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英语必修一语法——with的复合结构


With 的复合结构: With +宾语+宾补:表明状态、说明背景情况一般在句中做伴随,方式,原因,条件状语。 With my son a baby, I came back to work. With a dream in my heart, I worked very hard. With a lot of work to do, I always forget to miss him. With the night falling, I began to miss him. With everything done, I went to bed. With the light off, I held my telephone and saw his photos. With my eyes red, I fell asleep. 可以看出 With+宾语+宾补可名词,介词,不定式,现在分词,过去分词,副词,形容词来充当。各自 有相应的特点名表示状态,介词表地点,要做,主动,被动,状态, 翻译下列句子: 1. He died __________________________________. 他死时女儿还是个学生。 2. She stood at the door,_______________________. 她站在文库,背对着我们。 3._________________,we are sure to finish the work ahead of time. 有李先生帮忙,我们一定能提前完成工作。 4. He lay on the grass ___________________________. 他躺在草地上,两眼望着天空。 5___________________,he looked much younger. 理了头发,他显得年轻多了。 6. The square looks more beautiful _________________. 华灯初上,广场显得更加美丽。 7. Don’t talk _________________. 不要满嘴东西时讲话 区别: With the boy leading the way, we find the way easily. With the boy to lead the way, we will find the way easily. He lay on the bed with the door closed. 非谓语动词作宾补只能用其纯结构,基本形式 单项练习:

1.(NMET.2000) _________ production up by 60 % , the company has had another excellent year. A. As B. For C. With D. Through 2.(Beijing. 2004) ________two exams to worry about , I have to work really hard this weekend. A. Besides B. With C. As for D. Because of 3. ________our food ________, we had to walk to a village for help.(成都毕业班第 一次诊断试题) A. Since; runs out B. Because; run out C. With; running out D. For; running out 4. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work _______, he gladly

accepted it.(2007 安徽) A. finished B. Finishing C. having finished D. was finished 5. Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions ________?(2009 全国卷1) A. taking B. Take C. taken D. to take 6. ----Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. ----Sorry. With so much work _______ my mind, I almost break down. (2007 福 建) A. filled B. Filling C. to fill D. being filled 7. I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise _______.(2005 北京) A. going on B. goes on C. went on D. to go on 8. With nothing_______to burn,the fire became weak and finally died out. A.leaving B.left C.leave D.to leave 9.The girl sat there quite silent and still with her eyes_______on the wall. A.fixing B.fixed C.to be fixing D.to be fixed 10. I live in the house with its door_________to the south.(这里 with 结构作定语) A.facing B.faces C.faced D.being faced 11. It was cold outside , the boy ran into the room ________ his nose red. A. to B. on C. in D. with


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