第一组 语法填空 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在标有16 ~ 25的空格处填入一 个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 A. Seventy-four-year-olds are 16 most contented people in the world, according to a new research. 17 (few) responsi
bilities, financial worries and more free time lead to contentment previously unknown in earlier life. According to the research, happiness 18 (decline) from the teenage years to 40. It levels off until 46 and then starts to increase until peaking at 74. Scientists from Germany and America regularly questioned 21,000 men and women 19 happy they were with their lives, providing a scale from one to seven: seven indicated complete contentment. Teenagers in their late teens marked themselves at around 5.5 which fell 20 around 5 by age 40. At 74, happiness averaged at 5.9. The report, 21 (publish) in the journal Social Indicators Research, said this could be due to older people being more appreciative. It concluded, “Compared to younger individuals, older people tend to place a greater emphasis 22 emotional aspects of social interactions and are likely to remember the emotional content of their experiences.” Bringing up a family, buying a house and 23 (create) a career add to the stresses experienced by those in 24 twenties and thirties. The change in happiness is apparently most obvious among British people. The men and women 25 live in Germany have relatively stable levels of satisfaction throughout their lives. B Just up the road from my home is a field, with two horses in it. From a distance, each horse looks like any other horse. But if you get a _16____ (close) look you will notice one of them is blind. Instead of abandoning him, his owner has made him a safe and comfortable barn to live in. And if you stand nearby and listen, you will hear the sound of a bell__17___ (come) from __18___ smaller horse. Attached to __19___ (it) halter is a small, copper-colored bell assisting the blind friend to follow him. ____20__you watch them, you'll find the horse with the bell always checking on the blind one, and that the blind horse will listen for the bell and then slowly walk to __21____ the other one is, trusting he will not ___22____ (lead) astray. When the horse with the bell returns to the barn each evening, he will stop ___23____ (frequent) to look back, making sure that the __24___ isn't too far behind to hear the bell. Life does not throw us away just because we are not perfect or because we have problems or challenges. Sometimes we are the blind horse being guided by the little ringing bell of our acquaintances; ___25____other times we are the guide horse, who helps others to
find their way. C During an 1899 F4 tornado (龙卷风) in Missouri, three people, Miss Moorehouse, Mrs. Webster, and her son were caught up in the storm. They __16___ (carry) nearly one mile, but were let down so gently __17__none of the three was seriously injured. Here is Moorehouse?s ___18_ (describe) of her unbelievable flight. ??I was conscious all the time when I was flying through the air and ___19__ seemed a long time. I seemed to be lifted up, __20___ (go) up to a great height. At one time I was far above the church towers, and seemed to be carried to a ___21__ (distance) place. As I was going through the air, I saw a horse, __22__ was a white one and had a harness (马具) on, floating about with me. By the way __23___ horse kicked and struggled as it was thrown about, I knew it was alive. I was afraid that it would knock into me, ___24__ it did not. Finally, I was mercifully landed __25__ the ground unharmed, saved by luck.” D Stephen Hawking, who is the most famous physicist, was born in Britain on January 8 th, 1942. As a child, he was enthusiastic about 16 (design) complicated toys but 17 (fortune), in his twenties, he suffered 18 a disease that was impossible to be cured, 19 was a great challenge for him. However, not only was he positive about the misfortunes 20 eventually he defeated all the obstacles but also he was 21 (absorb) in his research in the universe. In 1988, his best-seller A Brief History of Time was published, 22 which he put forward the idea 23 time itself has a beginning, and that it will have 24 end. In conclusion, he has made outstanding 25 (contribute) to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity. E There are fifty-two cards in an ordinary deck. A deck of cards can be arranged in just about 80, 660× 100?ways. And if each deck, ? 16 (arrange) in different ways, weighed only as much as a single hydrogen atom (the lightest atom), all the decks together 17 (weigh) a billion times as much as the sun. The design of the king found on all standard playing-card decks has, with slight changes, remained the same for three centuries. 18 is believed to be based on a painting of the English ruler Charles I (1600-1649). The picture of the queen is 19 more doubtful origins, 20 some think it was taken from 21 early painting of Queen Elizabeth I. Over the centuries, cards have been put to strange uses, some of 22 sounds incredible nowadays. Playing-cards, for example, became the first paper money of Canada 23 the French governor, in 1685, employed cards to pay off some war debts. In 1765, the year of the Stamp Act, the University of Pennsylvania used cards for class admission. The students without cards were kept outside. The French Revolution was well-known for the fact 24 the quantity of food was 25 (extreme) in short supply. During that period, Napoleon
ordered that people could get limited food according to how many cards a family had. F Since Thanksgiving Day was coming, the teacher gave her class 16 fun assignment—to draw a picture of something 17 which they were thankful. Most of the students might consider 18 (celebrate) the holiday with turkey and other traditional goodies of the season. But Douglas, a different boy, made 19 (expect) kind of picture. In his paper was just an empty hand. His abstract image captured the 20 (imagine) of his peers. One child guessed it was the hand of a farmer, because farmers posses turkeys. 21 suggested a police officer, because the police protect people. And so the discussion went—until the teacher almost forgot the young artist himself. When the children had gone on to other assignments, she paused at Douglas? desk, and asked him 22 hands it was. The little boy looked away and murmured, "It's yours, teacher." She recalled the times she 23 (take) his hand and gone outside. How often had she said, "Let's do this together?" The story speaks of more than thankfulness. It says something about teaching 24 (parent) and friendship, and how much it means to Douglas. They might not always say thanks, but they'll remember the hand 25 reaches out. G When you start talking about good and bad manners you immediately start meeting difficulties. Many people just cannot agree to ___16___ they mean. We asked a lady, who replied that she thought you could tell a well-mannered person __17__ the way they occupied the space around them—for example, when such a person walks down a street he or she is constantly aware of others. Such people never bump into other people. However, ___18___second person thought that this was ____19__ a question of civilized behavior than good manners. Instead, this other person told us a story, which he said was quite well known, ___20___ an American who had been invited to an Arab meal in one of the countries of the Middle East. The American __21___ (tell) very much about the kind of food he might expect. __22___ he had known about Arab food, he might have behaved better. Immediately before him was a very flat piece of bread that looked, to him, very much like a napkin (餐巾）. __23__ (pick) it up, he put it into his collar, so that it fell across his shirt. His Arab host, who had been watching, said nothing, __24____ immediately copied the action of his guest. And that, said _25___ second person, was a fine example of good manners. H Hic! You've just hiccupped(打嗝) for the tenth time since you finished dinner. Wonder ___16 these funny noises are coming from? The part __17 (blame) is your diaphragm, the muscle（肌肉）at the bottom of your chest. All hiccups start here. The diaphragm almost always ___18 (work) perfectly--- it pulls down when you breathe in to help pull air into the lungs __19 it moves up when you breathe out to help push air out of the lungs. But sometimes the diaphragm becomes upset, and when ___ 20 happens, it
pushes up in an irregular way, making your breath come out differently ____21 how it normally does. When this irregular breath hits your voice box, you're left with a big hiccup. Things ___22 bother the diaphragm include eating too quickly or too much, stomachaches or feeling nervous. If you want to know ___23 to get rid of hiccups, here are some "cures", ___24 (breathe) into a paper bag is one method some people use. Others think taking a mouthful of water is the way to become hiccup-free. Sugar under your tongue might also drive away the hiccups. And maybe the most famous 25 (treat), having someone scare you, also helps beat the hiccups. B 组 语法填空 I A man walked into a bar and asked for a glass of water．The girl behind the bar pulled 16 a gun and shot him 17 （die）．Why? The reader 18 （ask） to give a reasonable explanation for the strange happening．All sorts of suggestions are made: she recognized him 19 a dangerous criminal on the run; she thought 20 was about to attack her; she misheard 21 he said: asking for a glass of water had a special secret meaning for her, and so on．All the explanations suppose that the gun was used in order to hurt the man． is easy to be blocked by this obvious idea． fact, the explanation is that the It In man had a bad attack of hiccups （打嗝）, 22 is why he asked for a glass of water．The girl behind the bar was in fact to help him, 23 she knew that 24 sudden fright could cure hiccups． 25 （know）to her, the gun happened to have been put bullets in that day． J In 1914, Thomas Edison, at the age of 67, lost his factory, 16 was worth a few million dollars, to fire．It had very little insurance．No longer a young man, Edison watched his lifetime effort _17 （go） up in smoke and said, ―There is great value in disasters．All our mistakes are burnt up．Thank God we can start anew．‖ In spite of disasters, three weeks later, _18_invented the phonograph．What __19_ attitude! Below are more examples of the 20 （fail） of successful people: Thomas Edison failed 21 approximate） 10, 000 times while he 22 （work） on the light bulb． （ Henry Ford fired Lee Iacocca at the age of 54． Young Beethoven 23 （tell） that he had no talent for music, 24he gave some of the best music to the world． Setbacks are inevitable in life．A setback can act as a driving force and also teach us humility．In grief you will find courage and faith __25_（overcome） the setback． K
There are some special traditions in Hawaii. People are very friendly and always welcome visitors. They give visitors __16_ lei along necklace of beautiful fresh flowers. Men wear bright _17_ (flower) shirts, and women often wear long flowered dresses. There are ___18__(tradition) Chinese, Japanese and Filipino holidays and all the holidays from the United States. They call Hawaii the Aloha State. Aloha __19__(mean)both hello and goodbye. It also means ―I love you‖. Usually when people from different countries, races, and traditions live together, there are serious problems. There are a few problems in Hawaii,__20___in general, people have learned to live together __21___peace. Hawaiians earn most of their money from travelers; most of __22___ come from the mainland and from Japan. There are many people__23__(live)in Hawaii now so there are residential areas ___24__there used to be farms. Some of the big sugar and pineapple companies have moved to the Philippines, where they do not have to pay workers __25__ much money. The families of the first people who came from the U.S. mainland own the important banks and companies. Japanese are also buying or starting businesses here. L In most cities, 16 or poor, it is the less well off that are most at risk from floods and natural disasters. It was the poor of New Orleans, nearly a 17 (three) of the population, who lived in the lowest-lying parts of the city and 18 (suffer) most from Katrina’s (卡特里 娜飓风) wrath (愤怒). 19 (similar), it was the urban poor of Honduras (洪都拉斯) and its neighbors who were struck hardest 20 Hurricane Mitch in 1998. And it is the people of the slums (贫民窟) more widely in Latin America 21 are most capable of being attacked. In some places, too little water, not too much, is the problem. China’s thirst for industry and 22 ( irrigate) has combined with climate change to drain the aquifers(蓄水层). Droughts seem to be ever more frequent in northern China, and southern cities such as Guangzhou are also affected. Rivers are drying up: the Yellow River now flows to the sea for only 23 few weeks a year. And the rain, when it comes, is intensely acid. To make matters 24 (bad), the glaciers on which both China 25 India partly depend are melting. Any benefits from extra water supplies will be short-term, and damaged by floods. M When I was growing up, I do not recall hearing the words ―I love you‖ from my father. When your father never says __16__ to you when you are a child, it gets tougher and tougher for him __17___(say) those words as he gets __18___(old). To tell the truth, I could not honestly remember __19_ I had last said those words to him either. I decided to set my ego(自我主义) aside and make the first move. ___20__ some hesitation, in our next phone conversation I blurted out (突 然说) the words, ―Dad…I love you!‖ There was a silence at the ___21_ end and he __22___ (awkward) replied, ―Well, same back
at you!‖ I laughed and said, ―Dad, I know you love me, and when you are ready, I know you __23___(express) what you want to.‖ A few weeks later, Dad concluded our phone conversation ___24___the words, ―Paul, I love you.‖ I was at work during this conversation and the tears were rolling down my cheeks, __25___I finally ―heard‖ the love. As we both were in tears we realized that this special moment had taken our father–son relationship to a new level. N The interest in studying abroad, particularly in ESL, is on the rise around the world as students seek to obtain __16__university degree to advance their job opportunities. __17_, students need to decide if studying abroad will help them reach their goals. First, try to determine whether studying abroad will really help you in your future__18_if going overseas is just a fashion or right of passage for citizens in your country. Ask people _19___have studied overseas if the experience has helped them ___20___(educate) and financially in the long run. Second, consider___21__impact studying abroad will have on your family. Will__22_be a financial burden to study overseas? What are your family's expectations for you once you return to your country? Third, think about whether you really are flexible and open-minded enough __23__(endure) the challenges of adjusting to a foreign culture. If you feel__24__(comfort) with your answers to these questions, then you should proceed and look into studying abroad__25__ more detail.
O It was New Year's Night. An aged man raised his mournful eyes towards the deep blue sky, where the stars were floating like white flowers on the surface of a clear calm lake. He had already passed sixty of the stages 16 (lead) to his certain goal — the tomb, and he had brought from his journey nothing 17 mistakes and regret. Now his health was poor, his mind empty, his heart sorrowful, and his old age short of comforts. The days of his youth appeared like dreams before him, and he recalled 18 serious moment when his father placed him at the entrance of the two roads 19 leading to a peaceful, sunny place, covered with beautiful flowers, fresh fruits; the other leading to a deep, dark cave, 20 was endless, where poison flowed instead of water and where devils and poisonous snakes crawled. 21 his New Year's night, he remembered his friends in his childhood, who entered on life together with him. But they had made their way to 22 (success) and were now honored and happy. The clock in the church tower 23 (strike) and the sound made him remember his parents' early love for him. They had taught him 24 prayed to God for his good. But he chose the
wrong way. His darkened eyes were full of 25 (tear), and with a desperate effort, he burst out a cry: "Come back, my early days! Come back!" P Nowadays, it is common that parents buy 16 educational present for their children. A lot of personal computers are place under the Christmas tree this year. 17 (believe) that computers are the key to success, parents are also insisting that children 18 (teach) to use them in school as early as possible. The problem for school is 19 when it comes to computers, parents don’t always know best. Teachers found themselves caught in the middle of the problem between parent 20 (press) and wise educational decisions. Many schools are giving in to parental impatience and are purchasing hardware 21 good educational planning. Educators do not even agree on how computers should be used. Even those 22 believe that all children should have access to computers warn of potential dangers to the very young. The temptation remains strong largely 23 young children adapt so well to computers. However, not every school can afford to go into computing, and that creates 24 problem: a division between the haves and the have-nots. Very few parents are agitating for（倡导）computer instruction in poor school districts, 25 there may be barely enough money to pay the teacher. Q It was dreadfully cold, it was snowing fast, and almost dark; the evening----the last evening of the old year was drawing in. In the cold and darkness, there went along the street a poor little girl, bareheaded and with naked feet. When she left her home she had slippers__16__. __17_, they were much too large for __18__feet---slippers that her mother had used till then and the poor little girl lost them in running across the street __19__when two carriages were passing by _20__(terrible) fast. When she looked for them, one was not to be found, and a boy seized the other and ran away with _21__, saying he would use it as a cradle for his mouse. So the little girl went on with her bare feet__22__were red and blue with cold. In an old apron that she wore __23__(be) bundles of matches, and she carried a bundle also in her hand. No one had brought so much as a bunch all the long day, and no one had given her even _24_ penny. Poor little girl!__25__ (tremble) with cold and hunger, she crept along, a perfect picture of misery. R Several times each year the Queen gives afternoon tea parties. But she simply sits beside a big silver plate, pouring cups of tea for everyone and 16___ (skill) avoiding the cakes and sandwiches. At cocktail parties the Queen moves from group to group, chatting informally, and manages to make one glass of drink last 17___ entire evening. Tours abroad are difficult because hosts seem to have a 18___ (believe) that the warmth of their welcome must be shown with wonderful state banquets (宴会).But the Queen has perfected the art of appearing to enjoy her meal without actually eating much. During one visit 19___ the Pacific islands of Tonga, a specially-prepared dinner was arranged
in her honor. The Queen looked uneasily at her plate 20___ she discovered a whole roast pig was her serving. Then a turkey, some meat, an apple and bananas 21____(carry) in for each guest. But she depended 22____her old favorite trick of talking with her host, King Tupou IV, and carrying on a warm conversation. Sometimes the Queen will seem so carried away by foreign leader's political chat 23___she simply never has time to finish a meal before it is time to get up and make her speech. She will lift her fork to swallow a mouthful, and then put 24 down again to make another point, leaving almost all of her meal 25____(touch). S Some people live in the world for body while others for dignity. I once took a walk along the street 16 a Saturday dusk, with a Pepsi can in my hand. An old woman in ragged clothes, 17 as living on collecting used cans, jars and tins, moved slowly towards me, with a bag on the back! 18 (walk) nearer, she looked up at me and then fixed her eyes on my can. At that time, I hadn’t finished my cola, so I gave 19 several coins instead. She stared at me for a few seconds 20 handed back the money. Quite confused, I asked: ―Why not? Isn’t that 21 you want?‖ ―I am not a beggar,‖ she said 22 (serious), word by word. Instantly, I felt so sorry. I had intended 23 (help) her, completely misunderstanding her. Thus I hurt her. What I could do at that moment was only to drink up the cola and handed her 24 emptied can. This time, she gave me a smile with 25 (satisfy) and gratitude in her eyes. The woman is poor in material life but is so respectable as a man. I am not only moved but also have learned a good lesson. T As a child, I was always out exploring my local area, whether swimming at the beaches or hiking through the bush. Australia’s outdoor lifestyle had me hooked on adventure and nature. I always wanted to explore 16 else was out there. Going on family holidays to many of the East Coast beach towns was always 17 fun adventure into the 18 (know). I came to love the beauty of world, and began to recognize just 19 much the planet had to offer, even 20 my experience of it was only in my backyard. Also, Australia is very remote and detached from the rest of the world. 21 (Europe) often drive into other countries for 22 summer vacations. We never had that luxury and international travel seemed all the more exotic and 23 (adventure) to me. Very often, we 24 (expose) to other countries through TV and movies, 25 I wanted to experience it for myself.
答案 A-H A.语法填空 调查显示 70 岁以上老人的幸福感最强。 16. the17. Fewer18. declines19. how20. to21. published 22. on 23. creating 24. their 25. who B. 语法填空 16. closer 17. coming 18. a/the 19. its 20. As 21. where 22. be led 23. frequently 24. other 25. at C. 语法填空 (共10小题, 每小题1.5分) 16. were carried 17. that 18. description 19. it 20. going 21.distant 22. which 23. the 24. but 25. upon / on D. 语法填空 16. designing 17. unfortunately 18. from 19. which 20. and 21. absorbed 22. in 23. that 24. an 25. Contributions E. 语法填空 16. arranged 17. would weigh 18. It 19. of 20. but21. an22. which 23. when 24. that 25. extremely F：语法填空 16. a 17. for 考查介词 18. celebrating 19. unexpected 20. imagination 21. Another 考查代词 22. whose 23. had taken 考查谓语动词 24. parenting 考查非谓语动词 25. that 考查定语从句连接词。 G.语法填空 16. what 名词性从句缺宾语，因此填 what。17. by 通过做某事。 18. a 又一个人。19. more 后半句的 than 提醒答案应是 more。 20. about a story about an American 中间插入了一个定语从句。 21. hadn't been told 考谓语动词，从上下文中可以知道他是之前被告知的。22. If 虚拟语 气的条件句。23. Picking 非谓语动词做状语。 24. but 连词连接两个句子，表转折。25. this/ the 特指第二个人。 H.语法填空 16. where 17; to blame 18. works 19. and / or 20. this/ it/ that 21. from/ to 22. that/ which 23. how 24. Breathing / To breathe 25. treatment
I.语法填空 16.out 17.dead 18.is asked 19.as 20.he 21.what 22.which 23. because /as 24.a 25.Unknown J.语法填空
overcome 16．which17．go 18．he19．an20．failures 21．approximately 22．was working23．was told 24．but25．to
16. a 17. flowered 18. traditional 19.means 20. but 21. in 22. whom 23. living 24.
where 25. as L 语法填空：16. rich 23. a M will express N 语法填空 23. to endure 语法填空 16. them 24. with 16. a 17. third 25. and 17. to say 18.older 19. when 20. After 21. other 22. awkwardly 20. educationally 21. what 22. success 23. struck 24. 23. 22. it and 25. because / as 17. However 18. or 25.in 18. the 19. one 20. which 21. On 20. simply21. which 22. increasing 23. 19. who /that 18. suffered 19. Similarly 20. by 21. that/who 22. irrigation
O. 语法填空 16. leading 17. but 25. tearsP 16. are claimed yourself/ yourselves 24. a P：语法填空 16. an. because. Q.语法填空 16.on 17.However 18.her 17. Believing. 24. another.
17. that 18. producers 19. about 25. What 18. be taught. 25. where. 19.when 19. that.
20. terribly 21. it 22. that/ which 23.were
Trembling R 语法填空 16．skillfully17．an18．Belief 19． To 20．when/as 21 25． untouched 18． Walking19． her 20． and 21． what 22． seriously 23． to help24 ． the S 语法填空 17． who T.语法填空 16. what adventurous 17. a 18. unkown 24. were exposed 19. how 25. but 20. if / though 21. Europeans 22. their 23. 25． satisfaction were carried。22． on 23．that 24． it