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高中英语虚拟语气思维导图


高中英语虚拟语气思维导图
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虚拟情况 If 条件句 主句 主语+(would; could; should; might) +V 原

与 现 在 事 实 相 If+主语+V 过 反

与 过 去 事 实 相 If+ 主 语 +had+ V 主语+(would; could; shou

ld; might ) 反 过分 have +V 过 主语+(would; could; should; might) +V 原

与 将 来 事 实 可 If+主语+V 过 能相反 Should+V 原 Wereto+V 原

例句: 1、表示与现在事实相反的情况: 1.If I were you,I would take an umbrella. 如果我是你,我会带把伞。(事实:我不可能是你) 2.If I knew his telephone number,I would tell you. 如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会告诉你。(事实:不知道) 3.If there were no air or water,there would be no living things on the earth. 如果没有水和空气,地球上就不会有生物。(事实:地球上既有空气也有水) 4.If I had any money with me,I could lend you some. 如果我带钱了,我就会借给你些。(事实:没带钱) 2.表示与过去事实相反的情况 1. If I had got there earlier, I should/could have met her. 如果我早到那儿,我就会见到她。 (事实:去晚了) 2.If he had taken my advice,he would not have made such a mistake. 如果他听我的劝告的话, 就不会犯这样的错误了。 (事实: 没有听我的话) 3、表示对将来情况的主观推测 1.If he should come here tomorrow,I would talk to him.

如果他明天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。(事实:来的可能性很小) 2.If there were a heavy snow next Sunday,we would not go skating. 如果下周日下大雪,我们就不能去滑冰了。(事实:不知能否下雪) 3.If she were to be here next Monday,I would tell her about the matter. 如果她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事的始末。

【典型例题】 1) If I had seen the movie, I ______________ you all about it now. A. would tell B. will tell C. have told D. would have told 2 ) If he _______ my advice, he wouldn't have lost his job. (2010 年湖南卷) A. followed B. should follow C. had followed D. would follow 3)John went to the hospital alone. If he ______ me about it, I would have gone with him. (2010 年天津卷) A. should tell B. tells C. told D. had told 4) If we _______ the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. (2010 年陕西卷) A. take B. had taken C. took D. have taken 5)—The weather has been very hot and dry. —Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables ______. (2010 年北京卷) A. wouldn't die B. didn't die C. hadn't died D. wouldn't have died



例句: 1. Were I Tom, I would refuse. 如果我是汤姆,我会拒绝。 2. Should it be necessary, I would go. 假若有必要,我会去的。 3. Had it not been for the bad weather we would have arrived on time. 若不是天气坏,我们就准时到达了。 4. We didn’t know his telephone number; otherwise we would have telephoned him. 我们不知道他的电话号码,否则我们就会给他打电话。 5. I was busy that day. Otherwise I would have come to help you. 我那天很忙。否则我会来帮你的。 6. Without your help, we wouldn’t have achieved so much. 没有你的帮助,我们不可能取得这么大的成绩。 7. But for your help,I would not have succeeded in the experiment. 如果没有你的帮助,我的实验就不会成功。

【典型例题】 1)He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he ______ a goal. (2001 年上海春季卷) A. had scored B. scored C. would score D. would have scored

2) But for their help, we _______ the program in time. (2009 年安徽卷) A. can not finish B. will not finish C. had not finished D. could not have finished 3)But for the help of my English teacher, I ______ the first prize in the English Writing Competition. (2009 年福建卷) A. would not win B. would not have won C. would win D. would have won 4) _____it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will 5)___the clouds, you would find the airplane in the sky easily A. Had it not been for Were it not for 6) ____hard, he would have passed the exam A. If he were to work to work 7) ____today, he would get there by Friday A. Were he to leaveB. If he had left left 8) Had you listened to the doctor, you ____all right now A. are B. were C. would be D. would have been C. Did he to leave D. Had he B. Had he worked C. Should he work D. Were he B. If it were not C. If it had not been for D.

9) Without electricity, human life ____quite difficult today A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be

10) But for water, it ____impossible to live in the earth A. is B. would C. were D. wouldn’t be



1:necessary; strange; important; insist; suggest; order; natural 2:一条建议:insist 两道命令:order command 三条建议:suggest advise propose 四点要求:demand require desire ask . 3.insistence suggestion order proposal demand

例句: 1. He insists he is a student. 他坚持说他是个学生 2. His face suggests that he looks worried . 他的表情暗含着他很担心。 3. It is strange that such a person should be our friend. 奇怪的是这样一个人会成为我们的朋友。 4. We all agreed to his suggestion that we (should) go to Beijing for sightseeing. 他建议我们到北京旅游观光,我们都同意了。 5. My advice is that he (should) exercise first. 我的建议是他应该先做练习。 6. It is suggested that you (should) spend more time in English. 你应该花更多的时间学习英语。 7. She examined the door again for fear that a thief (should) come in.

她又把门检查了一遍,以防盗贼的进入。 8. He started out earlier lest he (should) be late. 他早早的就出发了以防迟到 【典型例题】 1 ) Jane's pale face suggested that she ______ ill, and her parents suggested that she ______ a medical examination. (1994 年上海卷) A. be; should have B. was; have C. should be; had D. was; has 2)Mr. Johnson insisted that the problem worthy of attention ______ (讨 论) at the meeting. (discuss) (2010 年湖北卷) 【解析】 动词 insist 引导的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,从句结构是(should) +动词原形,主语 problem 是“被讨论”,故使用被动形式,故答案为(should) be discussed。 3) I insisted _____to see a doctor, but he insisted nothing ___ wrong with him A. on him to go; should be B. he went; be C. he go; was D. he should to; is 4) I suggested the person _____ to be put into prison A. refers B. referring C. referred D. refer

5) Mike’s father, as well as his mother, insisted he ____home A. stayed B. could stay C. has stayed D. stay

6) She insisted that a doctor _____ immediately A. had sent for B. send C. be sent for D. was sent

7) The chairman insisted that we ____the question again A. will discuss B. to discuss discussed 8) He requested that the students ____them get in crops A. help B. to help C. helped D. helping C. should discuss D. will be

9) The guard at the gate insisted that everybody _____the rules A. obeys B. Obey C. will obey D. would obey

10) It is strange that he ____back so early A. came B. will come C. had come D. should have come

11) Mother suggested that I ___my homework first before watching TV A. did B. do C. shall do D. have done

12) My suggestion is that the meeting ____off till nest Sunday A. be put B. put C. should put D. had been put

13) The teacher demanded that the exam _____ before eleven A. must finish B. would be finished finished C. be finished D. must be



例句: 1. I wish I had your brains. 我希望我有你那样的头脑。(事实:我根本比不上你) 2. I wish I had known the truth of the matter. 我希望我那时就知道这件事情的真相。(事实:那时还不知道) 3. I wish I should have a chance again. 我希望我还能有一次这样的机会。(事实:很难再有这样的机会了) 【典型例题】 1) How I wish every family __b____ a large house with a beautiful garden!

(2002 年上海春季卷) A. has B. had C. will have D. had had 2)Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it __d____ yesterday. (2006 年全国卷 I) A. was happening B. happens C. has happened D. happened 3)Look at the trouble I am in! If only I c______ your advice. (2003 年上海春季卷) A. followed B. would follow C. had followed D. should follow 4)If only he ____quietly as the doctor instructed, he would not suffer so much now. A. lies B. lay C. had lain D. should lie 5) How I wish every family ____a large house with a beautiful garden. A. has B. had C. will have D. had had 6)If only I ___my car A. hadn’t lost haven’t lost 7)I wish I ____here then A. was B. had been C. were D. would be B. wouldn’t lose C. didn’t lose D.

8)How I wish I ____ to repair the watch! I only made it worse A. had tried B. hadn’t tried C. have tried D. didn’t try



例句: 1)I'd rather you had seen the film yesterday. 我倒想你昨天看过了这场电影。 2)I'd rather you were here now. 我倒想你现在在这儿。 3)We'd rather you went here tomorrow. 我们倒想你明天去那儿 4)I would rather you went next Sunday. 我情愿你下周日走。 5)I would rather you hadn't done that. 我真希望你没做那件事。 【典型例题】 1)George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I'd rather he ______ more on its culture. (2010 年江苏卷) A. focus B. focused C. would focus D. had focused 2)---Your aunt invites you to the movies today ---I had rather she ____ me tomorrow than today A. tells B. told C. would tell D. had told 3)---Did you scold him for his carelessness ----Yes, but ____it A. I’d rather not do should’t do B. I’d rather not have done C. I

D. I’d better not do

4)I would rather you ____anything about it for the time being A. do B. didn’t do C. don’t D. didn’t

5)I would rather you ____at once A. leave B. will leave C. left D. should leave



It's high time that he went / should go to bed. 到了他该上床睡觉 的时候了。 【典型例题】 1)It is high time that we ____ a meeting to discuss this problem A. hold B. held C. have held D. had held

2)It is high time you ____ to school A. will go B. would go C. went D. had gone

练习题
1. If only he ____quietly as the doctor instructed, he would not suff er so much now. A. lies B. lay C. had lain D. should lie

2. How I wish every family ____a large house with a beautiful garden. A. has B. had C. will have D. had had

3. You did not let me drive. If we ____in turn, you ____ so tired A. drove; didn’t get B. drove; wouldn’t get D. had driven ; wouldn’t hav

C. were driving; wouldn’t get

e got 4. _____it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Y angpu Bridge A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will

5. I suggested the person _____ to be put into prison A. refers B. referring C. referred D. refer

6. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it____ A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken

7. I insisted _____to see a doctor, but he insisted nothing ___ wrong with him A. on him to go; should be C. he go; was B. he went; be D. he should to; is

8. ---Your aunt invites you to the movies today ---I had rather she ____ me tomorrow than today A. tells 名题精练 9. ---Would you have called her up had it been possible ---Yes, but I ____busy doing my homework A. was B. were C. had been D. would be B. told C. would tell D. had told

10. I was ill that day, otherwise I ____ the sports meet A. would have taken part in C. had taken part in B. took part in D. would take part in

11. ___the clouds, you would find the airplane in the sky easily A. Had it not been for C. If it had not been for B. If it were not D. Were it not for

12. If my lawyer ____here last Sunday, he ____ me from going A. had been, would have prevented C. were, prevent B. had been, would prevent D. were, would have prevented

13. ____hard, he would have passed the exam

A. If he were to work C. Should he work

B. Had he worked D. Were he to work

14. ____today, he would get there by Friday A. Were he to leave C. Did he to leave B. If he had left D. Had he left

15. Had you listened to the doctor, you ____all right now A. are B. were C. would be D. would have been

16. I did not see your sister at the meeting. If she ____, she would have met my brother A. has come B. did come C. come D. had come

17. He ____busy yesterday, or he ___you with your experiment. A. was, had helped B. was, would have helped D. were, would have helped

C. had been, would have helped

18. If it ____for the snow, we____ the mountain yesterday A. were not, could have climb B. were not, could climb D. hadn’t been, could climb

C. had not been, could have climbed

19. Without electricity, human life ____quite difficult today A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be

20. ---I am going to tell her the news ---I would as soon you _____her about it A. didn’t tell C. hadn’t tell B. don’t tell D. won’t tell

21. Mike’s father, as well as his mother, insisted he ____home A. stayed C. has stayed B. could stay D. stay

22. It was requested that the play ____again A. should put on C. be put on B. would put on D. put on

23. She insisted that a doctor _____ immediately

A. had sent for

B. send C. be sent for

D. was sent

24. ---Did you scold him for his carelessness ----Yes, but ____it A. I’d rather not do C. I should’ t do 25. If only I ___my car A. hadn’t lost C. didn’t lose B. wouldn’t lose D. haven’t lost B. I’d rather not have done D. I’d better not do

26. But for water, it ____impossible to live in the earth A. is B. would C. were D. wouldn’t be

27. I would rather you ____anything about it for the time being A. do B. didn’t do C. don’t D. didn’t

28. The kind-hearted couple treat the orphan very well as though he _ ___ their own son A. is B. were C. had been D. should be

29. How the old people wish that they ____young once more A. were B. could become C. had been D. should be

30. It is high time that we ____ a meeting to discuss this problem A. hold B. held C. have held D. had held

31. The thief closed his eyes ____ he ____dying A. even if , was C. even, had been B. though, would be D. as if, were

32. I wish that you ____ such a bad headache because I am sure that y ou would have enjoyed the concert A. had not B. did not have had C. hadn’t had D. hadn’t have

33. The chairman insisted that we ____the question again A. will discuss B. to discuss d C. should discuss D. will be discusse

34. He requested that the students ____them get in crops A. help B. to help C. helped D. helping

35. The guard at the gate insisted that everybody _____the rules A. obeys B. obey C. will obey D. would obey

36. I wish I ____here then A. was B. had been C. were D. would be

37. It is strange that he ____back so early A. came B. will come C. had come D. should have come

38. Mother suggested that I ___my homework first before watching TV A. did B. do C. shall do D. have done

39. My suggestion is that the meeting ____off till nest Sunday A. be put B. put C. should put D. had been put

40. He is talking so much about America as if he ____ there A. had been B. has been C. was D. been

41. The teacher demanded that the exam _____ before eleven A. must finish B. would be finished shed 42. ---Sorry, Joe. I did not mean to?? ----Don’t call me “Joe”, I am Mr. Parker to you, and ____ you forg et it! A. do B. didn’t C. did D. don’t C. be finished D. must be fini

43. I did not attend the lecture by Pro. Jackson. I ____ but I ____ a ll this morning A. would, have washed B. could, have been washing D. could have, had washing

C. would have, have been washing

44. How I wish I ____ to repair the watch! I only made it worse A. had tried B. hadn’t tried C. have tried D. didn’t try

45. ----How could I thank you enough? ----Don’t mention it. Any other man ____it

A. must do

B. could do

C. would have done

D. should have done

46. Key European governments insist Iraq’s co-operation ____ good an d military action______ to allow inspections to continue A. be, be delayed C. should be, be delayed B. is, delay D. is , be delayed

47. If the hurricane had happened during the day-time, ____more death s A. it would have been C. there would be B. it would be D. there would have been

48. What the customers_____ from the company is that the goods ____ r ight to their homes. A. requested, deliver C. request, should deliver B. demand, be delivered D. demand, delivered

49. If law-breakers _____ the society will be in disorder A. made unpunished C. went unpunished B. came unpunished D. not punished

50. We took a taxi to the airport. Otherwise we ____late A. would be B. were C. will be D. would have been

51. Supposing he never ____, what would happen then A. come B. came C. would come D. will come

52. What do you think his proposal that we ____ a play at the English meeting A. had put on C. have put on B. should put on D. will put on

53. I hope that you ____ right A. will be B. should be C. were D. would be

54. As you know, I am a disabled man, but I would be happy if I ___of service to you A. am B. have been C. should be D. would be

55. He insisted that we ____early the next morning A. start B. started C. would start D. had started

56. I did not see your sister at the meeting. If she ____, she would have met my brother A. has come B. did come C. had come D. came

57. We ____last night, but we went to the cinema instead A. must have studied C. would study B. might study D. would have studied

58. If it _____the snow, we _____the Simian Mountain last week A. were not, could have climbed B. were not, could climb D. had not been, could climb

C. had not been , could have climbed

59. Without electricity human life ____quite different today A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be

60. I wish I _____ you yesterday A. seen B. did see C. had seen D. were to see

61. He talks as if he ____for ages A. is living there B. was living there C. has lived there ed there 62. The judge ordered the thief ____punished A. should be B. would be C. was to be D. must be D. had liv

63. Her pale face suggested that she ____ ill, and her parents sugges ted that she _____ a medical examination A. be, should have B. was, have C. should, had D. was, has

64. They are talking ____they had known each other for years A. as if B. even if C. like D. because

65. Had you done as I told you, you____ A. would succeed C. were to succeed B. would have succeeded D. should succeed

66. ______your help, I ____the exam

A. Without, will fail

B. If not , will fail D. If it is not for, would have faile

C. But for, would have failed d

67. I would rather you ____at once A. leave B. will leave C. left D. should leave

68. ____today, she would arrive in New York by Tuesday A. If he leaves C. Was he leaving B. Would he have left D. Were he to leave

69. It is high time you ____ to school A. will go B. would go C. went D. had gone

70. If he had taken the doctor’s advice, he _____been in hospital no w A. shouldn’t B. hadn’t C. wouldn’t have D. would not

71. It is necessary that he ____to the lab right now A. come B. came C. would come D. is coming

72. But that he ____ it, he wouldn’t have believed it A. see B. saw C. had seen D. sees

73. Their suggestion is that the wounded soldiers____ to hospital at once A. be sent B. is sent C. was sent D. should send

74. I would buy that car but I ____enough money A. do not have B. did not have C. will not have D. had not had

75. If only we____ about the danger, we couldn’t have joined you A. knew B. had known C. would know D. should know

76. It was ordered that no smoking ____in the library A. was allowed C. be allowed B. would be allowed D. had been allowed

77. ____you come earlier, you would have met him A. Should B. would C. Could D. Had

78. ---You should have finished your homework earlier ----I know but I ____the time A. don’t have B. didn’t have C. won’t have D. had not

79. I tried his best in everything, _____he wouldn’t have been what he was A. otherwise B. but C. and D. but that

80. How I wish I ____such a good chance before A. didn’t miss C. met B. hadn’t missed D. have met

81. ___your letter, I would have started off two days ago A. If I could have received C. Should I received B. If I received D. Had I received

82. I would ask Tom to lend us money if I ____ him A. had known B. knew C. have known D. know

83. If it ____tomorrow, what shall we do? A. rains B. would rain C. rained D. should rain

84. If he ___come a few minutes earlier, you would have met him A. would B. should C. / D. had

85. If he were to come tomorrow, things___ easier A. should be C. are B. would be D. can be

86. If you ____that late movie last night, you would not be so sleepy now A. haven’t watched C. hadn’t watched B. didn’t watch D. wouldn’t have watched

87. ____difficulties, we would be successful A. Should we overcome C. Might we overcome B. Would we overcome D. Could we overcome

88. If only everything___ out, as we wanted it to in life A. is working B. worked C. works D. has worked

89. Mary _____ to college last year. Unfortunately, she could not tak e the examinations because of a sudden illness A. could go B. did go C. could have gone D. must have gone

90. I wish it ____ not so cold outside A. shall be B. be C. were D. is

91. He insisted that we all ____ in his office at one o’clock A. be B. to be C. would be D. shall be

92. He insisted that he ____ our car A. should steal C. hadn’t stolen B. would steal D. steal

93. Their suggestion is that we____ go out for a walk A. can B. have C. shall D. /

94. It is necessary that he ____ in time to attend the meeting A. come B. came C. would come D. need come

95. I ____that she had left her home yesterday A. have thought C. had thought B. think D. should think

96. We have been sitting doing nothing about it for days. It is time we ____the problem A. shook hands with C. got to solve B. got to brass tacks with D. reached the bottom of

97. He has just arrived, but he talks as if he ____ about that A. know C. known B. knows D. knew

98. In case I _____, I would try again A. will fail C. should fail B. would miss D. shall fail

99. ____ I will marry him all the same A. Were he rich or poor B. Be he rich or poor

C. Whether rich or poor

D. Being rich or poor

100. Without gravity, we ____ able to walk A. were 答案 C B D B C C C B A A D A B A C D B C D A D C C B A C B B A B D C C A B B D B A A C D C B C D D B C D B B A A A C D C D C D A B A B C C D C D A B A A B C D B A B D B A D B C A B C C A C D A C C D C B D B. should be C. can be D. should not be


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