T: What did you eat this morning? direct speech Tom: I ate … T： What did Tom say, Jack? reported speech Jack: He said
he ate …
1. How to Change the direct speech into reported speech?
She said, ‘This film is quite interesting.’ She said that that film was quite interesting.
‘Finish the project tomorrow.’ he said to me. He asked me to finish the project the next day.
(Change what has been said to an object clause or an infinitive phrase.)
2. What should we pay attention to?
1) personal pronouns and tense e.g Miss Yang said, ‘ I will buy a new dress.’ Miss Yang said that she would buy a new dress. Ex. Simon said, ‘ I wrote a letter.’ Simon said that he had written a letter. ?How to change the tense? Have a look.
Direct Speech Reported speech do
Direct Speech Reported speech will do
is/am/are doing did
was/were doing had done
have/has been doing
had been doing
Practice: Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1 ‘I haven’t brought my dictionary,’ the student said. The student said that he hadn’t brought his dictionary.
2 Tom said to them, ‘ I will get excited.’ Tom told them that he would get excited. 3 My father said to me, ‘I am reading the book.’ My father told me that he was reading the book.
‘Light travels at a great speed,’ said the teacher. The teacher said that light travels
at a great speed.
What should we pay attention to?
1 personal pronouns and tense learn more 2 adverbials of time and place about it e.g: He said, ‘I lost a key here yesterday.’ He said that he had lost a key there the day before/the previous day. Ex. ‘I read the book here a week ago.’Jane said to him. Jane told him that she had read the book there a week before.
Direct speech today tomorrow
yesterday next month last year
Reported speech that day/yesterday/on Monday, etc. the next day/the following day/on Tuesday, etc the day before/the previous day/on Sunday, etc the month after/the following month/in June, etc the year before/the previous year, etc. a week before/a week earlier, etc.
a week ago
Practice: Change the following sentences into reported speech.
1 ‘I will come and see you again this evening, Tom.’ he said. He told Tom that he would go and see him again that evening. 2 ‘I will come here again today,’ she said. She said that she’d go there again that day. 3 The doctor said to the patient, ‘You will have to wait till 3 pm tomorrow.’ The doctor told the patient that he would have to wait till 3 pm the next day.
What should we pay attention to?
1 personal pronouns and tense 2 adverbials of time and place 3 other cases
this these come
that those go
Ex: Page 9
Possible answers: (1) was (2) would be (4)that (5)would (7) that (8) would (10) her
(3) had read (6) had bought (9) those
Grammar and Usage (2)
How to change direct speech into reported speech?
? Sentence structure 1 personal pronouns and tense 2 adverbials of time and place 3 other cases
How to use reported speech to report:
questions imperative sentences
What words can be used to report
statements, questions, and imperative sentences?
Statements yes/no Questions wh-questions Imperative sentences reporting verb + O + (not) + to do that whether/if wh-words
She said, ‘Ads are an important part of our lives.’ She said that ads are an important part of our lives. ‘There are two main types of ads,’ the writer said to us. The writer told us that there are two main types of ads. *More reporting words:
advise/agree/ explain /insist /promise/remind/suggest/warn
‘PSAs are often placed for free,’ the writer said. Can you give The writer explained that PSAs aremore often placed for examples? free.
Practice: Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1 Tom suggested that we should translate the book into English.
Tom said, ‘You’d better translate the book into English.’
2 The student explained that he really didn’t know he had to finish the work a week before. The student said, ‘ I really don’t know I must finish the work a week ago.’ 3 The teacher promised that he would give his students a few holidays at the end of that month. The teacher said, ‘I will give my students a few holidays at the end of this month.’
‘Are all ads playing tricks on us?’I asked her. I asked her whether/if all ads are playing tricks on us. *I asked her, ‘How can that be true?’ I asked her how that could be true. “Where did you find the ads for jobs abroad?’Bill asked. Bill asked where I had found the ads for jobs abroad.
*To report imperative sentences, we use the structure: reporting verb+object+(not)+toinfinitive. ‘Don’t worry,Mickey,’ Jen said. Jen asked Mickey not to worry.
object (not) to-infinitive
*other can be used in this structure adviseverbs encourage invite remind warn ‘Don’t believe every ad you read,’ Lily said to me. Lily advised me not to believe every ad I read.
Let’s do some Ex for consolidation!You can do it well!
?The teacher said to me, ‘Don’t forget to learn the dialogue by heart.’ The teacher reminded me not to forget to learn the dialogue by heart.
?My brother said, ‘ Come here at once.’
My brother ordered me to go there at once My father said to us, ‘Don’t throw the waste paper everywhere.’ My father warned us not to throw the waste paper everywhere.
Ex. Page 11
A: 2 asked how it could help him remember English words. 3 ask whether/if it taught listening and speaking. 4 asked what the designer would do if she was not satisfied with soft ware. 5 asked whether /if it was easy to ues.
Ex. Page 11
B: 2 encourages us to use interesting and attractive photos. 3 recommends that we (should) use eye-catching logos. 4 suggests that we (should) make the slogans short and easy to remember. 5 tells us to make good use of colours to attact people’s attention.
1 Finish Ex on Page 92. 2 Make good preparation for Task part.