语法填空的考查范围： 1 语境(上下文） ； 2 语法：动词（时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式） 、名词、代词、冠词、介词、固定搭配、情态 动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级最高级及构词法、倒装等。 语法填空的能力要求： 1.阅读/理解语篇的能力 2.分析句子结构的能力 3.熟练运用语法的能力 4.单词拼写能力 简单句： 五种基本句型 转折 因
果 联合 选择 名词性从句
句子的 类型 复合句
主语从句 宾语从句 表语从句 同位语从句 定语从句 时间，地点 原因，目的 结果，条件 方式，让步
一、动词(谓语/非谓语) 给出动词的原形，根据句子结构的需要给出其适当的形式。填动词形式， 首先抓住主谓结构，确定主句，剩下的部分，如有连词，则是句子，仍然有主谓结构，否则就用 非谓语；是谓语就思考时态，语态，主谓一致，是非谓语就看主动被动，有否先后关系。 1. … Ms Chen (teach) me English since Junior 1, and to show my appreciation I decided to get her a present. 2. … I was certain she would like it because I (tell) by my classmates that she loved hot food.… The exam, which was originally to be held in our classroom,__________ (change) to the library at the last minute. . 3. I had to leave work to take him to the hospital because he __________ (break) his finger. 4. The child, Nicole Hobson, (take) by her mother to Children's Memorial Hospital about 11 p.m., Wednesday to check … 5. A transit spokesman said the driver should (make) radio call to the control center for help. 6. An official from the Ministry of Education said that China follows an educational policy that (encourage) students to study abroad.
8. One of them was a visitor, saying he wouldn’t have been there if he ______ (watch)the weather forecast the day before. 9 We must also consider the reaction of the person (receive) the gift. 10… With the problem (solve), I felt proud of my achievement. . 11… I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left_________ (complete) the rest. . 12. There, (place) neatly beside the empty dish ,were two nickels and five pennies—her tip! 13. ( compare) with the previous year, the number of students who went abroad for study was increased by 15 ,000, or a rise of 13%. 14. Storms swept along New Mexico's border with Texas on Friday, ______(destroy) homes and other buildings and injuring… 15．We must practise speaking and (write) the language whenever we can. 二、代词 挖掉代词，句子的结构受到破坏，句子间出现不连贯。 1. …I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help relax . （广州二模） 2. The little boy pulled right hand out of the pocket and studied a number of coins in it. （深一 模） 3. …the driver did to help and even stopped once to pick up more passengers.（汕头二模） 4．If you give your children … that they can never do anything quite right, then they will regard as unfit or unable persons. （深圳罗湖） 5. Some 134,000 Chinese students went to study abroad, and 120,000 of were self-funded students,…（茂名二模） 6．Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear spoken.（佛山一模） 三、定语从句的引导词． 必须根据定语从句的信息和先行词进行推断，从而补出引导词，这本身就 是考查逻辑思维能力。 1.…The exam, was originally to be held in our classroom, was changed to the library at the last minute.(广州二模) 2… Then I went to the department store I worked part-time and bought her an expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. 3. It was a poem about me, ______ included the time … 4.At the same time, there had been a growing number of overseas students _______came back to China after study. 5. More and more Chinese students go abroad for study, is supported by the Chinese government. 四、连词(从属连词/并列连词) A) 引导各种从句的连词叫从属连词。如名词性从句的引导词 what, who, which, when, where, whatever, whoever, whichever, whether；副词从句引导词 where, wherever, when, if , how, unless, until …
1. … Many things must be considered such as the person is interested in and how old he is. 2.My face turned red on hearing __ my mother said. 3. she would point out they had mastered and declared firmly they could learn what they had missed. 4 ． The American Academy of Pediatrics ( 儿科 ) says children really need for health development is more good, old-fashioned playtime. 5. I almost started to yell his name _____ I suddenly remembered he was in bed asleep. 6. children believe they can succeed, they will never become totally independent. 7. Statistics show that China carried out the opening - up policy, a total of one million students have gone abroad for study. 8． we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. 9. Some people, however, maintain that this is precisely _________ the danger lies. B) 并列句的各种关联词叫并列连词。如 and, but, or, though, although, so… 挖掉关联词，要想补上 连词，思路必须与作者思路相吻合。 1．… I had no idea how to do it. I tried to stay positive and persevered I finally found the solution. 2．… I asked my classmates about her interest I made my final decision. 3.Tom, an 8—year—old boy, entered a hotel coffee shop sat at a table. 4. It is difficult for parents of nearly every family to teach their children to be responsible for housework, with one of the following suggestions, you really can get your children to help at home. 五、挖掉表示起承转合的副词或副词性短语 此功能于关联词相似。只是这种副词（短语）在用法上 更 加 灵 活 多 变 。 典 型 的 有 though, however, also, therefore, still, besides, in addition, instead, or ,otherwise，first, second, then, finally, in a word 等等。 1．This, , didn’t bother me because maths had always been my strongest subject. 2. Don’t always scold and give lots of praise . 六、特殊句型（或固定短语） 考查对固定结构（短语）的熟悉掌握程度。属于字词层面考查语 法。 1.It was not long the waitress came back and then she began to wipe down the table. 2. … was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn’t eat MSG! （广州一 模） 3. So careless was I _______ I had forgotten all about that. （深二模） 4.…"as a matter of _ , you have done well and made great achievement…(惠州一模) 5．When Carettson, 29, a passenger, was trying to bring Nicole's life…（汕头二模） 6. The child was stricken about a mile away the hospital. （汕头二模） 七、冠词 1．… But my mood quickly changed when I saw_____ first question. (广州二模) 2… Then I went to the department store … and bought her expensive gift box of
Sichuan beef. .(广州一模) 3. Tom, 8—year—old boy, entered a hotel coffee shop. （深一模） 4．He talked about how I wrestled with him in the evenings and _____ good many other things. （深二 模） 5. I told the bus driver that my baby had just had heart operation and that she was having ____ heart failure. 6.Television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also _____ comparatively cheap one.（东莞一模） 八、词形变化或者词性变化．给出单词的原形，通过句子分析，缺少什么成分，再用正确的单词形 式补充完整。这属于比较基础的单词拼写方面的能力要求。 1… Mr Chen has taught me English since Junior 1, and to show my (appreciate) I decided to get her a present. (广州一模) 2. … (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes to complete the rest. (广州二模) 3. Some people were now waiting for her service and the waitress grew a bit (patience). （深一模） 4. “Thirty-five cents,” she said (rude). （深一模） 5. I don’t know if he placed the poem next to the failing grade to ______ (soft) the blow, but it work. （深 二模） 6. I must know how to care for others and try not to (understand) them. (惠州一模) 7. you have done well and made great achievement in the _ (entertain) field. (惠一模) 8. These people have made great (contribute) to China with their work.（茂名二模） 9. …to check her (recent) inserted (插入) pacemaker. （汕头二模） 10．The tornadoes damaged several______(new) built buildings,…(梅州二模) 11．Numerous studies have shown that free play is very (benefit). It can help children become creative…(四校联考) 12 they can see plays, films, operas, and shows of every kind, not to mention the latest _______ (excite) football match. 九、介词或数词 1.I was always told that the three Ps,…,were a sure path_______ success. (广 州二模) 2．"Don't be always particular _ your present work and income. (惠州一模) 3. It began to make sense to me that I could include praise along ______ constructive criticism. （深二模） 4. He showed the public a limited edition four-wheel drive car, which is especially made _______his personal taste. (梅州一模) 5. Five were in critical condition______ head trauma(外伤, 损伤), said Liz Crouch, the center's chief operating officer. (梅州二模) 6．There is no easy way to success language learning. 7. It was his ______ (nine ) year of school. （深二模）
十、形容词/副词 1. One of the (bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher, Ms Chen. （广州 一模） 2. I put the paper aside and turned to the _____ one, at the top of which…（深二模） 3. Many other actors are __ __ (badly)off than me at present,…(惠州一模) 4. In 2006, over 40,000 overseas students came back, with 33,000 of them being self-fund students, 20% than the year before. （茂名二模）
2009 高考英语语法填空强化训练 18 篇 阅读下面短文，根据上下文填入适当的词语，或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空，并将答案填写 在答题卡上标号的相应位置。 (1) In the United States, there were 222 people ____1__ (report) to be billionaires(亿万富翁) in 2003. The ____2_____of these is Bill Gates, worth at least $ 41 billion, who made his money ____3__ __starting the company Microsoft. Mr. Gates was only 21 years old _____4_______he first helped to set up the company in 1976. He was a billionaire _____5___ the time he was 31. ___6___, there are still some other people who have made lots of money at even ____7____ (young) ages. Other young people who have struck it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. ____8__ of these child actors made over a million dollars ___9___ (act) in movies before they were 14. But ___10__ youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurn und Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inheri ted (继承) a billion dollars when he turned 18! (2) Finishing their shopping at the mall, a couple discovered that their new car ___1__ (steal) .They f iled a report____2____ the police station and a detective drove them ____3____ to the parking lot to look for evidence. To their ____4____ (amaze), the car had been returned ___5______ there was a note in it that sai d: “I apologize for taking your car. My wife was having a baby and I had to rush her to the ___ _6_____. Please forget the inconvenience. There are two tickets ____7____ tonight's Mania Twain concert.” Their faith in humanity restored. The couple attended ____8____ concert. But when they returned home, they immediately found ____9______their house had been ransacked (洗劫). On the bathroo m mirror was ____10___ note: “I have to put my kid through college somehow, don't I?” (3) People ___1__ (live) in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fi fteen hundred _____2_____ in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large di
ctionary, for example, contains four ___3___ five hundred thousand words. But we do not need __ __4____ these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. ____5___ __ you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary ______ 6___ (big). Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books _____7____ (write) in easy English. You will enjoy them. When you meet _____8____ new word, look it ____9_____ in yo ur dictionary. Your dictionary is your _____10_____ (much) useful book. (4) When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets ____1_____ the traffic drives o n the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first ____2___ then the left. In th e morning and in the evening when people go to or come from ____3____, the streets are very b usy. Traffic is most ____4___ (danger) then. When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, __5___. Always remember the traffic m oves on the left. So you must be careful. _____6____ (have) a look first, or you will go ____7__ __ wrong way. In many English cities, there are big buses ____8____ two floors. You can sit on the _____9___ (two) floor. From ____10_____ you can see the city very well. It’s very interesting. (5) ____1____ artist had a small daughter. Sometimes he painted women ___2____ any clothes on, an d he and his ____3____ always tried to keep the small girl out ____4____ he was doing this, “S he is _5_____ young to understand,” they said. But one day, when the artist _____6_____ (paint) a woman with no clothes on, he forgot to lock the door, and the girl suddenly ran into the room. He mother ran up the stairs ___7___ her, but when she got to the room, the little girl was already in the room and looking at the woman. __ ___8_____ her parents waited for her to speak. For a few seconds the little girl said ____9_____, but then she ran to her mother and said ____1 0___ (angry), “Why do you let her go about without shoes and socks on when you don’t let m e?” (6) Most Americans don’t like to get advice ____1___ members of their family. They get advice from “_____2___ (strange)”. When they need advice, they don’t usually go to people they know. ___3 ___ many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines _____4___ give advice on many diff erent subjects ______5___ (include) family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child ca re, clothes, ____6___ even on how to buy a house or a car. Most newspapers _____7_____ (regular) print letters from readers with problems. Along with the l etters there are _____8___ written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such proble
ms. Some of these writers are doctors, ____9____ are lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special ____10___ (train) for this kind of work. (7) Without proper planning, tourism can cause______1____. For example, too many tourists can cro wd public places _____2_____ are also enjoyed by the inhabitants(居民) of a country. If tourism c reate too much traffic, the inhabitants will become _____3_____ (annoy) and unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists ____4__ to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help the country’s economy. ______5___ is important to think about the people of a destination country an d _____6______ tourism affects them. Tourism should help _____7_____ country keep the customs and beauty that attracts tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and _____8_____ (happy) of local inhabitants. Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism ______9____ (grow) too quickly, people must l eave other jobs to work _____10______ the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the c ountry’s economy can suffer. (8) London was awarded _____1____ 2012 Olympic Games on Wednesday, ______2____ (defeat) Eur opean rival Paris in the final round of voting to take the games back to British capital ______3__ _ the first time since 1948. _____4_____ Moscow, New York and Madrid were eliminated (淘汰) in the first three rounds Lo ndon beat Paris 54—50 on the fourth ballot(投票表决) of the IOC. In London crowds cheered and waved flags as _____5____ watched the announcement from Singa pore _____6_____ a giant screen in Trafalgar Square and in the east London area _____7____ the main Olympic complex (建筑群) will be based. Blair spent two days in lobbying(游说) in Singapore ____8___ leaving to host the G8 summit (8 国峰会) in Scotland. “My promise to you is we will be your very ______9___ (good) partners,” Blair said. It’s the fourth bid (申办) from Britain after _____10____ (fail) attempts by Birmingha m for the 1992 Olympics and Manchester for the 1996 and 2000. (9) Why is setting goals so ______1_____? Because goals can help you do, be, and experience everything ____2_____ you want in life. Instead _____3____ just letting life happen to you, goals allow ______4_____ to make your life happen. _____5____ (success) and happy people have sets lots of goals to help them reach their aims. By setting goals you are taking control of your life. It’s _____6____ having a map to show you _____7____ you want to go. Winners in life set goals and follow through with them. Winners decide what they want in life and then get there by making plans and _____8_____ (set) goals. Unsuccessful people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren’t difficult to set, and _____9_____aren’t difficult to reach. It is up to you to find out what your goals really are. You are ______10______one who must decide what to do and in what
direction to aim your life. (10) We often think of future. We often wonder ____1_the world will be like a hundred years’ time. Think of ____2___ space. Perhaps a permanent station on the moon _____3_____ (set up). Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon as _____4______. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, _____5___ (permit) long journeys through the solar system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space and visiting _____6____ planets. Great progress will have been made _____7___ medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred years’ time. _____8___ the world will have been developed—even Antarctica. We will have used up most of the earth’s land to build our cities, _____9______ floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already plans of this kind. And there will be cities ____10____ the sea. (11) In the small towns of the United States in the 1 (nineteen) century, the general store was 2 everyone bought the things he couldn’t make 3 grow at home. What the stores sold 4 (tell) a great deal about 5 life at that time. People bought tools that they needed for farm work; salt, sugar and 6 foods that the farm didn’t produce; articles of clothing that they couldn’t make 7 ; shirts for the men; or clothes for the children. Life was simple then. One feels that people were 8 (thank) for what they had and that they looked 9 with courage to whatever the future brought. It would be interesting to know how they would feel about the life today. Would it seem to them that life is too complex? Would they enjoy 10 (live) a life as we do now? (12) Do you feel 1 difficult to be happy all the time? Now I’ll give you some tips 2 how to make yourself happy. One way is being 3 (self) because unselfishness is the key factor 4 (require) if you want to get along well with others. By 5 (say) being unselfish we mean we 6 not want everything our own way or demand the best share of everything. Another way is to look for good points in 7 people. You’ll find most people pleasant to go with and it will surely make you happy. Third, you can not expect to be too perfect, 8 don’t be too unhappy when you make a mistake. Everything will be OK if you try to make things right. Finally, it is important to remember that while you are not 9 (bad) that others, chances you have may not be much better. In this case, 10 surest way to be happy is to think yourself above other people. (13) We may be very 1 (please) with the rapid progress we have made in every field of study, but we have almost done nothing to improve our present 2 (exam) systems which focus 3 testing the students’ memory instead of their 4 (able). As soon as a child begins schoo, he enters a world of examination 5 will decide his future of job. In fact a good examination stystem should
encourage students to think for themselves. But the examination now does anything but that. It forces the students to remember 6 is taught to get high marks. Thus the students who come out first in the examination often many be the 7 (good) in their studies. In addition, such 8 examination system often drives teachers to cram all the time and forces them to train students what to do with the 9 (come) examination. There must be a better way to test a student’s true ability as 10 as their knowledge. (14) More American people take their troubles with them on holiday, according 1 a new survey. Although 40 percent said that the main reason for going away is to escape 2 (press) from work, almost all said they worry more 3 they do at home. Only fore in every one hundred said that they are happy and free of care. The most common worry is burglary（入室盗窃）, with four out of ten worrying about their homes 4 (break) into while they are abroad. More than a quarter feel they will feel crazy 5 some other noisy and rough holiday-makers and twenty-two percent worry they may be attacked 6 their possessions will be 7 (miss). The survey also showed 8 the stay-at home Americans are no more. Three out of every five want to have a holiday abroad, which was 9 increase from the figures only three years ago. The hotel holiday is still a winner, with about one third of all Americans 10 (prefer) to go on a self-catering（自助） holiday. (15) Many Chinese believe 1 (eat) pig brains will increase their intelligence and some Americans regularly eat 2 (cook) eggs to keep their minds sharp. 3 , doctor don’t recommend to eat 4 raw eggs or animal brains. Then, what food is good for your brain? Scientists have found 5 relationship 6 diet and a healthy brain. Generally speaking, fish is a brain food. Besides fish, you should introduce lots of dark green leafy vegetables and colorful fruits into your diet 7 most people lack the special vitamins 8 these brain food provide. If you eat brain foods 9 (regular), they can increase brain power ---help you pay attention, keep you motivated, improve your memory and 10 ( less) stress from studies. Then you can do much better in your test. (16) Millions 1 words have been said about young people in the United States. There are reasons for this great interest in their ideas, 2 (feel) and actions. Today there are about eight million Americans in the colleges and universities. The young under twenty-five make 3 nearly half of the American population, many of 4 will be in power in the U.S.. 5 (nature), their ideas are important to everyone in the country, and 6 is necessary for the older people to understand 7 they think and feel. College students today have strong opinions about right and 8 . They are deeply interested in making a 9 (good) life for all the people, especially for those who have never 10 (give) a fair chance before.
(17) Liu Xiang was the first Asian ______1_____ (win) the men’s 110m hurdles at the Olympics in Athens. ______2____ that he became an idol(偶像) to the young people. “I never thought I would run under 13 seconds and break the Olympic ____3____.”said Liu Xiang in tears, “I am very very excited. I’m proud not just for myself and for Chinese ____4____ for Asia. My race went ______5_____ (wonderful) from start to finish.” Liu added. “It is _____6_____ amazing experience being the Olympic champion. I want to thank my coach and my friends for _____7____their help. I think today we Chinese have showed the world we ____8_____ run as fast as anybody else.” Since his return from Athens, Liu Xiang has been at the center of a media circus and he has been to many press appearances and meetings. ____9____ Liu thinks 2004 is just the beginning, and he expects to be at his peak in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Liu said, “For some players, it’s just a job. For me, it’s ____10____ I love.” (18) Life is difficult. But life is no longer difficult once we truly understand and accept it. Most do not fully see this truth. ___1___ they complain about their problems and difficulties as if life should be easy. It seems to them that difficulties represent ___2___special kind of suffering especially forced upon them or else upon their families, their class, or even their nation. ___3___ makes life difficult is that the process of facing and solving problems ___4___ painful. Problems, ___5___ (depend) on their nature, cause us sadness or loneliness or regret or anger or fear. These are ___6___ (comfort) feelings, often as any kind of physical pain. And since life causes an endless series of problems, life is always difficult and is full of pain as well as joy. Yet it is in this whole process of solving problems that life has its meaning. Problems are the serious test that tells success from___7___ (fail). When we desire to encourage the growth of the human spirit, we encourage the human ability to solve problems just as in school we set problems for our children __8___(solve). It is through the pain of meeting and working out problems ___9___we learn. As Benjamin Franklin said, “Those things that hurt , instruct.” It is ___10___this reason that wise people learn not to fear but to welcome the pain of problems. Keys: (1) 1. reported 2. richest/wealthiest 3. by 4. when 5. by 6. However 7. younger 8. Both 9. acting 10. the (2) 1. had been stolen 2. at 3. back 4. amazement 5. and 6. hospital 7.for 8. the 9. that 10. another (3) 1. living 2. languages 3. or 4. all 5. Before 6. bigger 7. written 8. a 9. up 10. most (4) 1. because 2. and 3. work 4. dangerous 5. too 6. Have 7. the 8 .with 9. second 10. there (5) 1. An 2. without 3. wife 4. when/while 5. too 6. was painting 7. after 8. Both 9. nothing 10.
angrily (6) 1. from 2.strangers 3 .Instead 4. that/which 5. including 6. and 7. regularly 8. answers 9. others 10. training (7) 1. problems 2 that/which 3. annoyed 4. and 5. It 6. how 7. a 8. happiness 9. grows 10 in (8) 1. the 2 .defeating 3. for 4. After 5 .they 6. on 7. where 8. before 9 .best 10 failed (9) 1. important 2. that 3. of 4. yourself 5. Successful 6 .like 7. where 8. setting 9 they 10 the (10) 1. what 2. / 3. will have been set up 4. tourists/visitors/travelers 5. permitting 6. other 7. in 8 .All 9. so/thus/therefore 10. under (11)1. nineteenth 2. where 3. or 4. tells 5. the 6. other 7. themselves 8. thankful 9. forward 10. living (12) 1. it 2. on 3. unselfish 4. required 5. saying 6. should 7. other 8. so 9. worse 10. the (13) 1. pleased 2. examination 3. on 4. ability 5. which/ that 6. what 7. best 8. an 9. coming 10. well (14) 1. to 2. pressure 3. than 4. being broken 5. with 6. or 7. missing 8. that 9. an 10. preferring (15) 1. eating 2. uncooked 3. However 4. either 5. a 6. between 7. because 8. that 9. regularly 10. lessen (16)1. of 2. feelings 3. up 4. whom 5. Naturally 6. it 7. what 8. wrong 9. better 10. been given (17) 1. to win 2. after 3.record 4. but (also) 5. wonderfully 6.an 7. all 8.can 9. But 10.what (18) 1. Instead 2.a 3. What 4.is 5.depending 6. uncomfortable 7.failure 8. to solve 9. that 10. for