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2013届英语基础知识复习课件:Unit1 A land of diversity and Unit2 Cloning(新人教版选修8)


(2011·江苏南通市高三模拟)假设你班最近举行了一次 班会,讨论怎样使英语学习变成一件快乐的事。请你根据下表

所提示的信息,为某英语网站写一篇短文,谈谈你们的讨论情
况并提出你的建议。

讨论情况

1.课内互动 (师生或生生互动);
2.课外活动 (演讲或晚会等); 3.运用英语 (口头或书面

交流);

4.你的建议
(请考生根据自己的经历与感想,提出两至三点建议) 注意:1.对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻 译。 2.词数150左右。 3.作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 4.参考词汇:interactive adj.互动的 _________________________________

【满分作文】
①Recently,we had a discussion on how to make learning English relaxing and fun.Most students believe that there are many

ways to do so.First of all,we can have more interactive activities in
class,such as discussions,interviews,story-telling and role-pla y.② In this way,we can have more fun learning English.③ Seco ndly,we can take part in more out-of-class activities like Engli sh speech contests and English evenings.Through these activities w e can improve our English skills in an easy and relaxing way.④ Thir dly,we need to find more opportunities to communicate in Engl ish with people,whether they are English teachers or classmate

s,foreigners or Chinese,because using English is the best way
to learn.

These ideas sound reasonable and practical.From my experienc

e,there are many other interesting and relaxing ways.For exampl
e,we can listen to English songs and watch English movies.⑤We c an also watch English programs on TV or join English clubs or

make English pen-friends on the Internet.
All in all,what we need is more free time and more space.

【高级词汇】

have more fun learning English学英语更有趣
improve our English skills 提高英语技能 from my experience从我的经验来说

【佳句变换】

1.Recently,there was a heated discussion in our class about
how to make English learning relaxing and fun. 2.These activities are fun and make us experience great joy a

nd feel the sense of achievement.
3.Next,it makes a great difference to take part in more outof-class activities like English speech contests and English evenings.

4.In addition,as the saying goes that practice makes perfec
t,so never fear losing face in communication,and we'd better mak e full use of every opportunity to practise spoken English with class mates,teachers and foreign guests. It is also beneficial to watch English programs on TV or join E nglish clubs or make English penfriends on the Internet.

Ⅰ.词汇链条 strait channel 1.__________n.海峡 __________n.频道;海峡 majority major 2.__________n.大多数;大半 __________adj.主要的; 较大的 __________n.少数 minority cattle cow 3.__________n.牛 (总称) ________n.奶牛 bull _________

_n.公牛 __________n.阉牛 bullock

__________n.(阉割的)大公牛 ox (oxen)

__________n.小牛 calf slippery slip 4.__________n.&v.滑动;滑行 __________adj.滑的;不

可靠的
race 5.__________n.种族 __________adj.种族的 racial civil citizen 6.__________adj.公民的;国内的 __________n.公民

________n.文明 civilization

grasp 7.__________n.&v.抓住;掌握;领会 apparent 8.__________adj.显然的 apparently __________adv.显然地;显而易
见地

angel 9.__________n.角;角度 __________n.天使 angle justice 10.__________n.正义;公平 immigrate 11.__________vi.迁徙;移入immigration __________n.迁徙;移入

语境助记——词不离句,句不离段

Apparently a high percentage of American population are from different nationalities and races.The majority are not natives,so their social culture is a mixture.

Ⅱ.重点短语
1.____________继续生存;继续存在 live on by means of 2.____________用??办法;借助 make a life 3.____________习惯于新的生活方式、工作等 keep up 4.____________坚持;沿袭(风俗、传统等) 5.____________背靠背 back to back team up with 6.____________与??合作或在一起工作

画线;标出……的界限 7.mark out_____________________ 包括;吸收 8.take in____________ 许多;很多 9.a great/good many____________ 申请 10.apply for____________
发生;想到;想起 11.occur to____________________ 12.be thankful to sb for sth_____________________ 因为某事对某人感激

Ⅲ.经典句式
1.She could not speak,but made her wishes known

by_________ signs.她不会说话,但她用手势表达了她的愿 means of 望。
occurred to 2.An excellent idea___________me when I woke up this mor ning. 今早起床时,我突然想到一个很棒的点子。 mark out 3.We must ________ the tennis court ________ready for pla y these days. 这些日子我们必须把网球场地划好以备使用。

4.He __________ to go into business alone rather than team u ________ preferred
p with anyone else. 他情愿独自经商,而不愿与人合伙。 good at taking 5.He's a clever talker—and ______________ people in. 他说话很狡猾,很会欺骗人。

Ⅳ.短文填空
I'll never forget the day when I went home after school.It was r aining so __1__(大) that I had to wait for the rain to stop.But __2__

half an hour it was still raining.Seeing this,the guard at the gate off
ered to __3__(借给) me his umbrella. I accepted at once.With his help,I got home on time __4__get ting wet.The next morning,when I __5__ the umbrella to the guar d,I said “thank you” to him,__6__(留) him a note to express my __7__ sincerely.To my surprise,he said no one had__8__ written hi m to say “thank you”,and it meant a lot to him. So in my___9__,saying “thank you” to others is not only eas

y__10__ also meaningful to the person who says it and the receiver!

答案 1.heavily/hard 2.after 3.lend
5.returned 10.but

4.without

6.leaving 7.thanks 8.ever 9.opinion

means n.手段;方法;
mean v.意思是;打算 by all means当然可以,一定,务必

by means of 依靠
by no means 绝不,一点也不 by this means =in this way用这种方法 means of travel /transportation交通方式

resources/means/riches/wealth
辨析 resources既可指自然资源方面的富有,也可指在精神财富

方面的富有;means和riches多指物质方面的富有,前者尤指货
币和不动产,后者尤指财富;不管是物质的或非物质的东西, 只要是有价值的、可以累积的都可用wealth表示。

(1)The quickest means of travel is by plane.
最快的交通工具是飞机。[英华大辞典] (2)This is by no means the first time you have been late.

这绝不是你第一次迟到了。[英华大辞典]

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
(1) —Can I come and have a look at your new house? —Yes,__________! (2011· 浙江卷,17)

A.with pleasure
C.I quite agree 解析

B.I like it
D.by all means

本题考查情景交际用语,结合语境理解。根据语境

问句是典型的Can I...提出请求而非建议,故不能选A(with pleas ure是对建议的回答,“乐意地”),选项B和C不恰当,选项D.b y all means(一定,务必)表示肯定回答,符合句意。 答案 D

(2)If you think that treating a woman well means always_____
_____her permission for things,think again.(2012·烟台质检) A.gets B.got

C.to get
答案 D

D.getting

occur vi. 发生;出现;存在
sth occur 发生 occur to sb 使某人突然想起 突然想起 it occurs to sb to do sth 突然想起做某事 it occur to sb that

happen/occur/take place
辨析 这三者均可作“发生”解。它们的区别是:

(1)happen和occur往往表示事情的发生带有偶然性,happen
是一般用语,occur是较正式用语;take place常指按计划“发 生”。例如: The explosion happened/occurred during an exercise near the t own. 在离市镇不远的地方演习时发生了爆炸。 The talk is scheduled to take place tomorrow morning at eight o 'clock.预定明早8时举行会谈。

(2)当表示具体事情的名词作主语时,用happen和occur都

可,如果不是表示具体事情的词则多用happen。在否定句里一
般用occur。例如: These events happened/occured last year.

这些事是去年发生的。
What happened after I left?我走后发生了什么事情? It didn't occur to him to ask for help.

他没想到请别人帮忙。
下面两个句子意思不同: It happens that I am there. 碰巧我在那里。 It so happens that I am there. 事情发生得那么凑巧,我在那里。

(1)It never occurred to me that I had seen her before somewher
e.我想不起来以前我在哪儿见过她。[朗文] (2)A wonderful idea occurred to him.

他突然想到一个妙主意。[朗文]

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
(1)Drunk driving,which was once a________occurrence,is now under control.(2010·福建卷)

A.general
C.normal 解析

B.frequent
D.particular

考查形容词。A项意为“普遍的,全面的”;B项意

为“时常发生的”;C项意为“正常的,正规的”;D项意为 “特别的,特殊的”。句意:“酒后驾车,是过去常常发生的 事,但现在已得到控制。”通过辨析四个选项可知,应选B项。 答案 B

(2)Jack,did it ever__________to you that you would be punis
hed for cheating in the exam?(2012·常州模拟) A.happen B.reflect

C.occur
答案 C

D.strike

majority n. 多数;大半;成年 majority of 大多数;大部分

overwhelming majority 压倒性多数
vast majority 绝大多数,大部分 the great majority 很大一部分

in the majority 占多数
in the minority 占少数

(1) A majority of people seem to prefer TV to radio.
大多数人好像喜欢看电视而不喜欢听收音机。[牛津] (2)She reaches her majority next month.

她下个月就到成年年龄了。[牛津]
直通高考——看看高考怎么考 __________earlier online survey showed that __________majo rity of Chinese believe Yuan Longping deserves a Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to fighting against world hunger.(2012·日照模 拟) A.The;the C.An;/ B.The;a D.An;the

答案 D

indicate vt.表明;指出;预示;象征
indicate fine weather 预示好天气 indicate one's intention 表明意图

indicate the reasons 表明理由
indicate by 用??指示 indicate with one's eyes 用目光示意 indicate clearly 清楚地表明 indicate+that-clause/wh-clause 表明

mean/connote/denote/imply/indicate/signify/
辨析 suggest/symbolize

这组词的共同意思是“意指”。其区别是:
mean是普通用语,对于明确与否的观点、物品都可以用; suggest意为“具有??的含义”,“暗示,表明”。例如:

He claims to mean one thing,but his choice of words sugge
sts quite another.他宣称指的是一件事,而他的话却含有另外一 个含义。 indicate与imply意为“说明,表明,象征”,indicate通常 指明显、明确的事物。例如: A high fever indicates a severe illness. 高烧预示着要生重病了。

imply通常指含蓄地、不明确地“暗示”。例如:
His smile implied that he had forgotten all about the time. 他的笑预示着他完全忘记了时间。

denote与connote通常指明示的内容、含义,从外观上即可
看出。例如: The word “lion” denotes/connotes a certain kind of animal. “狮子”这个词指一种动物。 connote与suggest和imply有时可以替换,但connote的用法 比其他两个词较为正式。例如: Hunger connotes/suggests/implies unhappiness. 饥饿就预示着不高兴。

signify与symbolize表示“意味,象征”,symbolize通常指
用物、符号代表某物,着重表示抽象的概念。例如: What does this strange mark signify/symbolize?

这个奇怪的符号代表什么?
signify有时可以和mean互换。例如: A red sunset signifies/means fine weather. 一轮火红的落日象征着一个好天气。

(1)What a nation likes to eat indicates the temperament of the n
ation. 一个民族喜欢吃什么,就能表示出他们的性情来。[牛津] (2)My car's gas gauge indicated that there was little gas left. 我车上的汽油表显示剩下的油不多了。[朗文]

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
You see,the arrow on the wall__________the way to the park ing lot.(2012·长春质检)

A.announces
解析

B.indicates C.declares

D.says

announce,宣布;述说;预示;播报,declare,宣

布,声明;断言,indicate,表明;指出;预示;象征,这里是 “墙上的箭头指明”。 答案 B

react readily 立即作出反应
react slowly 反应迟钝 react against 反对?抗? react by 以??方式作出反应 react on/upon对??起作用?有影响? react to对??作出反应?评价?

(1)A dog reacts to

kindness by wagging its tail.

狗摇尾巴以报答人们的爱护。[朗文] (2)Children sometimes react against the thing their parents beli

eve in.孩子们有时反对他们的父母信仰的事。[朗文]

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
The government has__________to the outbreak of violence by sending scores of soldiers to police the area.(2012·山东平邑质检)

A.reacted
C.adapted 解析

B.contributed
D.turned

react to反应;影响;contribute to 贡献,adapt to,

适应,turn to,求助于,所以选择A,政府作出反应。 答案 A

take in 包括;吸收 take after长相或举止像(某个长辈)

take apart 拆开;拆散
take as看作,认为 take away拿走;使停止,使离开;使消失;减去

take back承认说错了(话),收回(诺言,话语)
take down拿下,取下;记下来 take in接待(某人)留宿;欺瞒,欺骗;充分理解,掌握 take off起飞;请假;开始有成就;开始受欢迎;开始成名 take on开始雇用;开始具有或呈现??面貌;承担(责任 等)

take to喜欢上
take over接管 take up开始花时间从事(某项活动);对??产生兴趣;开

始学习(某课程),选修;(事物或事件)占用了(时间或空间)
take a chance 碰碰运气,冒??风险 take...by surprise 奇袭;出其不意做某事,使惊奇

(1)She takes after her mother.
她长得像她母亲。[牛津] (2)I listened to the speech carefully,but still I couldn'ttake it all in .我注意听那讲演了,可还是不能完全理解。[朗文]

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
(1)On my desk is a photo that my father took of________when I was a baby.(2010·四川卷)

A.him
C.me 解析

B.his
D.mine

考查代词。take a photo of sb意为给某人照相,此处

应用人称代词的宾格。正确答案为C。 答案 C

(2)We tried to find a table for seven,but they were all_______
___.(2009·安徽卷) A.given away B.kept away

C.taken up
解析

D.used up

本题考查动词短语的区别。give away泄露,捐赠;

keep away,控制在外;take up占据;use up用光,用尽。 答案 C

That is why...这就是为什么??(why从句说明结果内容) That is because...这就是因为??(because从句说明原因) The reason why...is that...这是特定句型,why引导定语从 句,is后的用词为that,一般不用because。 The reason why she did it is that she wouldn't let her parents fe

el disappointed.
她为什么做那件事是因为她不想让父母失望。

该句中的why引导一个定语从句,而that引导表语从句。句
中that引导的表语从句说明主语reason的具体内容。 注意以下三种结构:

(1)The reason is / was that-clause...当主语是reason/cause
时,一般不能用because或why引导表语从句,以免造成语意重 复。 The reason why/for which/(也可以省去) he was late was tha t he got up late. 他迟到的原因是他起床晚了。 (2)当主语是this/that时,可以由because/why引导表语从 句。

He got up late.That was why he was late for class.
He was late for class.That was because he got up late.

(2)当主语是this/that时,可以由because/why引导表语从
句。 He got up late.That was why he was late for class.

He was late for class.That was because he got up late.
(3)why在句中是关系副词,引导定语从句,修饰先行词reas on,同时它在定语从句中作状语,此时why = for which,但要 注意:关系词在定语从句中做主语或宾语时,要用关系代词that 或which。 The reason why/for which/(也可以省去) he was late was tha t he got up late. 他迟到的原因是他起床晚了。

The reason that/which/(也可以省去) he gave you was reasona
ble.他给你的理由是合理的。

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
The reason________death was feared was________no man co uld experience it twice.(2012·山东平邑质检) A.why;that C.why;why 解析 B.why;because D.because;that

考查The reason why...is that...,这是特定句型,why

引导定语从句,that 引导表语从句。 答案 A

Ⅰ.品句填词 1.Testing is still the usual m________by which students' prog ress is measured. 2.As we can see,in the nursing profession,women are in t he m________. 3.As the wages were low,there were few a________for the job. 4.I saw in the paper that another earthquake had o________in

Sichuan,causing few deaths.
5.The bell i________the end of the class rang,interrupting o ur heated discussion.

6.What___________(百分数)of babies die of this disease in
African countries every year? 7.It was___________(显而易见) from her face that she was r

eally upset.Better leave her alone.
8.Having been given such a good chance,how could she let it__________(溜过) away? 9.He earned his living by________(出租) himself out to who ever needed his services. 10.She __________(插入) her key into the lock,turned it bu t the lock wouldn't open.

答案

1.means

2.majority

3.applicants

4.occurred

5.ind

icating 6.percentage 7.apparent 8.slip 9.hiring 10.inserted

Ⅱ.短语识境

team up with;take in;keep up;apply for;by means of; mark out;in addition;home to;occur to;feel like
1.A good idea__________Jane while she was talking to Mar y. 2.They__________the tennis court with white paint. 3.People gain valuable work experience and,__________, employers can afford to employ them. 4.Do you__________ going for a swim after we have finishe d the work?

5.The mountain is __________ a good many wild animals an
d rare plants.

6.The woman was__________ by the businessman's offers of
marriage and stupidly gave him most of her money. 7.You can __________one other class member if you want.

8.I'm now writing to__________admission to your language
school. 9.They eventually succeeded__________perseverance. 10.I hope the fine weather will__________.The crops need m uch sunshine. 答案 1.occurred to 2.marked out 10.keep up 3.in addition 4.feel lik e 5.home to 6.taken in 7.team up with 8.apply for

9.by means of

Ⅲ.翻译句子
1.他绝不会放弃。(by no means) ____________________________________________

2.她没想到请别人帮忙。(occur to )
_______________________________________________ 3.他说话很狡猾,很会欺骗人。(take in) _____________________________________________ 4.据说那本书是今年最畅销的书。(be believed to) _______________________________________________ 5.据说没人能独自乘独木舟横渡大洋。(on one's own) ______________________________________________

答案 1.By no means will he give up.
2.It didn't occur to her to ask for help. 3.He's a clever talker and good at taking people in.

4.The book is believed to be the best-seller of this year.
5.No one is known to have sailed across the ocean by canoe o n their own.

【典例1】 Deeply touched by the boy's words,Moody decide d to create a foundation(基金会)that__26__(introduces)teenagers to t he basics of fishing in camping programs.“As a policeman,I saw_

_27__there was violence,drugs were always behind it.They have a
damaging__28__on the kids.”says Moody.(2010·天津卷) 27.A.where B.unless

C.as
28.A.impression C.decision

D.whether
B.burden D.impact

解析

27题很容易选错从句引导词。可能误选C,认为此

处表原因。其实此处应用where来引导地点状语从句,意思是 “在有暴力的地方,其后总有毒品”。而28题可能会误选成A,

以为是have an impression on这个短语,但根据上下文语境可
知,此处表示“对??有影响”,应该用have an impact on这个 固定短语。 答案 27.A 28.D

【典例2】 He did not contact(联系)his father for a whole year
__45__one day he saw in the street an old man who looked like his fa ther.He__46__(realized)he had to go back home and see his father.(2

009·辽宁卷)
45.A.until C.before 解析 s。 答案 A B.as D.unless

做此题时,考生容易受习惯思维的影响,仅从词义

辨析的角度进行思考,而忽略了利用语法解答题目,从而误选a

【方法指导】
1.语法知识和习惯搭配 虽然最近几年的完形填空题主要考查考生的语境理解能

力,但也会涉及固定搭配、固定句型等语法知识的考查。本例
中的27题考查的状语从句就是一个很典型的语法知识点,另外 一些固定短语和习惯搭配也经常在完形填空中出现,考生也要 重视。 2.找准解题的突破口 涉及语法及固定搭配等知识时,考生可以考虑从这些知识 中寻找突破口。如果注意到45题中句子前半部分中的not,就可 以轻而易举地判断此处是“not...until...”结构,表示“直到??

才??”,从而有效地节省了时间。


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