新课标 2016 高考英语备考必背英语作文的框架及典型范例 考前必背英语作文的框架（1） ★★★对比观点题型 （1） 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1． 有一些人认为…… 2． 另一些人认为…… 3． 我的看法…… The topic of ①-----------------（主题）is becoming more and more popular recently
. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of②-----------------（支持 A 的理由一）What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持 B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥-----------------（理由二） . Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------（我的观点）. The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . （2） 给出一个观点，要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ①----------------（观点一）. For example, they think ②-----------------（举例说明）．And it will bring them ③---------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不 同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤---------(反对的理由之二)． Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥-----(我对文章所讨论主题的看 法)． ★★★阐述主题题型 要求从一句话或一个主题出发，按照提纲的要求进行论述． １． 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义． ２． 分析并举例使其更充实． The good old proverb ---------------（名言或谚语） reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it. First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说 明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三)． In my opinion, ----------------(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the say------A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it. ★★★解决方法题型 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径
１． 问题现状 ２． 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明Ａ的现状)．Second, ----------(举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation.For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三). Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处). 考前必背英语作文的框架（2） ★★★说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状，再对比事物本身的利弊，有时也会单从一个角度（利 或弊）出发，最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度（或对事物前景提出预测） １． 说明事物现状 ２． 事物本身的优缺点（或一方面） ３． 你对现状（或前景）的看法 Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(Ａ的优点之一). Besides -------------------（Ａ的优点之二）. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(Ａ的第一个缺点)．To make matters worse,------------------(Ａ 的第二个缺点)． Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法)． (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对 前景的预测)．) 考前必背英语作文的框架（3） ★★★议论文的框架 (1) 不同观点列举型（ 选择型 ） There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题 目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一 ________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first plac e, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二 _____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some peoplehold the idea that_观二_____. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___原因一 _______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点 二______.
As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二_. Itis not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more _____ ___. （2）利弊型的议论文 Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目 ______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题 _____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Fir stly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides",讨论议题 is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with,缺 点 一 . In addition, 缺 点 二 . To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of 讨论议题 into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___. ( 3 ) 答题性议论文 Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)作文题目 _______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no effort s to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __ 途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途 径二_____. Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目 ______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____. ( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well known to us that the proverb: " ___谚 语 has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____ 谚语的含义 ______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically ) A case in point is ___例子一 ______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the prover b ____谚语_____. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of p eople come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语 _____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.. ★★★图表作文的框架 as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作文题目的议题 _____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/ste
adily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decli ne/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________. There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.
高考英语作文经典范文 一、与报社等讨论稿（带手机利弊） Dear Editor, [引出话题] I’m a senior three student. I’m writing to tell you my opinion onwhether middle school students can go to school with mobile phones. [赞成]I think they can do that. Because students can keep in touch with their friends and family wherever they are. Besides, the mobile phone is a way to have fun. [反对] However, every coin has 2 sides. There are some problems with using mobile phones. The ring of phones can disturb teachers and students in the classroom. Another students is that some students can spend too much time and money on phone calls and sending messages. [个人观点] In conclusion, I suggest students not use phones in the classroom. Also, as it is expensive, the owner should take good care of it. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 二、看对照表格写调查报告（孩子出国利弊） [调查内容] A survey is taken on public opinions of the fact that many parents spend a large amount of money sending their children to study abroad, some of whom are middle school students. [调查结果]From it we can see that 38 percent of those surveyed think it is worth the money letting children study abroad to get a better education so that they can get pay in return in the future. However, not all are for it / some are against it. 62% of them hold the view that it is difficult for young people to live and study in a foreign country. It’s easy for them to fall / get into some bad habits and the cost of education in another country is ten times as much as that at home. [解决措施]The survey shows that the government should set up different kinds of schools to meet the demands of different children.（句型 do something /take measures / steps about sth.to do sth） 三、读柱状图表写调查报告 [注意句式变换] Middle school students have some ideas about their future jobs. The most striking contrast is in teaching: 30percent of the girls would like to become teachers while only 5percent of the boys want to do the job. 20 percent of the boys want to do business and another 20 percent want to become lawyers, while girls make up 15percent in these two fields.
What boys like to do most is to become managers and the second largest group would like to be scientists. Besides teaching, the second choice for girls is to be scientists and managers. The number is not small. Girls also expect to show their abilities in these two fields. 四、写信（过去/现在对比） Dear editor, I’m a middle school student. I once had a very happy family, but everything has changedbecause of my father. He used to be a very good doctor and was often praised by his patients. He took good care of the family and shared the housework with my mother everyday. However, he is now quite a different person. He plays mahjong all night and often quarrels with my mother. I just can’t concentrate on my studies and my grades are coming down. I’m very much worried and I’m afraid it will destroy my family as well as my father Could you help me what to do? I’m looking forward to your reply. Thank you very much. Li Hua 五、图画+个人想法 One day during the summer holidays, I met my classmate Li Ming, whose nickname is Tao taopi. We chatted for a while as we walked. I asked him where he would go during the holidays. He replied that he had to stay at home studying. Then I’d like to know why he didn’t go out for a tour. Much to my surprise, he told me that it was just because he failed to be accepted by key universities. In my opinion/Personally/ I think, traveling during the holidays not only increase a student’s knowledge of his or her motherland but also makes life meaningful. What’s more, at the present time, we students are suffering a lot both at home and school. Why not go out to get relaxed. 六、幽默画 We want our schoolbags lighter [图画内容]The picture shows us a schoolboy and a big woman. The boy is wearing a pair of glasses and carrying a big heavy bag. The woman is taking some exercise. The boy is saying to the woman jokingly: “Mum, if you carry the schoolbag for me, I’m sure you will easily lose weight….” [社会实际]It’s quite common that Chinese students are overburdened with the lessons and homework. What we do every day is to listen to the teachers’ lectures, take notes and do our homework which seems endless. [个人想法]We do hope our teachers will help us get more knowledge with fewer lectures, exercises and less homework. Only in this way can we have time to do sports every day. Then we will be mentally and physically healthy. 七、 补全图画 Yesterday afternoon I went to the park. It so happened that I saw a touching event.
At that time there were some people boating on the lake. A girl and her parents were taking photos. All of a sudden, the little girl fell into the lake as a result of carelessness. Obviously she couldn’t swim and was struggling in the water. Her parents cried for help. Hearing the cry, a young man immediately rushed to the bank and jumped into the water without taking off his clothes. He swam to the drowning girl and managed to push to the bank. At last the girl was saved. The girl’s parents were very grateful to the young man. Many people were greatly moved by the young man’s deeds. What a kind and brave young man! 八、广播稿（看图 海啸 ） Boys and girls, May I have your attention, please? At the end of 2004, a strong earthquake hit the west part of Indonesia, which brought on a terrible tsunami to some areas of western Asia. This disaster has caused millions of deaths and destroyed many beautiful cities. How terrible things are! Besides, millions more who have become homeless are in great need of help now. At present many countries all over the world including China have sent rescue teams there and thousands of people in every corner of the world are donating money to show their concern for them. It is true that many natural disasters can’t be avoided sometimes. But at least we can do something to help the people in the tsunami-hit areas. So let’s offer our pocket money to them! Thank you. 九、通知 Dec. 19th, 2004 NOTICE To help students learn more about computers, we have invited Professor Wang from the Computer Department of Qinghua University to give us a lecture on Saturday, December 22nd. Professor will talk about the use of computer and how to learn through the Internet. The lecture begins at 2;00pm in Room 204 of the Library Building. Any computer-lover is welcome to attend the lecture. Please bring your questions in computer learning. Professor Wang will leave you time for questions. Don’t forget to be on time. the Students’ Union 十、欢迎词 Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our school! Now let me introduce something about the changes that have taken place in our class. We used to listen and take notes in class, but had no time to think for ourselves. Because we were not interested in the lessons, we often felt sleepy while listening. After school we had to finish much homework, unable to have some sports. However, things are different now. With the help of computers, the lessons are so lively and interesting that the students are active to answer the questions instead of falling asleep. As a result,
we have made greater progress than before, though we spend less time doing our homework. And we can enjoy ourselves after class. The good teaching method is popular with all of us. We will try our best to study even harder. That’s all. Thank you! 十一、填写求职表格 Family name: Zhou First name: Lan Sex: Female Date of birth: March 25,1983 Place of birth: Zhuzhou, Hunan Nationality: Chinese Address: No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou Telephone number: 0733-8483628 Education: Graduated from Hunan University Explain why you think you are suited for the job: I enjoy working with people. I’m young and healthy, delightful, helpful. I can speak standard Chinese and I’m good at English. I once won the first prize of English competition in our college. I’m very interested in traveling and know many places of interest in China. 十二、求职信 Dear sir, The other day from China daily I know that your company need a travel guide.I’m writing to apply for the job. I’m Chinese, female. I was born on March 25,1983 in Zhuzhou, Hunan province. I graduated from Hunan University last month. I enjoy working with people. I’m young and healthy, delightful, helpful. I can speak standard Chinese and I’m good at English. I once won the first prize of English competition in our college. I’m very interested in traveling and know many places of interest in China. I think I’m suited for the job. If you can let me have this chance I will try my best to do it well. Expecting you answer. You can connect me by posting a letter to No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou or dial this number:0733-8483628. Yours sincerely, Zhoulan 十三、 回复公司关于面试的回信 No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou, Hunan July 28, 2005 Dear Mr Lively, Thank you for your letter of July 20 asking me to come to inter view on Friday, August 2 at 2:30 pm.
Unfortunately, I shall not be in that day, as I have another appointment. May I suggest another date for the interview? I could come to an interview on Thursday, August 1, or the morning of August 2. I hope one of these dates will be possible for you, as I am extremely interested in the post. I look forward to hearing from you.