2013届湖北高考英语一轮复习基础知识课件：Unit1 A land of diversity（新人教版选修8）
佳 作 诵 读
晨 读 必 背·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 写 作 提 升 ·············· ·············
绕“A good relationship benefits us all”这个试题，根据以下要
点，用英语写一篇120词左右的短文。 你的文章必须包括下列要点： 1．建立良好的师生关系的必要性； 2．你认为良好的师生关系应该是怎样的； 3．如何才能建立这种关系。
注意： 1．开头已为你写好，不计入总词数； 2．必须使用手写印刷体，书写工整，字迹清楚。 A good relationship benefits us all
As a middle school student, I think it necessary to build a
good relationship with our teachers，
【经典范文】 A good relationship benefits us all As_a_middle_school_student,_I_think_it_necessary_to_build _a_good_relationship_with_our_teachers，for it is the teachers who_show love and concern for us students in study and life. We students can always seek support and advice from them, from which we benefit and learn a great deal.
In this case，an ideal relationship between teachers and students is very important. In my opinion, this relationship should be filled with love, care, understanding, and respect, so we can exchange ideas freely. To build a relationship of this kind, teachers should become our friends while we students ought to trust teachers and express our feelings frankly. Only by joint efforts can we enjoy a warm relationship between teachers and students，and live a happy and harmonious life.
考 点 锁 定
明 确 目 标·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 基 础 自 清 ·············· ·············
Ⅰ.重点词汇 1．______adj.清晰的；明显的→______n．差别；区分；卓著 2．________n．手段；手法 3．________n．大多数；大半→________n．少数；小部分 4．________vt.选择；选举某人→________n．选举；选择 5．________n．百分比；百分率→________n．百分数 6．______n．(人口、贸易的)繁荣 vi.处于经济迅速发展时期 7．________vi.移入→________n．移民；移居入境
8．________vi.发生；出现 9．________vt.指出；标示；表明；暗示→________n．指 示；暗示 10．______adj.显而易见的；显然的→_______adv.显然地
15．________vt.插入；嵌入 答案 1 ． distinct; distinction 4.elect; election 2.means 3.majority; minority 6.boom 7.immigrate；
Ⅱ.短语回顾 1．live________ 继续存在；继续生存 2．________means of用??办法；借助?? 3．________a life习惯于新的生活方式、工作
6．team up________ 与??合作或一起工作
8．take________ 包括；吸收 9．a great/good________许多；很多 10．________for申请 答案
Ⅲ.句式填空 1．现在分词的完成式(having done)作状语 It also has the distinction of being the most multicultural state in the USA，________(吸引了)people from all over the
2．that引导的表语从句(It is likely that...) However，________(很可能)Native Americans were living in California at least fifteen thousand years ago.
3．why 引导的表语从句(That's why...) ________( 那 就 是 ?? 的 原 因 )today over 40% of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language. 4．that引导的主语从句(It's believed that...)
________(人们相信)before long the mix of nationalities will
be so great that there will be no distinct major racial or cultural groups, but simply a mixture of many races and cultures.
答案 1．having attracted 4.It is believed that 2.it is likely that 3.That is why
高 频 考 点
热 点 梳 理·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 分 层 突 破 ·············· ·············
考点单词 1．majority n．大多数；大半 A majority of people believe smoking is harmful to health. 大多数人相信吸烟有害健康。 Young people were in the majority at the meeting. 这次会议中年轻人占了多数。 the majority of 大多数??(接名词复数或不可数名词) by a majority of 以??的多数 be in the majority 占多数；过半数 narrow majority 勉强的多数
【易错提示】 the majority of 作主语时，谓语和其后的名词保持一致； most 表示“大多数”时，可以直接修饰名词(可数或不可数)； 也可以使 用“most of the＋名词”这一结构，谓语和其后的名词一致。
(2012·山东兖州市检测)Eventually he gave in
to the wish of the________.
[解析]majority大多数。most 放在名词前；average 平均的；
common 常见的；共同的。 [答案]B
2．occur vi.发生；出现 Many accidents occur in the home. 许多事故都发生在家中。 I suppose it never occurred to you to phone the police.
It occurred to sb. to do sth.某人想到做某事
It occurred to sb. that...某人想到??
【易错提示】 occur, happen, take place, break out 表示“发生， 爆发”时均 不能用于被动语态或进行时态。
It had never________to him that he might be
falling in love with her.
[解析]It occurred to sb. that某人突然想起。
3．indicate vt.指出；标示；表明；暗示 The arrow indicates the way to the park. 那个箭头指示到公园的路。 Snow indicates the coming of winter. 雪象征着冬天的到来。 indicate sth. to sb.向某人指出/暗示某物 indicate that...示意；表明；暗示；说明 indication of doing sth.做某事的迹象 indication that...??迹象
Research________that men find it easier to
give up smoking than women.
[解析]indicate表明。point 指向；witness 见证；mean 意
4．hire vt./n.租用；雇用 Teamed up with a couple (Peter and Terri) from my hotel and hired a car. 我和住在同一家旅馆的一对夫妇(皮特和特丽)合作， 租了一辆 车。 We hired a driver to take us on a tour of the city. 我们雇了一个司机带我们游览这个城市。 hire out 租出去；受雇(＝hire oneself out) on hire 出租 for hire 出租
He was ________ as a salesman in Samsung
Company, but was soon________because of his dereliction of
A．employed; firing B．employed; fired
D．hiring; being fired
5．nowhere adv.任何地方都不 n.无处；不知道的地方 He went nowhere last Sunday. 上星期天他什么地方也没去。 nowhere near 离??很远 be nowhere 一无所得；一事无成
【易错提示】 nowhere 位于句首时，句子用倒装。
Nowhere________my lost sheep. B．I can find D．I do find
A．can I find C．do I find
6．react vi.作出反应；回应 People can react badly to certain food additives. 有的人对某些食物添加剂产生严重反应。 Iron reacts with water and air to produce rust. 铁与水和空气起化学反应而生成锈。 How did they react to your suggestion? 他们对你的建议有什么反应？
react on 对??有影响 react against 反对；反抗 react with 与??发生化学反应
reaction to 对??反应
The government has________to the outbreak
of violence by sending scores of soldiers to guard the area.
[解析]react to作出反应。contribute to 有助于；adapt to 适
应；turn to 转向。 [答案]A
7．elect vt.选择；决定做某事；选举某人 Increasing numbers of people elect to work from home nowadays. 现在越来越多的人选择在家工作。 Purchasers can elect to pay in monthly installment. 购买者可选择逐月分期付款。 be elected as... be elected to do... 被选举为?? 决定做??
It is said that the chairman of the meeting
8．apparent adj.显而易见的；显然的；表面上的 Certain problems were apparent from the beginning. 某些问题从一开始就是显而易见的。
【思维拓展】 It is apparent that... ??是很显然的
apparently adv. 显然地
【易混辨析】 obvious apparent clear 这三个词中程度最强的词，含有“一目了然 ”之意。 指貌似真实，实际上并非如此；表面上看起 来。 指易于观察、了解和识别，含有“明白的， 清楚的，明白无误的”之意。
It's obvious that you are wrong.很明显你是错误的。 It was apparent from her face that she was lying. 从她的脸上明显看出她在撒谎。 He seems clear about his plans.
It's clear that the drug does benefit some patients.
(2012·安庆市二模)His health is improving
day by day.It is quite________that the medicine has a good effect
on his disease.
[解析]apparent显然的。strange 奇怪的；complex 复杂的； uncertain 不确定的。 [答案]B
考点短语 1．by means of...用??办法；借助?? I found my bike by means of a notice in the newspaper. 我借助报纸上的一则通告找到了我的自行车。
【思维拓展】 by this means 用这种方法 by no means 决不；一点也不 by all means(用于交际用语)表同意“当然可以” by any means 无论如何
【易错提示】 (1)当 means 作主语且有 every, each, one 等词修饰时， 谓语动 词用单数；有 some, several, many, few 等词修饰时，谓语动词用 复数。 (2)by no means 放到句首时，句子用部分倒装语序。 By no means shall I do it.我绝不会干那事。 Every possible means has been tried, but none worked. ＝All means have been tried, but none worked. 各种办法都尝试了，但没有一种奏效。
【易混辨析】 way method means approach 多与in连用，构成in...way 多与with连用，构成with...method 多与by连用，构成by...means 多与to连用，构成approach to...
By no means________such a good opportunity! B．I shall miss D．I miss
A．shall I miss C．miss I
[解析]by no means置于句首，句子采用部分倒装。
2．keep up 坚持；维持；沿袭(风俗、传统等) The rain kept up all afternoon.雨下了整整一个下午。 Slow down—I can't keep up！慢点——我跟不上了！ I can't keep up with all the changes. 并非所有的变化我都能跟得上。
【思维拓展】 keep it up 保持优秀成绩；继续干下去 keep up with 不落后；跟得上 keep away(使)远离 keep back 隐瞒(某事)；扣下，留下 keep down 控制，抑制(某事物) keep on(doing)继续(干) keep out(of)阻止进入；不卷入，避开
即境活用10 A．keep up C．make up
You must________a good state of mind. B．take up D．set up
[解析]keep up保持。take up 开始，从事，占用；make up
化妆，和好，弥补；set up 成立。
3．team up with与??合作或一起工作 I teamed up with him to do the work. 我和他合作做这项工作。 【思维拓展】
a team of
on a team
play for a team
We should________others in society. B．put up with D．catch up with
A．team up with C．come up with
[解析]team up with与……合作。put up with 忍受；come
up with 提出；catch up wtih 追上。
4．mark out划线标出??的界限 There's a fascinating drive marked out for tourists. 有一种专为旅游者选定的迷人的驾车旅游活动。 A volleyball court had been marked out on the grass.
【思维拓展】 mark down 记下；减价；给低分
mark up 涨价；提高分数 mark off 用界限隔开
be marked with 标有……的标志
We must________the tennis court ready for
the match these days.
5．take in 包括；吸收；改小；领会 It's a 79 km roundtrip that takes in all the famous tourist spots. 这是一次往返 79 公里的旅行，它涵盖了所有著名的旅游景 点。 I told Grandpa we were going away, but I don't think he took it in. 我告诉爷爷我们要走了，但我认为他没听明白。
【思维拓展】 bring in get in let in cut in be set in settle in 引进；赚钱 收获；进入；收割 让人??进来；欺骗 插嘴 以??为背景 安顿好；安居在??
These teenagers don't know much of the
world yet; that's why they were so easily________.
[解析]take in欺骗。take up 占用；take on 呈现；take off
6．make a life习惯于新的生活方式、工作等 They went to the West and decided to make a life there. 他们去了西部地区，决心去那里适应新生活。 To our surprise, he came to life soon.
come to life
live/lead a．..life 过着??生活 come back to life 苏醒过来，恢复生气 bring...back to life 使??苏醒过来
start a new life 开始新生活
In my opinion, it is not so helpful to give
someone some bread as it is to teach him how to________.
C．make a life
D．make his way
[解析]make a life谋生。make sense有意义；make progress
取得进步；make his way朝着……走。 [答案]C
重点句型 1．However, it is likely that Native Americans were living in California at least fifteen thousand years ago. 然而，很可能至少在 15,000 年以前美洲土著人就住在加利福 尼亚了。 It's likely that...很可能??。在该句型中，it 为句子的形式主 语，that 从句为真正的主语。 It's very likely that she will ring me tonight. 很可能今晚她会给我打电话。
【思维拓展】 sb./sth.is likely to do sth.某人/某物很有可能做某事 She's very likely to ring me tonight. 很可能今晚她会给我打电话。
【易混辨析】 likely 用于①it is likely＋that从句 ②sb./sth.is likely to do sth. 但一般不用于it is likely for sb. to do sth.
用于①it is possible (for sb.) to do sth. possible ②it is possible＋that从句 但不用于sb. is possible to do sth. probable 常用于it is probable＋that从句
即 境 活 用 15 ________to rain soon.
Look, dark clouds are gathering. It's
[解析]It's likely to rain很可能要下雨。
2．That is why today over 40% of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language. 那就是今天超过 40%的加利福尼亚人仍然把西班牙语作为第 一或第二语言的原因。 That's why...那就是??的原因。在该句型中，why 引导表语 从句。 It was raining hard then.That was why I was late. 那时正下着大雨。那就是我迟到的原因。
【思维拓展】 That's why...那就是为什么??(why 从句表示结果) That's because...那是因为??(because 从句表示原因) The reason why...is/was that...??的原因是??(表语从句常 用 that 引导，而不用 because) That's where...那就是??的地方
They hurried on.That was because it was getting dark. 他们匆匆赶路。因为天色正暗下来。 That's where he was born.那就是他出生的地方。
—I prefer shutting myself in and listening to
music all day on Sundays.
—That's ________I don't agree. You should have a more
[解析]That's where I don't agree.那是我不同意之处。 [答案]A
3．It is believed that before long the mix of nationalities will be so great that there will be no distinct major racial or cultural groups, but simply a mixture of many races and cultures.人们认 为，过不了多久，多种国籍的混合将会如此之大，以至于不可能 存在明显的主要的种族和文化群体，而是一个多种族、多文化的 混合体。 It's believed that...人们认为??。 在该句型中， 是形式主语， it that 引导主语从句。
It's believed that he should be punished because he drove too fast.
【思维拓展】 It's said that... It's reported that... It's hoped that... It's wellknown that... It's thought that... It's suggested that... 据说?? 据报道?? 大家希望?? 众所周知?? 大家认为?? 据建议??
【易错提示】 这 种 结 构 可 以 改 为 简 单 结 构 。 即 ： sb./sth.is said/thought/believed/reported to do sth.但是 hope 除外。
即境活用17 harm to health.
It has been proved________smoking does
[解析]It has been proved that... 已被证实……。
课 堂 双 基
紧 扣 考 点·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 跟 踪 训 练 ·············· ·············
Ⅰ.词义辨析 1．Testing is still the usual________by which students' progress is measured. A．way B．method
[解析]means 办法。way 方法；method方法；manner 行为，
礼貌。by the means 用……办法。
2．As we can see, in the nursing profession, women are in the ________.
[解析]in the majority 占大多数。
3．What________of babies die of this disease in African countries every year?
[解析]percentage 比例，比率。amount 量；number 数字；
quantity 数量。 [答案]A
4．As the wages were low, there were few________for the job.
[解析]applicant 申请人。enterprise 事业；purchase 购买；
profit 利润。 [答案]B
5 ． I saw in the paper that another earthquake had________in Sichuan, causing many deaths.
[解析]occur 发生。slip 滑动；react 反应；occupy 占用。
6．The bell________the end of the class rang, interrupting our heated discussion.
[解析]indicate 预示着。insert 插入；govern 统治；reflect
7 ． It was________from her face that she was really upset.Better leave her alone.
[解析]apparent 明显的。racial 种族的；abundant 丰富的；
flexible 灵活的。 [答案]D
8．Having been given such a good chance, how could she let it________away?
[解析]slip 滑动。drill 操练；click 敲击；scan 扫描。
9．He earned his living by________himself out to whoever needed his services.
[解析]hire 雇用。drag 拖；adapt 使适应；ban 禁止。
10．She________her key into the lock, turned it but the lock wouldn't open.
[解析]insert 插入。adopt 采纳，收养；stress 强调；abuse
team up with; take in; keep up; apply for; by means of;
mark out; in addition; home to; occur to; feel like 1．A good idea________Jane while she was talking to Mary. 2．They________the tennis court with white paint. 3．People gain valuable work experience and，________， employers can afford to employ them.
4．Do you________going for a swim after we have finished
5．The mountain is________a good many wild animals and rare plants.
6．The woman was________by the businessman's offers of
marriage and stupidly gave him most of her money.
7．You can________ another class member if you want.
8．I'm now writing to________admission to your language school. 9．They eventually succeeded________perseverance.
10．I hope the fine weather will________. The crops need much sunshine.
1．occurred to 2.marked out 3.in addition 4.feel like
7.team up with
Ⅲ.单词拼写 1．It was________(显然的)that the successful launch of Shenzhou-Ⅷ drew the world's attention. 2．The________(大多数)of people interviewed preferred
TV to radio.
3．The________(改革) of teaching methods helps to the improvement of teaching quality. 4．As many as 200,000 head of________(牛)are raised in this area, which are likely to lead to the damage of the environment.
5．Many________(申请人)applied for the well-paid job, but none of them were accepted by the company.
6．A high fever________(表明)that a person's body is
7．The old man________(滑倒) on the icy road and broke
his leg. 8．He is happy that he was________(选举) monitor at the class meeting yesterday.
9．She had looked everywhere for her children but they were________(到处都无) to be found, which made her very
10．What does it cost to________(租) a car for a week?
1 ． apparent 5.applicants 6 ． indicates 10.hire 2.majority 7.slipped 3.reform 8.elected 4.cattle 9.nowhere