一、学校生活及学习成绩 Be getting on well with one’s study 某人的学习越来越好 take several courses at school 在学校学若干门课程 have English (Chinese, Physics?) every (other )day work hard at? put one’s heart into?专心于;致力
于 be interested in? be fond of like chemistry best be good at?; be poor at?; do well in?; be weak in? make progress in?; fail in?’ be tired of?’ pass the examination; give sb. a passing grade; major in history 主修历史 He has the best record in school.他的成绩最棒。 get a doctor’s degree 获得博士学位 be more interesting to sb. learn about; succeed in?; be active in class (work); take an active part in?; learn? by heart; work out a (maths) problem; improve oneself in?; get 90 marks for (English); get an“A” in the exam; have a good command of? lay a good foundation in (language study) 二、师生关系 get on well with sb; like to be with students; be gentle with us; be kind to sb; be a strict teacher; be strict with one’s pupils; be strict in work We think of him (her) as?; help sb with sth; praise sb for sth?; blame sb for sth.. give advice on?; question sb on? be satisfied with?
correct the students’ homework carefully and prepare for the next day; give sb a lot of work; try to teach sb good study habits; make one’s lessons lively and interesting; teach sb. sth.; teach sb to do sth. devote all one’s time to work; admire (sb.for) his devotion to the cause of education 佩服他对于教育事业的献身精神。 三、课余活动及周末生活 spend one’s time in many different ways; enjoy doing things by oneself; go swimming; go for an outing; have an outing at (the seashore); see the sights of Beijing; play the piano (violin); play chess (basketball); have a swim; have dances on weekends; have a picnic over the weekend; go to the cinema; have a party; hold a sports meeting; do some reading; help sb do sth; enjoy a family trip; get everything ready for; ride one’s bike with sb.to(the park); There are a lot of activities at (the beach). We enjoy a change from our busy life in the city. She would like to bring sth. to the picnic. It was a very relaxing Sunday. There are good programmes on TV on weekends. 四、彼此沟通信息 take a message for sb; send a message to sb; hear from sb; talk about/of sth; tell sb to do sth; get information about?; express one’s idea (feelings) in English 用英语表达一个人的思想（感情）; Write sb a letter saying?给某人写信说...， apologize to sb for?
thank you for?; make a speech t at the meeting; explain sth to s; look upon sb as?; think sb to be?; take sb’s side 五、事件中人的态度 would like to do; allow sb to do; keep sb from doing (prevent sb. from doing); call on sb to do; be afraid to do (be afraid of?)； fee like doing; insist on doing; drive sb. off; speak highly of sb; speak ill of sb; think highly of sb; force sb to do; offer to do; refuse to do; agree to do; regret doing; prefer to do A rather than do B; had better do; would rather (not) do. 六、事情过程 have the habit of doing?; have no trouble doing; make up one’s mind to do; prepare sb for?; give up doing?; do sth as usual; do what he wants us to do; set about doing; try one’s best to do?=go all out to do; get into trouble; help sb out; do one’s bit for New China; wait for sb to do; find a way to do; make friends with sb; show (tell) sb. how to do?; take (send) sb to?; I’m trying to find?; I’m afraid we are out of?; pass the time doing; feel a little excited about doing?; can’t help doing?; do some good deeds to people; be prepared for more hard work; Some are doing A, others are doing B, and still others are doing C. 七、感观活动与思维活动 look around for?; look up (down) at?; catch sight of?;
take a look at?; hear sb do (doing); take notice of?; take view of?; have a good understanding of?; consider sb (sth) to be?; come to know?; realize that?; know that +从句 八、情感与欲望 be pleased with?; be delighted in doing?; take a pleasure in doing; be worried about; feel surprised at? be sorry for?; be angry with sb for sth; be angry about?(为某事生气)； look forward to doing?; wish to do; expect to do; long for (long to do); be sick for one’s home; have a strong desire to do?; 九、健康状况及治疗 be in good shape; be in good (poor )health; feel weak (well, terrible, sick); have got a high (slight ) fever; have a slight (bad) cold; take one’s temperature; have got a pain in?; be good (bad) for one’s health(eyes); It’s nothing serious. stay in bed until?; save one’s life 十、其它 It (take)sb. some time to do?; It is said that?; be fit for; be short of; be well dressed; miss the lecture (train); change?into?; waste time doing; spend time doing; be busy doing; have no choice but to do; I can’t help it. be in need of?; be mistaken about?; fall behind?; catch up with; on behalf of; instead of; be welcome to do?; Running, biking and swimming are popular in summer. Skiing and skating are my favorite winter sports. 十一、信件开头常用语
You letter came to me this morning. I have received your letter of July the 20th. I’m writing to you about the lecture to be given next Monday. I’m writing to ask if you can come next week. How time flies! It’s three months since I saw you last. Thank you for your letter. In reply to your letter about (the exhibition this year)?; Let me tell you that? 十二、信件结尾常用语 Please remember me to your whole family. Give my best regards (wishes) to your mother. Best wishes. With love. Wish you a pleasant journey. Wish you success. Wish you the best of health. (luck) Looking forward to your next visit to China. Looking forward to the pleasure of meeting you. Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible. 十三、问路和应答 Go down this street Turn night/left at the first crossing It’s about?meters from here You can’t miss it In front of behind at/a the corner(不用 in) Pass two blocks “游客纷至沓来”这句话，很多学生不能用英语写出“纷至沓来”这个成语，但是可以 用以下几种表达方式： ⑴A large number of visitors come here ⑵There are lots of visitors coming here every day ⑶Many people visit here every day
⑷A lot of people pay a visit here every day 十四、多使用过渡性词语使句子连贯 表列举：for example、for instance、that is to say 表补充：besides、in addition、moreover 表对比：on the one hand?on the other hand in spite of 表原因：because of、thanks to、due to、owing to 表结果：therefore、thus、as a result、so 表结论：to conclude、in a word、in brief、to sum up 表转折：however、nevertheless、yet 十五、段首句 1. 关于??人们有不同的观点。一些人认为?? There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____. 2. 俗话说（常言道）??，它是我们前辈的经历，但是，即使在今天，它在许多场合 仍然适用。 There is an old saying______. Its the experience of our forefathers，however， it is correct in many cases even today. 3. 现在，??，它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先，??；其次，??。 更为糟糕的是??。 Today， ____， which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First， ____ Second，____. What makes things worse is that______. 4. 现在，??很普遍，许多人喜欢??，因为??，另外（而且） ??。 Nowadays，it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides，______. 5. 任何事物都是有两面性，??也不例外。它既有有利的一面，也有不利的一面。 Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception，it has both advantages and disadvantages.
6. 关于??人们的观点各不相同，一些人认为（说）??，在他们看来，?? People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them，_____. 7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题??，这个问题变得越来越严重。 Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious. 8. ??已成为人的关注的热门话题，特别是在年青人当中，将引发激烈的辩论。 ______ has become a hot topic among people，especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way. 9. ??在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用，它给我们带来了许多好处，但同 时也引发一些严重的问题。 ______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well. 10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出??。 很 显然??，但是为什么呢？ According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph，it can be seen that______ while. Obviously，______，but why？ 十六、中间段落句 1. 相反，有一些人赞成??，他们相信??，而且，他们认为??。 On the contrary，there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time，they say____. 2. 但是，我认为这不是解决??的好方法，比如??。最糟糕的是??。 But I dont think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example，____.Worst of all，___. 3. ??对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的， （也是）非常重要的。 首先，??。而且??，最重要的是?? ______is necessary and important to our countrys development and construction. First，______.Whats more， _____.Most important of all，______.
4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先，我们可以??。 There are several measures for us to adopt. First， we can______ 5. 面临??，我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来??。一方面??，另一方面， Confronted with______，we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing，______For another，______ 6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说??，另外??。所有这些方法肯定会??。 It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition. _____.All these measures will certainly______. 7. 为什么??？第一个原因是??；第二个原因是??；第三个原因是??。总的来 说，??的主要原因是由于?? Why______？ The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this， the main cause of ______due to ______. 8. 然而，正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样，??也有它的不利的一面，象??。 However， just like everything has both its good and bad sides， ______also has its own disadvantages， such as ______. 9. 尽管如此，我相信??更有利。 Nonetheless， I believe that ______is more advantageous. 10. 完全同意??这种观点（陈述） ，主要理由如下： I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.