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导学案倒装句讲解


塔河二中导学案

年级:高一

学科:英语

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题目: 倒装句
备课人:姜慧君 审批人:姜慧君 备课日期:2014. 4 授课日期:2014. 4 【学习目标】掌握倒装

句的用法。 【学习重点】理解部分倒装和全部倒装。 【学习难点】倒装句的灵活使用。 【知识链接】 英语的基本语序是“主语 + 谓语”。如果将谓语的全部或一部分放在主语之前,这 种语序叫做倒装语序。倒装的原因,一是语法结构的需要,二是为了强调。倒装主要 有两种:部分倒装,把助动词放在主语之前,谓语的其他部分放在主语之后。全部倒 装,将整个谓语放在主语之前。 【学法指导】自主学习,理解并学会运用。 【学习过程】 一、全部倒装: 1、用于 there be 句型。 There are many students in the classroom. 2、句首状语引起完全倒装。以 here there, now, then out, in, up, down, away 等副词开头 的句子里,以表示强调。 Here comes the bus. Now comes your turn. Out went the children. 当代词作主语时,主谓语序不变。 Here it is. Here he comes. 3、句首状语为表示地点的介词短语。 South of the city lies a big steel factory. From the valley came a frightening sound. 4、表语置于句首时,倒装结构为“表语 + 系动词 + 主语” 1)形容词 + be + 主语 Present at the meeting were Professor White, Professor Smith and many other guests. 2) 过去分词 + be + 主语 Gone are the days when they would do what they liked. 3) 介短 + be + 主语 Among the goods are Christmas trees, flowers, candles and toys.
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5、so, nor, neither 开头的句子,表示重复前句部分内容。 He has been to Beijing, so have I. Liwei can’t answer the question, neither can I. so 后主谓不倒装,表示对前面所述内容的肯定、确认。 Tom is very kind, so he is. 二、部分倒装: 1、否定副词 no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly 以及含有 no, not 的短语(at no time, by no means, not once)放在句首时。 Never in my life have I heard such a thing. Not a single word did he say at the meeting. At no time will China turn superpower. Not once has he kept his promise. 2 、 以 否 定 词 开 头 的 关 联 结 构 。 not only…but also…, 倒装 Not until + 句子 + 倒装。 no sooner…than, hardly/scarcely…when.只将前半部分倒装,后半部分正常语序。Not until +时间状语 + Not until late in the evening did he come back. Not until he finished the work did he begin to watch TV. He didn’t begin to watch TV until he finished the work. Not only did he buy a bike for me but also he sent it to my house. Hardly had he got on the bus when he heard a shout. =No sooner has he got on the bus than he heard a shout. 3、only + 副词/介短/状语从句。 Only this afternoon did I finish the novel. Only in this way can you learn English well. He stays in bed when he is seriously ill. →Only when he is seriously ill does he stay in bed.

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塔河二中导学案 Child as he was, he could speak five languages. Hard as you work, you can’t support your family. Young as he is, he knows a lot. Try as he might, he still failed this time.

年级:高一

学科:英语

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4、as 引导的让步状语从句。 n.(名词前无冠词)/ adj. / adv. / v. + as + 主语+ 谓语

5、so…that…,such…that…句型中,so, such 位于句首时。 So fast does light travel that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. Such a good boy is he that everyone likes him. 6、省略 if 的虚拟条件从句中,had, were, should 等提前。 If I were you, I would try it again. →Were I you, I would try it again. If you had told me earlier, I could have done something. →Had you told me earlier, I could have done something. If anyone should call, tell him to call in the afternoon. →Should anyone call, tell him to call in the afternoon. 7、often, every day, now and again 等具有肯定意义的表示时间频率的状语位于句首,且 表示强调时,用部分倒装。 Often did we warn them not to do so. 【学生小结】 【达标训练】 【课后反思】

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