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Would like 的用法及练习


Would like 的用法 同学们,你“想要”和 would like 交朋友吗?你知道如何用 would like 表达意愿吗? 一、would like 的基本用法 短语 would like 用来表达意愿,意为“想要、愿意”,和 want 意思接近,但比 want 语气委婉、 客气。其后可接名词、代词宾格或动词不定式。其中,would 是情态动词,常可缩写为’d。 如:

Lucy would like some eggs. 露茜想要一些鸡蛋。 We’d like to watch TV after school. 放学之后,我们想要看电视。 二、would like 的固定句型 1. Would you like some …? 你想要一些……吗? 该句型常用于征求对方的意见。肯定回答常用“Yes, please.”,而否定回答常用“No, thanks.” 需要特别注意的是,在该句型中要用 some,而不用 any,以表示说话人希望得到肯定回答。 如: ——Would you like some apples? 你想要一些苹果吗? ——Yes, please. 是的,我想要。 ——No, thanks. 不,谢谢。 2. Would you like to … ? 你愿意去做……吗? 该句型表示向对方有礼貌地提出建议或发出邀请,其中 like 可用 love 替换。如: ——Would you like/ love to play football with me? 你想要和我一起踢足球吗? ——Yes, I’d like / love to. 是的,我非常愿意。 ——I’d like/ love to. But I’m too busy. 我非常愿意,但我太忙了。 3. Would like to do sth. 想要做某事;Would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人去做某事。如: He would like to go out for a walk. 他想要出去散步。 Our parents would like us to study well. 我们的父母想要我们好好学习。 三、情态动词 will 和 would would 表示说话人的意愿或请求时,语气比 will 委婉、客气。但要注意否定结构中常用 will, 一般不用 would。Won’t you 是一种委婉语气。如: Won’t you sit down? 难道你不想坐下吗? 【巩固练习】 一、按要求完成下列各题。 1. ——你想要一些橘子吗? ——不,谢谢。 ——______ you like ______ oranges? ——No, ______. 2. ——你想和我一起去钓鱼吗?

——好的,我非常愿意。 ——Would you ______ ______ go fishing with me? ——OK, ______ ______ to. 3. Do you want to go shopping with me?(变同义句) ______ you ______ to ______ shopping with me? 4. ——Would you like another cake? ——______. A. I think B. I’d love to do C. No, thanks D. I’m afraid 5. I would like some ice creams.(对画线部分提问) ______ ______ you ______? 二、完成对话,每空一词。 A: Can I help you? B: I’d 1some noodles, please. A: What 2 of noodles would you like? B: I’d 3 beef, chicken and mutton noodles. A: Then what 4 do you want? B: I 5a medium bowl. A: Would you 6 some drinks, please? B: No, 7 . A: Well, 8 you like 9 have some dessert? B: Sure, 10 love to. A: OK. Wait a moment, please. 三、链接中考 1. ——Would you like some more? ——______. I’m full. (2003 年济南市) A. Yes, please B. I’d love to C. No, I won’t D. No, thanks 2. ——Would you like to go to the concert with me? ——I’d love to, ________ I can’t. I have a lot of homework to do.(2005 年北京市) A. or B. but C. so D. and 3. I would like a cup of tea. (找出与画线部分意思相近的词)(2004 年长沙市) A. want B. will C. carry D. bring 4. —— Would you like some potatoes? ——________. (2004 年梅州市) A. I have eaten so much. Thank you. B. Yes, just a few C. I don’t know D. I don’t 5. —— Don’t forget to come to my birthday party. ——_______. (2004 年济宁市) A. I don’t B. I won’t C. I can’t D. I haven’t

参考答案: 一. 1. Would, some, thanks 2. like to, I’d like / love 3. Would, like, go 4. C 5. What would, like 二、 1. like 2. kind 3. like 4. size 5. want 6. like 7. thanks 8. would 9. to 10. I’d 三、 1—5 DBAAB


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