东莞市 2014 届高三模拟试题（三） 英 语
满分 135 分 考试时间 120 分钟
I 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 : 完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中， 选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My
daughter performed on behalf of her class in the annual school concert today. She played so __1__ that I could not help cheering her. The very scene reminded me of her tough __2__ of piano practicing. When she was five, we gave her a piano as a birthday present. With great __3__, she began learning it. However, when she was no longer curious, she became __4__ of it. After all, it is a tough job to learn the piano, not to mention the daily __5__ of practice. When her first teacher left, my friend __6__ me to an American teacher whose way of teaching was completely American. After practicing, she would give my daughter some __7__ comments on the excellent part, and then point out what should be ___8___. Every time she came, instead of beginning the lesson right away, she would first play some ___9___. She said, ―To learn the piano, you should learn not only the skills of playing, but more ___10___, to feel the music and love it.‖ After some time, my daughter became __11__ of her lessons. Sometimes she even would like to show off a little bit when her skill had reached a certain level. Surprisingly, my daughter said to me one day, ―Mom, I was __12__ that you didn’t give up my piano lessons. Learning it is like ___13___ a mountain. You’ll feel ___14___ when you are on the way. When you look down from where you are, you will realize that you have been making progress. But if you ___15___, you’ll never take one more step.‖ Hearing these inspiring words, I could not hold my tears, thinking that is the very thing I want to teach her, something that is more important than learning piano. 1. A. smoothly 2. A. impressions 3. A. confidence 4. A. proud B. patiently B. experiences B. pressure B. skeptical C. carefully C. memory C. commitment C. sick D. happily D. feelings D. excitement D. aware
5. A. routine 6. A. led 7. A. common 8. A. reduced 9. A. games 10. A. importantly 11. A. tired 12. A. ashamed 13. A. facing 14. A. tired
B. happiness B. suggested B. positive B. limited B. tricks B. surprisingly B. fond B. shocked B. trying
C. expectation C. introduced C. general C. improved C. roles C. necessarily C. frightened C. lucky C. moving
D. condition D. directed D. unfavorable D. neglected D. music D. hopefully D. ashamed D. afraid D. climbing D. excited
B. disappointed C. hopeless
15. A. hurt B. decline C. hesitate D. stop 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个 适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16—25 的相应位置上。 A fox one day fell into a deep well and could find no means of escape. A Goat, suffering from thirst, 16_________ (come) to the same well, and seeing the Fox, asked 17_________ the water was good. Pretending to be happy and merry, the Fox praised 18________delicious taste of the water and encouraged him to go down. The Goat, 19_______only minded his own thirst, thoughtlessly jumped down, but just as he drank, the Fox informed him of the 20 __________ (difficult) they were both in and suggested a plan for their common escape. "If," said he, "you will place your forefeet upon the wall and bend your head, I will run up your back and escape, and will help you out afterwards." The Goat 21_________ (ready) agreed and the Fox leaped upon his back. 22_________________ (reach) safely the mouth of the well, the fox ran off as fast as he could. When the Goat blamed him for breaking 23_________promise, he turned around and cried out, "You foolish old fellow! If you had as many brains in your head as you have hairs in your beard, you would never have gone down 24___________ you had inspected the way up, nor have exposed yourself to dangers 25___________which you had no means of escape." Ⅱ 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读理解 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、和 D 项中选出最佳选项。 A For the majority of us, when we were 12 years old, schoolwork and videogames may well be our only memories of those days. If we remember guns being pointed at our heads, we think that we must be remembering videogames or movies. Unfortunately, at age 12, that was Malala Yousafzai’s real life.
Born in Swat Valley in Pakistan in 1997, Malala lived a quiet life until 2009, when the Taliban, an Islamic organization of violence took control of her village. They forbade girls to go to school as groups. They believe that educating girls is against Islam, according to Sky News. But Malala didn’t agree. She wouldn’t give up her education and started to write a blog that was critical of the Taliban. ―What is wrong with us (female students)?‖ she wrote on the BBC site. ―We want all girls to get their schools back.‖ However, her actions put her in danger. On Oct 9, 2012, when Malala was taking a bus to her home, CNN described, a man from the Taliban holding a gun got on board and demanded: ―Which one of you is Malala?‖. ―I am Malala,‖ she answered, and a bullet instantly hit her in the head. Luckily, the shot didn’t kill her. She was taken to a hospital in the UK, and she gradually recovered. The shot didn’t kill her courage to carry on, either. At the start of this year she set up the Malala Fund. In April, the fund helped put 40 girls from her former home province in Pakistan into schools. Malala Yousafzai has become an international symbol of inspiration and bravery, commented ABC News. Her survival has ―instilled educators with courage – and is slowly helping make Pakistani schools safer‖. Being called ―the bravest girl in the world‖ by CNN, Malala gave a speech at the United Nations in New York on education rights on July 12, her 16th birthday. ―They thought that the bullets would silence us, but they failed,‖ Malala said in her speech. ―The terrorists thought they would change my aims and stop my ambitions. But nothing changed in my life except this: weakness, fear and hopelessness died. Strength, power and courage were born.‖ On Oct 10, the European Union awarded Malala its top human rights prize. ―She is an icon (符号) of courage for all teenagers who dare to follow their aspirations ,‖ said Joseph Daul, chairman of the European People’s Party. 26. We can infer from paragraph 1 that________. A. Students at the age of 12 watch videogames every day. B. We often watch movies in which there are guns pointing at our heads. C. Our life is peaceful. D. Video games and homework change our life. 27. According to Islam, which of the following can girls do? A. Go to school B. Stay at home C. Give a speech in public D. Write a blog 28. Why did BBC comment ―her survival is slowly helping make Pakistani schools safer‖? A. The terrorists change their goals gradually. B. She guards the schools every day. C. She gave a speech at the United Nations broadcast internationally. D. She proved that courage and ambition can be powerful.
29. What does the underlined word ―aspirations‖ in the last paragraph mean? A. inspiration B. devotion C. intention D. ambition 30. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Follow your dream B. Fight for your rights C. A girl driven by her dreams D. Strength, power and courage help us succeed B If you bought some candy months ago but never ate it, how can you tell whether it’s still eatable? The easiest way is to check the ―expiration dates‖(保质期) printed on the wrapper. If that date has already passed, you’re likely to throw the candy away. But is that really necessary? According to a new report from the US Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), tons of food is wasted each year, largely because people don’t fully understand what ―expiration dates‖, or ―use-by dates‖, actually mean. Food dating was introduced in the 1970s because consumers wanted more information about the things that they were eating. When they first showed up, ―use-by dates‖ were only supposed to indicate freshness because producers wanted their products to be tasted in their best conditions. However, most customers mistakenly believed that ―use-by dates‖. But the truth is indicated how safe the food was, and they still largely do that these dates aren’t related to the risk of food poisoning or food-borne illness, according to Time News. Eggs, for example, can still be eaten three to five weeks after purchase, even though the ―use-by date‖ is much earlier. When their ―use-by dates‖ pass, strawberry-flavored beverages may lose their red color and biscuits may lose their good taste, but they are not harmful. ―It’s a confusing subject, the difference between food quality and food safety,‖ said Jena Roberts, vice president of National Food Lab, a US food testing company. ―Even in the food industry I have colleagues who get confused.‖ This is why scientists are calling for a standard explanation to be printed following the ―use-by dates‖. ―We want this to be clearly communicated so consumers are not misunderstanding the data and contributing to a bunch of waste,‖ said Dana Gunders, a staff scientist with the NRDC. But this won’t be a mistake that is easy to correct since people have believed it for so long. Another problem is that the quality levels of different foods change differently – some are still eatable long after their use-by date while others are not. As a result, food industry officials are now thinking of changing the use -by date to a date indicating when food is most likely to spoil. 31. ―expiration dates‖, or ―use-by dates‖, actually means that_______. A. You should throw away the food when the day passes. B. Food keeps fresh before that day.
C. Food can’t be eaten after that day. D. Food are still eatable long after their ―use-by date‖ 32. The following things can’t be eaten or drunk except_______. A. a candy which has been stored for several years B. biscuits which lose their crunch C. a bottle of orange juice which has just passed the ―use-by dates‖ D. eggs that have a strange smell 33. What can we infer from the sixth paragraph? A. high-quality food doesn’t mean to be safe B. Some people working in the food industry are always confused C. Food quality is equal to food safety D. The differences between food quality and food safety are hard to say 34. What does ―it‖ in the eighth paragraph mean? A. the misunderstanding of ―expiration dates‖ B. a mistake C. a bunch of waste D. a standard explanation 35. What’s the main purpose of the passage? A. To introduce different ways to recognize ―use-by dates‖ B. To offer some advice on how to purchase food. C. To correct people’s wrong opinion on ―use-by dates‖ D. To compare the differences between food quality and food safety C The pickle jar, as far back as I can remember, sat beside the dresser in my parents’ bedroom. When he got ready for bed, Dad would toss any coins that were in his pockets into the jar. As they dropped, they landed with a merry jingle. Whenever the jar was full, Dad would sit at the kitchen table and roll up the coins before taking them to the bank. Every time, as he slid the box of rolled coins across the counter at the bank toward the cashier, he would smile proudly and say: ―These are for my son’s college fund.‖ We would always celebrate each deposit by stopping for an ice cream cone. Dad would show me the coins in his change and say: ―When we get home, we’ll start filling the jar again.‖ He always let me drop the first coins into the empty jar. ―You might have to get to college on loose change,‖ he said. ―But you’ll get there.‖ The years passed, and I went to college, married and took a job in another town. Once, while visiting my parents, I noticed that the pickle jar was gone. It had served its purpose. My dad was a man of few words, and he never lectured me on the values of determination, perseverance or faith. The pickle jar had taught me all of those far better than the most flowery of words could have done. Soon, my daughter Jessica was born. We spent Christmas that year with my parents. After dinner, Mom and Dad sat next to each other on the sofa, taking turns holding their first grandchild. When Jessica began to cry, my wife Susan took her from Dad’s arms to put her in her crib in my parents’ room.
Susan came back with tears in her eyes. She led me into my parents’ room. ―Look,‖ she said softly. To my amazement, there, next to the dresser, as if it had never been removed, stood the old pickle jar, the bottom already covered with coins. I walked over to it, dug down into my pocket, and pulled out several coins. Choked by emotion, I dropped them into the jar. I looked up and saw that Dad had slipped quietly into the room. Our eyes locked, and I knew he was feeling the same emotions. Neither of us spoke, because we knew that nothing had to be said. 36. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. The author felt disappointed when he found that the pickle jar was gone. B. The author and his wife were both grateful for what his parents had done for him and his daughter. C. The author’s parents put the pickle jar back in their room to remind themselves of the hard years. D. The author felt embarrassed whenever his father mentioned the pickle jar to him and his wife. 37. The story’s main lesson is that ______. A. any difficulties can be overcome with the support of your family B. a dream is never far away as long as people keep up with it faithfully C. parents teach us much more through their actions than through their words D. saving is always a good virtue to pass down to the next generation 38. Which words best describe the author’s father? A. Humorous and patient B. Quiet yet loving C. Generous and talkative D. Proud but strict 39. The pickle jar in the article represents ______. A. advice of parents B. determination to reach a goal C. healthy family relations D. one’s purpose in life 40. How does the article mainly develop? A. By providing examples. B. By making comparisons. C. By analyzing causes and effects. D. By following the order of time.
Liah Kaminer remembers hearing the shock from the audience when two seniors rapped the words ―raise your hand like a Nazi‖ at a school assembly during her sophomore year. It wasn’t the only instance of anti-Semitism (反犹太主义) that Kaminer, 17, of Hall High School in Connecticut, says she witnessed at her school. There were other comments, like a boy asking two other students in her class if they were Jewish. When they replied that they weren’t, he said ―Oh, good,‖ Kamine r recalled. He patted
them on their backs and said: ―You’re one of us.‖ Kaminer, who is Jewish, said she was hurt by the remark, and after a while she got tired of seeing such comments swept under the rug. So she decided to take action. After reaching out to the administration and connecting with social studies department supervisor Stephen Armstrong, Kaminer and Armstrong put together a class on anti-Semitism. They presented it to every ninth-grade social studies class during the last week of school this year. In the class, Kaminer and Armstrong showed a clip from the ABC show, What Would You Do? where actors portrayed a Jewish couple and a bakery employee who yelled at them with anti-Semitic comments. They had class discussions about what stereotypes students had heard. ―I was a little taken aback by how much of this still goes on at Hall,‖ Armstrong said. ―That’s why we’re doing this.‖ Armstrong said that although students are taught about the Holocaust (大屠杀) in history classes, ―it’s seldom that kids are asked to think about this topic in a present-day situation.‖ The fact that a teenager was teaching her fellow students made the class more effective, Armstrong said. ―I could have done it – a couple of classes I did it myself – but it was a lot more effective when a kid was with me. It wasn’t just some teacher talking. It was a kid who had experienced some of the stuff very personally,‖ he said. 41. 1. The author mentioned one of Liah Kaminer’s shocking memories during her sophomore year to ______. A. show how anti-Jewish most students at her school are B. show that anti-Jewish feelings exist among some students in her school C. complain about the poor management of her school D. introduce a school activity that she used to take part in 42. The underlined phrase ―seeing such comments swept under the rug‖ probably means ______. A. finding people stressing the importance of such comments B. figuring out how these comments influence others C. finding people trying to turn a blind eye to such comments D. seeing such comments quickly spread throughout the school 43. According to Stephen Armstrong, Liah Kaminer ______ in the class on anti-Semitism. A. did most of the teaching B. taught her classmates about the Holocaust of World War II C. used her personal experience to correct people’s stereotypes D. mainly explained common misunderstandings about Jewish people 44. We can infer from the article that ______. A. today’s American kids know little about the history of the Nazis and the Jewish people B. Armstrong believed the special class succeeded in raising awareness of anti-Semitism at the school
C. teenager-teaching methods will become popular at the school because of the success of the special class D. Armstrong had already noticed the problem of anti-Semitism before Kaminer turned to him 45. Which of the following could be the best title for the article? A. Teenager girl fights discrimination B. Anti-Jewish exists in high schools C. Teenager-teaching proves successful D. History repeats itself
第二节信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
阅读下列表格内容及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题纸上将对应题号 的相应选项字母涂黑。 请阅读以下人们关于 ―孩子玩电脑或电子游戏是否会影响他们的个性发展‖的陈 述。 A. For a lot of children, computers and video games are just an escape from reality, taking them away from real life for a while, replacing a stressful or boring environment with sights and sounds kids could only imagine before. They have the ability of entertaining people’s minds while drawing in the whole attention away from real life. So the result will be like this: whenever a child can’t handl e problems in real life, he might just turn to computer games. B. Reading Tom Sawyer or Harry Porter is as personal an act as playing an online game or even more personal than playing an online or two-player game. I’ve rarely seen two people happily reading ONE book together. But when kids play online games they need to work together and it encourages the development of social skills. C. Many results can occur from playing video games, from feeling abandoned and becoming addicted to getting better in touch with what other students are doing. The question here is whether or not video games affect a child’s development, not if it is good or bad. Anything that you interact with is going to have an effect on your development. D. People blame the computer and videos, because it is an easy target to hit. If you really want to look at people being lonely, look at the school system, where teachers could easily fix the problem by doing more group work with him/her choosing the students for the group. I mean, I could play outside by myself and still be lonely. There isn’t a difference. E. I do believe our children’s development is affected by computers and video games play if too much time is spent because that’s time that a child used to be playing outside with other children. I think that some computer work is good because it trains the brain in new patterns, but time on the computer need to be limited and playing outside should be encouraged. F. I am 6 feet 2 inches, 185 lbs, all muscle. I’m one of the most popular students and I’ve had a constant 30+ hours of video games since I was in third grade. I played baseball all my life until high school, and still managed up to 40+ hours of video
games. I am around the 80th position in my grade and have received many honors. So it’s not necessary that computer games affect a kid’s development in a bad way. It simply depends on how much exactly one plays, and how one manages their time. 46. Parents need to watch the time their kids spend on computers or video games. 47. The effect of playing computer or video games on a child is different but it is there. 48. Computer or video games do affect children’s social development because they are not playing in reality. 49. If you have heard of online gaming, then you know video games can affect social development in a good way. 50. I’m living proof that computer or video games won’t do harm to kids.
III. 写作（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 基础写作 （共 1 小题， 满分 15 分） 请根据以下信息写一篇新闻报道 事件：太空授课 授课人：王亚平（中国第二个女性宇航员） 授课内容：牛顿定律 时间：2013 年 6 月 20 日星期四上午 观看学生人数：超过 6 千万 学生感受：很兴奋，在传统物理课堂中学习定律只能通过想象，现在可以亲眼看 到； 40 分钟太短了，还想看更多的实验 组织者对学生的回应：向太空运送设备和材料费用高昂； 且要确保那 40 分钟的通讯信号是最好的 词汇：牛顿定律 Newton’s Laws [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 E-commerce giant Alibaba held the 11.11 Shopping Festival for 24 hours on November 11. More than 20,000 merchants, including brands like Gap and Uniqlo, offered massive discounts on products spanning electronics, household wares and clothing. An estimated 13.7 million buyers placed orders in the first minute of the holiday sales, with revenues(营业收入) topping 10 billion yuan at 6 a.m., Xinhua reports, citing the data from Alibaba. Last year it brought in a huge $3.1 billion (CNY19.1 billion) in sales on the day, breaking the record of Cyber Monday sales of $1.98 billion last year. This year, with nearly half a day more to go, Chinese shoppers have already had another significant achievement for Alibaba: the amount of sales has hit last year’s total. The Shopping Festival originated five years ago when Alibaba offered promotions
（促销） on its many e-commerce sites on China's unofficial 'Singles' Day' holiday. "Singles Day has become a hugely important day for retailers（零售商）. The discounting today has been the talk of consumers. Aside from Chinese New Year, this is becoming one of the key days for retailers to launch promotions," Shaun Rein, Shanghai-based managing director of China Market Research Group, told CNBC.
[写作内容] 1. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 个词就―网上购物‖的话题谈谈你的想法，内容包括： (1) 你对网上购物的看法； (2) 讲述你或你身边人的一次网购经历； (3) 你认为未来网上购物是否会取代实体店购物？请阐述理由。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用 原文中的句子。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
完形填空：1-5 ABDCA 6-10 CBCDA 11-15 BCDAD 语法：16. came 17. if/whether 18. the 19. who 21. readily 22. Having reached 23. his 24. before 阅读理解： 26-30 CBDDC 31-35 BCDAC 36-40 BCBBD 41-45 BCCBA 信息匹配：ECABF 基础写作参考范文： Wang Yaping, China’s second female astronaut, gave a lesson from the space on Newton’s Laws on Thursday morning, June 20, 2013. The class was attended by over 60 million students, who were excited about it for they had to imagine how the laws work when they learned physics in traditional classes but now they were able to see it as it happened. However, the 40-minute lesson seemed to have passed too quickly for students to see enough of those magical experiments. The organizers of the event pointed out that sending equipment and materials into space is really expensive. They also had to take into consideration that the communication signal was the best during that specific 40 minutes. 任务型写作参考范文： The 11.11 Shopping Festival held by Alibaba attracted a great number of shoppers because of the massive discounts, which has made Singles’ Day an important day for promotions. As far as I’m concerned, we can benefit a lot from online shopping. For example, we can better compare product features, retailer prices, and read product reviews from customers, instead of only hearing the recommendations from a sales clerk. It’s very convenient because we can shop at tons of different sites within minutes and we needn’t to go out searching products from shop to shop. Besides, we can always buy things with a lower price online. Last year I wanted to buy a camera so I went out to a digital camera shop searching for a suitable one. I found a camera which I liked very much, but the price was beyond my budget. My friend told me that I could try buying one online. I accepted his advice and to my surprise, the price of the camera was 500 yuan cheaper. I bought it with delight and it was really a pleasant online shopping experience. Although online shopping has been developing very fast in recent years, I don’t think it will totally take the place of shopping in stores. While shopping in stores, customers have ample opportunity to examine a product and ensure it is what they want. Besides, many people especially women enjoy shopping in the street because they can spend time with their friends happily. 20. difficulty 25. from