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人教新课标高中英语必修一重点词组句子归纳总结


英语必修一重点词组句子归纳总结
必修 1 Unit1 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: 1. 3. be good to 对….友好 add up 合计,加起来 add…to 把…加到 2. calm down 平静下来;镇定下来 add to 增加,增添 add up to 总共,总计 get sb to do sth. 使…做…

40. dar

e 的用法 1). 用作情态动词 意为“敢”,后接动词原形,通常只用于否定句或疑问句以及 if 或 whether 之后,一般不用于肯定句: 例:Dare you tell her the truth? 你敢告诉她事实真相吗? I don’t know whether he dare try. 我不知他是否敢试一试。 I daren’t ask her this question. 我不敢问她这个问题。 2). 用作实意动词 意为“敢于”,可以有词形变化,可用于各类句型(肯定句、否定句、疑问句及各类从句等),其后可接 不定式(有时也可省略 to) 例:We must dare to think, speak and act. 我们必须敢想、敢说、敢做。 Does she dare to go alone? 她敢一个人去吗? 重点句型: 1. I wonder if… 我想知道是否…. 2. It’s because… that … 正是因为…. 以至于…. 3. What do you think a good friend should be like? 本句为双重疑问名句,do you think 在句中做插入语 注意:一般疑问句用疑问语序( do you think), 特殊疑问句疑问词置于句首,并用陈述语序;可用于该 句型的动词还有 believe, guess, imagine, ,suppose 等 例:Who do you suppose is the right person for the job? How many students do you guess have been to the Great Wall? 4. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. =While you were walking the dog,…在遛狗时,你不小心让狗挣脱了绳子,结果狗被车撞了。在时间、 条件、让步状语从句中,如果主句的主语和从句的主语相同,而且从句中的谓语动词又含有 be 的某种 形式,从句中的主语和 be 可以省略。 例:When I was traveling in Beijing (=when traveling in Beijing), I happened to meet a former classmate. Though he is over sixty(= though over sixty), he still keeps on studying English. She won’t go to the conference unless she is invited(= unless invited). 5. It/ This is / was the first /second time that sb. have/ had done sth.某人第一/二次做…… 例:It was the first time in a year that I’d seen the night face to face. 这是我一年以来第一次目睹夜晚。 辨析:It is (high/about) time that sb did/should do sth.是某人该干……的时候了 例:It is high time that you should prepare/ prepared for the coming exams. 6. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.如果您给我提些建议, 我会非常感谢的。 (I would be grateful if…委婉客气提出请求) 7. 强调句型:“It is(was)+被强调的部分+that(who)+原句其它部分” 来强调说话人的意愿。强调 句型可以强调除谓语动词以外的任何句子成份。一般来说,如果被强调部分是人时,用连词 that 或 who;
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4. 使役动词用法:have/make sb. do sth.使…做… have/make/get sth done 使…被做 5. have got to 不得不 7. 11. make a list of 列出 9. share sth with sb 和某人分享某物 as/so far as …is concerned 就……而言 12.go through 经历;仔细检查 look through 浏览;翻阅 13.set down/write down/put down 放下;记下 set about 开始做 16. on purpose 故意地 18. face to face 面对面地 20. pack up 收拾,打包 22. have trouble with sb/sth. 25. join in 参加(活动,会议) 26. fall in love(with sb.)相爱 28. cheat sb(out) of sth 骗取某人某物 31. put away 把…收起来;储蓄 33. advice un.意见,建议,忠告 advise doing sth.建议做…… advise. that sb./sth. (should) do 建议 做…有困难 23. communicate with sb 和…交际 set off 动身,燃放 17. 21. 14. a series of 一系列;一套;一连串

6. walk the dog 遛狗 8. hide away 躲藏;隐藏 10. on purpose 故意地 be concerned with 与…有关 concerning prep.关于;有关 get through 完成;接通电话 live through 经历过 set aside 留出;不理会 set out 出发;开始;阐述 15. be crazy about 对…着迷 in order to/so as to 为了 according to 按照;根据…所说 19. get along with 与…相处;进展 have trouble(in)doing sth. 做…有困难 24. try out 试验;试用 join 参加(组织,团体) 27. at dusk 黄昏,傍晚 29. by oneself 独自 32. get/be tired of 对…厌烦 advise v.建议 advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做……

Tom didn’t dare to do it. 汤姆不敢做那件事。

be concerned about 关心;挂念;为…担心

(此从句中 because 不能用 since 或 as 代替)

例:It’s because his hard work that he achieved success finally.

30. have/form/develop the/a habit of doing sth 有做…的习惯

例:They strongly advised that the government (should) take measures to improve the transport. 34. no longer 不再 36. lonely 指人孤独(含感情色彩) 37. much too 及其,非常,其后加 adj./adv. 38. suffer from 经历,遭受 例:She lives alone, but she doesn’t feel lonely. too much 过于,太多,其后加 un. 39. outdoor adj. 户外 outdoors adv.户外地 35 . far 用作副词,“过于,…得多” alone 指环境孤独(不含感情色彩)

如果被强调部分是物,只能用连词 that。 强调句型应避免使用 when, where, which 等连词。 含一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的强调句句型: ① 含一般疑问句的强调句型,其结构为:Is it+被强调部分+that/who+句子的其余部分? ② 特殊疑问句的强调句型结构形式为:特殊疑问词+is/was it that/who+句子的其余部分?

2)v.请求,要求 request sth. 30. request sb. to do sth. request sth from sb. request that sb./sth. (should) do a number of 是指“大量的”,后面的动词是复数形式 the number of 是指“......的数量”,后面的动词是单数形式 e.g. A number of our classmates love English.

必修 1Unit2 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: 1. 2. 4. more than 超过;多于;不仅仅;非常 no more than 不过,仅仅; 同……一样不" in…ways 在…方面 such as 放在被列举事物之前,后不用逗号 more…than 与其说…倒不如说 not more than 至多;不超过;不比……更 3. believe it or not 信不信由你 for example 放在被列举事物之前或之后,后用逗号

e.g. The number of our classmates is 45. 31. English-speaking countries 说英语的国家 32. including prep.“包括”,用于名词或代词之前 例:There were eight of us, you included. 重点句型: 1. It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. 句型:It is+adj/n+for sb to do sth 对于某人来说做某事是… 扩充:It is+adj+of/for sb to do sth as if/though 好像;似乎 当句式中形容词修饰 to do sth 时用 for;若形容词修饰 sb,则用 of. e.g. It’s kind of you to help me carry the box. 2. Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. frankly speaking 坦白地说 to tell you the truth 说真的;老实说 to make matters worse 更糟糕的是 such as 例如 such …that…这样……以致于…… (1)believe it or not 在句中做插入语,意为“信不信由你;我说的是真的”。 常见的插入语有:generally speaking 一般来说 judging from 从……来判断 to be honest 说实在的 (2)such 的用法小结 no such…as 没有这样的…… such…as…像……这样的…… Spoken-English 口语 included p.p. “包括”,用于名词或代词之后 There were eight of us, including you.

例:English is spoken in many countries, such as Australia, Canada and so on. There are many kinds of pollution, for example, noise is a kind of pollution. What would you do if you met a wild animal - a lion, for example? 5. 7. 9. ever before 从前 be based on/base... on 在...基础上 change…into 把…变成 6. even if/though 即使 8. close to 距离…近 10. take…with…随身携带 be present at 在席;出席 13. carry out 执行 15. at sb’s request 应某人的要求 17. make a request 请求 19. be different from 与…不同 21. expect to do sth. 预计/指望去做某事 23. be native to 是…的土产动物/植物

11. at present 目前 12. be absent from 缺席 14. be a native of 是…人 16. have a command of 掌握 18. give commands 命令 20. in the 1600’s=in the 1600s 22. as a rule 通常;照例 24.

present sth to sb/present sb with sth 将某物赠予或交给某人

He is reading such a book as you borrowed from the library last week. 他在读的书和你上周从图书馆借来的一样。 ( as 是关系代词,引导定语从句) He is reading such an interesting book that I want to borrow it. 他在读的书这么有趣,我想借来读读。 (that 引导结果状语从句)

play a role/part (in)在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;扮演一个角色;参与 play an important role/part 在…中起重要作用 because 后接句子 come up with 提出;赶上 come out 出版;结果;显露

25. because of 后接短语/动名词/名词 come about 发生;造成 come across 偶遇;碰到

26. come up (vi) 走近;上来;提出;发生;被讨论

必修 1Unit3 重点词组句子归纳总结 28. the same…as… 相同的 重点词组: 1. 3. 4. graduate from 从…毕业 care about 忧虑,关心,在乎,挂念 give in 屈服;让步;投降;上交 give back 归还
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27. make (good/full) useof(好好/充分)利用 29. request 1)n.请求,要求 例: We will make a request for help if necessary.

2. imagine doing sth 幻想做某事 care for 喜欢,照顾 give away 泄露;送掉;赠送 give up 放弃(后接 sth./doing sth.)

His request is that the work(should) be finished as soon as possible.

give off 发出(蒸汽、光等) 5. 7. 9. 11. 13. as usual 像往常一样 at an altitude of 在…海拔上 change one’s mind 改变主意 make camp 野营,宿营 put up 搭起;张贴

give out 分发;筋疲力尽 6. at midnight 午夜 8. attitude to/toward(s) 对…态度 10. to my mind=in my opinion 12. make up one’s mind to do 决心干某事 14. as usual 照常 sth be familiar to sb 某事为某人所熟悉

(1)坚决要求; 坚决主张 Insist on / upon doing sth.或 insist that-clause,从句动词用(should) do 例:The government insists that waste water (should) be made clean before going into the river. She insisted on our staying there for supper. (2)坚持认为; 坚持说 Insist on / upon doing sth.或 insist that-clause,从句动词用陈述句语序和相应的时态 例:He insisted on his innocence. (无罪) The farmer insisted that the neighbor had stolen his sheep.

15. sb be familiar with sth/sb 某人熟悉某事/人 17. 18. dream of/about doing sth 梦想做某事

16. for onething…for another(用来引出某事的理由)一方面…另一方面… have a dream of sb/sth/doing sth 梦见某人/某物/梦想…… persuade sb to do sth=persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 persuade sb not to do sth=persuade sb out of doing sth 说服某人不做某事 try to persuade sb to do 尽力说服某人做某事 = advise sb to do sth 19. 20. 22. 23. 24. 27. determine to do sth(动作)/be determined to do sth(状态)决心干某事 get sb interested in 使某人对..感兴趣 21. insist on(one’s)sth/doing sth 一定要;坚持要 the best way of doing sth/the best way to do sth 干某事的最好办法 can’t wait/can hardly wait to do sth 迫不及待想干某事 set /break(beat)/hold a record prefer 的用法: 例:He prefers his coffee black.他喜欢不加牛奶的咖啡 prefer doing to talking 喜欢做而不喜欢说 创造/打破/保持记录 25. A be similar to B A 与 B 相似 3. 5. 6. 7.

必修 1Unit4 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: 1. right away=right now=at once=immediately 立刻,马上 2. 基数词+million/billion/hundred/thousand(单) millions/billions/hundreds/thousands +of happen to do 碰巧做某事 分数表达法:母序子基;分子大于 1 时,分母用复数 burst into tears/laughter in ruins 成为废墟 burst out crying/laughing 4. at an end 结束,终结 例:one-third 突然哭/笑起来 two-thirds

26. ever since 从…以来;从那以后 1)prefer 接名词或代词

8. the+adj.可表一类人:如 the poor, the injured 10. fall down 倒塌 12. be pleased to do 乐意做某事 14. judging….from 根据……来判断 16. be proud of/take pride in 以……而自豪 invite sb for/to sth 19. be trapped in/under 陷入……/陷在……下面 21. a great number of 许多,大量 give honour to sb 敬重

9. instead of 代替;而不是 11. dig out 挖掘;发现 13. 15. 17. 18. 22. make/give a speech 发表演说 tens of thousands of 成千上万 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 think highly of 对……评价高 it is useless doing sth 干某事是无用的 对……感到荣幸

2)prefer…to…(介词 to)喜欢…胜过…;喜欢…而不喜欢… 例:prefers coffee to tea.喜欢咖啡胜于茶. 3)prefer to do sth 更喜欢做… 例:She prefers to live among the working people.她更喜欢同劳动人民住在一起. 4)prefer doing sth 更喜欢做…/宁愿… 例:I prefer standing.我宁愿站着. 5) prefer to do rather than do sth 宁愿…而不愿… 例:prefer to die rather than surrender.宁死不屈 He preferred to stay at home rather than go with us. 6)prefer sb/sth to do sth 希望… I should prefer you not to stay there too long.我希望你不要在那儿呆得太久. She preferred him to spend all day out.她希望他渡过所有的日子. 重点句型: Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we(should) find the source of the river. insist v.
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20. be proud of 为……而自豪 23. be/feel honoured by 24.

in honour of 为向……表敬意;为庆祝;为纪念 be known as 作为……而知名 as is known to all 众所周知 25. rise(rose, risen) (1)vi.上升,起立(床) ,增长 The amount of money spent in dealing with the problem of pollution keeps rising year by year. (2)n. 上升,上涨,升起 arise in price 涨价 give sb. a rise 给某人提工资 at the rise of the sun 日出之时 a rise in the cost of living 生活费用的增加 be known for 因……而出名

拓展: raise vt.举起,提出,提高,饲养 The price of rice has been raised lately. = The price of rice has risen lately. raise chickens 养鸡 raise one’s voice 提高嗓音 raise one’s hands 举起手 26. break out(战争、火灾、疫病等)突然发生,爆发 break down 出毛病,不运转 break in 插话,破门进入 break off 突然终止 重点句型: 1. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. 动词 -ing 形式作伴随状语 例:Both of his parents died in the war, leaving him alone. 2. While dairy writers try to record how they feel very soon after things happen, journal writers try to better understand what has happened to them much later.虽然日记作者试图在事情发生后不久就记录他们的感受, 但是日记作者要在很久后才能努力尝试更好地理解发生在他们身上的事。 while 引导的是一个让步状语从 句 while 作连词用法小结: 1)=though/although 尽管,虽然 While I admit that there are problems, I don’t agree that they can’t be solved. 2)与……同时 He listened to music while doing his homework. 3)在……期间,当……时候 He fell off the bike while he was practicing riding. 4) (表对比)而,却 He was against the plan while the majority was/were in favor of it. break away from 脱离,摆脱…… break into 破门闯入 break through 突围,突破 17. 19. 11. 12. 14. 15. 16.

set aside 储蓄;搁置 go up 上升,增长;被兴建 die from 死于(外因) fight for 为争取……而斗争 fight with 同……并肩作战/同……斗争 work out 算出 be willing to do sth 乐于做某事 献身;专心于

set down 写下,记下 13.be active in=take an active part in 积极参与,在……活跃 die of 死于(内因如:饥饿,寒冷,疾病等)t fight against 为反对……而斗争 18. have a go=have a try 20. come to power 当权,上台 22. work as 充当,担任 receive(客观)收到

stop sb (from) doing sth/keep sb from doing sth/prevent sb (from) doing sth 阻止某人做某事

put sb in prison=throw sb into prison=send sb to prison 把……投入监狱

21. devote…… to 23. accept(主观)接受

例:I received a gift but I couldn’ t accept it. 24. turn to sb. for help 求助于某人 turn to 求助于,致力于 重点句型: 1. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. only 放在句首且后接状语时(作状语:副词;介词短语;状语从句),要使用部分倒装------才 用一般疑问句语序。 Only yesterday did his father tell him the truth. Only when his father came back did he go to bed.(从句无需倒装,主句要倒装) 2. I felt bad the first time I talked to the group. the first time 用法相当于连词用法,用来引导从句 例:I fell in love with her the first time I saw her. 链接:It’s the first time that 现在完成时 It was the first time that 过去完成时 3. He taught us duringt he lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep.(should have

必修 1Unit5 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: 1. 2. 3. 4. 6. 8. lose heart 丧失勇气 worry about 担心 (动作) in trouble 处于困境中 be sentenced to 被判处 be equal to 相等的,平等的 blow up 充气爆炸 set off 出发,动身 lose one’s heart to sb/sth 爱上,喜欢上 be worried about 担心(状态) have trouble(in)doing sth. 做…有困难 5. be out of work=lose one’s job 失业 7. as a matter of fact=in fact=actually 事实上 9. beg for 乞讨 set about 着手做某事(set about doing sth) set out 陈列,摆出;开始(set out to do sth 着手做某事)
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done 本应做而未做) needn’t have done 本不应做而做了 can’t have done 过去不可能做过

10. set up 建立,创立;设置,竖起


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