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2014高考英语语法专题复习精品课件49:强调句型


49《强调句型》

我来考考你
C This is the farm ____ he used to work.
A. that C. where B. which D. in which

where = on which

定语从句

成分分析(缺什么用什么)

r /> 变式呈现

Think!!

(1)It is the farm____ he used to

work.
A. that C. where B. which D. in which

思考解题
(2) It was I ____ lost the book.
(3) It was the book ____ I lost.

(4) It was yesterday _____ I lost the
book. (5) It was in the street _____ I lost the book.
A. that

答案:that
B. which C. in which D. where

分析比较
(1) It is the farm where he used ______
定语从句 to work. that (5) It was in the street _______ I 强调句型 lost the book.

不同: 第一,例(1)为It is,例(5)为It was; 第二,例(1)为名词短语the farm, 例(5)为介词短语in the street。所以

结论

强调句型的特点: 用来强调一个句子中除谓语 以外的句子成分。去掉强调句式 It is/was…that (who, whom)…后, 剩余句子的结构和句意是完整的。

A.常见的强调句的陈述形式

I bought this car in that shop last month. It was I who/that bought this car in that shop last month. (强调主语) It was this car that I bought in that shop last month.
(强调宾语)

It was in that shop that I bought this car last month.
(强调地点状语)

It was last month that I bought this car in that shop.
(强调时间状语)
注:在此种句型中,被强调部分可以是主语,状语,宾语, 谓语部分不可以被强调.

B.强调句的一般问句和特殊问句

一般问句形式是:Is/Was it + 被强调部分 +that/who+句子其他成分?如:

Was it this car that you bought in that shop last month?
特殊问句形式是:Wh-疑问词 + is/was +that/who + 句子其他成分?如:

When was it that I bought this car in that shop?

c. “not…until…”句型的强调结构为
“It is/was not until…that…”
I didn't finish my homework until 5:00.

It was not until 5:00 that I finished my homework.
He didn't realize his mistakes until he graduated from high school . It was not until he graduated from high school that he realized his mistakes.

新旧知识联系
用that ,before, when, since完成句子
(11) It was three hours ago _____ he left here. ( 答案: that ,强调句型) (12) It was three o’clock ______ he left here. ( 答案: when,时间状语从句) (13) It is three hours _________ he left here. ( 答案: since,时间状语从句) (14) It will be three hours ___ he leaves here. ( 答案: before,时间状语从句) (15) It wasn’t long ________ he left here. ( 答案: before,时间状语从句)

解题法:删除法

缺什么用什么

探究 交流 发现
(6) It was 6 o’clock ______ he got up. (7) It was at 6 o’clock ______ he got up. (8) It was at the station _______ I met him. (9) It was there _______ I met him. (10) It was this morning ________ the accident happened. Keys:

when that that that that

注 意
It was Tom ( who(that) ) I met last week. It is a new book( that ) his brother wants to buy.

? 1.当被强调部分指人时,可用that,也可用who; 指物时,只用that

?2.强调状语时,

只用that,不用when, where.

It is at 5 o'clock( that(不用when) )the train will arrive. It was in the park ( that (不用where ) ) I saw Kate last week.

注 意
3.被强调的部分是主语时,注意句子的谓语动词和

被强调的主语保持一致。如: is It is he who _____ late. are It is they that _____ late.

4、在强调句型中考察主谓一致与比较结构。
1.It is not luck but difficulties that____ him success. A. makes B. make 2.Personally I think it is the sales manager, rather than the sales girls, who______ to blame. A. is B. are 句式结构为: It is/was not…but…that… ; 不是…而是…(that后的动词与 but 后的名词或代词保 _ 持一致) It is/was … rather than… that… ; 是…而不是… ( that后的动词应与rather than 前面 _____ 的名词或代词保持一致)





5、强调句型中的be动词和情态动词的结合。
? ? ? ? 句式结构: It may be+ 被强调部分+ that … It must have been+被强调部分+ that … Could it be +被强调部分+that…?

1.It might have been John ______bought a new book for Mary yesterday. A. what B. since C. that D. then 再如: 2.It may be next week that she ______ leaves for Tokyo.



6、强调句型中含有名词性从句。
句式结构为: 整个强调句型用作名词性从句;
?

I’ve already forgotten _________you put the dictionary.
A. that it was there B. where was it that



C. that where it was

D. where it was that

7.强调句型中含有 同位语从句 :
It was at the very beginning ____Mr. Fox

made the decision _____ we should send
more firefighters消防队员 there.

A. when; which
? C. then; so

D. √ that; that

B. where; what

8、强调句型中含有定语从句。
? . It was in the small house _____ was built with stones by his father ____he spent his childhood. ? A. which; that B. that; where ? C. which; which D. that; which



9、强调句型中含有状语从句。 It was because he was ill that he didn’t come. It was since she came here that she began to crying. It is when he found a mouse that he realized it was a dirty room. 被强调的部分是原因,时间,……等状语从句。

巩固练习

完成练习

小结
1. 强调句型:“It is(was)+被强调的部分+ that(who)+原句其它部分”来强调说话人的 意愿。 that 前为被强调部分,that 后为句子的其 余部分。 2.去掉It was …that后,句子还是完整的,所以 它们仍然是强调句型。反之则是其他从句。 It was in the hall that we held the English party. (强调句) We held the English party in the hall. It was the hall where (in which) we held the English party. (定语从句)

Practice makes perfect! Do more exercises about the Emphatic Sentence.
May you succeed in your studies!


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