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上课用课件)必修四 Unit 4 Warming up & Reading[课件]


Unit 4 Body Language

Period 1&2: 幻灯片9-43页

Listen to a song and write down the lyrics(歌词)
? If you're happy and you know it, ? __________________. ? If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it ? If you?re happy and you know it, ? ________________________ If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it

? If you?re happy and you know it, _______________ If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it ? If you?re happy and you know it, _______________ If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it

? If you?re happy and you know it, ___________________ If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it
? If you?re happy and you know it, ________________ If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it

? If you're happy and you know it, ? __________________________ . If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it

Listen to a song and write down the lyrics(歌词)
? If you're happy and you know it, ? clap your hands (clap clap) ? If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it ? If you?re happy and you know it, ? nod your head (nod nod) If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it

? If you?re happy and you know it, stretch your leg If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it ? If you?re happy and you know it, turn round If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it

? If you're happy and you know it, stomp your feet (stomp stomp) If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it
? If you're happy and you know it, shout "Hurray!" (hoo-ray!) If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it

? If you're happy and you know it, do all three (clap-clap, stomp-stomp, hoo-ray!) If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it

Warming up – I ( 2m )

Ways of communicating
speaking ringing

Spoken language

writing Written language typing

Body language gesturing

Definition(定义) for Body Language

One form of communication without using any words

Eye contact

Facial Gesture expression

Posture

angry sorrowful

scornful happy

sad shocked

facial expression: a look on a person’s face

Well-done

Ok
victory!

quiet

stop

handshake

Kiss

hug

shake

nod

bow

kiss your hand to sb.

Just like verbal language(言辞), body language is part of culture. It plays an important role in daily communication. So, it is very important to understand and use it correctly. And for a foreign language learner, it is as necessary to learn the body language as to learn the verbal language.

Look at the title and picture on page 26 and predict what the passage is about.
Which is the main idea of the text? A. There are different customs in different countries. B. Foreigners should follow the customs of the country where they are visiting.

C. People use body movements to send messages and
different body movements have different meanings. D. The importance of knowing customs.

? Review

1.represent ; vt.代表 vi. & vt.迎接; 2.greet 3.association n.社团;联系;联想 4.communicate v.交流 5.curious adj.好奇的 6.approach vt. & vi.接受;靠近 7. defend vt.保护;保卫 8.major adj.主要的 9.misunderstanding n.误解;误会

Reading
Communication:
No problem?

Listen to the tape and match the main idea of each part with lines. Part 1. Different people have different (Para.1) body language. Part 2. (Para. 2~3) Part 3. (Para. 4) Part 4. (Para. 5) Summary of body language. Meet the visitors at the airport. People from different countries express greetings in different ways.

Reading – IV ( 10m )

Read the passage again and then answer the following questions:

1.Why are the people visiting China?
2.What parts of the world are not represented by the visitors? 3.Why is Julia Smith surprised? 4.Why do you move back from Ahmed Aziz? 5.What do French people often do when they meet people they know?

6.Can we expect people everywhere to act the same? Why?

7. Is the author of this passage male or female? How do you know?

1.Why were the people visiting China?
Because they were coming to study at Beijing University 2.What parts of the world are not represented by the visitors? Africa, Australia and central America are not represented.

3.Why was Julia Smith surprised?
Julia Smith was surprised because Mr. Garcia touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek. 4.Why did the author move back from Ahmed Aziz? The author moved back because Ahmed Aziz moved very close to the author .

5.What do French people often do when they meet people they know? French people will often kiss people they know on both cheeks. 6.Can we expect people everywhere to act the same? Why? No, we can’t because not all cultures greet each other the same way .

7 Is the author of this passage male or female? How do you know?

The author is male. From the text we know that men from Middle Eastern and other Muslim countries will often stand quite close to other men to talk but will usually not touch women and that Ahmed Aziz shook with the author.

? Careful reading para1
? Judge the following sentences T or F ? 1. Yesterday, another student and I, representing our university's student association, went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year's international students. T ? 2. After an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive, I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking around curiously. F ? 3. I stood for a minute watching them and then went to greet them. T

Matching the people and their different Part 2 ways of greeting (para2&3)
Mr Garcia (Columbia) Julia Smith (Britain) Visitor (Japan)

1.shakes hands and kisses others twice on each cheek 2.bows 3.shakes hands 4.approaches others closely and touches their shoulder and kisses them on the cheek 5.does not stand very close to others or touch strangers

George Cook (Canada) Madame Coulon (France)

Para 2

Find out the two mistakes the writer found in the airport: He approaches Ms Smith Mr. Garcia by touching _______ ______ her from The _________ _______ shoulder and kissed (Columbia ) first her on the ________. cheek mistake She ______ stepped________ back Julia Smith appearing surprised _________ from and take a few steps (Britain) away from _______ ______ Mr.
Garcia.

a Japanese The second mistake George Cook from (Canada)

He ________ bowed to Mr. Cook and his nose touched Mr. _________ moving Cook’s _______ ________. hand He ________ reached ________ _______ his hand ________ to the out Japanese.

Reading – III Read paragraph3-6, then decide if the following statements are true (T) or false (F) and correct the error.

Englishmen often stand close to others or touch F strangers as soon as they meet.
Most people around the world now greet each other F by kissing . Japanese will bow to others as greeting. T

Some body languages in some countries are good while some countries’ body language are bad. F

Quiz I Retell the text by filling in the following blanks. Another student and I went to the Capital International Airport to ______ some ___________ students from many parts of the world. I saw these students from different countries expressing _________ in different ways. These are examples of learned or cultural “_____ ________”. Not all cultures _____ each other the _____ way,

nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or _________ between people. In the same way that people ____________ with spoken language, they also _______ their feelings using unspoken “language” through ________ distance, actions or ________. In a word, body language differs in different ________ and is widely used in ______________.

Answer: Another student and I went to the Capital International Airport to ______ meet some ___________ students from many parts of international the world. I saw these students from different countries expressing _________ greetings in different ways. These are examples of learned or cultural “_____ body ________”. language Not all cultures _____ greet each other the _____ same way,

nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or _________ distance between people. In the same way that people ____________ communicate with spoken language, they also _______ express their feelings using unspoken “language” through ________ physical distance, actions or ________. posture In a word, body language differs in different ________ cultures and is widely used in ______________. communication

Task : discussion

Do you think body language is important? Why?

Homework:

1. Recite the new words in the text. 2. Go over “Learning about language” 1. 2. And 3 on P27-28.

1.represent ; vt.代表 vi. & vt.迎接; 2.greet 3.association n.社团;联系;联想 4.communicate v.交流 5.curious adj.好奇的 6.approach vt. & vi.接受;靠近 7. defend vt.保护;保卫 8.major adj.主要的 9.misunderstanding n.误解;误会

昨天我 represent 代表 ed东江中学去 迎接 greet 英国的一个 association 社团 到我们学校
communicate 交流 , 出于 curiosity 好奇 我们 approach 靠近 ed他们,但同时由于潜意识 ed自己,我们出现了 major 地 defend 保护 主要 misunderstanding truly 发生 的 误会 。 这是真实 的。

Expressions preview
1.defend against 保卫……以免 2.on the contrary 相反地 3.in the same way 以相同的方式 4.at ease

舒适;快活; 总的来说;通常

5.be likely to
6.in general

很可能……;有希望……

1.represent vt.代表,象征;作为??的代表 或代理人 representation n.代表,代表团,代理 representative adj.代表性的 n.代表,代理人 represent sb. as/to be 宣称某人为?? represent sth. to sb. 向某人说明某事;向某人传 达某事 represent sth./sb. as sth./sb. 把??描绘成??
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[即学即练1](1) The rose _____________ represents love.
玫瑰花是爱情的象征。 represents a storm at sea. (2) This picture _____________ 这幅画表现的是海上风暴。 representedChina in the conference. (3) He ____________ 他代表中国参加了这次会议。

(4) He ___________ represents himself ________ to be an
expert.

他称自己是专家。
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? represent用来表示“代表某人、某个团体 、政府等”“某种标志代表什么”“某物 (书、雕塑等)表现的是什么”和“把某 人/物描绘成什么”。 ? on behalf of只能用做状语,表示“代表/代 替某人”。 stand for往往用来表示“(字母、数字、符 号等)代表/象征什么”。

? 1) He___________ represented our school to take part in the competition and all of us were proud of him. On behalf of 2) ____________everyone here, I wish you a very happy holiday. stand for? ? 3) What does the letter “E” _______

2 curious adj. 好奇的;莫名其妙的;古怪的 curiously adv. 好奇地 curiosity n. 好奇心;奇人;奇物;珍品 be curious about... 对??好奇 be curious to_do 急于做?? out_of curiosity 出于好奇 in/with curiosity 好奇地

1.Mandy was curious_________ ________ what Peter had to say for himself.蒂很想听道彼得怎样 为自己辩解。 [答案] to hear 2.It's very curious _______________________ 她没道别就离开了,真奇怪。 [答案] that she left without saying goodbye 3.__________enough,a year later exactly the same thing happened again.说来也怪,一模一样 的事情在一年以后又发生了 [答案] Curiously

1.If you are________about Australian cities,just read the book written by Dr.Johnson. ? A.interested B.anxious ? C.upset D.curious ? 【解析】D 本题考查形容词词义及用法 辨析。be interested in对??感兴趣;be anxious about渴望做某事,对某事担忧 ;be upset at对??感到不安;be curious about对??感到好奇。从句子的 意思分析,此处用D项。

( )(2) (2010· 天津) People have always been______ about exactly how life on earth began. A. curious B. excited C. anxious D. careful A 考查形容词的意义和用法。 句意:人们一直对于地球生命的起源感到好 奇。根据介词about后面宾语从句的意义, 可以确定前面表示的是好奇,be curious about 是“对……感到好奇”的意思。

? 3.(2009年江苏徐州模拟)—Jack has spent an hour in the shoe shop . Hasn’t he decided which pair of shoes to buy? ? —Maybe . Young as he is,he is ________ about his appearance. ? A.special B.curious ? C.particular D.serious 【解析】 be particular about对??挑剔。 ? 【答案】 C

3 The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia,closely followed by Julia Smith from Britain. [信息提取] to arrive为不定式作后置定语。 [例句仿写] 她是在29届奥运会获得金牌的第 一位运动员。 ? She was________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________in the 29th Olympic Games. 【答案】 the first athlete to win the gold medal

(2)closely adv. ①接近地,密切地,多指抽象的近 The two events are closely connected. 这两件事有密切的联系。 ②严密地,仔细地 Please listen closely to the following instructions. ? 请仔细听以下说明。 ? The policemen examined his room closely. ? 警察仔细地检查了他的房间。 ? ? ? ? ? ?

close adv.“接近”,指距离上的“近”。 ? Go further away!You are too close to me. ? 再离远一点,你太靠近我了。 ? Come closer (to me). ? 再靠近我一点吧。 ? Don’t stand close to me. ? 不要站得离我太近。

? 1)It was raining heavily.Little Mary felt cold,so she stood________to her mother. ? A.close B.closely ? C.closed D.closing ? 【解析】 close to用做副词,意为“接 近地”,指具体距离的接近;closely常表 示抽象意义,意为“密切的,严密的,紧 紧地”。 ? 【答案】 A

4、approach n.&v. A. (时间上)临近,接近 根据语境猜词义 B. (空间上)走近,靠近

(1) Spring is approaching. Everything is awaking.
(2) As we approached the woods, fresh air is coming towards us. (3) He is in his sixties and approaching retirement.

辨析
approach/way/method/means 1) approach 除“接近”之外,还有“方法” 的意思。an approach to(介词)。 2) way 一般用语,指解决问题的具体办法或 途径,也指个人的特殊的“方式、方法”, 常常构成:in this way 用这种方法;the way to do/the way of doing (to为不定式) “做某事的方法”。

3)

method 着重指系统的、科学的有条理办 事方法或解决问题的思路,构成“with a method 用一种方法”和“the method of +名词”结构。
4) means 指任何用来达到目的的东西,可 指器具、工具、机器等,也可指行动、方 法、策略、手段等。其单复数同形, 构成 “by means of 通过……方法” 结构。

在使用这几个词时,注意它们的搭配:
(1)句型搭配

the way of + n. / doing sth.
the way to do sth.

the method of + n.
the approach to + n. / doing sth.

(2) “用这种方法”表达方法
in this way by this means

with this method

单项填空 ( )There is no easy ______ to the mathematics problem. A. way B. means C. method D. approach
D 考查名词与介词的搭配辨析。 approach方法,与to连用,表示“……的方 法”,而means翻译为“方式”,不可与to 连用。method与with 搭配。way则与of连用, 和to连用时,to为不定式。

5 put up举起,升起,张贴,搭建(帐篷等),留 宿 ? Put up your hands if you have any questions. ? 有问题请举手。 ? Many high buildings have been put up there. ? 那里建起了许多高楼。 ? They’ll put up at a hotel for the night. ? 他们将在旅馆住一夜。 ? I’d like to put up an idea for your consideration. ? 我想提个意见供你考虑。

? ? ? ? ? ?

put up with忍受 put aside储存备用;留下 put down放下;记下,写下;镇压 put off推迟;延期 put out扑灭;生产;出版

? 1)A notice was________in order to remind the students of the changed lecture time. ? A.sent up B.given up ? C.set up D.put up ? 【解析】 句意为:张贴通知是为了提醒 同学们演讲时间的变动。本题考查动词短 语辨析。put up张贴,建立,提高;send up发出,发射;give up停止,放弃;set up创立;建立。

? 2)—Look,John’s fallen asleep at work! ? —Oh,he must have________late last night. ? A.waken up B.put up ? C.taken up D.stayed up ? 【解析】 考查动词短语辨析。答语的语境 :昨天夜里他一定是熬夜了。stay up熬夜 ,挺住,站立。wake up醒来;put up建造 ,搭起,留宿,张贴,挂起,举起;take up占去,占据,开始从事,拿走,接收。 ? 【答案】 D

考点6 defence n. 保护,保卫

【课文如是】 She stepped back appearing surprised and put up her hands,as if in defence.(课本P26) ?defend sb./sth. from/against sb./sth. ? ?保护某人?某物?免受伤害,保卫某人?某物? ?defend oneself against sth. 为自己辩护 ? defence n. 保卫;保护;辩护;答辩

1.It's the glorious duty for every soldier to __________________________. 卫国抗敌是每个士兵应尽的光荣职责。 [答案] defend our country against enemies 2The law allows people to ________themselves ____a charge. 法律允许人们对指控进行辩护。 [答案] defend;against 3 . When a dog attacked me , I __________ ____________________. 当一只狗攻击我时,我拿起一根棍子保护自己。 [答案] defended myself with a stick

7 major n.v.&adj. A. 主修 B. ……专业的学 生 C. 主要的(主要做定语,无比较级) 根据语境猜词义

(1)Chinese, maths and English are three
major subjects. (2)He is majoring in English.

(3)He is a history major.

8 ,since that is the French custom when adults meet people they know.(P26)
结构分析:此句虽然不长,却含有三个从句。 ⑴________ 原因状语从句,在这个从 since 引导一个_____ 句中,when引导一定_____ 时间状语从句;在这个 状语从句中,(whom/that)they know是 ⑶ 定语 从句,修饰people。 ______

9 Not all cultures greet each other the same way,nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or distance between people. 各种文化背景下的人互致问候的方式不尽相同 ,身体接触和相互间距的程度也不尽相同。 否定词nor 放在句首时,句子要用部分倒装, 与neither 用法基本相同。

1) not 与all, both, every, each 及含every 的合成词 连用时,无论not位于这些词的前面还是后面, 都构成部分否定,意为“并非所有的… … 都… …”

表示全部否定,要用none, neither, no one, nothing或no等来表示或借用never, not…at all来 进行全部否定。
I agree with most of what you said, but I don?t agree with______. A A. everything B. something C. anything D. nothing

2)

not …nor…既不… …也不… …

They do not shake hands with women, nor are they likely to kiss women publicly. 他们既不与妇女握手,也不在公共场合亲吻 他们。 3)nor 放在句首,该句子应用部分倒装语序, 即把be动词、助动词或情态动词放在主语前 面。

仿写:根据汉语意思,完成英文句。 ⑴ 如果你不想去,我也不想去。 neither/nor will I If you don’t want to go,________________. ⑵ 我不喜欢住在闹市区,她也不喜欢。 nor/neither I do not like living downtown,and ____________ does she ____________________. ⑶ 他不能做,我也不能,你也不能,任何人都 不能。 He can’t do it,________,nor can you,______ nor can nor can I anybody . ___________

10. likely/probable/possible
possible 十有一/ 二/ 三的可能性 likely十有五/ 六/ 七的可能性 probable十有八/ 九的可能性 (1)likely 常用句型: ①Sth./Sb. be likely to do... ②It is likely that... 不可以说 It is likely for sb. to do。
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not likely (表示坚决不同意)绝不可能,绝对 不会 (2) probable常用句型:It is probable that...

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(3)possible 常用句型:
①It is possible (for sb.) to do sth.

②It is possible that...
③ as quickly/much/soon...as possible

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单项填空 ( )(1) It's nearly eleven o'clock and mother ______ walk in at any moment. A. is possible to B. is probable to C. is likely to D. is able to 考查likely/ possible/probable的辨析。

C

当主语是人时,只能用sb. be likely to do sth. 句式,所以答案是C。

(

)(2) I think the team of your class will

be ______ to win, but you have to work harder. A. possible C. probable
B

B. likely D. certain

possible和 probable只能构成It's + adj.

+to do sth.句式;certain是“一定、理所当

然”,根据but you have to work harder判断,
没有十足的把握,所以答案是B。

? (3)It is________for her to finish that maths problem in such a short time, because she is so clever. ? A.probable B.impossible ? C.likely D.possible ? 【解析】 probable,likely一般不用于It is...for sb.to do sth.句型。另由句意可排 除B项。 ? 【答案】 D

12 in general总的说来;大体上;通常 ? In general,the foreign language is not easy to learn. ? 通常外语比较难学。 ? In gereral,people in the south like rice. ? 一般而言,南方人喜欢吃大米。

As a general rule,the more expensive the computer is,the better it is.一般说 来,电脑越贵越好。

? In________,the northerners are keen on dumplings while the southerners are fond of rice. ? A.common B.total ? C.general D.particular ? 【解析】 根据搭配in general总之,可 知C项正确。 ? 【答案】 C

13 avoid v. 逃避;避免;回避 avoidable adj.

avoid n./doing sth
I realized that we were all trying to avoid the topic. 我意识到我们都在尽力地避免这个话题。

类似avoid的及物动词有:advise, suggest, finish, practice, dislike, enjoy, consider, appreciate, imagine, excuse, miss, forbid, allow, permit, mind, escape等

Grammar

画出句中的doing形式,并指出它在句中所充当的 成分。 1. Coming late for school is a bad habit. 2.We should aviod coming late for school. 3.The bad weather keeps the flight coming late. 4.They are exciting . 5. Coming late, the girl missed the train.

V-ing形式作状语
语态 主动语态 被动语态 时态 一般式 (not) doing (not) being done
完成式(not) (not) having done having been done

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V-ing作状语的用法
V-ing短语在句子中作状语,可以表示时
间,原因,结果,条件,方式或伴随动

作等。

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一 时间
1 Turning around, she saw a police car driving up. 2 Looking out of the window, I saw some children playing football. 3 (When) hearing the news, he couldn’t help laughing.

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Turning around, she saw a police car ① driving up.

=When she turned around, she saw a police..
② Finding the camera stolen, the teacher asked the boy to the office. = After he found the camera stolen, the teacher asked the boy to the office. ③ Having tried for many times, he invented the light bulb.

=After he tried for many times, he … bulb.

二 原因
1 Being poor, he couldn’t go to school. 2 Seeing nobody at home, he left them a note. 3 Not knowing his telephone number, I couldn’t get in touch with him.

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①Being badly ill, the boy stayed in the domitory.

= As he was badly ill , the boy stayed in the .. ②Not knowing the phone number, we can?t get in touch with him. =Because we don?t know the phone number, we can?t get in touch with him.
=If we preparing fully, we can …

三 方式或伴随状语
1 He came running. 2 She stood waiting for a bus. 3 He sat there reading a book. 4 The students ran out of the classroom, talking and laughing.

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1

He came running. =He came and ran. 2 She stood waiting for a bus. =She stood and waited for a bus. 3 Four people entered the room looking around in a curious way.
= Four people enter the room and looked around in a curious way.
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四 结果
1 The child slipped and fell, hitting his head against the door. 2 Her husband died, leaving her four children. 3 They fired, killing many people in the street.

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①His father died, leaving the family worse off. =His father died ; as a result, the family was worse off.

五 条件
1 Using your head, you’ll find a good way. 2 Working hard, you’ll surely succeed.

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94

? ①Preparing fully, we can have some success in the coming exam.
? 2) Using your head, you’ll find a good way. ? = If you use your head,you’ll find a good way. ? =Use your head and you’ll find a good way. 3) Working hard, you’ll surely succeed. = If you work hard ,you ’ll surely succeed. = Work hard and you’ll surely succeed.

=If we prepare fully, we can …

? 1 Hearing the news, they got excited.

时间

2 Given more time, we would be able to do the work better.

条件 3.The students went out of the classroom, laughing and talking 伴随

4 Being watched by so many people,he didn’t know what to say. 原因 5 The student studied hard , making it possible for him to pass the test. 结果

注意:
1. 当v-ing形式与句子的主语之间存在着逻辑 上的动宾关系时,应使用被动式:being done
1)Being helped by the teacher, she will learn English well.

V-ing作状语 By Jun

97

注意:
2. 当v-ing形式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词 动作之前时,应使用完成式:having done 1)Having finished his homework, he rushed out to play basketball. 2) Having cleaned the classroom , she went home.

V-ing作状语 By Jun

98

3. 当v-ing形式被动式的动作发生在谓语动词动 作之前时, 被动式应使用完成式:having been done 1)Having been shown the lab, we were taken to see the library. 2)Having been translated into many languages, the book was widely read all over the world.

V-ing作状语 By Jun

99

4. v-ing形式作状语时,它的逻辑主语必须与 主句的主语是一致的。 1)Rushing into the dining-room, supper was waiting for me. Rushing into the dining-room, I found supper was waiting for me. 2)While visiting a strange city, a guidebook is very helpful. While visiting a strange city, you may find a guide-book very helpful.
V-ing作状语 By Jun 100

5. 独立主格结构: 1)Spring coming on, the trees turned green. 2)Her mother being ill, she had to look after her at home. 3)Time permitting, we’ll visit the Great Wall. 4)He guiding the blind man, they walked slowly across the street.
V-ing作状语 By Jun 101

6. 固定结构: 1) Judging from his appearance, he must be very rich. 2) Generally speaking, his answer is right. 3) Considering everything, they did a good job.

V-ing作状语 By Jun

102

Grammar work 语法专练

用所给动词的适当形式填空。
1. Notknowing ________(know) his address, I couldn’t go to see him yesterday. 2. Look out for cars when crossing _______(cross) the street. 3. Nothaving _________________ been invited (invite) to the party, Mary was greatly hurt.

leaving 4. He dived into the water, ______ (leave) only his face exposed. 5. When I got back home I saw a message reading pinned to the door, _______ (read) “Sorry to miss you; I will call later.” Taking (take) a deep breath, they 6. _______ dived into the water. closed 7. Having ____________ (close) the windows and the door, the students left the room.

Rewrite the following sentences. 1. When he approached Ms Smith, he touched her shoulder and kissed her. = When _____ ___________ Ms Smith, he approaching touched her shoulder and kissed her.

2. Because he hadn’t received an answer, he decided to write another letter to him. having received = Not ____ ______ ______ an answer, he decided to write another letter to him.

3. Because he comes from Jordan, he moves close to ask you a question. = _______ Coming _____ from Jordan, he moves close to ask you a question.

4. When he sees the mountain, he always thinks of his hometown. Seeing the mountain, he always = _______ thinks of his hometown.

5. She sat at the desk and did her homework. = She sat at the desk , doing ______ her homework ____ __________. 6. He hunted all the shops to look for a nice present for his mother. = He hunted all the shops,looking ______ for ___ a nice present for his mother.

? 7. The person who is translating the songs can speak seven languages. translating the ? =The person _________ ___ song ______can speak seven languages. ? 8. Because it is Sunday, there are no ? ? students in the school. Sunday Itbeing _____ ______, there are no students in the school.

9. The picture that hangs on the wall is a world-famous one. The picture hanging _______ on the wall is a world-famous one.

10. The boy standing there is reading a book about body language. The boy ____ who __ is ________ standing there is reading a book about body language.

单句改错 1. Having not seen the film, I can’t tell you what I think of it. Not having 2. The men worked for extra hours got an extra pay. working 3. Seen from the top of the hill, we find the city more beautiful.Seeing 4. Generally speak, facial expressions are helpful communications, too.speaking

5. “ Can’t you read?” the man said, angrily pointed to the notice on the wall. pointing 6. Knocking at the door before entering, please.Knock 7. European football is played in 80 countries, made it the most popular sport in the world. making

高考题

1. As the light turned green, I stood for a moment, not ________, and asked B myself what I was going to do. A. moved B. moving C. to move D. being moved

2. The glass doors have taken the place of B the wooden ones at the entrance, ___ in the natural light during the day. A. to let B. letting C. let D. having let 3. __ __that she didn’t do a good job, I B don’t think I am abler than her. A. To have said B. Having said C. To say D. Saying

4. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer A carelessly, always _____ the same thing. A. saying B. said C. to say D. having said C 5. Don’t sit there ________ nothing. Come and help me with this table. A. do B. to do C. doing D. and doing

c 6. When ________ different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. A. compared B. being compared C. comparing D. having compared

c
7. While watching television, ________. A. the doorbell rang B. the doorbell rings C. we heard the doorbell ring D. we heard the doorbell rings

8. ______ in the queue for half an hour, Tom suddenly realized that he had left his wallet at home. A. To wait B. Have waited C. Having waited D. To have waited

c

9. ______ , the more expensive the C camera, the better its quality. A. General speaking B. Speaking general C. Generally speaking D. Speaking generally

10. “You can’t catch me!” Janet B shouted, _______ away. A. run B. running C. to run D. ran

11. There are hundreds of visitors C in front of the Art Gallery _____ to have a look at Van Gogh’s paintings.

A. waited
C. waiting

B. to wait
D. wait

Unit 4 Body Language Period 4
Showing our feelings

1.blow a kiss

7. shake one’s head

2.frown 3.nod
4.pout .撅嘴

8.shrug one’s shoulders
and make a face

9.yawn
10. stare

5.raise one’s eyebrows

11.wave

6.scratch one’s head搔头皮12. wink眨眼

stare

frown
shrug one’s shoulders and make a face

wink

pout

raise one’s eyebrows

nod

shake one’s head

blow a kiss

yaw

scratch one’s head

wave

Leading-in
In what kind of ways can we show our feelings? Two ways :

Spoken language---I am so excited !!

Unspoken language---body language

Usually what body language we will do ?
I am tired. I am full. I am hungry.

rest your head on the palm and eyes closed

move hand in circle

pat stomach

body language We all use _____ _____
Feelings to Show Our ______

Reading Task 1
? Skim the text and try to get the main idea. ? Divide the text into three parts and find out the topic sentences or sum up the main idea of each part.

The main idea
Body language has many universal gestures

Skimming
Divide the text into three parts and match the main idea with each part. Part 1 Examples of some universal body (Para 1 ?) language. Part 2 (Para ? ) 2-6 Part 3 (Para 7 ?) Body language is sometimes more important than spoken language. There are differences in body language, and it’s important for us to know them.

Reading Task 2
? Scan the text and decide whether the following statements are true or false. ? If it is false, explain why it is wrong.

True or False 1. Body language is not as important as spoken language. F even more important than 2. If you are angry at a person, you might turn T your back to him or her. 3. You can threaten a person by refusing to speak. by physical action. F 4. If you sit looking away from a person, or with your back turned, you are saying you are not T interested in that person.

Careful-reading (1)

should not

5. You should greet your new boss by giving her or him a hug. T 6. Most people can understand each other if they try. T

Careful reading(2)
Para 2

similar body language
Para 3 frowning 2._______ Para 4 Para 5 Para 6

1.smile and truly happy

or turning one?s back ______ to someone

3.nodding the head up and _________ down _____

4. ________ looking away from ________ people or ______ yawning

5.standing a little distance

to show happiness ________

to show anger

to show agreement _________

to show bored attitude

to show respect ________

Careful-reading (3)
Discuss the following questions with your partner and find the answers using phrases.
1. Why did people give false smile sometimes? 2. What will someone do to threaten others?

3. If you are interested in something, what will you do? And if not, what will you do?

1. Why did people give false smile sometimes?
hide the feelings lose face

2. What will someone do to threaten others?
make a fist and shake it

3. If you are interested in something, what will you do? And if not, what will you do?
turn toward and look at turn the head away

Discussion
Are all the body language the same in the world ? What do you know about them?

different body language??
In China / America:
Good job / Well done!

In Niagara尼亚加拉:
A rude gesture.

In Germany:
No.1

OK
money in Japan

zero in France

rudeness in Brazil and Germany

1. intend (plan, mean to do) 打算,想要企图
intend to (1)I __________ use the facial expression to show my satisfaction. 一般人作主语

(2) The facial expression ___________ show my satisfaction. 一般物作主语
is intended for teachers. (3). The book ____________

is intended to

这种书是给老师(设计的)
intend that the plan should be put (4).They ___________ into practice within the year. 他们打算在本年内实行该计划。

2 at ease舒适,快活,自由自在 ? The policeman tried every means possible to put the missing child at ease. ? 警察们尽力使迷路的孩子放松下来。 ? A smile is intended to make people at ease. 微笑旨在使人们轻松自在。

1) with ease轻易地,毫不费力地 2) feel/look at ease感到/看上去心情放松 ? The girl answered all the questions with great ease. 那女孩非常轻松地回答了所有问题。 3) ease 使……舒服 减轻(痛苦,负担等) Take the medicine and it will ease the pain. ? 服下这药,它能够镇痛。

.He sat back on the chair,listening to the MP4 and________. ? A.looking at ease B.looked at ease ? C.being looked at ease ? D.to look at ease ? 【解析】 looking at ease看起来很轻松 ,作状语,它与listening...并列,故用现 在分词。 ? 【答案】 A

3、lose (one's) face 根据语境猜词义

When Tom failed to beat his opponent, he
felt he had lost his face with his friends. 根据语境,lose (one's) face的语义是: 没面子、丢脸。 ______。

链接
save (one?s) face挽回面子 lose heart 灰心,泄气 lose one's heart to 爱上,钟情于 lose one's temper 生气;发脾气 lose one's life 献出生命;丧生 lose one?s way 迷路 lose courage 丧失勇气 lose weight 减肥 lose sight of 看不见 lose touch with 与……失去联系

单项填空 ( )In order not to ______, he spent the whole night preparing for the speech of next day. A. lose courage B. lose heart C. lose face D. lose voice
C 考查动词短语的辨析。lose courage丧失勇气;lose heart灰心,泄气; lose face 丢脸;lose one's voice失声。根 据语境:为了不丢面子,他花了一晚上的时 间准备第二天的演讲。所以答案是C。

4.turn one’s back to 背对;背弃;置之不理 运用:根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴ 他一直对我很好,现在他贫病交加,我可不 能不理会。 turn my He’s always been kind to me.I can’t just_______ _____________ back to him now because he’s ill and poor. ⑵ 他成名以後对自己家里的人连理都不理。 turned his back to his family when he He__________________ became famous.

? ? ? ? ?

turn away 把…..打发走,解雇 turn down 调低,拒绝某人/建议/忠告 turn in交还,上交 turn off /on / to/ up 1) He is a warm-hearted man and he?s D a person who?s in trouble. never ____ ? A turned to B turned down ? C turned out D turned his back to

c ? 2) Those who were going to _____ refused to leave. ? A turn away B turn up ? C be turned away D be turned back

5. similar adj. 类似的, 相似的 similarity n. 相似,类似 similarly adv. 相似地 * be similar to… 与……相似,类似于

Eg: We have similar taste in music.
我们在音乐方面的爱好相近。

My opinion is similar to yours.
我的想法与你的类似。

? 1) Our bodies are strengthened by taking c exercise.______. Our mind are developed by learning . ? A Probably B Likely ? C Similarly D Generally


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