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南京外国语学校Cam4 Theme D 基础词汇

Theme D
Unit 18 1. require / r? ? kwa? ?(r) / v depend on (sb/sth) for success; need 有赖于(某人[某事物]); 需要 2. silent / ? sa? l?nt / adj (a) making no or little sound; not accompanied by any sound 寂静的; 无声的 (b) not expressed aloud 不出声或小声表达的 3. Braille / bre? l / n [U] system of reading and writing for blind people, using raised dots to represent letters which can be read by touching them 盲文(供盲人阅读和书写用的凸点符号) 4. sign / sa? n / v [no passive 不用于被动语态] convey information or a request or an order by making a gesture 示 意, 做手势(传达信息﹑ 请求或命令) n board, notice, etc that directs sb towards sth, gives a warning, advertises a business, etc 牌子; 牌示; 招牌; 指示牌 gesture or movement made with the hand, head, etc, used to give information, a command, etc (用手﹑ 头等的)示意动作(用以传递信息﹑ 命令等) 5. raise / re? z/ v lift or move (sth) to a higher level; cause to rise 举起, 提起, 抬起(某物) 6. represent /? repr? ? zent / v stand for or be a symbol or equivalent of (sb/sth); symbolize 代表, 象征 7. alphabet / ? ?lf?bet / n set of letters or symbols in a fixed order, used when writing a language 字母表 8. punctuation / ? p??kt?u? e? ?n / n [U] (art, practice or system of) punctuating 标点符号; 标点符 号用法 punctuation marks 标点符号 9. gesture / ? d?est??(r) / n [C, U] expressive movement of a part of the body, esp the hand or head 姿势; 手势 Phrases: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 以各种不同的方式彼此交流 communicate with each other in many different ways 受到。 。 。的访问,他从事于盲人和聋人学生工作 have a visit from sb. who works with blind and deaf students 通过使用手沟通 向我们展示如何去 他带来了手语词典 指出。 。 。 communicate by using hands 。 。 。show us how to do it bring a sign language dictionary with him

point out that … signed Exact English a faster way of getting a message across

被翻译成和口语顺序一样的手势 be translated into signs in the same order as spoken language 确切手势英语 用手拼出一个单词的字母 spell the letters of a word with their hands

10. 一个更快的传递讯息的方式

11. 使用的手的形状,位置和运动以表现出一个不同于口语的语法 use the shape, position and movement of the hands to make a grammar which is different from the spoken language 12. 放在疑问句句首的例如 what 或 when 的疑问词 at the beginning of a question

question words such as ‘What’ or ‘when’ come

13. 描述盲人如何用他们的手指阅读盲文 describe how blind people read with their fingers using Braille 14. 可以代表英文字母,数字和标点符号模式凸起的点构成的图形 patterns of raised dots which represent letters of the alphabet, numbers and punctuation marks 15. 使用和口语或书面语一样的语法 use the same grammar as the spoken or written language 16. 在一个小的金属或塑料片上使用手写笔写自己的盲文字母或购物清单 write their own letters or shopping lists in Braille by using a stylus on a small metal or plastic sheet

U20 1. export ['eksp??t ] n. [C, usu.pl] a product that is sold to another country 出口产品;输出品 2. chemical /'kem?k(?)l/ n [C] any basic substance which is used in or produced by a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules (分子) 化学物质 adj. connected with chemistry 化学的 3. tourist ['t??r?st] n. a person who is travelling or visiting a place for pleasure 旅游者;游客 4. aluminium /? l(j)?'m?n??m/ (BE//aluminum /?'l?m?n?m/ AE) n. [U] a light metallic element which is silver in colour and used especially for making cooking equipment and aircraft parts 铝 5. inhabitant /?n'h? b?t(?)nt/ n [C] a person or animal that lives in a particular place 居民 6. mineral /'m?n?r?l/ n. [C] a valuable or useful chemical substance which is formed naturally in the ground 矿物 7. Jamaica [d??'meik?] n. 牙买加 Jamaican [d??'meik?n] adj. 牙买加的;牙买加人的 n. 牙买加人 8. claim /kle?m/ vt. to ask for something of value because you think it belongs to you or because you think you have a right to it 索要,主张 to say that sth. is true although it has not been proved and other people may not believe it 宣称;声称 9. colony /'k?l?n?/ n. [C] a country or area controlled politically by a more powerful and often distant country 殖民地 10. economy[?'k?n?m?] n. (often the economy) [C] the relationshop between production, trade and the supply of money in a particular country or region 经济;经济情况;经济结构 11. bauxite /'b??ksa?t/ n. [U] a type of rock from which aluminium is produced 铝土矿 12. manufacturing /,m? nju'f? kt??r??/ n. [U] the business of producing goods in large numbers 制造业 13. quantity ['kw?nt?t?] n. (pl. –ies) [C, U] an amount or a number of sth. 数量;数额;数目 14. drive sb./sth. out (of sth.): to force someone or something to leave or stop doing something 驱赶 15. sugar cane n. [U] a tropical plant from whose tall thick stems sugar can be got 甘蔗 16. densely /'d?nsli/ adv. with a lot of things close together 稠密的 17. populate /'p?pj?le?t/ vt. If an area is populated by people or animals, they live in that area 居住于,落户 于 Phrases: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 住在牙买加的第一批人 the first people to live in Jamaica 1494 年到达这座岛 arrive on the island in 1494 声称这岛是西班牙的 claim the island for Spain 把阿拉瓦克印第安人当做奴隶 make the Arawak Indians slaves 死于疾病和繁重的工作 die of disease and hard work

6. 7. 8. 9.

被带到岛上当做奴隶 be brought to the island as slaves 1670 年控制这座岛 take control of the island in 1670 work in the bauxite industry and aluminium manufacturing 成为英国殖民地直到 1962 年 remain a British colony until 1962 在铝土矿业和铝制造业工作

10. 出口大量的糖和香蕉 export large quantities of sugar and bananas 11. 在十六世纪被加勒比印第安人驱除出去 be driven out by the Carib Indians in the 1500s 12. 被带到英国的奴隶的后代 descendants of the slaves who were brought by the British 13. 在生产甘蔗的土地上工作 work on the land producing sugar cane 14. 在化学工业和服装业工作 work in the chemical and clothes industries 15. 世界上人口密集度最高的国家之一 one of the most densely populated countries in the world

Unit 21 1. threaten ['θret(?)n] v. ~sb. (with sth.) to say that you will cause trouble, hurt sb, etc. if you do not get what you want 威胁;恐吓 2. bully ['b?l?] v. to frighten or hurt someone who is smaller or weaker than you 欺负、恐吓 n. person who uses his strength or power to frighten or hurt weaker people 恃强凌弱的人 bullying n. [U] 3. ignore [?g'n??] vt. to pay no attention to sth. 忽视;对……不予理会
vt. to

pretend that you have not seen sb. or that sb. is not there 佯装未见;不予理睬


company ['k?mp?ni] n. [U] the fact of being with sb. else and not alone 陪伴;做伴
keep sb. company to stay with sb. So that they are not alone 做伴;陪伴

5. 6. 7.

nicely adv. in a kind, friendly or polite way 温和地;友好地;有礼貌地

jungle ['d???g(?)l] n. a thick tropical forest 丛林 gang [g??] n. group of young people, usually males in their teens and early twenties, who are typically troublesome (经常厮混的)一伙人 8. bright adj. intelligent; quick to learn 聪明的;悟性强的 9. fed up (with sb./sth.) (informal) bored or unhappy, especially with a situation that has continued for too long 厌烦;厌倦;不愉快 10. campaign [k? m'pe?n] n. ~ (against/for sth.) series of planned activities with a particular social, commercial or political aim 运动 Phrases:
1. 2. 3. 和你待在一起 keep you company 让我一个人待着 Leave me alone. 别无选择 have (got) no choice

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

别再欺负我了 Stop bullying me. 从中得到好处 get out of it 丛林法则 the law of jungle 好主意 bright ideas 受够了 I’m really fed up with it. 告诉老师 tell the head teacher take photos of them taking our sandwiches record them on my walkman

10. 拍下他们拿我们三明治的照片 11. 用我的随身听录下他们的声音

12. 把录音放给校长听 play the recording to the head teacher 13. 开始一个更大规模的运动 start a bigger campaign 14. 这个学校里其它的恶霸 other bullies in this school 15. 开始一个更大规模的运动 start a bigger campaign


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