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2014人教版新目标英语八年级下Unit


Free talk
Did you write a letter to thank someone who had helped you? What did you write about? Do you know the differences between a letter and an article?

1. A letter is f

or some person to read, while article is for a lot of people to read. 2. The beginning of a letter is different from that of an article. 3. A letter is for communication, while an article is for sharing.
How many kinds of letters can you think of ? Please tell us.

How many kinds of letter do you know?

Recommendation letter

Thanks letter

Ordinary contacting letter

Post card letter

sir n. 先生

madam n. 女 miss n. 小姐 (未婚女士)士 (不知婚否)

carry v. 拿,提 letter n. 信

door n. 门

be blind be deaf and be be unable to unable to speak use hands

be unable to walk

How to help them?

A helper-dog
guide dogs
They can help the blind people to walk

? Let's watch a short video <<导盲犬小Q>>预告片

How to help them?
--Animal Helpers

--A dog helper --A specially trained dog

What can it do?

It can lead the way.

open the door
carry things

2b
Skim the letter and answer the questions.

1. What kind of letter is it? It’s a thank-you letter. 2. Who wrote the letter to Miss Li? Why? Ben Smith. Because she helped him make it possible to have a special trained dog.

Read and learn the list of words below. Mark them in the article and decide the part of speech of each
word

group imagine training

disabled difficulties kindness

difference normal

Dear Miss Li, I'd like to thank you for giving money to Animal Helpers. I’m sure you know that this group was set up to help disabled people like me. You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky. Lucky makes a big difference to my life. Let me tell you my story.
What would it be like to be blind or deaf? Or imagine you can’t walk or use your hands easily. Most people would never think about this, but many people have these difficulties. I can’t use my arms or legs well, so normal things like answering the telephone, opening and closing doors, or carrying things are difficult for me. Then one day last year, a friend of mine helped me out. She talked to Animal Helpers about getting me a special trained dog. She also thought a dog might cheer me up. I love animals and I was excited about the idea of having a dog.

After six months of training with a dog at Animal Helpers, I was able to bring him home. My dog’s name is Lucky — a good name for him because I feel very lucky to have him. You see, I’m only able to have a “dog helper” because of your kindness! Lucky is very clever and understands many English words. He can understand me when I give him orders. For example, I say, “Lucky! Get my book,” and he does it at once. Lucky is a fantastic dog. I'll send you a photo of him if you like, and I could show you how he helps me. Thank you again for changing my life. Best wishes, Ben Smith

2c

Look at the list of words below. Circle the part of speech of each word and make your own sentences with these words.

1. group (adj. / n. ) We’d better go in a group. ___________________________________ 2. disabled (adj. / adv. ) I know a lot of disabled people need our help. __________________________________ 3. difference (adv. / n. ) Can you find the differences of the two ___________________________________ pictures? ________________________

4. imagine (v. / n. ) You can easily imagine my surprise. __________________________________ 5. difficulties (n. / adj. ) Each family has its own difficulties. _________________________________ 6. normal (adv. / adj. ) A person' s normal temperature is 37 __________________________________ degrees Centigrade. ________________________________

7. training (adv. / n. ) Nurses have several years of training. __________________________________ 8. kindness (n. / v. ) Good looks are not as important as __________________________________ kindness. __________________________________

Read after the tape and then circle “T” or “F”. 1. The writer can’t use her arms or legs well. T 2. Lucky was brought to the writer by her friend. F 3. They have been trained at “Animal helpers” for seven months. F 4. A dog-helper is for those who are disabled. T 5. Lucky can understand different orders.T

Fast-reading.速读回答问题

Who are they?
Ben Smith
Miss Li A disabled person. A person who donates money to help Liz. A trained dog. It is an organization set up to train animals to help disabled people.

Lucky
Animal helper

Dear Miss Li,
I'd like to thank you for giving money to Animal Helpers. I’m sure you know that this group was set up to help disabled people like me. You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky. Lucky makes a big difference to my life. Let me tell you my story.

Paragraph 1 :

1.What is “Animal Helpers” ?
It is a group was set up to help disabled people. 2.What has lucky brought the writer?

It makes a big difference to his life.

What would it be like to be blind or deaf? Or imagine you can’t walk or use your hands easily. Most people would never think about this, but many people have these difficulties. I can’t use my arms or legs well, so normal things like answering the telephone, opening and closing doors, or carrying things are difficult for me. Then one day last year, a friend of mine helped me out. She talked to Animal Helpers about getting me a special trained dog. She also thought a dog might cheer me up. I love animals and I was excited about the idea of having a dog.

Paragraph 2:
1. Can you give me some examples of normal things according to the passage? answering the telephone ,opening and shutting the doors , carrying thing 2. Does normal things has been easy for the writer? Why? No, because the writer can’t use his arms or legs well

After six months of training with a dog at Animal Helpers, I was able to bring him home. My dog’s name is Lucky — a good name for him because I feel very lucky to have him. You see, I’m only able to have a “dog helper” because of your kindness! Lucky is very clever and understands many English words. He can understand me when I give him orders. For example, I say, “Lucky! Get my book,” and he does it at once.

Paragraph 3,4

A specially trained dog(特训狗)
1.How long had he been trained ? For six months. 2.What has he been trained to do? He has been trained to understand different instructions and English words

指示

Lucky is a fantastic dog. I'll send you a photo of him if you like, and I could show you how he helps me. Thank you again for changing my life. Best wishes, Ben Smith

Lucky is a fantastic dog
Paragraph 5:
The writer showed his thanks to Miss Li.

Q: What did the writer say to thank her?
I'll send you a photo of him if you like, and I could show you how he helps me. Thank you again for changing my life.

2d. Use information in the letter to make true sentences by matching the different parts.
Subject
Miss Li

Verb
can get trains sent is

Object
unable to move well.

Ben Smith
Lucky “Animal Helpers”

money to “Animal Helpers”.
animals like lucky.

things for disabled people.

Pair work
2e. Discuss the questions with a partner.
1. In what other ways do you think dogs are able to help people? To hunt, to track down the criminal… 2. What other animals can we train to help people? Carrier pigeon(信鸽)…

一 根据汉语提示完成句子,每空一词。 1. I didn’t finish writing my math test because I ___ ran___ out ___ of (用完了) the time. fixed up 2. Mr. Cool has _____ ___ (修理) the bike. gave away 3. Yesterday my mother _____ ____ (赠送) my old pens to my cousin. 4. Ms Green lost the wheels _____ (车轮)of her new car.

5. Lucy _____ _____ (相像) her takes after grandmother. 6. The old trousers are so broken ______(破损 的) that he couldn’t wear them any more. 7. Don’t put ___ up __ (张贴) the poster on the wall. 8. Your parents must ___ _____ __ be proud of (为……自豪) you.

二 按要求完成句子。 1. The baby stopped crying. (写出同义句) didn’t cry __________. any more The baby _____ 2. cheer, Mum, came, to, with, up, make, idea, him, an, up (连词成句) ________________________________ Mum came up with an idea to make ________________ him cheer up. 3. 今日事,今日毕。 put off till tomorrow what you Never _______ can do today.

4. He gave away the bikes to the children. The children don’t have bikes. (改为定语从句) He gave away the bikes to the children who have no bikes __________________. 5. 史密斯先生帮我们开办了个篮球俱乐部。 helps us start a basketball Mr. Smith ____________ club.

三 汉译英。 1. 他的红墨水用完了。 He has run out of red ink. 2. 她把钱都送给穷人了。

She gave away all her money to the poor.
3. 他现在有16辆要修理的自行车,并准备 把这些修好的自行车赠送给那些没有自 行车的孩子。 He now has sixteen bikes to fix up and give away to children who don’t have bikes.

Exercise
A you. Thank you for your help. 1. It’s very kind ____ (2010年江苏省盐城市) A. of B. for C. to D. on 2. ---Thank you for your coffee and tasty snacks. I'm afraid I have to go now. D ---OK. _______. (2009江苏南京) A. Go slowly B. All right C. Sounds great D. see you

Homework
Write a short reply to Ben Smith. In your letter: 1. Offer to help her more. 2. Say why you are able to help. 3. Say what you could do to help.

A poem
It is the deepest appeal that is based on love.

It is the most vital cause that is out of
voluntary will.

It is the noblest behavior that is devoted to
helping others.

The language of dedication is the most
communicative language of mankind.

基于爱心的呼唤是最深沉的呼唤
处于自愿的事业是最有生命力的事业

服务他人的行为是最高尚的行为
奉献者的语言是最易沟通的人类共同语言

Language points:
1. 感谢做某事:

Thank you for doing sth.

B so well ! Eg: 1) Thanks for ____us A. teach B. teaching C.to teach
2) Thank you for your help ! Thanks helping =_______for _______me !

1. I’m sure you know that this group was set up to help disabled people like me. set up 建起;设立。既可以指建立组 织、团体;也可以指搭建筑物 e.g. Let’s set up our tent by the river. 我们在河边搭建帐篷吧。

disabled adj. 丧失能力的;有残疾的 dis (否定前缀) able (能够) disabled e.g. He was disabled in the accident. 他在事故中残疾了。

2.You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky.
it在句中作make的形式宾语,真正的宾语是后面 的动词不定式to have Lucky。如: 我发现学好英语对我们来说很有必要。 I find it necessary for us to learn English well.

【超链接】it还可用作形式主语,而把真正的 主语置于句尾。如: 看太多的电视对你的眼睛有害。 It’s bad for your eyes to watch too much TV. 见到你真高兴。 It is so nice to see you.

2. 使…成为可能:
make it possible (to do sth.) Eg: You have helped make _______ A possible for me to have “Lucky”. A. it B. that C. this

2. Lucky makes a big difference to my life. make a difference 影响;有作用。 后面常跟介词to e.g. It would make a big difference to my life. 这会对我的生活产生很大影响。

5. …but many people have these difficulties. difficulty n. 困难;难题 difficult adj. 困难的 difficulty n. e.g. When you’re in difficulty, ask me for help. 当你遇到困难时,向我求助。

6. …opening and closing doors,… open v. 打开;开. 该词也可以用作adj. 表示“开着的” e.g. Open the door, please. 请开门。

7. Helpers about getting me a special trained dog. train v. 训练;培训 train v. training n. 训练;培训 e.g. I’m training myself for a race. 我正在为赛跑作训练。 Very hard training is necessary. 刻苦训练很必要。

8. I love animals and I was excited about the idea of having a dog. excited adj. 激动的;兴奋的

辨析:exciting 与excited exciting 意为“另人兴奋的”,常用于 修饰事物; excited 意为“激动的”,人作主语。

4. I was excited about the idea of having a dog.

be excited about意为“对……感到兴奋”,主语 通常是人 ;而exciting意为“令人感到兴奋的”, 主语通常是物或事件。其他类似的词surprising / surprised; interesting / interested等也是这样 区分的。如:
他对这本有趣的书很感兴趣。 He is very interested in this interesting book.

e.g. The boy was too excited to go to sleep. 小男孩太兴奋了,以至于不能入睡。 I have some exciting news for you. 我告诉你一些另人兴奋的消息。

9. Lucky is very clever and understands many English words. clever adj. 聪明的

e.g. It was clever of him to find the way here. 他能找到这儿来真是聪明。
understand v. 理解;领会 (understood) e.g. This grammar is easy to understand. 这本语法书很容易理解。

10. Thank you again for changing my life. change v. / n. 变化;改变。此外还可 以用作名词表示“零钱” e.g. How did it change his life? 它如何改变他的生活?

4.六个月的训练: six months of training
=six-month training =six months’ training


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