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江苏省苏州市2016届高三第一学期期中考试试卷word版+答案


2015—2016 学年第一学期高三期中调研试卷





2015.11

注意事项: 1. 本试卷分为第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题),满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 2. 请将第一卷的答案填涂在答题卡上,第二卷请直接在答题卡上规定的地方作答。答题前,务 必将自己的学校、姓名、

考试号等相关信息写在答题卡上规定的地方。

第 I 卷 (选择题,共 80 分)
第一部分:听力理解 (共两节,满分 15 分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。

第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a cafeteria. B. In a restaurant. C. In a supermarket. 2. Why does Jack stop playing sports now? A. He is too busy. B. He has lost the interest. C. The training is too hard. 3. What does the woman mean? A. She is a visitor. B. She just moved in here. C. She knows the manager. 4. What are the speakers talking about? A. Buying DVDs. B. Borrowing DVDs. 5. How does the woman find the tickets? A. They are hard to get. B. They are cheap. C. Sharing DVDs. C. They are expensive.

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每 小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What will the boy do after lunch? A. Have some dessert. B. Clean up his toys. C. Try a new game. 7. Who might the woman be? A. Frankie’s mother. B. Frankie’s babysitter. C. Frankie’s sister. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What is Jane’s problem? A. She can’t have lunch with Dr. Pasteur tomorrow. B. She forgets the appointment with Dr. Pasteur. C. She can’t meet Dr. Pasteur tomorrow morning at 9 a.m.
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9. How long is the appointment postponed? A. Three hours and forty-five minutes. B. Four hours and fifteen minutes. C. Six hours. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What did Mr. Tang major in in the university? A. Chinese. B. Journalism. C. International operation. 11. What was Mr. Tang responsible for when he worked in a media company? A. Gathering the international news. B. Writing the current reports. C. Expanding the operation. 12. Why would Mr. Tang like to work in China? A. He can have a good chance to meet his parents. B. He can make good use of his operation ability. C. He can make good use of his Chinese and English. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。 13. What can the iMaid do? A. Wash dishes. A. Three hours. A. The special gift worth $49. B. Dry the clothes. B. Ten hours. B. The price. C. Clean up dirt from floors. C. Thirteen hours. C. The service contract. 14. How long can the iMaid work after being charged? 15. According to the talk, what is the best thing about the iMaid?

第二部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 单项选择 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 16. — Tu Youyou and the other two scientists jointly won the 2015 Nobel Prize for medicine for their work against parasitic diseases. — They deserve it. The consequences ______ improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable. A. in honor of B. in terms of C. in defense of D. in hopes of 17. A teacher’s job is not to tell the students what to believe or value, but to ______ them to develop a worldview for themselves. A. urge A. to spare A. objected B. rank B. sparing B. submitted
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C. persuade C. spare C. compromised
第2页 共 16 页

D. equip D. spared D. identified

18. So why not, he reasoned, ______ the boy a few minutes to explain the whole affair? 19. He ______ himself to a search by the guards before entering the government building.

20. — It is reported that Papiss Cisse and Jonny Evans were charged with spitting by the Football Association. — I think spitting is one of the most disgusting things that ______ happen in the game, but yet it is not the worst. A. must B. shall C. should D. can 21. Our mothers sat us down to read and paint, ______ all we really wanted to do was to make a mess. A. since B. as C. unless D. when 22. I needn’t have been in such a hurry. The flight to Hong Kong ______ due to the typhoon. A. has cancelled B. was cancelled C. will be cancelling D. had cancelled 23. — A study suggests reducing energy demand in the future may ______ urban areas. — That’s true. Cities need more energy than small towns or other rural areas. A. center on B. act on C. hang on D. catch on 24. Tech-free tourism refers to traveling without a mobile phone or similar devices, particularly to places ______ block or cannot access Internet and cellular signals. A. that B. where C. when D. who 25. — Have you heard of Gong Xingfang, who is experienced in taking care of mothers and newborns in Shanghai? — Yes. It is reported that she can earn 14,000 yuan ($2,252) a month now and anyone who wants to hire her has to make an ______ half a year in advance. A. assessment B. accommodation C. appointment D. occupation 26. My brother hopes that he ______ computer science instead of history when he graduated from the university. A. studies B. studied C. had studied D. has studied 27. A Chinese student’s print-like handwriting caused controversy among British Internet users, ______ both praise and questions about individuality. A. drew B. drawing C. to draw D. having drown 28. British government is planning to run a pilot scheme that will allow Chinese tourists to get a two-year tourist visa for ? 85—these ______ cost ? 324. A. currently B. apparently C. frequently D. similarly 29. Some experts hold the view that fundamental construction is ______ the key to the little island development lies. A. which B. what C. where D. why 30. — His father always tells him to stop telling lies, which falls on deaf ears. — I think he will suffer the consequences. ______ A. You reap what you sow. B. Justice has long arms. C. Honesty is the best policy. D. Lies have short legs.

第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The continuous presentation of frightening stories about global warming in the popular media makes us unnecessarily frightened. Even worse, it 31 our kids.
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Al Gore famously 32 how a sea-level rise of 20 feet would almost completely 33 Florida, New York, Holland, and Shanghai, 34 the United Nations says that such a thing will not even happen, 35 that sea levels will rise 20 times less than that. When 36 with these exaggerations (夸大), some of us say that they are for a good cause, and surely there is no 37 done if the result is that we focus even more on dealing with climate change. This 38 is astonishingly wrong. Such exaggerations do plenty of harm. Worrying extremely about global warming means that we worry less about other things, 39 we could do so much more good. We focus, 40 , on global warming’s impact on malaria (疟疾)—which will put more people at 41 in 100 years—instead of helping the half a billion people 42 from malaria today with prevention and treatment policies that are much cheaper and dramatically more 43 than carbon reduction would be. Exaggeration also wears out the public’s 44 to cope with global warming. If the planet is certain to be destroyed 45 global warming, people wonder, why should we do anything? The 46 cost of exaggeration, I believe, is the unnecessary alarm that it causes —particularly among children. An article in The Washington Post mentioned nine-year-old Alyssa, who cries about the possibility of mass animal 47 from global warming. The newspaper also reported that parents are 48 effective outlets for their 8-year-olds’ concern with dying polar bears. They might be better off educating them and letting them know that, 49 to common belief, the global polar bear population has doubled over the past half-century, to about 22,000. 50 the possible disappearing of summer Arctic ice, polar bears will live on with us. 31. A. exhausts B. amazes C. terrifies D. interests 32. A. dismissed B. determined C. denied D. described 33. A. cover B. flood C. reduce D. expand 34. A. even though B. as if C. in that D. in case 35. A. measuring B. proving C. estimating D. advocating 36. A. faced B. identified C. filled D. entitled 37. A. good B. harm C. benefit D. disadvantage 38. A. announcement B. argument C. story D. dialogue 39. A. when B. what C. where D. which 40. A. for example B. in addition C. on average D. in short 41. A. peace B. random C. ease D. risk 42. A. prohibiting B. escaping C. developing D. suffering 43. A. effective B. accurate C. complex D. temporary 44. A. ability B. sense C. willingness D. preference 45. A. due to B. except for C. regardless of D. along with 46. A. smallest B. worst C. fewest D. least 47. A. ruling out B. running out C. dropping out D. dying out 48. A. turning out B. taking over C. searching for D. pulling through 49. A. sensitive B. contrary C. related D. accustomed 50. A. Except B. Besides C. Without D. Despite
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第三部分:阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Below are the four most famous bridges in the world. Ponte Vecchio Bridge The Ponte Vecchio (literally “old bridge”) is a bridge built in the Middle Ages over the Arno River in Florence, Italy, the only Florentine bridge to survive World War II. The bridge is unique for still having shops built along it, as was common in the days of the Medici. Butchers originally occupied souvenir sellers. It is said that the economic concept of bankruptcy originated here: when a merchant could not pay his debts, the table on which he sold his goods was physically broken by soldiers, and this practice was called “bancorotto (broken table)”. Golden Gate Bridge The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the strait between San Francisco and Marin County to the north. It is the masterwork of architect Joseph B. Strauss, whose statue graces the southern observation deck. The bridge took seven years to build, and was completed in 1937. The Golden Gate Bridge used to be the longest suspension bridge span in the world. And today it has become one of the most popular tourist attractions in San Francisco and California. Since its completion, the span length has been surpassed by eight other bridges. The famous red-orange color of the bridge was specifically chosen to make the bridge more easily visible through the thick frog that frequently covers the bridge. Millau Bridge Started in 1998 and opened to traffic in 2005, the Millau Viaduct is a huge cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the river Tarn near Millau in southern France. It is the tallest highway bridge in the world, with the highest pylon’s summit at 343 meters—slightly taller than the Eiffel Tower. The speed limit on the bridge was reduced from 130 km/h to 110 km/h because of traffic slowing down, due to tourists taking pictures of the bridge from the vehicles. Shortly after the bridge opened to traffic, passengers were stopping to admire the landscape and the bridge itself. Charles bridge The Charles Bridge is a famous stone Gothic bridge that crosses the Vltava River in Prague, Czech Republic. Its construction started in 1357 under the support of King Charles IV, and finished in the beginning of the 15th century. As the only means of crossing the river Vltava, the Charles Bridge was the most important connection between the Old Town and the area around Prague Castle. Connection made Prague important as a trade route between Eastern and Western Europe. Today it is one of the most visited sights in Prague with painters, owners of kiosks and other traders alongside numerous tourists crossing the bridge.
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51. Of the four bridges, which one has the shortest history? A. Ponte Vecchio. B. Golden Gate Bridge. C. Millau Bridge. D. Charles Bridge. 52. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the Golden Gate Bridge? A. The span length ranks the 8th in the world. B. Its color enables travelers to see it easily on foggy days. C. It is the most popular tourist attraction in America. D. It took Joseph B. Strauss 7 years to design the bridge. 53. The Charles Bridge played an important role in Prague, Czech Republic because ______. A. it attracted many famous painters there B. it was supported by Kin Charles IV C. it was the only stone Gothic bridge crossing the Vltava River D. it promoted the trade between Eastern and Western Europe B TELECOMMUTERS fall into two camps. Some sit on the sofa watching daytime soaps, pausing occasionally to check their BlackBerrys. Most, however, do real work, undistracted by meetings and talkative colleagues. In the future more people will work from home. With office space in London and New York so costly, many firms save money by encouraging staff to work in their loose clothes. Instead of having to bury their noses in strangers’ armpits on crowded trains, they can work via e-mail, Skype and virtual private networks. Yet, in a research published in MIT Sloan Management Review, Daniel Cable of the London Business School shows that telecommuters are less likely to be promoted. In one experiment subjects were asked to judge scenarios in which the only difference was whether the employee was at his office desk or at home. Managers rated those at the office to be more dependable and industrious, regardless of the quality of their work. Visibility creates the illusion of value. Being the last to leave the office impresses bosses, even if you are actually larking around (胡闹) on Facebook. Oddly, this holds true at firms that explicitly encourage staff to work from home. Many Californian tech firms asked employees not to come to the office too often; yet bosses unconsciously punished those who obeyed. Remote workers understand this. Many frequently sent their bosses with progress reports to prove they are on the job. A fifth of the workers in the study admitted to leaving an e-mail or voice mail early or late in the day. Still, many are not as smart as they think. Some choose a Monday or Friday to work at home. That, says Mr. Cable, makes others think they are eager to extend the weekend. A culture of presenteeism hurts working mothers most. Many women (and some men) work from home to allow themselves the flexibility to pick up kids from school. That need not mean they produce less; only that they do it at a time and a place of their own choosing. Some firms, such as Best Buy, an electronics retailer, recognize this and try hard to evaluate staff entirely on performance. But this is not easy. Intangibles such as teamworking skills matter, too. Mr. Cable thinks homeworking will lose its stigma (污名) only when most people do it. Or perhaps when the boss is telecommuting, too.
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54. What is most likely the main cause of the increasing number of telecommuters? A. Increasing location rents. C. High-tech mobile phones. A. Working at home is impractical in tech firms. B. Employees’ presence at office raises their value. C. Employees should judge when to obey. D. Bosses often don’t keep their promises. 56. What do wise telecommuters do to prove they are on the job? A. They give timely accounts of their work progress to their bosses. B. They check their e-mails and voice mails every day. C. They discuss the work with their bosses. D. They spend some time working on weekends. 57. What is the biggest disadvantage of working at home according to the last paragraph? A. The traditional working culture can be hurt. B. Mothers’ work may be interrupted by their kids. C. Retailers can’t get enough on-site employees. D. Employees may lack chances to develop certain skills. C Alzheimer’s disease has no cure. There are, however, five drugs—known and approved—that can slow down the development of its symptoms. The earlier such drugs are administered, the better. Unfortunately, the disease is usually first noticed when people complain to their doctors of memory problems. That is normally too late for the drugs to do much good. A simple and reliable test for Alzheimer’s that can be administered to everybody over the age of about 65, before memory-loss sets in, would therefore be useful. Theo Luider, of the Erasmus University Medical Centre in Rotterdam, and his colleagues think they have found one—but it works only in women. They made their discovery, just reported in the Journal of Proteome Research, by tapping into a long-term, continuing study that started in 1995 with 1,077 non-demented and otherwise healthy people aged between 60 and 90. At the beginning of the project, and subsequently during the periods 1997-99 and 2002-04, participants were brought in for a battery of neurological (神经学的) and cognitive (认知的) investigations, physical examinations, brain imaging and blood tests. During the first ten years of the study, 43 of the volunteers developed Alzheimer’s diseases. When Dr. Luider compared blood samples from these people with samples from 43 of their fellow volunteers, matched for sex and age, who had remained Alzheimer’s-free, he found something surprising. Levels of a substance called pregnancy zone protein (妊娠带蛋白) had been unusually high, even before their symptoms appeared, in some of those who went on to develop Alzheimer’s disease. Those “some”, it turned out, were all women. On average, levels of pregnancy zone protein in those women who went on to develop Alzheimer’s were almost 60% higher than those of women who
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B. Annoying talkative colleagues. D. Attractive daytime soaps.

55. What does the example of many California tech firms prove?

did not. In men, levels of the protein were the same for both. The reason for this curious result seems to be that the brain plaques (斑块) associated with Alzheimer’s disease are themselves turning out pregnancy zone protein. Certainly, when Dr. Luider applied a chemical stain specific to that protein to the plaques of dead Alzheimer’s patients he found the protein present in them. Confusingly, though, it was there in the plaques of both sexes. Presumably, female cells (and therefore the plaques of female brains) make more of it than male cells do. But that remains to be proved. Whatever the reason, however, this result means that women, at least, may soon be able to tell whether and when they are at risk of Alzheimer’s and thus do something about it before they start losing their minds. 58. What can we learn from the first paragraph? A. No medication can slow down the development of Alzheimer’s symptoms. B. To detect Alzheimer’s disease before memory loss appears is vital. C. Doctors had better handle Alzheimer’s disease when people are 65 years old. D. People who always complain are most likely to have Alzheimer’s disease. 59. The underlined word “one” in Paragraph 2 refers to ______. A. a simple and reliable test for Alizheimer’s C. an important discovery about Alzheimer’s B. a possible cure for Alzheimer’s D. an effective and legal drug for Alzheimer’s

60. What does Dr. Luider’s study tell us about the pregnancy zone protein? A. It won’t go high until the symptoms of Alzheimer’s appear. B. In men, levels of it remain stable for their lifetime. C. Women developing Alzheimer’s usually have lower levels of it. D. The brain plaques connected with Alzheimer’s produce it. 61. The passage is mainly about ______. A. patients of Alzheimer’s disease and its drugs B. an introduction to the pregnancy zone protein C. a new discovery concerning Alzheimer’s disease D. the development stages of Alzheimer’s disease D He was in the first third-grade class I taught at Saint Mary’s School in Morris, Minnesota. All 34 of my students were dear to me, but Mark Eklund was one in a million. Very neat in appearance, he had that happy-to-be-alive attitude that made even his occasional mischievousness delightful. Mark also talked continuously. I had to remind him again and again that talking without permission was not acceptable. One morning my patience was growing thin when Mark talked once too often, and then I made a novice-teacher’s mistake. I looked at Mark and said, “If you say one more word, I am going to tape your mouth shut!” It wasn’t ten seconds later when Chuck blurted out, “Mark is talking again.” I hadn’t asked any of the students to help me watch Mark, but since I had stated the punishment in front of the class, I had to act on it. I remember the scene as if it had occurred this morning. Without saying a word, I proceeded to
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Mark’s desk, tore off two pieces of tape and made a big X with them over his mouth. I then returned to the front of the room. As I glanced at Mark to see how he was doing, he winked at me. That did it! I started laughing. The entire class cheered as I walked back to Mark’s desk, removed the tape, and shrugged my shoulders. His first words were, “Thank you for correcting me, Sister.” At the end of the year I was asked to teach junior-high math. The years flew by, and before I knew it Mark was in my classroom again. He was more handsome than ever and just as polite. One Friday, things just didn’t feel right. We had worked hard on a new concept all week, and I sensed that the students were growing discouraged with themselves—and edgy with one another. I had to change the mood of the class before it got out of hand. So I asked them to list the names of the other students in the room on two sheets of paper, leaving a space between each name. Then I told them to think of the nicest thing they could say about each of their classmates and write it down. It took the remainder of the class period to finish the assignment. That Saturday, I wrote down the name of each student on a separate sheet of paper, and I listed what everyone else had said about that individual. On Monday I gave each student his or her list. Some of them ran two pages. Before long, the entire class was smiling. “Really?” I heard whispers. “I never knew that meant anything to anyone!” “I didn’t know others liked me so much!” No one ever mentioned those papers in class again. I never knew if the students discussed them after class or with their parents, but it didn’t matter. The exercise had accomplished its purpose. The students were happy with themselves and one another again. That group of students moved on. Several years later, after I returned from a vacation, I got a call from my father. “The Eklunds called last night,” he began. “Really?” I said. “I haven’t heard from them for several years. I wonder how Mark is.” Dad responded quietly. “Mark was killed in Vietnam,” Mark looked so handsome, so mature. All I could think at that moment was, Mark, I would give all the masking tape in the world if only you could talk to me. After the funeral, most of Mark’s former classmates headed to Chuck’s farmhouse for lunch. Mark’s parents were there, obviously waiting for me. “Helen, we want to show you something,” his father said, taking a wallet out of his pocket. “They found this on Mark when he was killed. We thought you might recognize it.” Opening the billfold, he carefully removed two worn pieces of notebook paper that had obviously been taped, folded and refolded many times. I knew without looking that the papers were the ones on which I had listed all the good things each of Mark’s classmates had said about him. “Thank you so much for doing that,” Mark’s mother said. “As you can see, Mark treasured it.” Mark’s classmates started to gather around us. Charlie smiled rather sheepishly and said, “I still have my list. It’s in the top drawer of my desk at home.” Then Vicki, another classmate, reached into her pocket-book, took out her wallet and showed her worn and ragged list to the group. “I carry this with me at all times,” Vicki said without hesitation. “I think we all saved our lists.” That’s when I finally sat down and cried. I cried for Mark and for all his friends who would
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never see him again. 62. We can conclude that when Sister Helen was a third-grade teacher, she ______. A. was usually hot-tempered and impatient B. liked all the students in the class but Mark C. wasn’t always sure how to discipline her students D. had a high expectation of the students in her class 63. The underlined word “edgy” in Paragraph 7 means ______. A. very disappointed A. surprised and proud C. depressed and angry A. it was a valuable gift from his dear Sister Helen B. it could ease his homesickness when in Vietnam C. it was the recognition and appreciation from his classmates D. he promised his classmates that he would treasure it B. easily annoyed C. fully honest D. greatly inspired 64. Upon reading their lists for the first time, Sister Helen’s students were ______. B. nervous and embarrassed D. calm and content

65. Mark carried the notebook paper at all times because ______.

第 II 卷 (非选择题,共 40 分)
第四部分:词汇检测 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)
请认真阅读小列各小题,并根据上下文语境和所给首字母的提示,写出下列各句空格中的单 词,注意保持语义和形式的一致。请将答案的完整形式 写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 ....... 66. — Whatever b ▲ we are having on our shoulders, let them down for a moment, shall we? — All right. Let’s enjoy the meal first. 67. — I noticed the customer in red go away not altogether satisfied with Tom’s explanations. — Definitely. She asked how the machine worked and Tom just gave a v about its function, which could make her even more puzzled. 68. — Alice, Granny is coming. Would you give your room a t ▲ cleaning? — With so much homework to do, I will just mop the floor, leaving the dirty windows to Jim. 69. — Have you heard the news that his father’s ship crashed into a rock and was broken in two? — Yeah. Luckily, nobody was injured with the help of the soldiers s — It’s high time to campaign for c ▲ registration of dogs. ▲ on the nearby island. 70. — One more girl was bitten by a dog this morning. Worse still, nobody knows who the owner is. ▲ description

第五部分:同义转换 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)
请认真阅读下列各小题的两句句子,在空格处填上一个单词,使两句句子语义保持不变。请 将答案写在答题卡相应题号的横线上。(注意:不得使用第一句中的原词。) 71. — We will stick to our policy to promote relationships with the third-world countries. — It will be our ▲ policy to promote relationships with the third-world countries.
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72. — Yan Fei, a director of Goodbye Mr. Loser thinks the success of the film lies in their devotion to telling a complete story. — Yan Fei, a director of Goodbye Mr. Loser telling a complete story. 73. — Many Chinese students studying abroad have no choice but to wash dishes in the restaurants to support themselves. — In order to live on, many Chinese students studying abroad are reduced to out to wash dishes in the restaurants. 74. — I was green with envy when I was informed that he would be promoted while I would not. — I was ▲ when I was informed that he would be promoted while I would not. ▲ to result in lack of 75. — Their system which relies entirely on departmental selection will surely cause lack of balance. — Their system which relies entirely on departmental selection is balance. ▲ themselves ▲ the success of the film to their devotion to

第六部分:任务型阅读 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注 意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卷上相应题号的横线上。 Regret is as common an emotion as love or fear, and it can be nearly as powerful. We feel it when we either blame ourselves for things that turned out badly, or long to undo a choice we made in the past. The effect regret has on our lives and how we deal with regret are equally important. In some cases, regret can be disastrous. In 1995, a British man who regularly played one set of lottery numbers forgot to renew his ticket during the week that his numbers came up. He was so filled with regret and self-blame that he committed suicide. While this is an extreme consequence of regret, it can have many other lesser effects on the mind and body that can still seriously affect our lives. According to recent research, women have more regrets about romantic relationships than men do—not surprising, since women “value social relationships more than men”. In collectivist culture where many aspects of life are arranged, people feel less regret, since many choices were made for them. There was an even split between regrets about inaction (not doing something) and action (do something you wish you didn’t). The research found that some regrets are more likely than others to stay over time: people tend to hang on longer to the regret of inaction or the opportunities they have missed; meanwhile, regrets of action tend to be more recent. Held inside for too long, regret can affect the immune system. If one fails to learn and grow from past mistakes, deep feeling of regret can stay locked inside, keeping one from fully engaging with life. This can put stress on relationships, careers, and many other aspects of life. In addition, too many regrets can lead to severe depression, which may require professional help. Therefore, it is important that we understand what regret is and how we can learn to deal with it. To cope with regret, be aware that it is there for a reason. Our brain is telling us to take another look at our choices because they may be having negative consequences. Take “I can’t believe I crashed my car. I’m so stupid.” and turn it into “I’m so lucky I didn’t die in the accident. How wonderful!” However, when the situation can’t be changed, and there is nothing left for us to do, we
高三英语 期中试卷 第 11 页 共 16 页

have to let go of the situation and forgive ourselves. We have to see the mistakes we make as necessary lessons in life. If we can learn from them and make changes, we can turn our regrets into passive actions. We can use them to improve, guide, and shape our lives for the better. The Taste of Regret Concept of regret (77) regret ▲ that
● ● ● ●

Regret is a powerful emotion just like love and fear. It occurs when bad results turn up or a (76) ▲ is wrongly made. ▲ ▲ regret than in the chances. Women are more likely to regret their romantic relationships than men. In the individualistic culture a person feels (78) collectivist culture. Regret lasts longer because of inaction or the (79) Regret even (80) ▲

affect feelings of

● ●

a lottery buyer in an extreme example.

Effects of regret on lives

● ●

Regret can stop a person from enjoying many aspects of his life.

Besides the harm done to the immune system, regret can affect a person (81) ▲ . ● Accept the fact that regret does (83) ▲ in our life. ▲ to
● ● ●

(82)

Learn to turn disappointment into (84) Forgive ourselves for the things (85)

▲ ▲

. our control.

handling regret

Try to learn from the mistakes and shape our life for the better.

第七部分:书面表达 (满分 20 分)
下面一组图片展现了现代生活方式。请根据你对这组图片的理解用英语写一篇短文。

你的短文应包含以下内容: ⑴简要描述图片的内容; ⑵分析该现象的原因; ⑶结合生活实际,谈谈你的感想。 注意: ⑴可参照图片适当发挥; ⑵作文词数 150 左右; ⑶作文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名、人名等。
高三英语 期中试卷 第 12 页 共 16 页

2015—2016 学年第一学期高三期中调研试卷 英语参考答案
第一部分:听力理解 (共两节,满分 15 分) 1- 5 CAABC 16-20 BDCBD 31-35 CDBAC 51-53 CBD 66. burdens 6- 10 ABCBB 21-25 DBAAC 36-40 ABBCA 54-57 ABAD 67. vague 11- 15 ACCBC 26-30 CBACA 41-45 DDACA 58-61 BADC 68. thorough 46-50 BDCBD 62-65 CBAC 69. stationed 70. compulsory 第二部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 35 分)

2015.11

第三部分:阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 第四部分:词汇检测 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 说明:只要形式错,就不得分,答案必须是单词的完整、正确形式。 第五部分:同义转换 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 71. consistent 72. owes 73. hiring 74. jealous/envious 75. bound 说明:只要形式错,就不得分,答案必须是单词的完整、正确形式。 第六部分:任务型阅读 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 76. choice 78. more 80. killed 82. Approaches/Solutions 77. Factors/Elements 79. missed 81. mentally/psychologically 83. exist

84. gratefulness/thankfulness/gratitude 85. beyond 说明:只要形式错,就不得分,答案必须是单词的完整、正确形式。 第七部分:书面表达 (满分 20 分) 书面表达参考范文: One possible version: As is vividly shown in the cartoon, modern life has been dominated by computers. Whether a person is working, studying or playing, he is always staying in front of a computer. Even when he sleeps, what is in his dream is still the computer. The reasons why modern people are tied up with computers are as follows. On the one hand, there is no denying that the computer is currently the most efficient tool to meet the needs of their work or to entertain themselves. But on the other hand, many people admit that they are too much addicted to computers to maintain face-to-face contact with their friends and colleagues. Hence, it’s necessary for us to use computers in a reasonable way. After all, the computer is invented to connect you and me, and to bring conveniences to our life rather than set a barrier to keep people beyond reach. (150 词)
高三英语 期中试卷 第 13 页 共 16 页

书面表达评分建议
一、评分原则 1. 本题总分为 20 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2. 评分时,可先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量, 确定或调整档次,最后给分。 3. 少于 130 词或多于 170 词的,从总分中酌情减去 1-2 分。 4. 评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、运用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文 的连贯性及语言的得体性。 5. 拼写和标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6. 如字迹难以辨认,以致影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。 7. 书面表达的分差,设定为 4 分。 二、内容要点 1. 简要描述图片的内容;(6 分) 2. 分析该现象的原因;(8 分) 3. 结合生活实际,谈谈你的感想。(6 分) 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 第五档 ?覆盖所有内容要点。 ?语法结构和词汇有个别小错误,但为尽量使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇 所致;具备较强的语言运用能力。 (很好) ?有效地使用了衔接手段,全文结构紧凑,内容连贯。 (18—20 分) 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 完成了试题规定的任务。 第四档 ?虽漏掉一、二个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 ?应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ?语法结构和词汇方面应用基本准确,少许错误主要是因为尝试较复杂语 (好) 法结构或词汇所致。 (14—17 分) ?应用简单的语句间的衔接手段,全文结构紧凑,内容较连贯。 达到了预期的写作目的。 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 第三档 ?虽漏掉一些内容,但基本覆盖主要内容。 ?应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ?有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 (中等) (10—13 分) ?应用简单的衔接手段,内容基本连贯。 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 第二档 ?漏掉或未清楚描述某些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 ?语法结构单一,所用词汇有限。 ?有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对所写内容的理解。 (较差) ?较少使用衔接手段,内容缺少连贯性。 (6—9 分) 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 未完成试题规定的任务。 第一档 ?明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 ?语法结构单一,所用词汇不当。 (差) ?有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响内容理解。 ?缺乏语句间的衔接手段,内容不连贯。 (1—5 分) 信息未能传达给读者。 未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;所写内容均与试题要求 0分 内容无关或无法看清。
高三英语 期中试卷 第 14 页 共 16 页

听力材料
Text 1 M: Excuse me, I think you made a mistake there. These tomatoes are 79 cents a pound, not $1.79 a pound. W: Oh, you are right. I’m so sorry about that! Let me take that off. All right, your total is $8.95. Text 2 W: Jack, do you manage to continue playing sports? M: No. By the time I get home at night, it is always too late to do any training. Besides, I always have so much homework to do. Text 3 M: Excuse me, where can I find the manager in this building? I need to speak to him right now. W: Sorry, I can’t help you. I am not familiar with this building. But my friend lives here. Text 4 W: These DVDs will be due back on Thursday the 7th. M: How much more should we pay to keep them another week? Text 5 M: Do you want a ticket? I can get some for sixty dollars if you don’t mind cheap seats. W: Even the cheap seats cost an arm and a leg at this new football stadium! Text 6 W: Frankie, can you put your toys away and get ready for lunch? M: Ok, Monica. What are we having for lunch? W: Cheese sandwiches and tomato soup. M: Yuck! I hate tomato soup. W: How can you say that? You’ve never tried it! M: Well, I don’t wanna try it! W: Now, Frankie, you told your mother and me that you would try new things, remember? M: Yeah… W: Besides, I learned how to make this soup from my grandmother. It’s a family secret! M: Ok, I will try it. But can we have ice cream later? W: Yes, but only a little bit. I don’t want your mom to think that you ate only junk food today. Text 7 W: Hello! Who’s speaking? M: Hello, is Jane available? Can I speak to her? W: Jane’s speaking. Who’s calling please? M: Hi, Jane, this is Mike calling from Dr. Pasteur’s Institute. I’m calling to confirm your appointment for tomorrow morning at 9 a. m. with Dr. Pasteur. W: Oh, I almost forgot. Thank you so much for calling to remind me of that. Actually, I do need to change the time of my appointment. I can’t make it that early. M: What about putting you at a later spot?
高三英语 期中试卷 第 15 页 共 16 页

W: It has to be after lunch. Do you have anything available about 2 o’clock p.m.? M: Sorry, madam, the proper time we have after lunch is 1:15, but I might be able to arrange it after 3. Would that be a better time? W: I think I should be able to make it at 1:15. Can you put me down for that time slot? M: No problem. I have your appointment changed from tomorrow morning to tomorrow afternoon at 1:15. All right? W: Wonderful. Thanks very much. Text 8 W: Hello, Mr. Tang. Take a seat. M: Thank you, Ms. Smith. W: Can you say something about your education background? M: I graduated from Yale University. I majored in journalism and received my master degree in art in 2008. W: I noticed that you’ve worked in a media company. What did your job consist of exactly? M: I was responsible for collecting the international news and writing the short reports. W: Good. You can speak Chinese, right? M: Yes. Actually, Chinese is my mother tongue. My parents immigrated to Canada when I was seven years old. Later on I went to school in the United States and Europe as well. W: We are thinking about expanding our operations and, of course, China is a huge market. Would you like to work in China? M: Yes, Ms. Smith. Working in China, I can use my good command of Chinese and English, and have a good chance to use what I have learnt. W: I see. Well, thank you. I’ve enjoyed our talk, we’ll be writing to you. M: Thank you, Ms. Smith. Have a nice day. Text 9 Are you tired of cleaning your houses for hours every day? What if I told you that there was a new product that cleaned your house for you? Well, get ready for the new iMaid! This little robot is a cleaning machine! Look how it gets all the dirt up from floors! You select the cleaning function on this special dial here, set the timer, and let it do its thing. For wet cleaning functions, just add water in this special container on the right side of the iMaid. With it, you can clean and dry almost any surface in your home. To charge the iMaid, just plug it into the wall before cleaning! It only takes about three hours to charge the iMaid, and you’ll get ten hours of cleaning time! Best of all, the iMaid comes with a lifetime service contract, so you know that we’re behind you all the way. The iMaid is only $199, and if you order now, we’ll include this special iMaid carrying case, so you can take your iMaid with you everywhere! This is a $49 value, and it’s our gift to you. Don’t wait. Call the number on your screen right now.

高三英语

期中试卷

第 16 页

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