不可能的。 【句型 36】 Anywhere / Wherever+从句,+主句. 如: Anywhere I go, my wife goes too. 无论我去哪儿,我的妻子也去哪儿。请比较: I will go wherever you suggest. 你建议我去哪儿,我就去哪儿。 八、目的状语从句 (第七周)【句型 37】 主句+in order that / so that +从句.如: I got up early in order that I could catch the first bus. 我起得很早,以便能赶上早班车。 【句型 38】 主句+for +sb. +to do.(注意动词不定式复合结构在这儿作目的状语。)如: He came here for me to work out this problem. 他来这儿叫我帮他解出这道难题。 九、结果状语从句 【句型 39】 主句+so that+从句. 如: It was very cold, so that the river froze. 天气很泠,因此河水结冰了。 【句型 40】 So+形容词/ 副词+特定动词(助动词或系动词)+主语+…+that+从句。 So interesting is this book that I would like to read it again. 这本书那么有趣,我想再读一遍。 【句型 41】 主语+谓语+such+名词+that+从句.如: He made such rapid progress that he was praised by the teacher. 他进步很快,老师表扬了他。 【句型 42】 Such was + 主语+that +从句.(这是个完全倒装句。)如: 4 高中英语 56 个主要句型

高中英语 56 个主要句型 Such was the force of the explosion that all the windows were broken. 爆炸力这么大,所有的窗户都被震碎了。 (第八周)【句型 43】 主句+only +to do sth. (only 和动词不定式一起做结果状语)如: I woke up very late only to find that my wife had gone to work. 我醒得很晚,结果发现我的妻子已经上班了。 十、比较状语从句 【句型 44】 The +形容词比较级……,(主句)the +形容词比较级+……如: The sooner you do it, the better it will be.越早越好。 【句型 45】 主语+谓语+as +形容词原级+as +被比较的对象。如: He is as busy as a bee. 他非常忙。 【句型 46】 主语+谓语+the+形容词比较级+of / between … He is the taller of the two. 他们俩人中他高。 【句型 47】 主语+谓语+倍数+as+形容词原级+as+被比较的对象.如: This room is three times as large as that one.这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。(这个房间比那个房间大两倍。) 【句型 48】 主语+谓语+百分数/倍数+形容词比较级+than+被比较的对象. 如: This city is twice larger than ours. 这个城市比我们城市大两倍。 The early rice output in that commune was 200% more than that of 2001. 那个公社的早稻产量是 2001 年的两倍。 (第九周)【句型 49】 主语+谓语+the size / length/ width/ height +of +被比较的对象.如: Our building is twice the height of yours. 我们的大楼是你们大楼的两倍高。 十一、其它句型 【句型 50】 It doesn't matter wh-+从句。如: It doesn't matter to me what you will do tomorrow. 你明天做什么与我无关。 It doesn't matter whether you will come or not. 你来不来无关紧要。 【句型 51】 形容词/ 副词 / 名词(可数单数)+as / though +主语+谓语+主句。如: Young as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他很小,但他知道得很多。 Hard though he works, I am sure that he can't pass this exam. 虽然他学习很努力,这次考试他肯定不能及格。 Child as he is, he knows a lot. 虽然他是个孩子,但他懂得很多。 【句型 52】 Were / Should / Had +主语+谓语,+主句.如 Were I you, I would have gone there yesterday. 如果我是你的话,昨天我就去那儿了。 【句型 53】 Only +状语+特定动词+主语+谓语… Only by this means can I do this work well. 只有用那种方式我才能做好此工作。 Only because he was ill did he not come to school. 只因为他有病了才没有来上学。 Only then did I realize that I had been wrong. 只有那时,我才认识到我错了。 5 高中英语 56 个主要句型

高中英语 56 个主要句型 【句型 54】 Not only +特定动词+主语+谓语…but also+主语+谓语… 如: Not only did he learn English well but also he spoke French very well. 他不但英语学得好,而且法语讲得很流利。 【句型 55】 whether…or…, neither…nor…, either…or… 如: Whether he will come or not isn't important. 他不来不重要。 【句型 56】 主语+doubt+whether + 从句. 请比较:主语+特定否定词+doubt+that+从句。如: I don't doubt that he will come this afternoon. 我确信他下午一定能来。 I doubt whether he will come this afternoon.

高中英语 56 个主要句型

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