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名词性从句与写作.ppt.Convertor


名词性从句及其在写作中的运用 什么是名词性从句? 连接词+名词性从句(陈述句语序即主+谓) 由_____引导,在复合句中起____作用的从句叫名词从句 ( Noun Clauses)。它在复合 句中能担任______________________________________等,因此根据它在句中不同的 语法功能,名词从句又可分别称为______________________

______________。 名词性从句的连接词: 1) 连词:that, whether, if 2) 连接代词:what, who, which, whose, whatever, whoever, whomever, whichever 3) 连接副词:where, when, why, how, wherever, whenever 划出从句部分,并指出是什么从句 That you don’t like him makes him heartbroken. The fact that you don’t like him makes him heartbroken. That is why you don’t like him. We now know that you don’t like him. 连词选择总原则: 看从句中缺少什么成分,根据意思选择适当连接词语;如不缺成分且句意完整,则选 用 that. 一找:从句 二查:缺少什么成分 三选:意思适合的连接词 Have a try: Choose a proper conjunction. 1. _____ has been announced is that we must hand in our graduation papers before the end of June. 2. ___ he always serves the people is well-known. 3. ____ the English evening will be held, on Monday or Tuesday, has not yet been decided. 4. I want to know ____ he has told you. 5. Everything depends on _______ we have money. 6. That is _____ he didn’t come to the meeting. 7. The news ____ we won the game was exciting. 名词性从句连接词的选用 (1) that 和 what 的选用 that 和 what 都可引导所有的名词性从句。但是,______除起连接作用外,还在名词 性从句中充当成分,可作从句的_____、______、或____。而_____在名词性从句中不 充当任何成分,只起_______作用。
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1. ______ he wants is a book. 2. ______ he wants to go there is obvious. 3. The result is ______ we won the game. 4. This is _____ we want to know. 5. I don’t know ____ will happen next. 6. He is no longer ____he used to be. 7. I have no doubt _____ you will succeed. 2.不能使用 if 的情况: a. ________、______、______ 从句。 b. _____词后的宾语从句。 c. 后面直接跟___________当宾语。 d. 与 ______连在一起引导宾语从句。 1. I asked her __________ she had a bike. 2. ________ we will hold a party in the open air tomorrow depends on the weather. 3. We’re worried about ________ he is safe. 4. I don’t know ___________ he is well or not. 5. I don’t know ________ or not he is well. 6. The question is ________ he should do it. 7. The doctor can hardly answer the question ________ the old man will recover soon. 8. I haven’t decided _______ to go there. 高考链接 [例 1].One day, he came up with an idea 35._______he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. (2008 年广东) [例 2].I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to 32. _______should have the honor of receiving me as a guest in their house. (2007 广东) 3.Historically ,it was famous for industry ,which explains16.______the area is called the black country. (2011 年广州一模) 4. Hic ! You’ve just hiccupped(打嗝) for the tenth time since you finished dinner. Wonder 16._________these funny noises are coming from? (2011 年广州二模) 巩固练习 1. They may also take one or more examinations that test 17 well prepared they are for the university. (2011 年揭阳二模) 2. Official figures show __23__400 middle and primary schools in the UK have Chinese language classes. Lessons are also available __24__ college students in many universities, __25____ (include) Oxford and Cambridge.(2011 茂名市高考一模) 3. The Black Country is about 10 miles from Birmingham. Historically, it was famous for industry, which explains __16__ the area is called the Black Country. (2011 广州一模) 4. The doctor explained the situation to her little brother, and asked the boy____20____ he would be willing to give his blood to his sister. I saw him hesitate for only a moment before taking ___21__ deep breath and saying, “Yes, I’ll do it if it can save Lisa. ” (2011 年珠 海一模) 5. Quite confused, I asked:“ Why not? Isn’t that ______ you want? ” (2011 年深圳二模)
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名词性从句在语法填空中的实际运用: Dear teachers, ____makes us depressed ____ we will graduate from No.1 middle school . The reason why we are so sad is ____ we will say goodbye to our lovely teachers and classmates. The days we spent together are full of joys and tears. _____ you are always so strict with us made me hate you. However, you are also ready to give your hand to_______ turns to you for help. Now we understand _____you have tried to do for us _____ you do and say is of great help to us. We don’t care about _______we can survive the struggle———National Entrance Exam or not. _____ we cherish is _____we have enjoyed the process. Thanks for your teaching! Best wishes! Yours, Polo 练习一 Whether Native Americans arrived in Californian 15,000 years ago or 14,000 years ago is not important. Exactly when the first people arrived in 1.______ we now know as California, no one really knows . The fact 2._____ they arrived a long time before Europeans is what matters. I believe 3._____the Native Americans were treated badly 4._______ the first Europeans came. However , it is likely 5._______ Native Americans were living in California at least 15,000 years ago. Scientists believe 6._______these settles crossed the Bering Strait in the Arctic to American by means of a bridge 7.______ existed in prehistoric times. What’s more, 8._________attracts people to Californian is its pleasant climate and relaxed lifestyle. This is 9.________each year a great number of people from all over try to immigrate to Californian. However, most applications know 10.______they have little chance of getting a visa. 练习二 At lunch time, the radio weatherman reported ____ the mist would become a thick fog in the afternoon. Now ,the truth is ___the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. Besides, _____surprised me most was that the old man couldn’t see anything. The fact _____Polly didn’t ask for the man’s name is a pity. 练习三 Chinese people suffered from poverty before the reforms in 1978, and the dreams1.______they could live a well-off were obvious . Luckily, the development of new China made the Chinese believe 2._____ powerful their country is and 3._____ they are leading a happy life. Thousands of migrant works are the greatest contributors to this achievement. To show 4.______ they can do and 5.______ they really are, they moved from countries to cities 6.________ they can fulfill their dreams. They know 7.______ they should get up and 8._______ they should go to earn their living. Actually , they have made great contributions to the boom of the cities by means of hard work although they are not sure 9.______ they are heroes or not in the society. What’s more, 10. ______worries them most is their children can’t receive good education.
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练习四 An English proverb says __1___ time is money. But I doubt ____2___ it is really true or no t. In my opinion, time is even ___3___precious than money. Why?___4___when money is spent, we can earn it back. However, when time is ___5____(go) , it will never return. ___ 6__ is known to all that the time we can use is limited. Therefore my suggestion is that we __7___ (make) full use of our time to study hard so as to serve our country in the future. B ut it is a pity __8__ there are a lot of people who do not realize time is of great value and _9__wasting time is equal to wasting their life. They spend their precious time smoking, drinking and playing. In a word, we should form the good habit of saving time. Do not put off ___10___ can be done today until tomorrow. 名词性从句在写作中的实际运用 写作中,得高分的方法之一: 改造低级句型,让你的英语靓起来. 原句:He gave me something. And it was a Christmas present and a heart full of love. 原句(1) Some of the happiest people in the world are those people. (2) Those people help to bring happiness to others. (3) Volunteers believe it . 前 2 句可以合成定语从句,再与第 3 句合成宾语从句

1.调查表明一半的女孩选择电影或者电视明星作为他们的偶像(idols),而 48%的男孩 支持喜欢体育明星。 (07 基础写作) The survey ____________________________________________________ while 48% of the boys favor sports stars. 2.他也指出导致近视( short-sightedness)的原因是如此的复杂,到目前为止没有哪一 种药物能治愈近视 。 (09 基础写作) What he also pointed out is __________________________________________________ and that up till now no medicine can cure short-sightedness. 3.建议: 我们学生不要过度用眼;多参加户外活动。 ( 09 基础写作) ______________________________________________and it’s of great help to our eye health to participate in more outdoor activities 4.同时,专家的另外一个建议是这个问题写作时如何握笔有关 。 (09 基础写作) Meanwhile another tip from the experts _____________________________________________ ______________________________. 5.在我看来,这些父母所做的已经对他们的发展造成了坏的影响。 (2010 读写任务) In my opinion, _____________________has a bad influence on their children’s development. 利用名词性从句翻译下列句子 1. 最近的一个研究表明,在过去五年里,吸烟者人数急剧上升。
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2. 俗话说有明确目标的人一定会成功。

3.父母对孩子刚上小学就学习外语持有不同的观点。

4. 大多数父母所关心的是向子女提供最好的教育。

5.在他看来,生活中的成功主要取决于是否能与他人融洽相处 6.最进,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下问题受到关注。

7.在现代社会,越来越多的中国人买车的原因是他们需要车做生意节约时间

名词性从句用于写作 My name is ?, I am happy to introduce myself to you. 我最喜欢的是远动和英语 (主 语从句) ,我也喜欢交朋友和乐于助人。在我看来,生活中的成功主要取决于是否能 与他人融洽相处(宾语从句 ),我确信我能成为你们的好朋友( 宾语从句 ) 。 众 所周知,有明确目标(a settled purpose)的人一定会成功(主语从句) ,我的愿望是被 我梦想中的重点大学录取, (表语从句) 可是事实是我的成绩不是很理想 (同位从句) 。 总之,我必须加倍努力来实现我的梦想。 My name is Judy, __________________(我最喜欢的是)are sports and English. Besides, I like making friends and I am ready to help others. In my opinion, success in life depends mainly on____________________________________( 一个人是否能与他人融洽相处 ). I’m sure_________________________(我能成为你们的好朋友). It is known that a man who has a settled purpose will surely succeed. My hope is ______________________________________( 我 的 愿 望 是 被 重 点 大 学 录 取 )I ’ m dreaming of. However, it is a fact_____________________(我的学习成绩不是很理想). All in all, I will double my efforts to make my dream come true. 基础写作 Mike 和 Sue 决定要买一辆车。显然,他们很想买最贵的,但此刻他们没足够的钱。 此时,他们得到 Sue 的叔叔意外去世的消息, Sue 继承了一大笔钱。在她继承那笔遗 产时,银行告诉她那些她必须遵守的规则,建议她把所有的钱存到银行里,但 Sue 不 同意。她认为把钱拿去消费是正确的,所以她就和 Mike 去买了那辆他们喜欢的车。 写作要求: 1) 用 5 句话表达上述全部内容。 2) 每句话都要用到名词性从句或定语从句。 Mike and Sue made a decision that __________________________. ______________ that they wanted the most expensive one, but they could not afford it at that moment. At that time they heard the news that _________________________________, and Sue received a
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lot of money after his death. Her bank told her the regulations that __________________ ____________________, and suggested that___________________________________, but Sue didn’t agree. She believed that _______________________________, so she and Mike went out and bought the car they wanted. 使用 5 个句子介绍以下所给内容。 (尽量使用名词性从句) 众所周知,3 月 11 日日本发生了地震, 地震发生的原因是大陆运动,结果造成许 多人无家可归,最令我吃惊的是许多汽车也被水冲走了。我不知道他们是否能重建家 园,但我认为竭尽所能帮助他们是我们的责任。我们国家已经提供了帮助的消息使我 感到自豪。

写作内容 1.很多家长和老师把分数视为一切,这种情况很常见。 2.分数只是衡量学生某一段时期的学习成果。 3.成绩好坏并不意味着一个学生的优劣。 4.成绩可以通过自身的努力提高。 5.目前你会感觉辛苦,但将来你会感到快乐。 6.要学会调整心态,争取进步。 7.只要自己付出,就没有什么可后悔的。

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