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人教第三册Unit1 Festivals around the world Reading


Festivals around the world
Warming up & Reading

Why do you like the Spring Festivals?
? ? ? ? ? ? No homework Delicious food Lucky money New clothes fireworks Gather

ing (cousins and friends who I hadn’t seen for a long time) ? …

? It is said that to get to know the culture of a country one has to learn its festivals. ? Suppose you come across an American girl who wants to know something about the traditional festivals of China. Try to introduce to her what each festival celebrates and what do people to celebrate it.

The Lantern Festival
Purpose: Activities: Watch dragon dance; Eat sweet dumpling Guess lantern riddles To celebrate the coming of the spring

Tomb Sweeping Day
Purpose: To honour our ancestors Activity: Sweep the tombs of the dead

Dragon Boat Festival
Purpose: To honor Qu Yuan Activity: Hold Dragon Boat racing; Eat Zongzi

Mid-Autumn Day
Purpose: To emphasize the importance of family
Activities: Watch the full moon; Eat mooncakes; Spend time with family and friends

Do you also know some Western festivals?
Thanksgiving Day
November

Christmas
December

Valentine’s Day
February 14th

Halloween
Oct.31

Easter
Mar--April

Father’s Day
June

April Fool’s Day
Mother’s Day
May April 1st

Valentine’s Day
February 14th

Color eggs

Easter
March-April

Pumpkin lamp

Halloween
October 31th

A fancy dress ball

There are now thanksgiving parades in some big cities in America.

Reading

Careful reading skimming
How many types of festivals are
mentioned in the passage?

1. Ancient festivals 2. Festivals of the Dead 3. Festivals to Honor the People 4. Harvest Festivals 5. Spring Festivals

scanning

How
Most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of Why planting They thought these ______________, ______ cold weather in spring __________and ________ harvest in festivals would bring a ______. autumn Other celebrations year of plenty. were held ___________ after hunters had caught catch animals _____________________.

When

They lit fires and made music.

scanning
What festivals are mentioned in each part? P1. Festivals of the Dead Japan -----Obon Mexico------Day of the Dead

America------Halloween

Obon(盂兰盆) in Japan

Specially-made lanterns/lamps are hung outside each house to lead the ancestors back to home.

The Day of the Dead in Mexico
Skeleton Costume

Toys, decorations, and candies in the shape of skulls, are sold in the market-places at this time every year to honor ancestors.

They offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead.

scanning
What festivals are mentioned in each part?

P2. Festivals to Honour People
Dragon Boat Festival Columbus Day

(India)October 2

Columbus Day in the USA
To remember the arrival of Christopher Columbus in America.

October 2 is a national festival in India to honour Mohantdas Candhi, the leader who helped gain India’s independence from Britain.

scanning
What festivals are mentioned in each part?

P3. Harvest Festivals
Harvest and Thanksgiving Festival Mid-Autumn festival

Thanksgiving Day is an American traditional holiday, falling on the fourth Thursday in November, to celebrate the harvest.

The traditional food are roasting turkey, corn and pumpkin pies with ice-cream.

scanning
What festivals are mentioned in each part?

P4. Spring Festivals
Spring festival Carnival Easter Cheery Blossom Festival

Carnival
Parade and dance in the streets day and night, with loud music and colourful clothing of all kinds. The Brazilian Carnival is one of the best-known celebrations.

Easter is an important religious and social festival in Christian countries. It celebrates the return of Jesus for Christians and the coming of spring.

Hunting for eggs

Every April when the country is covered with cherry flowers.

Japanese go out with their friends or families, sit under the trees, sing and have a picnic.

the Cherry Blossom Festival

Careful reading
1. Festivals of the Dead.
Purposes To honor the dead or satisfy ancestors the 1________ Names

Halloween 2______ Obon The Day 4________ of the Dead
Mexico Western 3______ countries

Countries Japan

Festivals

Obon

The Day Halloween of the Dead

Cleaning graves ______; lighting incense Activities _______ and lamps; playing music ______

Eating cakes with bones _____ on them; offering food, flowers gifts and ____ to the dead

Children dress up _______ and ask for sweets

4. Spring Festivals
Meani ngs
To look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring

The Cherry Names _____ Spring Easter Blossom _____ Carnivals ______ _____ Festival Festival _____

Countries

Mainly China Western religious Japan _____ countries countries _

Festivals Spring Festival Carnivals Eating good foods; giving Activities children lucky money; _____ dragon ________ ______ and dances carnivals

Parades ________; dancing in the streets; loud music; colourful clothing

III. True or False
1. The ancient people needn’t worry about their food. F 2. Halloween used to be a festival intended to T honor the dead. 3. Qu Yuan was a great poet who people honor a T lot in China. 4. Mid-autumn Festival is held to celebrate the end of autumn. F 5. Easter celebrates the birth of Jesus.

F

Homework
Revise the reading passage and learn the important words and expressions.

? 1.At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find,especially during the clod winter months.
在那个时代,如果食物难以找到,特别是在寒冷 的冬月,人们就会挨饿。

? 2.…or satisfy the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm.
……或使祖先得到满足,因为祖先们有可能回到世 上(给人们)提供帮助,也可能带来危害。

?

3. Halloween also had its origin in old beliefs about the return of the spirits of dead people. 万圣节也源自人们古老的信念,认为亡者 的灵魂会返回人间。 4.It is now a children’s festival, when they can dress up and go to their neighbours’ homes to ask for sweets.

?


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