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独立主格结构与动名词复合结构


玉田二中高三英 语

英语高考专题复习讲与练
独立主格结构

动名词复合结构

B 1.When I came in, I saw Dr.Li ____ a patient. A.examine B.examining C.to examine D.examined D 2.When I came in,

I saw a boy ____ by a doctor. A.examine B.examining C.to examine D.examined

3._____ a satisfactory operation , the A patient recovered from illness very quickly. A.Having been given B.Having given C.Giving D.Being given 4.____a satisfactory operation, the B doctor believed the patient would recover from his illness very soon. A.Having been given B.Having given C.Giving D.Being given

D 5.Finding her car stolen,__________. A.a policeman was asked to help B.the area was searched thoroughly C.it was looked for everywhere D.she hurried to a policeman for help A 6.Faced with a bill for $10,000,______. A.John has taken an extra job B.the boss has given John an extra job C.an extra job has been taken D.an extra job has been given to John

7.When ___different cultures, we often C pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. A.compared B.being compared C.comparing D.having compared 8.____with the size of the whole earth D the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. A.Compare B.When comparing C.Comparing D.When compared

9.His leg badly ____, he had to stay in B bed. 独立主格 A.was hurt B.hurt 结构 C.to hurt D.hurting =Because his leg was badly hurt, he had to stay in bed. A 10.All things____, he is fit for the job. A.considered B.was considered C.are considered D.considering =If all things are considered, he is fit for the job.

独立主格结构是由一个相当于主语的名词或代词 加上非谓语动词、形容词(副)词、或介词短语 构成的一种独立成分。该结构不是句子,也不是 从句,所以它内部的动词不能考虑其时态、人称 和数的变化,它与其主句之间既不能通过并列连 词连接也不能有从句引导词引导,常用逗号与其 主句隔开。独立主格结构起状语的作用,在很多 情况下可以转化为相应的状语从句或其他状语形 式,但很多时候不能转化为分词形式,因为它内 部动词的逻辑主语与主句主语不一致。在做这类 题目时一定要小心判断,不能粗心大意。

一、独立主格结构的构成形式 1. 名/代(逻辑主语)+分词(doing/done)

C 1.Weather ____, we will go out for a walk. A.permits B.permitted C.permitting D.to permit =If weather permits,we will.... 2._________no bus, we had to walk home. A A.There being B.Being C.Having been D.There was = Because there was no bus, we had to walk home.

3._________, the train started. A A.The signal given B.Giving the signal C.The signal being given D.The signal giving
=After the signal was given,the train started.

B 4._________, the text became easier for us to learn. A.Explaining new words B.New words explained C.Being explained new words D.Having explained new words = When new words were explained , the text became easier for us to learn.

2 .名/代(逻辑主语)+不定式(to do) C The exam______ tomorrow, I can't go to the cinema tonight. A.to hold B.being held C.to be held D.having been held

=Because the exam is to be held tomorrow , I can't go to the cinema.

3.名/代(逻辑主语)+形/副 (名/代+being +形/副, being可省略) D 1.Our lessons____, we went to play football. A.being over B.over C.were over D.A and B =When our lessons were over, we went to play football.

2._________, you can wait a while. D A.The play being still on B.The play still on C Being still on the play D.A and B A 3._________, so you can wait a while A.The play is still on B.The play being still on C.As the play is still on D.The play still on

4.名/代(逻辑主语)+介词短语 ? with+名+介+形物主代词+名 The teacher came in, with a book in his hand. ?名+介+名 The teacher came in , book in hand.

B 1.He left the office, __________. A.tears being in eyes B.tears in eyes C.being tears in eyes D.with tears being in eyes

1.She lay against the wall, the sun ___ C upon her. A.shine B.was shining C.shining D.shines D 2.Winter____, it is getting colder and colder. A.comes B.came C.to come D.having come

3.The homework___,the child went B home. A.finishing B.finished C.to finish D.was finished A 4._____the work made the boss very happy. A.His finishing B.Finished C.He finished D.Finishing 动名词的复合结构

带有逻辑主语的动名词叫做“动名词复 合结构”
1.名词所有格/物主代词+动名词 I insist on Mary’s going there. His not coming made me very angry. 2.名词通格/人称代词宾格+动名词 I know he doesn't mind me saying so. Do you remember Mary and her mother coming to see us last year?

动名词复合结构的功能
1. 作主语 His coming home late worries his mother. John’s coming here will get us out of trouble. 2.作宾语 I don’t remember him/his giving me that book. Do you mind my smoking? I don’t like the idea of our living here. He left the city without our knowing it .

3.作表语 What is most important is Tom’s going there at once. The main trouble is their not having enough money. 1.The discovery of new evidence led C to ____. A. the thief having caught B. caught the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught

2. — What caused the party to be put off? B — _____ the invitations. A. Tom delayed sending B. Tom’s delaying sending C. Tom delaying to send D. Tom delayed to send

C 3. _____ made her parents worried a lot. A. Her not to come back B. Not her to come back C. Her not coming back D. Not her coming back B 4. ---I must apologize for ____ ahead of time. ---That’s all right. A. letting you not know B. not letting you know C. letting you know not D. letting not you know

1.--I'd like to buy an expensive sports car. --Well, Jack, we have got several C models____. A.for choosing B.to choose C.to choose from D.to be chosen from 2.I would love____to the party last night B but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A.to go B.to have gone C.going D.having gone

3.Henry can't attend the party___at A Tom's house at present because he is preparing for the speech at the party___at Mary's house tomorrow. A.being held; to be held B.held; being held C.to be held; held D.to be held; to be held

4.European football is played in 80 countries, A ___it the most popular sport in the world. A.making B.makes C.made D.to make 5.He hurried to the booking office B only____ that all the tickets had been sold out. A.to tell B.to be told C.telling D.told

5.If ___the same treatment again, he is C sure to get well. A.giving B.give C.given D.being given 6.The naughty boy tried several times to D escape from school, ____each time by his teacher. A.having been caught B.unfortunately caught C.always being caught D.only to be caught

C 7.The boy was caught___in an examination and had to face the music. A.reading B.singing C.cheating D.performing 8.--Do you have any clothes___, sir ? B --No, thanks. I had my wife ___ this morning. A.to wash; wash B.to be washed; wash C.washing; wash D.to wash, washed

A 9.I don't want ____ like I'm speaking ill of anybody, but the manager's plan is unfair. A.to sound B.to be sounded C.sounding D.to have sounded 10.The idea for the new machine C occurred to Mr.Baker____to his invention recently. A.while devoting B.while devoted C.while he was devoting himself D.while devoting himself

B 11.What worried the child most was ____ to visit his mother in the hospital. A.his not allowing B.his not being allowed C.his being not allowed D.having not been allowed 12.The children went home from the A grammar school, their lessons___for the day. A.finished B.finishing C.having finished D.was finished

Homework:
Finish the exercises on your book.


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