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高考英语写作技巧


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高考英语写作技巧
一, 高考英语书面表达基本策略: 仔细审题。 如果是看图写文,看懂每幅图之间的联系至关重要。 写要点。据每幅图写出一至两句话。因为每年高考书面表达一般控制在 10 句话,120 个词左右。 连句成文。每句话写好后,用适当的连词连接起来,使之上下连贯,呼应,通顺,简洁。 查错漏。完稿后,检查一下有没有时态,语态,拼写错误并逐一加以改正。 卷面整洁。卷面整洁干净甚至比准确,通顺,简介更重要。因为整洁干净给阅卷人精神 上带来愉悦,相对而言,分数自然要给得高一些。 为了帮助同学们在平时写作练习的时候时刻牢记这些写作的基本要领,特编顺口溜如 下:细审题,巧构思,列要点,防遗漏。写日记,同汉语;书信,通知格式要牢记。看清图 表细梳理,写人记事按顺序;完稿后查遗漏,整洁干净莫忘记。 二, 高考英语书面表达高分策略:从遣词,造句,谋篇三个方面分析。 遣词的原则:使用高等级词汇及短语, 如果仅仅记住几个简单基础的词汇,而且一味的 重复低水平的英语知识点,还远远没有达到大学的入学要求。这就要求考生在平时的训练和 考试当中,有意识的强化“复杂,高级”这两个概念,使自己的作文能力区别于普通学生的 作 文,使自己一下子就站在一个比别人高的位置上,充分显示自己的实力。 平时学习过程中注意总结各种各样的词汇。以描述人物的词汇为例: 表达人物爱憎感情: like, love, be interested in, be fond of… hate, dislike, be tired of, lose interest in… happy, excited, pleased, satisfied, angry, sad, worried, disappointed, terrified, mad, frightened… …. 造句的原则: 句式多变,语法活用,句子是表达一个完整意思的最小当位,所以造句能 力在英文写作中是非常重要的。好的英语句子能够生动,形象,准确的表达内容。所以要想 写出漂亮的书面表达,必须从写好句子开始。 谋篇的原则: 满分作文都有个共性就是有效地使用了语句间的连接成分, 使全文结构紧凑。 文章的连 贯性和紧凑感是很重要的。 句子作为最小的表达意思的语言当位如果只是被随意的整合, 是 无法达到有效表达的目的。 常见的句子之间的连接手段有: 使用代词指代上一句中的名词 重复使用上一句中的词 使用连接词 使用平行结构 高考大纲中常用的连接词: 1

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表并列补充关系的: what is more, besides, also, as well, moreover, furthermore, in addition, 表转折对比关系的: but, however, yet, instead, on the other hand, on the contrary, although, different from, in contrast to, despite, in spite of, whereas, unlike, nevertheless, not only…but also, here…there, years ago…today, this…that, the former…the latter, then…now, the first…whereas the second, once…now, on the one hand…on the other hand, some…others, 表因果关系的: since, as, because (of), for, so, thus, therefore, as a result, so that, 表条件关系的: if, on the condition (that), as long as, unless, or else, 表时间关系的: when, after, before, until, as soon as, later, afterwards, soon, lately, recently, since, from then on, eventually, in the meantime, then, suddenly, at the same time, next, early this morning/year/century, after an interval, now, after, presently, later, afterward, somewhat later, finally, at last, all of a sudden, 表特定的顺序关系: above all, first of all, firstly, first, secondly, the , next, finally, in the end, at last, 表换一种方式表达: in other words, that is to say, to put it another way, 表进行举例说明: for instance, for example, like, such as, 表陈述事实: in fact, actually, as a matter of fact, to tell you the truth 表总结: on the whole, in short, all in all, general, in a word, in conclusion, in closing, in summary. 考试作文经典妙语集锦 topic 1:people attend college or university for many different reasons(for example ,new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). why do think people attend college or university? use special reasons and examples to support your answer. 1 students have ample opportunity to explore a variety of interests, increase both their general and specific knowledge, prepare for a choosen career and develop independence. 2 all of these are valuable goals to achieve, but it is my belief that most students today purse higher education insgroupsto prepare for their future careers. 3 the world has changed a great deal since universities were established. topic 2:do you agree or disagree with the following statement? parents are the best teachers. use special reasons and examples to support your answer. 1 frist ,our parents begin teaching us the moment we are born, and what they teach us in those early years are the most important we can learn. 2 in addition, they teach us how to be independent and how to learn. 3 inally, our parents are devoted teachers who always want the best for us. topic 3: food has become easier to prepare.has this change improved the way people live ? use special reasons and examples to support your answer. 1 in the past , preparing a meal was a long and laborious process. 2 meals can now be prepared in a matter of minutes rather than hours. 2

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3 most importantly ,because food preparation is no longer such a time - consuming process, people have more time for other things. 英语谚语佳句 A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真情。 All good things come to an end. 天下没有不散的筵席。 All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。 All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 只会用功不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。 A miss is as good as a mile. 失之毫厘,差之千里。 A new broom sweeps clean. 新官上任三把火。 An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. 以眼还眼,以牙还牙。 Constant dripping wears away a stone. 水滴石穿,绳锯木断。 Do as you would be done by. 己所不欲,勿施于人。 Doing is better than saying. 与其挂在嘴上,不如落实在行动上。 Fact speak louder than words. 事实胜于雄辩。 Failure is the mother of success. 失败是成功之母。 It is never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。 Love me, love my dog. 爱屋及乌。 The die is cast. 木已成舟。 The early bird catches the worm. 早起的鸟儿有虫吃。 Time flies. 光阴似箭。 Time is money. 时间就是金钱。 Unity is strength. 团结就是力量。 Until all is over one's ambition never dies. 不到黄河心不死。 3

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Water dropping day by day wears the hardest rock away. 滴水穿石。 Wealth is nothing without health. 失去健康,钱再多也没用。 What's done cannot be undone. 生米煮成熟饭了。 Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。 Where there is life, there is hope. 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。 You cannot eat your cake and have it. 鱼与熊掌,不可得兼。 You can take a horse to the water but you cannot make him drink. 强扭的瓜不甜。 快捷提高英语写作分 86 个词组 1.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy 2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长 the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard 3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology 4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges 5. 社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of socil development 6. 引起了广人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that?泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention 7.不可否认 It is undeniable that?/ There is no denying that? 8.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate 9. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue 10.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument 11.一些人 ?而另外一些人 ? Some people? while others? 12. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally, 13.就?达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on? 14.有充分的理由支持 be supported b und reasons 15.双方的论点 argument on both sides 16.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in? 17.对?必不可少 be indispensable to ? 18.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes: 19.?也不例外 ?be no exception 20.对?产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on? 21.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages。 22.导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in 23.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon 4

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24.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement 25. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation 26. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision 27.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills 28.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden 29.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration 30. 从另一个角度 from another perspective 31.做出共同努力 make joint efforts 32. 对?有益 be beneficial / conducive to? 33.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society 34.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for? 35.综合素质 comprehensive quality 36.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach 37.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to? 38. 应当承认 Admittedly, 39.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty 40. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of? 41.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information 42.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources 43.因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母 I 大写) 44.方便快捷 convenient and efficient 45.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life 46.环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly 47.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress 48.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology 49.对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue 50.支持前/后种观点的人 people / those in fovor of the former/ latteropinion 51.有/ 提供如下理由/ 证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence 52.在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way 53. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice 54. ?必然趋势 an irresistible trend of? fierce social competition 56.眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest 57.长远利益. interest in the long run 58.?有其自身的优缺点 ? has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages 59.扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones 5 55.日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly

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60.取其精髓,取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs。 61.对?有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to 62.交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information 63.跟上?的最新发展 keep pace with / catch up with/ keep abreast with the latest development of … 64.采取有效措施来? take effective measures to do sth 65.?的健康发展 the healthy development of ? 66.有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides。 No garden without weeds。 67.对?观点因人而异 Views on ?vary from person to person。 68.重视 attach great importance to? 69.社会地位 social status 70.把时间和精力放在?上 focus time and energy on? 71.扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowledge 72.身心两方面 both physically and mentally 73.有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to? 74. 提出折中提议 set forth a compromise proposal 75. 可以取代 “think”的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion/ belief that 76.缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden 77.优先考虑/发展? give (top) priority to sth。 78.与?比较 compared with?/ in comparison with 79. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary。 80.代替 replace/ substitute / take the place of 81.经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis / cannot hold water 82.提供就业机会 offer job opportunities 83. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress 84.毫无疑问 Undoubtedly, / There is no doubt that? 85.增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding 86.充分利用 make full use of / tak e advantage of

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英语写作 50 篇练习
1.提示 张楠的父亲有位美国同事, 他的孩子约翰史密斯即将来华。 约翰写信向张楠询问一些有关他 所在城市的问题。张楠回信,内容如下: 得知约翰要来非常高兴。告诉他可能遇到一些不同于美国的情况。 气候:冬天冷,有时下雪。夏天几乎不下雨,但一下起来就很大。提醒约翰带雨衣、棉衣。 饮食:饮食与美国很不同,他应尽力适应中国饮食,并要学会如何使用筷子。 最后,请他带一张美国地图,希望早日能见面。 字数:100—120 个词。 2、 (1 分) 日记 1.今天,在学校礼堂举行了开学典礼。 2.全体教师、学生出席,部分科学家和官员也参加。 3. 校长在讲话中希望全体师生在新的学期中再接再厉取得更大进步.并宣布部分同学因在各 种竞赛中获奖而获周培源奖学金。 4.三好学生受到奖励。 5.著名科学家讲话,他讲述了自己的学习经验及科研成功的经验.他的讲话使我深受感动。 参考词汇: 礼堂:auditorium 奖学金:scholarship 3、 (1 分) 提示: 根据以下内容写一篇日记。 1.昨天与同学外出野餐,按计划要爬西山。 2.早上在校门口集合 7 点出发。 3.不久下小雨,继续骑车,一小时后到达山脚。 4.雨停,爬上山顶,领略美景。 5.照像,唱歌,跳跃,做游戏,下棋,午餐,玩得开心。 6.午餐后下山,4 点回家。筋疲力尽。 7.时间 5 月 20 日,星期三。 参考词汇: 野餐:picnic 4、 (1 分) Read this telephone conversation: Lucia: I’m so glad you called me today. I have a big problem I hope you can help me with. Clara: What’s the problem? I’ll help if I can. Lucia: My cousin is coming home tonight from his trip to Europe and I’ m supposed to pick him up at the airport at seven. Clara: Oh? Is your car giving you trouble again? Lucia: No. I just found out I have to work late tonight. Can you possibly pick him up for me? Clara: Sure. What airline is he coming in on? Lucia: Pan Am. Flight 607. Clara: Ok. But how will I recognize him? Lucia: Well, he’s medium height. And average weigh. He wears glasses, and he dresses very well. Clara: That could be almost everyone. Can you be more specific? Lucia: Well, his hair is blond and curly. I almost forget! He has a beard. 7

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Clara: What’s his name? Lucia: Ernic Norton. Clara: Okay, not problem. I’ll find him. Lucia: Thank you so much! At the last minute, Clara was unable to get to the airport. She wrote her brother, Tom, a note describing Ernic so that he would be able to find him. What did Clara’s note say? 5、 (1 分) 提示: 外籍教师 Lynne 任教期满准备回国, 学校答应派车送她去机场。 她在临行前一天写了张便条 提醒办公室李老师: 1.请检查(check on)明天的车是否落实,提醒司机(remind sb. of sth.提醒某人做某事)。 2.她之所以要确定一下,是因为太早不好叫出租车。 3.感谢费心,并感谢一年来的关心。 4.在学校一年来,生活愉快、难忘,很可能再来。 5.留下一些英语书给贵校图书馆,希望对学生有用。 字数:100—120 个词。 6、 (1 分) 提示: 李明的父亲在美国威斯康星大学进修。李明写信给父亲汇报自己的高考情况。 1.考上自己渴望已久的北京大学。 2.学校校园很美,设备良好,有一座很大的图书馆。 3.教师很出色,对学生和蔼耐心。 4.自己对这里的一切非常满意,决心更加刻苦学习。 5.请爸爸不要为自己担心,自己已经长大了,会处理各种事情,并祝父亲身体好。 字数:约 100 个词。 7、 (1 分) 根据下列内容和提示,写一篇口头通知稿。 提示: 1.事由:欢迎日本学生来校参观。 2.参观日期:9 月 15 日。 3.参观时间:上午 9:00 至 12:00。 4.参观人数:约 20 人。 具体安排: 1.9 月 15 日上午 8:45 在校门口集合,欢迎来校参观的日本学生。 2.带客人到接待室(reception room)开联欢会(get-together)。 3.带客人参观图书馆、实验室和校办厂。 4.11:30 和日本学生在食堂共进午餐,并互赠小礼物。 5.客人在 12:00 左右离开学校. 注意: 1.通知稿须包括所给要点,但不要逐条翻译。 2.字数:80—100 个词。 8、 (1 分) 提示: 李明在光明路一家中外合资公司买了一台电冰箱, 使用半年后出现了问题。 即向公司写信要 求来人修理。内容如下: 1.去年我在你们商店买了一台电冰箱,外形和颜色我都很满意。 2.但是,最近发现电冰箱时常发出噪音,从低到高,有时甚至停止工作。 3.我们对此深感失望。希望能尽快派人来修理。来时请打电话联系。电话:6606.5531 8

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我们将在家恭候。 9、 (1 分) 提示: 几位外国旅游者到公园的“英语角”参观。假定你是“英语角”的负责人,请用英语准备一 段介绍,内容如下: 1.简况: “英语角”三年前成立,许多中学参加,至今已有几百人.许多大学生和外国友 人也常光顾。 2.活动内容:练习英语会话,谈论有兴趣的话题,交流学习英语的经验。 3.活动时间:每周日上午。 4.效果:通过参加活动学习了许多东西,对英语课堂学习是一个补充。学生、家长、老 师都非常欢迎,认为对学英语很有帮助。如果还想了解更多,可问在场的学生。 参考词汇: 对??补充:a supplement to? 10、 (1 分) 提示: 假设由你接待一组加拿大中学生代表团。该团经广州、成都等地在北京只逗留两天。团长向 你征求意见在北京先参观何处,请按以下提示提出你的口头建议: 1.首先建议去长城。长城是世界是最长的墙,是世界八大奇观之一,有 20 个世纪的悠 久历史,全部由手工建成,令人惊叹不已。 2.其次是故宫,它建于 1406 年,曾有 24 位皇帝在那儿居住过。皇帝在那儿发号施令。 参观它,可以更多地了解中国历史。 3.对其逗留时间短暂深感遗憾,否则,可以参观许多具有历史意义的地方和景区,如 颐和园、北海公园等。 参考词汇: 发号施令:issue orders 令人惊奇:amazing 11、 (1 分) 假设你是你校京剧爱好者协会的成员, 在一次同英国中学生代表团的联欢活动中, 你协会将 出一个京剧节目。在演出前,由你向外国朋友介绍京剧的由来,按以下提示介绍: 1.京剧在中国很受欢迎,历史悠久,有 200 年历史,在清朝乾隆年间,乾隆对地方剧 有兴趣。 2.1790 年,为庆祝乾隆 80 岁生日,他召集各地方剧团来京为他演出,4 个来自安徽 的剧团在庆典后留在北京。 3.1828 年,一个湖北剧团来京,在京常与安徽剧团一起演出,两种唱派合在一起,逐 渐形成了一种新剧种,被称为京剧。 4.下面演出开始,希望朋友们喜欢。 参考词汇: 地方剧:local opera 乾隆年间:the reign of Qianlong 表演:perform 剧团:troupe 12、 (1 分) 你昨天去游泳患了感冒, 今天早上头痛, 医生让你休息两天。 你用英语给老师写一个请假条。 13、 (1 分) 假设你是学生会的负责人, 你们要组织一次英语讲座, 请用英语写一个通知, 把讲座的安排: 时间,地点,主讲人,内容,以及注意事项通知大家。 14、 (1 分) 李华父亲的朋友陈伟是在美国居住多年的华裔。 因陈伟的儿子陈小明明年要来大陆李华学校 9

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学汉语,陈小明来信询问学校情况,以下是小华回信的内容。 1.听说你明年来我校学习,我们很高兴。 2.我校是一所具有 80 年历史的老学校。 3.学校很美,有许多花草树木,两座教学大楼,一座宿舍楼。 4.学校设备优良,有体育馆、计算机室和大图书馆等。学生除正式课程外,还有许多 选修课,如:油画、打字、烹调等。 5.最重要的是,学校有许多优秀教师,课程有趣,老师既有知识又和蔼,非常愿意帮 助我们,我爱我们的学校,我真希望你也能喜欢我们的学校。 参考词汇: 选修课:elective 体育馆:gym 宿舍楼:dormitory building 15、 (1 分) 写信向友人介绍作家鲁迅。 魏明的美国朋友杰克开始学习中国文学,来信询问鲁迅其人及作品。魏明回信介绍鲁迅: 1.鲁迅是著名的中国作家。他不仅是作家,思想家,而且还是中国现代文学的开创者。 2.他的小说被译成多种文字,并被制成电影,如《阿 Q 正传》 、 《祝福》这两部影片 深刻地揭露了旧社会。毛主席对他有高度评价。他的一些作品还被选入了中学和大 学课本。 3.认为读鲁迅作品对他很有益处。 参考词汇: 创始人:Founder 中国文学:Chinese Literature 阿 Q 正传:The True Story of AH Q 祝福:The New Year’s Sacrifice 16、 (1 分) 提示:为引进外资,进一步加快你家乡 A 城改革开放。你向一位外商介绍你家乡 A 城。 1.A 城是一新开发的经济特区。它是一座具有三十万人口的临海小城。 2.解放前是一个小渔村,以渔业为主,没有工业,只有几所小学。 3.改革开放以来,许多外商到这里投资,经济增长很快,建立了许多大工厂、一个大 港口。港口与国内外许多城市连接。 4.教育有很大的发展,建立了该城第一所大学。已有三千人从该校毕业。我相信,A 城在不久的将来将更加现代化。 参考词汇: 投资:invest 经济开发区:an economic-zone 港口:port 17、 (1 分) 11 月 11 日,你将在家里为你的妹妹 15 周岁开一个生日晚会,写信给你的外国朋友 Peter, 邀请他来参加。晚会开始时间是晚上 6 点,将持续到很晚。告诉 Peter 每天晚上你都在家, 请他给你打个电话告诉你他是否来参加生日晚会,并表达你盼望见到他的心情。 在信的开头告诉 Peter 你已收到他 10 月 25 日的来信,但由于最近一直忙于期中考试未能及 时回信。 假设你现在的住址是北京西城区云梯胡同 1 号楼 4 门 2 号。 18、 (1 分) 给笔友保罗(Paul)的一封信 提示: 1.过了一个很好的寒假,在寒假中与父亲一起回老家河北农村。 10

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2.吃惊于家乡的巨大变化。几乎村里每家都有彩电,许多家盖了新房。有的家还有了 摩托车和小汽车。 3.一位村民自豪地告诉我,他和一部分村民打算参加一个旅游团到国外旅游。 4.我表示羡慕他们,我对父亲说,将来大学毕业要回老家来,父亲也表示说他一退休 就来。 5.你的名字小海。 19、 (1 分) 张红从广告上得知某公司需要一名秘书。写信应聘。以下是张红的简历。 年龄 20 岁,即将从职业学校毕业。专业:经济管理(business management) 。学英语 8 年, 会计算机。在过去三年中一直是本校学生报编辑之一,学习成绩在班上优秀。主要是本人喜 欢办公室工作,相信能胜任秘书工作。如果能得到这个机会将十分感谢。 请以张红的名义向公司写信写聘。 参考词汇: 职业学校:vocational school 专业:major 20、 (1 分) 给朋友小林的一封信,谈谈寒假生活。 1.寒假很忙,因为今年七月要参加高考。 2.每天埋头读书,复习每门必修课,做许多练习。 3.学习刻苦,每天学习 10 小时以上,累时看会儿电视,听音乐,但总不去影剧院。不 得不回绝亲戚朋友的邀请,只在除夕时打电话问候。 4.多希望没有考试,但又不可能,要尽力取得好成绩。考上渴望已久的清华大学。 参考词汇: 必修课:required subject 埋头于某事:bury oneself in sth . 21、 (1 分) 在世妇会期间, 部分代表参观了红星乡的乡办幼儿园。 请按以下情况写一篇介绍红星乡幼儿 园的文字材料。 1.红星乡幼儿园创办于 1985 年,80%的孩子来自农民家庭。 2.刚成立时,只有 3 个教师,20 个孩子,几乎没有什么设备。条件很差,家庭不愿把 自己的孩子送到这儿。 3.在过去的几年中,幼儿园发生了巨大的变化,新楼代替了土坯房。乡里还为幼儿园 提供了许多先进设备,例如计算机、钢琴及电视机等。 4.孩子人数增长到 200,教师增长到 20 多人。现在,家长们也愿意把自己的孩子送到 幼儿园了。 参考词汇: 乡:township 幼儿园:kindergarten 22、 (1 分) 书面表达。 许多人现在都在努力学习英语。请你写一篇浅显易懂的短文,说明英语的重要性。 (字数 60~100 字)提示如下: 1.英语是世界上使用最广泛的语言,大多数商业信件都是用英语写的。 2.学好英语可使我们更好地向外国学习先进经验。(advanced experience)。 3.学好英语能使我们更好地为祖国服务。 4.学习英语有时也是一大趣事。 23、 (1 分) 11

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书面表达。 说明:请根据提示记述夏天的晚上。 提示: 1.夏天很热,晚上没有人愿意待在家里,人们在街上遛达,或是坐在露天地。 2.有一座特别的夏是电影院,我和朋友们常到那里去。 3.电影院周围有高高的树木,很凉爽。 4.天空中闪烁着星星,常有一轮明月。 5.有时电影不好,但我们不在乎,可以享受凉爽的夜晚。 24、 (1 分) 请根据以下提示,用英语给“中国日报”写一篇 100 个词左右的简讯,要求内容连贯,语句 准确,并包含如下要点: (1) 姓名:刘进,年龄 39 岁,上海一家工厂的工程师。 (2) 1978 年毕业于南京大学,后来留学日本东京大学,攻读化学工程。 (3) 1982 年科研成果显著,获博士学位。 (4) 日本一家公司想用高薪聘用他,但他拒绝了。 (5) 为了报效祖国,他于 1983 年毅然回国。 25、 (1 分) 某中学图书馆的借阅十分混乱,无章可循,假若你是该校学生会主席,请就有关开放时间、 借书手续、借书数量、保持时间、重要图书不能借出以及损坏图书的赔偿问题,拟一份借书 规则,准备在校会上口头通知(80-120 字左右) 。 26、 (1 分) 请根据以下内容拟一份通知。 主讲人:访美归国的李明国教授。 内容:美国中学教育。时间:九月二十五日下午二点至四点半。 地点:105 会议室对象:全体高二学生,欢迎其它年级学生参加。 要求:不迟到,带钢笔和笔记本 词数:60-80 词。 27、 (1 分) 根据下面所给的提示,以“我的选择”为题,写一篇短文。 (字数 80~120) 提示:在我读高中的时候,我对物理,化学,数学很感兴趣。其实,我对许多学科都感兴趣, 诸如:生物,历史,地理和英语。但是不知怎么搞的,我就是没法记住历史上发生的事件及 地理的现象,我也老是记不住英语的一些习惯用语。另一方面,物理,化学和数学对我来说 很容易。考虑过我的兴趣和能力之后,我觉得选择自然科学可能最适合,所以我决定进大学 后工攻读自然科学,等大学毕业后,我就回学校教书。 参考词语:event 事件 talent 能力 28、 (1 分) 根据提示写一篇报道,字数 80-100,不必逐字逐句地翻译。 九月十日是教师节, 下午中华学校召开庆祝大会, 会上表彰了二十位从教三十年以上老教师, 并授予他们荣誉奖章。校长发表了热情洋溢的讲话,师生代表也发了言,然后观看了师生表 演的文艺节目。一片喜气洋洋的气氛。教师是人类灵魂的工程师,全社会都应该尊敬教师。 29、 (1 分) 12

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以《读书的方法》为题用英语写一篇短文。 (120 字左右)主要内容是: 读书的成功与否与读书方法的正确与否关系甚大。向读者提几点建议: (1) 所读书籍难度要适中,偏难、偏易均不宜。如果发现一本书太难读,不妨先放在一 边一段时间,换一本容易些的读。 (2) 读书固然要读自己感兴趣的书,但更要读对自己有益的书。 (3) 有的书匆匆浏览便可,有的则需细读、精读。要随时记笔记。 (4) 不要羞于问问题,任何内行的人都是你的老师。 (5) 勤查词典。词典是你最好的老师。 30、 (1 分) 请根据下面的提示和要求写一篇说理文。 提示: (1) 英语是世界上使用最广泛的语言之一。讲英语的人近三亿。 (2) 英语是国际会议中使用得最多的工作语言。世界上有百分之六十的电台和百分之七 十的邮件(mail)用英语。数以百万计的书籍和杂志是用英语写的。 (3) 借助英语可以更快、更好地学习现代科学和技术。学好英语,我们可以更好地为祖 国服务。 要求: (1) 题目:我们为什么学习英语? (2) 字数:120 左右。 31、 (1 分) 提示: (1) 不少学生可能抽烟,学生中抽烟的人数还在增多。 (2) 一份调查报告透露,某校有五分之二以上的学生抽烟,有些学生甚至偷了钱买烟。 (3) 对中学生来说,抽烟的危害比成年人更大。抽烟不仅有害于身体,还有害于思想。 (4) 中学生是国家未来的建设者。抽烟的学生该下决心戒烟了。 请根据上面的提示,写一篇题为“Give Up Smoking”的短文,字数约 120 个。 32、 (1 分) 假定有一批外宾要在中国过春节(Spring Festival),他们很想了解关于我国春节的一些情况, 请你根据下列要点写一篇短文,以作介绍。字数 100—130。 要点: (1) 春节就是中国的新年,一般在二月份。 (2) 中国的年份是按12生肖命名的,如狗年、猴年等。今年是鸡年。 (3) 春节前人们要大扫除,给孩子买新衣。大年夜家人在一起吃年夜饭。 (4) 年初一走防亲友。孩子们会得到压岁钱。 (5) 人们在春节常常过得很愉快。 33、 (1 分) 说明: 请以“城市怎样开始”为题用英语写一篇短文。内容要点如下: (1) 从前,人很少,以游牧打猎为生。 (2) 懂得种植后,定居在一起,建立村庄。 (3) 人口增加,涌向一些村庄,遂发展为城市。 (4) 机器出现后,建立工厂,更多的人聚居在一起,于是城市变得很大。 注意: (1) 短文包括所有内容要点,但不可逐字翻译。 (2) 可适当增加细节,使短文连贯。 (3) 字数 100 左右。 34、 (1 分) 说明: 13

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请用英语写一篇论述“早起”(early rising)重要性的短文。 (1) 论点:早起有益。 (2) 论据:早起可呼吸到新鲜空气,做早操,对身体健康有好处:早起对学习有好处; 早起可从容制定工作计划,对工作有好处。 (3) 结论:晚起的人都应早起。 注意: (1) 短文应包括论点、论据和结论,但不需逐条翻译。 (2) 可适当增加细节,运用转承词语,使短文连贯。 (3) 字数:100—120。 35、 (1 分) 说明: 《China Daily》准备在文化动态专栏里刊登一条短消息,介绍上海市少年儿童业余艺术教育 情况。假如你是撰稿人,请用英语完成这篇简单介绍。内容要点如下: (1) 办校概况:全市现有业余艺校 450 多所。成千上万的少年儿童参加学习。拥有 16 所分校(branch)和 6,000 多位学生的上海少年艺术学校(Shanghai Children’s Art School)规模最大。 (2) 学习收获:家长依据孩子的不同兴趣将他们送入不同的业余艺校,学习音乐、舞蹈、 绘画和书法(calligraphy) 。孩子们学到了不少书本上学不到的新知识。 (3) 发展前景:这种新型学校得到许多家长的支持,必将越办越好。 注意: (1) 要有标题。 (2) 介绍须包括所有内容要点,但不要逐条译成英语。 (3) 介绍的长度为 80—120 个词。 36、 (1 分) 请根据下列提示,写一篇题为“我们的英语教师”的和短文,字数在 120 个左右。 提示: (1) 你们老师是位中年妇女。她教书二十多年,工作一贯认真,多次被评为模范教师。 (2) 她对你们既严又亲,经常鼓励你们多说多读。 (3) 她上课生动有趣,常给你们放幻灯,教你们唱英语歌,还辅导你们排演英语短剧。 (4) 她热爱你们,总是乐于帮助你们。她真是值得你们敬爱的好老师。 37、 (1 分) 某日上午,Greece 先生去图书馆借有关计算机的书籍。他将一份书单交给了图书管理员。 图书管理员按书单逐一将书找到,借给了他,并告诉他借期为一个月,如要延长借期,需要 办理续借手续。 请根据上面内容编写一段题为“在图书馆”的对话,字数在 80--100 之间。 38、 (1 分) 提示: Mary 是个学生,因患感冒第二天不能到校上课,于是打电话给她的老师 Green 先生请假。 恰巧 Green 先生外出,John 接了电话。John 答应等 Green 先生回来后将情况转告他。 要求: 请根据上面提示,编写一段 80 至 100 字的电话对话。 39、 (1 分) 假定你的名字是陈华,住在上海江湾路 570 号。下面是你好友的一封来信,请用英语给他一 封回信(字数约 120 个) P. O. Box III Chengdu July 8, 1990 Dear Chen Hua: 14

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How are you these days? I’ m writing to you because I need your help. I’ m thinking of coming to Shanghai. I will stay for a week. During the time, I hope I will be able to visit Suzhou .I’ ve got a picture of the Tiger Hill(虎丘), a beautiful garden in Suzhou . The scenery is strongly impressed on my memory. In the last letter you told me that you had been to Suzhou twice. Would you like to tell me something about it? Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible. Yours sincerely, Li Ping 40、 (1 分) 假设你是 Foster,在某中学读书。1990 年 1 月 10 日你得知父亲病危,想请假一个星期(从 11 日至 17 日) ,回家探望。请给校长 Mr. Smith 写一张事假条。 (字数不得少于 45 个) 41、 (1 分) 请根据下列提示,以“Road Safety”为题,写一篇短文。 (字数:120—150) 提示: 每年有不少人在交通事故中伤亡。为使交通安全,要牢记如下交通规则: (1) 骑车要靠右行; (2) 遇见红灯时不能向左拐或横穿马路; (3) 转弯或停车时要打手势; (4) 穿过马路,要做到一停二看三通过; (5) 要帮助老人或孩子安全穿过马路; (6) 要教育小孩不要在马路上玩耍或骑车。 42、 (1 分) 请你写一篇题为“我们的班长”的短文,字数在 100—120 个之间。简况如下: (1) 她叫李敏,个子高,身体好,很活泼。她各科成绩都好,喜欢体育活动,又能歌善 舞。 (2) 她刚进校时,在英语学习上遇到不少困难。但她不怕苦,不怕难,努力把英语学好。 (3) 她严于律己,乐于助人,是大家学习的好榜样。 43、 (1 分) 请你根据下面的提示,写一篇题为“The Seasons”的短文,字数在 120~140 之间。 提示: (1) 春季,天气转暖,万物苏醒。农民忙于播种。 (2) 夏季,天气炎热,雨量充足,对农民来说是个繁忙的季节。 (3) 秋季,气候适宜,白天碧空万里,夜间繁星点点,是一个收获的季节。 (4) 冬季,昼短夜长,天气寒冷,但农民却忙于准备来年的春耕。 44、 (1 分) 请你根据下面的提纲,以“我的家乡”为题,写一篇 100—120 字的短文。 提纲: (1) 家乡的地理位置; (2) 解放前的情况; (3) 解放后的变化; (4) 对家乡的感情。 45、 (1 分) 假设上星期天上午,你与你朋友骑自行车去参观北京动物园,路上花了半个小时。到达那里 时,看见游客已经很多。北京动物园很大,里面有几百种动物,可以看上一天。因此,你们 只看了几种最有趣的动物。先看大象,然后看猴,最后看熊猫。你们在动物园玩得很高兴。 请根据上面提示,以“参观北京动物园”为题,写一篇 120 字左右的和短文。 46、 (1 分) 昨天上午,你惊悉你的朋友阿里(Allee)被一辆汽车撞伤住了院,事情经过是:那天阿里 15

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正要穿过大街。他很小心,直到看到绿灯亮时才开始过街。可他刚要走到街心时,右侧 (right-hand side)突然出现了一辆轿车,径直朝他开来。他躲闪(dodge)不及被撞出了几米 远。他立即被进医院,并动了手术。昨晚你去看他时,他虽已脱险,但仍脸色苍白。 请以“A Traffic Accident”为题,写一篇 110—130 字的短文概述这件事。 47、 (1 分) 说明: 李平(Li Ping)的哥哥是个解放军战士。请根据下面的提示为他写一篇简单介绍。内容要点 如下: (1) 个子高、英俊、眼睛大、肩膀宽。 (2) 1971 年出生。在中学是个好学生。十七岁中学毕业,然后参军。 (3) 在部队里,学习认真,积极参加军事训练(military training) 。 (4) 1991 年到安徽参加抗洪斗争(洪水灾害:the flood disaster) ,做了许多好事。 (5) 昨天下午来校作报告。 注意: (1) 介绍须包括所给内容要点,但不要逐条译成英语。 (2) 字数:80—120。 48、 (1 分) 说明: 假定你们昨天到附近一个村庄帮助农民收割庄稼, 请用英语写一篇短文, 叙述这次支农劳动。 内容要点如下: (1) 虽遭水灾(flood disaster) ,丰收仍然在望(in sight) 。 (2) 村庄离校有半小时路程。一早出发,到达便参加劳动。 (3) 农民教你们割稻、捆稻。 (4) 午餐在田间,饭后稍作休息。 (5) 农村景色(scenery)优美,令人陶醉(be fascinated by) 。 (6) 天黑归来,人累了,但心情愉快。 注意: (1) 要有标题。 (2) 记叙须包括所有内容要点,但不要逐条译成英语。 (3) 字数:80—120。 49、 (1 分) 根据下面的提示,用英语写一则 80—100 字的日记。 提示: 九月十日(星期日)是教师节。这天天气晴朗。上午你参加了学校举行的庆祝会。庆祝会上 有几位三十年以上教龄的老师得到了奖章。你的英语教师李老师也是其中之一。晚饭后,你 和几位同学一起去看望李老师。 李老师表示要将自己的有生之年献给教育事业, 并鼓励你们 努力学习。你深受鼓舞,决心将来也当一名象李老师那样的教师。 50、 (1 分) 根据提示,写一篇介绍颐和园的短文。 The Summer Palace: one of the most famous parks in Beijing. Where it is located: in the western suburbs of Beijing. How to get there: by bus or by taxi or by bike What it is like: one of the most beautiful parks in Beijing/big What you can see or do there/What it is famous for : Kunming Lake----man---made lake/Longevity Hill/700---meter Long Corridor/magnificent halls/beautiful gardens Suggestions: go boating on the lake or go for a walk along the corridor or climb the hill and have a beautiful view from the top or look at the big halls or visit small gardens 16

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写作范文
1.(1 分) I was excited to hear that you would come to China next month. Now let me tell you something different you may meet here. To begin with, the weather here is totally different from that in your place. It hardly ever rains but whenever it does, it rains heavily. So you’d better bring a raincoat and overcoat. Another big difference is food. The Chinese food is quite different from yours. You have to try to get used to it, and learn how to use chopsticks. I’m sure you can do it. Finally please bring me a big American map if possible. Thank you very much. I am looking forward to meeting you. Yours Zhang Nan 2、 (1 分) Sep.Sec. 1995 Wednesday Fine Today our school had an opening ceremony in the school auditorium. All the teachers and students as well as some famous scientists and government officials attended. Our principal made a speech. He hoped everybody in our school would work harder and make even more progress in the new term, “three-good-deed” students were rewarded with prizes. Principal also announced that some honour students received Zhou Peiyuan scholarships because they had won medals in various competitions. A famous scientist then made a speech. He told the students about his learning experience and how he achieve success in his research work. I was so moved by what he said. 3、 (1 分) May 20th Wednesday Cloudy and drizzle Yesterday my classmates and I went to on a picnic. According to our plan we would climb the West Mountain. Early in the morning all of us gathered at the gate of our school, we started of at seven, soon it began to have a little rain. We kept on riding for an hour till we reached the foot of the mountain. The little rain stopped then. We began to climb. Soon we reached the top of the mountain. How beautiful it was when we looked at the view from the top. We ran. sang, jump, played chess, and had the pictures taken on the top of the mountain. and had lunch on the rocks. How happy we were! After the lunch we went down the mountain. We got home at four, all of us almost gave out. 4、 (1 分) Dear Tom, My friend Lucia’s cousin is coming home tonight from his trip to Europe on Flight 607. I have promised Lusia to pick him up at the airport. But I have just got something important to do. Would you please go to the airport to pick him up instead of me? His cousin is medium height and average weight; he wears glasses, and dresses very well, his hairs is blond and curly. He has a beard, and his name is Ernic Norton. Thanks a lot. Yours Clara 5、 (1 分) Hi, Mr. Li, Could you please check on the car to take me to the airport? Please remind the car driver of this. I want to be sure of this car, because it will be too early in the morning to call a taxi if the school car doesn’ t show up. I am sorry to trouble you again. Here I thank you again for all you have done for 17

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me during my stay in your school. I really enjoy teaching here, and will never forget the day I spent with my students. Probably I will come back some day. I leave some English books to your library. I hope they will be useful to your students. Yours Lynne 6、 (1 分) Dear Dad, I am very excited to tell you that I have passed the entrance examination and been admitted into Peking University-the famous university which I have been longing for. The university is beautiful and has excellent equipment. There is a large library in it. The teachers here are very good. They are very kind and patient to the students. I am satisfied with all these and determined to study harder. Don’ t worry about me. I have grown up and can deal with all kinds of matters. Wish you a good health. Respectfully Li Ming 7、 (1 分) Attention please, everyone: About twenty Japanese students will come to our school for a visit on September 15th. We’ ll meet at the school gate at 8:45 a.m., and give them a warm welcome when they arrive at 9:00. Then we’ll take them to the reception room. After a get-together there, we’ll show around the school, the library, the labs and the school factory, At 11:30 we’ll have lunch with the Japanese students in the dining-hall, and then give the presents each other. The Japanese students will leave at about 12:00. That’s all. Thank you. 8、 (1 分) Dear sir, Last year I bought a refrigerator in your store on Chang An road. We all like the shape and colour of the refrigerator. But recently I find something is wrong with it. It begins to make noise when it is turned on. At first it is low but gradually it becomes louder and louder. To make the matter worse, it even stops working sometimes. We all feel disappointed with. I am writing to you to ask for help. Would you please send somebody to repair it. I will be at home this weekend. Please call me before you come. My telephone number is 6606.5531. Thank you very much. Customer Li Ming 9、 (1 分) Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our English Corner. This Corner was set up three years ago. Every Sunday morning, students from different schools gathered around here. Many college students and some foreigners often join us, We practice spoken English by talking about everything we are interested in. We also exchange our experience in English study. We all have a good time here. Thousands of people have been here since it was set up. We think that we have learned a lot by taking part in activities here. It is a real supplement to our English class and it is welcomed by students. Their parents and teachers. They all think it is helpful. If you want to know more about the corner, you may talk to the students here. 10、 (1 分) Well, the first place I suggest that you visit is the Great Wall, the longest wall in the world, which is said to be one of the wonders in the world. It has a history of more than twenty centuries. It is amazing to see such a huge wall was made entirely by hand. 18

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The other place worth visiting is the Palace Museum, which was built in 1406. Twenty-four emperors once lived there. from there the ruling emperors issued orders. You can learn a lot about Chinese history by visiting this Palace. What a pity that you can’t stay longer, otherwise, you could visit many other historic places and beautiful scenes such as Summer Palace, Bei Hai park.. and so on. 11、 (1 分)

Now let me say something about Beijing Opera. Beijing Opera is very popular in China. It has a history of more than 200 years. During the reign of the Qianlong emperor in the Qing dynasty, Qianlong had a interest in the local opera. In 1790, to celebrate his eightieth birthday, he summoned opera troupes from different places to perform for him in Beijing. Four famous troupes from Anhui province remained in Beijing after the celebration. In 1828, A Hubei troupe came to Beijing and often performed together with the Anhui troupes. The two types of singing mixed together and gradually a new type came into being known as Beijing Opera. Now is the performance. I hope you will like it. 12、 (1 分) Dear Mr. Du, I’ m sorry to tell you that I can’ t go to school today. I’ ve caught a cold because I went swimming yesterday. This morning I had a headache and had a fever. The doctor advised me to stay in bed for two days. Now I’m writing to you to ask for two days’ sick leave. Yours respectfully, Li Qing 13、 (1 分) There will be an English lecture on high school education in the U.S. by Mr. Jackson. It will be given in the Lecture Hall on Saturday afternoon from 2:00 to 4:00, May 15th, 1992. Those who are interested in it are warmly welcome. Be sure not to be late. After the lecture, please write a diary about it in English. THE STUDENTS’ UNION 14、 (1 分) Dear Xiao Ming, I was excited to hear that you will come to learn Chinese in our school. Now let me tell you something about our school. Our school campus is beautiful. It has many trees, flowers and a lot of grass. We have two very nice teaching buildings and a dormitory building. In addition, the school has excellent equipment, such as a new gym, a computer room and a large library. There are also a lot of electives to choose from, such as painting, typing and cooking. Above all, there are many excellent teachers in our school. Classes are interesting, the teachers are kind and knowledgeable and willing to help the students. I like our school. I hope you will like our school too. Yours 19

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Li Hua 15、 (1 分) Dear Jack, I was very glad to receive your letter on the tenth of February. You ask me something about Lu Xun and his works since you began to study Chinese literature. Now let me tell you something about him. Lu Xun was a well-Known Chinese writer, he was not only a writer, a thinker, and translator, but also a founder of modern Chinese literature. His novels have been put into many languages and some of novels have been made into films, such as The True Story of AH Q and The New Year’ s Sacrifice which expose sharply the old society. The late Chairman Mao spoke highly of him. Some of his novels have been collected in high school and college textbooks. Since you are learning Chinese literature, I think reading Lu Xun’s novels will benefit a lot. Yours Wei Ming 16、 (1 分) My hometown is an economic-open-zone. It is a town on the sea with a population of three hundred thousand. Before the liberation it used to be a fishing village. Most people lived on fishing. There was no industry. And there were only few primary schools here. Since the open-door policy, a lot of foreign businessmen invested here. A lot of factories have been built. Economics have developed rapidly and big port has also been built, which is connected with many ports of other ports both in and out of our country. A new university now has been founded. Three thousand students have already graduated from it. I am sure in the near future our hometown will become more modern. 17、 (1 分) 2 Doorway 4, building 1 Yunti Hu Tong Xicheng District Beijing 100037 China November 4th,1995 Dear peter, Thank you for your letter of October 25. I haven’t written sooner as I were busy preparing for my mid--term exams. We are having a party on 11th November at our house for my sister’s 15th birthday and we hope you can come. It only happens once a year! The party will start at 6 p.m. and will go on until late! I’m at home in the evenings. Please give me a call. We’re looking forward to seeing you. loves, 20

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Zhao Ning 18、 (1 分) Dear Paul, How are you! I think you have come back to school now. I have had a wonderful winter holiday. During the holiday, my father and I went to hometown, In the countryside in HeBei Province. I was astonished to find that great changes had taken place in the village in recent years. Almost every family in the village had colour TV set, many families had their houses newly built, or rebuilt, some of them had motorcycles or cars. One of the villagers proudly told me that he and some other villagers were going to join a tour and travel abroad. How I admire them! I said to my father that I would go back to my hometown after I graduated from college. Father also expressed he would go back as soon as he retired. Both of us were disappointed when the holiday ended so soon, and we had to leave. What did you do in your holiday? Are you busy now? Here are my best regards to you and your family Yours Xiao Hai 19、 (1 分) Dear Sir: How do you do? Through the ad .I know you need a secretary. I would like to have this job. Now let me introduce myself to you. My name is Zhang Hong. I am twenty and will soon graduate from a vocational school. My major is business management. I have been learning English for 8 years and I have computer experience. I have been one of the editors for the student newspaper in our school for the past three years. My grades remain upper level in my class. The most important thing is that I like office work very much. I am sure I can do it well. I will appreciate it very much if you would give me the opportunity. Thank you for your consideration. I am looking forward to hearing from you . Sincerely yours, Zhang Hong 20、 (1 分) Dear Xiao Lin, I have had a busy holiday these winter because I will take part in the entrance examination this September. I almost buried myself in the books every day. I had to go over every required subject and did a lot of exercises. I worked very hard, more than 10 hours a day. When I was tired I watched TV for a while and listened to music, but I never went to the cinema or theater. I had to refuse several invitations from my relatives and classmates. I only called them to greet them on the eve of the Spring Festival. How I wish there were no examinations at 21

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all, but of course it is impossible. I will try my best to get better results and go to were no examinations at all, but of course it is impossible. I will try my best to get better results and go to Qing Hua University, which I have been longing for. How is your vacation? Best wishes to you and your family! Yours Wu Qi 21、 (1 分) This is township-run kindergarten. It was set up in 1985 by Red Star Township. Eighty percent of the children are from peasants’ family. At first, there were only three teachers and twenty children, there was very little equipment and it was poorly furnished so parents didn’t like to send their children there. During the past few years, great changes have taken place. A new building has taken the place of the house made of the earth. The township provided the kindergarten with a lot of advanced equipment such as computers, pianos and TV sets. The number of children has increased to 200, the number of teachers to more than 20. Now parents are willing to send their children to the kindergarten. 22、 (1 分) Now many people are working hard at English. In fact, English is very important to us. First, English is widely used in the world and most business letters are written in English. Again if we grasp English, we can learn a lot of advanced experience from other countries. If we learn English well, we can serve our motherland better. And, sometimes, learning English is also a great fun. 23、 (1 分) It is very hot in the summer and in the evenings, nobody likes staying at home. People walk in the street or sit in the open. We have a special summer cinema and my friends and I often go there. There are tall trees all around, it is very cool, sometimes the films are not very good, but we do not mind. The stars shine in the sky, and there is often a large bright moon. We can enjoy a cool evening there. 24、 (1 分) Mr. Liu Jin, aged 39, is working in a factory in Shanghai as a chemical engineer. After he graduated from Nanjing University in 1978, he was sent to Tokyo University to study the chemical engineering. Through his hard work for 4 years, he achieved remarkable result in scientific research and received a doctor’s degree in 1982. A Japanese company manager tried hard to invite him to work and promised to give him a good salary but he didn’t 22

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accept it. In 1983 he returned to China without any hesitation. He has made up his mind to devote all his life to our country. 25、 (1 分) Attention please: In order to keep our library in good order, we make some rules of borrowing books. Everyone in our school must obey them. (1) The library opens from 3:00~5:00 p.m. (2) Everyone must use his own card to borrow books. (3) Everyone can only borrow one book from the library once. (4) Every book may be kept for a month. If you want to keep it longer, you must renew it . (5) If someone loses the books, he must pay for them. (6) Some important books are not allowed to be taken out of the library. We hope all of the classmates keep the rules strictly and we also hope that our library will take on a new look very soon. 26、 (1 分) Attention please. There will be a talk on the education of high school in America from 2:00 to 4:30 p.m. on September 25th in Room 105. The talk will be given by Professor Li Ming Guo, who has just been back from a visit to America. All students in Senior Two are to attend it. Please be on time and bring your pens and notebooks. Students from other grades are welcome. Thank you. 27、 (1 分) During my high school years, I found physics, chemistry and maths specially interesting. Actually, I was interested in many subjects, such as biology, history, geography and English. But somehow I simply couldn’t remember the events of history or the facts about geography. I couldn’t remember the some of the English idioms well either. On the other hand, physics, chemistry and maths were easy for me to learn. After considering carefully my interests and talents, I felt that science might be the best choice for me. So I was determined to study natural science at college. After graduating from college, I would like to return to school to teach . 28、 (1 分) September 10 is our Teachers’ Day. In the afternoon, Zhonghua school held a celebration meeting, at which more than twenty old teachers each were praised with a medal for their over thirty years of teaching. Our principal made an enthusiastic speech at the meeting, and then the representative of the teachers and 23

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students gave a talk to us. After the meeting. We started performances played by some teachers and students, which were very interesting and instructive. We all had a wonderful time. I think we all should respect the teachers, engineers of human soul. 29、 (1 分) The Ways for Reading To read successfully requires correct ways of reading. Here are some suggestions: (1) Choose books which are neither too difficult nor too easy for you. If you find it too hard to go on with the book, just put it aside for the moment and change for an easier one; (2) Choose books that not only interest you but also benefit you, for reading is not always for fun only; (3) Some books are to be read roughly, but some must be read slowly and carefully. Don’t forget to take some notes whenever you feel it necessary; (4) Don’t be shy to ask questions. Anyone who knows more than you do can be your teacher; (5) Make good use of dictionaries, for dictionaries are your best teachers. 30、 (1 分) Why Do We Study English? English is one of the most widely used languages in the world. It is spoken by nearly three hundred million people: in England, the United States, Australia, Canada and many other countries. It is one of the working languages at international meetings and is more used than the others. It is said that 60 percent of the world’ s radio broadcasts and 70 percent of the world’ s mail are in English. Millions of books and magazines are written in English, too. English is really a bridge to knowledge. With the help of English we can learn modern science and technology faster and better form the developed countries. In this way we can serve our country better. 31、 (1 分) Give Up Smoking Smoking is a widespread habit even among school children. The number of young smokers is increasing. It is reported that over two-fifths of the students in a certain school smoke, and some of them even steal money to buy cigarettes, This is terrible. As we all know, smoking is harmful to our health. But it’s even more harmful to middle school students for it does great harm not only to their health but also to their mind. Middle school students are future builders of the country. They should spend their time learning what is useful. So it’s really 24

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time that these young smokers made up their minds to give up smoking. 32、 (1 分) Spring Festival The Chinese New Year is called Spring Festival, it usually comes in February. There is a name for each year. It may be called the year of the dog or the year of the monkey. And this year is the year of the cock. Before the Now Year’s Day, the Chinese people usually give their houses a general cleaning. On the last day of the old year, there is a big family dinner. All members of the family try to be present at the meal. On the first day of the new year, people go to visit their relatives and friends. As a rule, children are given some money to buy things they like. People often have a good time during the Festival. 33、 (1 分) How Cities Began Do you know how cities began? Long ago, the world had only a few thousand people. These people moved from place to place, hunting animals for food. No one knows how or when these people learned about growing food. But when they did, their lives changed. They began to live near one another. And so the first villages grew. Many people came to work in the villages. The villages grew very big. From there the cities began. When machines came along, life in the villages changed again. Factories were built. More and more people lived near the factories. The cities grew very big. 34、 (1 分) Early Rising Early rising benefits us in many ways. First, it helps to keep us fit. We all need fresh air. But air is never so fresh as early in the morning. Besides, by taking morning exercises we can improve our health. Second, it can help us in our studies. In the morning we can learn more quickly. Third, it can enable us to plan our work for the day. We cannot work well without a proper plan. Early rising can also give us enough time to get ready for our work.. So we say that those who always get up late should make great effort to get up early. 35、 (1 分) Spare-time Art Education in Shanghai Tens of thousands of children is Shanghai are receiving art training in their spare time. More than 450 spare-time schools are helping the children in music, dancing, painting and calligraphy. Shanghai Children’s Art School, which has 16 branches and over 6,000 pupils, is the biggest of all. 25

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Parents send their children to different schools to their different interests. The children have learned a lot of new knowledge which cannot be learned from books. Spare-time art schools are supported by many parents. This new kind of school will surely be run better and better. 36、 (1 分) Our English Teacher Our English teacher is a middle-aged woman. She has taught English for more than twenty years. She works very hard and has been a model teacher for many years. She is kind to us. but she is rather strict with us. She always encourages us to speak and read more English. She often tells us that “practice makes perfect.” She is very good at teaching and tries hard to make every lesson lively and interesting. She often gives us slide shows, teaches us English songs and helps us to put on short English plays. She loves us and is always ready to help us. In fact, she is not only our good teacher but also our good friend. We all respect and love her. 37、 (1 分) At the Library Mr. Greece: Good morning. Librarian: Good morning. What can I do for you? Mr. Greece: I’d like to borrow some books on computers. Here’s the list. Librarian: All right. Let me go and have a check for you. (He goes in and comes back in a little while. ) Now, here are the books you want. Mr. Greece: Thank you. How long can I keep them? Librarian: A month. Mr. Greece: Can I keep them a bit longer? Librarian: Yes, you can, if you need them. But you must come and renew them at the end of the month. Mr. Greece: I see. Thank you. Librarian: You are welcome. Mr. Greece: Bye. Librarian: Bye. 38、 (1 分) A Telephone Call John: Hello. Mary: Hello. May I speak to Mr. Green, please? John: Sorry, but he’ s not in right now. Who’ s calling, please? Mary: This is Mary, his student. John: Hi, Mary. Can I take a message? Mary: Oh, yes. Please tell him I’ve got a bad cold and the doctor told me to stay in bed for one or two days. So I won’t be able to attend the class tomorrow. John: O. K. I’ll give him the message when he comes back. 26

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Mary: Thank you. Good-bye. John: good-bye. 39、 (1 分) A Letter to a Friend 570 Jiangwan Road Shanghai July 14, 1990 Dear Li Ping, Glad to have got your letter. It makes me happy that you are coming to stay in Shanghai for a week . I think we can meet each other and have a good time then. Now let me tell you something about Suzhou . Suzhou is famous for its beautiful gardens. There are more than 100 in all, they say. Among them the Tiger Hill was my favourite. Thousands of years ago, a king was said to be buried there with his treasure. Unfortunately, I didn’ t find the treasure, but we did have a good time there. I’ve taken some pictures there . If they some out well, I’ll send you some. Suzhou is worth visiting. I hope you’ll pay a visit to it. I’m looking forward to your arrival. Yours sincerely, Chen Hua 40、 (1 分) A Note Asking for Business Leave Jan. 10, 1990 Mr. Smith Headmaster Dear Sir, I’m applying for one week’s leave of absence from the 11th to the 17th, in order to return home to see my father, who is now dangerously ill. I should be very much obliged if you grant me my application. Yours respectfully, Foster 41、 (1 分) Road Safety Every year a lot of people are killed or injured in road accidents. How can we make the roads safer? Remember the following traffic rules. When you ride a bike, keep to the right side of the road. Don ’t cross the road or turn left at a red traffic light. Give a hand signal if you want to turn or stop. Before crossing the road, stop and look both ways, right and left. If the road is clear, it is safe to cross. The correct way to cross is to walk quickly, but not to run. If you run across the road, you may fall down. If you see small children or old people waiting to cross the road, 27

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it is a kind deed to help them to cross in safety. We should teach small children not to play or ride on the roads. Always obey these rules, you’ll find it much safer to walk or ride on the road. 42、 (1 分) Our Monitor Li Ming is our monitor. She is tall, healthy and lively. She does well in all subjects. She is fond of sports and is good at singing and dancing. Li Ming works hard at English. When she came to the school, she had quite a lot of difficulties with the language. But she was not afraid of them and always tried hard to overcome them. She was active in class and did a lot of practice after class. No pains, no gains. With great efforts she made much progress in English study. Li Ming is modest and always ready to help others. She is very strict with herself in her work and daily life. She sets us all a fine example. 43、 (1 分) The Seasons There are four seasons in a year: spring, summer, autumn and winter. In spring the weather gradually gets warmer and everything comes back to life. The peasants are busy with sowing. When summer comes, the weather gets very hot. It rains quite often. It is a busy season for the peasants. Autumn is the best season of the year. The weather is neither too hot nor too cold. The sky is blue and cloudless. At night millions of stars shine in the sky. It is the time for harvest. Winter is the last season of the year. The days become shorter and the nights longer. The weather is cold and windy. But the peasants are still busy preparing for the next spring ploughing. 44、 (1 分) My Home Town My home town is a beautiful place. It stands beside a wide river and is rich in fish and rice. But in the old days it was a poor and backward little town. Many people had no work. They lived a hard life. In 1949 my hometown was liberated. Since then great changes have taken place there. The streets have been widened. Factories, schools, hospitals, cinemas and theatres have sprung up one after another. The life of the people is greatly improved. I love my hometown. All the more I love its people. They are working hard so as to make it still richer and more beautiful. 45、 (1 分) A Visit to Beijing Zoo Last Sunday morning, my friend and I went to visit the Beijing Zoo. We went by bike. It took us about half an hour to get there. 28

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When we got there, it was already crowded with people. There were a lot of foreign visitors, too. It is said that the Beijing Zoo is the largest in Asia and one of the largest in the world. There are hundreds of different kinds of animals. It world take a whole day to see all the animals there. So we decided to see some of the most interesting ones. We saw the elephants first and then the monkeys. Finally we went to see our favourite “friends” --the giant pandas. We were delighted to see them waving to us. We really had a wonderful time in the zoo. 46、 (1 分) A Traffic Accident Yesterday morning, I was surprised to hear that my friend Allee had been hit by a car and was in hospital now. The other day he was going to cross a street. He was very careful and didn ’t go until he saw traffic light turn green. But hardly had he got to the middle of the street when he saw a car suddenly appear on his right-hand side and come directly towards him. It was too late for Allee to dodge. He was hit by the car and thrown a few meters away. He was sent to hospital immediately and had an operation. When I went to see him last night, he was out of danger but still looked pale. 47、 (1 分) My Brother Li Ping’s brother is a PLA man. He is a handsome, tall young man with big eyes and broad shoulders. He was born in 1971. He was a good student in school. When he was seventeen, he finished middle school. Then he joined the People’ s Liberation Army. In the army, he studied hard and took an active part in the military training. In 1991, he went to Anhui Province to help in fighting against the flood disaster. He did a lot of good deeds there. Yesterday afternoon Li Pings brother came to our school and gave us a talk. We’ve learned a lot from him. 48、 (1 分) A Good Harvest In spite of the flood disaster, a good harvest is still in sight. Yesterday we went to a nearby village to help the peasants get in the crops. We left our school early in the morning. It took us half an hour to reach the village. As soon as we got there, we joined the peasants in their harvesting work. They taught us how to cut rice, and how to tie it. It was in the fields that we had our lunch. After lunch, we had a short rest. We were fascinated by the beautiful scenery of the countryside. It got dark when we returned home. We were very tired, but we felt very happy. 49、 (1 分) A Page from My Diary Sunday, Sept. 10 Fine 29

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Today is Teachers’ Day. In the morning, I attended the school celebration, at which several teachers were given medals for having completed 30 years of teaching. Mr. Li, my English teacher, was one of them. After supper my classmates and I went to see Mr. Li. He said that he would devote the rest of his life to the cause of education. He also encouraged us to work hard at our lessons. I was inspired by what he said and made up my mind to be a teacher like Mr. Li when I grow up. 50、 (1 分) One of the most famous parks to go to in Beijing is the Summer Palace. It is located in the western suburbs of Beijing. It is easy to go there by bus, by taxi of by bike. It is one of the most and biggest parks in Beijing. There is beautiful Kumming Lake in the park. It is a man-made lake. In front of the lake, there is the 700-meter Long Corridor. Behind it is the Longevity Hill. There are some magnificent halls and beautiful gardens in the park. It takes at least half of the day to visit the park. You can go boating on the lake or go for a walk along the corridor or climb the hill and have a beautiful view from the top or look at the big halls or visit small gardens. The best time to visit the park is spring or autumn. 30

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