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选修7 随堂练习 Unit 4 Period 4

Period Four

Grammar & Writing

Ⅰ.用适当的关系词填空 1.This is the professor ________ taught me chemistry in 2011. 2.This is the boy ________ father died three years ago. 3.The

film ________ we saw the day before yesterday is very interesting. 4.1949 is the year ________ the People’s Republic of China was founded. 5.They work in a factory ________ makes radio parts. 6.They work in a factory ________ radio parts are made. 7.This is the vision phone through ________ we can see and talk to our friends. 8.Those ________ want to go to the computer room write your names here. 9.Who is the person ________ is standing at the gate? 10.He talked about the teachers and schools ________ he had visited. Ⅱ.完成句子 1.他拒绝邀请的原因不清楚。 The reason ________________________ is not clear. 2.这正是我想买的那本词典。 This is the very dictionary ______________________. 3.这就是举办展览的那个博物馆吗? Is this the museum ________________________? 4.这就是我昨天丢的那本书。 This is the same book ________________________. 5.上周我遇到了一位老人,他的女儿正在国外学习。 I met an old man last week ____________________. 6.我们下周将要参观的那个工厂离这里不远。 The factory __________________________________ is not far from here. Ⅲ.单项填空 1.That’s the new machine________parts are too small to be seen. A.that B.which C.whose D.what 2.Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet________life has developed gradually. A.that B.where C.which D.whose 3.I’ve become good friends with several of the students in my school________I met in the English speech contest last year. A.who B.where C.when D.which 4.I refuse to accept the blame for something________was someone else’s fault. A.who B.that C.as D.what 5.Wind power is an ancient source of energy ________ we may return in the near future. A.on which B.by which C.to which D.from which 6.The best means________ we use in our English study________ fast reading. A.that;is B.which;is C.which;are D.that;are 7.Look!The dictionary ________ is red is a birthday gift given by my father. A.which cover B.the cover of which C.the whose cover D.that the cover 8.We talked for hours of things and persons________ we remembered in the school. A.which B.that C.who D.whom 9.—Where did you get to know her?

—It was on the farm ________ we worked. A.that B.there C.which D.where 10.It’s helpful to put children in a situation ________they can see themselves differently. A.that B.when C.which D.where 11.The thought of going back home was________ kept him happy while he was working abroad. A.that B.all that C.all what D.which 12.Occasions are quite rare________I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A.who B.which C.why D.when 13.Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only one of the women who ________ evening dress. A.wear B.wears C.has worn D.have worn 14.What surprised me was not what he said but the way ________ he said it. A.which B.how C.by which D.that 15.The reason ________ she didn’t come to the party was that her mother didn’t allow her to. A.what B.why C.as D.which Ⅳ.阅读理解 Children who talk on cell phones while crossing a street are at a higher risk to get hit by a vehicle,according to a study by psychologists at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The study included 77 children aged 10 and 11,who completed a dozen of virtual street crossings.It was even possible for children familiar with using cell phones to be affected.To be more specific, adolescents who talked on the phone, needed 20 percent more time to start crossing the street,and they were 43 percent more likely to be hit by a vehicle,the researchers said.Also, the children checked both ways 20 percent less often before crossing the street and gave themselves 8 percent less time to cross safely in front of the passing traffic when they were on the phone. Factors such as age,frequency of cell phone use or pedestrian(步行者) experience did not affect safer pedestrian habits,the study found.According to Despina Stavrinos,a coauthor of the study and a doctoral psychology student at the UAB,children who had just turned 10 were at a slightly higher risk of being distracted than those who were about to turn 12. “We found that all children in the study were more distracted when talking on their cell phones and crossing the street,”said a study coauthor David Schwebel. UAB experts are also planning to continue research in order to determine the way text messaging or listening to digital music devices impacts a child’s capability to cross a street safely.“Texting requires a stronger motor component than talking on a cell phone,”Stavrinos said.“With IPods,there is a reduction in hearing capacity.The study is now ongoing.” In spite of the study’s results,both Schwebel and Stavrinos emphasized that they were not against mobile phones and were not trying to discourage children from using them,which they recognized could be an important tool of convenience and safety.They just advise limiting the cell phone use while being in the streets,and paying more attention to traffic. 1.The text is intended to________. A.warn child pedestrians of the cellphone use danger B.show children how to use cell phones properly C.tell children about crossing the street safely D.report a research about cellphone usage 2.Both Schwebel and Stavrinos________.

A.try to encourage children to use cell phones B.advise children to use cell phones appropriately C.think children crossing the street are more likely to get hurt D.wonder cell phones offer people convenience and safety 3.What does the underlined word “distracted” in Paragraph 4 probably mean? A.Focused. B.Disturbed. C.Encouraged. D.Rewarded. 4.We can infer from the text that________. A.listening to music has less influence on children crossing the street B.children texting spend more time crossing the street than on cell phones C.children are more distracted in the virtual environment than in real life D.using cell phones doesn’t make children affected when they are crossing streets Ⅴ.书面表达 你校英语杂志社最近征集关于人物事迹的稿件, 请根据以下内容写一篇介绍德国志愿者 卢安克的短文。 1.卢安克(Eckart Loewe),德国人。1968 年出生于汉堡(Hamburg); 2.2001 年他来到广西东兰县一所偏僻的山村学校支教。多年来,他克服各种困难去提 高孩子们的英语水平,传播文化;每当有孩子辍学他总是翻山越岭去说服孩子的父母; 3.山里人都叫他“洋雷锋”,他是孩子们的偶像; 4.2009 年 12 月中央电视台采访他时,记者问道“你知道你的事迹感动了中国吗?”, 他说“我不想感动任何人,我只是让中国感动了我”。 注意:1.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 2.参考词汇:偶像 idol。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

not...but...不是??而是??,用于连接两个并列成分。 not...but...连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词与最近的主语保持一致。 I did it not because I liked it but because I had to do it. 我做这件事不是因为我喜欢做,而是因为我不得不做。

I’m not a physician but a surgeon. 我不是内科医生,而是外科医生。 Not money but skilled workers are what we need. 我们所缺少的不是钱,而是熟练技工。

Period Four

Grammar & Writing

Ⅰ.1.who/that 2.whose 3.that/which 4.when 5.that/which 6.where 7.which 8.who 9.that 10.that Ⅱ.1.why he refused the invitation 2.that I want to buy 3.where the exhibition was held 4.that I lost yesterday 5.whose daughter is studying abroad 6.that we will visit next week Ⅲ.1.C [句意为:那是台新机器,它的零件小得都看不见。whose 引导定语从句,在从 句中作 parts 的定语。] 2.B [句意为:斯蒂芬· 霍金认为:地球不大可能是有生命进化现象的唯一星球。限制 性定语从句中缺少地点状语,where 在此处引导定语从句,在从句中作地点状语,修饰先行 词 planet。A、C、D 三项都不能在从句中作状语。] 3.A [句意为:我已和我的学校的几个学生成了好朋友,他们是我在去年英语演讲比 赛时遇到的。本题考查定语从句,从句中缺少宾语,且先行词为人,故 A 项正确。] 4.B [句意为:我拒绝接受因别人的错误而对我进行的指责。定语从句的先行词是 something,who 在定语从句中指人,故排除 A 项;引导词在句中作主语,故用 that;as 只可引导非限制性定语从句,代替前面或后面的整个句子;what 不能引导定语从句。故选 B 项。] 5. [句意为: C 风能是一种古老的能源, 在不久的将来我们可能会重新利用起来。 return 常与介词 to 连用,故用 to which 引导该定语从句。] 6.A [先行词被最高级修饰时,关系词应用 that;means 表示“方式,方法”时,是单 复数同形的词,这儿的意思是单数,故谓语动词用 is。] 7.B [句意为:看!那个红色封面的字典是我父亲送给我的生日礼物。所选项引导定 语从句修饰 the dictionary,并在从句中作 cover 的定语,所以用 whose cover 或 the cover of which,故选 B。] 8.B [定语从句的先行词既有人又有物,故用 that。] 9.D [where 在句中引导定语从句,并在从句中作地点状语。] 10.D [当先行词为 situation,case,stage,point 等词时,若定语从句中缺少状语, 则定语从句的引导词应为 where。] 11.B [此题中代词 all 为定语从句的先行词,that 引导定语从句,且在定语从句中作 主语。若选 C 项,则去掉 all,变为 what 就可以。] 12.D [when 在此处为关系副词,引导定语从句,修饰先行词 occasions,在从句中 作时间状语。] 13.B [先行词为“the only one of+复数名词”,关系代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数; 本句描述的仅仅是一种事实,应用一般现在时。] 14.D [先行词是 the way,关系词在从句中作方式状语,故关系词可用 that,in which 或省略。] 15.B [此处用 why 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 the reason,why 在从句中作原因状 语。] Ⅳ.1.A [主旨大意题。 文章通过对过马路打电话和发短信后果的有关研究, 提醒青少年 在过马路时要注意使用手机的危险性。] 2.B [细节理解题。由文章最后一段可知选 B 项。] 3.B [词义猜测题。根据上下文可知,研究证明孩子过马路时打电话会分心,不能集 中精力,会受到一定的干扰。] 4 . B [ 推 理 判 断 题 。 根 据 第 五 段 最 后 部 分 “?Texting requires a stronger motor component than talking on a cell phone, ?Stavrinos said.?With IPods, there is a reduction in hearing capacity.The study is now ongoing.?”可以推断正确答案为 B 项。]

Ⅴ. 参考范文 Eckart Loewe,who was born in 1968 in Hamburg,Germany,has chosen to work as a volunteer teacher in a remote mountainous school in Dong Lan County,Guangxi Province since 2001. For many years,he has overcome all kinds of difficulties,improving students’ English and spreading culture.Whenever he found a child had dropped out of school,he climbed high mountains and walked miles to persuade the parents to return the child to school.People call him “the foreign Lei Feng” and he became the idol of the children. In December,2009, when CCTV interviewed him, “Your deeds have moved China, you do know?” he said, “Oh,I’d like not to move anybody.Instead,I have been moved by China.” Such is Eckart Loewe,an ordinary but great volunteer working in a poor village in China for many years.

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