当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

完形填空解题技巧1:主题句与词场


完形填空解题技巧1 主题句和“词场”

Step 1. 词场(Semantic Field) ?Who can sing the famous Chinese folk song “外婆 的澎湖湾”?
?晚风轻拂澎湖湾 白浪逐沙滩 没有椰林缀斜阳 只是一片海蓝蓝 坐在门前矮墙上 一遍遍怀想 也是黄昏的沙滩上 有着脚印两对半 那时外婆拄着杖 将我手轻

轻挽 踩着薄暮走向余晖 暖暖的澎湖湾 一个脚印是笑语一串 消磨许多时光 直到夜色吞没我俩 在回家的 路上 澎湖湾澎湖湾 外婆的澎湖湾 有我许多的童年幻想 阳光 沙滩 海浪 仙人掌 还有一位老船长

?In this song, we can find these words: evening wind,

Penghu Bay, white waves, beach, coconut trees, sunset, blue sea, short walls, footprints, dusk, laughter, cactus, old captain……. ?What do these words have in common? Are they related to each other?

Step 2. Exercise Mini Cloze (微完形)
1、One morning, the boy came to Robert with a beautiful map of an island. Robert noticed that the boy had drawn a large cross in the middle of D (45)______. “What’s that?” he asked. “That’s the buried treasure.” (2009全国卷I) A. the sea B. the house C. Scotland D. the island

2. It’s a little funny seeing friends in clean shoes B and trousers or colorful (36)______, instead of the usual school uniform. (2007北京卷) A. shapes B. dresses C. flowers D. pictures

3. Sometimes I’d get (45)_____ D and take a shot at the wrong direction--which made me feel really stupid. (2001北京卷) A. committed B. motivated C. embarrassed D. confused
confused ? wrong direction ? stupid/embarrassed

4. Our meetings were not (26)____; C our conversation was filled with arguments and quarrels. (2010全国卷II) A. normal B. necessary C. pleasant D. possible 5. It began when a teacher suggested I try out for the basketball team. At first I thought it was a crazy (39)____ A . (2011北京卷) A. idea B. plan C. belief D. saying

Step 3. Topic Sentence 1. How can you find the topic sentence of a passage? 2. What information can you get from the topic sentence? 3. According to the topic sentence, can you find some key words to summarize the passage? 4. Do you know the relationship between the key words and the structure of the passage?

Step 4. Comments on the test paper of Week 6 Cloze test: 1. What’s the style/form of this passage? an expository writing(说明文) 2. What’s the structure of an expository writing? phenomenon--(causes)--solutions/suggestions 3. Read the first paragraph, and find out the topic sentence. Many kids think that class and learning is boring. (Introducing sentence) ……… So how can a teacher make learning about first aid interesting? (Topic sentence)

4. What information can you get from the topic sentence? And what are the key words? Many kids think that class and learning is boring. (the leading in sentence) ……… So how can a teacher make learning about first aid interesting? (Topic sentence) Key words: class/learning, boring/interesting, first aid

5. Think about what other words can be related to the following key words. Let’s have a competition. class/learning: students, teacher, subject, lesson, class, activity, game, competition (compare, reward), score, homework, …… boring/interesting: difficult, hard, stress, happy, fun, exciting, fond/fondness…… first aid: injure, wound, bleed, save, breath, patient, doctor, take care, check/examine/look over, medicine/pill, bandage, ……

1. A. difficult 2. A. games

B. disappointing C. strange B. words C. ideas

D. worrying D. subjects

3. A. Now, alwayslet’s check B. never 6. the

C. often D. sometimes answers. 4. A. prepared B.answer different words C.were boring D. private just 7. How many mentioned 5. A. educated B. trained C. focused D. involved now? 6. A. cared 7. A. business 8. A. fail 9. A. compare B. blamed B. connection B. check B. introduce C. thanked C. wait C. expose C. guide C. formal C. lesson C. jokes D. called D. stop D. relate D. reward D. fun D. answer D. articles C. situation D. system

10. A. protection B. permission 11. A. organized B. simple 12. A. time 13. A. questions 14. A. believing 15. A. save B. activity B. stories B. suggesting B. follow

C. meaning D. providing C. lead D. build

Step 5. Exercise I became a gardener when I was twelve. My early C __21__ of gardening may not have originated from my love for nature. It was to __22__ my D not love = ???? parents.
21.A.memory B.dream C.intention D.design 22.A.please ? B.change?C.help ? D. ?annoy

Q1. What are the key words of paragraph 1? Who? What? Why? I, parents gardening/nature not love/annoy Q2. What are the attitudes to gardening between my parents and me?

Tell which words are commendatory(褒义) and which are derogatory(贬义) or neutral(中性)?
23.A.doubt 24.A.equal 25.A.discouraging 26.A.to 27.A.Luckily 28.A.shouted 29.A.troublesome 30.A.sadness 31.A.dislike 32.A.decided 33.A.devote 34.A.defeat 35.A.freedom B.appreciation B.similar B.valuable B.with B.Cheerfully B.laughed B.convenient B.displeasure C.surprise C.opposite C.interesting C.in C.Regularly C.glanced C.enjoyable C.delight D.excitement D.superior D.upsetting D.by D.Eventually D.jumped D.dangerous D.relief D.suggestion D.struggled D.respond D.challenge D.life

B.encouragement C.threat B.stopped B.turn B.satisfy B.nature C.continued C.lead C.respect C.growth

Step 6. NMET, 2010 GD
Doors may have different functions and differences purposes which lead to cultural differences. doors 3. doors 1. different different 6. strange 4.enter 5. same

cultural

2. cultural

9. unconsciously

10. embarrassed


相关文章:
完形填空解题技巧 一
那么利用文章主题 解题就是要时刻怀揣着主题,看哪个...要仔细琢磨句与句之间的关系,领会信息词的暗示,做出...完形填空失分原因 1 词汇掌握不到位 完形的词汇量...
浅谈完形填空解题技巧与方法
几点技巧: 1 充分利用首句信息 完形填空的特点是...3 重视主题句 完形填空所用的短文一般不给标题,但...或词与词搭配不妥, 或存在语法错误,或与上下文有...
英语完形填空解题技巧(学生版)
英语完形填空解题技巧一、单纯的语法知识、固定搭配、惯用法、常用句型、词语辨异...下面仅以一些常用词在具体的上下文语境中的词义变化为例: 1、opposite the ...
【备考2014】完形填空题14种解题技巧
完形填空题 14 种解题技巧 1.利用逻辑关系解题 ...知识的考查,主要体现在习惯用法和同义词、近义词的...细读首句可启示全文。而尾句又往往是对文章主题的...
完形填空解题技巧
个有效的主题句应该有以下两 个标准: 1.Topic:...4、 从上下文寻找信息词 完形填空所选的文章都是...解题要限时,体裁要多样,运用正确 的解题方法与技巧...
英语完形填空解题技巧
D. meanwhile 1、充满信心。 无论做什么事情,信心十分重要。做完形填空题时要...或是含有主题词句子,可以根据它来把握文 章的中心思想,为下面做题奠定基础。...
高考英语完形填空解题技巧解析[1]
高考英语完形填空解题技巧解析[1]_高考_高中教育_...阅读全文,抓住文章的主题,搞清作者的思路及上下文的...找准定位词 充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对...
高考完形填空解题技巧
2015 年高考英语完形填空解题技巧 1. 依据上下文确定答案的法则:从近几年的...A 项,由句意可知。 】 应试技巧三:复现解题法:这类题多为同义词、近义词和...
高考英语完形填空解题技巧1
高考英语完形填空解题技巧 1 1.利用首句信息 从...和词语搭配及从选择项中寻找解题的提示,以词、句的...尾句的理解, 因为它们往往提示或点明文章的主题,对...
英语完形填空解题技巧
填空的词项一般包括结构词 实意词。 大学英语...篇完形填空文章的主题 汇总如下: 2006 年 6 月:...二、完形填空解题步骤 1. 首段首句是关键 审视...
更多相关标签: