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石油工程英语单词


中国石油 (简称)CNPC : (China National Petroleum Corporation ) 第一章 石油钻井工程英语基础 第1节 钻井:drill 定向斜井:directional drilling 欠平衡钻井:under-balance drilling 海上钻井:off-shore drilling 陆地钻井:on-shore drilling 钻进:dr

illing 调整钻井参数以得到理想的机械钻速: play the drilling parameters to get fast ROP 起钻:POOH(pull out of hole) 下钻:RIH(run in hole) 下套管:run casing(or RIH with casing) 短起下钻:wiper trip 循环泥浆:circulate 中途循环泥浆:break circulation 分段下钻:RIH in stages 通井:control trip 划眼:reaming 倒划眼:back reaming 接单根:make connection 滑、割大绳:slip and cut drilling line by ton-mile 螺旋钻铤spiral drill collar 方钻杆:kelly 母扣:box end 保养设备:maintain the equipment 修理设备: repair (or fix) the equipment 保养顶驱:service TDS 保养冲管:lubricate wash pipe 待工日费:standby rate 今天零日费:there is no day rate today(zero day rate today) 我可以为您做,但必须收费,请理解 涡轮钻具:turbine I can do for you and I have to charge(back charge) you. Please give me full understanding. 不在我的职责范围之内,我要汇报领导,一有消息会马上告诉 你 It is out of my power and I have to report to my boss. I will let you know as soon as I get news. 大鼠洞:rat hole 钻具错扣:the connections are crossed 钻具粘扣:thread is galled 丝扣坏了:the thread is damaged 油:oil 原油:crude oil 天然气:nature gas 煤层气:coal-bed gas 石油:petroleum 1 起钻错扣:alternate the connections 新钻具或接头磨扣:break in the new tool joint 新钻头磨合:break in the new bit PDC 钻头井底造型:shape the PDC bit 跳钻:rough drilling( vibrated drilling, bit is bouncing) 蹩钻:rough drilling(drilling torque is abnormally high) 小鼠洞:mouse hole 反循环泥浆:reverse circulate 石油钻井工程基础词汇 长城钻井(简称):GWDC(Great Wall Drilling Company) 采油:oil production 产油层(目的层):reservoir( or pay zone)

钻头:drill bit 刮刀钻头:drag bit 牙轮钻头: rock bit (镶齿钻头insert bit, 钢齿钻头steel toothed bit) 金刚石钻头:diamond bit 取心钻头:coring bit 钻头浮阀:float valve 钻头水眼:bit nozzle(or jet) 钻头水眼刺:bit nozzle washed out 钻头规:bit caliper(bit gauge) 钻头泥包:bit is balling 钻头钝了,我建议现在起钻:bit is dull. I suggest to POOH now 钻铤:DC(drill collar ) 光钻铤slick drill collar, 钻杆:DP(drill pipe ) 公扣:pin end 内平式连接:IF(internal flash) 正规式连接:REG(regular) 贯眼式连接:FH(full hole)加重钻杆 heavy weight drill pipe 短钻杆 pop joint 井下马达:downhole motor 震击器:drilling jar 减震器:absorber 下部钻具组合:BHA(bottom hole assembly) 钻具扶正器:stabilizer(string stabilizer, near-bit stabilizer) 钻机:drill rig 钻井泥浆:drilling mud 钻井液:drilling fluid 钻井设备:drilling equipment

缩径:tight hole 起钻遇卡:get overpull 下钻遇阻:set weight 部分漏失:partially lost circulation 全部漏失:totally lost circulation 盲钻:blind drilling 堵水眼:bit jets are blocked 掉水眼:bit jets are lost 憋压:the pressure is built up 卸压:release pressure 试压:pressure test 功能测试:function test 双方独自检查:double check

生产井:production well 报废井:abandoned well 停产井:none-production well 井下情况:downhole condition 第 3 节 石油钻井技术基础词汇 技术规范,技术指标,技术性能: specification 拉伸:tension 拉伸强度:tensile strength 弯曲强度:bending srength 最小屈服强度: minimum torsional strength 应力:stress 压力:pressure 应力点:stress point 压力降:pressure drop 压力梯度:pressure gradient 回压:back pressure 大气压:atmosphere 压差: pressure difference 静液柱压力:static fluid cloumn pressure 地层压力:formation pressure 坍塌压力:collapse pressure 破裂压力:fractured pressure 液体:liquid 固体:solid 气体:gas,air 正的:positive 负的:negative 水平的:horizontal 垂直的:vertical

地质:geology 地质专业人员:geologist 物理:physics 地球物理勘探: geo-physical exploration. 测井:logging 电测井作业:wireline logging operation 泥浆测井:mud logging

井(副词“好”含意):well 拓展记忆: 井眼:bore hole 油气井:oil&gas well 试井:well test 井下:down-hole 井下作业:down-hole operation 第2节 石油钻井方法基础词汇

第 4 节 石油钻井参数基础词汇 钻压:WOB(weight on bit) 转盘转速:RPM(rotation per minute) 泵压:SPP(slurry pump pressure) 泵冲:SPM(stroke per minute) 排量:FR(flow rate) 大钩负荷:hook load 扭矩:torque 钻速:ROP(rate of penetration) 顶驱:TDS(top drive system) 钻井周期:drilling period 钻井成本:drilling costs 井眼尺寸:hole size 垂深: 2 TVD(total vertical depth) 反扭矩:reactive torque

钻井原理:the principles of drilling 顿钻钻井:percussion drilling,cable-tool drilling 旋转钻井:rotary drilling 大位移井:big distance( or extended ) well 侧钻井:sidetracking drilling 水平井:horizontal well 探井:wildcat,wildcat drilling 深井:deep well 浅井:shallow well 老井:maturing well 丛式钻井:cluster well drilling 煤层气井:coal-bed gas well

井深:MD(measured depth) 水平位移:horizontal displacement 井斜角:angle( or hole inclination) 方位角:azimuth 井眼环空:annulus 第 5 节 石油钻井作业现场工作人员名称 甲方:oil company(operator) 钻井承包商:drilling contractor 第三方(分包商)the third party(sub-contractor)

营房经理:camp boss 医生:doctor 材料员:material man(storekeeper) 炊事员:cook 翻译:interpreter 洗衣工:laundry man 厨房服务生:waiter 保安:watchman(or security) 机械工程师:mechanic engineer 第6节 石油作业现场常用工具 扳手:wrench 螺丝起子:screwdriver 多角螺丝起子:Phlilips screwdriver (cross-headed screwdriver) 撬杠:bar 加长撬杠:cheater bar

钻井经理:drilling manager 监督:supervisor 钻井监督:DSV(drilling supervisor) or Companyman 地质监督:geologist 泥浆工程师:mud engineer 固井工程师:cementing engineer 泥浆录井工:mud logger

活动板手:monkey wrench,adjustable wrench 钳子:pliers 台钳:bench vice 榔头:hammer 钩子:hook 钢挫:file 锤击扳手:hammer wrench 内六角扳手:Allen key 砂纸:sandpaper 链钳:chain tong 黄油枪:grease gun 牵引绳:tag line

钻井队:drilling crew,drilling team 钻井 1 班:drilling shift one

搬手:spanner 钢锯:hacksaw 管钳:pipe tongs(pipe wrench)

总经理:general manager 总工程师:chief engineer 项目经理:project manager(country manager) 作业经理:operation manager 财务经理:financial manger 会计:accountant 平台经理:rig manager 带班队长:tool pusher HSE 监督:HSE officer 司钻:driller 副司钻:assistant driller 井架工:derrick man 钻工:roughneck(or floorman) 场地工:roustabout 泥浆工:mudman 发动机工:motorman 机械师: mechanic 电工:electrician 电焊工:welder 司机:driver 吊车司机:crane operator 铲车司机:forklift operator 3

千斤顶:jack 吊车:crane 电焊条:welding rod 拖拉机:tractor 推土机:bulldozer 硬尺:ruler 油漆:paint 油漆刷:paint brush 绝缘胶布:electrical tape 插头: plug 开关:switch 螺栓: bolt 钉子:nail 手电钻:hand drill 工作台:workbench 工具箱:toolbox 胶水:glue 护丝:thread protector 手轮:hand wheel 脚轰油门:throttle

游标卡尺:Vernier slide 铅油:dope 铅油刷:dope brush 电线:wire

电插座: outlet(receptacle or switchboard)

螺帽: nut

垫片: washer

钻头:bit

胶棒:glue bar

联接法兰:coupling flange(or adaptor flange) 安全带:safety belt 安全帽:helmet

工作靴:safety boot 棉袄:coat 手套:gloves 围裙:apron 灭火机:fire extinguisher 消防栓:fire -hydrant 水龙头:water tap 消防斧:fire fighting axe 铲子:shovel 手砂轮:emery wheel 左转: turn right 手势:gesture 信号:signal 垃圾:waste garbage 拖把:mop left

工衣:coverall 防护眼镜:safety goggle 口罩:mouth mask 洗眼台:eye washing station

闸板阀:gate valve 灌注泵:supercharge pump 第二章

单流阀:back valve

石油工程常用设备及专业术语 钻井设备部分

第1节 井架:Derrick(or mast)

起(放)井架:erect(lay down) Derrick 底座大梁:sill 铅锤:plumb 架,台:rack 右转: turn 坡道:V door(or ramp) 二层台:monkey-board 圆井盖:cellar cover 天车:crown block 天车梁:crown block beam 游动滑车:traveling block 钻井大绳:drilling line 引绳:guide line 防碰天车:crown-o-matic 天车台:water table 钢木基础:mat 水平仪:level 立根盒:setback area 猫道:catwalk

接头:sub 配合接头:X-over ,cross-over 提升短节:lifting sub 卡瓦:slips 母锥:box tap 公锥:taper tap 打捞矛:fishing spear 安全接头:safety sub 柔性短节:flexible joint 井口盖子:wellhead cover 防喷盒:mud box 放卡瓦:set slips

穿大绳:string-in drilling line 金属线,电线:wire,cable 钢丝绳股:strand 截断:cutoff 滑车,滑轮,皮带轮:pulley(hoist) 手拉葫芦:hand pulley 吊耳:lifting eye 顶驱:top drive 大钩:hook 大钩弹簧:hook spring 大钩销子:hook pin 大钩锁紧装置:hook locking device 大钩悬挂高度:hook height 水龙头:swivel 鹅颈管:gooseneck 冲管:wash pipe 水龙头盘根:swivel packing 钻井水龙带: rotary hose( kelly hose) 立管管汇: stand pipe

BOP 吊装:BOP trolley( BOP hoist) 吊卡:elevator 吊环:elevator links

安全卡瓦:safety clamp(dog collar) 钻杆架:pipe rack 材料房:warehouse 绳卡:bullnose clamp(guy anchor) 绳套:sling 卸扣:shackle 维护保养:maintenance 内钳:make-up tong 外钳:break-out tong 液压大钳:power tong 兜绳:mule line 四通阀:four-way valve 软管:hose 球阀:ball valve 4 三通:Tee 液压猫头:E-zy tong 吊带:soft sling(belt) 吊装工具:lifting gear 水龙头提环:swivel bail

立管: stand pipe manifold 高压管线:high pressure line 低压管线:low pressure line 放压管线:relief line 转盘:Rotary Table 转盘方瓦: master bushing tool

由壬:union 传感器:sensor

方补心取出装置: bushing handling

方补心:kelly drive bushing 方孔: square opening

泥浆泵:mud pump 活塞:piston 活塞杆:piston rod 活塞皮碗:piston cup 缸套:liner 凡尔体:valve body 凡尔座:valve seat 阀弹簧:valve spring 阀杆:valve lever 阀面:valve face 阀帽:valve bonnet 空气包:pulsation damper 泥浆泵安全阀:pop-off valve 排出阀:discharge valve 上水滤子:screen 油尺:oil-level dipstick 灌注泵:supercharge pump 潜水泵:submersible pump 叶轮:impeller 单向阀:check valve(single-pass valve) 间隙:gap 安全阀:safety valve 手动阀:manual valve 液动阀:hydraulic valve 拉杆:tie rod,tension bar 压力表:pressure gauge 冲数:strokes 排量:flow rate 80 冲(次)/分:eighty strokes per minute 泥浆罐:mud tank 循环罐:active tank 起下钻罐: tank trip 刹车片:brake block 沉砂罐:satteling tank 震动筛:sahle shaker mash 除砂器: desander centrifuge 泥浆分配槽:spider box 钳牙:die 缓冲罐 buffer tank 除泥器: desilter 离心机: 倒泥浆:transfer mud 储备罐:reserve tank 溢流检查: flow check 锥形罐:sand trap 筛布:screen 目数: 冷却水泵:cooling pump 盘根盒:stuffing box 充氮气:refill with nitrogen 卸压管线:release line 吸入阀:suction valve 凡尔箱:pump module

小鼠洞:mouse hole 大鼠洞:rat hole 绞车:Drawworks 挂合(摘开)绞车:engage(disengage) drawworks 液压绞车:hydraulic winch 气动绞车:air tugger(air hoist) 滚筒: drum( reel) 滚筒高速气离合器: high speed clutch 滚筒低速气离合器: low speed clutch 锚头:cathead 液压猫头:E-zy tong 上扣猫头:make up cathead 卸扣猫头:make out cathead 牙嵌离合器:jaw clutch 涡磁刹车:eddy current brake(electromagnetic brake) 猫头轴:cathead shaft 猫头绳:cathead line 死绳:dead line 死绳固定器:dead line anchor 死绳固定器膜片:dead line diaphragm 上扣:make up 卸扣,卸开:break out 上紧,固定:tighten(fasten) 松开,松扣:loosen 加载:load 卸载:unload 盘式刹车:disc brake 刹车总成:brake assembly 刹车轴: brake shaft 上扭矩:torque sth

刹车带:brake band 液压油箱:hydraulic power unit 液动试压泵 :hydraulic test pump 液压大钳:hydraulic (power)tong 倒档齿轮:reverse gear 动力扳手:power wrench 吊钳钳头:hinged jaw 大钳锁销:latch 大钳悬臂:suspension bar weight 吊钳钳臂:tong arm 第2节

第 3 节 与泵操作有关的实用短语 没有压力:No pressure 压力过高:The pressure is too high

平衡重:counterbalance

返回太少:Mud return is too few 水太少:Water is not adequate.

钻井泵类及相关设备 5

抢修:Rush to repair

请看记录:Please check the record 没作记录:No record available 加化学药品:add chemicals 测定比重:measure mud weight(specific gravity) 测定失水:measure water loss 测定切力:measure gel strength 停泵:stop pump 请打手势:Please make a gesture 转动一周:turn round a circle 垫高一些:put something under it to raise 抓紧:firmly grasp 抬高:lift it up 拿稳:hold firm 打一下: hit once 往外拉:pull outward 站稳:stand firm 小端:small end 光滑:smooth 平面:flat 弯曲:bending 放松:loosen draw tight 冷却:cooling 润滑:lubricate 过载:overload 功率不足:power is not enough. 第4节 钻台:drilling floor 钻井班组记录:drilling tour record 司钻监视器:driller's monitor 司钻控制台:driller's console 指重表:weight indicator 底座:substructure 井队活动房:trailer 钻台上值班房:doghouse 梯子:ladder 第5节 溢流: sign 气侵:gas cut 1 次井控 2 次井控 3 次井控 the primary well control the secondary well control the tertiary well control 井喷: blow-out kick 井控操作与防喷器 溢流征兆: kick 钻台与底座 绷直:stretch tight, 大端:large end 粗糙: coarse, rough 泥饼:mud cake

平衡

balance

超平衡 over-balance 欠平衡 under balance 漏失试验 leak-off test 破裂压力 fracture pressure 额定压力 rated pressure

工作压力 working pressure 防喷器组 BOP stack 安装(甩下)防喷器组:nipple up(nipple down) BOP stack 分流器 diverter 万能防喷器:annular preventer,bag preventer 单闸板防喷器:single ram preventer 双闸板防喷器:double ram preventer (防喷器) 闸板:pipe ram ram 全封式防喷器:blind ram 剪切防喷器:shear ram 内防喷器 Inside BOP 投入式单流阀 DIBPV(Drop in blowout preventer valve) 分流关线 diverter line 节流管汇 choke manifold 节流阀 choke valve 旁通阀 standby valve 调压阀: Pressure regulator 手动节流阀 manual choke 远程节流阀 remote choke 井口四通 drilling spool flange 液压控制阀 HCR(hydraulic controller) 远程控制系统: koomey unit 压井管线:kill line 入口:inlet 简易除气器:poor-boy degasser degasser 泥浆池液面纪录仪 Pit volume recorder(totallizer) 泥浆流动传感仪 mud flow sensor 泥浆增量 Pit gains 硫化氢侵入 H2S influx 加重材料 Weighted material 氮气 Nitrogen 乙炔:acetylene 氧气:oxygen 出口:outlet 真空除气器:vaccum 蓄能器: accmulator 变径法兰:adapter 变芯闸板防喷器 variable bore

预冲氮气压力 Pre-charge nitrogen pressure 地脚螺栓连接 Studded connection 法兰连接 Flange connection 6

箍盘连接 Hub connection

硬关井 hard shut in 第 1 次循环 first circulation

演习: drill drill 消防演习:fire drill drill 泄压: bleed off pressure 带刻度压力表: calibrated pressure gauge 带刻度容(体)积表: calibrated volume gauge 套管鞋: casing shoe 上部井眼段 top hole section 快速钻进地层 fast drilling formation 压实地层:consolidated formation 风化地层:weathered formation 钻屑携带能力 cuttings carrying capacity 浅层气藏 shallow gas 地层破裂 formation to break down

急救演习: first aid

第 2 次循环 second circulation 压井泥浆比重 kill mud weight

防喷演习:kick

抽吸 swab surge 含气地层 gas bearing formation 含气页岩 gas bearing shale 安全增量 safety margin 记录卡片 trip sheet 低循环泵速 SCR(slow circulation rate) 当量泥浆密度 EQD(equivalent mud density) 当量循环密度 ECD(equivalent circulating density) 司钻压井法 driller’s method 等待压井法 wait & weight method 体(容)积法 volumetric method 下推压井法 bull-heading method 不压井下钻:snub in 第二章 钻井工程作业部分 第1节 井喷:blow out 井涌:kick 井漏:lost circulation 坍塌,井壁坍塌:cave in(collapse) 出砂:sand production 砂桥:sand bridge 键槽: keyseat 卡钻:sticking 填井:pack-hole 封井:packed drilling 井下落物:fish 台阶:ledge 钻井事故

激动

压力梯度 pressure gradient 地层压力 formation pressure 井口压力 wellhead pressure 漏失压力 leak-off pressure 破裂压力 fractured pressure 井底压力 BHP( bottom hole pressure) 正常压力 normal pressure 异常压力 abnormal pressure 静液压力 hydrostatic pressure 动态压力 dynamic pressure 环空压力 annular pressure 关井钻杆压力 SIDPP (shut in drill pipe pressure) 关井套管压力 SICP( shut in casing pressure) 最大关井套管压力 maximum allowable surface pressure, MAASP 最初循环压力 ICP( Initial circulating pressure) 循环结束压力 FCP(Final circulating pressure)

椭圆井眼: oval shaped hole

大幅度活动钻具试图解卡:work the string and try to free it 活动钻具以避免卡钻: move(reciprocate ) the string to avoid being stuck. 打捞:fishing 打捞工作:fishing job 鱼头:top of fish

U 形管原理 U-tube principle 压井操作 killing operation 补救措施 remedial actions 关井后循环 circulation under well closed in condition cl 离子含量 chloride content Dc 指数 Dc exponent 软关井 soft shut in 7

侧钻:side-tracking 侧钻井眼:sidetracking hole 水泥窜槽:cement channeling 固井失败:cement failure 防砂:sand control 缓慢开泵并仔细观察返浆情况:

slowly start pumping and closely watch the return on the shale shaker 第2节 牙轮钻头:rock bit 刮刀钻头:drag bit 金钢石钻头:diamond bit 镶齿钻头: insert bit tooth bit 喷射钻头:jet bit 牙轮:cone 钻头装卸器:bit breaker 钻头直径:bit diameter 钻头寿命:bit life 钻头磨损:bit wear 钻头型号:bit type 水眼尺寸:nozzle size 水眼效率:nozzle efficiency 钻头接头:bit sub 第3节 方钻杆:kelly 方钻杆旋扣器:kelly spinner 方钻杆旋塞:kelly cock 钻具:drilling string 钻杆:drill pipe 油管:tube 钻具组合:drilling assembly 扶正器:stabilizer 扩眼器:reamer(hole opener) 钻铤:drill collar 无磁钻铤:NMDC(non-magnetic drill collar) 加重钻杆:HWDP(heavy weight drill pipe) 近钻头扶正器:near-bit stabilizer 震击器:jar 减震器:shock absorber 螺旋钻铤:spiral drill collar 键槽破坏器:key seat reamer 安全接头:safety joint 钻杆刮泥器:drill pipe wiper 泥浆动力钻具:mud motor 钻柱:drill string 涡轮:turbine 涡轮钻具:turbo-drill stem 立根:stand 8 钻具 铣齿钻头: milled 钻头

加厚:upset 内加厚:IU(internal upset) 外加厚:EU(external upset) 内外加厚:internal-external upset 丝扣:thread 打捞颈:fishing neck 母扣:box pin 左旋螺纹: left-hand thread thread 正规接头:regular joint 贯眼接头:full hole joint 内平接头:internal flush joint 护丝: thread protector protector 打捞工具:fishing tool 打捞作业:fishing operation 打捞篮:junk basket 卡瓦打捞筒:overshot 打捞杯:junk sub 牙轮打捞器:cone fisher 套管打捞矛:casing spear 打捞矛:fishing spear 打捞公锥:male tap(fishing nipple) 打捞母锥:female tap(fishing socket) 倒扣工具:reversing tool(backing-up tool) 铣鞋:milling shoe 铣具:milling tool 平底铣鞋:flat bottom mill 磁力打捞工具:magnetic fishing tool 打捞钩:fish hook 气动工具:pneumatic tool 减摩短节:friction reduction sub 下套管漂浮接箍:casing floating coupling 轴向加压器:hydraulic axial thruster 第4节 方入:kelly-in 方余:kelly-up 开钻:spud in 作业指令:instruction 钻井设计:drilling program 井身结构:well schematic 迟到时间:lag time(bottom up) 岩性:lithology 钻井工程地面作业实用词汇与短语 快速护丝: easy 右旋螺纹: right-hand 公扣:

换钻头:change bit 甩钻具:laydown drill pipe 发生故障:break down 安装(拆卸):rig up(rig down)接头:sub adapter 机械手:mechanical arm 铁钻工:iron roughneck 有故障:It fucked up( something is wrong with it) 已修好:it has been fixed 马上去:Go there at once 请下去:Please go down 请上来:Please come up 躲开,危险:keep away,danger. 请翻译来:Ask interpretor come here, 冲洗:wash down 井口:well-head 一根钻杆(单根):single 三根钻杆组合(立根):thribble 吊蓝:cage(basket) 换班: shift change 第 5 节 钻井工程井口作业实用词汇与短语 喇叭口:bell nipple 出水管:mud return line(flow line) 试压杯:cup tester 小心滑倒:wet floor, be careful 不要往井眼内掉东西:never fall down anything inside hole 我来做:Let me do it 带把板手来:Bring a spanner,please 带点密封剂:Bring a little sealant(Teflon),please 很快就好了:lt will be finshed right away 抬一下:Let's lift it 把绳子给我:Give me the rope,please 不漏:no leakage 电焊: welding 气焊:gas welding 栏杆:handrail,gangway rail,railing 蒸汽:vapour 压缩空气:pressurized (compressed) air 注意安全:pay attention to safety 别动:Don't move,Don't touch. 对准: point out exactly. 裸眼:open hole 第四章 钻井液及相关设备 9 校正: align 气割:gas cut 泥浆:mud 钻井液:drilling fluid

第1节

钻井液名称

完井液:completion fluid 修井液:work-over fluid 压井液:killing fluid 射孔液:perforating fluid 隔离液:spacer fluid 泥浆处理:mud treatment 泥浆处理设备:mud treating equipment 饱和盐水泥浆:saturated salt-water mud 油基泥浆:oil-base mud 高粘度泥浆:heavy viscous mud 重泥浆:weighted mud pipe 起钻倒返泥浆:we have wet pipeduring POOH 重晶石:barite 纯碱:soda ash 高岭土粉:koaline powder 云母片: mica sheet 增粘剂: viscosifier 稀释剂: diluent (thinner) 稳定剂: stabilizer (stabilizing agent) 烧碱: caustic soda 稀释 dilution, thinning 水泥凝固 cement setting 第2节 离心泵:centrifugal pump 振动筛跑泥浆:mud overflow shale shaker 筛出:shake out 混合泵:mixing pump 混合漏斗:mixing hopper 搅拌器:mud agitator 泥浆抢:mud gun 岩屑:cuttings 沉淀:settle 沉积物:deposit 吸入:suction 吸入罐:suction pit 泥浆天平:mud balance 游码:slide weight 支点:fulcrum 刀口:edge 钻井液设备 重泥浆压钻杆:slug drill

调整,校正:adjust 粘度计:viscometer 第3节 包,袋:sack 粘土:clay 膨润土,般土:bentonite 钠:sodium 钙:calcium 氯:chloride 氯化钙:calcium chloride 石棉:asbestos 分散:dispersal 表面活性剂:surface-active material 铁络盐:lignite 单宁:tannin 羧甲基纤维素:carboxymethyl celluose CMC 木纤维:xylogen 石灰:lime 二氧化钙:calcium oxide 粉末:powder 薄片:flake 溶解:dissolve 延迟,妨碍:retard 处理剂,添加剂:additives 缓凝剂:retarder 支撑剂:proppant 乳化剂:emulsifier 润湿剂:wetting agent 稳定剂:stabilizing agent 除钙剂:calcium remover 降失水剂:filtration-reducing agent PH 值控制剂:PH control additive 润滑剂:lubricant 消泡剂:defoamer agent 破乳剂:emulsion breaker 洗涤剂:detergent 防膨胀剂:anti-swelling agent 粘土稳定剂:clay stable agent 稀释剂:thinner 封堵剂:plugging agent 抑制剂:inhibition agent 暂堵剂:temporary plugging agent 解堵剂:plugging removal 10 钻井液处理剂

堵漏剂:LCM (lost circulation material) 水敏地层:water-sensitive formation 分散:dispersal 水泥浆:cement slurry 流变性:rheological characteristics 稳定性:stability 稠化时间:thickening-time 低密度水泥浆:low-density slurry 油气层保护:reservoir protection 高渗透性:high-permeability 砾石:gravity 悬浮:suspension 固化:solidification. 防膨胀:anti-swelling 高凝高粘度:high condensation and viscosity 无毒的:non-poisonous 无荧光:non-fluorescence

钻井液性能参数 Specificaitons of Drilling Fluid 含水:water content 密度:density 厚度:thickness 粘度:viscosity 塑性粘度:plastic viscosity 含砂量:sand content 屈服:yield 屈服点:yield point 屈服强度:yield strength 剪切速率:shear rate 剪切强度:shear strength 剪切应力:shear stress 稀释: dilute 适用温度:safe temperature 初始切力:initial gel strength 终切力:ten-min gel strength 触变性:thixotropy 剪切稀释:shear thining 液体浓度:concentration 泥浆柱:mud column 层流:laminar flow 涡流:turbulent flow 气泡:bubble 第五章 钻井相关作业

套管接箍:casing coupling 第1节 岩心:core 取心钻头:core bit 取心筒:core barrel 内岩心筒:inner barrel 外岩心筒:outer barrel 岩心爪:core catcher 取心工具:corehandling tools 取心收获率:core recovery rate 取样器:sample blob 取样盒:sample box 样品筒:sample chamber 取样工:sample catcher 取样间隔:sample interval 井壁取心:side-wall coring 井壁取心枪:side-wall coring gun 取芯失败:coring failure 第2节 固井:cementing 完井:well completion 水泥:cement 井口:wellhead 井口压力:well head pressure 井口回压:back pressure on the well head 套压:casing pressure 导管:conductor 表层套管:surface casing 技术套管:protective casing(intermediatecasing) 油层套管:production casing 尾管:liner 通径轨:rabbit 封隔器:packer 联顶节:landing joint 套管柱 casing string 套管下部结构(含套管鞋、浮箍): casing track(including casing shoe, float collar) 套管扶正器:centralizer 口袋:pocket( rat hole) 环空注水泥作业:top cement job 碰压:bump plug 分级箍:stage collar 水泥粘结强度 strength of cement bond 套管钳:casing tongs 11 隔离液:spacer 止退环:stop collar 尾管悬挂器:liner hanger 固井部分 取芯部分 套管头:casing head 散装水泥:bulk-cement 水泥浆:cement slurry 插管注水泥:stab in cementing adapter 分级注水泥:stage cementing 先行水泥浆:lead cement slurry 末端水泥浆:tail cement slurry 促凝剂:accelerator 替浆 :displace with mud 插入密封接头:stab in

水泥面:top of cement 固井管线 :chicksan line(cementing line) 灰罐:silo(bulk tank) 候凝:WOC(wait-on-cement) 挤水泥:squeeze cement 水泥塞:plug 第 3 节 固井水泥浆名称和参数 超细水泥浆:ultrafine slurry 普通水泥浆:normal slurry 纤维水泥浆:fiber-reinforced cement slurry 膨胀水泥浆:expanding cement slurry 低密度水泥浆:low-density slurry 水泥体积收缩:cement volume contraction 水泥浆水化期间:cement slurry hydrating period 水泥胶结质量:cement sheath bonding quantity 失水率:the rate of water loss 析水:liberate water 稠化时间:thickening time 凝固强度:cementation strength 渗透性:permeability, 膨胀率:expansion rate 压缩强度:compression strength 流动性:mobility 第4节 电测:wireline logging 测井解释:logging interpretation 随钻测井:LWD(logging while drilling) 测井电缆:logging cable 测井工具:logging tool 自然电位测井:spontaneous potential log 感应电测井:induction electrical survey 双感应测井:dual induction-laerolog 中感应测井:medium induction log 测井部分

数字记录:digital record 照相记录:photographic recording 放射性测井:radioactivity log 声波技术:acoustic wave technology 仪器耐温:the temperature resistance of the instrument 仪器耐压:pressure resistance of instrument 油气比:GOR (gas oil ratio) 第六章 修井:work-over 修井工具:work-over tool 井下操作: down-hole operations. 产层污染: pollution of pay zone 增产措施:stimulations 压裂和酸化:fracturing or acidizing 酸化处理:acid treatment 人工压裂: artificial fracturing 重复压裂过程: repetition presses for fracturing, 压裂车: fracturing truck sets 压裂后反映: post-fracture response 固体和液体添加泵: solid and liquid additive pump 泵交联: pumping cross link 交联剂: cross-linking agent 排量: discharging 三维压裂: three-dimension fracturing 对压裂参数的监控、分析和解释: real time monitoring,analyzing and interpreting for fracturing operation parameters 压裂操作:fracturing operation 压裂规模:fracturing scale 化学吞吐:chemical disposal 乳化降粘:emulsification declining viscosity 增注:augmented injection. 注水:water-injection 裸眼砾石填充完井:bore hole gravel packer completion. 开窗铣锥:open-window mill prick, 开窗斜向器:open-window inclined implement 碳酸盐岩:carbonate reservoir 井下作业常用短语

海底电缆铺设:setting cable under sea-bottom 平台安装:platform installation 钻井平台:drilling platform

顺风:tail wind 逆风:against the wind 摄氏零下?度:below?degree centigrade 启锚:weigh anchor 抛锚:drop anchor 拖航:drag 对讲机:intercom,walkie-talkie 上吊茏:Please get on the liftbasket 救生衣:life jacket 晕船:sea sick 控制速度:Control the speed 货已送抵:The goods has arrived 货物验收:Please check and accept the goods 在不远处:Not far from here 不方便:lt's not convenient 有危险:lt's dangerous 防污染:prevent pollution 没情况:Nothing happened. 第八章 定向井:directional well 定向井部分

造斜点:KOP(kick off point) 最大井斜角:maximum hole inclination 增斜段:building up section 稳斜段:holding section 降斜段:drop off section 井眼尺寸:hole size 长、中、段半径:long,medium and short radius 裸井段:the open hole section 水平段:horizontal section 固井段:cementing section 井斜角测量点:angle point 水平位移:horizontal departure(displacement) 井眼轨迹:wellbore trajectory 优化控制:optimum control

第七章 海上钻井:offshore drilling 陆地钻井:on-land drilling 海滩:sea beach 浅海:shallow sea 海底管线:sea-bottom pipe

海上钻井作业

筛管:screen pipe 长封固段固井:long intervals cementing 丛式井:cluster well 斜向器:whipstock 第九章 12 石油现场机械传动与机械设备

第一节:动力与传动 柴油机:diesel 发电机:generator 直流(交流)电动机:DC(AC)motor 交流电:A.C (alternating current) 直流电:D.C (direct current) 变压器:transformer 传动轴:driving shaft 从动轴:driven shaft 空调机:air conditioner 空气压缩机:air compressor 应急发电机组:emergency generator 消防水泵:fire pump 配电间:distrubution room 电动潜水泵:ESP(electrical submersible pump) 锅炉:boiler 蒸汽:vapour 气压不足:The airpressure is poor 操作有问题:Operation is not good 电压正常:Voltage is all right 绝缘不好:The insulation is bad 触电:electric shock 温度太高:The tempreture is too high

皮带驱动:belt drive 第2节 对准,使…成一线:align 周围的,环境的:ambient 模糊,含糊,不明确:ambiguity 退火的:annealed 淬火:quench 回火:temper 阳极:anode cathode 含水的,水的:aqueous 装配:assembly 增大,增加,增益:augment 侧向间隙:back-lash 电木,(绝缘)胶木:Bakelite 批量生产:bulk production 轴承:bearing 锥齿轮,伞齿轮:bevel gear (刮刀,刃,叶片:blade 坯料:blank 吹风,爆炸,喷砂机:blast 滑轮组:block and tackle 浮子,摆锤:bob 镗床,镗孔刀具:borer 阴极: 机械加工与设备

接地:ground circuit 按红色钮:Please push the red button 打开:open,turn on,switch on 关闭:close,turn off,switch off 风扇:fan 爬上去:climd up 跳下来:jump down 接住:catch it 拿稳:hold tight 平方米:square meter 加工:process 三项交流电:three-phase AC 气罐:air tank 偶合器,联轴节:coupling 链轮:sprocket 链条:chain 皮带:belt 链条驱动:chain drive

短路:short

内孔加工,镗孔:boring 瓶颈,薄弱环节:bottleneck 平衡点,盈亏临界点:breakeven point 型坯:briquette 拉床,铰孔机:broacher 拉削,扩孔:broaching 大齿轮:bull gear 碰撞,曲折,拐点:bump 缓冲器,减震器:bumper 擦亮,光亮:burnish

立方米:cubic meter

去毛刺:burring 凸轮,偏心轮:cam 凸轮轴:camshaft 铸造:cast 触媒,催化剂:catalyst 空化作用:cavitation 内腔,空穴,(铸造)型腔:cavity 陶瓷的,陶器的,陶瓷制品:ceramic 铁屑,金属屑:chip 13

凿子,扁铲:chisel 钳:clamp 障碍(物),阻塞(物):clog 离合器:clutch 罗盘,指南针:compass 凸型的:convex concave 外形,轮廓;结构,构造:configuration 锥形的,锥状的,锥体:conical 传送装置,运输机,传送带:conveyor 波纹;使成波状:corrugation 曲柄,曲拐:crank 曲轴:crankshaft 蠕动,蠕变:creep 圆筒,圆柱体;液缸:cylinder 仪表盘,控制板:dashboard 静载:dead load 碎片:debris 模具,钢型,冲模:die 模锻:die forge 压铸的,模铸的:die-cast 不导电的,电解质(的):dielectric 差动齿轮,差速齿轮:differential gear 扩散,弥漫:diffusion 修饰,打磨,使表面光洁:dress 钻床:drill press 染色,着色;染料:dye 电解质:electrolyte 椭圆,椭圆体:ellipse 金刚砂:emery 侵蚀,冲蚀:erosion 蚀刻:etch 排出, 排气; 废气: exhaust 爆炸物,炸药;爆炸(性)的:explosive 挤压(成形);挤出,压出:extrude 平面加工:facing 测隙规:feeler gauge 膜:film 精加工:finish 柔性的,能变形的,灵活的,适应性强的:flexible 软盘:floppy disc hard disk 车床: lathe 14 硬盘: 消音器: muffler 凹型的:

流程图:flow chart 起伏,波动:fluctuation 开槽,切槽:fluting 飞轮:flywheel 锻造:forge 支点,支轴:fulcrum (龙门)起重机:gantry 几何学:geometry 花岗岩,花岗石:granite 石墨:graphite 润滑脂:grease 磨碎,研磨,磨削加工:grinding 槽,沟,企口:groove 陀螺仪,回转仪:gyroscope 主轴箱:headstock 螺旋形的,螺线:helical 螺旋齿轮,斜齿轮:helical gear 六角形(的):hex 万向接头,万向联轴节:hooke (cardan) joint,flexible joint 削弱,损害:impair 冲击,脉冲:impulse 测斜仪:inclinometer (刻度盘上的)指针,(铣床)分度头:index 铸模,锭:ingot 间歇的,断续的:intermittent 内在的,固有的:intrinsic 离子:ion 夹具,夹紧装置,钻模:jig 铰链,关节,肘关节,转向节:knuckle 搭接,重叠;研磨,精研,抛光:lapping 心轴,紧轴,芯棒:mandrel 铣削加工:milling 铣刀:milling cutter 铣床:milling machine 混合,混合物,混合气:mixtrue 小孔,注油孔,喷嘴:orifice 坑,池,孔:pit 枢轴,旋转中心,支点:pivot 气动的,气体的,风力的:pneumatic 泊松比:Poisson’s ratio 抛光:polish 细孔,微孔,空隙:pore 多孔性,空隙度,气孔,砂眼:porosity

石英,水晶:quartz 棘轮机构,棘轮(爪):ratchet 凹口,凹槽,凹座:recess 铆钉;用铆钉铆接:rivet 铆接:riveted joint 不平的,粗壮的:rugged 剪刀:scissors 刻线,划线:scribe line 沉淀:sediment 锯齿(状),成锯齿形:serration 端面,台肩:shoulder 收缩,缩进:shrink 烧结,熔结,热压结:sinter 花键;用花键连接:spline 弹簧:spring 停车,出故障,失速,熄火:stall 定子:stator 双头螺栓:stud 增压器:supercharger 同步的:synchronous 综合,合成:synthesis 串联(的):tandem 歪,倾斜:tilt 公差:tolerance 通用的,万能的;易变的:versatile 弯翘(曲):warp 楔(形物):wedge 熟铁,锻铁:wrought iron 第3节 柴油:diesel oil 机油:engine oil 汽油:gasoline 液压油:hydraulic oil 齿轮油:gear oil 润滑油脂:grease 液化石油气:LPG(liquefied petroleum gas) 沥青:bitumen 石蜡:paraffin 第十章 第1节 地质:geology 矿物:mineral 地质断块:faults and blocks 15 矿泉水:mineral water 地质,地层与油藏工程 地质及地层 油品名称 并联:parallel 转子:rotor

地层:formation 软地层:soft formation 硬地层:hard formaton 研磨性地层:abrasive formaton

沉积岩:sedimentary rock 砂岩:sandstone 石灰岩:limestone 泥岩:shale,mudstone 花岗岩:granite 火成岩:igneous rook 油砂:oil sand 变质岩:matamorphic rock 石英岩:quartzite 页岩:shale 碳酸盐岩:carbonate rock 白云岩:dolomite 含水地层:water content formation 碳酸储层:carbonate reservoir 砾石:grave 地质参数:geologic parameters 地层圈闭:stratigraphic trap 不整合:discordance 尖灭:pinch out 第 2 节 油藏工程和采油工程 数值模拟:numerical simulation 动态模型:dynamic model 储量评价:reserve estimation 油藏地质:reservoir geology 油藏模拟:reservoir simulation 未动用储量:non-producing reservoirs 圈闭研究:trap study 地层评价:formation evaluation 储量估计:reserve estimation 毛细管:capillary 诊断:diagnosis 处理:treatment 评价: evaluation 地层损害:formation damages 油层保护:reservoir protection 潜在储量研究:potential analysis 调剖:profile modification 堵水:water plugging and broking down. 投入产出比:input-output ratio

地面集输:surface transmission. 凝析气体:condense gas 凝析油:condense oil 采收率:recovery. 低压低渗透油田:low pressure and low permeability oilfields 滑动摩擦:sliding friction 滚动摩擦:rolling friction 界面:interfaces 自锁功能:self-locking function; 兼容,可溶:compatible 抗热:heat-resistance 水敏:water sensitive 结垢:scale forming; 地面集输:surface transmission 地层压力预测:formation pressure prediction 井径扩大率:ratio of the hole’s extending diameter

额:forhead 耳朵:ear 脸颊:cheek 鼻子:nose 鼻孔:nostril 下颚:jaw 胡子:beard 舌:tongue 牙:tooth 唇:lip 眼 Eye

眉毛:eyebrow 眼皮:eyelid 睫毛:eyelashes 瞳孔:pupil 脚 Foot

踝:ankle 第十一章 石油工程作业现场生活用词汇和短语 第1节 脸:face 嘴:mouth 下巴:chin 脖子:neck 肩膀:shoulder 手臂:arm 肘:elbow 背:back 胸:chest 腰:waist 腹:belly(abdomen) 臀部:bottom(buttocks) 腿:leg 膝:knee 手腕: wrist 指甲:fingernail 拇指:thumb 食指:(index) finger 中指:middle finger 无名指:ring finger 小指:little finger 手掌:palm 头 Head 手套:gloves (mittens) 帽子:cap(hat) 防风衣:windbreaker 牛仔裤:(blue) jeans 毛衣:sweater 紧身衣:tights 茄克:jacket 围巾:scarf 长大衣:overcoat 靴子:boots 外套:coat 16 身体各部分名称 脚跟:heel 脚趾:toe 脑:brain 脊椎:spinal cord 喉:throat 肌肉:muscle 肺:lung 心脏:heart 肝:liver 胃:stomach 静脉: vern 肾:kidney 胰:pancreas 膀胱:bladder 第2节 服装 动脉: artery

头发:hair

雨靴:rain boots 纽扣:button 休闲裤:slacks 皮夹:wallet 背心:vest 皮带:belt 凉鞋:sandal 领子:collar 雨伞:umbrella T 恤衫:T-shirt 午餐盒:lunch box 裙子:skirt 公事包:briefcase 口袋:pocket 眼镜:glasses 制服:uniform 领带:tie 报纸:newspaper 皮鞋:leather shoe

雨衣:rain coat

温度计:thermometer 温度:temperature 热:hot 温和:warm 凉爽:cool 寒冷:cold 多雾:foggy 刮风:windy 干燥:dry 潮湿:wet 第4节 黄瓜:cucumber 胡萝卜:carrots 葱头:onion 茄子:eggplant 西红柿:tomato 土豆:petato 碗豆:pea 豆角:bean 芹菜:celery 常见蔬菜名称

内衣:undershirt 短袜:socks 拖鞋:slippers 睡衣:pajamas 短:short 长:long 紧:tight 松:loose 脏:dirty 干净:clean 小:small 大:big 浅:light 深:dark 高:high 低:low 新:new 旧:old 第3节 下雨:rainy 多云:cloudy 下雪:snowy 晴:sunny 17 描述天气

蘑菇:mushroom 咸菜:pickles 辣椒:chilli,hot pepper,red pepper 玉米:corn 生菜:escarole 菠菜:spinach 南瓜:pumpkin 第5节 桔子:orange 苹果:apple 香蕉:banana 葡萄:grape 西瓜:water melon 橙子:orange 柠檬:lemon 樱桃:cherries 葡萄干:raisin 花生:peanut 核桃:walnut 桃子:peach 第6节 芥茉:mustard 胡椒:pepper 味道和调味品调味品 常见水果名称

咖喱:curry 薄荷:mint 蒜:garlic 姜:ginger 葱:chinese green onion 果酱:jam 蜜:honey 糖:sugar 盐:salt 冰块:ice cube 酸味:sour 甜味:sweet 苦味:bitter 辣味:hot 烤的:roast 炸的:fried 煮的:cook 蒸的:steam 第7节 酒:wine 酒杯:wineglass 啤酒:beer 喝多(醉):drunk 淡水:fresh water 茶:tea 桔汁:orange juice 葡萄汁:grape juice 干杯:cheer 第8节 早餐:breakfast 午餐:lunch 晚餐:supper 饭:meal 米饭:rice 面条:noodle 饼:pancake 面包:bread 饺子:dumpling 汤:soup 鲜的:delicious 鸡蛋:egg 饿:hungry 饱:enough 18 食品 酒类和祝酒

渴:thirsty 蛋糕:cake 饼干:biscuit 热狗:hot dog 三明治:sandwich 番薯片:potato chips 糖浆:syrup 汉堡:hamburger 通心粉:spaghetti 牛排:steak 咖啡:coffee 冰淇淋:ice cream 餐刀:knife 叉子:fork 匙(勺子):spoon 盘子:dish 餐巾:napkin 牙签:toothpick 抹布:rag 第9节 称:scale 支票:check 杂货:groceries 袋子:bag 牛奶:milk 饮料:beverages 点心:snacks 收据:receipt 出纳员、收银员:cashier 冷藏室:freezer 熟食柜台:deli counter 冷冻柜台:frozen food 罐装食品:canned goods 第 10 节 条、盒:carton(box) 瓶:bottle 盒、盆:tub 袋:bag 罐:jar(can) 卷:roll 管:tube 包:pack 本:book 容器、单位及钱币 超级市场

杯:cup 玻璃杯:glass 片:slice 块:piece 碗:bowl 硬币:coins 第 11 节 牛肉:beef 猪肉:pork 鸡肉:chicken 羊肉:lamb,mutton 兔肉:rabbit meat 香肠:sausage 大排:chops 火腿:ham 第 12 节 海鲜:seafood 虾 :shrimp 对虾:prawn 龙虾:lobster 蟹:crab 海螺:conch 海带:tangle,seaweed 鱼:fish 第 13 节 梯子:ladder 救护车:ambulance 水管:hose 消防龙头:fire hydrant 消防队员:fire fighter 灭火器:fire extinguisher 斧头:ax 烟:smoke 水:water 喷嘴:nozzle 第 14 节 衣架:hanger 镜子:mirror 梳子:comb 闹钟:alarm clock 枕头:pillow 抽屉:drawer 枕头套:pillowcase 床垫:mattress 19 日常生活用品 救火及救援 海鲜,鱼类 肉类

床单:sheet 床:bed 被子:comforter 电话:tellphone 地板:floor 天花板:celling 窗帘:curtain 茶几:coffee table 沙发:sofa 灯:lamp 遥控器:remote controler 第 15 节 星期日:Sunday 星期一:Monday 星期二:Tuesday 星期三:Wednesday 星期四:Thursday 星期五:Friday 星期六:Saturday 一月:January 二月:February 三月:March 四月:April 五月:May 六月:June 七月:July 八月:August 九月:September 十月:October 十一月:November 十二月:December 第 16 节 零:zero 一:one 二:two 三:three 四:four 五:five 六:six 七:seven 八:eight 九:nine 十:ten 数字 星期与月份

十一:eleven 十二:twelve 十三:thirteen 十四:fourteen 十五:fifteen 十六:sixteen 十七:seventeen 十八:eighteen 十九:nineteen 二十:twenty 二十一:twenty-one 三十:thirty 四十:forty 五十:fifty 六十:sixty 七十:seventy 八十:eighty 九十:ninety 一百:one hundred 五百:five hundred 六百二十一:six hundred and twenty-one 一千:one thousand 一百万:one million 第 17 节 红:red 蓝:blue 黄:yellow 白:white 黑:black 灰:gray 绿:green 粉:pink 紫:purple 褐:brown 橘:orange 第 18 节 常用缩略语与公制英制,(美国用法)换算 Abbreviation and The Metroc-U.S.System 1.常用缩略语 Abbreviation 空调 桶 井底压力 防喷器 厘米 内径 A.C bbl BHP BOP cm ID 20 颜色

外径 加仑/分 高压 高温 高电压 国际钻井承包商协会

OD gpm HP HT h.v

IADC(international association of drilling company) 英寸 国际标准化组织 最大的 in. ISO max.

2.钻井现场常用公英制(美国用法)换算 长度 1 英里 (mile,mi.)=1.609 公里(km.) 1 米=3.28 英尺 1 码 (yard,yd.)=3 英尺=0.914 米(m.) 1 英尺(foot)=12 英寸= 30.48 厘米(cm) 1 英寸(inch,in.)= 2.54 厘米(cm)

面积 1 平方英尺(square foot,sq.ft.) =929 平方厘米(sq.cm.)

重量 1 吨=10 千牛=2.2504 千磅 1 磅(pound,lb.=0.454 公斤(kg.) 1 盎司(ounce,oz.)=28.35 克(g.) 体积容量(液量) 1 桶=42 加仑=158.98 升 1 加仑(gallon,gal.) =3.785 公升(cubic cm.) 密度 1g/cm3=8.33ppg


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