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Book3 Unit2


晨背佳句·日积月累

Unit 2

Unit 2
句型公式

Healthy eating

晨背佳句·日积月累
1.Not until+时间或句子+助动词/情态动词/be 动词+ 主语+其他 Not until I began to work did I realize how

much time I had wasted. 直到我开始工作,我才意识到我已经浪费了多少时间。

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晨背佳句·日积月累

Unit 2

2.So(用于肯定句)或 Neither/Nor(用于否定句)+助动词/ 情态动词/be 动词+主语+其他 I will never know what was in his mind at that time.Nor will anyone else. 当时对于他心里在想什么,我一无所知。别人也不知道。 3.表示地点、方位的状语或表语+谓语+主语 Along with the letter was his picture taken on the Great Wall.随信一起寄来的是他在长城上照的一张相片。

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晨背佳句·日积月累
写作素材 41.resist the temptation of...抵抗……的诱惑 42.have free access to the library 免费使用图书馆 43.have a command of English 英语能力强 44.expand the circle of friends 扩大朋友圈 45.on the evening of May 1st 5 月 1 日晚上 46.be qualified for the job 有资格做这个工作 47.make up 1/3 of the students 占学生总数的 1/3 48.keep up our courage 鼓起勇气 49.never give up 永不放弃 50.achieve our dreams 实现我们的梦想

Unit 2

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词汇梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

词汇梳理·授之以渔
Ⅰ.词汇与派生 A 联想记忆法 1.diet n.日常饮食;vi.节食→ on 去平衡→ balanced adj.平衡的 a diet 节食 2.balance vt.平衡;权衡;n.天平;平衡→ off balance 失 3.lie n.谎言;vi.说谎→lie in ...(原因、事实)在于?? 4.discount n.折扣→ at a discount 打折 5. weakness n. 缺点; 弱点; 虚弱→shortcoming n. 缺 点,短处(常用复数)

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词汇梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

6 . consult vt. 咨 询 ; 请 教 ; 商 量 →refer to /consult a dictionary for 在词典中查阅?? 7.debt n.债,债务→ in debt 欠债 8.glare vi.怒目而视;n.怒视→glare at 怒视→stare at 凝视→ glance at 瞥一眼;扫视 9. spy vi. & vt.窥视; 秘密监视; n.间谍→spy on 暗中监视, 侦查 10.sigh vi. & n.叹息,叹气→ sign n.迹象;征兆;招 牌;手势;vi. & vt.签名,签字;打手势 sth. = look up sth. in a dictionary

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词汇梳理·授之以渔
B 构词记忆法 1.curiosity n.好奇心→ curious adj.好奇的

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2.hostess n.女主人;女主持人→ host n.主人;节目主持人; 主办国(城);vt.主办;主持 3.strength n.强项,长处;力量→ strengthen vt.巩固,加 强 4.digest vi. & vt.消化;n.摘要→ digestion n.消化 5.limit vt.限制,限定;n.界限;限度→ limited adj.有限的 6 . benefit n .利益,好处; vt. & vi. 有益于,有助于;受益 → beneficial adj.有利的;有用的,有益的 7.combine vt. & vi.(使)联合;(使)结合→ combination n.结 合(体),联合(体)

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词汇梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

C 语境助记法 Out of curiosity, I consult her about how she keeps so slim and energetic.She explains that she never discounts the strength of the balance of a diet. She benefits from more fibre and the limited amount of fat. Believe it;it’s not a lie.

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词汇梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

学情自测 根据英文释义写出下列词汇 1. diet :to eat less food in order to lose weight 2. curiosity :a strong desire to know about sth. 3. raw :uncooked 4. weakness :lack of strength,power or determination 5. benefit :an advantage that sth. gives you

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词汇梳理·授之以渔
根据句意用所给词的适当形式填空

Unit 2

6 . Sunshine and moisture are beneficial (benefit) to living things. 7.It’s our duty to keep it

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balanced (balance).

8.Exercise and proper diet make you healthy and

strong (strength). glaring(glare) at each other without a 9. They stood there,
word. 10.If the pain continues, consult (consult) your doctor.

词汇梳理·授之以渔
Ⅱ.短语与拓展

Unit 2

1. lose weight 体重减轻;减肥→put on weight 增加体重 2.get away with 被放过;(做坏事)不受惩罚→get across解 释清楚;使人了解 3. win...back 赢回;重新获得 4. earn one’s living 谋生→ make a ...living 过??的生活 5. cut down 削减;删节→cut off 切掉,剪下;切断,断绝 6. before long 不久以后→ long before 很久以前;很长时间 之后才?? 7.(be) tired of... 对??厌烦、 厌倦→(be) tired from/with ... 由于??疲劳 8.be amazed at... 对??感到惊讶

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词汇梳理·授之以渔
学情自测 用介、副词填空

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1. If you cheat in the exam, you’ll never get away with it. 2.You ought to cut down on your intake of rich foods in order to keep healthy. 3.I’m sure these improvements will allow us to win back our market share. 4.Everybody was amazed at his design. 5 . That had happened long before ( = a long time earlier).We’ll know before long(=soon).

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词汇梳理·授之以渔
Ⅲ.单元语法自测 用适当的情态动词填空 1.You ought to have helped him with his English,

Unit 2

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shouldn’t/oughtn’t you? 2.—Shall we start early?
—Let’s not start too early. 3.You shall/must not refer to your notes in the test according to t he rule. 4.—Need I finish the work today? —Yes, you must ./No, you needn’.t 5.—Must we do it now? —No,you needn’.t

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

高频考点·深度探究
重点单词 1.balance n.a situation in which different things exist in equal, correct or good amounts 均衡;平衡;v.to put your body or sth. else into a position where it is steady and does not fall ; to compare the relative importance of two contrasting things 平衡;权衡

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高频考点·深度探究
keep/lose one’s balance保持/失去平衡 on balance总的来说 off balance失去平衡的 balance...against权衡,比较 balanced adj.平衡的 keep a balanced diet保持饮食平衡

Unit 2

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高频考点·深度探究

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(1) The key is to get your life back in balance. (2011· 山东,阅读表达) 关键是让你的生活回归平衡。 (2)You have to countryside

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balance the advantages of living in the against the disadvantages.

你得权衡一下住在乡下的好处和坏处。 (3)I think on balance I prefer the new education system. 总的来说,我觉得自己更喜欢新的教育体制。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

2.consult v. to go to sb. for information or advice 咨询; 请教;商量;to look in or at sth. to get information 查阅; 参看

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高频考点·深度探究
consult a dictionary 查字典 consult with sb. about/on sth.就某事与某人交换意见 consult sb. about sth.向某人咨询某事 consultant n.顾问

Unit 2

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(1)She began taking courses for both the Essential Skills in Fashion Certificate and the Image Consulting Certificate in May 2009. (2011· 福建,完形) 2009 年 5 月, 她开始上时尚证书基本技巧与形象咨询证书所需要的课 程。 (2)He consulted with his partners about that investment.他与合伙 人商量那项投资。 (3)We will be consulting with representatives from several different industries. 我们将和来自几个不同行业的代表们商量。 思考题 “查字典”有哪些表达? refer to a dictionary, turn to a

dictionary, look sth. up in a dictionary等。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

3. benefit n. an advantage that sth. gives you; a helpful and useful effect that sth. has 优势; 利益; 成效; v.to be useful to sb. or improve their life in some way 使受益;得益于 benefit from/by 从??中受益 be of benefit to=be beneficial to 对??有益 for one’s benefit=for the benefit of sb.为帮助某人;为 某人的利益 beneficial adj.有利的;有用的

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)One is testing with real patients,so as to prove that this is a technology they can benefit from. 他们可能从中受益的技术。 (2)These small businesses have benefited greatly from the fall in interest rates. 这些小企业因利率下降而获益。 (3)The new regulation will be of benefit to everyone concerned. =The new regulation will be beneficial to everyone concerned. 新规章将使所有有关人员获益。 (2011· 山东,阅读D) 其中一个目标是用真正的病人来测试,目的是证明这是一项

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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4. glare v. to look at sb. or sth. in a very angry way 怒视; n.an angry look 怒视;瞪眼 glare at 怒目而视 in the glare of 在??的注目下 glance at 看一眼,瞥一眼 at a glance 一眼,立刻 at first glance 乍一看,stare at 凝视;盯着??看 (1)Her mother was ironing clothes and every now and then she glared at her husband , who hid behind his newspaper pretending to read. (2011· 江西,阅读 A) 她母亲正在熨衣服,不时地瞅一眼她的丈夫,而他把自己藏在 报纸后面假装读报。 (2)The old gentleman just stood there glaring at the pickpocket. 这位老先生只是站在那里对那个扒手怒目而视。 (3)The sun glared down, dazzling them. 阳光强烈,照得他们头晕目眩。

高频考点·深度探究
短语与句式 1.get away with(做了某事)而不受惩罚;携带……跑掉 get across 解释清楚,使人了解 get along/on with 进展;(与??)相处 get around/round 走动;(消息)传开 get down

Unit 2

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to 开始;着手

get sb.down 使沮丧;使悲伤 (1)If cats and dogs can learn to get along,surely people have a good chance. (2011· 广东,阅读 B) 如果猫和狗能够学会相处,当然人们有一个好机会。 (2)If you cheat in the exam,you’ll never get away with it. 考试作弊必予追究。 (3)News soon got around that he had resigned. 他辞职的消息很快传开了。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

2.cut down 砍倒;削减,缩小(尺寸、数量或数目);驳倒 cut in (on sth.)插嘴;插入 cut off 切断;切掉;隔绝 cut out 剪除,切掉,割掉;删除 cut up切碎(=cut...into pieces) cut sth.in half/in two 将??对半切开

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)In addition,we are also seeing great growth in the global markets for sustainable products such as palm oil (棕榈油), which is produced without cutting down valuable rainforest. (2011· 广东,阅读D) 除此之外,我们也在看到可持续性产品诸如棕榈油在全球市 场的大量增加,它的生产不用砍伐有价值的雨林。 (2)I wish Marie would stop cutting in on all the time. 我希望玛丽在我们谈话时别老是插嘴。 (3)The electricity company is threatening to cut us off . 电力公司以停电威胁我们。 our conversation

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

3.He couldn’t have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies!他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉! 句式提取:have+复合结构 have sb.do sth. 叫某人做某事 ,have sb./sth.doing sth. 使某人 做??,使某物正处于??;与 can’t,won’t 连用,且主 语为第一人称时,表示“不容许,不许可”。 (1)叫人做某事 (2)遭遇某种(不幸的)事情 (3)表示“把??做完”,主语也可, 自己参加完成 have+宾语+to do (have 的意思是“有”)

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have sth. done

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)You can have money directly deposited into your Winners Club account. (2)I can’t have you speaking 我不允许你这样对我讲话。 (3)She had us laughing all through the meal. 在吃饭期间,她让我们笑个不停。 (2011· 江西,阅读 B) to me like this. 你能够把你的钱直接存入你的 Winners Club 账户。

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知识活用·回顾教材

Unit 2

知识活用·回顾教材
Ⅰ.根据课文内容完成语法填空 Wang Peng felt very frustrated 1.when he saw none of his patrons (常客) would eat in his restaurant.In his opinion,nothing could be better 2. than his fried rice,barbecued mutton kebabs, fatty pork or his sugary cola.Who won his customers?He followed one of his best friends into Yong Hui’s 3. newly(new) opened slimming restaurant and was amazed 4. at the menu there:raw vegetables,fruit and water.It was obvious that Yong Hui was telling lies when promising to make the customers 5. thinner (thin).In order to win his customers 6. back ,he went to the library to do some research,7. which showed Yong Hui’ s menu didn’t give the customers energygiving food.Having found out the weakness of Yong

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知识活用·回顾教材

Unit 2

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Hui’s menu,Wang Peng wrote his own sign,8. saying (say) energygiving food served.In fact,there was weakness in Wang Peng’s menu,too.Food at his restaurant 9. contains (contain) too much fat.So the only solution is to combine the two menus together to be 10. a balanced menu.

知识活用·回顾教材

Unit 2

Ⅱ.用约 30 个词概括课文内容 One morning , Wang Peng’s popular restaurant suddenly became empty, which frustrated him, but he found Yong Hui’s restaurant attracting many of his customers.To win them back,he had a competition against her.

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知识活用·回顾教材
Ⅲ.用本单元所学词汇、句式及语法翻译下列句子

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1.珍妮曾经是一个著名的主持人, 患上了肥胖症。(hostess,obesity)

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Jenny,once a famous hostess,suffered from obesity.
2.为了变苗条和谋生,她决定减肥。(slim,earn one’s living,lose weight)

To become slim and earn her living,she decided to lose weight.
3.她原以为这不久就能帮她减肥。(before long)

She had thought it would help lose weight before
long.
4.不幸的是,她继续发胖。(put on weight)

Unfortunately,she continued to put on weight.

知识活用·回顾教材
5.于是她咨询健康专家。(consult)

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So she consulted the health expert.
6.专家告诉她应当控制饮食,有健康平衡的饮食结构。减少脂肪和 糖分的摄入。(limit,balanced diet,cut down)

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The expert told her that she ought to limit her diet, have a healthy and balanced diet,and cut down fat and sugar.
7 .只有把节食和锻炼结合起来才能赢回苗条的身段和高薪工作。 (combine,win...back)

Only by combining dieting and exercise could she win back her slim figure and her wellpaid job.
8.珍妮从专家的建议里获益匪浅。(benefit)

Jenny benefited a great deal from the expert’s advice.

知识活用·回顾教材
连句成篇——将上述句子连成一篇意义连贯的五句话短文

Unit 2

Jenny,once a famous hostess,suffered from obesity and decided to lose weight to become slim and earn her living.At first, Jenny took slimming pills and thought it would help lose weight before long but unfortunately,she continued to put on weight.So she consulted the health expert who told her that she ought to limit her diet, have a healthy and balanced diet, and cut down fat and sugar.At the same time,the expert advised that she should take regular exercise and told her that only by combining dieting and exercise could she win back her slim figure and her wellpaid job.Jenny benefited a great deal from the expert’s advice and has lost 30 pounds within four months.

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能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

能力提升·决胜高考
阅读理解 A Should ecigarettes (electronic cigarettes) be a new choice for the smokers trying to get rid of the habit? Reactions from Americans are mixed.More than half of the people questioned in a survey think ecigarettes should be controlled by the US Food and Drug Administration , but 47 percent believe the ecigarettes should be available to the smokers who want to quit. “In the hunt for a safer cigarette,ecigarettes are becoming a popular choice among those either trying to quit or looking to replace standard tobacco smoke with an alternative that manufacturers claim to be safer,” Zogby International,which conducted the survey,said in a statement.

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能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

About half of the 4,611 adults who took part in the survey had heard about ecigarettes,which are batterypowered,or rechargeable cigarettes that vaporize a liquid nicotine solution.They do not produce smoke but a water vapor without smell.Sold mostly on the Internet,ecigarettes were first made in China. Last year the World Health Organization (WHO) warned against using ecigarettes, saying there was no evidence to prove they were safe or helped smokers break the habit.The WHO said people who smoke ecigarettes breathe in a fine fog of nicotine into the lungs.

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能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

Nearly a third of people questioned in the survey think that ecigarettes should be allowed in places where smoking is forbidden,because they don’t produce smoke,but 46 percent disagree.Men who were aware of the availability of ecigarettes were more likely than women to say they should be a choice available to smokers who want to quit.Young people,aged 18- 29 , and singles were the groups most open to trying ecigarettes.Smoking is the single largest cause of preventable death worldwide,according to the WHO.

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能力提升·决胜高考
1.What can we learn from Paragraph 1? A.American smokers ought to try ecigarettes.

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B.Americans have different opinions about ecigarettes. C . Every kind of cigarettes should be forbidden in America. D.Most of the Americans don’t like ecigarettes.
解析 细节理解题。根据第一段“Reactions from Americans

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are mixed.”可知,答案为 B。

答案

B

能力提升·决胜高考
2.According to Zogby International,ecigarettes A.are much safer than common cigarettes

Unit 2

B

.

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B.are popular among people who want to quit smoking C.will take the place of traditional cigarettes D.are produced in a safer way by manufacturers
解析 细节理解题。根据第二段“...ecigarettes are becoming a popular choice among those either trying to quit...”可知,答 案为 B。

能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

3.What do we know about ecigarettes from the passage? A.Most Americans are familiar with them. B.They are a good choice as there is no nicotine. C.They produce a water vapor that can’t be seen. D.Most people buy them on the Internet.
解析 细 节 理 解 题 。 根 据 第 三 段 “Sold mostly on the Internet...”可知,答案为 D。

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答案

D

能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

4.What’s the attitude of the WHO towards ecigarettes? A.Negative. C.Doubtful.
解析

B.Supportive. D.Indifferent.

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推理判断题。根据第四段“Last year the World Health

Organization (WHO) warned against using ecigarettes...”可推 断,答案为 A。

答案

A

能力提升·决胜高考
5.What can we conclude from the last paragraph?

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A.People can smoke ecigarettes in places where smoking is forbidden. B.Most women agree that ecigarettes should be available to smokers. C.Young adults and singles are the main groups who agree to try ecigarettes. D.The problem of smoking is becoming worse around the world. 解析 推理判断题。根据末段“Young people,aged 18-29,
and singles were the groups most open to trying ecigarettes.” 可推断,答案为 C。

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答案

C

能力提升·决胜高考
B

Unit 2

LONDON (Reuters)—New faces given to a Chinese man after a bear tore off part of his face and a FrenchCaribbean man disfigured by a rare tumor show that such transplants can work and are not medical oddities (怪异),researchers said. The findings give hope to some people with severe facial disfigurement and suggest the transplants could prove longlasting without major problems.Despite the tissue rejection in the first year after their transplants , neither men had psychological problems accepting their new faces and have been able to rejoin society,they reported.

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能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

Only three people have received face transplants.The world’s first was carried out on French woman Isabelle Dinoire in November 2005 after she was disfigured in an attack by her dog.In 2007 , her doctors reported that she had recovered slowly and steadily,overcoming two periods of rejection. In 2006,Chinese doctors performed a face transplant on a 30yearold hit by a bear.While there were some complications with tissue rejection following the operation, two years later the man was doing well , his doctors said.“This case suggests that facial transplantation might be an option for restoring a severely disfigured face,and could enable patients to bring themselves back into society,” Shuzhong Guo and colleagues at Xijing Hospital in China wrote.

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能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

A French team described their work on a 29yearold man who suffered from Von Recklinghausen disease,an illness that changes the shape of his face.“The man,who was not named, was given a new nose,mouth and chin in a 2007 operation.He began to work 13 months after the transplant has more function in his face and has not rejected the new tissue, ” his doctors said. “Our case confirms that face transplantation is practical and effective for the correction of specific disfigurement ,” Dr.Laurent Lantieri and colleagues at the HenriMondor hospital outside Paris wrote.

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能力提升·决胜高考
6.What’s the main idea of this passage? A.Face transplants can work. B.Face transplants help regain confidence. C.Three people have received face transplants. D.Disfigured people need face transplants.
解析

Unit 2

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主旨大意题。本文介绍了三例成功的手术,表明面部

移植手术是可行的。

答案

A

能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

7.What happened to the Chinese patient mentioned in the passage? A.He got a strange illness when he was young. B.He received several operations in hospital. C.He was the first person to receive a face transplant. D.He was once attacked by an animal.
解析 推理判断题。 根据第一段中“after a bear tore off part of his face”和第四段中“hit by a bear”可知 D 项正确。

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答案

D

能力提升·决胜高考
8.From the passage we can learn that

Unit 2

B

.

A.doctors have different opinions on facial disfigurement B . patients could regain selfconfidence after face transplants C.the new face of every patient has more functions than expected D.it is easy for disabled people to be accepted by society
解析 推理判断题。 根据第四段中的“could enable patients to bring themselves back into society”和第五段中的“He began to work 13 months after the transplant...”可判断出 B 项正确。

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能力提升·决胜高考

Unit 2

9. The underlined word “restoring” in Paragraph 4 means “

C

”. B.recovering D.rejecting

A.removing C.repairing
解析

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词义猜测题。restore 表示“修复;整修”。

能力提升·决胜高考
10.What problem resulted from the facial operations? A.The patients wouldn’t accept the facial change.

Unit 2

B.It was hard for the patients to get along with others. C.It took some time for the patients to recover from the operation. D.The patients usually suffered from tissue rejection. 解析 细节理解题。根据第二段和第三段提到的病例可知, 手术后病人都有面部组织的排异反应。

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答案

D

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

写作提升·步步为赢
讨论或辩论 一、篇章结构 1.开头: 提出问题或引出讨论或辩论的主题。 Recently we have had a discussion/debate on/about (whether)...最近我们就??进行了讨论。 2.主体: 陈述不同观点及其理由。 表示赞同: (1)be for (3)be for the idea (5)approve of (2)favour the idea (4)be in favour of (6)agree with

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

表示反对: (1)don’t agree with (3)disagree 表述理由: (1)because (3)they say (5)for the reason that 3.结尾:表明个人观点。 (1)Personally (3)In my opinion (2)As for me (2)for (4)saying that (2)be against the idea

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写作提升·步步为赢
二、套语背诵 1.开头:提出问题或引出讨论或辩论的主题。

Unit 2

We had a discussion about whether it is the only way out for senior students to go to college. 我们就上大学是否是高中生的唯一出路进行了讨论。 Recently our class have held a discussion on how to carry out the Citizens Basic Moral Standards and become a successful young man. 最近我班就如何实施公民基本道德规范和做一个有为青年进行 了讨论。 Recently,in our class there has been a heated discussion about whether the Beijing Zoo should be moved out of the city. 最近我班就北京动物园是否应迁出市区进行了讨论。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

I’m writing to tell you about a recent discussion our class have had on whether or not university students should be financially independent. 我写信是要告诉你,最近我班就大学生是否应该经济独立进行 讨论的情况。 注意 有时还会用 Opinions are divided on the question.之类的 过渡句,然后再引出不同观点。 2.表示赞同及理由。 Some of my classmates are in favour of the move.They say large crowds of tourists to the zoo will result in traffic jams.They also say... 有的同学赞同迁出。他们认为参观动物园的旅客太多会造成交 通拥挤。他们还认为??

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

The majority of the students hold the opinion that punishing the passengers helps to reduce traffic accidents and increase traffic safety. 大多数学生持这种观点:惩罚(乘坐醉酒驾车的)乘客有助于减少交 通事故和提高交通安全。 3.表示反对及理由。 由正及反常用 however,on the other hand 等过渡词语。 4.表示赞成或反对人数的比例。 60% of the students are against the idea of...They believe... 百分之六十的学生反对??的想法,他们认为?? Nearly 70% of us disagree since...,so that they won’t form the good habit of studying. 近百分之七十的人不同意, 因为??因此他们不能养成良好的学习 习惯。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

5.结尾:表明个人观点。 From what has been discussed above, we can receive a better education at college so that we can serve our motherland better. 从上面的讨论看,我们都能接受良好的教育,以便更好地报 效祖国。 Personally,I prefer to work in a team,which offers me a chance to learn how to get along with others and to share my experience with them. 就我个人而言,我更愿意在一个团队里工作,在这里能给我 提供与其他人相处和与他们分享我的经验的机会。

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写作提升·步步为赢
三、范文: 禁止乞丐在地下人行道行乞留宿

Unit 2

Recently,Guangzhou passed a law to ban beggars from begging and sleeping in the subways and our class had a discussion about it last Monday. 56% of the students don’t agree with the idea because they think some beggars really have difficulty in making a living and have to play music in the subway to survive. However,44% of the students favour the idea because they think beggars bring a lot of trouble for the city.What’s more, some beggars are just taking advantage of people’s compassion to make easy money. Personally, I think it is a good idea to forbid beggars from begging and sleeping in public places and we should take some measures to help them.

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