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---the attributive clause
By Yolanda Ye
Liverpool won the game.
? SVoO ? SVOC
Dinner is at six o’clock.
I sent him a telegram. They elected him president.
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基本概念(definitions) 基本用法(basic usage) 特殊用法(exceptions) 练习巩固(exercises)
代人 who, whom, whose, that, as 关系代词 代物 which, that, whose, as 关系副词 when, where, why
? 限制性定语从句 、 非限制性定语从句
关系词 先行 词
whom whose that
Do you know the man who is talking with your mother?
Mr. Smith is the person with whom I am working. The boy (whom) she loved died in the war.
I like those books whose topics are about history.
The boy whose father works abroad is my classmate.
A plane is a machine that can fly. She is the pop star (that) I want to see very much.
The book (which) I gave you was worth $10. The picture which was about the accident was terrible.
He is such a person as is respected by all of us.
This is the same pen as I lost yesterday.
备注：that, which, whom省略的情况
? 在从句中做宾语时，常可以省略 ? 但介词提前时后面关系代词不能省略，也不可 以用that The school (that / which) he once studied in is very famous. = The school in which he once studied is very famous.
who / that will give ? Do you know the professor _________ us a speech next week? that/ which ? I read a report about his new novel __________ will soon be published. that/which they argued about was ? The plan ___________ settled at last. (who/whom/that) I ? This is the new secretary _______________ would like to introduce to you. whose ? The soldier ________ legs were badly wounded was operated on without delay.
? ? ? ? ? He told me everything that he knows. All the books that you offered have been given out. This is the best film that I have ever read. The first place that they visited in London was the Big Ben. We talked about the persons and things that we remembered. He is the only man that I want to see. Who is the man that is making a speech? There is a seat in the corner that is still free.
? ? ?
?One who has nothing to fear for oneself dares to tell the truth. ?Those who were not fit for their work could not see the beautiful clothes made of the magic cloth. ?He has a son, who has gone abroad for further study. ?I like the person to whom the teacher is talking. ?There was a Mr. Green who wanted to see you.
? I’ve lost my pen, which I like very much. ? The room in which there is a machine is workshop. ? The bread which is made by my mother is better than that which is sold in food shops.
Use proper relative pronouns to finish the following exercise:
1. I hate people _______ who don’t have a sense of time.
that 2. Mount Everest is the highest mountain ________ man has been to. that I know. 3. I’ve told you everything ______
who 4. He is the one _______ helped me a lot when I was in trouble. that 5. This is the first time _______ he has seen a celebrity himself. whose speech moved everybody at the 6. The man ________ meeting is a famous politician. that 7. He’s looking at the only photo _______ he has for his parents.
(六) 介词 + 关系代词
? The school (that / which) he once studied in is very famous. ? The school in which he once studied in is very famous. 注意：1.含有介词的动词短语一般不拆开使用， 如look for, look after, take care of. This is the watch which/that I am looking for. 2.前置介词的宾语，用whom, which,或 whose + n. The man with whom you talked is my friend.
(七) 关系代词 VS 关系副词
? This is the mountain village where I stayed last year. ? This is the mountain village which I visited last year. ? I’ll never forget the days when I worked together with you. ? I’ll never forget the days which I spent in the countryside.
D ? Is this museum ____ you visited a few days ago? A ? Is this the museum ___ the exhibition was held.
A. where C. on which
B. that D. the one
Why = for which When = in which / at which Where = in which / at which
? As is known to all, china is a developing country. ? John, as you know, is a famous writer. ? He has been to Paris more than several times, which I don’t believe. ? 位置差别、意义差别
? such/so…as ? the same… as
Exercises: Choose the proper relative pronouns to finish the following clauses: who, where, that, which, whose, whom 1. He would hire a man ________ who they say is a good programmer. whom 2. He is a man _________ you can safely depend on. 3. The small town _________ he grew up as a child has where turned into a big city. that 4. The only thing _________ I can do is to wait. 5. This is the library __________ which/that he loves best. whose 6. The man __________ mustache is grey is ninety years old now.
? Correct dictation book ? Textbook: p.9 find out all the attributive clauses
and take them down to dictation
book and number them.
? Memorize the example sentences on page 13-14 in our exercisebook.
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