北京市朝阳区 2012—2013 学年度高三年级第一学期期末统一考试 英 语 试 卷
本试卷共 14 页, 共 150 分。考试时长 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上, 在试卷上作 答无效。考试结束后, 将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分：听力理解（共三节, 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题：每小题 1.5 分, 共 7.5
分） 听下面 5 段对话。 每段对话后有一道小题, 从每题所给的 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。 听完每段对话后, 你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话你将听一遍。 例：What is the man going to read? A. A newspaper. B. A magazine. C. A book. 答案是 A。
1. Where did this conversation probably take place?
A. On a bus. B. In the street. C. In a furniture store. 2. What did the man do last night? A. He stayed in the library. B. He prepared for a test. C. He went to a party. 3. How does the woman probably feel now? A. Worried. B. Relieved. C. Confused. 4. At what time does the second show start? A. At 7:00. B. 7:10. C. 9:10. 5. What does the woman mean? A. The application arrived a week earlier than expected. B. The man is not suitable for the position. C. The job has been given to someone else. 第二节（共 10 小题：每小题 1.5 分, 共 15 分） 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题, 从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后, 每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料, 回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Why can‘t the woman have the party on the 29th? A. She‘ll see her doctor. B. She‘ll attend a meeting. C. She‘ll travel to another city. 7. How long will the party run? A. Four hours. B. Three hours. C. Two hours 听第 7 段材料, 回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. Where did the man see the ad for the bike sale? A. On TV B. In a department store C. In the newspaper. 9. Which bike is the latest model? A. The Aderson. B. The Curzon. C. The Instant. 听第 8 段材料, 回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. In which order will the couple travel to the places? A. Chicago, Manhattan, Boston, Washington. B. Chicago, Washington, New York, Boston. C. Chicago, New York, Washington, Boston. 11. Where is the hotel they‘ll stay at in New York? A. On the 53rd Street. B. Near the theater district. C. Far away from Manhattan. 12. How will they go to Boston? A. By train. B. By air. C. By car. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 15 题。
13. Which place will the travellers visit first? A. Pigeon Point. B. A seaside café . C. An ice-cream factory. 14. What should the travellers bring? A. Food. B. Medicine. C. Swimsuits. 15. What animals will the travellers see in the nature reserve? A. Giraffes. B. Monkeys. C. Elephants. 第三节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分, 共 7.5 分） 听下面一段对话, 完成第 16 至第 20 五道小题, 每小题仅填写一个词 , 听对话前, 你将有 20 ．．． 秒钟的时间阅读试题, 听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。 Interview notes about Harrods the biggest department store in the UK Food Hall: ___16___ kinds of food Egyptian Hall: look like an Egyptian Building ___17___ years ago get most of its power by producing ___18___ itself during the ___19___ sales, there‘s an increase in customers and ___20___
? ? ? ? ?
第二部分：知识运用（共两节, 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分, 共 15 分） 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 例：It‘s so nice to hear from her again. _____, we last met more than thirty years ago. A. What‘s more B. That‘s to say C. In other words D. Believe it or not 答案是 D。 21. Various summer camps being available, we can choose _____ based on our own interest. A. either B. each C. one D. it 22. You can‘t catch the charm of English poetry _____ you understand its rhyme. A. if B. unless C. though D. while 23. —Hurry up! Alice and Sue are waiting for you at the school gate. —Oh! I thought they _____ without me. A. went B. are going C. have gone D. had gone 24. I found it hard _____ my feelings in words. A. conveyed B. conveying C. convey D. to convey 25. ––These grapes look really beautiful. ––They _____! See the price, $ 3.99 a pound. Too expensive, aren‘t they? A. would B. could C. should D. might 26. I hope that the little _____ I‘ve been able to do has been of some use. A. which B. what C. that D. when 27. Thanks to the Internet, now every day we receive _____ we did 20 years ago. A. as five times much information as B. much information as five times as C. as much information as five times D. five times as much information as 28. If you really have to leave during the meeting, you‘d better leave _____ the back door.? A. by B. for C. across D. out 29. —Did you get to the railway station on time? —Sure. The city center wasn‘t as crowded this morning as it usually _____. A. is B. was C. has been D. had been
30. In the weeks before the Academy Awards Ceremony, movie reviewers make predictions about which movies and actors _____. A. have awarded B. will award C. are awarded D. will be awarded 31. Judging from the date _____ on the gold coin, we can tell that it was made 500 years ago. A. being marked B. marked C. to mark D. to be marked 32. He _____ the car himself, but he didn‘t have the tools. A. would have repaired B. must have repaired C. had repaired D. would repair 33. For a moment nothing happened, then _____ all shouting together. A. voices had come B. did voices come C. came voices D. voices would come 34. The students wonder _____ good the course will do to their future jobs. A. which B. what C. whether D. why 35. ______ in a top-level university abroad is what many students wish for. A. Educated B. Being educated C. To educate D. Educating 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分, 共 30 分） 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Standard of Excellence My l4-year-old son, John, and I spotted the coat almost at the same time in the secondhand clothing store. __36__ the other coats were hanging down loosely, this one looked as if it were __37__ itself up. The thick, black wool was soft and unworn. It had a black velvet collar, beautiful tailoring and an __38__ price of $28. We looked at each other, saying nothing, but John‘s eyes shone. Dark, woolen overcoats were popular with teenage boys, but could cost several hundred dollars new. This coat was even better, __39__ that touch of classic elegance from long ago. John tried it on and turned from side to side, __40__ himself in the mirror with a(n) __41__, studied expression that soon changed into a smile. The __42__ was perfect. John wore the coat to school the next day and came home with a wide smile. ―How did the kids like your coat?‖ I asked. ―They __43__ it!‖ he said, carefully folding it over the back of a chair and __44__ it flat. Over the next few weeks, a change came over John. __45__ replaced contrariness; __46__, reasoned discussion replaced argument. He became more mannerly and more thoughtful, eager to __47__ me. ―Good dinner, Mom,‖ he would say every evening. One day when I suggested that he might start __48__ homework before dinner, John, who was always putting off doing stuff, said, ―You‘re __49__. I guess I will.‖ When I __50__ this incident to one of his teachers and remarked that I didn‘t know what caused the __51__, she said laughing, ―It must be his coat!‖ At the library, we ran into a friend who had not seen our children for a long time, ―Could this be John?‖ he asked, looking up to John‘s new height, __52__ the style of his coat and extending his hand, one gentleman to another. John and I both know we should never __53__ a person‘s clothes for the real person within them. But there is something to be said for __54__ a standard of excellence for the world to see, for practicing standards of excellence in thought, speech, and behavior, and for __55__ what is on the inside to what is on the outside. 36. A. While B. Unless C. Since D. As
37. A. carrying 38. A. unreasonable 39. A. developing 40. A. eyeing 41. A. serious 42. A. brand 43. A. approved 44. A. pressing 45. A. Acceptance 46. A. wild 47. A. please 48. A. at 49. A. helpful 50. A. explained 51. A. choices 52. A. analyzing 53. A. trust 54. A. setting 55. A. adjusting
B. putting B. unbelievable B. indicating B. admiring B. excited B. figure B. loved B. smoothing B. Affection B. quiet B. help B. from B. considerate B. announced B. growth B. assessing B. judge B. applying B. comparing
C. holding C. unacceptable C. adopting C. questioning C. puzzled C. result C. desired C. beating C. Agreement C. fair C. change C. in C. right C. presented C. feeling C. checking C. mistake C. meeting C. preferring
D. pushing D. unreliable D. bearing D. measuring D. doubtful D. fit D. enjoyed D. ironing D. Acquaintance D. detailed D. remind D. on D. great D. mentioned D. changes D. consulting D. blame D. wearing D. matching
第三部分：阅读理解（共两节, 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分, 共 30 分） 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A Mr. Peter Johnson, aged twenty-three, battled for half an hour to escape from his trapped car yesterday when it landed upside down in three feet of water. He took the only escape route—through the boot. Mr. Johnson‘s car had ended up in a ditch(沟渠) at Romney Marsin, Kent after he lost proper control on ice and hit a bank. ―Fortunately, the water began to come in only slowly,‖ Mr. Johnson said. ―I couldn‘t force the doors open because they were jammed against the walls of the ditch and dared not open the windows because I knew water would come flooding in.‖ Mr. Johnson, a sweet salesman of Sitting Home, Kent, first tried to attract the attention of other motorists by sounding the horn (笛) and hammering on the roof and boot. Then he began his struggle to escape. Later he said, ―It was really a half penny that saved my life. It was the only coin I had in my pocket and I used it to unscrew the back seat to get into the boot. I hammered desperately with a hammer trying to make someone hear, but no help came.‖ It took ten minutes to unscrew the seat, and a further five minutes to clear the sweet samples from the boot. Then Mr. Johnson found a wrench (扳手) and began to work on the boot lock. Fifteen minutes passed by. ―It was the only chance I had. Finally it gave, but as soon as I moved the boot lid, the water and mud poured in. I forced the lid down into the mud and climbed up clear as the car filled up.‖ His hands and arms cut and bruised, Mr. Johnson got to Beckett Farm nearby. Huddled in a blanket, he said, ―That thirty minutes seemed like hours.‖ Only the tips of the car wheels were visible, police said
last night. The vehicle had sunk into two feet of mud at the bottom of the ditch. 56. Which of the following objects is the most important to Mr. Johnson? A. The hammer. B. The coin. C. The seat. D. The horn. 57. We know from the passage that ______. A. Mr. Johnson‘s car stood on its boot as it fell down B. Mr. Johnson‘s car accident was partly due to the slippery road C. Mr. Johnson struggled in the pouring mud as he unscrewed the back seat D. Mr. Johnson could not escape from the door because it was full of sweet jam 58. ―Finally it gave‖ in Paragraph 5 means that ______. A. at last the wrench went broken B. the chance was lost at the last minute C. the lock came open after all his efforts D. luckily the door was torn away in the end 59. What is the best title for this newspaper article? A. Driver Escapes through Car Boot B. The Story of Mr. Johnson, a Sweet Salesman C. The Driver Survived a Terrible Car Accident D. Car Boot Can Serve as the Best Escape Route B Micro-Enterprise Credit for Street Youth Introduction Although small-scale business training and credit programs have become more common throughout the world, relatively little attention has been paid to the need to direct such chances to the street youth. Over the past nine years, Street Kids International (S.K.I.) has been working with partner organizations in Africa, Latin America and India to support the economic lives of street children. The purpose of this paper is to share some of the lessons S.K.I. has learned. Background Typically, children end up on the streets not due to a single cause, but to a combination of factors: a lack of adequately funded(资助) schools, the demand for income at home, family breakdown and violence. The street may be attractive to children as a place to find adventurous play and money. However, it is also a place where some children are exposed, with little or no protection, to unfair employment, urban crime, and abuse. Street Business Partnerships S.K.I. has worked with partner organizations in Latin America, Africa and India to develop opportunities for street children to earn income. ? The S.K.I. Bicycle Courier Service first started in the Sudan. Participants in this enterprise were supplied with bicycles, which they used to deliver parcels and messages, but they were required to pay for it gradually from their wages. ? The Youth Skills Enterprise plan in Zambia is a joint program with the Red Cross Society. Street youths are supported to start their own small business through life skills training and access to credit. Lessons learned The following lessons have been learned from the programs.
It is important for all loans(贷款) to be linked to training programs that include the development of basic business and life skills. Small loans are provided at first for purchasing equipments such as bicycles, shoe shining kits. All S.K.I. programs have charged interest on the loans, primarily to get the business runners used to the concept of paying interest on borrowed money. Generally the rates have been modest. 60. The organization, S.K.I., aims to ______. A. give business training and loans to street children B. provide schools and social support for street children C. share the lessons S.K.I learned to help street children D. draw the attention of the government to street children 61. According to the passage, what‘s the most probable reason for children to end up living on the street? A. Unemployment. B. Adventurous play. C. Urban crimes. D. Being poor. 62. It can be inferred from the passage that with the help of S.K.I, street children may ______. A. reject paid employment B. leave their families C. set up their own business D. support other children C For some time past it has been widely accepted that babies—and other creatures—learn to do things because certain acts lead to ―rewards‖. It used also to be widely believed that effective reward, at least in the early stages, had to be directly related to such basic physiological ―drives‖ as thirst or hunger. In other words, a baby would learn if he got food or drink of some sort of physical comfort, not otherwise. It is now clear that this is not so. Babies will learn to behave in ways that produce results with no reward except the successful outcome. Papousek began his studies by using milk in the normal way to ―reward‖ the babies and so teach them to carry out some simple movements, such as turning the head to one side or the other. Then he noticed that a baby who had had enough to drink would refuse the milk but would still go on making the learned response with clear signs of pleasure. So he began to study the children‘s responses in situations where no milk was provided. He quickly found that children as young as four months would learn to turn their heads to right or left if the movement ―switched on‖ a display of lights—and indeed that they had the ability to learn quite complex turns to bring about this result, for instance, two left or two right, or even to make as many as three turns to one side. Papusek‘s light display was placed directly in front of the babies and he made the interesting observation that sometimes they would not turn back to watch the lights closely although they would ―smile and bubble‖ when the display came on. Papousek concluded that it was not primarily the sight of the lights which pleased them, it was the success they were achieving in solving the problem, in mastering the skill, and that there exists a fundamental human urge to make sense of the world and bring it under intentional control. 63. According to the author, babies learn to do things which ______. A. are directly related to pleasure B. will bring them a feeling of success C. will meet their physical needs D. will satisfy their curiosity 64. Papousek noticed in his studies that a baby would ______. A. make learned responses when it saw the milk B. carry out learned movements when it had enough to drink
C. continue the simple movements without being given milk D. turn its head to right or left when it had enough to drink 65. The babies would ―smile and bubble‖ at the lights because ______. A. the lights were directly related to some basic ―drives‖ B. the sight of the lights was interesting C. they need not turn back to watch the lights D. they succeeded in ―switching on‖ the lights 66. According to Papousek, the babies‘ pleasure in achieving something is a reflection of _____. A. a basic human desire to understand and control the world B. the satisfaction of certain physiological needs C. their strong desire to solve complex problems D. a fundamental human urge to display their learned skills D The word hug is of uncertain origin. The Oxford English Dictionary cautions against confusing it with hugge—another word of the Middle English ug, meaning ―to inspire with fear or disgust‖. Nevertheless, I find myself drawn to the possibility that hug does, in fact, have some connection with ug. It seems to me that at the thought of a tight embrace(拥抱), fear and disgust do come to mind. So why is it that when I go over to your house for dinner, you wrap your arms around me, even though I saw you last Friday at the movies? One arm or two? Should there be space between us? Should I brush my cheek against yours? Maybe even kiss your cheek? I‘m willing to believe that some people really love to hug. They rush to enfold not only family and friends but also friends of friends and near strangers. They delight in applying pressure and rocking from side to side. Yet most people are just going through the motions; they‘re looking for a way to say hello or goodbye. Not wanting to seem rude, I open my arms, too, submitting to the ceremony of friendship. After one particularly confusing interaction, I looked for advice from experts. Emily Yoffe, an advice columnist, offered her sympathy: ―I‘m with you on this, but I‘ve become a non-hugger who hugs. Recently after breakfast with a new friend, I went in to hug her goodbye, and I could see a kind of horror in her eyes, but it was too late to back off.‖ That‘s me: The girl with the look of horror in her eyes. The Emily Post Institute, which specializes in manners, explains that when greeting someone, you should look him or her in the eyes and smile, speak clearly, add a ―glad to see you‖ and then shake hands with a firm grip, pump two or three times, and then release. The institute suggests adding a hug ―if it‘s a relative or close friend.‖ Nor any specific information on what a proper hug entails. There are several hug alternatives, among them: the handshake, the cheek kiss, the wave, the arm squeeze, and the nod. Handshakes seem formal, cheek kisses un-American. Arm squeezing would be a good solution if it were not for the danger of getting pulled into something more full-bodied. The nod, though, can be very effective when combined with a smile, especially when executed with confidence and with one hand already grasping the door handle. 67. What do the first two paragraphs indicate about ―hug‖? A. The word causes common disfavor. B. The behavior appears disgusting. C. The action is somewhat confusing. D. The manner is unsuitable for friends. 68. About the way of embrace, the experts ______. A. have a standard concept B. feel embarrassed and uneasy C. advise people to use other ways D. fail to give an explicit definition
69. What‘s the author‘s attitude towards hug? A. Cautious. B. Hesitant. C. Puzzled. D. Opposed. 70. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. Specialized opinions on daily manners. B. In-depth research into hug. C. Appropriateness of daily manners. D. Important reform of greeting manners. 第二节（共 5 小题, 每小题 2 分, 共 10 分） 根据短文内容, 从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处得最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 The Making of ―Tipping Point‖ Many of the most expensive commercials ever made are those in which a film star flashes a beautiful smile at the cameras. ___71___ Their recent television advertisement, the most expensive in British history, cost ten million pounds, and it features(突出), not the rich and famous, but villagers from the mountains of Argentina. The advertisement features a game of dominoes. It begins in a darkened room with several thousand dominoes(多米诺) set up on a specially-designed table. Then the falling dominoes head out of the room into the streets, causing progressively larger objects to fall. Dominoes knock over books, which in turn knock bigger objects such as suitcases, tyres, and even cars. The final piece in the chain reaction is a huge tower of books. ___72___ The place chosen for the commercial was Iruya, a village high up in the mountains in Argentina. ___73___ The journey could take up to ten hours. Asked why this remote destination for the shoot, the director said that even though it was the most difficult location they could have picked, it was perfect. ___74___ Twenty six truckloads of objects were brought in. They were all chosen to suit the town and fit in with the people‘s way of life. They included 10,000 books, 400 tyres, 45 wardrobes and 6 cars. Setting the objects up took skill and patience. Some of the sequences(场景) had to be reshot 15 times, though the sequence in which six cars fell over was successfully shot in just one take. Filming in this location was not without its difficulties. Firstly, being so remote, it was hard to obtain resources. The second problem was the high altitude. Iruya is situated 3000 meters above sea level and the film crew was not used to working in such conditions. ___75___ Director Nicolai Fuglsig said: ―Despite all the challenges, the cast was fantastic and it was a really amazing experience.‖ Whether or not the effort pays off is another matter entirely. A. Creating this film was no easy task. B. They drop off to show a glass of Guinness. C. Preparations for filming took well over a month. D. Not so with the famous Irish drink company Guinness. E. They needed to be arranged so they would fall over easily. F. It was also hard working with the villagers who had no experience of film-making. G. The film crew had to drive along 48 kilometres of dirt roads and cross twelve rivers. 第四部分：书面表达（共两节, 35 分） 第一节 情景作文（20 分） 假设你是红星中学高二（1）班的学生李华，上周末和妈妈一起去给爷爷买羽绒服。请根据以 下四幅图的先后顺序，写一篇英文周记，叙述买羽绒服的全过程。
注意：1. 周记的开头已为你写好。 2. 词数不少于 60。
Last Saturday, mom and I went to buy a down jacket for my grandpa. _____________________ 第二节 开放作文（15 分） 请根据下面提示, 写一篇短文, 词数不少于 50. You are discussing the following picture with your English friend Jim. Now you are telling him how you understand the picture and what makes you think so. 提示词：杠铃 barbell
北京市朝阳区 2012—2013 学年度高三年级第一学期期末统一考试 英语参考答案 第一部分：听力理解（共三节，30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 1—5 BABCC 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 6—10 BCCAC 11—15 ABACB 第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 每小题 1.5 分。如出现拼写错误不计分；出现大小写、单复数错误扣 0.5 分；如 每小题超过一个词不计分。 16. many/ different/ various 17. 4,000 18. electricity 19. January 20. sales/profit 第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 21—25 CBDDC 26—30 CDAAD 31—35 BACBB 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 36—40 ACBDA 41—45 ADBBC 46—50 BADCD 51—55 DBCDD 第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 56—60 BBCAA 61—65 DCBCD 66—70 ACDDC 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 71—75 DBGAF 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第一节 情景作文（20 分） One possible version: Last Saturday, mom and I went to buy a down jacket for my grandpa. When we got to a big store, we saw down jackets of various colors and styles. There were so many of them that it took us quite a while to decide which one to buy. Finally, with the help of the shop assistant, we selected a black thick jacket for grandpa. Immediately, we came back home to show it to my grandpa. Seeing it, he was very happy and couldn‘t wait to put it on. But we were annoyed to find something was wrong with the zipper. Hurriedly, I took it back to the store and explained the problem to the shop assistant. To my satisfaction, she was very kind and helped me choose another one patiently. Standing in front of the mirror, my grandpa looked at himself in the new coat, smiling contently. Grandma also spoke highly of the coat with her thumb up and praised me for what I did. How delighted I was! 第二节 开放作文（15 分） One possible version: In my opinion, the man, standing in front of the barbell, is dreaming of lifting it high above his head. But obviously the barbell is too heavy for him. Hard as he might try, his effort will still be in vain. I think the picture wants to tell us that sometimes even though we have big dreams, we need to face the reality and have a good awareness of our own ability. Otherwise, we may not get what want, however hard we try, like the man in this picture.
Actually, if he knows his ability well and chooses a lighter barbell, things will turn out differently. So it is with our life. Everyone has a dream, but we should base it on a good awareness of our own abilities so that we can acquire more confidence and eventually succeed.
北京市朝阳区 2012—2013 学年度高三年级第一学期期末统一考试 英语参考答案解析
完型填空： 37. hold up 放在这修饰衣服表示能撑得住，与前面的 loosely 形成对比。 38. 这件大衣质量很好，但价格却比较便宜，因此选择 unbelievable。 39. bear 的意思是留有...的印记，说这件衣服有着古典高贵的印记。 40. eye 表示他穿上衣服在照镜子。 44. smooth 把...弄的平滑平整，他把衣服弄得比较平整。 45. contrariness 表示反对， 他自从穿上这件衣服之后就变得不一样了， 因此前面需要填反对的反义 词就是 agreement。 52. 我的一个朋友见到 John 之后对他穿的衣服做出评价，因此选择 assess。 53. mistake...for 的意思是把...错当做是...我们不能错把人穿衣的外表误认为他就是这样的人。 54. wear a standard of excellence 表示人们通过穿衣的方式展现出来的优秀的标准。 阅读理解： A篇 56. 答案在第四段中，It was really a half penny that saved my life 可以推测出 coin 是对他最重要的。 57. 根据第二段 Kent after he lost proper control on ice and hit a bank 可以推测出来它的车打滑了。 58. 划线前面在描写他一直在用扳手打开 boot lock，所以答案选 C。 59. 最佳题目，文章要突出的是司机成功逃生以及汽车行李箱，所以题目中要包含这两个关键词。 B篇 60. 通过开头的 introduction 中的 support the economic lives of street children 以及第一句可以推测出 来 SKI 是来给流浪孩子提供贷款的经济帮助。 61. 成为流浪儿童的原因在 background 中提到，a lack of adequately funded(资助) schools, the demand for income at home, family breakdown and violence，排除可以得出答案 D。 62. 因为 SKI 是来给他们提供经济帮助，所以最有可能的结果是他们会有自己的事业。 C篇 63. 作者在第一段先是提到了以前的观点，在第二段中提出了本文的观点， Babies will learn to behave in ways that produce results with no reward except the successful outcome。 64. 答案在第三段的实验描述中，其中一个孩子虽然拒绝了牛奶，但仍然会做出一些反应。 65. 根据最后一段可以推测出来孩子是因为自己的成就感才会 smile and bubble。 66. 本题的答案可以从文章最后一句话推测出来，there exists a fundamental human urge to make sense of the world and bring it under intentional control。 D篇 67. 文章的前两段提出的是作者对于 hug 的各种想法，因此 C 选项是符合要求的。 68. 作者提到了 Emily Yoffe 的专家，对于 hug 的问题，她仅仅表示了自己的 sympathy，因此作为 专家并没有给作者一个详尽的解释。 69. 文章中多次暗示自己是反对 hug 的， 比如 That’ s me: The girl with the look of horror in her eyes。 70. 文章除了提到了 hug，还提到了其他的日常行为方式，从探究 hug 是否合适进行了讨论。
七选五： 71. 空格前面提到了一种广告的风格，空格后面提到了另外的一种，因此中间需要转折的句子，D 选项放在这里来承接转折关系。 72. 宣传片设计是用多米诺骨牌的概念，空格前面描述了多米诺骨牌的步骤，因此最后要突出宣 传的重点，答案选择 B。 73. 本段讲的是宣传片的选址， 空格后的 journey 与 G 选项中的 48 kilometers of dirt roads and cross twelve rivers 相对应。 74. 空格后面提到的做这个宣传片是比较费时费力的，因此 A 选项是个提炼段意的句子。 75. 空格前提到的电影工作人员不适应在这种环境下生存，空格处提到村民也没有做电影的经验， 前后呼应。
Text 1 M: Would you please tell me where I could get batteries for my camera? W: Yes, go down this street and turn right at the second crossing. Walk past a market. Then you will find a camera shop next to a furniture shop. Text 2 W: Why didn‘t you come to the party last night? M: Well, I went straight to the library after class. W: Why? Do you have a test today? M: No, I don‘t. I just wanted to find some books. Text 3 M: I just read your blood test report, and everything seems OK. W: I see. Then there is nothing to worry about. Text 4 W: Could you tell me the starting times for both performances? M: The first begins at 7:00 o‘clock, and it lasts two hours. The second follows immediately after a ten-minute break. Text 5 M: I wonder if you find my experience relevant to the job. W: Yes, certainly. But if only you had sent in your application letter a week earlier! Text 6 M: Mrs. Montgomery? I‘ve been trying to figure out when we should have the New Year‘s party. Could you take a look at these dates? W: Sure. The twenty-ninth is out. I‘ll be out of the office all day at a seminar. Either the twenty-eighth or the thirtieth is fine. M: Well, why don‘t we make it the thirtieth? We can have it from three to five. That way, everybody can just go home afterwards. W: Sounds good to me. You make the invitations. I‘ve got to run. I‘ve got a meeting in five minutes. Text 7 W: Hello, February‘s Department Store. Can I help you? M: Yes. Your advertisement in the Daily Paper says you have some bicycles on sale. I‘m really interested in buying one. W: I see. But we have three different brands available, Curzon, Aderson, and Instant. Which one would you prefer? M: I‘m not quite familiar with those brands. Could you recommend one for me? W: Well, that depends on what kind of bicycle you want. The Curzon is the cheapest one, only 60 dollars; the Aderson bike is a 2011 model, the newest one; the Instant is more comfortable than the other two, but it is the most expensive of all, 85 dollars. M: Oh, yes, it is really hard to decide. I think I‘ll come over and take a look at them. Thank you so
much. See you later. W: See you. ? Text 8 W: I remember you said we were going to stay three days in Chicago. M: We are. It‘s two nights in the hotel, July the 3rd and 4th, but three days altogether. W: I see. We arrive early on the third, and we leave at 11:30 p.m. on the fifth. M: That‘s correct. As you see, I‘ve got tickets for us on the night train to New York on the fifth. W: So it really is a full day on the fifth. M: Plenty of time for shopping, dear. We‘ll even have enough time for a show in the evening because the train station is near the theater district. W: What about hotels in New York City? M: It‘s New York Sheraton on 53rd Street. Though it‘s the tourist season, I was able to get a good room. W: That‘ll be great. We‘ll have a good time there right in the heart of Manhattan. M: Now after we stay in New York City, I‘ve planned our visit to Washington as you requested. You have two days there before we fly to Boston. ? Text 9 M: Hi, everyone! On behalf of Sunshine Island Tours, let me welcome you all to the island. We‘d like to thank you for choosing our exciting one-day round the island tour. My name‘s Jack and I‘ll be your guide. We‘ll be picking you up from your hotel at seven o‘clock tomorrow morning. Then we‘ll drive around the south of the island. Our first stop is Pigeon Point, where there is a beautiful view of the water below. And then we‘ll visit a small ice-cream factory, where you can see our delicious island ice-cream being made. We then continue around the island enjoying beautiful views of the Atlantic coast. And we‘ll stop for a typical Caribbean lunch at a nice seaside café. After lunch, we‘ll head north, stopping at a beach. So you need to take your swimsuit, towel and sunscreen. And finally we‘ll go to the nature reserve, where you can see parrots and monkeys. Ur, one more thing, there are extra costs. You might want to buy some souvenirs, like local jewellry. And you might want to tip your driver. OK. Are there any questions? Text 10 W: Tell me, Peter. What makes Harrods so famous? M: Well, it‘s the biggest department store in the UK, and its Food Hall and Egyptian Hall are very famous. W: What is special about the Food Hall? M: It sells many different kinds of food. For example, it has two hundred and fifty kinds of cheese from all over the world. W: That‘s amazing. And why is the Egyptian Hall so famous? M: Well, when people see it, they feel they are in another world. It looks like an Egyptian Building from 4,000 years ago. W: Is it true that Harrods produces its own electricity? M: Yes, it does. Seventy percent. Enough for a small town. W: Really? Tell me, how many customers do you have on an average day? M: About thirty thousand people come on an average day. But during the January sales, the number
increases to three hundred thousand customers a day. W: How much do they spend? M: Well, on average, the customers spend about 1.5 million pounds a day. During the January sales, the record for one day is nine million pounds.