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河南洛阳高中2014-2015高二英语九月月考试题


2014-2015 学年上学期高二年级第一次(九月)月考 英语试题
2014-09-23 第 I 卷 基础知识部分(40 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (每个 2 分,共 30 分)

A
My husband Desmond was once a financial(金融的) planner. Even though he couldn’t b

alance our budget(预算), his clients trusted him completely and he made them feel secure. In exchange they paid him very well. We had a nice life then. At that time, my yoga studio (瑜伽馆) was just starting to make a profit, and I had recently decorated it. At last, I was in control of my working life and poured my heart and soul into making it succeed. When we first met, I fell hard for Desmond right away, although I wouldn’t call it love I’d never been with a man who was smarter than I was, but after a while I got used to this, and it didn’t bother me so much. I was recovering from a broken heart and needed something to help me move on. If it wasn’ t love, it was good enough, and when he asked me to marry him I jumped at the chance, knowing that it might be my last. Things started out so well. I was working steadily and Desmond was patiently climbing up the ladder in his department. Then, without any warning, one gray winter afternoon in year five, he left his desk at the bank, handed in his resignation, and came home and told me he wanted to start an interior design business. He has always loved mixing and matching, and has a real eye for color, texture, and shape, but the idea of turning a hobby into a business wasn’ t something we had ever discussed. I thought the stress of his job was becoming too much and perhaps he would take a few months off over the spring and summer to relax and get the idea out of his system. I didn’ t believe he could be serious. But once he had a few clients, he began to draw up plans, ordering catalogues and turning our empty workshop into a kind of makeshift (权宜之计)studio with all of his sketches(草图) pinned to the wall. After spending a lot of time and money on all of this preparation, and really doing quite a nice job of it, he called each client in turn and apologized, saying he wouldn’t be able to design their living spaces after all. 21.As a financial planner, Desmond ________.
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A.paid his client very well C.was making his yoga studio profitable

B.was trusted by his clients D.could make his family’s budget balanced

22.His wife thought Desmond suddenly quit his job because he ________. A.couldn’t wait to be promoted B.had experience in interior design

C.couldn’t bear the pressure from his job D.wanted to do something he enjoyed 23.The woman ________ her husband’s decision. A.was supportive of C.was satisfied with B.was uninterested in D.was negative about

24.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that Desmond ________. A.was more likely to change his mind B.would return to his office in the bank

C.made a big business in interior design D.was not well prepared for his business

B
When it comes to success in business and success in life, 养)as important as confidence. People naturally have different levels of confidence. Some have a higher level of confidence than others do, but even those whose confidence is lacking can learn to build their level of confidence and reach their most important goals. Increasing self-confidence is one of the most common reasons people give for seeking the help of psychologists (心理学家)and other professionals(专业人员). One of the many places where a greater level of confidence is useful is in the workplace. We all know how difficult it can be, for instance, to ask the boss for a raise. This process can be extremely difficult for those who lack confidence in their own abilities. After all, if you are unsure about your own abilities, how will you ever convince your boss that you deserve more money for the work you do? Even if you are not asking for that big raise, having plenty of confidence in your abilities is important to success. If you are certain of your abilities, chances are that those around you, whether they are your coworkers, your colleagues or your superiors, will see that confidence, and that will help to assure them that you are the best at what you do. Being thought of as the person to go to, and being seen as an expert in your chosen field, is naturally very important to success on the job. If you can make yourself the person people go to for guidance and advice, you will help to protect yourself from the ever present danger of
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there are few qualities (素质,素

downsizing (裁员). After all, if you are a recognized expert in the office, you will be regarded as an indispensable member of the team. Having a high level of confidence, after all, does not mean overlooking the places where you could improve. Knowing what you do well and where you need help will help you enjoy increased success and confidence. 25.What is the passage mainly about? A.The influence of confidence on one’s life. B.The difference of people’s confidence. C.The importance of confidence to success. D.The judgment on one’s confidence.

26.Psychologists and other professionals can offer help to those ________. A.who dream to be recognized experts C.who want to ask the boss for a raise B.who expect to give guidance to others D.who think their goals are hard to reach

27.What does the underlined word “indispensable” in Paragraph 5 probably mean? A.Outgoing. B.Attractive. C.Important. D.Energetic.

C
Guide to Stockholm University Library Our library offers different types of studying places and provides a good studying environment. Zones The library is divided into different zones.The upper floor is a quiet zone with over a thousand places for silent reading, and places where you can sit and work with your own computer.The reading places consist mostly of tables and chairs.The ground floor is the zone where you can talk.Here you can find sofas and armchairs for group work. Computers You can use your own computer to connect to the WiFi specially prepared for notebook computers; you can also use library computers, which contain the most commonly used applications, such as Microsoft Office.They are situated in the area known as the Experimental Field on the ground floor. Groupstudy Places If you want to discuss freely without disturbing others, you can book a study room or sit at a table on the ground floor.Some study rooms are for 2-3 people and others can hold up to 6-8 people.All rooms are marked on the library maps. There are 40 groupstudy rooms that must be booked via the website.To book, you need an active University account and a valid University card.You can use a room three hours per day,
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nine hours at most per week. Storage of Study Material The library has lockers for students to store course literature.When you have obtained at least 40 credits (学分), you may rent a locker and pay 400 SEK for a year’s rental period. Rules to be Followed Mobile phone conversations are not permitted anywhere in the library.Keep your phone on silent as if you were in a lecture and exit the library if you need to receive calls. Please note that food and fruit are forbidden in the library, but you are allowed to have drinks and sweets with you. 28.The library’s upper floor is mainly for students to ________. A.read in a quiet place C.take comfortable seats B.have group discussions D.get their computers fixed

29.Library computers on the ground floor ________. A.help students with their field experiments B.contain software essential(必要的) for schoolwork C.are for those who want to access the WiFi D.are mostly used for filling out application forms(申请表) 30.What condition should be met to book a groupstudy room? A.A group must consist of 8 people. B.Threehour use per day is the minimum. C.One should first register at the university. D.Applicants must mark the room on the map. 31.A student can rent a locker in the library if he________. A.can afford the rental fee (租金) B.attends certain courses

C.has nowhere to put his books D.has earned the required credits

D
Teenagers are often a difficult group. With all those hormones (荷尔蒙) flooding their bodies, they can be moody, unpredictable, and tend to make uncertain choices. But however confusing their teenage years are, kids can still be generally happy, depending on their lifestyle choices. According to a new research by British scientists, teens who don’t smoke, drink only moderately
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or not at all, and who don’t eat much junk food are likely to be happier than other teens. The study looked at 40,000 British families and came up with some interesting findings. For example, kids who never drank alcohol were up to six times more likely to report higher levels of happiness than kids who drank. And teens who smoked were five times less likely to rate high on happiness charts compared to kids who don’t smoke. Same goes for diet and physical activity. The more fruits and vegetables kids eat, and the more hours they spend playing sports, the happier they are. Now, of course this doesn ’ t mean that not smoking or drinking, and playing sports guarantees happiness. It could be that kids who have happy character tend to be more active and less addicted to drinking or smoking. And it could equally be the case that kids who are unhappy are more related to drinking and smoking and eating junk food. Other studies have shown that exercise is a proven way to treat anxiety and depression. Future studies may support the idea that other healthful behavior, including refraining (克制) from smoking, drinking, and eating too much junk, can avoid sadness and increase happiness, too. 32.The author developed the second paragraph mainly by ________. A.making comparisons B.providing statistics C.offering examples D.analyzing causes 33.What can we learn from the text? A.Not smoking or drinking guarantees happiness. B.Teens with flooding hormones can not be happy. C.Playing sports can decrease teen’s unhappiness. D.Unhappiness can certainly lead to smoking and drinking. 34.Which of the following might help teens quit anxiety? A.Smoking and drinking. B.Taking exercise. C.Eating junk food. D.Going on a diet. 35.Which can be the best title for the text? A.Ways to treat anxiety and depression B.Exercise and teenagers’ health C.Teenagers shouldn’t drink or smoke D.Teenagers’ lifestyle and their happiness 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Tips for cooking on a Tight Schedule(安排) From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often: ability, money and time, ____36__Money is a topic I’ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry
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and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials ready?____37____ 2. Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? ___38___ it takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3. ____39____ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start. ____40___ and don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live!

A. Try new things. B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on. 完形填空 每个 1.5 分,共 30 分 Lilly was a French Canadian girl who grew up in the farming community.When she was 16, her father __41__ her to drop out of school to contribute to the family income.With English as her second language and __42__ education, the __43__ didn’t look bright for Lilly. Lilly’s father was a stubborn man who __44__ took “no” for an answer.He __45__ Lilly to find a job.With small hope of gaining __46__, each day she would just ride to the city, walk __47__ about and return home at dusk. On one of her __48__, Lilly saw a sign at a big company.__49__, she knocked on the very first door.In her __50__ English, Lilly told the office manager she was interested in the secretarial (秘书的)position.The manager __51__ to give the girl a chance.He directed her to type a letter, and then __52__ .Lilly looked at the clock and saw it was 11:40 am.She thought everyone would be leaving for __53__ at noon, when she could __54__ away in the crowd.But she knew she
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should __55__ the letter. On her first try, Lilly __56__ one line of five words and made four mistakes.On her second attempt, she completed a full paragraph, but still made many mistakes.She looked at the clock: 11: 55 — five minutes to __57__ .Just then, the manager walked in.He came directly to Lilly, read the letter and said, “Lilly, you’re doing __58__ work!” With those simple words of encouragement, her desire to escape disappeared and her __59__ began to grow.Lilly thought, “Well, if he thinks it’s good, then it must be good.I think I’ll stay!” Lilly did stay — all because someone had given a __60__ and uncertain girl the gift of selfconfidence when she knocked on the door. 41.A.reminded B.forced C.encouraged D.helped 42.A.poor B.formal C.good D.modern 43.A.advice B.promise C.future D.change 44.A.always B.usually C.sometimes D.rarely 45.A.warned B.told C.allowed D.begged 46.A.employment B.experience C.judgment D.independence(独立) 47.A.carefully B.happily C.aimlessly D.rapidly 48.A.steps B.trips C.purposes D.choices 49.A.Bravely B.Proudly C.Calmly D.Cautiously 50.A.broken B.perfect C.written D.fluent 51.A.refused B.decided C.pretended D.failed 52.A.stopped B.continued C.left D.sighed 53.A.lunch B.life C.fun D.luck 54.A.break B.slip C.pass D.drive 55.A.read B.write C.attempt (尝试) D.deliver (分发) 56.A.went over B.picked up C.gave away D.got through 57.A.freedom B.success C.discussion D.reward 58.A.terrible B.excellent C.honest D.easy 59.A.belief B.patience C.confidence D.strength 60.A.shy B.lonely C.selfless D.modest 第 II 卷 语法填空 每个 1.5 分,共 15 分 I was always told that the three Ps, patience, positive thinking and perseverance (坚持不懈) , were a sure path __61________________ success.But this advice does not always work as planned.My high school maths exam is one example.The exam, __62_____________was originally to be held in our classroom, __63____________(change) to the library at the last minute.This, __64_____________, didn’t bother me because maths had always been my strongest subject.I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help relax __65____________.But my mood changed quickly when I saw the first question.I had no idea how to do it.I tried to stay __66____________(positive) and persevered __67______________I finally found the solution.With the problem __68____________(solve) , I felt proud of my achievement.__69____________(fortunate) , I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left
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__70____________ (complete) the rest. 短文改错 10 分 格式错误不得分 It was a fine spring day last Monday and I toured the West Lake by me. I was walking along the east bank which I found myself standing under a big tree. Some visitors pointed their cameras highly at the tree. I looked up only to find a lovely squirrel 松鼠 sitting on a low branch, busily ate something! Then it climbed down the tree and looked on food on the ground, which delighted everybody. Later that afternoon I returned to home and shocking news came from Internet. A visitor in his fifty, encouraged by his wife, rushed out, hit the squirrel to the ground and stepped on it heavily, causing the squirrel serious injured. It managed to climb the tree but then fall to the ground, dead! What a great pity! 书面表达(满分 25 分) 加拿大高中生 David 在互联网上登出启事 notice,希望结识一位中国朋友,以便学习中国的 语言、文化。假设你是重庆实验中学(the Experimental Middle School of Chongqing)的李华, 请在看到这则启事(notice)后,用英文给 David 发出一封电子邮件。主要内容包括: ① . 你怎样得知他的愿望 ② . 你愿意成为他的朋友 ③ . 你打算如何帮助他 ④ . 你盼望他的回复 短文需包括题目中所有要点,内容可适当发挥,以使行文连贯。注意:词数:100 词左右 重庆实验中学(the Experimental Middle School of Chongqing) 启事(notice)

Dear David, I am LiHua.______________________________ I am looking forward to your reply. Yours, LiHua

2014-2015 学年上学期高二年级第一次(九月)月考 英语试题 参考答案及答案解析 2014-09-23
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阅读理解 每个 2 分,共 40 分 21-25BCDAC 26-30 DCABC 31-35DACBD 36-40BGCAF 完形填空每个 1.5 分,共 30 分 41-45 BACDB 46-50 ACBDA 51-55 BCABC 56-60DABCA

语法填空 每个 1.5 分,共 15 分 61.解析:考查介词。the path to success,“通往成功的道路”。 答案:to 62.解析:考查非限制性定语从句。修饰先行词 exam, 用关系代词 which。 答案:which 63.解析:考查谓语动词。原先要在教室里举行的考试,最后一刻被改在图书馆举行 了,用被动语态。 答案:was changed 64.解析:考查连词。虽然考试换了地点,但这并没有使我不安,因为数学本来就是 我的强项。表转折,又有逗号隔开,用 however。 答案:however 65.解析:考查代词。深呼吸使自己放松下来。 答案:myself 66.解析:考查词性转换。stay 是系动词,后面接形容词形式,表示主语的状态。 答案:positive 67 . 解析: 考查连词。主句的谓语部分表持续性的动作 “tried to stay positive and persevered”,状语从句部分用 until 来引导,意为“直到??”。 答案:until 68.解析:考查非谓语动词。在 with 结构中,solve 与 the problem 是动宾关系,也就 是说对于 problem 来说, 应该是“被解决”, 所以用过去分词的形式来作宾补。 本结构是“介 词(with)+宾语(problem)+宾补(solved)”,其中宾补的形式由宾语 problem 来决定。 答案:solved 69. 解析: 考查词性转换。 此处用副词来修饰其后的整个句子“I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left ...”。 答案:Unfortunately 70.解析:考查非谓语动词作状语。只剩下 10 分钟去完成剩下部分了。 答案:to complete 短文改错 10 分 格式错误不得分

答案:第一句:me→myself 第四句:ate→eating

第二句:which→when

第三句:highly→high

第五句:on→for

第六句:去掉 to; from 后加 the

第七句:fifty→fifties; serious→seriously 第八句:fall→fell 书面表达范文

Dear David, I am LiHua. I am glad to read your notice on the internet and I know you want to
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make friends with a Chinese in order to learn the Chinese language and culture. I want to be your friend. Now I’d like to introduce myself to you. I was born in Chongqing in 1990,I study in the Experimental Middle School of Chongqing and I am good at English. I think I can help you to know about China by sending e-mails.What’s more, we can have chats on the Internet in Chinese or English and I’ll tell you the customs, the festivals,the foods,etc. of the Chinese. I hope we can keep in touch with each other. I am looking forward to your reply. Yours, LiHua
评分原则: 1、本题总分为 25 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2、评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调 整档次,最后给分。 3、词数少于 80 和多于 120 的,从总分中减去 2 分。 4、评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的 连贯性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、 美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6、如书写较差以至影响交际,将其分数降低一个档次。 各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档(21-25 分) 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 —覆盖所有内容要点。 —应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 —语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致。 —有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档(16-20 分) 完成了试题规定的任务。 —虽漏掉一两个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 —应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 —语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 —应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档(11-15 分) 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 —虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。 —应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 —有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 —应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文内容连贯。 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档(6-10 分) 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 —漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 —语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 —有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误, 影响了对写作内容的理解。 —较少使用语句间的连接成分, 内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档 0-5 分

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