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新课标·外研版---高中英语第三册(必修 3) 第 13 讲 Module1 Europe 第 14 讲 Module2 Developing and Developed Countries 第 15 讲 Module3 The Violence of Nature 第 16 讲 Module4 Sandstorms in Asia 第 17 讲 Module5 Great Pe

ople and Great Inventions of Ancient China 第 18 讲 Module6 Old and New 第 13 讲 Module 1 Europe 【美文欣赏】 [2011·课标全国卷] 假定你是李华,正在一所英国学校学习暑期课程,遇到一些 困难,希望得到学校辅导中心(Learning Center)的帮助。根据学校规定,你需书 面预约,请按下列要点写一封信: 1.本人简介; 2.求助内容; 3.约定时间; 4.你的联系方式(Email:lihua@1236.com;Phone:12345678)。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.结束语已为你写好。 __________________________________________________ Look forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua 【精彩美文】 Dear Sir/Madam, I'm Li Hua,a Chinese student taking summer courses in your university. I'm writing to ask for help. I came here last month and found my courses interesting. But I have some difficulties with note?taking and I have no idea of how to use the library. I was told the Learning Center provides help for students and I'm anxious to get help from you. I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons. Please let me know which day is OK with you. You may email or phone me. Here are my email address and phone number:lihua@1236.com;12345678. Look forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua 【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:本人简介→求助内容→约定时间及联系方式。较好地使用了连 接词语,如:but,and 等。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:ask for,provide, have no idea of, be anxious to 等。 ③句式句法: 运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。 如: 祈使句, 宾语从句: Please let me know which day is OK with you;并列句、宾语从句、被动语态:I was told
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the Learning Center provides help for students and I'm anxious to get help from you; 同位语,现在分词短语作后置定语:?a Chinese student taking summer courses in your university.

基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. _______adj.位于→situate vt.使位于→_______ n.位置;情形;境遇 2._______adj.位于→locate vt.使坐落于;找出??的位置→_______ n.地方,位置 3._______ n.象征;符号→_________ adj.象征的→symbolize v.象征 4.________n.协议,契约→agree v.同意,一致→______ v.不同意 5.representative n.代表→__________ v.代表 6._______ n. 产品, 农产品 v.生产→ product n. (工业)产品→__________ n. 产 量,生产 7._____ vt.签署,签名→ signature n. 签名 8.______ vt.统治,治理→governor n.州长, 统治者→__________n.政府 Ⅱ.短语检测 1 离海岸不远的 2 在??岸边 3.坐落在 4.从事;忙于 5.自古以来;有史以来 6.自此;自从??一直 7.谈及;说起;涉及;查阅 8.与??比较起来 9.就??而言;从??的角度 10.( 一方面?,)另一方面 11.对??控制 12.一点点地;逐渐地 Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.France is Europe’s ___________country and _____ the United Kingdom _____ the English Channel.法国是欧洲第三大国,隔英吉利海峡和英国相望。 2.Paris is the capital and largest city of France, __________ the River Seine. 巴黎是法国的首都,也是法国最大的城市,坐落在塞纳河畔。 3.Their work _____________ other writers _________. 自那以后他们的作品就影响了其他的作家。 4._______size and population, how big is the European Union_________China? 在面积和人口上,欧盟和中国相比哪个更大? 5.The expanded European Union _____________more than half a billion people, _____________ the population of the USA. 扩大了的欧盟人口超过 5 亿,相当于美国人口的两倍。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Passive voice: present and past forms; Subject and verb agreement

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单词点睛
1.across prep. &adv. (from one side of sth. to the other)横过,穿过; 从一边到另一 边;(on the opposite side of sth.)在对面 (1) across the street 在街道的对面 10 meters across 宽 10 米 (2) come across 偶然遇到 get (sth.) across 使被理解;解释清楚 【易混辨析】across, through 和 over
across 表示从一定范围的一边到另一边,且在物体的表面上或沿着某一条线的方向而进行的 动作,其含义常与 on 有关;through 表示动作在空间内进行,其含义常与 in 有关;over 表示“越 过” ,指越过较高物体(如墙、篱笆或山脉等), 从一侧到另一侧。

【活学活用】 (1)The Great Wall winds its way from west to east,______the deserts,_____the mountains ________ the valleys, until at last it reaches the sea. 长城从西向东, 跨 过沙漠,越过高山,穿过峡谷,蜿蜒而行,最后直达海边。 (2)He couldn’t ___ his meaning ______ to us.他无法向我们表达清楚他的意思。 (3) I _______a group of children playing in the garden.我遇到一群孩子在花园里玩耍。 2. face n. 脸;表面;(物体的)正面,表面 v.面向, 面朝;面临, 面对 (1) make a face 做鬼脸 face to face 面对面 in the face of 面对;不顾 (2) face south 面向南方 be faced ____ 面临;面对(困难、问题等) face up to 正视, 勇敢地面对 【活学活用】 (1) _________difficulties, she didn’t choose to give up. 面对困难,她没有选择放弃。 (2)He must _____________ the fact that he is no longer young. 他必须勇于正视自己不再年轻这一事实。 (3) I want to find a house with the window__________.我想找一个窗子朝南的房子。 3. range n. 山脉; (变化等的)幅度; 范围 v. (vary or extend between specified limits) (在一定范围内)变化,变动 (1) be in/within range 在范围以内 be beyond/out of range 超出范围;在范围以外 a wide/broad range of 范围广泛的 (2) range from…to…/between…and…在??到??之间变动 【活学活用】 (1)The hotel offers____________facilities and services.酒店提供一系列的设施和服务。 (2)The books cover a variety of subjects__________________current affairs. 这些书包含话题很广,从体育到当前事务都有涉及。 4. opposite prep. 在??对面 adj. 相对的;对面的;对立的;相反的 n. 对立面; 反面 just/quite the opposite 恰恰相反 the man opposite 对面的那个人
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【活学活用】 (1) He sat down in the chair ________.他在对面的椅子上坐了下来。 (2)I thought the medicine would work, but it had the _____________. 我以为这个药会起作用,但是却产生了相反的效果。 (3) — Is it better now? “现在好点了吗?” — ____________________, I am afraid. “恐怕正相反。 ” 5. sign v. 签署,签字,签约;做手势(示意)n. 迹象,征兆;手势,信号;标志,指示牌;符号 (1) sign to sb. to do sth. 打手势示意某人做某事 sign up 报名参加 sign in/out (在宾馆、机场等)签上名字以示到达或离去 sign an agreement 签署协议 (2) road signs 路标 a sign of storm 有暴雨的迹象 【易混辨析】sign, signal, mark 和 symbol (1) sign 表示“标识,标记”时指具体的用于识别或指示的标志,如指标牌。也可 指事件发生的先兆、迹象。 Very often dark clouds are a sign of rain.通常乌云是要下雨的征兆。 Sir, you are not to walk your pet on the lawn. Don’t you see the sign: “Keep off the grass” ? 先生, 你不可以在草坪上遛狗, 你没瞧见牌子上写着 “请勿践踏草坪” 吗? (2) signal 信号,常指约定俗成,用于传达某些信息的信号,也指灯光、声音或信号标志。 A red light is a signal of danger, which is even known to a fiveyearold child. 红灯是危险的信号, 这一点就连五岁的孩子都知道。 (3)mark“痕迹,标记” ,指为某一目的有意做的标记,也指无意留下或自然形成的痕迹。 His feet left dirty marks all over the floor. 他的脚在地板上留下了脏痕迹。 (4) symbol “象征, 符号” , 指被人们选出的物体或图案, 用来代表另一事物, 并 作为该事物的标记或象征。 Doves are universally viewed as a symbol of peace all over the world. 世界各地把鸽子看作是和平的象征。 【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1)Please _______ at reception first. 请先到服务台签到。 (2)I’m thinking of _________ for a yoga course. 我正在考虑报名学习瑜伽。 2.单项填空 Drive straight ahead, and then you will see a______to the HefeiNanjing Expressway. A.sign B.mark C.signal D.board

短语储存
1.work on (to spend time working in order to produce or repair something)从事, 忙于 (1) work at 研究,努力学习 work ___ 算出;解决,找到答案;制订出;锻炼;按某种方式发展,结果 work as 作为??工作 (2) at work 在上班

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【易混辨析】work on 和 work at work on 往往指做某种具体的工作, 翻译起来比较灵活; 而 work at 更倾向于 “钻 研”或“努力学习” 。如: He is working on a new novel.他正在写一本新的小说。 The little boy was working on a branch with a knife to make a toy gun. 小男孩正在用刀子削树枝做玩具手枪。 He is working at English grammar. 他正在努力学习英语语法。 【活学活用】 1.根据语境选择 work 相关短语的适当形式填空 (1)I’m tired to death. I’ve been __________the wall the whole morning. 我累得要死,整个上午一直在粉刷墙壁。 (2)Learning a language isn’t easy. You have to ________it. 学一门语言不容易,你需要努力学习。 (3)She________a consultant for a design company. 她在一家设计公司做顾问。 2. 根据语境选择 work out 恰当的英语释义 a.to calculate sth. b.to train the body by physical exercise c.to develop in a particular way; to turn out d.to find the answer to sth.; to solve sth. e.to plan or think of sth. (1)We’ll have to work out how much food we’ll need for the party. (2)Financially, things have worked out well for us. (3)I work out regularly to keep fit. (4)I am trying to work out the problem. (5)I’ve worked out a new way of doing it. 2. have control over 对??加以控制 take control over/of 取得/得到对??的控制 bring/get/keep?under control 使??得到控制 lose control of 失去对??的控制 be/get out of control 失去控制 be in control of 控制;掌管 be in the control of 受??控制 【活学活用】 (1)His son is being trained to _____________the family business. 他儿子正在接受培训以掌管家族企业。 (2)Who’s _____________ the project? 谁是这个项目的负责人? (3)A head teacher must _______________ all his students,or some of them may break the school rules. 班主任必须对所有学生加以管理, 否则有些学生会违反学校的规章制度。 3. in terms of 就??而言;从??的观点;从??角度 in the long term 长期内 in the short term 短期内 【活学活用】 (1) We must aim for world peace _______________.我们要争取持久的世界和平。 (2)The house is ideal______, but it is too expensive. 从面积上看,这房子很理想,但价格太贵。
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Italy is in the south of Europe on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. 洲南部, 濒临地中海。

意大利位于欧

句型透视
in 在范围之内,

句型公式 on 在范围之外;接壤
to 在范围之外;可接壤也可不接壤 【相关拓展】South of?be/lie???位于??的南部。(属于倒装句句式,主谓一 致要根据后面的名词来决定。) 【活学活用】 (1)Spain is _______________ France. 西班牙在法国南部。 (2)North of the town______________________________,where many people like eating. 在小镇的北边有两家有名的饭店,很多人喜欢在那里吃饭。

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.His reading covers a wide r_____ of subjects. 2.In the picture the tree is the _______ 标志,象征)of life. 3.The three sides reached an a_________ to stop the war. 4.The destination of our journey is a farm ______________ (位于) in the valley. 5.The grocery store was on the o_______ side of the street years ago. Ⅱ.选词填空 work on, refer to, on the other hand, ever since, little by little 1.Working very hard, he is making progress ___________. 2.It’s not a very nice flat. But _________________, it’s cheap. 3.We met ten years ago and ________ we have been good friends. 4.—Does what he said _______ you?—No idea. 5.He has been ___________ the machine all the day. What’s wrong with it? Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010·湖北卷] This restaurant has become popular for its wide ___________ of foods that suit all tastes and pockets. A.division B.area C.range D.circle 2.Jack is considerate while his wife is just the_______ . A.difference B.disagreement C.opposite D.inconsiderate 3.I would like a job which pays more, but_I enjoy the work I’ m doing at the moment. A.in other words B.on the other hand C.for one thing D.as a matter of fact 4.He suddenly saw Sue______the room. He pushed his way______the crowded people to get to her. A.across; across B.over; through C.over; into D.across; through 5.John hadn’t been able to stop smoking suddenly; he had to control his smoking desire ________ . A. by and by B. sooner or later C. little by little D.from time to time
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6.Beautifully____in a quiet spot near the river, the hotel attracts a lot of people to stay. A.locating B.lies C.situated D.sat 7.As we know, Beethoven is the greatest musician ______ . A.for all the time B.of all time C.by all times D.at all times 8.Scientists have found no________of life on Mars so far. A.symbols B.signs C.marks D.signals 9.______a tough job market, fresh graduates are dreaming of running their own business instead. A.Facing with B.Faced with C.Faced up with D.Facing to 10. [2011· 江西卷] You can’ t predict everything. Often things don’t___as you expect. A.run out B.break out C.work out D.put out

第 14 讲

Module 2 Developing and Developed Countries 基础梳理

Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1._______ n. 饥饿 → hungry adj. 饥饿的 2. _______ n. 贫穷 → poor adj. 穷的 3.develop v. 发展; 成长; 开发; 冲洗照片 →__________n. 发展 →__________ adj. 发展中的 → ________ adj. 发达的 4.educate v. 教育→ ________ n. 教育 5._______ adj. 无家可归的→ home n. 家 6.similarity n. 类似→ ________ adj. 类似的→________ adv. 类似地 7. ________ adj. 拥挤的→crowd v. & n. 拥挤;人群, 群众 8.___________ adj. 不幸的, 可惜的→fortunate adj. 幸运的→____________ adv. 不幸地;可惜地→________ n. 运气, 财富 9. ________ n. 运输,交通工具 v.运输→transportation n. 运输,交通工具;运输业 10.________ adj. 污染的→pollute v. 污染→ ________ n. 污染 Ⅱ.短语检测 1.同意做?? 2.在??顶端 3.在??底部 4.减至;减少到 5.以??幅度增加 6.取得进步 7.努力做某事 8.靠近;接近 9.大小和年龄相似 10.鼓励某人做某事 Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.Norway is ___________the list, _______ the US is at number 7.挪威高居榜首, 而美国位列第七。 2.The report shows that we are ____________________ but that we need to
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_________________. 报告显示: 我们正在进步, 但是我们必须做出更大的努力。 3.Town twinning is not a new idea, but it __________ more popular in recent years because it’s now easier ___________ about and visit other countries and towns. 姊妹城并不是个新主意, 但是在最近的几年里它变得更受欢迎了, 因为现 在要了解和参观其他的国家和城市更容易了。 4.This is ____________ with a foreign family for one or two weeks means that you have to speak their language, and ___________ you improve fast. 这是因为和外国家庭成员生活一两周意味着你必须说他们的语言, 这样你 会进步很快。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Link words

单词点睛
1.measure v. 测量;衡量,判定;(长、宽、高等)是 n. 尺寸;措施 adopt/take measures to do 采取措施做某事 make?to one’s own measure 依照某人的尺寸做?? 【易错警示】measure 表示“(长、宽、高等)是”时是系动词, 没有被动语态; measure 作名词, 表示“措施”时, 是可数名词, 常用复数形式。 【活学活用】 (1)The government______________to bring down the prices of houses. 政府正在采取措施降低房价。 (2)How can we_______________?我们怎样才能衡量它的价值呢? (3)The lake_________130 by 80 kilometers. 这条湖长一百三十公里宽八十公里。 2 position n. 位置;姿势;职位;地位;处境 v. 安装;安置 in one’s position/place 处在某人的处境/地位 put sb. in a difficult position 使某人陷入困难的处境 in/out of position/place 在/不在适当的位置 hold a position 拥有一个职位 【活学活用】 (1)The chairs are all _________________.椅子全都放得不是地方。 (2)He ________________________ in the government. 他在政府里担任着要职。 (3)What would you do __________________?你处在我的位置会怎样做呢? 3 figure n. 数字; (someone who is important or famous in some way)(重要)人物; (the shape of a woman’s body)身材;肖像, 塑像;人影 v. 计算;认为, 估计 figure sth. in 将某物算在内 figure ___ 理解 弄明白;想出, 算出 figure that? 认为, 以为?? 【活学活用】 (1)I can’t ________why he is always late. 我不明白他为什么总是迟到。 (2)Have you________how much the trip will cost?你有没有算出旅行要花掉多少钱? (3)____________ if I take the night train, I can be in Scotland by morning. 我想如果我坐晚上的火车, 早上就能到达苏格兰。 4 crowded adj. 拥挤的 (1) crowd n.人群;群众 v. 挤满, 塞满;使??拥挤
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(2) crowds of/a crowd of 许多 be crowded ____ 挤满?? crowd into 大批涌入 follow the crowd 随大流 【活学活用】 (1)The hall ________________ people. 大厅里挤满了人。 (2)Thousands of people ____________ the narrow streets. 成千上万的人把狭窄的街道挤得水泄不通。

短语储存
1 agree to do sth. 同意做某事 agree to sth. 同意(计划、安排等) agree ____ 赞同某人的意见;和??一致;适合 agree __ 在??方面达成一致 【易错警示】agree 只能用于表示“主语同意自己去做某事” , 而要表示“同意 别人去做某事”要用 allow/permit sb. to do/let sb. do(即“允许某人做某事”)。 【活学活用】 (1)We _________ meet again the following Monday. 我们同意下周一再见。 (2)I ________you. You should move back to the south for the climate here doesn’t _________ you. 我赞同你的意见。你应该搬回到南方去,因为这儿的气候不适合你。 (3)Not all _________ the plan. But they _________ the date for the meeting at last. 并非所有的人都赞同这个计划,但最后他们就会议日期达成了一致。 (4)Your story doesn’t_______what the police have told us. 你讲的和警察告诉我们的不一致。 2 make progress 取得进步 in progress 在进展中 【易错警示】progress 是不可数名词, 可以用 much, great 修饰。 【活学活用】I’m glad to see that you’ve ______________________. 我很高兴看到你取得那么大的进步。 3 make efforts (to do sth.) 努力(做某事) make an effort 做出努力 make every effort 尽一切努力 spare no effort (to do) 不遗余力;全力以赴 through one’s efforts 通过某人的努力 without effort 毫不费力地 【活学活用】 (1) I will ________________________ to arrive on time. 我将尽一切努力准时到达。 (2)I believe our country will become more powerful and more beautiful ______. 我相信,在我们的努力下,我们的国家会变得更加强大,更加美丽。

句型透视
This is because living with a foreign family for one or two weeks means that you have to speak their language, and as a result you improve fast. 这是因为和外国家庭成员 生活一两周意味着你必须说他们的语言,这样你会进步很快。
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句型公式-------This is because?这是因为?? 【句式点拨】在本句中 because 引导的从句作表语。 where, why, because, how 等引导的从句在 This is/That is 的句型中作表语, 表 示具体的地点、原因、方式等。如: This is why we didn’t come to the meeting. 这就是我们没有到会的原因。 【活学活用】用 because, why, where 或 how 填空 (1)She didn’t study hard. That was _____ she failed in the exam. (2)He failed in the exam. That was ______ he didn’t study hard. (3)You are always making me nervous. That is ____ I feel about you. (4)Look!This is ______the accident happened.

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The lake is seriously p________. As a result, many fish has died. 2.T___________ goods by train can reduce pollution. 3. ___________ (可惜的是), I won’t be able to attend the meeting. 4.It’s hard to m_______ his ability when we haven’t seen his work. 5.Friendship takes time and effort to _______ (培养). Ⅱ.选词填空 agree to (do), make efforts, increase by, be close to, encourage us to (do) 1.We have made great progress but we need to _____ more ______. 2.Peter, my English teacher, never fails to _____________ study hard. 3.He didn’t allow me to use his computer, but he ________ type the report for me. 4.I don’t mind where we go on vacation as long as it ________ a beach. 5.They are trying to _______ profits ___ 10 percent. Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010 · 陕 西 卷 ] You look well. The air and the sea foods in Sanya must ________you, I suppose. A. agree with B. agree to C. agree on D. agree about 2.—I wonder how much you charge for your services. —The first two are free ______the third costs $30. A.while B.until C.when D.before 3.Great attention must be paid_______welfare, especially in the poor area. A.develop B.to develop C.to developing D.developing 4.We’ll make some suits for you to your own ________ . A.height B.size C.measure D.weight 5.In recent years, China and the USA have had a lot of ______of views about the same problem. A.replacements B.transformations C.changes D.exchanges 6.The result of the test shows that most of the students have made much ________ . A.progress B.increase C.movement D.attempt 7.They had to stand for hours without changing________ . A.position B.state C.situation D.location

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8.[2011·安徽卷] As the story____,the truth about the strange figure is slowly discovered. A. begins B.happens C. ends D. develops 9.Last night he saw two dark____enter the building, and then there was the explosion. A.features B.shapes C.figures D.images 10. One advantage of playing the guitar is____it can give you a great deal of pleasure. A.how B.why C.that D.when

阅读写作(七) 应用文写作之电子邮件
【写作点拨】
英文 e-mail 与英文书信的写法和格式大体相同,但也有不同之处。英文 e-mail 一般由 以下五部分组成: 1.标题栏 这是英文书信中没有的。标题栏中有“收件人” 、 “抄送”和“主题”三个框。在“收件人” 框中填写收件人的 e-mail 地址。如要将邮件同时发送给多人,可在“抄送”框中填入其他 人的 e-mail 地址。 在 “主题” 框中简要地概括邮件的内容, 可以用一个单词, 如: Greetings(问 候);也可以用短语,如:Personal information(个人情况);还可以是一个内容完整但语言简 短的句子。 2.称呼语 如果是同学或亲朋好友间的邮件,可以直呼其名,如: Mike;但如果是发给老师、长辈或 上级,最好在称呼前加上称谓或职位。职位可用 Doctor,Professor 等,如:Professor Li。男 性用 Mr;女性用 Miss(未婚),Mrs(已婚),Ms(不知婚否)。 3.正文 大多数 e-mail 篇幅短小, 语言简单明了。 如果是写给不熟悉的人, 一般要先进行自我介绍; 反之,则可直接进入正题。要多使用短句、简单句,少用或不用长句。一是便于阅读,再者 使意思清楚。如果内容很长,可就重点部分作些介绍,而把详细内容以“附件”的方式发出。 4.结尾客套话 英文书信的信尾客套话常用 Best wishes! Good luck to you! 等。而 e-mail 通常很简明,如: Best,Thanks,Yours 等。 5.落款 直接写发件人的姓名即可,且与客套话对齐。

【词句模板】 1.段首常用语: (1) Thank you for your letter of Dec. 15th… (2) I'm glad/pleased to tell you that… (3) I am very glad to have received the letter you sent me two weeks ago. (4) Thanks for your invitation to the Christmas party. (5) How are you getting along with your study? 2.话题引入常用语: (1) I'm glad to tell you something about … (2) As far as I know/am concerned/see 3.段尾常用语: (1) Please write to me soon and tell me about your… (2) I'm looking forward to your reply… (3) With kind/ best regards/wishes.
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(4) If so, please e-mail me in response… 4.电子邮件格式模板: To: jina@163.net From: ty@163.net Subject: An English Contest Hi Jina, How are you going recently! An English Speech Contest will be held in our school at 3: 30 p. m. on Oct. 10th. You are good at English and you have great ability to express yourself in English. So you should take an active part in the contest. I am sure you will win the award if you make some preparations before the contest.

Although I don't do well in English, I'd like to join in and have a try. Please contact me as soon as possible. Thanks and have a good day! 【活学活用】 假设你是李华, 你在英国的笔友 Tommy 最近为自己发胖感到苦恼。 请你根据 所给提示,给他发一封 100 词左右的电子邮件。邮件内容包括: 1.可能造成发胖的原因 (如饮食、锻炼??),至少写出两条; 2.简述你自己相关的健康生活方式。 注意:邮件开头和落款已经为你写好。 Dear Tommy, I am really feeling bad that you are being troubled by overweight these days. ______________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua 【参考范文】 Dear Tommy, I am really feeling bad that you are being troubled by overweight these days. I have read an article about overweight kids. It is said that overweight kids don't exercise enough or eat right. Some kids are overweight because fast food restaurants serve the wrong foods or it's a problem of genes. No matter what causes your problem, I suggest you go on a diet or just eat less for half a year and see the result. Also, don't forget to take more exercise. You know, every afternoon after class I play basketball together with my classmates. Hope you feel better and look forward to good news about you. Yours, Li Hua

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第 15 讲

Module 3 The Violence of Nature

【美文欣赏】 [2011·重庆卷] 某国际动物关爱协会面向全球中学生招募“动物代言人” ,希望 申请者选择一种自己喜欢的动物,为之代言(speak for)。假设你是重庆新华中学 的学生李华,有意参与该活动。现请你用英文在线填写申请表(仅需填写“申请 陈述”部分),内容如下: 1.表示有意参加 2.说明自己富有爱心、关爱动物 3.打算为何种动物代言,并说明理由 4.希望申请成功 Application Form(申请表) Name(姓名) Li Hua Sex(性别) F/M Age(年龄) 18 Email Add.(电子邮件地址) lihua@xinhuaschool.com Statement of Application(申请陈述) I am a student from Xinhua Middle School in Chongqing,China. ________________________________________

注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2. “申请陈述”的第一句已经给出,不计入总词数。 【精彩美文】 I'm a student from Xinhua Middle School in Chongqing, China. And I'm very much interested in speaking for animals. You know I'm warmhearted and have always been caring for animals. I would like to speak for dogs. It is not only because dogs are my favorite animals, but also dogs are not treated properly. Devoted though dogs are to us human beings, we seldom think about what they need and care. We just order them to do this or that, but hardly are we aware what we can do for them. In my opinion, it is high time we did something for our closest animal friends and lived a harmonious life with them. Strongly hoping to be accepted to speak for animals. 【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:表明意向,说明优势→选择动物、说明理由→希望申请成功。 较好地使用了连接词,如:and,not only?but also,though,but 等。 ②词汇短语: 运用了较高难度的词汇。 如: warm?hearted, care for, devoted, properly,be aware 等。 ③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式结构。如:表语从句:?not only because dogs are my favorite animals, but also dogs are not treated properly. 倒装句、宾语从 句:Devoted though dogs are to us human beings, we seldom think about what they need and care. 虚拟语气:it is high time we did something? 同时,非谓语动词结构的使用也为文章增色不少,如:to be accepted to speak。

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基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1.experience n. 经验;经历 v. 经历, 体验→__________ adj. 有经验的 2.________ adj. 暴力的 → violence n. 暴力 3.eruption n. 喷发 → ______ v. 喷发 4._________n. 可 能 → possible adj. 可 能 的 → _______ adv. 可 能 地 → _________ adj. 不可能的 5. _________adj. 令人可怕的→terrify v. 使害怕→________ adj. 害怕的 6.______ adv. 幸运地→lucky adj. 幸运的→_______ n. 幸运 7.active adj. 积极的→________ adv. 积极地→________ n. 积极,活动 8.occur v. 发生→________过去式→________过去分词→occurrence n. 发生 的事情;发生, 出现 9.strike v. 袭击 →______ 过去式→______ 过去分词 10._________ adv.感激地→thankful adj. 感激的 11._________ adv. 满怀希望地, 有希望地→ hopeful adj. 满怀希望的 12. _____ adv. 伤心地,难过地→sad adj. 伤心的,难过的→_____ n. 伤心, 难过 Ⅱ.短语检测 1.拿起;拾起;搭载;学会;收听 2.平均 3.有史以来 4.到??时为止 5.结束;告终 6.扑灭 7.放火烧?? 8.总共 9.带来损害 10.使某人无家可归 Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.They can destroy houses, but leave the furniture inside exactly ___________. 他们(龙卷风)能够毁坏房子, 但是房子里的家具却留在原地。 2._________, there are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, causing about 80 deaths and 1, 500 injured.平均来说, 美国每年发生 800 次龙卷风, 造成大约 80 人死亡, 1500 人受伤。 3.The worst tornado_____________in 1925, ________ three US states: Missouri, Illinois and Indiana.历史上最严重的龙卷风发生于 1925 年,影响了美国三个州:密 苏里州、伊利诺斯州和印第安纳州。 4._____it ended, more than 700 people________and 2, 700 ______________. 等到风停时, 已有 700 多人死亡, 2700 多人受伤。 5.The fires burned for three days, _________a total of 25, 000 buildings. 大火持续了三天,烧毁了 25000 座建筑。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Past perfect passive;Indirect speech

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单词点睛
1 experience n. 经验;经历 v. 经历;遭受 (1) experienced adj. 有经验的;熟练的 (2) from/by experience 凭经验;从经验中(得出) be experienced in 在??方面有经验 【温馨提示】experience 作“经验”讲是不可数名词, 作“经历”讲是可数名词。 【活学活用】 (1)Mr Brown has ______________in teaching. 布朗先生有丰富的教学经验。 (2)Yesterday afternoon I had __________.昨天下午,我遭遇了一次可怕的经历。 (3)Everyone _______________________ at some time in their lives. 每个人在人生的某个阶段都会经历这些问题。 2 cause n. 原因, 起因;事业 v. 引起, 导致 for a good cause 为了正义的事业 cause sb. to do sth. 促使某人做某事 【易混辨析】cause 和 reason (1) cause 指“导致某事发生的原因或起因” , 常跟 of 搭配。如: We do not yet know the cause of the accident. 我们尚不清楚事故的原因。 (2) reason 指“做某事的理由” , 常跟 for 或 why 引导的定语从句搭配。如: He has given no reasons for his decision. 他并未说明他决定的理由。 【活学活用】 (1)Tell me_______you were so late this morning.告诉我今天上午你来这么晚的原因。 (2) _________________ was carelessness. 火灾的起因是粗心。 3 occur v. 发生;(come into one’s mind)(想法、念头等)出现 (1) occurrence n. 发生的事情、事件;发生;出现 (2) sth. occur to sb. 某事浮现在某人的脑海中;某人想到某事 It occurs to sb. that/It occurs to sb. to do… 某人想到?? 【易混辨析】take place, happen, occur, come about 和 break out 以上词或短语都含有“发生”的意思, 区别如下: (1)take place 表示“发生, 举行, 举办” , 一般指非偶然性事件的发生, 即 这种事件的发生是由于某种原因或根据事先的安排。 (2)happen 作 “发生” 讲,一般用于偶然或突发性事件。 另外还可以表示 “碰巧” 。 常用于搭配:happen to do sth./It happens that? (3)occur 作“发生”讲,其意义相当于 happen, 但它还可以表示“想到,突然想起” 。 (4)come about 表示“发生,产生”,多指事情已经发生了,但还不知道为什么, 常用于疑问句和否定句。可以构成句型:How did it come about that???? 是怎么发生的? (5)break out 意为“发生,爆发”,常指战争、灾难、疾病或 者争吵等事件的发 生,也可以表示突然大声叫喊等。 【温馨提示】上面表示“发生”的五个词或短语, 都是不及物动词。其主语都 是事情、事件等。 【活学活用】 (1) The 28th Olympic Games________in Beijing. 第 28 届奥运会在北京举行。
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(2)How did it___that he knew where we were?他是怎么知道我们在什么地方的呢? (3)Should another world war ________, what would become of human beings? 万一另一次世界大战爆发, 人类将会发生什么事? (4) I______________on my way home.=__________I saw him on my way home. 我碰巧在回家的路上见到了他。 (5) ________________ that you may be wrong?你有没有想到过你有可能是错的? 4 ruin v. (使)破产;(使)堕落;毁灭 n. 毁灭;废墟 in ruins 成为废墟 go/fall/come to ruin 毁灭;崩溃;破坏掉 【易混辨析】 ruin, damage, destroy 和 harm (1)ruin 一般指对物体或生命彻底的破坏,但往往是非暴力的,也往往不是一次 性打击的结果,常指对美好的或希望中的事物的破坏。 (2)damage 一般指对物体或生命的局部损伤 , 使整体的价值或作用降低或变得 无价值、无作用。它既可作名词, 也可 作 动 词 。作 名 词 时 常构 成 搭 配: cause/do damage (to?)(对??)造成损害。 (3)destroy 往往指对某物体进行完全的毁坏,使之无法恢复。 (4)harm 一般指伤害有生命的东西,常指伤及人的健康、权利、事业等。 What he faced ruined his hope. 他所面对的使他的希望破灭了。 The whole city was destroyed in the earthquake. 整个城市在地震中被毁掉了。 We wanted to have a look at the ruins of Pompeii. 我们想看一下庞贝城的废墟。 They managed to repair the houses that had been damaged. 他们设法修复了受到破坏的房子。 【活学活用】用 ruin, damage 或 destroy 的适当形式填空 (1)The rain caused great ________ to the crops. (2)The building was completely ________ in the fire. (3)She poured water all over my painting, and ________ it. 5 strike v. 打;碰撞;(突然)袭击;突然想到;让(某人)觉得,留下??印象; 擦(火柴);钟敲响 n. 罢工 It strikes me that? 某人突然想到/意识到?? be deeply struck 被深深打动 strike sb. as? 让某人觉得?? be on strike 在罢工 go on strike 举行罢工 【易混辨析】strike, hit 和 beat (1)strike 指用力地“打击” ,表示短暂的动作,含有急速的或突然的一次性的殴 打、打击或敲击,是普通用词,有时与 hit 通用,并用于比喻意义。 (2)hit 指“打”时,侧重于对某一点“打中,击中”,或有目的地打,表结果。 (3)beat 指“连续殴打,击败”,也指心脏的“跳动” 。 【活学活用】 1. 根据语境判断 strike 在下列句中的含义 (1)The plan strikes me as ridiculous. ___________ (2)His knee struck against the chair. ________ (3)It was dark in the room so he struck a match. ________
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(4)An earthquake struck this area last year. ________ (5)A good idea struck me and I decided to go abroad. ________ 2. 用 beat, hit 或 strike 的适当形式填空 (1)When she heard the bad news, her heart _____ fast. (2)They left the house when the clock ______ twelve. (3)I was deeply ______ by the beauty of the country. (4)It ______ me that there was no one at home. (5)A bullet ___ him on the leg.

短语储存
1 set fire to 放火烧??;使??燃烧 set? __ fire 放火烧;使燃烧 catch fire 着火;起火 be __ fire 燃烧着 make a fire 生火 put out fire 扑火 play with fire 冒大风险;玩火 【活学活用】 (1)It took firemen several hours ________________ (扑灭火). (2)It seems that something ______________ (已经着火). (3)The house _______ (在燃烧). (4)Anyone who _________ (放火烧) the building can’t escape punishment. 2 take place 发生;举行 take sb.’s place/take the place of 代替;接替 in place of 代替 in place 在正确的位置;适当 out of place 在错误的位置;在不适当的位置 in sb.’s place 处于某人的位置 【活学活用】 (1)The contest __________ every four years. 该赛事每 4 年举行一次。 (2)Jane was absent, and I had to find someone to____________ . 简没来,我只好找个人替她。 (3)Try to put yourself __________ and think how you would feel. 把自己放在我的位置上,想想你会有什么感觉。 (4) Some of these files seem to be ___________. 有些档案似乎没放对地方。 3 end up 结果为??;以??结束 (1) put an end to sth. 使某事结束, 终止 bring sth. to an end 使某事结束, 终止 come to an end 结束;终止 (2) on end 连续地;竖着;直立地 in the end 最后;终于 at the end of? 在??结束时 __ the end of 到??结束时为止 make ends meet 使收支相抵
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【温馨提示】end up 往往指意料之外的结果,后面可以加动名词、介词短语或形 容词。如: If you continue to steal, you’ll end up in prison. 你要是继续行窃,终归得进监狱。 We were going to go out, but ended up staying at home. 我们原计划外出,但结果却是呆在家里了。 If he carries on driving like that, he’ll end up dead. 他照那样开车,早晚得死于非命。 【活学活用】 (1)What did the teacher say________her lecture? 在上课结束时老师说了什么? (2)He had to give up _________.他最终不得不放弃。 (3) At first he refused to accept any responsibility but he ________apologizing. 最初他拒不承认有任何责任, 到头来还是道了歉。

句型透视
(1) On average, there are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, causing about 80 deaths and 1, 500 injured. 平均来说,美国每年发生 800 次龙卷风,造成大约 80 人死亡,1500 人受伤。 (2)The worst tornado of all time occurred in 1925, affecting three US states: Missouri, Illinois and Indiana. 历史上最严重的龙卷风发生于 1925 年,影响了美国三个州:
密苏里州、伊利诺伊州和印第安纳州。

【句式点拨】这两个句子都是现在分词作结果状语,表示意料之中的结果, 起 补充说明的作用。而不定式作结果状语则表示意料之外的结果。 【活学活用】 (1)He dropped the plate, _______it into a hundred pieces. 他把盘子掉地上了,摔成了碎片。 (2)He got well prepared for the interview, ________that the interview was cancelled. 他精心为面试做好了准备,结果却被告知,面试取消了。

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The fire r________ the books in the library. 2.There is a ________ (可能性) of rain tonight. 3.An earthquake sometimes causes great d________. 4.She’s over 80, but is still very a_____ in many things. 5.It’s known that smoking can c_____ lung cancer. Ⅱ.选词填空 in all, set fire to, by the time, pick up, on average 1. _________ you arrive, I will have left. 2._________, I spend two hours doing my homework every day. 3.Sorry, I have to go to _______ my son from school. 4.How much money does he owe you ______? 5.Have the police found out who ________ the building? Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 天津卷] It rained heavily in the south,___serious flooding in several provinces. A. caused B. having caused C. causing D. to cause
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2.[2010.天津卷]Joining the firm as a clerk, he got rapid promotion, and__as a manager. A. ended up B. dropped out C. came back D. started off 3.[2011·安徽卷] ________,I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end. A. Hopefully B.Normally C. Thankfully D.Conveniently 4.Encourage your children to try new things, but try not to _______them too hard. A.draw B.strike C.rush D.push 5.By the time he realizes he ______into a trap, it’ll be too late for him to do anything about it. A.walks B.walked C.has walked D.had walked 6.I got caught in the rain and my suit ________ . A.has ruined B.had ruined C.has been ruined D.had been ruined 7.Some of these books are ________ . Please put them in right order. A.out of order B.out of place C.out of control D.out of the question 8.It ________that she was out when we called. A.struck B.came about C.occurred D.happened 9.The flood this summer caused serious _______to the crops in Northeast China. A.damage B.harm C.hurt D.injury 10.He felt rather__as he was the only person who wore sportswear at the dinner party. A.in place B.in the way C.by the way D.out of place

第 16 讲

Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia
基础梳理

Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1._____adj.吓人的,可怕的→____adj. 害怕的→____vt. 使害怕→fright n. 惊吓 2.________ n.力气,力量;长处→______ v. 加强→ strong adj. 强壮的 3.___________ n. 环境,围绕,外界→environmental adj.环境的; 有关环境的 4.pollute v.污染→ ________ adj.受污染的→_______ n. 污染 5.major adj.主要的,较大的→________ n.大多数 6. ________ adj.关心的,担心的 →concern n. 关心,担心 7._______ adj. 急迫的,紧急的→urgency n. 紧急;紧急的事 8.complain v. 抱怨,投诉→__________ n. 抱怨,投诉 9. _________ adv. 绝对地,完全地→absolute adj. 绝对的,完全的 10.protection n. 保护→_______ v. 保护,防护 Ⅱ.短语检测 1.受困于,遭遇 2.砍倒 3.作为??的结果;由于 4.建议某人做某事 5.阻止某人做某事 6.接受;理解;吸收 7.分发;发出;用完;耗尽 8.忍不住做某事 9.简言之;概括地讲
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10.改善环境 Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.They are often ___________ you cannot see the sun, and the wind is sometimes _______________ move sand dunes.他们常常很浓, 以至于连太阳都看不见, 而 且风力有时强到可以移动沙丘。 2.Sandstorms in China appear_____________in recent years as a result of “desertification” . 由于“沙漠化”越发严重, 中国近年来发生沙尘暴的次数明显增加了。 3.The storm sometimes continues all day and traffic moves very slowly because the thick dust_______________.沙尘暴有时会持续一天,车辆移动得很慢,因为厚厚的沙尘使
道路难以看清。

4.____________________________nearer, the government is planting trees. 为了防止沙漠离得更近,政府正在植树。 5.I can’t help but ______________. 我忍不住感到担心。 Ⅳ.单元语法 The different types of infinitive; Expressions with but + infinitive

单词点睛
1 strength n. [U]力量;力气[C, U]优点; 长处 (1) strong adj. 强壮的;坚强的;浓的 strengthen vt. 加强,巩固 (2) with all one’s strength 用上全身的力气 【易混辨析】power, force, energy 和 strength (1) power 指“动力,权力,能力” ,用途最广;用于各种身心的、潜在的、外显的力, 还可指电力。如: power cut/failure 停电 in power 在执政 be in/within/beyond one’s power (to do sth.) (没)有能力(做某事) (2) force 指“力,暴力,武力”,表示“力量”时,指人或物撞击时所用的力, 其复数形式常指“兵力,军队” 。如: the force of the explosion 爆炸力 (3) energy 依照其物理学定义讲是“能,能量” ,另外还可指“精力,活力,干劲” 。如: nuclear energy 核能 full of energy 精力充沛 devote all one’s energies to (doing) sth.全力以赴做某事 (4)strength 指“力气,力量,体力” ,是在身体组织内存在的力量。还可以指优点、长处。如: build up one’s strength 增强体力 one’s strengths and weaknesses 某人的长处和缺点 【活学活用】 (1)It is beyond my ______ to help you. 我没有能力帮助你。 (2)I don’t have the______to deal with it right now. 我现在没有精力处理这件事情。 (3)The soldiers took the prisoners away by _____. 士兵们强行把犯人带走了。 (4)He hasn’t got enough ___to remove that stone. 他没有足够的力气搬走那块石头。 2 concerned adj. 关心的;担心的;与??有关的 (1) concern n. 关心;忧虑 v. 与??有关,涉及;使忧虑,使担心
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(2) be concerned about/for 担心?? all people concerned 所有有关人员 be concerned in 与??有牵连 as far as?is concerned 就??而言;依??看来 【经典句式】 be concerned that ?担心?? It concerns me that ???让我担心。 What concerns me is ?让我担心的是?? 【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1)He ______________he won’t get his money back. 他担心要不回自己的钱。 (2)We ________________________ her safety. 我们都很担心她的安危。 (3) ________________, the whole idea is crazy. 在我看来,整个想法都很荒唐。 2..单项填空 _______ is our lack of preparation for the change. A.It concerns me B.What concerns me C.I am concerned that D.I am concerned about 3 complain v. 抱怨, 发牢骚;投诉 (1)complaint n. 抱怨;诉苦;投诉;控告 (2)complain that? 抱怨?? complain about/of 抱怨??;诉说?? complain to sb. 向某人抱怨 make a complaint 抱怨;投诉 【活学活用】 (1) You have nothing ___________________, do you?你没什么可抱怨,不是吗? (2)The roadwork caused much ____________ among local residents. 道路工程引起周围居民很多怨言。

短语储存
1 be/get caught in (to be in a situation that you cannot easily get out of or in which you do not have something you need) 被困于,遭遇 (1) catch up ____ sb. 赶上, 追上某人 catch (sb.) up 赶上, 追上(某人) catch sb. doing 撞见某人在做某事 (2) catch hold __ 抓住 catch sight of 突然看见 (3) catch a train/bus 赶上火车/汽车 catch fire 着火 catch one’s eye/attention 吸引某人的注意 (don’t)catch what one says (没)听懂/听清某人的话 【活学活用】 (1)We_________a rainstorm on the way here. 我们到这儿来的路上遇到了暴风雨。 (2)If you miss a lot of classes, it’s very difficult to ________. 如果你落下了很多节课,要赶上是很难的。
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(3)Drive faster—they’re ______________us.开得再快点——他们要赶上我们了。 (4) He __________________ in the classroom. 他被撞见在教室里抽烟。 (5) Sorry, I ____________ what you said. 对不起,我没听清你的话。 2 cut down 削减(cut sth. down/cut down on sth.); 砍倒 cut in (on sb.) 插嘴; 插入 cut ___ 切掉;切断??的供应;隔绝 cut up 切碎 【活学活用】 (1)He tried to___________on smoking but failed. 他试图少抽烟,但没成功。 (2)The gas______. As a result, we had to eat out. 煤气供应被切断了,因此我们不得不出去吃。 (3)It is impolite for children to _______when their seniors are talking. 孩子们在他们的长辈谈话时插嘴是不礼貌的。 (4)In winter, the town _______by snow. 冬天,这个小镇经常因为大雪与外界隔绝。 3 give out (to give something to each person in a group)分发(= hand out);(to announce sth., especially officially)发布, 公布(消息等);(to produce sth. such as light, heat, or a signal)发出(光、声音等);用完, 耗尽 give ______ 泄露;赠送;颁发 give back 归还;送回 give in (to) 认输, 投降,屈服;交上,呈上 give off 发出(光、声音等);散发出(气味) give __ 放弃;停止;抛弃 【活学活用】根据语境用 give 的短语填空 (1)He has _______ to my views. (2)If plastic and rubber are burnt, they’ll ______ poisonous gases. (3)Don’t _________the secret. (4)After a month their food supplies _______. (5)The news of the President’s death ___________ in a radio broadcast.

句型透视
Sandstorms in China appear to have increased in recent years as a result of “desertification” . 由于“荒漠化”越发严重, 中国近年来发生沙尘暴的次 数明显增加了。 【句式点拨】to have increased 是不定式的完成时,作 appear 的宾语。 不定式的三种时态形式: to do 没有明显的时间意义或在谓语动作之后表将来的动作。 to be doing 表示正在发生的动作或与谓语动词同时发生。 to have done 表示动作发生在主句谓语动词之前。│ 【活学活用】 (1)She _________________a letter when I passed by. 我路过时她碰巧正在写信。 (2)She ___________________ a lot of money. 她好像有很多钱。 (3)I’m sorry _____________________ so long. 很抱歉让你久等了。

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跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The weatherman has f_________________ that it will be foggy tomorrow. 2.She was a bit f__________at the sight of a snake. 3.When c________ to school yesterday, he was knocked down by a car. 4.“You are a ________ right” means “You are completely right”. 5.One m____environmental problem is cars, because they pollute the air with carbon dioxide. Ⅱ.选词填空 prevent…from, in a nutshell, give out, can’t help but, take in 1. ____________, the customers insisted they get their money back. 2.What ________ their plans _____ being carried out? 3.I want to go out to _____ some fresh air. 4.Make sure all the papers ____________ to the students before 9 o’clock. 5.Looking at the night sky, one________wonder if there are other forms of intelligence out there. Ⅲ.单项填空 1.—Has Games arrived? —Not yet. He might be ________ in a traffic jam. A.sticking B.caught C.trapping D.held 2.What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has _______ ? A.given out B.put out C.held up D.used up 3.Mary didn’t _______what I read because her mind was on something else. A.hold on B.catch on C.take in D.get over 4.Our English teacher is ill, and we are all________her health. A.concerned about B.careful about C.grateful for D.anxious of 5.He seemed_______the news, for there was not any surprise on his face when I told him about it. A.to learn B.to have learned C.to be learning D.students 6.To make the students perform well, the teacher first of all has to know their ________and weaknesses. A.strong B.strengths C.strength D.stronger 7.When I was very young, I was terribly_______of school, but I soon________it. A.frightening; got off B.frightened; got across C.frightening; got away D.frightened; got over 8.During the opening ceremony, “Miss Smile” has won the hearts of Chinese Internet users after being caught_______the same smile for nearly 20 minutes. A.fixed B.to be fixed C.to fix D.fixing 9.—Do you let your kids travel alone at night? — ________They are still young. A.Absolutely not! B.It depends. C.Why not? D.It is up to them. 10.Another problem is that while smarter child can_______information more exactly and faster than any human, he lacks common sense. A.invent B.create C.process D.produce
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阅读写作(八) 应用文写作之通知
【写作点拨】 通知(notice)是上级对下级、 组织对成员布置工作、 传达情况或告诉公众某种事情 等时使用的一种应用文体,通常分为口头通知和书面通知两种。 1.口头通知是面对面地把信息传达给对方。这种通知开头应有称呼语,正式场 合用 Ladies and gentlemen(女士们、先生们), 有时也可以用 Boys and girls 或 Comrades and friends(同志们、 朋友们)等。 开头还常有提醒听众注意的开场白, 如 Attention, please.或 May I have your attention, please?或 I have an announcement to make.等;结尾常说 That' all. Thank you.或 Thank you for listening.等, 以示礼貌。 口头通知无需说明发布通知的日期和发布通知的人(单位)。 阅读写作(八) │ 写作点拨 2.写书面通知时,应明确写出发出通知的单位和日期。一般情况下,书面通知 的首行中央写上 Notice。通知的发布单位常写在正文结束的右下角,也可以写在 Notice 的上方或前面,发布通知的日期一般写在正文的左下角(在落款的下一行) 或写在通知正文的右上角(在 Notice 的下一行)。口头通知和书面通知都是宣布即 将发生的事情及其具体内容,因而多用将来时,一般用祈使句来强调。通知的语 言要简洁明了,条理清晰,准确无误,特别是时间概念很重要,必须写得十分明 确,不容丝毫含糊。 【词句模板】 1.段首常用语: (1) May I have/call your attention, please? (2) Attention, please, everybody! (3) I have an announcement to make. (4) I have something to tell you. 2.段中常用语: (1) There will be a talk this afternoon. (2) The Student Union has decided that… (3) We shall have a lecture on… (4) It has been decided that we'll pay a visit to… 3.段尾常用语: (1) Please be there on time and don't be late. (2) I hope you can have a good time. (3) That's all. Thank you. 4.书面通知格式模板: In order to ________, ________ is to be held on ________ (day), ________ (date), at ________ (time) in ________ (place). Whoever is interested in it is welcome to attend ________. Those who want to take part in ________ please sign up at the Student Union. Please remember: ________. 5.口头通知格式模板: Ladies and gentlemen, Your attention,please. I have something to tell you. 具体内容:______________________________________________________
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Please remember: Time: ________ Place: ________ Thank you for listening. 【活学活用】 你校学生会将召开选举新主席的大会。假如你是留学生班班长李华,请你用英语 在班里宣布一个口头通知,要点如下: 1.时间:下周五下午 3:00—5:00; 地点:图书馆三楼讲座厅; 2.参选的同学先作自我介绍和五分钟演讲,最后进行投票; 3.希望全体同学参加,不要迟到或缺席; 4.报名的同学要准备一份自我简介和简短演讲稿。 注意:词数 100 左右;开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇: 学生会: the Student Union 报名: enter for 选举: elect 投票: vote Boys and girls, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. __________________________________________________ That's all. Thank you! 【参考范文】 Boys and girls, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. Next Friday afternoon, from 3:00 to 5:00 pm, in the lecture hall on the third floor of the school library, the Student Union will hold a meeting to elect a new chairman. First, all the students who want to enter for the election will give a self-introduction, followed by a five - minute speech. And finally, the voting will be carried out.Everybody is required to attend the meeting. Be sure not to be late or absent. By the way, remember to prepare an introduction of yourself as well as a short speech if you want to have a go. That's all. Thank you!

第 17 讲 Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China
【美文欣赏】 随着电脑普及率的提高,老师、家长和学生对字迹的重视程度降低了。据一 项调查显示,有 85.8%的中学生说自己的字迹不好看,而他们又不想改善字迹, 其理由有很大差别。请根据下图写一篇 100—120 词的英文短文,说明该现象并 发表自己的看法。

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【精彩美文】 Nowadays, with the growing popularity of computers, teachers, students and their parents are paying less and less attention to handwriting. According to a recent survey, about 85.8 percent of middle school students think that their handwriting is poor. Yet for various reasons, many students don't want to improve their handwriting. 51.5 percent of the students think that they can just use a computer, so there is no need to waste time improving their handwriting, and 32.3 percent believe that they are so busy. with the study that they do not have time to practise. 10.9percent think that practising handwriting is useless. As the saying goes, writing style shows the man. Beautiful and neat handwriting is beneficial, especially for middle school students. Therefore, in my opinion, more emphasis should be placed on this aspect in future. 【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:引出主题→分析图表→阐述观点。较好地使用了连接词语,如: yet,so,and,therefore,in my opinion 等。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:paying less and less attention to, according to,various,beneficial 等。 ③句式句法: 运用了较多的句式和句法结构。 如: that 引导的宾语从句, so? that 引导的结果状语从句:32.3 percent believe that they are so busy with the study that they do not have time to practise;as 引导非限制性定语从句:As the saying goes;含有情态动词的被动语态:more emphasis should be placed?;there be 句 型:?there is no need to waste time improving their handwriting 等。

基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1.equal v.等于 adj.相等的,平等的→____adv.同样地,相等地→___n 平等,同等 2._________ n.重要,重要性 → important adj. 重要的 3.stress n. 压力 v.重读,强调→______adj. 紧张的→_______adj.感到压力的 4._______ v. 辞职→ resignation n. 辞职;辞呈 5. _______ adj. 有影响的 → influence n.&v. 影响 6.______ n.诚实→ honest adj.诚实的→________ adv. 诚实地 7.______ n. 正义, 公正→ just adv.正好;刚才 adj.正义的 8.___________ n.贡献, 捐助→contribute v. 捐赠,作出贡献 9.invent vt.发明;虚构,编造→_________ n. 发明→________ n. 发明家 10._________ n. 争论,辩论→ argue v..辩论;主张 Ⅱ.短语检测 1.相信;信任 2.养育; 提出 3.采纳建议 4.在一些方面 5.责任感 6.对??感到自豪 7.总之 8.生平第一次
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9.如果是这样的话 10.起初,一开始 Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.But it was also_________ there were many great philosophers. 但是这也是一个有很多伟大的哲学家的时代。 2.Mencius was a thinker______ teachings were very___________of Confucius. 孟子是一位思想家,他的学说与孔子的相似。 3.For many years he traveled _________________the principles of Confucius. 很多年他游走于各个国家传授孔子的理念。 4.Mencius believed that_______man is different from animals____man is good. 孟子认为人不同于动物的原因是人是善良的。 5.Cars were first used at the end of the nineteenth century, and were _____a horse. 汽车首次在 19 世纪末开始使用, 跑得和马一样慢。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Defining attributive clauses: of whom/in which

单词点睛
1 equal adj. (the same in size, number, amount, value etc. as sth. else)相等的;同 样的 n.相等的人或物 vt.等于;比得上 (1) equally adv. 同样地;相等地 equality n. 相等;平等;同等 (2) be equal __ 和??相等;能胜任 of equal size/length/importance 大小/长度相同/同样重要 【活学活用】 (1)The rent was_____half his monthly income. 租金相当于他的月收入的一半。 (2)Diet and exercise are _________________________饮食和锻炼同样重要。 2 order n. 秩序;顺序;订购;订单;(点的)饭菜;命令 vt. 命令;[request sb. to supply or make (goods, etc.)]订购; (request sb. to bring food, drink, etc. in a hotel, restaurant, etc.) 点菜/饮料等 (1) disorder n. 混乱,紊乱,无秩序 (2) in order 有秩序;有条理 out of order 紊乱;出故障 in order to do/in order that 以便;为了 place an order for 订购 take one’s order 记下某人的订单 keep order 维持秩序 (3) order sb. to do 命令/吩咐某人做某事 order that? 命令??(从句用 should+动词原形,should 可以省略) 【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1)The phone is ___________. 电话坏了。 (2)We ______________ yet. 我们还没点菜。 (3)He lit a cigarette_________calm his mind.他点燃一支香烟,稳定一下情绪。

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2.单项填空 —Shall I take your ________ , sir? —Well, we need to look at the menu for a while. A.service B.food C.order D.request 3 stress n. 压力;强调;重音 vt. 强调;重读 (1) stressful adj. 压力重的;紧张的 stressed adj. 焦虑不安的;紧张的 (2) lay/place/put stress on sth.强调 be under stress 在压力下 relieve/reduce stress 减少压力 suffer from stress 遭受压力 (3) be stressed out 焦虑不安的 stress the importance of 强调??的重要性 【活学活用】 (1)Robert looks so _______(焦虑不安的) since he started this new job. (2)Jane’s been _____________since her mother’s illness. 简自从妈妈生病以来一直压力很大。 4 invent vt. 发明;创造;编造;想出 invention n. 发明;创造 inventor n. 发明者;创造者 【易混辨析】invent, discover, find 和 find out (1)invent 指发明出原来不存在的东西。 (2)discover 指发现早已存在的但不为人所知的东西。 (3)find 意为“找到,发现”,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,也可指偶然发现某物 或某种情况,强调的是找的结果。 (4)find out 指通过观察、探索而发现事实的真相,意为“查明,弄清楚” 。 【活学活用】用 invent, discover 或 find out 的适当形式填空 (1)Laszlo Biro _________ the ballpoint pen. (2)Columbus is said to ______________ America in 1492. (3)Can you ________what time the meeting will start? (4)You are always ________ excuses. 5 condition n. 状况;(thing needed to make sth. else possible; thing on which another thing depends)条件;(circumstances ) 环境,条件 on this/that condition 在这个/那个条件下 on no condition 无论如何都不;绝不 on condition that 条件是 【易混辨析】state, situation, condition 和 position (1)state 表示某事物所显示出的具体状况或状态,是可数名词。如: Water exists in three states. 水有三种形态。 (2)situation 表示国家、集体或个人所处的综合的“形势,情况,处境” 。如: international situation 国际形势 in the present situation 在目前形势下 (3)condition 表示要做某事需满足的“条件”;某人、某物所处的“(健康)状况”(不可数
名词,但有时也加 a);表示工作、学习等的“环境,条件”时多用复数。如:
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poor working conditions 恶劣的工作环境 meet/satisfy a condition 满足条件 He’s in excellent condition for a man of his age. 他就其年龄而言,身体极好。 (4) position 指“位置, 职位” 。 【活学活用】 (1) ______________are you allowed to do that. 无论如何也不允许你那样做。 (2)I’ll let you borrow it _______________ you lend me your bicycle in return. 我借给你也行,但有个条件,你得把你的自行车借给我。 (3) People are looking forward to improving their living ______.人们期待着改善生活条件。 (4) Children must be taught to deal with dangerous _______. 必须教会孩子们处理危险的情况。 (5)Ice is water in a solid _____. 冰是水的固体状态。 6 contribution n. 贡献;促成作用;捐款;捐献物;投稿 (1)contribute v. 捐款;贡献;有助于;投稿 (2)make a contribution to 对??作贡献 contribute (sth.) to 对??捐献,向??投稿 contribute to 有助于,促成 【活学活用】 (1)Everyone should ________________our society. 人人都应该为社会作贡献。 (2)The government encouraged everyone to_______those suffering from disaster. 政府鼓励每个人向受灾的人们捐助。 (3)Does smoking ____________ lung cancer?吸烟会导致肺癌吗?

短语储存
bring up (raise or educate sb.)教育, 养育; (to mention a subject or start to talk about it) 提出;呕吐 bring down 使下降 bring __ 引入;提出;获利 bring _____ 引起,导致,造成 bring along 带来 bring out 使显示;出版;生产 【活学活用】用 bring 相关短语的适当形式填空 (1) Her parents died when she was a baby and she was __________by her aunt. (2)Scientists say that many factors __________ changes in the weather. (3)The store has agreed to __________ the price of the computer. (4)The sale of the house only __________ about 45, 000. (5)New personal computers are __________ almost daily.

句型透视
1 Mencius was a thinker whose teachings were very similar to those of Confucius. 孟子是一位思想家, 他的学说与孔子的学说极为相似。 【句式点拨】在表示比较的句型中,those 可用来替代前文中的复数名词。若前文 名词为不可数名词或单数名词,则用 that。 【活学活用】用 that 或 those 填空
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(1)The weather in Beijing is much colder than ____ in Shanghai. (2)The students in our class are much older than _____ in your class. 2 Cars were first used at the end of the nineteenth century, and were no faster than a horse. 汽车首次在 19 世纪末开始使用,跑得和马一样慢。 【句式点拨】no +比较级+than 表示“两者都不” ;not+ 比较级+than 表示 “前者不如后者” 。如: He is no more careful than you. = He is as careless as you.他和你一样粗心。 He is not more careful than you. 他没有你那么细心。 【活学活用】 Not all bamboo grows tall. The shortest grows _________ your ankles. A.higher than B.as high as C.no higher than D.less higher than 【解析】 C no higher than= as short as,正符合语境。句意:并非所有的竹子 都长得很高,最矮的竹子长得只有你脚踝那么高。

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.I do believe in e _______ of opportunity. 2.It was commonly believed that he was an _______ (诚实的)man. 3.The i _______ of the computer marked the beginning of a new era. 4.Don’t a _______ with me; my decision is final. 5.Beethoven was an _________(有影响力的) figure in the history of music. Ⅱ.选词填空 bring up, believe in, at first, in some ways, in conclusion 1.The changes are beneficial ___________ but not in others. 2.Your suggestion will ____________ at the next meeting. 3._____________, I’d like to say how much I’ve enjoyed staying here. 4.He is one of my best friends. I _________ him. 5._________, I don’t like him, but later we became good friends. Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 辽宁卷] I agree to his suggestion____the condition that he drops all charges. A. by B. in C. on D. to 2.[2010·全国卷Ⅱ] The island is_______attractive in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons. A. partly B. merely C. nearly D. equally 3.From their___on the top of the TV Tower, visitors can have a better view of the city. A.stage B.position C.condition D.situation 4.We forgave his bad temper because we knew that his son’s illness had put him under great________ . A.emotion B.excitement C.crisis D.stress 5.Every year the CCTV chooses ten______figures among the ordinary people, whose deeds can move China. A.historical B.luckiest C.most influential D.more enthusiastic 6.—Why did you ________ ? —I was offered a better position at IBM. A.react B.retire C.resign D.remove
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7.[2011·湖北卷] The government has taken measures to________the high prices of daily goods to keep the market stable. A. take down B. bring down C. hand down D. tear down 8.People in this village will remember his contributions____defending the village. A.on B.in C.to D.about 9.She is ____careful than her brother. They can’t do the work that needs carefulness. A.not more B.no more C.not less D.no less 10.The research has caused a lot of________.Some think it is a bad idea, while others support it. A.quarrels B.fightings C.statement D.argument

第 18 讲

Module 6 Old and New 基础梳理

Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1.accommodate v. 提供住处;容纳;适应→__________n. 住宿,住所;适应 2. _____________ n. 建设 → construct v. 建设 3.historical adj. 历史的,有关历史的→____adj.有历史意义的→______ n. 历史 4.narrow adj. 狭窄的,狭隘的 v. (使)变窄→_______adv. 狭隘地,勉强地 5._______ adj. 全球的→globe n. 全球,地球 6.observatory n. 观察台→________ v. 观察→observation n. 观察 7._____ adj. 有雾的→fog n. 雾 8.________ v. 迁移;除去,拿走→ removal n.除去,消除;移动,搬迁 Ⅱ.短语检测 1.起源于 2.非常重要 3.渴望;梦想 4.阻止;退缩 5.变为现实;实现 6.为??提供 7.把??用于(做)某事 8.结束;终止 9.讲得通;有意义 10.飞越??上空 Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.Mao Zedong wrote a poem ____________________“walls of stone to ________ clouds and rain till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorges”. 毛泽东写过一首词, 在这首词中,他表达了“更立西江石壁,截断巫山云雨,高峡出平湖”的理想。 2.The dam will generate electricity_____about 40 million tons of coal ____________so much air pollution. 大坝将要产生相当于燃烧 4000 万吨煤所产 生的电量,但是却不会造成那么严重的空气污染。 3.Lighting___the Empire State Building about_____.闪电一年大约袭击帝国大厦 500 次。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Nondefining attributive clauses; Contraction of attributive clauses
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单词点睛
1 date n.日期;时期;约会 vt.注明日期;约会 (1) out of date 过时的;废弃的 up to date 现代的;时新的 to date 到目前为止 (2) date back to/from 追溯到;始于 【温馨提示】
date back to 和 date from 作谓语时无被动语态,而且往往用于一般现在时。

【活学活用】 The church can ____________________ the 13th century. 这座教堂的历史可以追溯到 13 世纪。 2 accommodate v. (to provide sb. with a room or place to sleep or live)提供住 处;(to have enough space for)容纳;(to get used to a new situation or to make yourself do this) 适应 (1)accommodation n. 住处,适应 (2)accommodate sb. for the night 留某人过夜 accommodate oneself to (doing)sth. (使自己)适应?? 【活学活用】 (1)He soon _____________the new environment. 他很快适应了新环境。 (2)How many people ____________________?大厅能容纳多少人? 3 remove v. (take away from one place to another, get rid of)移开,去掉,清除;开 除;迁移 【易混辨析】remove 和 move remove 和 move 都表示“移动” 。区别是:move 强调位置和姿态的改变;remove 则指“拿走, 撤走, 去除(take away from/get rid of)”等义, 强调完全放弃原 来的地方而达到新的位置。表示“迁居”时, 二者均可。如: Who moved my cheese? 谁动了我的奶酪? Please remove the dishes (from the table). 请把碗碟(从餐桌上)拿走。 【活学活用】用 move 或 remove 的适当形式填空 (1)The danger was suddenly ________. (2)He tried to _______ the dirty marks on the wall. (3)Please______ your chair closer to me.

单词点睛
1 make sense (have an understandable meaning, be sensible)有意义;有道理 make sense of 了解??的意义;懂得 in a/some sense 在某个意义上 sense of humour/direction/shame/responsibility 幽默感/方向感/羞耻感/责任感 sense sth./that 意识到,感觉到 【经典句式】It makes sense to do sth. 做某事是合情合理的/有道理的。 There is no sense (in) doing sth. 做某事没有意义。 【活学活用】
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(1) __________________ keep cattle on the hillside. 在山坡上养牛是明智之举。 (2)Can you ____________ this poem?你看得懂这首诗吗? (3)What you say is true _________. 你的话在某种意义上属实。 2 hold back 阻挡;抑制, 控制;隐瞒;退缩, 犹豫;阻碍进步或发展 hold on 不挂断(电话);坚持住 hold on __ 抓住不放,留住不卖 hold out 伸出;维持,坚持 hold __ 延误;使耽搁(常用于被动语态) get/catch/take hold of 抓住,握住 【活学活用】 1.根据语境为 hold back 选择合适的英语释义 a. to make someone or something stop moving forward b. to stop yourself from feeling or showing a particular emotion c. to keep sth. secret d. to be unwilling to do sth. because of fear or being careful or to make sb. unwilling to do sth. e. to prevent someone or something from making progress (1)Tell me all about it—don’t hold anything back! ____ (2)She wanted to tell him but pride held her back. ____ (3)Anger flooded through her. She couldn’t hold it back. ___ (4)The dam was not strong enough to hold back the flood waters. ____ (5)They felt the economy in this country was being held back by too many government controls. ___ 2.用 hold 相关短语的适当形式填空 (1)She just managed ___________her anger. (2)She _________, not knowing how to break the terrible news. (3)Our supplies couldn’t _________long. (4)They managed ________until help arrived. (5)Our flight_______by fog. As a result, I was late for an important meeting.

句型透视
A temple is a place of great importance to Buddhists.寺庙对于佛教徒来说是一个重要的地方。 【句式点拨】be + of + value/use/help/difference/importance 等抽象名词,可用 其同根形容词 valuable/useful/helpful/different/important 等替换, 且这些抽象名词 前可用 little, some, any, no, great 等修饰。如: These books are of great help to you.=These books are very helpful to you. 这些书对你很有帮助。 【相关拓展】 (1)be + of + color/age/size/shape 等普通名词。如: Coins may be of different sizes, weights, shapes and of different metals. 硬币可能大小、重量、形状不同, 所用金属材料不同。 (2)be + of +a(n)/one + 名词,表示“同一的” 。如: They are of a color. 他们的颜色一样。 (3) be + of +普通名词或物质名词,表示“由??制成” , “由??组成” 。如:
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The small bridge is of stone.=The small bridge is made of stone. 小桥是由石头做成的。

【活学活用】 (1)It is ________ to you. =It is_______ to you.这个东西对你没用。 (2)These cars are ____________. 这些车大小一样。

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Luckily, the bullet n__________ missed the captain by an inch. 2.An airplane c_______west of Denver last night. 3.The new school is under __________ (建设). 4.He had to r______ the door to get the piano in. 5.It’s f_______ outside, so please put on your coat. Ⅱ.选词填空 in particular, dream of, hold back, come true, bring…to an end 1.No one can __________ the wheel of history. 2.The risk is that Europe will get hit harder, ____________ its financial system. 3.I used to ________ becoming an actor, now I have realized I will never. 4.I believe my dream will ________ one day. 5.That our father came _______ our discussion _________. Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 湖北卷] After the earthquake, the first thing the local government did was to provide________for the homeless families. A. accommodation B. occupation C. equipment D. furniture 2.They’ve won their last three matches, __________I find a bit surprising actually. A.that B.when C.what D.which 3.I wish your dream would_______one day. A.come truly B.come true C.be come true D.came true 4.Winning the competition______her financial problems. A.put on end B.came to an end C.brought an end to D.was an end 5.What do you advise for_______ink from my jacket? A.moving B.getting C.bringing D.removing 6.Yesterday we visited a temple, ________the 13th century. A.dating from B.dating back C.dated from D.dates back to 7.I’d____that house for the time being; house prices are rising sharply at the moment. A.stick to B.insist on C.hold on to D.apply to 8.No one can give a speech without an outline, which will give you a good _______to base your speech on. A.construction B.structure C.building D.form 9.In my opinion, what he told us just now about the affair simply doesn’t make any _. A.idea B.meaning C.sense D.point 10.—How about talking with native speakers if I know little about French? — ________ . You should learn it for several months. A.That’s all right B.It’s out of the question C.It’s up to you D.It makes sense
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阅读写作(九) 完形填空技法指导
[完形填空技法指导之词汇复现 ] 词汇复现包括同词复现、同义词复现、同根词复现、概括词复现以及结构复 现等等。完形填空所选的文章都是具有逻辑关系、意义相联的语篇,因此,在行 文中不可避免地会出现词语的复现、前后同义或反义,相互照应等现象。所以, 解题时应联系上下文寻找相关线索,如某一个词的原词、指代词、同义词、近义 词、上义词、下义词和概括词等。但由于我们在做题时不可能总是重复地阅读文 章,因此,在做完形填空时要培养一种捕捉并记忆相关信息的能力。 一、原词复现
原词复现是指相同的单词在原文中反复出现,达到衔接文章的目的,我们可以利用这种 衔接方法找到要填入的单词在原文中与之相同的词,也就找到了试题的答案。

例 1.The smokers_______a lot. In fact, the non-smokers who must breathe the air polluted by tobacco smoke may suffer more than the smokers themselves. A.suffer B.Endure C.tolerate D.bear 例 2.Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go further. The_______you go about purchasing an article or a service can actually save you money or can add to the cost. A.formal B.way C.method D.fashion 二、同义词或近义词复现 同义词复现是指相同或相近的单词在原文中反复出现,以达到衔接文章的目 的。在做完形填空试题时,就可以利用这种衔接方式找到要填入单词的同义词或 者近义词,也就找到了试题的答案。这也包括了同源词复现,即相同词根构成的 不同词性的单词在文章中反复出现。 例 3.[2011·浙江卷] (节选)Although I love my life, it hasn't been a lot of fun as I've been ill for 28 years.Music has always been a great love of mine and, in my 20s, when my _______was more manageable … A.loneliness B.sadness C.tiredness D.sickness 例 4.[2011·山东卷] (改编)I can't recall any of the songs that the band played. I just _____ that I really enjoyed the show and didn't want it to finish. A.realize B.understand C.believe D.remember 三、反义词复现 反义词复现是指和前文中词义相反的单词在原文中出现,以达到衔接文章的 目的。我们可以利用这一衔接手段在文章中寻找要填入单词的反义词。 例 5.[2011·福建卷] (改编)Diana quickly realized that making her dream of shop ownership in Canada a ________ meant going to school to get the necessary education and certification. A.reality B.fact C.challenge D.wonder 例 6.Forcing yourself to recall (almost) never helps because it doesn't ________ your memory; it only tightens it. A.loosen B.weaken C.decrease D.reduce 四、结构复现
有时空格处的信息并不局限于与前一句中某个信息点的重复, 可能是与前几句中的某个 信息点的重复,也不局限于同词复现或同义复现,甚至连句式结构都非常类似。

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例 7.Many people now think that teachers give pupils too much homework. They say that it is 1for children to work at home in their free time. 2,they argue that most teachers do not 3 plan the homework tasks they give to pupils. 1. A.unnecessary B.uninteresting C.unfortunate D.unimportant 2. A .Nevertheless B.However C.Therefore D.Moreover 3. A .considerably B.favorably C.properly D.pleasantly 【活学活用】 1.There were many ways to prevent this from happening: hanging a knife over the baby's head while he slept or covering him with some of his father's clothes were just two of the recommended ________. A.cases B.tools C.steps D.methods 2.Wouldn't it be great if we didn't have to remember passwords ever again? If we could just sit in front of our computers and be automatically logged in? Crave mentions how NEC Soft Biode Logon system uses face recognition technology to log you on to Windows, rather than using a ________. A.face B.Password C.software D.System 3.Most people believe they don't have much imagination. They are wrong. Everyone has _______, but most of us, once we become adults, forget how to make use of it. A.creativity B.memory C.imagination D.limitation 4.Once adults understand what children are communicating through their behavior, they can respond better. When children feel respected and have their needs met, there is no longer a reason to use challenging ________ to communicate. A.action B.language C.gesture D.Behavior

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