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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note


1.Permit vt.&vi.许可;允许;准许 n.通行证;许可证; 执照
permission n.允许;许可;同意 permit doing sth.允许做某事(反义短语:forbid doin

g sth.禁 止做某事)

permit sb.to do sth.允许某人做某事(反义短语:forbid sb.to
do sth.禁止某人做某事)

运用 完成句子 (1)根据最新的规定,政府准许了他们的申请。
permitted According to the latest rules, government ________________ their application.

permit children to swim We don't ________________________________ in the pool.

(3)我们不许在这拍照。 permit taking photos here. We don't ____________________
(4)你没有许可证就不能在这里工作。 a permit You can't work here without __________.

2.Spot vt.发现;认出 n.斑点;污点;地点

spot sb.doing sth.发现某人正在做某事
on the spot=on the scene 在现场;当场


运用 完成句子
(1)我们沿着沙滩走着,想找一个坐的地方。 a spot to sit. We walked along the beach looking for __________ (2)他最后找到了他想要的衬衫。 spotted just the shirt he wanted. He finally __________ (3)幸运的是现场有一位医生。 on the spot/scene Luckily there was a doctor ________________________. (4)邻居们发现有烟从那所房子里冒出来。

spotted smoke __________________ coming out of Neighbors ________ the house.

3.Account vi.&vt.认为;说明;总计有 n.说明;理由;计 算;账目 ( 在数量方面) account for 是??的原因;做出解释、说明; 占;对??负有责任 on account of 因为;由于 take into account=take into consideration 考虑;注意;顾及; 体谅;把??考虑进去 on no account=in no case/for no reason 绝不要;无论如何不 要(放句首时句子要倒装)

运用 完成句子 (1)他无法说明他旷课的原因。
account for his absence from school. He could not ____________ (2)由于天气不好,火车都误点了。 on account of the bad weather. Trains were delayed _______________ (3)你应该把费用考虑进去。 take the expenses into account/consideration You should ________________________________________.

(4)他发誓他绝不会背叛他的祖国。 on no account/in no case/for no reason would He swore that _________________________________
he turn against his homeland.

4.seek vt.&vi.(sought, sought)寻找;探索;寻求
seek one's advice/help 征求某人的意见/寻求某人的帮助 seek to do sth.试图做某事 seek out 挑出;找出 seek after/for 寻觅;寻找;追求


运用 完成句子
(1)请遵医嘱。 seek doctor's advice You should __________________. (2)我试图改变她的心意。 sought to change I ________________________ her mind. (3)他们怎么也找不到一个藏身的地方。 sought in vain ______ for somewhere to shelter. They ______


用本单元所学单词及用法完成下列句子 1.我很意外,他和我持相反观点。 contrary opinion to mine. Unexpectedly, he held a __________ 2.盯着人看不礼貌。 It's rude to _________ stare at people. 3.他们走进银行时被警察认出来了。 spotted by police as they were entering the bank. They were ________ 4.我们在墙后发现了秘密通道。

a secret passage behind the wall. We discovered __________________

5.如果你们不是很熟的话,问别人薪水多少是很不礼貌的。 manners to ask other's salary if you are not very It's bad ____________ familiar. 6.女王走进房间时,每个人都鞠躬致敬。

bowed Everyone ____________ as the Queen walked into the room.
7.你有在这个湖里钓鱼的许可证吗? permit Have you got a ____________ to fish in the lake? 8.最近的工作压力是他身体不好的原因。

accounts for his poor health. Recent pressure at work ____________
9.他寻找机会与她说话。 sought He ____________ to talk to her.

1.bring up 抚养;培养;教育;提出;呕吐 bring sb.up to be/as 培养某人成为

bring sb.up to do sth.培养某人做某事
bring about 产生;引起;带来 bring back (使)归还;带回来 bring down 使降下;降落;降低(价格) bring out 使显示 bring in 把??拿进来;赚得;引进

运用 完成句子 (1)他在会议上提出了一条好的建议。 brought up a good suggestion at the meeting. He ____________
(2)他小时候在一个小村庄被抚养长大。 was brought up He __________________ in a small village when young. (3)把衣服收起来,好像要下雨了。 Bring the clothes ______; in ______ it looks like rain.

has brought about many changes in our lives. Science __________________

2.by accident (=by chance) 偶然;无意中;不小心

by no accident 绝非偶然
without accident 平安无事地

运用 完成句子 (1)他是出于偶然而想出了解决问题的办法。
by accident/chance He came up with the solution to the problem ________________. (2)我们平安无事地回来了。 without accident We got back ________________.

3.on the contrary 与此相反;正相反 to the contrary 意思相反的(地);完全不同的(地) be contrary to 与??相反 运用 完成句子

(1)我没有生病。正相反,我很健康。 On the contrary I'm not ill.__________________, I'm very healthy. (2)在服装方面,我妹妹的爱好和我的正相反。 is contrary to My sister's taste in dresses ________________ my own.

4.take a chance (=take the chance=take chances) 冒险

have/get a chance of doing/to do/that-clause 有希望做??
give sb. a chance 给某人一个机会 a chance of lifetime 千载难逢的机会 运用 完成句子

(1)你没有再到那里去的机会了。 have/get another chance of going/to go there. You won't ________________________________

take a chance/take the chance/take chances and run I'd like to ___________________________________
a business.


On the contrary I like your company. You didn't bother me._______________,

such a patient woman that the naughtiest children She is __________________________ won't be given up. 3.我们想知道他是有目的的还是偶然的。 by accident We wondered whether he did it on purpose or ____________.

4.亨利被服务员看不起,因为他衣衫褴褛。 in rags Henry was looked down upon by the waiters, for he was ______. 5.你先行一步,告诉他我随后就到。 go ahead and tell him that I'm coming. You ____________ 6.——你觉得我的新衣服怎样?

—How do you like my new dress? To be honest —________________, it fits you but not suits me. 7.关于我的过去,我什么都不会告诉你。

As for my past, I'm not telling you anything. ________

I have a matter of importance to ________. do with 9.我们会碰碰运气,在学校附近开一间快餐店。 take a chance and open a fast food restaurant near We'll ________________ the school.

10.她在乡下养育了五个孩子。 brought up five children in the countryside. She ____________



You must come whenever you want and have whatever

you like.您只要想来随时欢迎,您想吃什么尽管吃。 (1)此处 whenever 和 whatever 分别引导了让步状语从句 who/anything that/any time when 等,用来加强语气。 (2 )“ 疑问词-ever” 还可引导让步状语从句,相当于“no matter+疑问词”。 注意 “疑问词-ever”既可用于引导名词性从句,也可用 于引导让步状语从句;而“no matter+疑问词”只可用于引导 让步状语从句。


精练 根据中文提示,完成下列句子 (1)无论你什么时候有问题,都可以来找我帮忙。 Whenever/No matter when you have problems, you may turn ______________________ to me for help. (2)我想到什么就说什么。 whatever comes into my head. I'll just say ____________________


运用所学语言基础知识,补充完整下面短文,并背诵之 When I was twelve years old, I found an interesting play

by accident/chance written by Mark Twain (1)________________________ (偶然地).
The writer told us an unbelievable story.I did like it very much and it was this story that (2)________________________ ( 正 是 这 个 故 事 ) made me interested in Mark Twain's works.In the story, two rich English brothers (3)___________________ (对??打赌) penniless Henry, made a bet on in rags who was (4)___________________________ ( 衣衫褴褛), giving

him a million pound bank note.With the bank note, he met many
poor appearance 寒 酸 的 外 表 ), adventures.Because of his (5)________________( Henry received bad services in many places.But after they saw the looked down upon 看不起;轻视) him all bank note, those who (6)________________(

changed their attitude.Even one of the rich brothers' daughter
fell in love with ( 爱 上 ) him.The story happening to Henry (7)________________ accounts for (8)____________ vividly ________( 对??作出解释) the money society those days.


地点简介 介绍一个国家、地区或城市,一般应包括其地理位置、首 都或政府所在地、人口、气候、环境、物产及历史等。


【实用套语】 1.地理位置 lie in/be located in/be situated in 位于,坐落于 in the center of/in the east of 在中心/在东部 2.人口 It has a population of.../With the population of...

The population has reached... 人口达到??


It has a history of.../With the history of...
有??的历史 4.占地面积 It covers/has an area of...square meters.占地??平方米

5.环境 with green hills and beautiful rivers 有着青山绿水


6.气候 neither too cold nor too hot 既不太冷也不太热 the climate varies from place to place 气候因地而异 7.物产

be rich in/be high in 盛产??
a city with much industry 一个工业城市


8.风景名胜 place of interest 风景名胜区 sth. attract/appeal to sb.某物吸引某人 sth. be so attractive/wonderful/appealing that...

It is famous for/as...??因为/作为??而著名 a place with many tourist attractions 一个有着很多名胜的地方


Located in the middle of Shandong Peninsula, Weifang
covers an area of 15.9 square kilometers with a population of 8.63 million. 潍坊位于山东半岛中部,总面积达 1.59 万平方公里,人 口为 836 万。

As an outstanding tourist city with a long history in China,
the city is rich in both mineral resources and seafood products. 作为中国有着悠久历史的优秀旅游城市,它有着富饶的矿 产和水产资源。

请根据下表内容,写一篇介绍广州的英语短文。 [写作内容]


中国第三大城市;别称:五羊城、花城等;广东省省会; 全市面积 7434 平方公里;人口 1000 多万

历史 2200 多年历史的文化名城,历史上海上丝绸之路的始发港 地理 珠江从市中心穿过 气候 温暖湿润 旅游 风光旖旎,旅游资源丰富

[写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容; 2.短文的开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总句数。 Let me tell you something about Guangzhou. ... I hope you will have a good time in Guangzhou.Thank you.


Let me tell you something about Guangzhou. Guangzhou, the third largest city in China, also known as Five-lamb City, Flower City and so on, serves as the capital city of Guangdong Province.This city covers a total area of 7,434 square kilometers with a population of more than ten

million.Guangzhou, a famous city with a history of more than 2,200 years, is a starting port of the Silk Road on the sea in history.Guangzhou enjoys a warm and wet climate.The beautiful city, well-known for its beautiful scenery, is also abundant in traveling resources. I hope you will have a good time in Guangzhou.Thank you.

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