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2012版高中英语全程复习方略配套课件 Unit15《Learning》 北师大版必修5


Ⅲ. 句式填空

1. too. . . to. . . 太……而不能……
It’s never too late to learn(学习永远都不会太晚). 2. be about to do表示“即将, 马上” Now I’m about to graduate from (我现在即将从……毕业) the School of Cont

inuing Education. 3. wish that从句(从句用虚拟语气) I suppose I was a bit lazy and now I wish I’d done more work (我真希望当时能多做些努力), especially in maths.

4. shouldn’t have +过去分词, 表示“本不该做某事(但事实

上却做了)‖
I know that I wasn’t a willing student and I shouldn’t have been (本不应该) so difficult at school, but it was probably

because I lacked confidence in myself.
5. It is time that. . . 该是干……的时候了 I decided that it was time I became (是我成为……的时候 了)an Internet user.

Ⅳ. 教材设题

1. The thing about being a teacher is that you have _______
to children’s minds when they are open and eager to learn. A. access B. passage C. way D. approach

【解析】选A。have access to. . . 为固定搭配, 意为“有机
会/权利……‖符合句意。passage―短文, 通道”, way―方式, 方 法”, approach―方法, 接近”, 均不合题意。

2. Ten months later, Sir Gawain went off ______ the Green Knight. A. found C. finding B. to find D. to have found

【解析】选B。句意:十个月后, Sir Gawain离开去找Green

Knight。to find为动词不定式作目的状语。分词不能作目的
状语, D项是不定式的完成式, 表示不定式的动作发生在谓语 动词之前, 不能作目的状语。

3.

They didn’t want to challenge _______ they’d always

thought was true. A. that B. why C. what D. how

【解析】选C。考查名词性从句。句意:他们不想对他们曾

经认为是正确的东西提出怀疑。“they’d always thought‖为
插入语, challenge后面的宾语从句中缺少主语, 故C项为正确 选项。

4. It is not surprising that people wanted to believe these ancient views as they had been ______ by the great

philosopher Aristotle(384–322 BC).
A. put forward C. put aside B. put up D. put down

【解析】选A。句意:人们过去相信这些古老的观点, 这不足
为奇, 因为他们都是由伟大的思想家亚里士多德提出的。put forward意为“提出”符合句意; put up意为“举起, 张贴”; put aside意为“把……放在一边”; put down意为“放下, 镇 压, 写下”。

5. The only thing I can remember from school maths is that the angles of a triangle ______ 180 degrees.

A. add up
C. add up to

B. add to
D. added

【解析】选C。句意:我能够记着的学校数学的惟一的事情

就是三角形的内角和是180度。add up相加, 把……加起来;
add to增添, 增加, 增进。add up to―合计达”; 根据句意应选 C。

1. Health problems are closely connected with bad eating

habits and a _______ of exercise.
[2007辽宁, 25] A. limit B. lack C. need D. demand

【解析】选B。lack用作名词“缺少, 缺乏”, 后常接of。a
lack of ―缺乏”。

2. The system has been designed to give students quick and
easy ______ to the digital resources of the library. [2009 浙江, 6] A. access C. way B. passage D. approach

【解析】选A。 句意:系统已经设计出来, 学生们可以快速 而容易地获取图书馆的电子资料。give access to 为固定搭配, 意为“可以接近, 得以进入”, 符合句意。

3.

The sales manager asked his men to ______ him of

everything concerning the sales in time. A. inform C. intend B. instruct D. imply

【解析】选A。句意:销售部经理要求他的下属及时通知他
所有有关销售的情况。inform意为“通知”, inform sb. sth. 为固定搭配, 意为“通知某人某事”符合句意。 of

4. Try to spend your time just on the things you find _______. That way, you’ll find life enjoyable and meaningful. A. worth doing them C. them worth doing B. worth doing D. worth being done

【解析】选B。句意:尽量把时间花在你认为值得做的事情 上。这样你就会发现生活有趣而富有意义。从句子结构可以 看出the things后面为定语从句, 排除A、C, worth后面要用

doing, 故选B。

5. They urged that the Science Museum ______ open during
the vacation. A. was kept B. were kept

C. be kept

D. will be kept

【解析】选C。urge后接从句, 从句中应用虚拟语气, 谓语动 词应用should do. . . (should可以省略)。

6. The lecture was so _____ that we were all ______ . A. inspiring; exciting B. inspiring; excited

C. inspired; exciting
D. inspired; excited 【解析】选B。句意:演讲如此令人鼓舞以至于我们都很兴 奋。inspiring令人鼓舞的, 鼓舞人心的; inspired(人)受鼓 舞的; exciting令人激动的, 令人兴奋的; excited(人)兴奋的, 激动的。根据题意选B。

【方法技巧】巧辨-ing形容词与-ed形容词
英语中v. -ing形容词通常用来说明某事物的特点, 而v. -ed形 容词通常用来说明人的状态。请看下例: We were all excited

at the exciting news. 听到这个令人激动的消息, 我们都很激
动 。 类 似 的 形 容 词 还 有 : interesting, interested;

disappointing, disappointed; frightening, frightened, etc. 。

7. Trademarks are words, names, or symbols that identify

the producer of a product and ______ it from similar goods of
others. [2011烟台模拟]

A. defend

B. protect

C. distinguish

D. break

【解析】选C。考查动词词义辨析。句意:商标是识别产品 的厂家和辨别其他相似产品的词、名字或符号。defend保卫; protect保护; distinguish 辨别, 区分; break破碎, 停止运转。

8. Even though he has lived in China for many years, Mark still can not _______ himself to the Chinese customs. [2011浙江五校模拟] A. apply B. admit C. adapt D. accept

【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。句意:尽管马克已经在中国

住了很多年了, 他仍然不能适应中国的习俗。adapt.
to. . . 适应……。

.

.

9. 用doubt 与 suspect的适当形式填空
(1)Mary has been told by her boss to finish two reports within 24 hours. I doubt if she can finish the work in time. (2)My neighbor was arrested this morning because the police suspected him of carrying out two bomb attacks.

10. 翻译句子
(1)这种行为值得表扬。(至少用四种句式翻译该句子) ①This behavior is worthy of praise.

②This behavior is worthy of being praised.
③This behavior is worthy to be praised. ④This behavior is worth praising.

(2)警察怀疑钱是他偷的。 The police suspected him of having taken the money. (3)他们埋头于目前的研究工作。 They bury themselves in the present research. (4)我们逐步获得了做这工作的经验。 Gradually we acquired experience in how to do the work. (5)她历史学得好。

She has acquired a good knowledge of history.

1. Since he often travels on business, he can _______ himself to sleeping in any place he finds. [2011天津模拟] A. devote B. accustom C. force D. reduce

【解析】选B 。句意:因为他经常因公出差, 所以他能使自
己习惯于在任何地方睡觉。accustom oneself to. . . 使自己 习惯于……。

2. 完成句子 (1)我的父母不准我吸烟。 My parents don’t approve of me smoking cigarettes.

(2) 由于经济不景气, 这个工厂解雇了许多工人。
The factory laid off many workers because of the poor economy. (3) 他们出发寻找失踪的孩子。 They set off in search of the lost child.

1. How I wish every family ______ a large house with a
beautiful garden! A. has B. had C. will have D. had had

【解析】选B。此题考查wish的宾语从句, 根据句意应是和现 在相反, 用一般过去时, 故选B。

2. It is time the whole society _______ the disabled as they are.

[2011长沙模拟]
A. accept C. accepted B. will accept D. accepts

【解析】选C。句意:到了整个社会接受残疾人现状的时候 了。It’s time后面的从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气即要用动

词的过去式或should do的形式。

3. 翻译句子 (1)我们该回收利用废品了。(3种方式) ①It’s time that we recycled the waste. ②It’s time that we should recycle the waste.

③It’s time for us to recycle the waste.

(2)他走得太慢, 不能按时到达那儿。 He walks too slowly to get there on time. (3)你告诉我那件事真是太好了。 It’s too kind of you to tell me that.

(4)他真希望没有失去机会。(其实已失去)
He wishes he hadn’t lost the chance.

Ⅰ. 根据汉语提示完成单词 1. This tennis player ranked (列为)third in the world. 2. Does the room have Internet access (接近……的机会/权利)? 3. If you ignore (忽视, 不顾)your diet, trouble will follow. 4. We can’t assume(假设)anything at the moment. 5. I felt a sudden urge (强烈的欲望)to talk with somebody.

6. They suspected (怀疑)him of killing the girl. 7. They lacked (缺乏) a clear understanding of the problems. 8. This store has an excellent reputation (声誉) for fair dealing. 9. Air is vital (极其重要)to all creatures. 10. They have made outstanding (杰出的)contributions.

Ⅱ. 选用所给短语的适当形式完成句子 be about to, frankly speaking, lay off, contribute to, go

against, add up to, get accustomed to, approve of, ( be)
proud of, go blank 1. They were proud of their success. 2. The cost adds up to $1, 100. 3. Her parents didn’t approve of the man she married.

4. I was about to do my homework when my father came in.

5. The company will lay off workers to balance the budget.
6. Don’t worry; you will get accustomed to the life here.

7. Frankly speaking , I don’t like this wine.
8. My mind went blank suddenly.

9. Your suggestion will contribute to solving the problem.
10. Whatever we do, we can’t go against nature.

Ⅲ. 单项填空 1. Can you _______ me to the library, please? A. instruct B. describe C. give D. appoint

【解析】选A。句意:你能告诉我怎么去图书馆吗?instruct 意为“告知, 指示”符合句意。describe描述; appoint任命。

2. —You didn’t do well in the interview. It seems that you are

not yourself today!
—I burned the midnight oil last night to get better prepared.

Unfortunately, _______ sleep prevented me from thinking
clearly enough to produce satisfying answers. [2011杭州模拟] A. lack of C. lack B. lacking of D. lacked of

【解析】选A。考查lack的用法。后句句意为:不幸的是, 缺 乏睡眠阻止了我足够清晰地想出令人满意的答案。句中缺主 语, 排除C、D。lack of为名词短语在句中作主语, lack作动词

时, 为及物动词, 在此处若用动名词形式应去掉of, 故选A。

3. Frank put the medicine in a top drawer to make sure it would not be ________ to the kids.

A. accessible
C. acceptable

B. relative
D. sensitive

【解析】选A。句意:弗兰克把药放到一个顶部的抽屉里以
确保孩子们够不到。accessible―易接近的, 易到手的”符合题 意。

4. The ancient flower vase made in the Tang Dynasty is estimated(估价)to be ________100, 000, 000 dollars.

A. worth of
C. worthy of

B. cost
D. worthy

【解析】选C。考查worthy的用法。句意:这个制造于唐朝
的古代花瓶估计价值1亿美元。be worthy of―价值是”符合 句意。故选C。

5. The dance performed by the disabled actors is really a hit,

but years ago no one ________ they were to achieve such
great success. [2011九江模拟] A. must have imagined C. should have imagined B. could have imagined D. would have imagined

【解析】选B。句意:这个由残疾人表演的舞蹈是一个很大 的成功, 但是多年之前没有人能够想像他们能取得如此大的 成功。本题考查情态动词的用法。由句中的years ago可知这 里是对过去发生事情的推测, 因此应用could have imagined对

过去可能发生事情的推测。

6. I really appreciate _____ to relax with you on this nice
island. A. to have had time C. to have time B. having time D. to having time

【解析】选B。句意:我十分感激和你在岛上放松。感激做 某事 appreciate doing. . . 。

7. After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane _______ her job as a doctor in the countryside. A. set out B. took over

C. took up

D. set up

【解析】选C 。句意:在一所医科大学上了5年后, 简开始在

乡下做一名医生。take up开始做某事, 符合句意; set out―出
发, 着手”; take over―接管”, set up―建立”, 根据句意, 选C。

8. There have been several new programmes ______ to the programme for the 2012 Spring Festival Gala. A. add B. to add C. adding D. added

【解析】选D。句意:有一些新的节目被加到了2012年春节 晚会里。根据句意programmes和add之间是被动关系, 故选D。

9. The good thing about children is that they ______ very easily to new environments. A. adapt B. appeal C. attach D. apply

【解析】选A。句意:孩子的好处是他们很容易适应新的环 境。adapt to为固定短语, 意为“适应”符合句意。appeal to―诉求”; attach to―把……附在……‖; apply to―应用于” 。

10. When he ______ the door, he found his keys were nowhere.
A. would open C. had opened B. opened D. was to open

【解析】选D。句意:当他正要开门时, 发现钥匙不见了。 was to do表示intended to do, ―打算做某事”, 所以选D。

11. —Is this the first time you _______ Chengdu?
—No. But the first time I ______ here, the city wasn’t so beautiful. [2011哈尔滨模拟] A. visited; came C. have visited; have come B. visited; have come D. have visited; came

【解析】选D。句意:——这是你第一次参观成都吗?—— 不是, 但是我第一次来这里时, 这个城市没有这么漂亮。在句 式结构“This/It is the first/second/last. . . time+从句”中, 从 句要用现在完成时。the first time引导时间状语从句, 时态应

与主句时态一致。

【举一反三】

It is the second time that I ______ here, and I want to come
here for _______ time.

A. come; the third
C. came; the third

B. have been; a third
D. have been; the third

【解析】选B。句意:这是我第二次来这里, 而且我还想再来。
It is/was the first/second time that从句+现在完成时/过去完 成时; a+序数词表示“又一; 再一”。

12. —The news upset so many people ______ China’s Consumer Price Index(CPI)climbed to 0. 8 percent in

December.
—Well, it was the second time that the CPI ______ above

zero percent.
A. that; has been C. as; is B. that; had been D. as; was

【解析】选B。本句为分隔性同位语从句。先行词被upset so

many people分隔开了。that引导同位语从句解释说明news的
内容。It was the second time that. . . 从句中要用过去完成时。

13. Could I speak to ______ is in charge of International Sales

please?
A. who B. what C. whoever D. whatever

【解析】选C。句意:我能和主管国际销售的人交谈吗? whoever引导宾语从句作speak to的宾语, 同时又作从句的主 语。“whoever‖作代词=any person who/the person who―任

何人”“无论谁”“……的人”。

14. More important, perhaps, education teaches us to see the connections between things, as well as ______ beyond our

immediate needs.
[2011 武汉模拟] A. to be seen C. seeing B. to see D. having seen

【解析】选B。句意:更重要的是, 教育教给我们要看到事物 之间的联系, 也教会我们超越眼前利益, 看得长远一些。该句 为简单句。as well as是连词, 常连接对称的单词或短语。译

作“不但……而且”、“也”。as well as在该句中连接动词
不定式短语。

15. China has got a good _______ for hosting the World Expo successfully with its careful and smooth organization. A. reputation C. impression B. influence D. knowledge

【解析】选A。句意:中国通过精心和顺利的组织成功地举 办了世博会从而获得了很好的声誉。reputation意为“名声, 声誉”, 符合句意。influence―影响”; impression―影响”; knowledge―知识”。

Ⅳ. 阅读理解
Who Is Kimberly Kirberger? Kimberly Kirberger is the president and founder of Inspiration and Motivation for Teens, Inc. (I. A. M. for Teens, Inc. ) a corporation formed exclusively (专有地) to work for teens. It is her goal to see teens represented in a more positive light and it is her strong belief that teens deserve better and more positive treatment.

She spends her time reading the thousands of letters and stories sent to her by teen readers and traveling around

the country speaking to high school students and parents of
teens. She has appeared as a teen expert on many television and radio shows.

Kimberly says that the College Soul book has been an amazing journey. In getting close to and heating from so many teenagers she kept hearing about this very emotionally packed time that begins with application to college and

extends through the four-year experience. It became clear to
her that this was a time of life that was filled with many challenges and that college students could really benefit from

a book like this. For her, it was simply a continuation of a
commitment that she has made to teenagers to do what she can to inspire and motivate them while letting them know there are people who believe in them.

Kimberly is the co-author of the bestseller, Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul and the New York Times bestseller,

Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul Ⅱ, as well as Chicken Soup
for the Teenage Soul Journal. She is also the co-author of the forthcoming Chicken Soup for the Parent’s Soul and Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul Ⅲ, and the author of Teen Love: On Relationships , a Book for Teenagers.

Kimberly started the Teen Letter Project with Jack Canfield, Mark Victor Hansen and Health Communications,

Inc. The Project is responsible for answering the heartfelt
letters received from teenagers and also reaching out to teens in trouble and encouraging them to seek professional help. To book Kimberly for a speaking engagement or for further information on any of her projects, please contact:

I. A. M. for Teens, Inc. P. O. Box 936, Palisades, CA 90272 phone: 310-573-3655 fax:. 310-573-3657 e-mail for stories: stories @ teenagechickensoul. com e-mail for letters: letters @ teenagechickensoul. com Website: www. Teenagechickensoul. com

1. Kimberly Kirberger devotes herself to _________.
A. helping people in trouble B. writing books for children C. the research of teen problems D. the healthy growth of teenagers 【解析】选D。 细节理解题。总的来说, Kimberly Kirberger 致力于青少年的健康成长, 余项均是其中一个细节。

2. The third paragraph mainly tells us ________. A. why Kimberly wrote the College Soul book B. how Kimberly wrote the College Soul book C. the College Soul book was a great success D. college students benefit from the College Soul book 【解析】选A。 主旨大意题。该段首句是主题句, 由此知道 本文主要讲述Kimberly写该书的初衷。

3. Which of the following was written alone by Kimberly

Kirberger?
A. Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul. B. Chicken Soup for the Parent’s Soul. C. Teen Love: On Relationships, a Book for Teenagers. D. Chicken Soup for the Woman’s Soul. 【解析】选C。 细节理解题。依据倒数第三段最后一句知道 C项正确。

4. What’s the purpose of the Teen Letter Project? A. Helping problem teenagers.

B. Collecting teenager problems.
C. Attracting the teenagers.

D. Offering help to teenagers.
【解析】选D。 推理判断题。只有D项能够概括the Teen

Letter Project的职能, 即帮助青少年解决具体问题。

Ⅴ. 任务型阅读 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的 最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。 May 1st is an important date in the college admission

process in the United States. This is the last day for high
school seniors to accept or reject offers of admission in the fall. But according to a recent report, there is a great change. Acceptance rates at the top colleges this year were lower than ever. 1

These days, college applicants are applying to more
colleges because online and common applications make the process easier. 2 On the other hand, deciding students for top colleges to accept can be difficult because it takes much time. Students may not like being put on waiting lists. Also, common colleges work more to get the students they want to accept. Some colleges hold visiting days that offer a chance to attend classes and stay overnight. Some universities send

gifts.

3

For many families, the most important thing colleges can do is show them the money, especially this year; the

weak economy makes parents nervous.

4

The recent

problems that spread from the housing market to credit markets have even affected students’ loans. So lately, top schools have to spare lots of money to increase their financial aid for students.

5

The Education Department expects the number

of high school graduates to start to go down. This will happen

as the last of the children of the baby boom generation
finishes high school. The number is not expected to start rising again until 2015.

A. Besides, top colleges are facing changes in the population.

B. What contributes to it?
C. But a mistake can be costly if it happens.

D. But top colleges ignore them.
E. They have international students who know English.

F. It can mean several acceptances to choose from.
G. They cannot afford college as planned.

答案:1~5. BFDGA

Ⅰ. 根据汉语提示完成单词 1. This tennis player ranked (列为)third in the world. 2. Does the room have Internet access (接近……的机会/权利)? 3. If you ignore (忽视, 不顾)your diet, trouble will follow. 4. We can’t assume(假设)anything at the moment. 5. I felt a sudden urge (强烈的欲望)to talk with somebody.

6. They suspected (怀疑)him of killing the girl. 7. They lacked (缺乏) a clear understanding of the problems. 8. This store has an excellent reputation (声誉) for fair dealing. 9. Air is vital (极其重要)to all creatures. 10. They have made outstanding (杰出的)contributions.

Ⅱ. 选用所给短语的适当形式完成句子 be about to, frankly speaking, lay off, contribute to, go

against, add up to, get accustomed to, approve of, ( be)
proud of, go blank 1. They were proud of their success. 2. The cost adds up to $1, 100. 3. Her parents didn’t approve of the man she married.

4. I was about to do my homework when my father came in.

5. The company will lay off workers to balance the budget.
6. Don’t worry; you will get accustomed to the life here.

7. Frankly speaking , I don’t like this wine.
8. My mind went blank suddenly.

9. Your suggestion will contribute to solving the problem.
10. Whatever we do, we can’t go against nature.

Ⅲ. 单项填空 1. Can you _______ me to the library, please? A. instruct B. describe C. give D. appoint

【解析】选A。句意:你能告诉我怎么去图书馆吗?instruct 意为“告知, 指示”符合句意。describe描述; appoint任命。

2. —You didn’t do well in the interview. It seems that you are

not yourself today!
—I burned the midnight oil last night to get better prepared.

Unfortunately, _______ sleep prevented me from thinking
clearly enough to produce satisfying answers. [2011杭州模拟] A. lack of C. lack B. lacking of D. lacked of

【解析】选A。考查lack的用法。后句句意为:不幸的是, 缺 乏睡眠阻止了我足够清晰地想出令人满意的答案。句中缺主 语, 排除C、D。lack of为名词短语在句中作主语, lack作动词

时, 为及物动词, 在此处若用动名词形式应去掉of, 故选A。

3. Frank put the medicine in a top drawer to make sure it would not be ________ to the kids.

A. accessible
C. acceptable

B. relative
D. sensitive

【解析】选A。句意:弗兰克把药放到一个顶部的抽屉里以
确保孩子们够不到。accessible―易接近的, 易到手的”符合题 意。

4. The ancient flower vase made in the Tang Dynasty is estimated(估价)to be ________100, 000, 000 dollars.

A. worth of
C. worthy of

B. cost
D. worthy

【解析】选C。考查worthy的用法。句意:这个制造于唐朝
的古代花瓶估计价值1亿美元。be worthy of―价值是”符合 句意。故选C。

5. The dance performed by the disabled actors is really a hit,

but years ago no one ________ they were to achieve such
great success. [2011安庆模拟] A. must have imagined C. should have imagined B. could have imagined D. would have imagined

【解析】选B。句意:这个由残疾人表演的舞蹈是一个很大 的成功, 但是多年之前没有人能够想像他们能取得如此大的 成功。本题考查情态动词的用法。由句中的years ago可知这 里是对过去发生事情的推测, 因此应用could have imagined对

过去可能发生事情的推测。

6. I really appreciate _____ to relax with you on this nice
island. A. to have had time C. to have time B. having time D. to having time

【解析】选B。句意:我十分感激和你在岛上放松。感激做 某事 appreciate doing. . . 。

7. After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane _______ her job as a doctor in the countryside. A. set out B. took over

C. took up

D. set up

【解析】选C 。句意:在一所医科大学上了5年后, 简开始在

乡下做一名医生。take up开始做某事, 符合句意; set out―出
发, 着手”; take over―接管”, set up―建立”, 根据句意, 选C。

8. There have been several new programmes ______ to the programme for the 2012 Spring Festival Gala. A. add B. to add C. adding D. added

【解析】选D。句意:有一些新的节目被加到了2012年春节 晚会里。根据句意programmes 和add之间是被动关系, 故选 D。

9. The good thing about children is that they ______ very easily to new environments. A. adapt B. appeal C. attach D. apply

【解析】选A。句意:孩子的好处是他们很容易适应新的环 境。adapt to为固定短语, 意为“适应”符合句意。appeal to―诉求”; attach to―把……附在……‖; apply to―应用于” 。

10. When he ______ the door, he found his keys were nowhere.
A. would open C. had opened B. opened D. was to open

【解析】选D。句意:当他正要开门时, 发现钥匙不见了。 was to do表示intended to do, ―打算做某事”, 所以选D。

11. —Is this the first time you _______ Chengdu?
—No. But the first time I ______ here, the city wasn’t so beautiful. [2011哈尔滨模拟] A. visited; came C. have visited; have come B. visited; have come D. have visited; came

【解析】选D。句意:——这是你第一次参观成都吗?—— 不是, 但是我第一次来这里时, 这个城市没有这么漂亮。在句 式结构“This/It is the first/second/last. . . time+从句”中, 从 句要用现在完成时。the first time引导时间状语从句, 时态应

与主句时态一致。

【举一反三】

It is the second time that I ______ here, and I want to come
here for _______ time.

A. come; the third
C. came; the third

B. have been; a third
D. have been; the third

【解析】选B。句意:这是我第二次来这里, 而且我还想再来。
It is/was the first/second time that从句+现在完成时/过去完 成时; a+序数词表示“又一; 再一”。

12. —The news upset so many people ______ China’s Consumer Price Index (CPI) climbed to 0. 8 percent in December.

—Well, it was the second time that the CPI ______ above
zero percent. [2011无锡模拟] A. that; has been C. as; is B. that; had been D. as; was

【解析】选B。本句为分隔性同位语从句。先行词被upset so

many people分隔开了。that引导同位语从句解释说明news的
内容。It was the second time that. . . 从句中要用过去完成时。

13. Could I speak to ______ is in charge of International Sales

please?
A. who B. what C. whoever D. whatever

【解析】选C。句意:我能和主管国际销售的人交谈吗? whoever引导宾语从句作speak to的宾语, 同时又作从句的主 语。“whoever‖作代词=any person who/the person who―任

何人”“无论谁”“……的人”。

14. More important, perhaps, education teaches us to see the connections between things, as well as ______ beyond our

immediate needs.
[2011 武汉模拟] A. to be seen C. seeing B. to see D. having seen

【解析】选B。句意:更重要的是, 教育教给我们要看到事物 之间的联系, 也教会我们超越眼前利益, 看得长远一些。该句 为简单句。as well as是连词, 常连接对称的单词或短语。译

作“不但……而且”、“也”。as well as在该句中连接动词
不定式短语。

15. China has got a good _______ for hosting the World Expo successfully with its careful and smooth organization. A. reputation C. impression B. influence D. knowledge

【解析】选A。句意:中国通过精心和顺利的组织成功地举 办了世博会从而获得了很好的声誉。reputation意为“名声, 声誉”, 符合句意。influence―影响”; impression―影响”; knowledge―知识”。

Ⅳ. 阅读理解 [2011 昆明模拟]

Who Is Kimberly Kirberger? Kimberly
Kirberger is the president and founder of

Inspiration and Motivation for Teens, Inc.
(I. A. M. for Teens, Inc. ) a corporation

formed exclusively (专有地) to work for teens.
It is her goal to see teens represented in a more positive light

and it is her strong belief that teens deserve better and more positive treatment.

She spends her time reading the thousands of letters and
stories sent to her by teen readers and traveling around the country speaking to high school students and parents of teens. She has appeared as a teen expert on many television and radio shows.

Kimberly says that the College Soul book has been an amazing journey. In getting close to and heating from so many teenagers she kept hearing about this very emotionally packed time that begins with application to college and

extends through the four-year experience. It became clear to
her that this was a time of life that was filled with many challenges and that college students could really benefit from

a book like this. For her, it was simply a continuation of a
commitment that she has made to teenagers to do what she can to inspire and motivate them while letting them know there are people who believe in them.

Kimberly is the co-author of the bestseller, Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul and the New York Times bestseller,

Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul Ⅱ, as well as Chicken Soup
for the Teenage Soul Journal. She is also the co-author of the forthcoming Chicken Soup for the Parent’s Soul and Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul Ⅲ, and the author of Teen Love: On Relationships , a Book for Teenagers.

Kimberly started the Teen Letter Project with Jack Canfield, Mark Victor Hansen and Health Communications,

Inc. The Project is responsible for answering the heartfelt
letters received from teenagers and also reaching out to teens in trouble and encouraging them to seek professional help. To book Kimberly for a speaking engagement or for further information on any of her projects, please contact:

I. A. M. for Teens, Inc. P. O. Box 936, Palisades, CA 90272 phone: 310-573-3655 fax:. 310-573-3657 e-mail for stories: stories @ teenagechickensoul. com e-mail for letters: letters @ teenagechickensoul. com Website: www. Teenagechickensoul . com

1. Kimberly Kirberger devotes herself to _________.
A. helping people in trouble B. writing books for children C. the research of teen problems D. the healthy growth of teenagers 【解析】选D。 细节理解题。总的来说, Kimberly Kirberger 致力于青少年的健康成长, 余项均是其中一个细节。

2. The third paragraph mainly tells us ________. A. why Kimberly wrote the College Soul book B. how Kimberly wrote the College Soul book C. the College Soul book was a great success D. college students benefit from the College Soul book 【解析】选A。 主旨大意题。该段首句是主题句, 由此知道 本文主要讲述Kimberly写该书的初衷。

3. Which of the following was written alone by Kimberly

Kirberger?
A. Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul. B. Chicken Soup for the Parent’s Soul. C. Teen Love: On Relationships, a Book for Teenagers. D. Chicken Soup for the Woman’s Soul. 【解析】选C。 细节理解题。依据倒数第三段最后一句知道 C项正确。

4. What’s the purpose of the Teen Letter Project? A. Helping problem teenagers.

B. Collecting teenager problems.
C. Attracting the teenagers.

D. Offering help to teenagers.
【解析】选D。 推理判断题。只有D项能够概括the Teen

Letter Project的职能, 即帮助青少年解决具体问题。

Ⅴ. 任务型读写 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰 当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

In a memory-based competition between you and a
chimp (猩猩); who do you think would win? If you put

yourself on top, you might want to guess again.

In a test that challenged participants to remember numbers, a young chimp performed better than Japanese

college students.
Here’s how the test worked. At Kyoto University in Japan, human students and chimpanzee participants sat in front of a computer. Five numbers, ranging from 1 to 9, were combined with one another and then, they appeared at

random places on the screen.

The numbers stayed on the screen for less than a second. In the first test, for example, participants saw the numbers

for 650 milliseconds (about two-thirds of a second).
Then, each number disappeared and they saw a white square instead. Participants had to touch the squares in numerical order, based on the numbers that had been there a moment before.

In this test, the students touched the boxes in the correct
order about 80 percent of the time. A young chimp named Ayumu performed equally well.

During a harder test, participants were only able to see the numbers for 210 milliseconds. This time, students only succeeded in putting the boxes in the correct order about 40 percent of the time. But Ayumu

still could select the boxes in the right order nearly 80 percent
of the time. Some people have what’s called a ―photographic

memory‖,

which allows them to remember a surprising

number of details after just a quick glimpse of something. Ayumu’s memory might work in a similar way, says lead researcher Tetsuro Matsuzawa.

The chimp’s young age might have something to do with his impressive performance, too. In previous tests, the Japanese researchers found that young chimps performed better than their mothers. The scientists are interested to see whether Ayumu loses his strong memory as he grows older. They already know that young children sometimes have sharp memories when offered something photographical, but they lose this ability over time.

Ⅴ.

1. Just be patient. You _______ expect the world to change
so soon. [2010全国卷Ⅰ, 29]

A. can’t

B. needn’t

C. may not

D. will not

【解析】选A。句意:要耐心。你不能期望世界会变化这么 快。can’t在这里表示不许可, 意为不能, 不可。needn’t没有 必要; may not可能不; will not将不会。根据句意, 故选A。

2. I’m afraid Mr. Harding ______ see you now. He’s busy.

[2010全国卷Ⅱ, 17]
A. can’t B. mustn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t

【解析】选A。句意:恐怕Harding先生现在不能见你, 他很 忙。can’t不可能; mustn’t一定不要, 决不; shouldn’t不应该; needn’t不必, must表示推测时, 仅用于肯定句中, 故选A。

3. —I haven’t got the reference book yet, but I’ll have a test on the subject next month. —Don’t worry. You _______ have it by Friday. [2010江苏, 25]

A. could

B. shall

C. must

D. may

【解析】选B。句意:——我还没有拿到参考书, 但我下个月 就要参加这个专题的测试了。——别担心。到星期五你就拿

到参考书了。此处shall用于第二人称, 表示允诺; 情态动词
shall用于陈述句中的第二、第三人称, 表示说话人给对方命 令、警告、允诺或威胁。其余选项没有这种用法, 所以选择B 项。

4. Jack described his father, who ______ a brave boy many

years ago, as a strong-willed man.
[2010安徽, 32] A. would be C. must be B. would have been D. must have been

【解析】选D。句意:杰克描述他父亲是个意志坚强的人, 多

年前他父亲一定是个勇敢的男孩子。此处应是对过去动作的
推测。must have done 表示对过去的肯定的推测; would have done 表示对过去的虚拟。

5. —Good morning.

I’ve got an appointment with Miss

Smith in the Personnel Department. —Ah, good morning. You _______ be Mrs. Peters. [2010北京, 23] A. might B. must C. would D. can

【解析】选B。句意:——早上好。我和人力资源部的史密 斯小姐有预约。——啊, 早上好。你一定是彼得斯夫人。

must 表肯定性的推测, 意思是“一定”; might 表推测时, 意
思是“可能”, 不过可能性很小; would 通常用来表虚拟语气。 can表推测时, 意思是“可能”, 经常用于否定句。根据语境

双方应是事先约定好的, 所以双方都明白对方的身份, 故选B。

6. You ______ buy a gift, but you can if you want to. [2010湖南, 23]

A. must
C. have to

B. mustn’t
D. don’t have to

【解析】选D。句意为:你不必(don’t have to)买礼物, 但

如果你想买, 也可以买的。选项B是“不准、禁止”之意, 不
符合语境意义。don’t have to do sth. =needn’t do sth. , 故选 D。

7. I have told you the truth. _____ I keep repeating it? [2010江西, 23]

A. Must

B. Can

C. May

D. Will

【解析】选A。句意:我已经告诉你真相了, 我必须不断地重 复吗? must 必须; can 能够, 可以, 用在疑问句中可以表示征

询对方的意见; may 可以, 许可; will 用在第二人称疑问句中,
表示征询对方的意见; 根据句意选A。

8. Doctors say that exercise is important for health, ______ be regular exercise.

but it

[2010辽宁, 26]
A. can B. will C. must D. may

【解析】选C。句意:医生说锻炼对身体重要, 但是必须是有 规律的锻炼。can一般表示“可能或能力”; will表示“意 志”; may表示“许可, 可能”; must表示“必须”。

9. I _______ have watched that movie —it’ll give me horrible dreams. [2010山东, 25] A. shouldn’t C. couldn’t B. needn’t D. mustn’t

【解析】选A。句意为:我本来不应该看那部电影的——它 会使我做噩梦的。从后半句部分“看那部电影会给我带来噩 梦”可知, 前部分语境应是后悔看了这部电影, shouldn’t have done 意 为 “ 过 去 不 应 该 做 但 实 际 上 做 了 某 事 ” 。 needn’t

have done 表示“过 去 没有必要做 而实际上做 了某事 ” ;
couldn’t have done 过去不可能做过某事; must表示推测不可 用于否定形式。

10. —May I take this book out of the reading room?

—No, you _______. You read it in here.
[2010陕西, 23] A. mightn’t B. won’t

C. needn’t

D. mustn’t

【 解 析 】 选 D 。 句 意 : —— 我 可 以 把 这 本 书 带 出 阅 览 室 吗?——不, 千万不要。在这儿读吧。由句意可知此处表示 强 烈 禁 止 , mustn’t 千 万 别 / 不 要 , 表 禁 止 , 所 以 选 D 项 。 mightn’t 表示“可能不”; won’t 表示“不愿意”; needn’t表

示“没必要”。

11.

—Sorry,

Professor Smith.

I didn’t finish the

assignment yesterday. —Oh, you _______ have done it as yesterday was the

deadline.
[2010上海, 29] A. must C. should B. mustn’t D. shouldn’t

【解析】选C。句意为:——抱歉, 史密斯教授。昨天我没有 完成任务。——噢, 你本应该完成的, 因为昨天是最后期限。 should + have done本该做某事(而事实上并没有做), 表示

对过去动作的虚拟。must have done一定做了, 与I didn’t
finish the assignment yesterday不相符; mustn’t表示“不允许, 禁止”, 用在此处不恰当; shouldn’t have done表示本来不应 该做某事(而事实上做了), 用在此处不符合逻辑关系。

12. — ______ I take the book out?
—I’m afraid not.

[2010四川, 3]
A. Will B. May C. Must D. Need

【解析】选B。句意为:——我可以将这本书带出去吗?—
—恐怕不行。表请求可用情态动词can, may, could或might, 故选项B正确。

13. Mark _______ have hurried. After driving at top speed, he arrived half an hour early.

[2010天津, 9]
A. needn’t B. wouldn’t

C. mustn’t

D. couldn’t

【解析】选A。句意:马克没必要那么匆忙。以最快速度开 车, 他早到了半个小时。he arrived half an hour early为信息 词, 说明没必要那么匆忙。needn’t have done表示“做了本来 不必去做的事”符合句意, 所以选A。B项常用于虚拟语气中 表示与过去事实相反的假设; C项must表示推测, 不用于否定 句中; D项是本不可能做了某事。

14.

―You _______ have a wrong number,

‖ she said.

―There’s no one of that name here. ‖ [2010浙江, 17] A. need B. can C. must D. would

【解析】选C。考查情态动词用法。她说:“你肯定弄错号 码了, 这儿没有叫这个名字的。”must 表示肯定的推测。

15. You _______ park here! It’s an emergency exit. [2010重庆, 21] A. wouldn’t C. couldn’t B. needn’t D. mustn’t

【解析】选D。句意:你不能在这里停车! 这里是紧急出口。 wouldn’t不会, 往往用于虚拟语气中; needn’t不必, 没义务

去做; couldn’t 不可能, 表可能性; mustn’t不许, 不准, 表禁
止, 根据题意是不让在这里停车, 表示禁止, 所以选D项。

16. If we _____ the other road, we might have arrived here

in time for the meeting.
[2010陕西, 15] A. take C. took B. had taken D. have taken

【解析】选B。句意:“如果我们走另外一条路, 我们就有可
能及时赶到这儿参加会议。”由句意可知, 实际上我们没有 走另外一条路, 所以没能及时赶到这儿参加会议。本题是对

过去动作的虚拟。对过去动作虚拟时, 主句用了might + have
+过去分词, 从句用过去完成时had + 过去分词。

17. Bob would have helped us yesterday, but he _____. [2010安徽, 26]

A. was busy
C. had been busy

B. is busy
D. will be busy

【解析】选A。句意:昨天, 鲍勃本来可以帮助我们, 但他当
时太忙了。这是一个事实和虚拟假设的混合句。but前的句 子, 从 would have helped 可知这是虚拟语气, 表示过去本来 可以帮助我们, 但实际上没有。but 之后说明当时不能“帮助 我们”的原因, 是过去的客观事实, 故应用一般过去时。

18. Teachers recommend parents ______ their children under
12 to ride bicycles to school for safety. [2010福建, 29] A. not allow C. mustn’t allow B. do not allow D. couldn’t allow

【解析】选A。句意:老师们建议父母, 为了安全起见, 不要 让12岁以下的孩子骑车上学。recommend在句中是“建议”

的意思, 其后的宾语从句通常用虚拟语气, 即从句的谓语动词
用“(should)+动词原形”的形式。

19. If he _____ my advice, he wouldn’t have lost his job. [2010湖南, 29] A. followed C. had followed B. should follow D. would follow

【解析】选C。本题考查虚拟语气的用法。句意:如果他当 初听了我的建议, 他就不会失去工作了。由句意可知从句是 对过去动作的虚拟, 对过去动作虚拟时, 从句应用过去完成时, 故选C。

20. Had I known about this computer program, amount of time and energy ________ .

a huge

[2010浙江, 10] A. would have been saved C. will be saved B. had been saved D. was saved

【解析】选A。考查虚拟语气用法。句意:“如果我知道这 个电脑程序的话, 就会节省大量的时间和精力了。”本句是

对过去动作的虚拟, 从句省略了if把had放到了句首, 对过去动
作进行虚拟时, 主句谓语动词形式用“would have done‖。

1. The soccer team has been doing well this season, so they _______ win the championship.

[2011北京模拟]
A. should B. might C. would D. could

【解析】选A。句意为:这支足球队本赛季表现不错, 因而他
们应该赢得冠军。should 表示确定或可能有的未来或期望, 译为“想必会”、“按理应该”, 与语境相符。

2. You have a big mouth,
everybody the secret. A. can’t C. shouldn’t

Tom. You _______ have told

B. mustn’t D. mightn’t

【解析】选C。后半句句意为:你本不应该将秘密告诉每一 个人。shouldn’t have done 过去本不应该做某事。

3. Whenever he worked until midnight, some coffee to get refreshed.

he ______ drink

[2011厦门模拟]
A. will B. should C. must D. would

【解析】选D。考查情态动词。句意为:每当工作到深夜时,
他总是喝点咖啡来提神。would表示过去习惯性的动作, 但是 并不与现在作对比。

4. —Hi, Johnson, any idea where Susan is?

—It’s class time, so she ________ in the classroom now.
[2011合肥模拟]

A. can be
C. might have been

B. must have been
D. should be

【解析】选D。由“现在是上课时间, 她应该在教室里”可知
本句为对现在事情的推测, 排除B、C两项; can 表示“可能” 时, 多用于否定与疑问句。

5. —Why didn’t you pick up the MP4? —I _______ it, but I didn’t carry that much money. [2011安庆模拟] A. could buy C. must have bought B. should buy D. could have bought

【解析】选D。由“我本来要买, 但没带足钱”可知could have done 本来能做某事, 而实际未做。

6. The biggest problem for most plants,

which ______ just

get up and run away when threatened, is that animals like to
eat them. [2011宁德模拟] A. can’t B. shan’t C. needn’t D. mustn’t

【解析】选A。句意为:对于大部分面对威胁而无法站起来 跑开的植物而言, 最大的问题是动物喜欢吃它们。can’t 不可 能; shan’t 不应该; needn’t没必要; mustn’t 禁止。

7. You are late. If you _____ a few minutes earlier, _______ him.

you

A. came; would meet
B. had come; would have met C. come; will meet D. had come; would meet 【解析】选B。句意为:你来晚了, 如果你早来几分钟, 你就 会遇见他。由语境可知与过去事实相反, 故从句谓语动词用 过去完成时态, 主句用would have done 的形式。

8. What’s your opinion of Mr. Li’s request that we ______

spend half an hour reading English aloud every morning?
A. would B. should C. must D. could

【解析】选B。request 后引起that 引导的同位语从句, 从句 应用虚拟语气, 即从句谓语动词为should +动词原形, should 可以省略。

9. It was commanded that the coal mine survivors _______ to

the nearest hospital for treatment.
[2011厦门模拟]

A. must send
C. would be sent

B. be sent
D. should send

【解析】选B。考查虚拟语气。句意为:据命令这些煤矿事
故 幸 存 者 应 该 被 送 到 最 近 的 医 院 去 治 疗 。 在 It was commanded that. . . 结构中, that从句的谓语动词用虚拟语

气, 即谓语动词用should+动词原形, should可以省略; coal
mine survivors和send之间是被动关系, 因此答案选B。

10. ____ the help from the doctor, the little boy ______ his life.

[2011铜陵模拟]
A. Apart from; should have lost

B. Without; could lose
C. Except for; would have lost

D. But for; would have lost

【解析】选D。考查虚拟语气。句意为:要不是医生的帮助, 这个小男孩就会没命了。but for要不是; 根据句意可知此处

表示与过去事实相反的假设, 用would have done的结构, 故答
案选D。

11. We’d rather our president ______ make the decision or scores of employees will be cast down. A. won’t B. doesn’t C. shan’t D. didn’t

【解析】选D。would rather 后接宾语从句时, 从句应用虚拟

语气, 由语境可知强调当前的动作, 从句谓语动词应为动词过
去时态。

12. Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t
think we ________ it without you. [2011宿州模拟] A. can manage C. could manage B. could have managed D. can have managed

【解析】选B。后半句句意:没有你, 我认为我们就完不成。 without you 暗含了一个虚拟条件句, 相当于if it hadn’t been

for your help, 与过去事实相反, 故主句用could / would + have
done 的形式。

13. Look at the trouble I am in! If only I _______ your advice. A. followed C. had followed B. would follow D. should follow

【解析】选C。if only 要是……就好了, 从句应用与过去事实 相反的虚拟语气, 即从句谓语动词用过去完成式。

14. The public transport in Beijing is very convenient now, so there _____ be any difficulty in travelling around the city. A. couldn’t C. needn’t B. mustn’t D. shouldn’t

【解析】选D。考查情态动词。should作为情态动词, 可以用 来表示有较大可能实现的猜测、推论, 通常译为“可能, 应 该”。句意为:现在北京的公共交通非常便利, 所以在市区 的观光不应该有什么困难。couldn’t通常用来对过去发生的 事情进行有把握的否定推测。

15. —Shall I go and buy more food and drink for the party? —No, we have prepared a fridge of those. That _______ be quite enough. A. can B. may C. might D. ought to

【解析】选D。表推测时can用于疑问句或否定句; may和 might用于肯定句中, 表示语气不很肯定的推测; ought to表示

常理, 常规和一般情况的推测。根据前面的we have prepared
a fridge of those可知, 应该选D项。

16. —How much shall I pay for the phone call? —You _______ . This is free of charge. A. shouldn’t B. can’t C. needn’t D. mustn’t

【解析】选C。句意:——我要付多少电话费?——不需要 付费, 这是免费电话。由句意可知, C项needn’t符合题意。

17. —Where is Lucy? —I can’t say where she is, but she ______ have gone to meet her classmates, for they want to go to Sichuan to work as volunteers.

A. can

B. should

C. must

D. may

【解析】选D。句意:——露西在哪?——我不好说, 但是她

有可能去见她同学了, 因为他们想去四川当志愿者。从语境
可知语气不是非常确定, 故选D项。A项can表推测, 多用于否 定句和疑问句中; B项should have done表“本应该做某事”

之意; C项must have done表示对过去非常肯定的推测。

18.

My sister met him at the Grand Theatre yesterday

afternoon, so he ________ your lecture.
A. couldn’t have attended C. mustn’t have attended B. needn’t attend D. can’t attend

【解析】选 A。考查情 态动词的用 法 。“情态 动词 +have done‖表示对已经发生的事情的推测。must have done肯定发 生了某事, 只能表示把握较大的肯定的推测。表示“不可能 已经发生某事”, 则用can’t/couldn’t have done。句意:我姐

姐昨天下午在国家大剧院遇到了他, 因此他不可能听了你的
讲座。

19. —Did Mary come to the party?
—I don’t know. She _______ while I was out. [2011合肥模拟] A. may have come C. might come B. must have come D. could come

【解析】选A。考查情态动词表推测的用法。从问句和答语 前句看, 答语后句是对过去发生事情的不肯定的推测。答语 后半句句意为:当我出去的时候她可能来了。

20. —Why ______ you be talking so loudly while others are studying? —I am terribly sorry. A. shall B. must C. will D. may

【解析】选B。考查情态动词。句意为:——为什么在别人 学习的时候, 你非得这么大声说话呢?——很抱歉。由语境

可知第一个说话者相当不满, 所以用must, 意思是“非要, 偏
偏”。

21. —Guess what! I have got an A for my term paper.
—Great! You ______ read widely and put a lot of work into it.

[2011郑州模拟]
A. must B. should

C. must have

D. should have

【解析】选C。考查情态动词。从句意看答语是对过去发生

事情的推测, 故用must have done的形式, 因此选C项。

22. —I dreamed of some animals running on the moon.
—It ______ be. There is no air or water on the moon, you know. A. can’t C. shouldn’t B. may not D. mustn’t

【解析】选A。考查情态动词。句意为:——我梦到有些动 物在月球上跑。——那不可能。因为你知道在月球上没有空 气, 也没有水。can’t表示否定的推测。

23. —When shall we hold the meeting? —It ______ be better to put it off until next week. A. must B. could C. can D. will

【解析】选B。考查情态动词。此处could表示可能性推测: 说不定会。例如:It could be better to stay here. 说不定呆在 这里比较好。

24. It’s hard to believe that such a greedy man ______ donate so much to the Hope Project. A. may B. need C. can D. shall

【解析】选C。考查情态动词。can表示惊异, 怀疑, 不相信等

语气。句意:很难相信一个如此贪婪的人会给希望工程捐这
么多钱。

25. —I find it astonishing that John ______ be so rude to me.
—Not astonishing at all. He is always rude to others. A. should B. must C. might D. ought to

【解析】选A。考查情态动词。这里用should表示说话人吃 惊的语气, 意思是“竟然, 居然”。must必须, 一定; might或 许; ought to应该, 均不符合语境。

26. How I wish I ______ my mouth before I shouted at my mum! A. shut B. have shut C. had shut D. would shut

【解析】选C。wish的宾语从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气, 表示现在不能实现的愿望, 从句谓语用一般过去时(be动词

常用were); 表示过去没有实现的愿望, 从句谓语用过去完成

时。由I shouted at my mum可知, 这是表示过去没有实现的
愿望。故C项符合题意。

27.

The boy insisted that he _____ his best and ______

praised. A. had tried; must be C. try; should be B. tried; must be D. had tried; be

【解析】选D。insist 作“坚决要求”讲时, 要用虚拟语气; 当 “坚持说, 坚持陈述某事实”解时, 用陈述语气。句意:小男 孩坚持说他尽了全力, 坚决要求被表扬。

28. It’s already 6 o’clock now. Don’t you think it’s time _____?

A. we are going home
C. we went home

B. we go home
D. we can go home

【解析】选C。It’s time sb. did sth. /would rather sb. did
sth. 是两个固定的虚拟语气句型。句意为:现在已经六点了。

难道你不认为到了我们回家的时间了吗?

29.

They must have been enjoying themselves there,

otherwise they ________ so long.

[2011宁波模拟]
A. can’t have stayed B. wouldn’t have stayed

C. needn’t have stayed

D. couldn’t stay

【解析】选B。考查虚拟语气。句意为:他们一定在那儿过

得很愉快, 否则他们就不会呆那么久了。根据句意可知本题
考查与过去事实相反的虚拟语气, 故选B。

30. ________ , the forest fire would have been discovered much earlier.

A. But for their care
C. Without their care

B. If they were careful
D. Had they been more careful

【解析】选D。考查虚拟语气。句意为:如果他们细心些的
话, 这场森林大火就会被发现得早得多。根据句意可知, 本句

是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气, 此处省略了从句连接词if, 故
答案为D。

31. ______ for the fact that she got hit by a car and broke her
leg on her way to school, she might have passed the exam. A. Had it not been C. Was it not B. Hadn’t it been D. Were it not

【解析】选A。句意为:要不是因为在上学的路上被汽车撞 了且腿部骨折, 她可能就通过考试了。根据句意及主句谓语 动词形式可知从句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气, 此处省略

从句连接词if, 故答案为A。


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