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2014届高考英语一轮复习全方位配套训练人教版必修一Unit 2 English around the World完形填空3


2014 届高考英语一轮复习全方位配套训练人教版必修一 Unit 2 English around the World 完形填空 3
Throughout history,people have been interested in knowing how language first began,but no one knows exactly where or ho

w this happened. 1 ,we do know a lot about 2 ,the languages of today and also the languages of 3 times.There 4

probably about three thousand languages in the world today.Chinese is the language 5 the most speakers.English,Russian and Spanish are also spoken by many millions

of people. 6 ,some languages in the world have less than one hundred speakers. There are several important of the languages of 8 7 of languages in the world.For example,most 9 the Indo-European language

are in one large family

family.The original (最初的) language of this family was spoken about 4,500 years 10 .Many of the present languages of Europe and India are modern language of 4,500 years ago. Languages are 12 changing.The English of today is very different 14 13 11 of the

the English of 500 years ago.In time some even ago 15

completely.About 1,000 years 16 on one of the borders (边

was a little-known relative of German

界) of Europe. If a language has 17 speakers or if it is very old,there may be 19 18 in

the way it is spoken in different areas.

,the language may have several

dialects.Chinese is a good example of dialect differences.Chinese has been spoken for thousands of years by many millions of speakers.The differences among the dialects of Chinese are so great that speakers of Chinese from some parts of China 20 understand speakers from other parts. 1.A.But 2.A.English 3.A.earlier 4.A.is 5.A.for
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B.So B.history B.later B.are B.with

C.However C.Chinese C.modern C.was C.in

D.Besides D.languages D.hard D.were D.of

6.A.In addition hand 7.A.forms 8.A.Europe 9.A.called 10.A.before 11.A.times 12.A.always 13.A.about 14.A.die out 15.A.Spanish 16.A.called

B.On the one hand

C.What’s more

D.On

the

other

B.systems B.Asia B.spoken B.ago B.families B.seldom B.with B.die away B.English B.told

C.families C.Africa C.calling C.later C.forms C.often C.between C.die down C.Chinese C.spoken B.a few D.a lot of

D.changes D.America D.speaking D.old D.members D.sometimes D.from D.die off D.Russian D.named

17.A.a great deal of C.a little 18.A.speakers 19.A.That is 20.A.mustn’t B.differences B.Therefore B.may not

C.difference C.In fact C.won’t

D.changes D.However D.can’t

【语篇解读】本文为一篇说明文,讲述语言的起源与发展。 1.C 语言的起源一直是人们感兴趣的事情,但是没有人确切地知道语言起源究竟是在

何处,以何种方式发生的。然而(However),我们还是对语言有许多了解。but 后不能出现 逗号。 2.D 由上下文可知此处一直是在讲对“语言(languages)”的认识。 3.A 人们对现在的语言以及更早(earlier)的语言有所了解。由上下文可知此处与

today 对应。 4.B 由后面的 about three thousand languages in the world today 可知此处应用 be 动词的一般现在时的复数形式。 5.B 由 with 引导的介词短语作定语,修饰 language,表示“汉语是使用人数最多的 一种语言” 。 6.D 上文指出汉语是使用人数最多的一种语言,接着又说英语、俄语、西班牙语也有

数百万的人讲,话锋一转,还有不到一百人讲的语言,所以此处用 on the other hand。
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7.C 由后面的内容可知语言有几大语系, families 表示。 用 另外第 9 空前的 one large family 也是提示。 8.A 由后面的 Indo-European language family 可知,欧洲的大多数语言都属于一个 大的语系——印欧语系。 9.A 过去分词 called 作定语,表示“被称作” 。 10.B 由前面的 was spoken 可知,应该用与一般过去时连用的 ago。before 用于过去 完成时的句子中。 11.C 现在印度与欧洲的一些语言就是 4 500 年以前的语言的现代形式(forms)。 12.A 由下文可知, 语言一直都在发展变化。 always 与现在进行时态连用表示 “总是” 。 13.D be different from“与??不同” ,为固定短语。 14.A 有些语言完全消失了。die out 灭绝,消失。die away 逐渐模糊,逐渐减弱;die down 逐渐变弱,暗淡;die off 相继死去。 15.B 现在的英语与 500 年以前的不一样了。有些甚至消失了。约 1 000 年前的英语还 与当时人们讲的德语有鲜为人知的亲缘关系。 16.C 表示“讲(某种语言)”用 speak,此处用过去分词作定语表示被动。 17.D 讲某种语言的人多或某种语言很古老, 那么不同地区人们说话的方式就可能有差 别。A、C 两项只修饰不可数名词;a few 表示“几个” ,意义不符。 18.B 由上文可知此处指人们说话方式的不同,用复数形式。 19.A 此处是对上文的说明:也就是说(That is),语言可能有许多方言。 20.D 方言的差别如此大, 来自不同地区的人都无法相互沟通。 此处表示 “不会, 不能” 。

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