汕头市 2013-2014 学年度普通高中教学质量监测
高三英语 本试卷共三大部分，满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1．答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号分别填写在答 题卡上，用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型（A）填涂在答题卡上，并在答题卡右上角的“试室号”和“座 位号”栏填写试室号、座位号，将相应的试室号、座位号信息点涂黑。
2．选择题（46—50 题除外）每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答 案标号涂黑，如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 3．非选择题和 46—50 题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答题前必须先填好答题 纸的密封线内各项内容。答案必须写在答题纸上各题目指定区域内相应位置上；如需改动， 先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案；不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答 案无效。 4．考生必须保持答题卡、答题纸的整洁，考试结束后，将试卷和答题卡、答题纸一并 交回。 第一部分 英语知识应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中选出能填入空白处的 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A noted American psychologist once remarked that childhood is a magical period in one?s life. Indeed it is, for during 1 one undergoes a step-by-step transformation not only in 2 capacity, but also in physical and verbal skills. Each step 3 an increase in the difficulty of a child?s conceptual and learning abilities. During the early stages of childhood, from infancy to about five, the child learns 4 skills including using the toilet, bathing and dressing himself 5 . At this stage, he also learns to be very observant, curious, imaginative and creative. His ability to remember things also 6 at this stage. He remembers details that an adult may have difficulty in remembering. 7 , he learns elementary skills in problem-solving. At school, particular in 8 classes, the child is especially creative. Given a piece of paper and some colored pencils, he draws a variety of 9 from his surroundings as well as from his 10 circle. It is not surprising to see a child draw a monster to represent an abusive father, and an ___11__ to represent a loving and caring mother. As he graduates to the later stages of childhood bordering on the 12 years, the child learns the 13 of human relations and socialization by interacting with his peers—his friends and schoolmates. He also learns to 14 with new life situations, including dates and part-time work. Given a tight schedule of schoolwork, the child learns to prepare his own schedules of work and play; the more___15_____ and less serious ones manage to take time out of their busy schedules of assignments, reports and tests and examinations to go with their friends on relaxation entertainment. 1. A. adolescence B. adulthood C. childhood D. infancy 2. A. spiritual B. mental C. practical D. magical 3. A. signs B. presents C. prevents D. signals
4. A. difficult 5. A. willingly 6. A. develops 7. A. Undoubtedly 8. A. music 9. A. pictures 10. A. family 11. A. beauty 12. A. infancy 13. A. competence 14. A. agree 15. A. practical
B. simple B. independently B. increases B. Otherwise B. art B. buildings B. school B. actress B. teenage B. commitment B. experiment B. cautious
C. useful C. confidently C. reduces C. Unexpectedly C. chemistry C. reflections C. teacher C. angel C. adulthood C. complexity C. withdraw C. enthusiastic
D. helpful D. excitedly D. strengthens D. Gradually D. biology D. images D. friend D. witches D. aged D. competition D. concern D. stubborn
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 仔细阅读下面短文，短文中有 10 个空格。请按照语境以及括号里所给的词完成短文。 答案填写在答题卡标号为 16—25 的对应位置。 As a working mom with three young sons, keeping the house clean is a big challenge. Even 16 we clean the house every week, one hour later our bedrooms and bathrooms are back to their messy(混乱的) look. When 17 (ask), my boys will help neaten their room, clear their plates from the table and pick up their school junk. But I need to remind them 18 it again and again. If I don?t remind them, I will step over all the things 19 make my house look like a garbage can. This is quite 20 change from my pre-kid years when I never left any waste in the house. 21 seems that I cannot get these days back again at my own house. When last week I 22 (find) a program called “Share a Healthy Habit” on a newspaper, I saw a great chance to engage my sons in cleaning chores. Why not encourage these behaviors during the summer, while school is out and their life is 23 (relax)? The goal for my boys is to clean their own dorm room 24 themselves when they are free. The rewards for clean habits start young and continue as they get 25 (old), so I need to start my plan as soon as possible. 第二部分 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分）
第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列四篇短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A A few days ago, I was sitting in a Thai restaurant enjoying a meal when I got on a phone call from a friend I hadn?t spoken to in a long time. In my enthusiasm and excitement, I talked quite louder than usual voice and in Spanish, my mother tongue. A few minutes into the call, an old lady sitting at the table beside mine got up, seemingly offended, and asked the restaurant staff to relocate(重新安排) a table as far away as possible from this man who seemed to be impolite. I sank in my seat out of embarrassment. I ended the call soon afterwards and felt the urge to
apologize. Before getting up, I looked around to see where she was and she was at the table farthest away from me. I noticed that the lady was alone and staring out the window. I found a tinge (气息) of sadness or anxiety and perhaps a desire for aloneness and peace. But I had obviously destroyed it minutes earlier. Right then I abandoned my plan for a conventional apologetic gesture. Seeing those funny smile cards in my wallet, I took one out and wrote some words to express my apology. On signing my restaurant bill, I asked a waiter to secretly charge the lady?s meal to me and hand her the smile card instead of her bill. Did she take it the wrong way, I wondered? Did she get confused? Did she refuse the anonymous offer? And so on. I just waited and felt nervous to learn the outcome. To my pleasant surprise, things turned out the best possible way. The waiter approached me in a joy, telling me, “In the many times she had dined here before, I had never seen the old lady smile as she did when receiving the smile card and the $0 bill. She thanked me even though I explained that someone else did the job.” 26. The old lady changed her seat mainly because of __________. A. her private phone call B. the author?s loud voice C. the views out of the window D. the restaurant staff?s mistake 27. What can we infer from Paragraph 3? A. The author didn?t stop talking though he felt embarrassed. B. The author went up to the old lady and apologized to her. C. The old lady just moved to the farthest table to see outside. D. The lady didn?t have a nice mood and liked to stay alone. 28. Feeling sorry, the author offered the old lady the following EXCEPT __________. A. an apologetic gesture B. a smile card C. a free meal D. some written words to apologize 29. Why did the author say, “… things turned out the best possible way”? A. Because the waiter became joyful. B. Because the old lady forgave him. C. Because he didn?t need to pay the bill. D. Because someone else did the job for him. 30. Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A. A Misunderstanding Caused by Different Cultures B. An Unpleasant Experience in Thailand C. A Smile Card for a Sincere Apology D. An Old Lady Who Never Smiles B This Valentine?s Day, millions of people will exchange heart-shaped gifts of all kinds, from candy to cards. But did you know that the human heart does not actually look like the typical valentine shape?
According to heart specialist Dr. Robert DiBianco, we can learn more about this important organ. “The human heart is about the size of a fist. Because the heart is a muscle with lots of blood supplied to it, it looks red like meat,” he explained. “In people who are overweight, the heart looks yellow because it is covered with yellow fat.” In the United States, children are taught to place their hands over their hearts when pledging allegiance to the flag. Most people have heard that the heart is on the left side of the chest. In reality, the heart is in the middle of the chest, tucked snugly between the two lungs. And what does the heart actually do? DiBianco explained that the heart is a pump that pushes blood throughout the body by expanding and contracting. “Each living part of the body needs blood to live, and that?s why it?s important for the blood to go to different parts of the body,” DiBianco said. When you?re exercising, it takes your blood about ten seconds to get from your heart to your big toe and back, much quicker than usual. In fact, a kid?s heart has to push blood through about 60,000 miles (96,560 kilometers) of blood vessels, which is long enough to circle the Earth two and a half times! When the kid grows, his or her blood vessels grow, too. So all that pumping takes a lot of effort. To push blood, an average heart beats a hundred thousand times a day. That means that in a lifetime, the average human heart will beat more than two and a half billion times. 31. If you are too heavy, your heart may __________. A. be like the valentine shape B. look yellow with the fat C. change the color and the shape D. become much bigger than your fist 32. According to Dr. Robert DiBianco, the heart is usually __________. A. on the left side of the chest B. on the right side of the chest C. in the middle of the chest D. under the two lungs 33. The underlined expression “expanding and contracting” in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to __________. A. giving and taking B. beating and pausing C. becoming faster and slower D. getting bigger and smaller 34. What can we learn from Paragraph 6? A. Doing exercise will make blood flow faster. B. A kid has longer blood vessels than an adult. C. The more a heart beats, the healthier its owner will be. D. A heart pushes blood through about 60,000 miles in a lifetime. 35. What is the passage mainly about? A. Characteristics and functions of human heart. B. The hearts of different kinds of people. C. Suggestions on protecting our hearts. D. The misunderstandings on human heart.
C I used to think of myself as a person learned in books, but my bookshelves told a different story. Apart from a few Indian novels and an Australian book, my literature collection only consisted of British and American titles. Worse still, I couldn?t ever found anything in translation. My reading was limited to stories by English-speaking authors. So, at the start of 2012, I set myself the challenge of trying to read a book from every country in a year to find out what I was missing. With no idea where to get those books, I was unlikely to find publications from nearly 200 nations on the shelves of my local bookshop, so I decided to ask the readers all over the world for help. I created a blog called A Year of Reading the World and put out an appeal for suggestions of titles that I could read in English. The response was amazing. People all over the world were getting in touch with me, offering ideas and book lists. Some posted me books from their home countries. In addition, several writers, like Turkmenistan?s Ak Welsapar and Panama?s Juan David Morgan, sent me unpublished translations of their novels, giving me a rare opportunity to read works unavailable in Britain. Even with such an extraordinary team of bibliophiles(爱书者) behind me, however, sourcing books was no easy task. With translations making up only around 4.5 per cent of literary works published in the UK, getting English versions of stories was tricky. One by one, the books from the countries on the list filled my heart with laughter, love, anger, hope and fear. Lands that had once seemed exotic and remote became close and familiar to me. At its best, I learned, reading makes the world real. 36. The author realized she was not a learned person when she found ________. A. she could do nothing but read books B. she had never been to Indian and Australian C. she didn?t have any translated books. D. she could only read simple English stories 37. What was the challenge the author set for herself? A. Reading books from nearly 200 countries in a year. B. Creating a blog to offer help to other readers. C. Looking for publications to publish her own books. D. Giving some suggestions on learning English. 38. Which of the following is NOT the help from people around the world? A. Offering book names. B. posting local books C. Giving financial supports D. Sending unpublished translations 39. It was not easy to find the books mainly because ________. A. the readers were unwilling to offer help B. there were too few translations in the UK C. the author had no time and no chance to do it D. the writers didn?t want to publish their books 40. We can infer that by reading the books from other countries, the author feels ________. A. bored and regretful B. thankful and pitiful
C. calm and peaceful D. satisfied and rewarded D A report consistently brought back by visitors to the US is how friendly， courteous and helpful most Americans were to them. To be fair， this observation is also frequently made of Canada and Canadians， and should best be considered North American. There are， of course， exceptions. Small-minded officials， rude waiters， and ill-mannered taxi drivers are hardly unknown in the US. Yet it is an observation made so frequently that it deserves comment. For a long period of time and in many parts of the country, a traveler was a welcome break in an otherwise dull existence. Dullness and loneliness were common problems of the families who generally lived distant from one another. Strangers and travelers were welcome sources of diversion， and brought news of the outside world. The harsh realities of the frontier also shaped this tradition of hospitality. Someone traveling alone， if hungry， injured， or ill， often had nowhere to turn except to the nearest cabin or settlement. It was not a matter of choice for the traveler or merely a charitable impulse on the part of the settlers. It reflected the harshness of daily life： if you didn?t take in the stranger and take care of him，there was no one else who would. And someday，remember， you might be in the same situation. Today there are many charitable organizations which specialize in helping the weary traveler. Yet， the old tradition of hospitality to strangers is still very strong in the US， especially in the smaller cities and towns away from the busy tourist trails. “I was just traveling through， got talking with this American， and pretty soon he invited me home for dinner—amazing.” Such observations reported by visitors to the US are not uncommon， but are not always understood properly. The casual friendliness of many Americans should be interpreted neither as superficial nor as artificial， but as the result of a historically developed cultural tradition. As is true of any developed society， in America a complex set of cultural signals， assumptions， and conventions underlies all social interrelationships. And， of course， speaking a language does not necessarily mean that someone understands social and cultural patterns. Visitors who fail to “translate” cultural meanings properly often draw wrong conclusions. For example， when an American uses the word “friend”， the cultural implications of the word may be quite different from those it has in the visitor?s language and culture. It takes more than a brief encounter on a bus to distinguish between courteous convention and individual interest. Yet， being friendly is a virtue that many Americans value highly and expect from both neighbors and strangers. 41.In the eyes of visitors from the outside world， ___________. A. rude taxi drivers are rarely seen in the US B. small-minded officials deserve a serious comment C. Canadians are not so friendly as their neighbors D. most Americans are ready to offer help 42.It could be inferred from the last paragraph that ___________. A. culture exercises an influence over social interrelationship B. courteous convention and individual interest are interrelated C. various virtues manifest themselves exclusively among friends D. social interrelationships equal the complex set of cultural conventions 43.Families in frontier settlements used to entertain strangers ___________.
A. to improve their hard life B. in view of their long-distance travel C. to add some flavor to their own daily life D. out of a charitable impulse 44.The tradition of hospitality to strangers ___________. A. tends to be superficial and artificial B. is generally well kept up in the united States C. is always understood properly D. has something to do with the busy tourist trails 45.What?s the author?s attitudes toward the American?s friendliness？ A. Favorable. B. Unfavorable. C. Indifferent. D. Neutral. 第二节 信息匹配 (共 5 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应 选项字母涂黑。 请先阅读几所大学所提供的健康医疗教育项目： A. Argosy University Our postgraduate degree level education provides the knowledge and tools to create successful and meaningful careers. Kaplan University Our university offers comprehensive training in health care to prepare you for a career in the health sciences, corrections, or private security. Everest College Through our online degree program, you can gain the necessary skills to join the health care industry. It is designed to prepare you for a career in the health sciences. Sanford-Brown College SBC is dedicated to providing innovative programs that enable students the opportunity to gain professional skills by practicing in our health care center before they work. Rasmussen College The Healthcare Management Bachelor of Science degree at our College will give students the education and practical experience they need to work as administrators. Brown Mackie University The Health & nursing programs are designed to provide students with the education needed to enter health and nursing careers. 下面是几位需要医学教育的学生，请为他们选择适合他们就读的大学： 46. My family immigrated when I was still studying my healthcare courses in a local medical college. So I had to give up my bachelor degree and moved with them. Now I hope to find a college that offers the degree education on the Internet and realize my dream of being a doctor. 47. When I looked after my mother in the hospital ten years ago, I was moved by what the nurses did. They devoted themselves into helping every patient get through the hard time. Since then, I have been determined to take up nursing
career, and now, the time is coming. 48. When studying in the university, my professor often told me that it was impossible for me to get every problem solved just with the knowledge in textbooks. It makes me realize I should look for a health care center where I can learn practical skills and gain more experience. 49. After graduating from a medical college and get my bachelor degree five years ago, I became a doctor in a big local health care center. However, I find modern medical research developing fairly rapidly, so I hope to start my postgraduate degree study in a university and serve the people here better. 50. Being a retired doctor, my father always hopes that I can continue his career. I know a doctor can help lots of people, but in fact, my favorite job is managing, no matter in a company, an institution or an organization. So maybe learning how to manage a hospital can satisfy both of us. 第三部分 写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作（满分 15 分） 最近科学家研究发现，现在的年轻人走路很少，这对于他们的健康不利。现在请你把 这个发现和专家的建议写成一篇英语短文，以提醒身边的人们要重视运动，关注健康。以下 是短文的内容： [写作内容] 研究机构 和对象： 原因： 专家建议： The Researchers 杂志对 2000 人进行调查
研究发现： 18-24 岁的年轻人中有四分之一平均每天步行不到 5 分钟 1. 很多人把步行少归咎于科技的发展； 2. 有些年轻人觉得没有人一起散步也是步行少的一个原因。 1.每天多步行，不要总是开车或搭公车； 2.每天多步行 20 分钟可以降低很多疾病发生的风险， 如心脏 病和中风。
[写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容 [评分标准] 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 [评分标准] 中风 stroke 第二节 读写任务（满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 China now boasts the world's largest publishing industry by volume, with 8.1 billion books printed in 2012, up from 7.7 billion the year before. Never before have Chinese readers had such easy access to a wide selection ranging from classical Chinese poetry to the top titles on Amazon's best-sellers list. However, while the supply of books has exploded in China in recent decades, people's interest in them has not kept up. According to a survey result published by the Chinese Academy of Press and Publication in April, Chinese people read 4.39 books per capita in the past year, a figure that trails far behind major developed countries; for example, the average American read 7, the average French and Japanese person 8.4, and the average South Korean 11. And, on average,
Chinese people allocated just over 15 minutes a day to reading, compared to almost 100 to watching television and over 45 for using the Internet. An amazing number of the Chinese are turning away from reading books. Zhang Lijia, a freelance writer based in Beijing, thinks the days when friends got together to discuss the books they were reading are gone. "People are too restless, too utilitarian(功利)," she reflects. "You need some peace in mind in order to be able to sit down with a book." Zhang's opinion is echoed by a number of longtime professionals in the book industry. “Best sellers in China today consist mainly of child-rearing manuals （育儿手册）, cookbooks, health and fitness guides, test-preparation books, thrillers, and romance novels."said He Xiongfei, a well-known publisher of popular books. "Some of them buy books, but this is just for the purpose of killing time or for test preparation. They are looking for things they think are useful to them. They are not reading," He added. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容. 2. 然后以约 120 个词就“阅读的意义”这一话题发表你的看法，并包括以下要点： 1） 你认为现在中国人不如以前喜欢阅读的原因是什么？ 2） 你觉得阅读重要吗？为什么？ 3） 以你或他人的经历举例论证你的观点。 【写作要求】 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得 直接引用原文中的句子； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
汕头市 2013-2014 学年度普通高中教学质量监测高三英语科 参考答案 完形填空： 1—5 CBDBB 6—10 ADBDA 11—15 CBCBA 语法填空： 16. though/if 17. asked 18. of 19. that 20. a 21. It 22. found 23. relaxing 24. themselves 25. older 阅读理解： 26-30 BDABC 31-35 BCDAA 36-40 CACBD 41—45 DACBA 信息匹配： 46. C 47. F 48. D 49. A 50. E 基础写作： A quarter of young adults aged between 18 and 24 only walk an average of five minutes a day, according to The Researchers that surveyed 2,000 people. Most of the young people blamed technology development for keeping them from walking. Another reason given by young adults for not walking was that they don?t have anyone to walk with. The experts suggest having a daily walk instead of taking the car or bus all the time. Adding just 20 minutes walking every day can reduce the risk of many diseases, which includes heart disease and stroke. 读写任务：
Despite the promising publishing industry in China today, many Chinese people spend little time reading. Some of them read just to kill time or prepare for the tests rather than enjoy the reading itself. As far as I am concerned , Chinese people don?t read as much as they used to for the following reasons. For one thing, people have too much going on in their mind as China is now experiencing great changes, so it has become difficult for them to enjoy reading quietly; for another, with heavy work load, people in China only read when they need something for practical use or something relaxing to keep them away from working pressure. I personally believe that reading is of great significance in life. It not only provides a source of satisfaction and pleasure, but also serves as a means to seek information and to acquire, develop and apply knowledge. Besides, people can read to develop thinking skills, to enhance language proficiency and to broaden life experience as well. I myself have improved learning English a lot through reading English novels. At the beginning, I thought it difficult to read English novels as my vocabulary was limited. However, it later turned out that when I was engaged in the story, focusing more on the enjoyment of reading instead of trying to understand every word I came across, reading English novels became very pleasant. And gradually, my language proficiency was enhanced before I realized it.