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-ing作表语定语宾补


Grammar and usage

Free talk:
What are these polluted pictures about? milk Who suffered a lot from the milk affair?

A baby who suffered from the milk affair has s

omething to say! 请注意红色的部分!
Drinking pulluted milk is bad for our health. I don’t like getting an injection. When I see many other friends getting an injection, I feel like crying. It is really frightening. Luckily, the nurse giving me an injection is really patient.

Discussion: 在句中分别起什么作用? Verb-ing
Drinking pulluted milk is bad for our health. I don’t like getting an injection./ I feel like crying.

主 语

宾 语

Discussion: 在句中分别起什么作用? Verb-ing
When I see many other friends getting an injection, I feel like crying.

宾语补足语

The nurse giving me an injection is really patient.

定语

It is really frightening.

表语

在句中的作用:





V-ing

作主语 作宾语 作定语 作表语 作宾语补足语 作状语

现在分词作表语

fighting What the cat is doing is ______________(fight)

1. -ing形式作表语时放在系动词之后, 用来泛指 某种行为, 以说明主语内容。表语与主语常可互 换位置。 Her hobby is painting. = Painting is her hobby. 我们的任务是努力学习。 Our task is studying hard. = Studying hard is our task.

interesting so that The picture of cats’ fighting is _________ we laugh all the time .(interest)

2.现在分词作表语=adj.

比较: The film is interesting. I'm interested in English.

surprising ~surprised exciting ~excited disappointing ~disappointed tiring ~tired amazing ~ amazed boring ~ bored relaxing ~ relaxed pleasing ~pleased -ing “令人....的”,主语通常是事 物。 小 结 -ed “感到....的”,主语通常是人。

1.This film was really____________ moving , we were moved greatly ______________ while seeing it. (move)

2. He was so_________ terrified when he saw________ terrifying a tiger. (terrify)
disappointed 3. She looked ______________when she heard disappointing news. (disappoint) the_______________ 4.He was encouraged _________________ by the encouraging __________________speech. (encourage)

Practice

用括号内动词的正确 形式完成短文:

Studying all day is really tiring tire). After _________( school, my best friend and I always lie on the grass and enjoy some music. We feel relaxed ( relax) that we so _________ even fall asleep soon . Isn’t it_________( amazing amaze)? However, our mums are worried (worry) always __________ about that.

现在分词作定语

Reading room

Swimming pool

表用途
Walking stick

the rising sun

Kites flying in the sky

表动作

exciting music

surprising news

表状态

位置:单个--前;短语—后
1. a dancing girl = a girl who is dancing 2. Let’s welcome all the teachers sitting behind us! =Let’s welcome all the teachers who are sitting behind us!
-ing形式短语作定语时, 放在所修饰的名 词之后, 并且在意思上相当于一个定语从句。

现在分词在时态上表正在进行; 现在分词在语态上表主动;

They lived in a room facing the street . = They lived in a room that faces the street . 他们住在一间面朝街的房子。 Anybody swimming in this river will be fined. = Anybody who is swimming in this river will be fined. 在这条河里游泳的任何一个人都会被罚款。 His brother, working as a teacher , lives in Beijing. who is working as a teacher = His brother, , lives in Beijing. 他那个当教师的哥哥住在北京。

A waiter came up to us and said, 1. The _______ “You are welcome.” A. smiling B. smiled C. smile D. to smile B the sudden 2. There was a terrible noise ____ burst of light. A. followed B. following C. to be followed D. being followed A for her 3. Tell Mary that there’s someone ____ at the door. A. waiting B. waited C. waits D. to wait

D in the city do not know the 4. People ____ pleasure of country life. A. live B. to live C. lived D. living 5. The library’s study room is full of students B for the exam. ____ A. busily prepared B. busy preparing C. busily prepare D. are busily preparing

现在分词作宾语补足语

? 宾语补足语位于宾语之后,补充说明宾语是 什么或怎么样,与宾语有逻辑上的主谓关系。

We can see a boy singing in the picture.
主语 谓语 宾语宾语补足语

1. 能用-ing形式作宾语补足语的几类动词: 1)表示感觉和心理状态的动词, 常见的有see, hear, feel, smell, find, notice, observe, look at, listen to等。 I felt somebody patting me on the shoulder. 1. As he spoke, he observed everybody( 好奇地 看着他) looking at him curiously . I didn’t notice him waiting. 2. 我没注意到他在等.

We can see her listening to music. (listen to)

We can see five kids running us in the picture. (run)

towards

We noticed a long queue waiting outside the apple shop. (wait)

警察抓住了这个男人正在偷钱。

The police caught the man stealing the money.(steal)

see / hear/ find… sb doing 正在进行
see / hear/ find… sb do 全过程

see / hear/ find… sb done

被…

真题解析 1. The ___ A boy was last seen ___ near the bank of the lake. A. missing; playing B. missing; play C. missed; played D. missed; to play 解析: missing是形容词, 作boy的定语, 意思是“失踪的”。 was last seen playing 表示被看见时正在玩。

2. When we watched the national flag D in the Olympic Games on TV, ___ we raised a cheer. A. rise B. being risen C. raised D. being raised
解析: 本题考查分词作补语, rise是不及物动词, 先排除A、B两项, 国旗是被人们升起的, 应该用分词的被动形式, 句意为: 当看到电视中 奥林匹克运动会上国旗正在被升起时, 我们 欢呼起来。

1. A cook will be immediately fired if he is

found _____ B in the kitchen.
A. smoke B. smoking

C. to smoke

D. smoked

2. When we got back from the cinema, we C but the door _______. found the lamp_______ A. being on; shut B. burning; shutting

C. burning; shut

D. on; shutting

3. New Zealand is an _____ D country;

you can hear ____ everywhere.
A. English spoken; English-speaking B. English-spoken; spoken English

C. English-speaking; speaking English
D. English-speaking; English spoke

4. When I came in, I saw Dr. Li _____ B a patient. A. examine B. examing C. to exam D. examined C by 5. When he awoke, he found himself _____ an old woman. A. looked after B. be looked after C. being looked after D. be looking after 6. Sitting by her side, I could feel her heart _________. C A. beaten B. to beat C. beating D. to be beating

? 2.现在分词作宾语补足语时,也常和表示使役的 动词keep, get, leave, set,have,等动词后 与一个名词(代词)构成复合宾语,表示, “使……一直处于某种状态”.但let /make sb do sth
1.不好意思让你等这么久。(keep) kept you waiting I’m sorry to have_________________ for

so long.

2.他父亲不让他抽烟。(let) let him smoke His father do not ______________.

老师的话让这个男孩在思索.(leave)

The teacher’s words left the boy thinking.

我将不允许你那样对我大喊(have)

I won’t have you shouting

at me that way.

不允许

have sb/sth doing 让某人/物一直做 have sb do 让某人做某事 have sth done 叫人帮忙做某事; 遭遇不幸的事情

1. It was so cold that they kept the fire ______ C all night. A. to burn B. burn C. burning D. burned 2. Don’t leave the water_______ B while you brush your teeth. A. run B. running C. to run D. had run

3. The boss has her A the letter at once. A. type B. typing C. to type D. typed B 4. The boss had all the workers day and night. A. worked B. working C. work D. to work

5. It’s really terrible to have a bus _____ B
another, which will cause an _____

accident.
A. knocking up; astonished B. bumped into; astonishing C. knocked into; astonished D. bumping up; astonishing

-ing形式和动词不定式(省略to)作宾语补 足语的区别:
前者表示动作正在进行,后者表示(或强调)动

作从开始到结束的全过程。 We passed by the classmates and saw the
teacher making the experiment.(make)
我们走过教室,看见老师在做实验。(只在走过教室的刹 那间,看见老师正在做实验)

We sat an hour and watched the teacher make the experiment. (make)
我们坐了一个小时,看老师做实验。 (一个小时之内一直在看老师作实验)

Summary:
1. The fat man’s job is painting the wall. 表语 2. The man painting the wall is very fat. 定语 3. I noticed the fat man painting the wall. 宾补

respecting (respect) others will be 1. A man__________ respected. 2. She is a teacher __________(respect) by all respected her students. taken 3.He was very happy to see his dog ______(take) good care of by his friend. washing ( wash) 4. The baby watched his dad _______ his face with great interest. 5. Though tired _____(tire), I went on with the work.

综合练习

高考链接
1 (learn)English well, we have so many words 2 (remember); our listening also needs 3 (improve). We hardly find a person 4 (play) with, because nobody wants to waste time 5 (do) nothing. Everyone wants to be the last one 6 (leave) the classroom, we have no choice but 7 (work) hard. It is no use only 8 (say) so, we are often found 9 (sit) in the classroom 10 (read). Our teachers always have 11 (satisfy) smile on their faces.

高考链接
To be frank, 12 (work) hard is not a problem. The problem is how 13 (improve) English. We have nothing 14 (say) 15 (concern) our teacher’s teaching experience. 16 (face) such a 17 (puzzle) problem, we are still sure of ourselves. 18 (learn) English for 12 years, we can communicate in simple English. Chances 19 (permit), I would like to be an English teacher of a university.

完成短文:

综合练习

Once there was a king who loved

new clothes than anything else. He hated by people (被人们 was a king_______________
所恨的). One day two cheats came. They told the king that the clothes made by them 由他们所做的) were _____________(
The Emperor's New Clothes

excited the most beautiful . The king was very __________ (兴奋的) and gave them much money. He often saw them ___________ working hard (辛勤工作) in the room, but he could never see a piece of cloth.

高考链接
1. The ____ boy was last seen ___ near the East Lake. A. missing, playing B. missing, play C. missing, played D. missed, to play 2. Do you know the boy____ under the big tree. A. lay B. lain C. laying D. lying 3. Seeing the sun___ above the surface of the sea, we let out a shout of joy. A. to rise B. to raise C. rising D. raising 4. _____ the last bus means walking home. A. Miss B. missed C. Missing D. If missing

5.They knew her well. They had seen her ___ up from childhood. A. grow B. grew C. was growing D. to grow 6. We will make it ___to all ___ she is a new teacher. A.knowing, that B. known, that

C. known, who

D. knowing, that

7. The building ___will be a library.

A.building
C. being built

B. having built
D. to build


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