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高中英语状语从句专题训练题


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高中英语状语从句专题训练题
【网络构建】 §状语从句的定义与功能:
在复合句中担任状语成分的从句称为状语从句,修饰主句的谓语动词,形容词或副词。 §状语从句的分类: 根据意义和用途的不同,状语从句可分为: 1. 时间 2. 原因 3. 地点 4. 目的 5. 方式 6. 条件 7. 结果

8. 让步 9. 比较状语从句

§状语从句的位置:
状语从句同状语一样,在句中的位置比较灵活, 可置于句首,句未,或句中.状语从句位于句 首时,常用逗号分开, 状语从句位于句尾时,其前一般不用逗号

§各种从句的具体用法:
I: 时间状语从句 引导时间状语从句的连词有:(---的时候) when, while, as , (直到) till, until , (一---就---)as soon as, the moment (that), the minute (that), immediately, directly, instantly, ( 刚 --- 就 ---)no sooner ---than, hardly---when, scarcely---when since, before, after, once , whenever 等. 1. when/while/as 的用法 (1)When ―在---时刻或在---期间‖,它可兼指“时间点”与“时间段” ,从句中的动词可以是 终止性动词也可以是持续性动词。 ① When I got home, he was having supper. ② When I was young, I liked dancing. ③ When he has finished his work, he takes a short rest. ④ When I got to the cinema, the film had already began. 【重点提示】 ★ when 也可作为并列连词,连接两个并列句, “那时” , “这时”相当于 and then , and at that time.这时不可被 as, while 替代。 We were about to go out when the teacher came in. We hadn’t been watching TV for a long time when there was a power failure. ★ when 还可作 ―在---的情况下‖解, 这时也不可被 as, while 替代。 Why did you walk there when you have a car? (2)while, 只指时间段, 不指时间点, 从句的谓语动词只限于持续动词和状态动词。 ⑤ While I slept, a thief broke in. ⑥ Father looked after the children while mother was away. 【重点提示】 ★ while 也可以用作并列连词, 连接两个并列句, “而, 另一方面” She likes music, while I like sports. He is diligent while his brother is idle. ★while 还可以解释为“只要” While there is life, there is hope.
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★While 还可以解释为 ―尽管, 虽然” While respected, she in not liked. (3) as 引导的时间状语从句既可以表示一段时间 (同延续性动词连用) , 也可以表示点时间 (同非延续性动词连用) 。但 as 引导的从句更强调主从句的同时发生。 ⑦As the sun rose, the fog dispersed.(太阳升起, 浓雾散去)。 ⑧As it grew darker, it became colder. ⑨As she came to know him better, she relied on him more. 如果这里使用 when, 就会完全失去同时并进或肩并肩发展的意义。 【特别重点提示】 ★when 从句与主句动作先后发生时, 不能与 while, as 互换, 如上述例句中的③④. ★When 从句动词为终止性动词时不能与 while 替换. When he came yesterday, we were playing basketball. 此句中的 when 也不用 as 替代,因为 as 从句为终止性动词时, 主句通常也用终止性动词 ★当从句的谓语动词是延续性动词时, when, while, as 才有可能互相替换. While/When/As we were still laughing, the teacher came in. ★当从句的谓语动词是终止性动词,而主句的谓语动词也是终止性动词 when 和 as 通用,而 且用 as 比用 when 更为紧凑, 有“正当,这时 ”的含义。 He came just as (when) I reached the door. ★两个进行时的长动作相并列进行的时候, 可用 while/when ,但 as 不可用。 Mary was cooking supper while /when her brother was playing chess. Xiao Yang was singing happily while/when he was driving home. ★两个一般时的长动作相并列的时候, as/while/when 都可使用, 但 as 更能突出“一边--一边”的含义。 He sang as/ when /while he worked. ★as 还可引导一个省略形式的状语从句, 这、时的 as 相当于 when 但不可以用 when. As a child(=As/When he was a child), he used to work hard and helped his father on the farm. ★以 when/while/as 引导的状语从句,如果时态是一般将来时,用一般现在时替代。 2.till/until till 和 until 都表示“直到” , 两个词常可换用, 主要有下列两种用法。 (1) 如果主句谓语动词为延续性动词,如 come, go, enter, return, start, reach, finish,等,主句 用否定式, 从句用肯定式, ― not---until‖结构。 He won’t go to bed till/until she returns. He didn’t come until he had gone over his lesson. (2) 如果主句谓语动词为延续性动词, 如 ―stay, remain‖等,主句用肯定式。 He remained their till she arrived. You may stay here until the rain stops. 【重点提示】 ★ until(较正式) 引出的介词短语和从句可以放在主句之前, 也可以置于其后。另外, 当 指一段时间,多用到它。 Until you told me I had no idea of it. We remained in ignorance of it until recently.
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★ till 多用于口语。 till 引出的介词短语和从句一般不能放在句首。此外, 指某一时间点 多用它。 I shall wait till ten o’clock. I did not know till then. ★ 以 till/until 引导的状语从句,如果时态是一般将来时,用一般现在时替代。 I won’t leave until my mother comes back. 3. as soon as, the moment (that), the minute (that), immediately, directly 的用法。 这几个词连接的从句都表示主从句的动作相继发生, 间隔很短, “一---就--- ” I’ll tell him as soon as/ the moment (that)/the minute (that)/ immediately/ directly/ I see him. 【重点提示】 ★如果表示过去发生的动作, 主从句均用一般过去时。 The moment I saw her, I knew that she was ill. ★以以上连词引导的状语从句,如果时态是一般将来时,用一般现在时替代。 4. no sooner ---than, hardly---when, scarcely---when 这几个短语的词义和用法基本一样,都表示“刚---就---” ① I had no sooner arrived at the station than the train started to move. ② She had hardly got home when it began to rain. ③ He had scarcely sat down when he heard someone knock at the door. 【重点提示】 ★在这些结构中,主句的动作先发生,用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时。 ★若这些结构置于句首,则主句要用倒装语序。 上述句子可相应改为: No sooner had I arrived at the station than the train started to move. Hardly had she got home when it began to rain. Scarcely had he sat down when he heard someone knock at the door. 5. since 以 since 引导的从句或短语作状语时,主句常用完成时,从句常用一般过去时。 ① Since I was a child I have lived in England. ② We have been friends ever since we met at school. 【重点提示】 ★主句若表示“已经有多少时间”可用一般时。 ① How long is it since you were in London? ② It is just a week since we arrived here. ★since 引导的从句中的谓语动词如果是瞬间动词,则表示“自从这个动作的开始”以来; 若是延续性或状态性的动词则表示“自从这个动作的结束”以来。 ① How long is it since you worked here? 你不在这儿工作已经几年了? ② It is 3 years since I was ill. 我病愈以来已经 3 年了。 ③ It is just a week since we arrived here. 我到这儿已经一周了。 6.by ―by---‖ “到---时候为止” ,已发生或出现某情况, 谓语动词多用完成时态。
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① Perhaps she has recovered by now. ② By the time (that) I got home yesterday, my mother had prepared dinner. ③ By the end of next week, we will have left this country. 【重点提示】 ★有时谓语动词用一般时态(多和 be 等表示状态的动词连用) ① By then he was more than 50 years of age. ② By this time next year, you ought to have a very good knowledge of English 但 By that year, he had already been a soldier for 5 years. ★以 by 引导的状语从句,如果时态是一般将来时,用一般现在时替代。 II.原因状语从句 1.原因状语从句通常由 ― because, as, since, for‖ 引导。其用法和区别见下表: 区 别 项目 because as since/now that for 内涵 直接因果关系 双方都知道的 原因 语气 强 弱 能 否 回 答 why 能 不能 位置 主句前或后 主句前或后 主句前 主句后 能否被强调 能 不能

从结果推断出 弱 不能 原因 ① Because I was ill, I didn’t go to school. ② It was because I was ill that I didn’t go to school. ③ As you are busy, I won’t waste your time. ④ Since everybody is here, let’s begin. ⑤ It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet. ⑥ Day must have broken, for birds are singing outside now. 2.原因状语从句还可以有 now (that) (既然), seeing (that)(鉴于), considering (that)(考虑到) 等引导。 ① Now that you are well again, you can travel. ② Seeing that /Since he refused to help us, there is no reason why we should now help him. ③ It is still in excellent condition considering that it was built 600 years ago. III. 地点状语从句 地点状语从句通常由 where, wherever(无论什么地方)引导。 ① Where there is a will, there is a way. ② I like to live where the weather is pleasant. ③ She follows him wherever he goes. ④ Sit wherever you like. 【重点提示】 ★ 不要和 where 引导的定语从句相混淆。 We shall go where working conditions are difficult.(状语从句)
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We shall go to the place where working conditions are difficult.(定语从句) ★ wherever 有时候的意思是“ 究竟什么地方” (=where ever) Wherever did you find it? IV. 条件状语从句 引导条件状语从句的连词有:if, unless, so/as long as(只要),in case (如果,万一),if only( 要 是, 只要),provided/proving (that) (假如), on condition that (只要), suppose/supposing(that)(假 定) ① I’ll go there so long as he invites me. ② In case I forget, please remind me about it.( 如果我忘了, 请提醒我) ③ Take an umbrella with you in case it rains.( 带把伞吧, 万一下雨) ④ If only he has a chance, he will do great things.(只要他有机会,他就能干大事) ⑤ Suppose/Supposing(that) he can’t come, who will do the work? ⑥ Providing/Provided(that) there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here. 【重点提示】 ★同时间状语从句一样,条件状语从句如果表示将来时间, 要用一般现在时代替将来时。 ★ in case 如位于句首,意思是“假如” ,位于句中和句尾,意思是“万一” V.方式状语从句 引导方式状语从句的连词有:as(正如---), as if/though(仿佛,好象) ,just as---so (像---那样) ① Please do as I do. ② The child talks as if he were a man. ③ It looks as if it is/were going to rain. ④ Just as water is to fish, so air is to man.空气对于人,就像水对于鱼一样。 ⑤ Just as you hate Mr.Green, so I dislike his wife. 正如你不喜欢格林一样,我也不喜欢他妻子。 【重点提示】 as if/as though 引导的方式状语从句一般用虚拟语气, 但如果从句中所陈述的情况很可能实 现,也可用陈述语气。 VI.目的状语从句 引导目的状语从句的连词有:so that(为了,以便),that,( 以便) in order that(为了,以便) in case (以防,免除),for fear that (以防), lest(以免) ① Bring it nearer that I may see it better. ② He studied hard so hat he might succeed. ③ Betty got up early in order that she could catch the train. ④ I shall write it down lest I should forget. ⑤ Take your raincoat in case it rains. ⑥ He put his money in the safe for fear that it should/may be stolen. 【重点提示】 目的状语从句的谓语动词通常含有 may, might, can, could, should , would 等情态动词 VII.结果状语从句. 引导结果状语从句的连词有: so(结果), so that (结果), that(结果) so---that (如此---以致于),
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such---that---(如此---以致于). ① Nothing more was heard of him, so people thought that he was dead. 没有再听到他的消息,所以人们都认为他死了。 ② She worked very hard, that she became rich in a very short time. ③ The train was so full that I could hardly turn around. ④ He is such an honest woman that everybody trusts her. ⑤ He worked very hard, so that he passed the examination. 【重点提示】 目的状语从和结果状语从句的区别是: ★引导目的状语从句时前面不用逗号,而引导结果状语从句时前面常用逗号 ★目的状语从句中常用 can, could, may, might, will , would, should 等情态动词,而结果状语从 句中一般没这类词。 Ⅸ. 让步状语从句 引导让步状语从句的连词有:though, although, even if/though(即使) ,however(不管怎样), whatever (无论什么),wherever, no matter who(how, when, where---), while(尽管),if(虽然), when (虽然) whether---(or not)(不管是---还是---) ① Though it was only 9 o’clock, there were few people in the street. ② Although he has failed many times, he doesn’t give up trying. ③ Even though it’s hard work, I enjoy it. ④ However late it was(No matter how late it was), he went out. ⑤ Whatever you do, do it well. ⑥ You can’t come in, whoever you are. ⑦ I am going whether it is raining or not.(= No matter whether it---) ⑧ If he is little, he is strong.(他人虽小,但很结实) ⑨ While I like the colour of the hat, I do not like the shape of it.(尽管我喜欢那帽子的颜色,我 不喜欢它的外形) ⑩ He usually walks when he might ride. (虽然有车可乘,但他通常步行) 【重点提示】 ★ though 和 although 的区别: 有时候可以换用,但有区别: ● although 一般位于句首,though 而位于句首或句未。 ● though 与 even ,as 连用,构成 even though, as though 短语,而 although 不可以。 ● though 可以放在句未, 作副词, “然而,但是 ” ,但是 although 不可以。 ● though 还可以用在表示让步的倒装结构中,表示“尽管” , 而 although 不可以。 Child though/as he is, he know a lot. Tired though/as he was, he went on working. Ⅹ.比较状语从句 引导比较状语从句的连词有:as/so---as, than, the +比较级---+the +比较级 ① He got up as late as his brother (did). ② He is not so /as tall as you (are).
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③ She went to school earlier than Tom did. ④ The longer you stay here, the more you will learn. ⑤ He is as tall as I (me). ⑥ He is taller than I (me). 【重点提示】 ★ 比较从句部分常常是省略句, 如上述的①② ★ 当 as 或 than 引导的从句的主语为人称代词时可以用主格也可用宾格,如上述的⑤⑥ ★ 比较级前面可加一些表示程度的状语,如:much, very much, far, a lot, lots, a great deal, twice, 20%, a bit, a little, rather, slightly, still, even 等。

§状语从句中某些成分的省略
在以 when, while, if, as if, though, although, as, until, whether 等连词引导的状语从句中,如果谓 语有 be, 而主语又跟主句的主语相同或是 it 时,则从句的主语和 be 常可省略。 ① When (water is) heated, water is turned into vapour. ② Wood gives much smoke while (wood is) burning. ③ Errors, if (there are) any, should be corrected. ④ When (I am) in trouble, I always turn to her for help. ⑤ While (we were) there we were thinking of you all the time. ⑥ If (it is) necessary you can help us to do something. ⑦ He made up his mind to finish the experiment whether (it was ) difficult or not. ⑧ The letter is to be left here until ( it is) called for. ⑨ He looked about as if (he were) in search of something.

【点击真题】

【例 1】 ---Dad, I’ll have finished my assignment. ---Good, and ___ you play or watch TV, you mustn’t disturb me. a. whenever b. whether c. whatever d. no matter (NMET 2003 上海) 【答案】b. 【点拨】本题考查连词在具体语境下的使用。 【解析】 本题的意境是: 不管你玩耍还是看电视, 你不可以打扰我。 相当于: No matter whether you play or watch TV, you mustn’t disturb me. 所以 d 项不能选择。a 和 c 项明显不对。 【例 2】 ---Was his father very strict with him when he was at school.? ---Yes. He had never praised him___ he became one of the top students in his grade. a. after b. unless c. until d. when (NMET 2003 北京春季) 【答案】c. 【点拨】本题考查连词在具体语境下的使用 【解析】本题的意境是: “直到成了年级的最佳学生后,父亲才表扬了他。 ”这正好与第一句 的“父亲对他的要求严格”相符合。never---until---想当于 not ---until.故选 c. 【例 3】 Don’t be afraid of asking for help___ it is needed.
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a. unless b. since c. although d. when (NMET 2003) 【答案】d. 【点拨】本题考查状语从句中关联词的用法。 【解析】a, c 两项明显不对。b 项的迷惑性较大,既可以作为“自从”又可以作为“既然,因 为”解,但是作为“既然,因为”解的时候常常放在句首。故选 d, 作“当---时候” 解。 【例 4】 He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation ____ it got worse. a. until b. when c. before d. as (NMET 2003 北京) 【答案】c. 【例 5】 Come and see me whenever___. a. you are convenient b. you will be convenient c. it is convenient to you d. it will be convenient to you. 【答案】c 【点拨】本题考查 whenever 引导的时间状语从句。 【解析】先排除 b 和 d, 因为状语从句中一般将来时要用一般现在时替代。又因为 “对你如 方便的话”应说成“be convenient to you‖ , 故选 c. 【例 6】 A good storyteller must be able to hold his listeners’ curiosity ___he reaches the end of the story. a. when b. unless c. after d. until (NMET 2003 上海) 【答案】d 【点拨】本题考查连词词义。 【解析】根据题意, “一个好的故事员应该能牢牢地吸引住听众直到把故事讲完。 ”其他均不符 合题意。 【例 7】 John shut everybody out of the kitchen ___ he could prepare his grand surprise for the party. a. which b. when c. so that d. as if (NMET2002 上海) 【答案】c 【点拨】本题考查连词使用知识。 【解析】从句意上应选 c. ―so that---― 意为“以便,为了” ,引导目的状语从句,a, b 和 c 不 能引导目的状语从句。 【例 8】 Our neighbor has ____ ours.(NMET 2003 北京) a. as a big house as b. as big a house as c. the same big house d. a house the same big as 【答案】b 【点拨】本题考查比较状语从句结构中的句词位置问题。 【解析】可以将名词置于比较结构中间, 也可将比较结构作后置定语置于名词之后。如:our neighbour has as big a house as ours.或 our neighbour has a house as big as ours. 选项 c ,d 都错, 因为 the same 后面常跟名词。
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基础过关题 1. I had been looking for the book for two days____ I found it at last. a. until b. when c. before d. while 2. He punished his students ____ they did anything wrong. a. however b. whenever c. whatever d. whichever 3. Those passengers will wait here____ the bus arrives. a. until b. because c. though d. as 4. Hardly had we reached home ____ it began to rain. a. before b. than c. as soon as d. when 5. No sooner had we arrived at the cinema___ the film began. a. than b. before c. when d. as soon as 6. You can’t watch TV ____ you’ve finished your homework. a. since b. until c. as d. after 7. We had scarcely left our school____ the rain began. a. before b. than c. while d. when 8. We have never seen her again_____ she went to work in another city. a. when b. as c. since d. while 9. ____ the fight stopped, travel across the country has been quite safe. a. Since b. When c. After d. Unless 10. They were just about to leave____ the telephone rang. a. before b. when c. as d. than 11.. He hurried out of the room____ the meeting was over. a. the moment b. a moment ago c. after a minute d. a minute after 12..---―Did you catch the first bus this morning?‖ ---―No. It had left the stop____ I got there.‖ a.as soon as b. at the time c. by the time d. during the time 13.I shall start the work ____ he comes. I don’t know what to do first. a. after b. until c. before d. unless 14.The old man prefers to live____ the climate is mild. a. that b. which c. what d. where 15. ____ it is a holiday today, the children need not go to school. a. As b. When c. For d. As long as 16. ____ we were staying in China , we saw many interesting things. a. Since b. While c. After d. During 17. I got up early___ I might catch the first bus. a. in order that b. in case c. for fear that d. now that 18. _____ we had been invited to the party, we wore our best clothes. a. Though b. If c. Even if d. As
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19. ―How soon will you be able to finish your homework?‖ ―____‖ a. After two hours b. In two hours c. Two hours later d. For two hours 20. You may use the book as you like,___ you keep it clean. a. as soon as b. for c. as long as d. as well as 能力提高题 1. _____ I like the color of that hat, I don’t like its shape. a. That b. While c. So long as d. So 2. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome the difficulty,____ great it is. a. what b. however c. whatever d. how 3. I have told the story just____ it happened. a. as b. if c. then d. when 4. We found people friendly____ we went. a. to which b. in which c. wherever d. to where 5. The day breaks, ____ the birds are singing. a. because b. as c. since d. for 6. It was 12 ____ they finished the work. a. since b. which c. that d. when. 7.Why do you want a new job____ you’ve got such a good one already? a. That b. where c. which d. when 8---What was the party like? ---Wonderful. It was years ____ I had enjoyed myself so much. a. after b. before c. when d. since 9.I thought her nice and honest ___ I met her. a. first time b. for the first time c. the first time d. by the first time 10. After the war, a new school building was put up _____ there had once been a theatre. a. that b. where c. which d. when 11.John may phone tonight. I don’t want to go out___ he phones. a. as long as b. in order that c. in case d. so that 12. _____ , mother will wait for him to have dinner together. a. However late is he b. However he is late c. However is he late d. However late he is 13. I think I should prefer to go on Friday,___ it’s all the same to you. a. unless b. if c. as soon as d. though 14. ---The experiment is of particular importance. ---I see. We will carry on with it _____ we can get enough money. a. until b. unless c. whether d. however 15. Someone called me up in the middle of the night but they hung up____ I could answer the phone. a. as b. since c. until d. before 16.---It’s a long time___ I saw you last. ---Yes, and what a pity it is since it will be a long time___ we see each other again!
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a. before, since b. when, when c. since, before d. when ,then 17. He whispered to his wife___ he might wake up the sleeping baby. a. so that b. on condition that c. for fear that d. so long as 18. I won’t give you any help ____ you tell me the truth. It’s none of my business. a. unless b. since c. if d. even if 19. I was so familiar with him that I recognized his voice_____ I picked up the phone. a. immediately b. quickly c. suddenly d. hurriedly 20. ---Can I join you in the game? ---Sorry, not____ you have finished your homework. a. if b. since c. unless d. that 高考冲刺题 1. I thought things would get better, but_____ it is they are getting worse. a. before b. because c. as d. after 2. Their tent, ___ light as a feather, remained firm in the storm last night. a. as if b. even c. though d. if 3. ---When did he leave the classroom? --- He left ___ you turned back to write on the blackboard. a. the minute b. the time c. until d. before 4. In France dogs can go___ their owners can because people there love pets very much. a. no matter where b. anywhere c. somewhere d. nowhere 5. ____ , he does get annoyed with her sometimes. a. Although much he loves her b. Much although he loves her c. As he loves her much d. Much as he loves her. 6.The gas must have been used up, ____ the fire went out of itself. a. because b. as c for d. since 7. ---Don’t look down upon Bob. He has his own advantages. --- Oh, yes._____ others are weak , he is strong. a. If b. When c. Though d. Where 8.. It seems only seconds____ they came back. a. when b. after c. before d. till 9. ---Do you think we can get there on time? ---Yes,___ the truck doesn’t break down. a. even if b. unless c. until d. so long as 10.We won’t give up ___ we should fail ten times. a. even if b. since c. whether d. until 11. I have kept that portrait ___ I can see it every day, as it always reminds me of my university days in London. a. which b. where c. whether d. when 12.---Are you sure that you have met him before? ---____ I am mistaken.
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a. If b. Since .c. Unless d. More than 13.I don’t think I will need any money but I will bring some___. a. at last b. in case c. once again d. in time 14.---I’d like to invite you to my new house next weekend. ---Thank you, but ___ I’ll have time I am not sure at the moment. a. when b. as c. in case d. unless 15.---Have some Maotai, please. ---No, thanks. It’s 3 years ___ I drank. a. before b. since c. after d. when 16. John knocked at the door for nearly five minutes ___ his wife opened. a. when b. before c. until d. while 17. We hadn’t been out for long ___ she felt sick. a. as b. when c. while d. after 18. His success is ___ by talent as by energy. a. not so much b. so not much c. much not so d. so much not 19.She had golden hair when she was a child, but ____ she got older and older, her hair went a. while b when c after d. as 20. We liked the oil painting better____ we looked at it. a. as b. while c. the moment d. the more 答案与解析 基础过关题 1.答 c. 这里的 before 意为“过了(多久)才---” 。本句意为“这本书我找了两天才找到” 。其 他选项中,a 项最具迷惑性, 但此项不对,因为在 until/not---until 的句型中,until 前面一般 不接表示具体的一段时间状语,而此题中有 for two days 的具体时间状语。 2.答 b. 本句的语意为:无论学生什么时候做错事,他都要惩罚他们。However 后一般跟形容 词或副词。whatever 也不对,因为从句中已经有了 anything wrong, 如要用 whatever, 应说成 whatever wrong they did. 如果选用 whichever, 就要有一定的范围。 如: You can take whichever of them. 3.答 a. 根据题意只能选 a. 4.答 d. hardly ---when 是固定用法,表示“一---就---” 5.答 a. no sooner---than---是固定用法,表示“一---就---” 6.答 b. 只有 until 才符合题意:你不能看电视直到你做完你的作业。 7.答 d. scarcely---when----=hardly---when 8.答 c. 注意本句的时态, 从句中用过去时,主句中用现在完成时, 所以只能选择 c. 本句意 为“自从她去另一城市工作以来,我们再也没见过她” 9.答 a. 解析同上。 10.答 b. be about to do ---when--- 是常用固定结构,表示“正要---就在这时---” 11.答 a. the moment ---在此作 as soon as 解。 12.答 c. 从应答语“No‖中得到暗示: 当他到达车站时,汽车已开走了。
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13.答 a. 从答语 I don’t know what to do first 中得到暗示:只有当他来了以后我才可以开始工 作。 14.答 d. where 引导状语从句,表示“在---的地方” 15 答 a. as 在本句中意为“因为“, for 引导的原因状语从句一般不放在句首。 16.答 b. 四个选项中只有 b 项 while 才可作“当---时候 ”解。 17 答 a. in order that 引导目的状语从句, “为了,以便” ;in case ―万一” 与题意不符; for fear that ―惟恐‖ 也与句意不符; now that ―既然‖ , 也与句意不符, 而且它引导的从句往 往在句首. 18.答 d. a 项(though) 与句意的逻辑不符; 如用 b 项(if),则原句的主从句时态不符合逻辑; c 项(even if)也与句意的逻辑不符; 本句的语意是: 因为我们是被邀请参加晚会的, 所以我 们穿上了我们最好的衣服. 19.答 b. 原句的提问是 ―how soon‖ ―再过多久‖,往往用于将来时, 所以在答语中表示一段时间 后要用 ―in +一段时间‖ 20.答 c. as long as/so long as/ on condition that---都表示 ―只要‖ 能力提高题 1. 答 b. while 在此表示 “尽管, 虽然” 相当于 although/though. 又如: while(she is ) respected, she is not liked. 2. 答 b. 本题的关键词是横线后的形容词 great. however great it is =no matter how great it is. What 和 whatever 后都不能直接跟形容词或副词; how 后可以跟形容词或副词, 但为本 句的句法所不容。 3. 答 a. as ―就像‖ ―就如同‖ , 后接方式状语从句.其他选项均与原题意不符. 4. 答 c. 本句相当于: No matter where we went, we found people friendly. 5. 答 d. 本题是从结果推断出原因, 不是表示直接的从原因导致结果, 故选 for. 6. 答 d. 本题中的 it 指时间. it 指时间外还可指天气, 环境, 距离等. 又如: They live on a busy main road. It must be very noisy. 7. 答 d. when 在本题中的意思是:在---的情况下。本题意为: 在你已经找到了一份好工作 的情况下,你为什么还要另找工作呢? 8. 答 d. 答语中的关键词是: great(太棒了); It was years since I had enjoyed myself so much 的语 意是: 我好几年没这样开心过了。 9. 答 c. the first time 相当于 when ---for the first time. 选项 a 少了定冠词 the. 选项 b 只能作为 状语 如:In Oct,1968 I met him for the first time. 选项 d (by the time) 虽然后可接从句, 但 主句的时态应用过去完成时,而且也与原意不符。本题意为:当我第一次遇见她的时候, 我就认为她很好,很老实。 10. 答 b. 本句是 where 引导的让步状语从句, 相当于 at the place where---. 11. 答 c. 本题的关键词是 may. ―John 今天会打电话来。 (所以)我今天不想出去万一他打电 话来。‖ 其他选项均与题意不符. 12. 答 d. 本题考查 however 引导的让步状语从句. 通常用这样的句型: However +adj/adv + 从句主语+谓语, + 主句 如: However tired he was, he went on working. =No matter how tired he was, he went on working.
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13. 答 b. 本题的语意是: 我想我情愿星期五去, 如果对你来说是一样的话. 14. 答 c. Whether we can get enough money = No matter whether we can get enough money or not. ― 无论我们是否能搞到足够的钱,我们都得进行下去. 15. 答 d. ―在我接电话之前, 他就把电话挂断了‖ 16. 答 c. 本题中有两个句型 : It’s/has been + 一段时间 +since sb did sth.(自从---以来已经---时间了) It will be +一段时间+before sb do sth.( 再过多久才---) 应答语中的第一个 since 作 ―因为‖解. 17. 答 c. for fear that ―惟恐;担心‖. 本题中的其他选项不符合原意逻辑. 18. 答 d. 本题的提示语是 ― It’s none of my business.‖ ―这不关我的事‖. 表示无论怎样我都不 会帮你的. 所以选择有让步意义的 even if 为最佳答案. ―即使你告诉了我事情的真相, 我也 不会帮你的.‖ 19. 答 a. immediately 是个连词, 相当于 as soon as/ the moment/ directly 等. 20. 答 c. 本句的应答语是省略句, 相当于: Sorry, you can’t join us in the game unless you have finished your homework. 高考冲刺题 1.答 c. as it is 是个固定短语, ― 根据现在/这时情况看; 就现在这样子‖ 又如: We were hoping to have a holiday next week--- as it is , we may not be able to get away. 我们一直盼望下星期放假--- 看样子,走不了了. 2.答 c. 本句为省略句, 补充完整为: Their test, though (it was ) light as a feather, remained firm in the storm last night. 选项 a 语法上成立, 但与题意不符; 选项 b(even) 不能作为连词使用来引 导从句; 选项 d(if) 语法上成立, 但与题意不符. 3.答 a. the moment = as soon as / the moment/ directly 是连词 ―一---就—.‖ 选项 b 不能作连词 引导从句. 如用 c 项 until ,原句应改为: He didn’t leave until you turned back to write on the blackboard. 选项 d 意思根本不对。 4.答 b. 本题可转换为: In France dogs can go to any place where their owners can (go) because people there love pets very much. 此题中的 anywhere = to any place where . 正如 where 引导状 语从句时, 相当于: to/in the place where--- 一样。 其他选项中, 最具迷惑性的是 a 项 no matter where---,此项不能选择, 是因为 no matter where---只能引导让步状语从句, 但它不具有 to/in any place where---之意。 5.答 d. although 不能用于倒装结构, 所以排除 b 项。 a 项中的词序不对, 应为 although he much loves her ; c 项尽管在语法上正确(因为他很爱她) ,但是与原句的语意是不符合的。 6.答 c. 本题是从结果推断出原因, 不是表示直接的从原因导致结果, 故选 for. 7.答 d. 本题的语意是:别人是弱项的地方,他是强项。 8.答 c. ―It is/will be +一段时间+before ---‖ 表示“过(多长时间)就/才会---” 。 本题的语意“他过了几秒钟就回来了” 9.答 d. so long as =as long as “只要” 10.答 a. ―even if ”表示让步。 “即使我们失败十次, 我们也不放弃。 ” 11.答 b.是 “我要把这幅画挂在我看得到的地方, 因为它总是能使我想起我在伦顿的大学时光。 ” 12.答 c. 本句是省略回答:I am sure I have met him before unless I am mistaken.
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13. 答 b. ―in case‖ 在此“以防万一” ,本题的语意是“我认为我不需要用钱, 但是我还是会 带一些的,以防万一。 ”其余选项中最具迷惑性的是 ―at last‖ ―最终‖,但 at last 常常表示“经 过一段时间的等待或曲折,最后, 终于” 。又如: By heavens! It’s raining at last! (天哪!终于下雨了) I am happy to meet you at last. 14.答 a. 应答语的语意是“这个周末我什么时候有空,我暂时不清楚” 。注意:本句中宾语从 句提前 (when 引导的从句在本题中是宾语从句) , 正常语序为: I am not sure at the moment when I will be have time. 15. 答 b. 本题的关键是要搞清楚: “It is +一段时间+since ---(瞬间动词) 与 It is +一段时间+since –(延续性或状态性动词)”的 不同含义。 前者表示 “自从那个动作的开始以来” , 而后者则表示 “自从那个动作的结束以来” 。 本题的应答语语意为“不,谢谢, 我戒酒以来已三年了” 16.答 b. 本题的语意是“John 敲门敲了无分钟他的妻子才来开门。 ” 其他选项中,c 项最 具迷惑性, 但此项不对,因为在 until/not---until 的句型中,until 前面一般不接表示具体的一 段时间状语,而此题中有 for nearly five minutes 的具体时间状语。 17. 答 b.这里的 when 相当于 and at that time 或 and then, 是个并列连词。具有这种用法时是 as/while 所无法替代的。如选用 after, 则就会发现原句中的主从句时态相矛盾。 18.答 a. 本句是同级比较的否定结构,not so/as---as---; 本句意为:他的成功多靠他的努力,而 不是天才。 19. 答 d. as 引导的时间状语从句, 更突出强调 “随着” “一边---一边” , 如用 when 或 while 则 无此效果。 20.答 d. 本题的关键词是“better” ,表示一个过程;本句相当于:The more we looked at the oil painting, the more we liked it.

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