东莞市 2014 届高三中心组系列英语模拟试题（一）
本试卷共 10 页 满分 135 分 考试时间 120 分钟 一、语言知识及应用 （共两节） 第一节 完形填空 （共 15 小题） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1-15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中选出最佳选项。 People think children should play sport
s. Sports are fun, and children keep healthy while playing with others. However, playing sports can have 1 effects on children. It may produce feelings of 2 self-respect or aggressive behavior in some children. According to research on kids and sports, 40,000,000 kids play sports in the US. Of these,18,000,000 say they have been 3 at or called names while playing sports. This leaves many children with a bad 4 of sports. They think sports are just too aggressive. Many researchers believe adults, 5 parents and coaches, are the main cause of too much aggression in children?s sports. They believe children 6 aggressive adult behavior. This behavior is then further 7 through both positive and negative feedback. Parents and coaches are powerful teachers because children usually look up to them. Often these adults behave aggressively themselves, sending children the message that 8 is everything. Many parents go to children?s sporting events and shout insults at other players or cheer when their child behaves 9 . As well, children are even taught that hurting other players is 10 or are pushed to continue playing even when they are injured. In addition, the media makes violence seem exciting. Children watch adult sports games and see 11 behavior replayed over and over on television. As a society, we really need to face up to this problem and do something about it. Parents and coaches in particular should act as better 12 to children. They also need to teach children better 13 .They should not just cheer when children win or act aggressively. They should teach children to enjoy themselves whether they win or not. Besides, children should not be allowed to continue to play when they are 14 . If adults allow children to play when injured, this gives the message that 15 is not as important as winning. 1. A. restrictive B. negative C. active D. instructive 2. A. poor B. high C. special D. unusual 3. A. knocked B. glanced C. smiled D. shouted 4. A. impression B. concept C. taste D. expectation 5. A. roughly B. especially C. luckily D. surprisingly 6. A. question B. understand C. copy D. neglect 7. A. proved B. expressed C. strengthened D. learned 8. A. winning B. practising C. fun D. sport 9. A. proudly B. ambitiously C. aggressively D. bravely 10. A. acceptable B. capable C. possible D. accessible 11. A. impolite B. strong C. powerful D. violent 12. A. conductors B. examples C. guides D. partners 13. A. techniques B. means C. values D. directions 14. A. lost B. tired C. hated D. injured
第 1页 共 9页
15. A. body
第二节 语法填空 （共 10 小题） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的位置上。 Travel can be stressful, so it is not unusual for airports to offer a room for relaxation. 16 San Francisco Airport has taken 17 idea one step further, offering a yoga(瑜伽) room for passengers in need of a good stretch before their flights. With blue walls and a rule of silence, the room in Terminal( 航 站 楼 ) 2 18___ (design) at the suggestion of a passenger during an open meeting. Airport yoga lovers are directed to the room 19 the usual means —a picture, one 20 features a figure 21 (seat) in a full lotus position. Airport director, John L. Martin, called the room, which opened last week, "another leap forward in providing our travelers with the opportunity and space to relax and reduce pressure on 22 own terms." The architects set the lights low and warm, and constructed a floating wall 23 (symbolize) "a light spirit and enlightened mind". Yoga teacher, Tamal Dodge said, “How amazing it will be to stretch out 24 you get on a plane for a 12-hour flight! You are now given the opportunity to 25 (real) relax and prepare your body for something as tiring as sitting in an airplane seat for hours on end." 二、阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读理解 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、和 D 项中选出最佳选项。 A Not long ago the movie 2012 came into screen. The people were threatened by those scenes of destroying flood, severe earthquake, terrifying hurricane and constructions representing human civilization being destroyed and even swallowed by disaster．Luckily, they are just the director' s imagination, but the present situation is not heading a positive direction, either． Take my own experience in Alaska as an example. Once I took a trip to the glacier. Along the way there stood signposts marking the snow lines of different years. They started from the foot of the mountain, but it was at the top when I finally saw melting glaciers（融化的冰川）. My heart ached seeing the beautiful blue ice melting at every second． Sad but true, they are the effects of global warming and the result of our human impact. Furthermore, each year the rising sea level will kill 56 million people, and that' s about the population of the entire Italy. According to studies, if the temperature keeps on rising like this, by the year 2050, some islands and coastal cities including New York, Shanghai, Tokyo and Sydney will be drowned in water． Our fortune is in our own hands. It depends on us to shape our future, to reduce future human impact and find ways to form a peaceful relationship with our environment. Therefore, it's time for actions to be taken right now. Contribute a little to energy saving by using more efficient light bulbs and less hot water. Let recycle become our habit by thinking twice before throwing something away. Let us take public transportation as our first choice when going to a certain place. It might cost more time for now, but it' s to the benefit of a permanent future. Take care of every tree and grass around us by watering them or simply just avoid destroying them．
第 2页 共 9页
In a word, small drops of water make a big ocean. The earth does not belong to us. On the contrary, we belong to the earth. Please bear in mind that the earth is our home. It is our responsibility to build a brighter and better future of our planet and prevent what happened in the movie 2012 from becoming reality． 26．Why does the author talk about the movie 2012 in the passage ? A．To give example B．To lead into the topic C．To make prediction D．To provide the evidence 27． How did the author feel when he took a trip to the glacier? A．Worried B． Puzzled C． Scared D． Bored 28． It can be inferred from the third paragraph that . A．56 million people in Italy have been killed owing to the rising sea level B．Some islands and coastal cities will be drowned in water by the year of 2050 C．Human being will be in danger if we don't take actions to prevent the global warming D．It is certain that what happened in the movie 2012 will come into reality 29． According to the passage, you are advised to . A．drive our own private cars instead of taking buses to some place B．recycle everything that is used C．go to see the movie 2012 at once D．work together to take good care of our planet 30． What does the author mean by saying "small drops of water make a big ocean"? A．Think twice before taking action, B．It's our duty to protect the ocean． C．Everyone together can make a difference． D．It's important to save every drop of water． B It was Thanksgiving morning and in the crowded kitchen of my small home I was busy preparing the traditional Thanksgiving turkey when the doorbell rang. I opened the front door and saw two small children in rags huddling together inside the storm door on the top step. “Any old papers, lady?” asked one of them. I was busy. I wanted to say “no” until I looked down at their feet. They were wearing thin little sandals, wet with heavy snow. “Come in and I?ll make you a cup of hot cocoa.” They walked over and sat down at the table. Their wet sandals left marks upon the floor. I served them cocoa and bread with jam to fight against the cold outside. Then I went back to the kitchen and started again on my household budget. The silence in the front room struck me. I looked in. The girl held the empty cup in her hands, looking at it. The boy asked in a flat voice, “Lady, are you rich?” I looked at my shabby slipcovers. The girl put her cup back in its saucer carefully and said, “Your cups match your saucers.” Her voice was hungry with a need that no amount of food could supply. They left after that, holding their bundles of papers against the wind. They hadn?t said “Thank you.” They didn?t need to. They had reminded me that I had so much for which to be grateful. Plain blue china cups and saucers were only worth five pence. But they matched. I tasted the potatoes and stirred the meat soup. Potatoes and brown meat soup, a roof over our
第 3页 共 9页
heads, my man with a good steady job—these matched, too. I moved the chairs back from the fire and cleaned the living room. The muddy prints of small sandals were still wet upon my floor. Let them be for a while, I thought, just in case I should begin to forget how rich I am. 31. Two children came to the writer ?s front door because _________________. A. it was Thanksgiving Day B. they were beggars C. they wanted old papers D. they wanted a cup of cocoa 32. Why did the writer let the children in? A. She showed great pity on them B. She had old papers to sell C. She wanted to invite them to her Thanksgiving feast D. She wanted them to see how rich she was 33. The girl thought the writer was rich perhaps because ________________. A. she saw that the lady?s room was comfortable B. she saw the cups matched the saucers C. the writer ?s slipcovers were very new D. the writer was preparing a big meal while she was too hungry. 34. From the passage, we can infer that whether you are rich depends on ____________. A. how much money you have had B. how you feel about your life C. how you have helped others D. what job your husband is doing 35. The writer left the muddy prints of small sandals on the floor for a while to ___________. A. show her husband that someone had come B. remind her that she had helped two children C. remind her that she was very rich in the neighborhood D. remind her how life should be C As prices and building costs keep rising, the ?do-it-yourself? (DIY) trend in the U. S. continues to grow. “We needed furniture for our living room,” says John Ross, “and we just didn't have enough money to buy it. So we decided to try making a few tables and chairs.” John got married six months ago, and like many young people these days, they are struggling to make a home at the time when the cost of living is very high. The Rosses took a 2-week course for $280 at a night school. Now they build all their furniture and make repairs around the house. Jim Hatfield has 3 boys and his wife died. He has a full-time job at home as well as in a shoe making factory. Last month, he received a car repair bill for $420. “I was deeply upset about it. Now I've finished a car repair course, I should be able to fix the car by myself.” John and Jim are not unusual people. Most families in the country are doing everything they can to save money so they can fight the high cost of living. If you want to become a “do-it-yourselfer”, you can go to DIY classes. And for those who don't have time to take a class
第 4页 共 9页
there are books that tell you how you can do things yourself. 36. We can learn from the text that many newly married people_________. A. find it hard to pay for what they need B. have to learn to make their own furniture C. take DIY courses run by the government D. seldom go to a department store to buy things 37. John and his wife went to evening classes to learn how to_________. A. run a DIY shop B. make or repair things C. save time and money D. improve the quality of life 38. When the writer says that Jim has a full-time job at home, he means Jim_________. A. makes shoes in his home B. does extra work at night C. does his own car and home repairs D. keeps house and looks after his children 39. Jim Hatfield decided to become a do-it-yourselfer when_________. A. his car repairs cost too much B. the car repair class was not helpful C. he could not possibly do two jobs D. he had to raise the children all by himself 40. What would be the best title for the text? A. The Joy of DIY! B. You Can Do It Too! C. Welcome to Our DIY Course! D. Ross and Hatfield: Believers in DIY! D In the kitchen of my mother's houses there has always been a wooden stand（木架）with a small notepad（记事本）and a hole for a pencil. I?m looking for paper on which to note down the name of a book I am recommending to my mother. Over forty years since my earliest memories of the kitchen pad and pencil, five houses later, the current paper and pencil look the same as they always did. Surely it can't be the same pencil. The pad is more modern, but the wooden stand is definitely the original one. “I'm just amazed you still have the same stand for holding the pad and pencil after all these years.” I say to her, walking back into the living-room with a sheet of paper and the pencil. “You still use a pencil. Can?t you afford a pen?” My mother replies a little sharply. “It works perfectly well. I've always kept the stand in the kitchen. I never knew when I might want to note down an idea, and I was always in the kitchen in these days. ” Immediately I can picture her, hair wild, blue housecoat covered in flour, a wooden spoon in one hand, the pencil in the other, her mouth moving silently. My mother smiles and says, “One day I was cooking and watching baby Pauline, and I had a brilliant thought, but the stand was empty. One of the children must have taken the paper. So I just picked up the breadboard and wrote it all down on the back. It turned out to be a real breakthrough for solving the mathematical problem I was working on.” This story—which happened before I was born—reminds me how extraordinary my mother was, and is also a gifted mathematician. I feel embarrassed that I complain about not having enough child-free time to work. Later, when my mother is in the bathroom, I go into her kitchen and turn over the breadboards. Sure enough, on the back of the smallest one, are some penciled marks I recognize as mathematics. Those symbols have traveled unaffected through fifty years, rooted in the soil of a cheap wooden breadboard, invisible exhibits at every meal. 41. Why has the author's mother always kept the notepad and pencil in the kitchen?
第 5页 共 9页
A. To leave messages. B. To list her everyday tasks. C. To note down maths problems. D. To write down a flash of inspiration. 42. What is the author's original opinion about the wooden stand? A. It has great value for the family. B. It needs to be replaced by a better one. C. It brings her back to her lonely childhood. D .It should be passed on to the next generation. 43. The author feels embarrassed for ______. A. blaming her mother wrongly B. giving her mother a lot of trouble C. not making good use of time as her mother did D. not making any breakthrough in her field 44. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. The mother is successful in her career. B. The family members like traveling. C. The author had little time to play when young. D.The marks on the breadboard have disappeared. 45. In the author's mind，her mother is ______. A. strange in behavior B. keen on her research C. fond of collecting old things D. careless about her appearance 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。 以下是几个国际节日的简要介绍： A．Wharfedale Festival of Performing Arts West Yorkshire, the United Kingdom Young people are invited to compete in this performing arts festival with classes covering speech, guitar, dance, poetry and short story writing, and so on．The previous year ?s winners are invited back to perform again at a special concert．With a long and well-known history behind it , this well-attended competition is a kind of forerunner of popular television talent contests such as Pop Idol. B．Sydney Writers’ Festival Sydney, Australia Held at Sydney?s Wharf 4/5, the annual Sydney Writers? Festival is the biggest literary event of its kind in Australia and one of the biggest book fairs in the world．Attracting a mix of authors, poets, editors, publishers and book lovers, this is a great event at which people can look through thousands of titles while enjoying workshops, book readings and seminars. C．Flipside Festival Singapore As part of the Singapore Arts Festival Outreach Programme, Flipside aims to reach a much wider audience with three weeks of lively, fun street performances．Flipside promises to bring out the adventurous side of you with a combination of physical theatre and mind games as well as free outdoor performances such as music performances from local singers. D．Hay Festival Hay on Wye, the United Kingdom The little marked town, Hay, has a population of 1500 and no fewer than 39 bookshops． It bills itself as the world?s first and most distinguished book town, and is, therefore, a perfect place for a literary festival．The festival is a celebration of great writing．There are events including film screenings and musical concerts and the bookshops remain open throughout. E．Bergen International Festival Bergen, Norway Founded in 1953, the Bergen International Festival presents an impressive cast of outstanding international artists in the fields of music, ballet, opera and other performing arts．More than 120 events take place in late May to early June, which is a time of beautiful spring
第 6页 共 9页
weather．The main festival venue is the Grief Hall while the smallest and most unusual is an old trolley bus with seating for just 33 people. F．Nuits Sonores Lyon, France Held each May, this relatively new festival brings together some of the biggest club DJs from around the world．The focus is on electronic dance music, but it also embraces all musical forms ranging from hip hop to jazz． For those that want to see daylight hours after a hard night clubbing, there is a wide variety of cultural events during the day ranging from special festival food programmers to films. 下面是几个人物的简要介绍，请匹配他们感兴趣的节日。 46. Martin, a famous writer, likes to find as many chances as possible to attend literary events around the world．Martin hopes to make friends with editors and book lovers. 47. Kelly is crazy about music, especially electronic dance music．She would like to go to a festival where she can enjoy different musical forms．She also has a strong interest in films. 48．As an outgoing girl, Victoria is fond of performing arts. She hopes to take part in some performing arts festivals to challenge and improve herself, and as a way to prepare for future television talent contests. 49．Simon is in search of a festival in North Europe with a long history where he can appreciate great international performing arts, especially ballet and opera. 50．Chris is a university student who majors in music．He?d like to watch some local street music performances．He is also very interested in physical theatre and mind games.
III. 写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 基础写作 （共 1 小题， 满分 15 分） 以下是一则关于中国式过马路的报道的主要内容: 名称：中国式过马路 * 定义：一群人无视红绿灯过马路的现象 原因：1. 缺乏安全意识 2. 从众心理，认为多人同时过马路时司机会停车 危害：1. 对人们的安全构成威胁 2. 造成交通事故 3. 破坏中国的形象 建议：1. 遵守交通规则，做文明市民 2. 采取严厉有效的惩罚措施 3. 修建更多人行天桥**，使行人***过马路更方便 * 中国 式过 马路 : Chinese-style road crossing pedestrian ** 人 行天桥 : footbridge *** 行人 :
请根据以上内容给学校英语墙报写一篇通讯，内容包括： 1．中国式过马路的定义； 2．原因和危害； 3．建议。 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。
第 7页 共 9页
句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务 阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Jane is an Asian student studying in the United States. During Jane?s study there, she found that foreign students had cultures that were different on many levels from the culture in the USA. “There are language problems, and maybe some social skills, such as small talk, that are possibly not as important in their native countries, where it?s not as important to start friendships with small talk,” she said. During that time, she also found that many East Asian students blamed themselves for their limited friendships with Americans. The vast majority blamed themselves, actually for not speaking the language well enough, not knowing the culture well enough. There were also some comments about the college environment, like many of them were in the natural sciences or worked in labs where they were surrounded by other East Asians. Actually, a report from the Chronicle of Higher Education shows that many foreign students feel lonely or unwelcome in the USA and have problems in making new friends. It is believed that if you want to make new friends in a foreign school in a foreign country, be nice to someone and thoughtful of someone, like saying “hi” in the hall, or giving congratulations for a job well done. It can make wonders. 1. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 词对原文事件发表看法并讲述自己一次”如何与朋友相处”的经历，内容包括： （1） 你如何看待文中外国学生在美国所遇到的困难； （2） 描述一次你与朋友相处出现的问题及造成的影响； （3） 你是如何解决这次经历中的问题。 1．作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引 用原文中的句子； 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
东莞市 2014 届高三中心组系列模拟试题（一） 参考答案 1-5：BADAB 6-10：CCACA 11-15：DBCDC 16. But 17. the 18. was designed 19. by 20. that/which 21. seated 22. their 23. to symbolize 24. before 25. really 26-30 BACDC 31-35: CABBD 36-40: ABDAB 41-45: DBCAB 46-50: BFAEC
第 8页 共 9页
基础写作范文： Chinese-style road crossing is a common phenomenon where large crowds of people cross the road, regardless of / ignoring the traffic lights. The reason why it happens is that people lack a sense of safety or tend to follow others/ the crowd, thinking that the driver will have to stop the car because many people are crossing the road together. Apparently, such behavior will be a threat to /threaten people?s safety, result in traffic accidents and also do damage to the image of China. As a consequence, it is suggested that we citizens should obey the traffic rules and try to be civilized citizens as well. In addition, not only should strict and effective measures be taken to punish those who break the rules but also more footbridges should be built, making it more convenient for pedestrians to cross the road. 读写任务范文： Jane, a student from Asia, found cultural differences led to various problems for foreign students to make friends in America, especially for East Asian students. To begin new friendships, foreign students are advised to be kind and considerate. Living in America with a totally different culture, foreign students are bound to come across various problems in making friends. Based on my analysis, their problems may result from their inadequate knowledge of the culture and their lack of flexibility to adapt to changes. It is not rare that students may run into trouble when getting along with friends and I am no exception. One day, my good friend Li Hua invited me to a concert with him. But I had to decline his invitation because I had promised to help a classmate with his Math. Disappointed and frustrated, he refused to talk to me for the whole week, which distracted my attention from study and even negatively affected our friendship. Realizing ever-lasting friendship called for continuous efforts and compromises, I started to mend my friendship with Li Hua. I first sent him a card, making an apology to him. After that, I seized a chance to have a face-to-face talk with him, expressing his friendship meant a lot to me. Happily, the misunderstanding disappeared and we regained/ renewed our friendship. Undoubtedly, great friendship is a treasure and only by cherishing and constantly maintaining it can it last forever.