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2014年高中会考英语模拟题及答案


第 I 卷 (机读卷 共 70 分) 一、单项填空: (共 14 小题,14 分) 从每题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

16. In summer, you’d better wear ________sunglasses to protect yourself from ______sun A.

the; the B. a; a C. the; \ D.\; the 17. If it ______, the match will be put off. A. will rain B. would rain C. rains D. rained 18. Chen Hong speaks English _______ in her class and she won the first prize in oral English competition last year. A. good B. well C. better D. best 19. The lecture was ______ boring that everyone went to sleep. A. so B. very C. such D. much 20. They both fell, ________luckily neither of them was hurt. A. or B. then C. and D. but 21. The official selection of the 2008 Olympics mascots (吉祥物) ______ about one year. A. took B. spent C. paid D. cost 22. _______ across two centuries, Ba Jin experienced many periods of danger and suffering but never lost his beliefs. A.Live B.Lived C.Living D.To live 23. The first edition of the Guinness Book of World Record ______ in 1955 and has been a best-seller ever since. A. is published B. was published C. has published D. publish 24. Steven Spielberg, ______ mother was a musical teacher, was born in 1946 in a small town in America. A. whose B. who C. that D. whom 25. Jim: Alice, let’s go out for coffee. Alice: I’d like to. But I _______. I have to finish this report today. A. shouldn’t B can’t C mustn’t D needn’t 26. _____ we traveled through this country, we saw many old relics from ancient times. A. Through B. As C. If D. Because 27. About fifty years ago, when TV first _____, people thought that radio was no longer useful. A. came in B. came up C. came over D. came out 28. .It was in 1845 _____ my father made the decision to move west with twenty other families. A. that B. when C. who D. which 29.All the tasks _____ ahead of time, they decided to go on holiday for a week. A. were finished B. having been finished C. been finished D. had been finished 二、 完形填空: (共 15 小题,15 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A few words--though they mean __30__at the time to the people who say them—can have great power. I recently heard a story from a man named Malcolm Dalkoff.For the last 24 years he has been a professional __31___. Here is what he told me: As a boy in Rock Island, Dalkoff was terribly ___32___ . He had few ___33__ and no self-confidence. One day, his English teacher, Ruth Brauch, gave the class an assignment.The

students had been reading To Kill a Mockingbird.Now they were to write their own chapter that would ___34__ the last chapter of the novel.Dalkoff wrote his chapter and turned it __35___.Today he can not recall anything __36__ about the chapter he wrote, or what __37___ Mrs Branch gave him. What he does remember is the four words Mrs Brauch wrote in the margin (空白处)of the paper: ―This is __38__ writing.‖Four words, they _39___ his life. ―__40___ I read those words, I had no idea of who I was or __41__ I was going to be,‖ he said. ―After reading her note, I went home and wrote a short story, something I had always been dreaming of doing but never believed I could do.‖ Over the rest of that year in school, he wrote many short stories and always brought them to school for Mr. Brauch to evaluate(评价).She was __42__, tough and honest.―She was just what I __43__,‖ Dalkoff said His confidence _44___. Dalkoff believes that none of this would have happened, had that woman not written those four words in the margin of his paper. 30.A.much 31.A.writer 32.A.sorry 33.A.books 34.A.follow 35.A.on 36.A.common 37.A.signs 38.A.poor 39.A.changed 40.A.Unless 41.A.what 42.A.strict 43.A.feared 44.A.grew B. little B. player B. proud B. ideas B. match B. in B. stupid B. remarks B. serious B. damaged B. Until B. how B. kind B. needed B. lifted C. more C. poet C. sick C. friends C. decide C. out C. special C. prize C. good C. affected C. When C. where C. encouraging C. expected C. appeared D. most D. singer D. shy D. chances D. improve D. down D. different D. grades D. silly D. improved D. While D. which D. praising D. loved D. returned

四、阅读理解: (共 13 小题,26 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A Dwight W. Morrow was an American ambassador (大使) to Mexico during the 1920s. He is remembered as a smart diplomat (外交家). He is also remembered by his family and friends for his absent-mindedness. Once while on a train, a conductor came to Morrow, asking for his ticket. He began to search his pockets. No ticket appeared. Morrow began searching his suitcase. ―Never mind, sir.‖ Said the conductor, seeing how anxious Morrow was becoming and trying to comfort him. ―When you find your ticket just post it to station. I’m sure you have it somewhere.‖ ―I’m sure, too.‖ said the diplomat as he went on with his search. ―But I must find it. I need to know where I’m going!‖ Another time Morrow got off a train in New York and hurried to a telegraph office, where, feeling not unlike a small boy who had got lost, he sent the following to his secretary: ―I am in New York but don’t know why.‖ Within minutes came the short reply: ―You are not supposed to be in New York. You should be in Princeton giving a lecture.‖

45. The passage mainly shows Morrow’s _______. A. cleverness as a diplomat B. foolishness C. sense of humor D. absent-mindedness 46. Morrow was very upset when he couldn’t find the ticket because ______. A. he had forgotten where he was going. B. he would be punished if he couldn’t show his ticket. C. the conductor looked impatient. D. the conductor might think he was lying. 47. When Morrow got off the train in New York, ______. A. he forgot the address B. he forgot his suitcase C. he did not know that he was in a wrong city D. his secretary wasn’t there to meet him B The Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian architecture. It is at Agra in northern India. It lies beside the River Jumna in the middle of gardens with quiet pools. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jehan, who ruled India in the seventeenth century. It is in memory of his favorite wife, Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. The building, which was completed between 1632 and 1638, was designed by a local Muslim architect (建筑师) Ustad Ahmad Lahori. The whole building, with gardens and gateway structures, was completed in 1643. The Taj Mahal stands at one end of the garden tomb with marble (大理石) path. The room is softly lighted by the light that passes through double screens of carved marble set high in the walls. The building now is kept in good condition. The Taj Mahal took 22 years to build. Shah Jehan planned a similar building, but in black instead of white, to lie on the other side of the river. But before it could be built, Shah Jehan was imprisoned by his son the buried next to his wife in the Taj Mahal. 48. The Taj Mahal was built for ______. A. Mumtaz B. Shah C. Either Mumtaz or Shah D. Both Mumtaz and Shah 49. Why do you think Shah Jehan was buried next to his wife? A. His own tomb hadn’t been built. B. He hoped to be buried there. C. King and Queen should be buried together. D. He liked Mumtaz all his life. 50. The passage mainly tells us ______. A. why the Taj Mahal was built B. the love story between Shah and Mumtaz C. the famous architect who designed Taj Mahal D. the Taj Mahal – the pride of Indians C Animals are natural resources that people have wasted all through our history. Animals have been killed for their fur and feathers, for food, for sport, and simply because they were in the way. Thousands of kinds of animals have disappeared from the world forever. Hundreds more are on the danger list today. About 170 kinds in the United States alone are considered in danger. Why should people care? Because we need animals. And because once they are gone, there will

never be any more. Animals are more than just beautiful and interesting. They are more than just a source of food. Every animal has its place in the balance of nature. Destroying one kind of animal can create many problems. For example, when farmers killed large numbers of hawks(鹰), the farmers’ stores of corn and grain were destroyed by rats and mice. Why? Because Hawks eat rats and mice. With no hawks to keep down their numbers, the rats and mice multiplied quickly. Luckily, some people are working to help save the animals. Some groups raise money to let people know about the problem. And they try to get the government to pass laws protecting animals in danger. Quite a few countries have pass laws. These laws forbid the killing of any animals or plants on the danger list. Slowly, the number of some animals in danger is growing. 51. Animals are important to us mainly because ______. A. they give us a source of food. B. they are beautiful and lovely C. they keep the balance of nature D. they give us a lot of pleasure 52. What has happened to the animals on the earth? A. Hundreds of kinds of animals have disappeared forever. B. Many kinds of animals have died out. C. About 170 kinds of animals have disappeared forever. D. All kinds of animals are in danger. 53. The underlined word ― multiplied‖ may probably mean ______. A. becoming stronger B. weaker than before C. becoming larger in number D. eating more corps D Reading is not the only way to acquire knowledge of preceding work. There is another large reservoir which may be called experience, and the college student will find that every craftsman(工匠) has something he can teach and will generally teach gladly to any college student who does not look down upon them with ill-concealed contempt(拙劣的藐视). The information from these quarters(出 处) differs from that in textbook and papers chiefly in that its theoretical part the explanations of why things happen is frequently quite fantastic. But the demonstration and report of what happens and how it happens, are sound even if the reports are in completely unscientific terms. Presently the college students will learn, in this case also, what to accept and what to reject. One important thing for a college student to remember is that if Aristotle could talk to the fisherman, so can he. Another source of knowledge is the vast store of traditional practices handed down from father to son, or mother to daughter, of country customs, or folklore. All this is very difficult for a college student to explore, for much knowledge and personal experience is needed here to separate good plants from wild weeds. The college student should learn to realize and remember how much of real value science has found in this wide, confused wilderness and how often scientific discoveries turned out to be rediscoveries; of what had existed in this wilderness long ago. 54. What can we learn from paragraph 1? A. The knowledge from craftsman is not so good as that in the textbooks because it is unscientific. B. The knowledge from craftsman sometimes lacks unscientific terms, but it is also important to acquire.

C. Craftsmen have nothing to teach because they are not college students themselves. D. Craftsmen are looked down upon by college students because they never go to learn from them. 55. We can infer from the passage that______ A. to separate good plants from wild weeds needs knowledge and personal experience B. craftsman's experience is usually unscientific C. college students should learn what to accept and what to reject D. college students should get some personal experience from traditional practices 56. In the last sentence of the passage, "in this wide, confused wilderness" refers to______ A. personal experience B. wild weeds among good plants C. the vast store of traditional practices D. the information from the parents 57. The main idea of the passage is about______ A. what to learn from the parents B. how to acquire knowledge C. why to learn from craftsman D. how to deal with experience 第 II 卷 (非机读卷 共 30 分) 二、短文填空(共 10 小题,10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据上下文和空白处单词首字母的提示填写单词,使短文内容完整,逻辑 清楚合理, 语言结构及单词拼写正确。 将所缺单词完整地填写在短文下方相应题号后的横线上。 In order to p__1___ for the exam, I bought a new dictionary. One day, I l__2__ my bag with the dictionary inside it in the classroom for about two hours. When I went b__3__, the bag was not there. At first, I thought someone might have taken it by m___4__.So I put up many missing n__5__, hoping the bag would be returned. However, word came t__6___ the bag was found in the washing room but my loved dictionary had been s___7__. I felt a___8__. How can such a thing happen on the campus﹖ I suggest that the education department s_9___ pay more attention t__10__ students’ moral training. 三、书面表达(共 15 分) 本题包含可供选择的(A )和( B ) 两道题,你可任选其中一题。根据(A)和(B) 所提出 的问题和要求,参考答语和提示,写出一篇连贯完整的短文。词数不少于 60。 A 1. Where do you usually do every summer? (go to my hometown) 2. What do you always do in your hometown? ( swim, fish in the river, take pictures) 3. Did you go there this summer as well ? (yes ) 4. Did you swim and fish in the river this summer? (no) 5. Why not? Give at least two reasons. B 3. Now there is a discussion about whether we should have classes on weekends. Please introduce the discussion according to the table below. What do you think about it? Give your reasons. topic: whether we should have classes on weekends some people other people have classes not have classes the entrance examination / be held in June. have a good rest make full use of time to review learn more effectively Recently, the students of Senior 3 in our school have had a discussion about _____________________________________________________________________

参考答案 二、16-20 DCDAD 21-25 ACBAB 26-29 BDAD 三、30-34 BADCA 35-39 BCDCA 40-44 AACBA 四、45-47D A C 48-50 A A D 51-53 C B C 54-57 BDCB 1.prepare 2. left 3. back 4. mistake 5. notices 6. that 7. stolen 8. angry 9. should 10. to 三、书面表达(共 15) A. I usually go to my hometown every summer, where I always swim , fish in the river and take pictures. And I went there this summer as well., however I did not swim , nor did I fish ,because when I went to the river where I used to go , I found the river was polluted by the newly-built factory and there were many fishing boats out in the river. As a result, I didn’t have a good time this summer holiday . B. Recently, the students of Senior 3 in our school have had a discussion about whether we should have classes on weekends.Some people think they should have classes on weekends because the college entrance examinations will be held in June,and students should make full use of free time to review what they have learnt.Other people are against the idea of having classes on Weekends,They believe students should have a good rest on weekends so that they can study more effectively during the weekdays. The discussion is very exciting although we have not reached an agreement.


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