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The Events of WWII


The Events of WWII

Directions:
? As

we progress through our exciting powerpoint presentation, you will need to:
Copy the notes as instructed by your teacher Answer the questions as instructed by your teacher Add events and location onto your map that already has the alliances labeled Any questions?

The Road to War…
?

? ? ? ?

August/September 1938 – Munich Conference gives the Sudetenland to Germany. Hitler declares, “I have no more territorial demands to make in Europe. March 1939 – German troops seize Czechoslovakia. Summer 1939 – Hitler prepares for the invasion of Poland. September 1, 1939 – Before dawn Nazi troops and aircraft flood into Poland. September 3, 1939 – France and Great Britain declare war on Germany.

Germany Invades Poland
? In

September 1939, Germany invaded Poland ? Poland surrendered in less than a month ? Great Britain and France finally declare war on Germany

Quick Question…
Why do you think Great Britain and France waited until Germany invaded Poland to take a stand against Hitler?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 1 where Poland is located. ? In your key, write that the number 1 represents the “Invasion of Poland”

The Fall of France
? During

the Spring on 1940, WWII began ? Germany quickly invaded France ? The German “Blitzkrieg” (lightening war) allowed their army to move through France in about two weeks ? Paris was invaded on June 14 and France surrendered.

Quick Question…
? Why

was Germany able to defeat and conquer France so easily?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 2 where France is located. ? In your key, write that the number 2 represents the “Fall of France to Germany”

Dunkirk
? The

Allied army was pushed all the way to the English Channel ? The German army was within days of their location ? In an act of desperation, 900 boats (military and civilian) worked to evacuate the soldiers across the Channel to England ? The Allied army was forced to leave behind tanks, jeeps, weapons and supplies (bullets, gas, etc…)

Quick Question…
? Do

you think Dunkirk was a victory or a defeat for the French and British? Why?
Weigh what they lost against what they saved

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 3 where Dunkirk is located (France). ? In your key, write that the number 3 represents the “The Dunkirk Evacuation”

The Battle for Britain
? The

French defeat left Great Britain on their own against the powerful German army ? Germany and Great Britain began a long and deadly battle for the sky over Britain ? British air force (RAF) was able to hold off the German air force (the Luftwaffe) because they had better planes and radar ? The British however, still needed some help!

Quick Question…
? Why

was it so important that the British did not lose the Battle for Britain?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 4 where Great Britain is located. ? In your key, write that the number 4 represents the “Battle for Britain”

Germany Invades Russia
? In

1939, the USSR and Germany made an agreement before the war not to attack each other ? This was called the Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact ? In 1941, Hitler broke this pact and invaded the Soviet Union with an army of 3 million troops and thousands of tanks (considered the largest invasion in history)

Quick Question…

? What

is this cartoon saying?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 5 where The Soviet Union is located. ? In your key, write that the number 5 represents the “Germany invades the Soviet Union”

What about the United States?
? The

United States supported the Allied Powers during the beginning of WWII ? Despite this, they still had a policy of isolationism – staying out of a foreign war on the other side of the world ? This was all about to change…

Quick Question…
? Was

the US policy of isolationism a good or bad policy for the country?

Japan
? While

Germany was battling France and Great Britain in Europe, Japan was busy in Asia and the Pacific ? Japan launched a massive invasion of China and continued to conquer territories ? The Japanese had a strong navy and a fierce army ? They knew that their only threat in the Pacific was the United States ? So the Japanese planned an attack

Pearl Harbor
? The ? On

United States still had a policy of

Isolationism
December 7th, 1941 the Japanese military attacked the United States naval base Pearl Harbor (Hawaii) ? The goal was to inflict damage on the US before they joined the war ? Over 2000 American lives were lost in the surprise attack ? FDR and the US quickly declared war on the Axis Powers

Quick Question…
? Why

did the Japanese attacked the United States?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 6 where Pearl Harbor is located (Hawaii). ? In your key, write that the number 6 represents the “Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor”

D Day
? The

Germans were in control of France ? The Allied Powers planned to invade the German controlled France through the northern beaches of Normandy ? After a long battle, the Allied Powers took the beaches, allowing them to bring in more vehicles and soldiers

D Day Continued
? The

Allied Powers now had a passage into Europe and could begin the fight against Germany ? The Soviet Union was now fighting the Germans in eastern Europe as well. ? Victory was still a long ways away, but now in sight!

Looks like a pretty complex plan, eh?

The Allied Powers landed troops on the beach with boats. The soldiers were met with heavy machine gun fire from German forces

Think about the beginning of Saving Private Ryan (if you have seen it)

Paratroopers also dropped from airplanes during the invasion. This was extremely dangerous!

The D Day Invasion was extremely successful and allowed the Allied Powers to land their ground forces in France.

Quick Question…
? What

is the overall importance of the D Day invasion of Normandy?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 7 where Normandy is located (France). ? In your key, write that the number 7 represents the “D Day Invasion”

The War in Africa
? Italy

wanted to expand their empire into Northern Africa ? In 1940 Italy joined Germany in the war and attacked British forces in Egypt. ? Italy was quickly beaten and Hitler sent forces to save his ally. ? Fighting lasted for about 3 years with the Italians surrendering in 1943

Quick Question…
? Why

did Italy want land in Africa?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 8 in Northern Africa. ? In your key, write that the number 8 represents the “The War in Africa”

The German Surrender
? In

1945 the Allied Powers had pushed the German forces back to Germany ? The Americans were to the West of the German capital (Berlin) and the Soviets were to the East ? The Battle for Berlin began ? Hitler killed himself as he knew defeat was inevitable – The Germans surrendered a week later in 1945

Quick Question…
? Why

do you think Hitler killed himself?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 9 in Germany. ? In your key, write that the number 9 represents the “The German Surrender”

The Atomic Bomb
? The

Japanese continued their expansion through the Pacific after Pearl Harbor ? The United States launched their “Island Hopping” campaign to fight back against the Japanese ? By 1945, the Japanese were pushed back to Japan with no way to win the war ? They refused to give up and kamikaze soldiers made an invasion extremely dangerous

The Atomic Bomb
? The

Allies agreed the use of a new weapon was needed to bring an end to the war and save Allied soldiers’ lives ? This weapon was the atomic bomb – dropped on August 6, 1945

The crew of the Enola Gay – the plane that dropped “Little Boy” on Hiroshima

The Atomic Bomb
? The

Japanese still did not surrender and a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki August 9, 1945 ? Japan surrendered and WWII was over

Quick Question…
? Should

the Allies have dropped the bombs on the Japanese? Why or why not?

Map Time!
? On

your map, draw the number 10 in Japan. ? In your key, write that the number 10 represents the “The Atomic Bomb”

Theaters of WWII
? You

may have realized by now that WWII is much more of a “world war” than WWI ? Quick question… Why is WWII more of a “world war” than WWI? ? Countries from all over the world participated and battles were fought all over the world

Map Time!
? Label ? Box

the Theaters of war on your map

European. Pacific & African

in the area with the appropriate color ? Create a key on your map to show what each color represents

Your Finished Map…
? Don’t

forget that you can use this map on your summative test! ? It should have:
A title The alliances labeled and colored with a key The events numbered and labeled with a key The theaters labeled with a key Your map should look something like this…

Let’s Compare!
and WWII share many characteristics, yet were also very different ? Create a Venn Diagram to illustrate this statement ? Some of the topics you should be considering to compare and contrast are:
alliances, countries, weapons, causes, outcomes, effects, events, etc…
? WWI

Compare and Contrast

WWI

WWII

Critical Literacy
? For

each of the following slides…

Read the passage Answer the corresponding question (s)

? What

is one positive result and one negative result from Dunkirk?

? Why

did Germany want control of the skies? ? How was radar an advantage for Britain?

? How

did the British eventually defeat the threat of German U-boats?

? Why

did the Japanese attack the USA? ? What was the reaction of the USA?

? What

was D-Day? ? What is the importance of D-Day?

? Who

won the desert war, and why were they able to win?

? Why

did the Allies use the atomic bomb on Japan?



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