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语法填空之一名词


名词
名词主要考查的知识点:名词的用法,语境中词性的判断,词的转化。在语法填空题中常出
现给一个提示词要求用它的正确形式填空,

重点复习
①掌握名词单复数的变化规律以及与相近语法的关系 (名词单复数的使用受冠词、 数词和 主谓一致等语法的制约,因此复习名词单复数时,应注意分析名词前的数词、量词、冠词等 修饰语情况,还应注意主谓一

致问题) 。 ②熟悉、区别可数不可数(英语中有些名词有时为可数名词,而有时又是不可数名词,其 区别由各自不同的用法而定,这是名词可数性用法的难点) 。如:work 工作,不可数名词; 著作 作品,可数;工厂 作坊,可数;工程 工事,可数。 ③掌握名词所有格的表示方法和名词作定语的用法,特别注意 else 的所有格、双重所有 格的用法。

一、语法填空之名词基础练习
1.Father went to his doctor for_______ (advise)about his heart trouble. 2. There are ten__________ (woman)teachers and two hundred ________(girl) students in the school. 3. Facing cut-throat ______ (compete) in all subjects, students must devote as much of their time as possible. 4. I shall never fear difficulty and I shall never know the _______ (exist) of the word “failure”. 5. You’ll want to know your body language is saying and how to interpret other _______(people). 6. Not long ago he sent ______(word) that he would return with his family. 7. She was in London and spent her ________(young) in China. 8. The ________ (erupt) of Mount Kilauea, one of the most active volcanoes in Hawaii, is always taking people by surprise. 9. His _________ (curious) made him wonder about clouds. 10. Except for some short songs and poems included in his plays, all of _______ (Shakespeare) greatest poems are sonnet. 11. The number of languages is getting smaller all the time because of the steady ________ (grow) of bigger languages. 12. Tight jeans and trousers, short skirts and even sensible flat shoes may all cause _____ (ill). 13. Reduce the amount of it if you suffered from restlessness or ________ (sleep) after taking the medicine. 14. I saw many ______ (Japan) seated in the corner and reading something. 15. You should take more ______(exercise). Don’t always sit at the desk busy doing your _____(exercise).

二、高考与各地模拟题中语法填空中的名词考点
1…Mr Chen has taught me English since Junior 1, and to show my____ (appreciate) I decided to get her a present. (07 广州一模) 2. you have done well and made great achievement in the _ (entertain) field. (08 惠一模) 3. These people have made great (contribute) to China with their work.(08 茂名二模)
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4. As far as I am concerned, my [37] ____________ (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English within easy reach. (08 惠二模) 5. I took out my guide book in which there was a lot of information about the city's well-known tourist 34 (attract) and started to read. (08 广一模) 6. But some have put forward the idea that the remains date from this period because of their __38__ (similar) to those found elsewhere." (08 广二模) 7. She took me from a poor, unhappy college student and brought me into her world; a world of smiles, love and 39 ( warm ) (08 深圳一模) 8. We convey either by words or by actions that failure is something to be ashamed of and that nothing but top performance meets with our ___34___ (approve). (08 深圳二模) 9. Some things looked as if they had not been cared for a long time, but I knew their __34___( beautify) was still there beneath their own surface. (09 深圳一模拟)

三、语法填空
The Internet has become part of young people’s life. ____1____ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet . Most of them get _____2____ (use) infor mation on the Internet ____3____ use the Internet to help in their studies. But ma ny students don’t use it _____4____ a good way. Some play games too much, so me visit websites ____5____ shouldn’t look at. So bad things may happen ____6_ __ students spend too much time on the Internet. ____7____ is important for stude nts to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, _____8____ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful ad vice. Some students also make ____9____ on the Internet. But if you want to hav e a face-to-face ____10_____ (meet) with your online friends, let your parents kno w and meet in a proper place.

名词参考答案: 一、语法填空之名词基础练习 1.advice 2.women, girl 3.competition 4. existence 5. people’s 6.word 7. youth 8.eruption 9.curiosity 10.Shakespeare’s 11. growth 12.illnesses 13. sleeplessness 14.Japanese 15.exercise, exercises

二、高考与各地模拟题中语法填空中的名词考点

1. appreciation 2. entertainment 3. contributions 4. suggestion attractions 6. similarities 7. warmth 8. approval 9. beauty

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语法填空 1. A .从下文中可以看出这是一个报道表明,前文还没有出现,无须特指.考查冠词的用法. 2. useful. 提示词 use 有名词和动词的词性,在这里是要一个形容词修饰 imformation.考察
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词性的判定和转化。 3. and. 从这个句子要表达的意思来看 get 和 use 是并列的谓语动词。 4. in . 固定搭配,in a way 表示用某种方法。 5. they. 这是一个省略了 that/which 的定语从句,从句子成分来看,此句缺乏主语,是用 来修饰 websites,而关系代词在定语从句种作宾语,故省略,填 they 来作从句中的主语。 6. if .从上一句话承接下来的一个结果, 但用了情态动词 may,此空应该填连词来引导一个条 件状语从句。 7. It. 形式主语 it 代替真正的主语-不定式 to use the Internet. 8. which. 通过句子分析法可以知道这是一个非限制性的定语从句。 9. friends. 由语境,下文中 online friends 推断出 make friends 这个短语。 10. meeting . 提示词 meet 虽有名词词性,但 have a meeting 是习惯搭配

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