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2010江苏高考英语任务型阅读题库[1]


Daneill 2010

2010 江苏高考英语(任务型阅读)题库
(一) At the beginning of the twentieth century, many people thought that the American family was falling apart. A century later, we know that

this was not the case. However, although the family is still alive in the United States, its size and shape were very different 100 years ago. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, there were mainly two types of families in the United States: the extended and the nuclear. The extended family usually includes grandparents, parents, and children living under the same roof. The nuclear family consists of only parents and children. Today there are many different kinds of families. Some people live in “traditional” families, that is, a stay-home mother, a working father, and their own biological children. Others live in two-paycheck families, single-parent families, adoptive or foster, families, blended families (where men and women who were married before marry again and combine the children from previous marriages into the new families) , child less families, and so on. What caused the structure of the family to change? In the early 1900s the birthrate began to fall and the divorce rate began to rise. Women were suddenly choosing to go to college and take jobs outside the home. In the 1930s and 1940s, many families faced serious financial, or money problems during the Great Depression, when many people lost their jobs. During World War II(1939-1945),5 million women were left alone to take care of their homes and their children. Because many men were at war, thousands of these "war widows" had to go to work outside their home. During the next ten years, the situation changed. There were fewer divorces, and people married at a younger age and had more children than the previous generation. It was unusual for a mother to work outside the home during the years when her children were growing tip. Families began leaving cities and moving into single-family homes in the suburbs. The traditional family seemed to be returning. In the years between 1960s and 1990s, there were many important changes in the structure of the family. From the 1960s to the early 1970s, the divorce rate doubled and the birthrate fell by half. The number of single-parent families tripled, and the number of couples living together without being married doubled again. In fact, the single-parent household, once unusual, has replaced the "traditional" family as the typical family in the States. If we can judge from history, however, this will probably change again in the twenty-first century. The Changes of the American Family Main comparisons Different___1____ Contexts There were two __2___ types of families in the past, ___3____, the extended and the nuclear. Nowadays __4___types of
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Changes in different ___5_____.

families can be seen than before. Many of the women had to work In the 1900s outside due to the __6___of money., and 1940s thus causing the fall of __7__and the rise of divorce rate. Divorce rate slided and there were In the 1950s more children . The families tended to be ___8___ again. Different types of In the years familes__9____. Traditional families between 1960s and are no longer the typical ones in 1990s America. A trend worth noting

Author?s opinion on changes 1. kinds/ types birthrate 8. fewer

The present structure is ___10____; it will experience changes again in the near future. 2. main 3. namely 4. more 9. occurred 10. temporary 5.periods 6. lack 7.

(二) The family sphere(范围) used to be defined by its isolation from the public realm. There was the public male realm (领域) of "rational accomplishment" and cruel competition, and the private female and child-rearing sphere of home, intuition(直觉) and emotion. The private realm was supposed to be isolated from the realities of adult life. For both better and worse, television and other electronic media tend to break down the difference between those two worlds. The membrane around the family sphere is much more permeable(可渗透的). TV takes public events and transforms them into dramas that are played out in the privacy of our living rooms, kitchens and bedrooms. Parents used to be the channel through which children learned about the outside world. They could decide what to tell their children and when to tell it to them. Since children learn to read in stages, books provide a kind of natural screening process, where adults can decide what to tell and not tell children of different reading abilities. Television destroyed the system that separated adult from child knowledge and separated information into year-by-year slices for children of different ages. Instead, it presents the same information directly to children of all ages, without going through adult filters. So television presents a real challenge to adults. While a parent can read a newspaper without sharing it with children in the same room, television is accessible to everyone in that space. And unlike books, television doesn't allow us to flip(翻转)
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through it and see what's coming up. We may think we're giving our children a lesson in science by having them watch the Challenger take off, and then suddenly they learn about death, disaster and adult mistakes. Books allow adults to discuss privately what to tell or not tell children. This also allows parents to keep adult material secret from children and keep their secret keeping secret. Take that same material and put it on The Today Show and you have 800,000 children hearing the very things the adults are trying to keep from them. "Television takes our kids across the globe before parents give them permission to cross the street." More importantly, children gradually learn that adults are worried and anxious about being parents. Actually, television has also places families under a lot of stress. How Television Changes Childhood? Contexts Homes used to be isolated from the ___2___realm. Distance between ___1__and the outside. Homes nowadays are __3__to the outside world. In the past, children might learn __4__about the outside world with the help of parents and ___5___. Media through which children can More information is got directly obtain information through TV and other electronic media, which breaks down the __6___ between adult world and the child world. Traditionally, kids could only knew what they should learn at their age, carefully___8___by their parents. _____7___ of the information children get Everything can possibly be known by children, including many aspects of _____ life. Effects on family education Families are now under greater stress than before. Adults are anxious about Parental instruction being parents and faced with new __10_____.
1. Homes 2. public 3.connected 4.indirectly 5.books 6.difference 7. Content 8. decided/ chosen 9.adult 10. challenges

Main comparisons

(三) Some people believe that greed and selfishness has become the basis of modern society, and we should return to the old traditions of family and community then we will have a better life. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above opinion? In this fast-paced world, many values are undergoing major changes. While people
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traditionally prioritize caring, sharing and generosity in life and work, modern people seem to be more self-absorbed and self-concerned. Modern people act selfishly to survive the harsh competition of life. They say that it is a jungle out there. To survive, you have to fight with whatever means that come handy. Obviously greedy and selfishness go perfectly well with such ideas. In a company, employees do everything they can to get better pay and higher position, even at the cost of colleagues. We are in any way advocating any selfish conduct. It is just that people are pressured to act in a certain way due to outside influences. In spite of common practice, it is hard to conclude that modern society is built on greed and selfishness, both of which are not newly invented vocabulary. In ancient times people also did greedy and selfish things though such behaviors were more condemned then. But we can not ignore the fact that people in the past lived a relatively more isolated life and faced less pressure compared with their modern counterparts. Are we happier to share with others and be generous to them? There is no fixed answer either. Some people take great pleasure helping and giving to others while others feel happy doing the opposite. But I personally think that people should not be too selfish. Caring for others can actually encourage the development of a mutually beneficial relationship. In conclusion, modern people appear to be more self-centered than those in the past due to strong outside pressure. However, we should encourage people to know the importance of being caring and generous and to build a mutually beneficial relationship with others. Are Modern People Becoming More Selfish? Contexts In the past people put caring, sharing and generosity in the first ____2____. Nowadays, people seem to be more ____3____about themselves. ___4___are changing too. People in the past appeared to be modest and self-effacing(谦让的). People may strive to achieve their own __5___ at the price of their coworkers. The author?s understanding ___6____ for the changes in author?s Fierce __7___ and great __8___on eyes modern people may be responsible for the changes. The author?s ___9____towards topic A relationship which can ___10___ two sides should be established. 1.Values 2. place 3. concerned 4. Behaviors 5. goals
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Main comparisons __1__ are changing

6. Reasons

7.

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competition

8. pressure

9. attitudes

10. benefit

(四) Traditionally, customers may consider more about what they buy the product for. However, the image of product and the consuming circumstance have become the key points to attract customer awareness and stimulate their buying needs. Frequently, customers buy goods just because they are cute, lovely and unique. With a less emphasis on functional utilities, the experience and imaginative space are placed into an increasingly important role. The image of product is emphasized, as well as the communication between products and consumers. “Customer behavior, which appears to be focused and directed at the object and at pleasure, in fact responds to quite different objectives: displaced expression of desire, and the production of a code of social values through the use of differential signs”(Baudrillard) . The reason for image-oriented customer behavior is probably that customers? lifestyle has been continuously virtualized by paying much attention to “Virtual Reality”. The evidences can be traced from computer games and Hollywood movies, in which customers? preference for fleeing reality is perfectly matched.
This change requires us to take efforts to enhance product image by integrating style, color, taste, shape and material, and communicate with customers creatively, imaginatively and innovatively, and enable them to enjoy the distinctive experience image brings. “[A] need is not a need for a particular object as much as it is a ?need? for difference” ( Baudrillard). The typical example is Apple Computer?s IMAC, which has strong visual impact and outstanding dynamics. By this way, customer relationship can be set up through image, and brand can be treated as living that can transform people. Other examples commonly used are Disney Fairyland and Las Vegas, where new experience and imagination are fully demonstrated. In sum, consumption is negotiation, a never-ending conversation held in the languages of advertising, packaging, branding, fashion, and entertainment.

More Attention to the Image of Product Main comparisons Different aspects ____1____about by people when they are shopping.

Different ____5__ to promote sales

Contexts In the past, people think more about the __2__of the goods. People today are more easily ___3____by the ___4___ of product and the buying atmosphere. Traditionally, producers may focus more on the functional utilities of goods. Nowadays, product image should be __6___and there should be more effective ___7____with customers.

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More The___8___ for image-centered behavior ___10_____are given to prove the importance of image

details worth

noticing

Influenced by computer games and Hollywood movies, people?s ___9____is virtualized. Apple Computer?s IMAC/ Disney Fairyland/ Las Vegas 6. stressed

1.concerned/ cared 2. use/ function 3. attracted 4.image 5. ways 7.communication 8. reason 9. lifestyle 10. Examples (五)

A listener has written from China for advice about how to lose weight. Michael in Shanghai says he is 26 and has battled obesity for most of his life. Obesity , a severe weight problem, is a complex condition. A doctor may advise taking medicine along with changing one?s behaviors. Experts say that the most successful weight—loss plans include a well-balanced diet and exercise. People who want to avoid weight gain have to balance the number of calories they eat with the number of calories they use. To lose weight, you can reduce the number of calories you take in, increase the number you use, or both. A recent study looked at four of the most popular dieting plans in the US. Researchers at Stanford University in California studied over 300 overweight women, mostly in their thirties and forties. Each woman went on one of the four plans: Atkins, The Zone, Ornish or LEARN. The women attended diet classes and received written information about the food plans. At the end of the year, the women on the Atkins diet had lost the most, more than four and one-half kilograms on average. They also did better on tests for cholesterol levels and blood pressure. Christopher Gardner, who led the study, says the Atkins diet may be more successful because of its simple message to eat less sugar. He also says that the advice to increase protein in the diet leads to more satisfying meals. He says that there was not enough money to study men, but that men would probably have similar results.

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Last week, another report based on thirty-one studies suggested that only a small minority of people have long-term success with dieting. Most dieters regained their lost weight within five years and often they become more overweight. But those who kept the weight off generally were the ones who exercised. Title: 1.___________to lose weight Doctors? advice ●:take medicine along with 2._____________

Experts? 3._________ plans

●a well-balanced diet : 4.________less energy than needed , increase the number you use, or both. ●5._________

Four of the most popular dieting plans in the US

●Atkins: eat less sugar than usual and 6.________ protein in the diet ●The Zone ●7.________ ●LEARN.

From 8.__________

●have long-term success with dieting, otherwise most dieters will 9._____their lost weight ●exercise is more important than dieting for 10.______

Key: 1. Proper ways exercise 6. increase losing weight

2. changing one?s behaviors 3. weight-loss 4. take in 7. Ornish 8. another report 9. regain 10.

5.

(六) We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages in streaming (把…按能力分班)pupils. It does not take into account the fact that children develop at different rates. It can have a bad effect on both the bright

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and the not-so-bright child. After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade! Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This is only one aspect for their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning. In our classrooms, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups: this gives them the opportunity to learn to cooperate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, and to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher. Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes they work on individual tasks and assignments, and they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this efficiently. An advanced pupil can do advanced work: it does not matter what age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal.

Develop the abilities of pupils: ●develop their full abilities, not their 1. ___________ ●value personal qualities ●2.__________ pupils-streamed teaching (disadvantages) ● not 4.________ the fact that ● ● 6._________ pupils? full abilities. give them the opportunity to learn to 3._____________ teaching (advantages)

children develop at different rates ● have a bad effect on both the

cooperate, to share, and to develop 7. ________ ● learn how to cope with 8.________ learn how to think, to make decisions, to

bright and the not-so-bright child ●

5.________ the pupils who are ●

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at the bottom of the top grade ● rather unreal to grade people

analyze and evaluate, and to communicate 9.__________. ●The pupils learn from each other 10.______ from the teacher. They can do this at their own speed

just according to their intellectual ability ●

only one aspect for pupils? total ●

personality

Keys: 1. academic ability 2. social skills 3. mixed-ability account 5. discourage 6. contribute to 7. leadership skills 8. personal problems as well as

4. take into

9. effectively

10.

(七) There are two basic ways to see growth: one as a product, the other as a process. People have generally viewed personal growth as an external (外在的) result or a product that can easily be identified and measured.The worker who gets a rise, the student whose grades improve, the foreigner who learns a new language—all these examples of people who have measurable results to show for their efforts. By contrast (对照) , the process of personal growth is much more difficult to determine, since it is a journey and not the specific signposts or landmarks along the way.The process is not the road itself, but the attitudes, feelings people have , and their caution or courage, as they meet with new experiences and unexpected difficulties.In this process, the journey never really ends;there are always new ways to experience the world, new ideas to try, new challenges to accept. In order to grow, to travel new roads, people need to have a willingness to take risks, to face the unknown, and to accept the possibility that they may “fail” at first. How we see ourselves as we try a new way of being is necessary for our ability to grow.Do we see ourselves as quick and curious? If so, we tend to take more chances and be more open to
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unfamiliar experiences.Do we think we?re shy and indecisive? Then our sense of fear can cause us to hesitate, to move slowly, and we think we are slow to adapt (适应) change or that we?re not smart enough to deal with a new challenge.Then we are likely to take a more passive role or not try at all. These feelings of insecurity (不安全) and self-doubt are both unavoidable and necessary if we are to change and grow.If we protect ourselves too much, then we stop growing.We become trapped inside a shell of our own making.

Title 1.________—Product or Process Product: easily identified and 2.______ ●The workers4 .________ ●The students improve 5._________ ●The foreigners learns new languages

●the attitudes, feelings people have ●6.____________ ●experience the world7._____________ Process: ●3.___________ to determine ●never really ends ●try new ideas ●accept 8.__________ ●a willingness to 9.________ ●face the unknown ●accept the possibility that they may “fail” ●tend to take more chances and be more open to 10.___________

Keys: 1. Growth

2. measured

3. much more difficult

4. get a rise

5.

their grades 6. caution or courage 10. unfamiliar experiences

7. in new ways 8. new challenges

9. take risks

(八)

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Without most people realizing it, there has been a revolution in office work over the last ten years. Before that time, large computers were only used by large, rich companies that could afford the investment. With the advancement of technology, small computers have come onto the market, which are capable of doing the work that used to be done by much larger and expensive computers, so now most smaller companies can use them The main development in small computers has been in the field of word processors (处理器) , or WPS as they are often called. 40% of British offices are now estimated to have a word processor and this percentage is growing fast. There are many advantages in using a word processor for both secretary and manager. The secretary is freed from a lot of daily work, such as re-typing letters and storing papers. He or she can use this time to do other more interesting work for the boss. From a manager?s point of view, secretarial time is being made better use of and money can be saved by doing daily jobs automatically outside office hours. But is it all good? If a lot of daily secretarial work can be done automatically, surely this will mean that fewer secretaries will be needed. Another worry is the increasing medical problems related to work with visual display units (显示器). The case of a slow loss of sight among people using word processors seems to have risen greatly. It is also feared that if a woman works at a VDU for long hours, the unborn child in her body might be killed. Safety screens to put over a VDU have been invented but few companies in England bother to buy them. Whatever the arguments for and against word processor, they are a key feature (特 征) of this revolution in office practice.

small computers: ▲1._______ larger and expensive computers ▲2._________can use them ▲Small computers has been 3._________in the field of word processors , or WPS

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advantages ▲The secretary : ●freed from a lot of 5._________ ●do other more interesting work for the boss ▲6.___________

4.________ ▲8. __________ will lost their jobs. ▲medical problems related to work with visual display units ●Many people 9_________slowly ●The unborn child in its mother?s body

●secretarial time can be made better use of 10.___________ ●7._______ can be saved by doing daily jobs automatically outside office hours.

Keys: 1. replace 2. most smaller companies 3.improved 4.disadvantages 5.daily work 6. The boss/manager 7.money 8. secretaries 9. lose sight 10.might be killed

(九) If you and your friends wish to share a secret, you can write it in code, and no one else will be able to read it. Codes are one way of writing in secrets. Ciphers(暗码) are another. In the code each word is written as a secret code or word number. In a cipher each letter is changed. Codes and ciphers have played an important role in the history of the word. Julius Caesar, the Roman ruler who defeated almost all the countries in Europe about 2000years ago, used a cipher when he sent secret messages to his troops. During American Revolution, George Washington?s spies used a kind of code to send him information about the enemy before his military(军事的) action. In World War 2,the American “broke”, or figured out, Japan?s most important navy codes and got enough information to destroy a powerful Japanese fleet(舰队) 。

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Storekeepers use codes to mark their goods. The codes show how much was paid for the goods or when they were added to the stock. Businessman use codes to hide plans from their business enemies. Sometimes personal letters or diaries are written in code. Many people enjoy figuring out codes and ciphers simply as a hobby. In the 16th century, codes and ciphers were very popular among scientists. They wrote messages to each other in code so that no one else would learn their secrets. Geronimo Gardano, an Italian astrologer (星相家) ,mathematician, and doctor, invented the trellis ciphers. He took two sheets of paper and cut exactly the same holes in each one. Then he sent one sheet, which he called a trellis, to a friend and kept the other for himself. Whenever he wanted to write a message, he put his trellis, over the clean sheet of paper and wrote the secret message through the holes. Then he removed the trellis and filed the rest of the paper with words that would make sense. When his friends received it, He put his trellis over the writing and read the secret message. Title 71. Aspects Means In wars Using codes and ciphers 72. Using codes In science circle Cutting holes in two exact pieces of paper and writing the message 73 Covering the trellis over the writing received to get 74. 75. To 76. to troops To know about business To 79. situations To make the military leaders 78. 77. of the war Results 80. enemies Achieving business goals 71. Codes and ciphers 72.In business (world or circle) 73. through the holes Sharing secrets messages of the situation from opponents to themselves

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74. meaningful (useful) information/messages 76. send secret messages/information informed/know/learn/aware/conscious 78.To hide plans/information/messages Defeating (十)

75. Purposes/Aims 77.

79.keep secrets

80.

A listener has written from China for advice about how to lose weight. Michael in Shanghai says he is 26 and has battled obesity for most of his life. Obesity , a severe weight problem, is a complex condition. A doctor may advise taking medicine along with changing one?s behaviors. Experts say that the most successful weight—loss plans include a well-balanced diet and exercise. People who want to avoid weight gain have to balance the number of calories they eat with the number of calories they use. To lose weight, you can reduce the number of calories you take in, increase the number you use, or both. A recent study looked at four of the most popular dieting plans in the US. Researchers at Stanford University in California studied over 300 overweight women, mostly in their thirties and forties. Each woman went on one of the four plans: Atkins, The Zone, Ornish or LEARN. The women attended diet classes and received written information about the food plans. At the end of the year, the women on the Atkins diet had lost the most, more than four and one-half kilograms on average. They also did better on tests for cholesterol levels and blood pressure. Christopher Gardner, who led the study, says the Atkins diet may be more successful because of its simple message to eat less sugar. He also says that the advice to increase protein in the diet leads to more satisfying meals. He says that there was not enough money to study men, but that men would probably have similar results. Last week, another report based on thirty-one studies suggested that only a small minority of people have long-term success with dieting. Most dieters regained their lost weight within five years and often they become more overweight. But those who kept the weight off generally were the ones who exercised.
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Title: 1.___________to lose weight Doctors? advice ●:take medicine along with 2._____________

Experts? 3._________ plans

●a well-balanced diet : 4.________less energy than needed , increase the number you use, or both. ●5._________

Four of the most popular dieting plans in the US

●Atkins: eat less sugar than usual and 6.________ protein in the diet ●The Zone ●7.________ ●LEARN.

From 8.__________

●have long-term success with dieting, otherwise most dieters will 9._____their lost weight ●exercise is more important than dieting for 10.______

Key: 1. Proper ways exercise 6. increase 7. Ornish

2. changing one?s behaviors 3. weight-loss 4. take in

5.

8. another report

9. regain

10. losing weight

(十一) We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages in streaming (把…按能力分班)pupils. It does not take into account the fact that children develop at different rates. It can have a bad effect on both the bright and the not-so-bright child. After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade! Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This is only one aspect for their total personality.

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We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning. In our classrooms, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups: this gives them the opportunity to learn to cooperate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, and to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher. Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes they work on individual tasks and assignments, and they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this efficiently. An advanced pupil can do advanced work: it does not matter what age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal.

Develop the abilities of pupils: ●develop their full abilities, not their 1. ___________ ●value personal qualities ●2.__________ pupils-streamed teaching (disadvantages) ● not 4.________ the fact that ● ● 6._________ pupils? full abilities. give them the opportunity to learn to 3._____________ teaching (advantages)

children develop at different rates ● have a bad effect on both the

cooperate, to share, and to develop 7. ________ ● learn how to cope with 8.________ learn how to think, to make decisions, to

bright and the not-so-bright child ●

5.________ the pupils who are ●

at the bottom of the top grade ● rather unreal to grade people

analyze and evaluate, and to communicate 9.__________. ●The pupils learn from each other

just according to their intellectual

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ability ●

10.______ from the teacher. They can do this at their own speed

only one aspect for pupils? total ●

personality

Keys: 1. academic ability 2. social skills 3. mixed-ability account 5. discourage 6. contribute to 7. leadership skills 8. personal problems as well as

4. take into

9. effectively

10.

(十二) There are two basic ways to see growth: one as a product, the other as a process. People have generally viewed personal growth as an external (外在的) result or a product that can easily be identified and measured.The worker who gets a rise, the student whose grades improve, the foreigner who learns a new language—all these examples of people who have measurable results to show for their efforts. By contrast (对照) , the process of personal growth is much more difficult to determine, since it is a journey and not the specific signposts or landmarks along the way.The process is not the road itself, but the attitudes, feelings people have , and their caution or courage, as they meet with new experiences and unexpected difficulties.In this process, the journey never really ends;there are always new ways to experience the world, new ideas to try, new challenges to accept. In order to grow, to travel new roads, people need to have a willingness to take risks, to face the unknown, and to accept the possibility that they may “fail” at first. How we see ourselves as we try a new way of being is necessary for our ability to grow.Do we see ourselves as quick and curious? If so, we tend to take more chances and be more open to unfamiliar experiences.Do we think we?re shy and indecisive? Then our sense of fear can cause us to hesitate, to move slowly, and we think we are slow to adapt (适应)

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change or that we?re not smart enough to deal with a new challenge.Then we are likely to take a more passive role or not try at all. These feelings of insecurity (不安全) and self-doubt are both unavoidable and necessary if we are to change and grow.If we protect ourselves too much, then we stop growing.We become trapped inside a shell of our own making.

Title 1.________—Product or Process Product: easily identified and 2.______ ●The workers4 .________ ●The students improve 5._________ ●The foreigners learns new languages

●the attitudes, feelings people have ●6.____________ ●experience the world7._____________ Process: ●3.___________ to determine ●never really ends ●try new ideas ●accept 8.__________ ●a willingness to 9.________ ●face the unknown ●accept the possibility that they may “fail” ●tend to take more chances and be more open to 10.___________

Keys: 1. Growth

2. measured

3. much more difficult

4. get a rise

5.

their grades 6. caution or courage 10. unfamiliar experiences

7. in new ways 8. new challenges

9. take risks

(十三) Without most people realizing it, there has been a revolution in office work over the last ten years. Before that time, large computers were only used by large, rich companies that could afford the investment. With the advancement of technology, small

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computers have come onto the market, which are capable of doing the work that used to be done by much larger and expensive computers, so now most smaller companies can use them The main development in small computers has been in the field of word processors (处理器) , or WPS as they are often called. 40% of British offices are now estimated to have a word processor and this percentage is growing fast. There are many advantages in using a word processor for both secretary and manager. The secretary is freed from a lot of daily work, such as re-typing letters and storing papers. He or she can use this time to do other more interesting work for the boss. From a manager?s point of view, secretarial time is being made better use of and money can be saved by doing daily jobs automatically outside office hours. But is it all good? If a lot of daily secretarial work can be done automatically, surely this will mean that fewer secretaries will be needed. Another worry is the increasing medical problems related to work with visual display units (显示器). The case of a slow loss of sight among people using word processors seems to have risen greatly. It is also feared that if a woman works at a VDU for long hours, the unborn child in her body might be killed. Safety screens to put over a VDU have been invented but few companies in England bother to buy them. Whatever the arguments for and against word processor, they are a key feature (特 征) of this revolution in office practice.

small computers: ▲1._______ larger and expensive computers ▲2._________can use them ▲Small computers has been 3._________in the field of word processors , or WPS

advantages ▲The secretary :

4.________ ▲8. __________ will lost their jobs.

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●freed from a lot of 5._________ ●do other more interesting work for the boss ▲6.___________

▲medical problems related to work with visual display units ●Many people 9_________slowly ●The unborn child in its mother?s body

●secretarial time can be made better use of 10.___________ ●7._______ can be saved by doing daily jobs automatically outside office hours.

Keys: 1. replace 2. most smaller companies 3.improved 4.disadvantages 5.daily work 6. The boss/manager 7.money 8. secretaries 9. lose sight 10.might be killed

(十四) If you and your friends wish to share a secret, you can write it in code, and no one else will be able to read it. Codes are one way of writing in secrets. Ciphers(暗码) are another. In the code each word is written as a secret code or word number. In a cipher each letter is changed. Codes and ciphers have played an important role in the history of the word. Julius Caesar, the Roman ruler who defeated almost all the countries in Europe about 2000years ago, used a cipher when he sent secret messages to his troops. During American Revolution, George Washington?s spies used a kind of code to send him information about the enemy before his military(军事的) action. In World War 2,the American “broke”, or figured out, Japan?s most important navy codes and got enough information to destroy a powerful Japanese fleet(舰队) 。 Storekeepers use codes to mark their goods. The codes show how much was paid for the goods or when they were added to the stock. Businessman use codes to hide plans from their business enemies. Sometimes personal letters or diaries are written in code. Many people enjoy figuring out codes and ciphers simply as a hobby.

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In the 16th century, codes and ciphers were very popular among scientists. They wrote messages to each other in code so that no one else would learn their secrets. Geronimo Gardano, an Italian astrologer (星相家) ,mathematician, and doctor, invented the trellis ciphers. He took two sheets of paper and cut exactly the same holes in each one. Then he sent one sheet, which he called a trellis, to a friend and kept the other for himself. Whenever he wanted to write a message, he put his trellis, over the clean sheet of paper and wrote the secret message through the holes. Then he removed the trellis and filed the rest of the paper with words that would make sense. When his friends received it, He put his trellis over the writing and read the secret message. Title 71. Aspects Means In wars Using codes and ciphers 72. Using codes In science circle Cutting holes in two exact pieces of paper and writing the message 73 Covering the trellis over the writing received to get 74. 75. To 76. to troops To know about business To 79. situations To make the military leaders 78. 77. of the war Results 80. enemies Achieving business goals 71. Codes and ciphers 72.In business (world or circle) 73. through the holes Sharing secrets messages of the situation from opponents to themselves

74. meaningful (useful) information/messages 76. send secret messages/information informed/know/learn/aware/conscious 78.To hide plans/information/messages Defeating
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75. Purposes/Aims 77.

79.keep secrets

80.

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二. 任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。注意: 每空格 1 个单词。 Real policemen hardly recognize any resemblance between their lives and what they see on TV. The first difference is that a policeman?s real life revolved round criminal law. He has to know exactly what actions are crimes and what evidence can be used to prove them in court. He has to know nearly as much law as a professional lawyer, and what is more, he has to apply it on his feet, in the dark and rain, running down a street after someone he wants to talk to. Little of his time is spent in chatting. He will spend most of his working life typing millions of words on thousands of forms about hundreds of sad, unimportant people who are guilty of stupid crimes. Most television crime drama is about finding the criminal: as soon as he?s arrested, the story is over. In real life, finding criminal is seldom much of a problem. Except in very serious cases like murders and terrorist attacks, little effort is spent on searching. Having made an arrest, a detective really starts to work. He has to prove his case in court and to do that he often has to gather a lot of different evidence. A third big difference between the drama detective and the real one is the unpleasant pressures: first, as members of a police force, they always have to behave absolutely in accordance with the law. Secondly, as expensive public servants, they have to get results. They can hardly ever do both. Most of the time some of them have to break the rules in small ways. If the detective has to deceive the world, the world often deceives him. Hardly anyone he meets tells him the truth. And this separation the detective feels between himself and the rest of the world is deepened by the simple-minded — as he see it — of citizens, social workers, doctors, law-makers, and judges, who, instead of eliminating crime, punish the criminals less severely in the hope that this will make them reform. The result, detective feel, is that nine-tenths of their work is re-catching people who should have stayed behind bars. This makes them rather cynical(愤世嫉俗的). Police in 1.________ world Knowledge of 2.___ law He has to know as much as a professional lawyer and applies it to their 3.____ work. Police on TV There is no 4.________ for them to know about it.

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Different 5.________ time spent Different pressures Relationship with society the

He 6.________ most of his working life to collecting and providing evidence needed to prove his case in court. 8.________ and the public put much pressure on detectives and policemen. He feels 9.________ from citizens, as they hold different 10.________ toward punishment of the criminals.

Time

is

spent

finding

criminals. Once the criminal is found, the story 7.______. They got no pressure from the public. No contact with the public.

A【阅读提示】2008 年 9 月 25 日,中国“神舟七号”顺利升空,27 日,中国宇航员翟志刚穿着 中国人自己研制的“飞天”宇航服进行了太空行走。 这次舱外活动是中国航天事业的又一里程 碑。 1. C 细节理解题。文章第一句说 Astronaut Zhai Zhigang became the first Chinese man to walk in space on Saturday,即翟志刚成为中国太空行走第一人,因此具有历史意义。 2. B 细节理解题。 文章说 Zhai safely returned inside the craft after about 20 minutes,翟志刚在舱 外活动 20 分钟后返回舱内,并非返回时用了 20 分钟,因此 B 项错误。 3. B 信息综合题。分析家评论说,神舟七号宇航员的舱外活动是实现中国建立空间实验室和 大型空间站的长远规划的成功的一步。 4. A 词义猜测题。clean 在文章中的意思为“健康的,良好的”,receive a clean bill of health 指 经过全面检查后,收到的健康状况良好的报告。 5. D 主旨大意题。综合全文内容,《中国宇航员具有历史意义的太空行走》概括性强,能全 面反映本文的中心思想。w

B 【阅读提示】 威廉王子热爱飞行, 在皇家骑兵团服役一段时间后他将被调到皇家空军搜救队, 经过 18 个月的培训后,参加紧急事件或灾难的救援工作。 6. B 细节理解题。威廉王子喜欢飞行,但他认为参加搜救队对他来说是一个在空军服役的绝 好的机会,因为他可以为国家的紧急救援做一点贡献。文章第五段 while contributing to a vital part of the country's Emergency Services 表达了威廉的心愿。 7. D 细节理解题。文章说威廉王子将与 2009 年 1 月开始为期 18 个月的培训,因此结束时间

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当在 2010 年 6 月。 8. B 推理判断题。 安德鲁也喜欢飞行, 曾驾驶飞机参加过马岛之战。 文章中有所透露: It means he will follow a similar career to that of his uncle, Prince Andrew, who was a Sea King helicopter pilot during the 1982 Falklands war. 由此可以推知这叔侄俩都喜欢飞行。 9. A 作者态度推断题。根据作者客观叙述威廉王子参加英国皇家搜救队的所作所为,以及作 者文章开头的童话般的想像 (Britons stranded at sea or in flooded homes could find a real-life prince riding to their rescue.) ,可以判断作者对于威廉的做法表示乐观。 10. D 作者意图推断题。作者对于威廉王子的做法表示支持,但最后一段叙述及前文王子喜爱 飞行的爱好给读者的印象是他是特立独行的,曾经让国防部头疼过,今后当然也不会避 免再出现让国防部陷入尴尬处境的情况。

C 【阅读提示】 《福布斯》 杂志日前发布最新美国富豪榜, 微软集团创始人比尔?盖茨取代“股神” 沃伦?巴菲特,重夺首富桂冠。在这份全球最富国家的“400 大富豪榜”上,盖茨以 570 亿美 元的净资产荣登榜首。 11. B 细节理解题。文章第二段末尾提及股神 Buffett 今年的股票下滑了 15%,目前的财富为 500 亿美元。 12. C 细节理解题。文章第四段说 rising oil and dizzy art prices fuelled the entry of 31 new members into the ultra-rich club and the return of eight previous members.即油价上涨与扑朔迷 离的艺术品价格使得 31 位新成员加入最富人的行列,另有 8 位成员重返 400 最富排行榜。 13. C 作者意图推断题。文章最后一段说 just over 10 percent are women, led by television star Oprah Winfrey whose fortune rose 200 million dollars to 2.7 billion dollars,400 最富排行榜 中只有 10%的人是女士,为首的是电视明星 Oprah Winfrey,这一例证说明,占据财富的 不仅仅是男士,女士同样可以创造财富。 14. B 推理判断题。文章第四段与第六段列举了油价暴涨,艺术品市场的高深莫测,股票市场 和房地产行业的动荡不定使得新富翁榜上有名,位居显贵者名落孙山。由此可以推断: 市场的稳定性对财富具有重要的影响。 15. A 主旨大意题。全文以盖茨为中心,叙述了他重领世界最富的情况。因此 B 项正确。

D【阅读提示】德国举重运动员马蒂亚斯?施泰纳在北京奥运会冠军领奖台上亲吻亡妻苏姗娜 的照片,含泪感叹他终于实现了对妻子的承诺:永不放弃奥运梦想。苏珊娜 2007 年遭遇
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车祸,在妻子弥留之际,守在病床边的施泰纳向她做出了上述承诺。 16. B 细节理解题。Steiner 以 461 公斤的总成绩获得冠军。 文章第三段首句 Steiner lifted a total of 461kg, 203kg in the snatch and 258kg in the clean and jerk, to beat Chigishev by a single kilogram.作了具体叙述。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 17. C 细节理解题。文章第五段首句 Steiner was born in Austria and represented his country of birth at the Athens Olympics four years ago 说四年前 Steiner 是代表奥地利队的。后来他离 开奥地利举重协会加入了德国籍。 18. C 细节理解题。Steiner 最后拿到护照的时间是去年的 1 月,而不是 2 月,因此 C 项叙述不 正确。 19. A 推理判断题。第七段说 Steiner had come on a mission to win the title for his wife Susann, 德国队也说 he used the personal tragedy to motivate himself to win the gold medal.,由此可 以推知 Steiner 的夺金动力来自他的已故的妻子 Susann。 20. C 主旨大意题。综合全文,C 项《金牌告慰亡妻》能全面概括文章的大意。

任务型阅读 1. real 2. criminal 3. daily 4. need 5. ways

6. devotes 7. ends

8. Law 9. separated 10. attitudes

2009 年高考英语阅读理解和任务型阅读课堂综合练习二
一 阅读理解 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A A recent survey of teachers found that an unhealthy passion with celebrity culture is having a negative impact on British students? studies and it discovered that celebrity couple, the Beckhams, are the favorites among most students. Many students are ignoring building their own careers to seek a chance at fame instead, the Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL) survey found. Almost two-thirds of teachers said sports stars were the type of celebrity many pupils wanted to follow while more than half of students wanted to be pop stars.

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The survey said the celebrities that students aspired to mostly were David and Victoria Beckham who live in Los Angeles now. Soccer player Beckham is on the top of the survey while in second place, with almost a third of the survey?s votes, was his 33-year-old pop star wife. Almost half of the 300 teachers surveyed said pupils tried to look like or behave like the celebrities they most admired, with some girls even dressing "unsuitably". "We are not surprised about the influence of celebrity culture in schools —it reflects the current media passion with celebrities and the effect of celebrity culture on society as a whole," ATL general secretary Mary Bousted said in a statement. "Celebrities can have a positive effect on pupils. They can raise pupils? aspirations and desires for the future. However, celebrity culture can spread the idea that celebrity status is the greatest achievement and reinforce the belief that other career choices are not as valuable," said one primary school teacher. "Too many of the pupils believe that school success is unnecessary, because they will be able to get fame and fortune quite easily through a reality TV show." 1. The story mainly tells us that ______. A. the Beckhams are mostly admired in Britainw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m B. most students think that being pop stars is more valuable than other career achievements C. the celebrity passion has a harmful impact upon British students? studies D. a survey was made recently about the popularity of the stars 2. According to the survey, Victoria Beckham ______. A. is a pop star most students admire B. goes in the second place of the celebrities admired C. won two-thirds of the votes D. lives in New York now 3. Why does the author mention that pupils tried to look like or behave like the celebrities they most admired, with some girls even dressing “unsuitably”? A. The pupils think it interesting to pretend to be the celebrities. B. The behavior or the dress of celebrities can be followed as examples. C. The author wants to show the negative influence these celebrities had on the students. D. The author just wants to show being pop stars is very valuable to the students. 4. What is not TRUE according to the story?
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A. Celebrities can?t have positive impact on the students. B. Beckham and Victoria are husband and wife. C. The so-called celebrity culture does harm to the pupils? ideas about achievement. D. Many students believe that school success is unnecessary. 5. The best title of the story is _____. A. Sports Star David Beckham B. Survey of Students about Celebrities B. Harmful Effect of Celebrities on Students D. Better to Be Pop Stars Than Sports Stars s.5.u.c.o.BBB B

Pierre is a 25-year-old penguin at the California Academy of Sciences. Due to his old age, he was going bald, which made him feel too cold to swim in the pool. Therefore, biologists at the academy had a wetsuit created for this penguin to help him get back in the swimming pool. Unlike marine mammals, which have a layer of blubber to keep them warm, penguins depend on their waterproof feathers. Without them, Pierre was unwilling to jump into the swimming pool and ended up trembling on the side of the pool while his 19 peers played in the water. "He was cold; he would shake," said Pam Schaller, a senior biologist. Schaller first tried a heat lamp to keep Pierre warm. Then she got another idea: if wetsuits keep humans warm in the cold Pacific, why not make one for Pierre? Schaller body "I and had would designed the suit, which covered Pierre?s small openings for his flippers. walk behind him and look at where there and cut and refit and cut and refit until it extremely suitable," she said.

were any gaps, looked like it was

One concern was that the other penguins would reject Pierre in his new suit, but in fact, they accepted his new look. He swam freely and got along with others well, although he was the only penguin with a black stomach. Schaller couldn?t say for sure whether the wetsuit allowed Pierre to recover his fine feathers, but "certainly we were able to keep him comfortable during a period of time that would have been very difficult for him to stay comfortable".
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Pierre will take off his suit after his new feathers grow back. 6. Pierre felt too cold to swim in the pool because of _____. A. not having a layer of blubber C. having no wetsuit B. having few feathers due to old age D. others penguins rejecting him

7. The idea of making a wetsuit for Pierre came from _____. A. total invention C. the use of heat lamp B. the use of wetsuit on humans D. waterproof feathers

8. Schaller followed Pierre in order to see _____. A. whether other penguins would reject him B. if anywhere of wetsuit needed to be cut and refit C. if the wetsuit kept warm D. whether the wetsuit would keep the feathers from recovering 9. What does the underlined word in the second paragraph mean? A. feeling scared B. staying alone C. shaking with cold D. keeping warm

10. The best title of the passage is _____.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m A. Wetsuit for An Old Penguin C. Unwilling to Swim B. Old Penguin Getting Bald D. Strange Look of Pierre C Lego, the inventor of those colorful bricks that have inspired kids? imaginations world-wide, has celebrated its 50th anniversary. On January 28, 1958, a man named Godtfred Kirk Christiansen created the plastic building bricks that can now be found in almost every child?s toy box. The simple building block has become one of the most well-known and popular toys around the world. "The Lego brick continues to be very attractive, because it allows children, and others, to develop their creativity and imagination," said Charlotte Simonsen, a spokeswoman of the Danish Lego company. The company?s building brick allows an infinite number two bricks there are 24 different links,

of links. With just

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and with six, there are 915 million possibilities, according to Lego. A half-century after its creation, more than 400 million children and adults spend five billion hours a year putting the bricks together and pulling them apart. Also, the bricks made today can still interlock with those made in 1958. Lego bricks are not just child?s play: they also attract the interest of adults. South Korean adventurer, Heo Young-Ho, who climbed Mount Everest in 1987, left a Lego toy behind in the snow during his climb. After its great success Lego experienced a severe crisis at the end of the 1990s, hit hard by fierce competition from electronic games. This so-called "Toy of the Century" then suffered a dark period that lasted several years.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m With great efforts, the company began to prosper again, and in 2006 it earned about 1.5 billion dollars in 130 countries. Seven boxes of Lego are now sold every second around the world, and 19 billion bricks are produced each year: enough to encircle the Earth five times! 11. The Lego bricks have remained popular in the past 50 years as a result of _______. A. attracting many children worldwide B. brought imagination to the children worldwide C. making the children and even adults worldwide creative and imaginative D. having infinite links that bring many imagination 12. The author gave the example of South Korean adventurer Heo Young-Ho in order to prove that ______. A. Heo Youn-Ho also loved playing Lego bricks B. the Lego bricks made him a mountain climber C. the Lego bricks not only interest children but also adults D. the Lego bricks are a must when on goes on an adventure 13. It can be inferred from the text that ______. A. there are 915 different links with just 6 bricks B. the Lego Bricks Company has made a lot of money from the people worldwide C. the Lego Bricks can?t compare with computer games D. the bricks made today don?t change much compared with those made in 1958 14. The underlined word “hit” in the seventh paragraph means _____.

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A. defeated in a fight or a competition B. have a crash in an accident or a fight C. get known through a song D. attack somebody in a fight

15. The main idea of the story is that _____. A. Lego bricks: brilliant past and struggling future B. Lego bricks: an attraction of both children and adults C. Lego bricks: making creativity and imagination D. Lego bricks: making billions of money every year D There are two types of people in the world. Although they have equal degree of health and wealth and other comforts of life, one becomes happy and the other becomes unhappy. This arises from the different ways in which they consider things, persons, events and the resulting effects upon their minds. People who are to be happy fix their attention on the convenience of things: the pleasant parts of conversation, the well prepared dishes, the goodness of the wine and the fine weather. They enjoy all the cheerful things. Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the opposite things. Therefore, they are continually dissatisfied. By their remarks, they sour the pleasure of society, offend(hurt) many people, and make themselves disagreeable everywhere. If this turn of mind was founded in nature, such unhappy persons would be the more to be pitied. The intention of criticizing(批评) and being disliked is perhaps taken up by imitation(模仿). It grows into a habit, unknown to its possessors. The habit may be strong, but it may be cured when those who have it realize its bad effects on their interests and tastes. I hope this little warning may be of service to them, and help them change this habit. Although in fact it is chiefly an act of the imagination, it has serious results in life since it brings on deep sorrow and bad luck. Those people offend many others; nobody loves them, and no one treats them with more than the most common politeness and respect. This frequently puts them in bad temper and draws them into arguments. If they aim at getting some advantages in social position or fortune, nobody wishes them success. Nor will anyone start a step or speak a word to favor their hopes. If they bring on themselves public objections, no one will defend or excuse them,
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and many will join to criticize their wrongdoings. These should change this bad habit and be pleased with what is pleasing, without worrying needlessly about themselves and others. If they do not, it will be good for others to avoid any contact(接触) with them. Otherwise, it can be disagreeable and sometimes very inconvenient, especially when one becomes mixed up in their quarrels. 16. People who are unhappy _______. A. always consider things differently from others B. usually are affected by the results of certain things C. usually misunderstand what others think or say D. always discover the unpleasant side of certain things 17. The phrase “sour the pleasure of society” most nearly means “_______”. A. have a good taste with social life C. tend so scold others openly 18. We can conclude from the passage that _______. A. we should pity all such unhappy people B. such unhappy people are dangerous to social life C. people can get rid of the habit of unhappiness D. unhappy people can not understand happy persons 19. If such unhappy persons insist on keeping the habit, the author suggests that people should _______. A. prevent any communication with them B. show no respect and politeness to them C. persuade them to recognize the bad effects D. quarrel with them until they realize the mistakes 20. In this passage, the writer mainly _______. A. describes two types of people B. laughs at the unhappy people C. suggests the unhappy people should get rid of the habits of unhappiness D. tells people how to be happy in life 二 任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。
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B. make others unhappy D. enjoy the pleasure of life

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注意:请将答案写在答题纸上。 In addition to self-awareness, imagination, and conscience, it is the fourth quality — independent will — that really makes effective self-management possible. It is the ability to make decisions and choices and to act in agreement with them. It is the ability to act rather than to be acted upon, to actively carry out the program we have developed through the other three qualities. The human will is an amazing thing. Time after time, it has overcome unbelievable difficulties. The Helen Kellers of this world give dramatic(给人深刻印象的) evidence to the value, the power of the independent will. But as we examine this quality in the context of effective self-management, we realize it?s usually not the dramatic, the visible, the once-in-a-lifetime, up-by-the-bootstraps(自立自强的) effort that brings lasting success. This special ability comes from learning how to use this great quality in the decisions we make every day. The degree to which we have developed our independent will in our everyday lives is measured by our personal honesty. Honesty is, fundamentally, the value we place on ourselves. It?s our ability to make and keep promises to ourselves, to “walk our talk.” Effective management is putting first things first. While leadership decides what “first things” are, it is management that puts them first, day-by-day, moment-by-moment. Management is discipline (training to be self-controlled), carrying it out. Discipline obtains from belief—belief in a set of values, belief in an overriding(最主要的) purpose, to a long-term or short term goal that must be carried out. In other words, if you are an effective manager of yourself, your discipline comes from within; it is a function of your independent will. You are a follower of your own deep values and their source. And you have the will, the quality to control your feelings and moods rather than depend on others or have your work half done.

Title Theme Reasons amazing.

The power of independent will Independent will makes self-management (1) · The example given to (2) .

power of independent will is

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·Power of independent will helps to make one?s (3) · (4)

every day.

is very important to develop our independent will. .

·It?s our ability to have our promises made and (5) · Effective managers should know (6) Suggestions

should be done first. to their

· Effective managers with discipline should (7) promises. · You (9) your deep values. .

(8) · Your feelings and moods are able to be (10)

一 阅读理解 A【阅读提示】英国公布的一项针对教师的调查发现,英国学生对明星的过度痴迷影响到了 他们的学业。调查还发现,“小贝”夫妇是英国学生最崇拜的明星。 1. B 主旨大意题。通览全篇可知本文讲述了英国学生追星的情况,他们陷入了一个价值观的 误区:学业的成就算不得成功,成为明星才算成功。 2. B 细节理解题。文章第三段说:Soccer player Beckham is on the top of the survey while in second place, with almost a third of the survey?s votes, was his 33-year-old pop star wife,由此 可知 B 项正确。 3. C 推理判断题。作者列举追星学生模仿明星行为习惯或着装的目的是为了说明追星对他们 的行为和价值观养成的负面影响。 4. A 细节理解题。 文章第六段说明了追星也有正面影响---- 给学生以激励, 让他们对 自己的 未来满怀憧憬。 5. C 主旨大意题。用排除法可知 A、B、D 项概括得较为片面,只有 C 项全面----追星带给学 生的负面影响。w.w.w.k.

B【阅读提示】人们印象中,企鹅应该不怕冷。而生活在美国加利福尼亚州旧金山加州科学 院水族馆的一只斑嘴环企鹅,由于羽毛脱落而无法忍受冰冷的池水。为此,加州科学 院研究人员特地为这只企鹅穿上“防寒服”,让它能够与同伴一样在水中游泳嬉戏。 6. B 细节理解题。文章第一段说明了 Pierre 怕冷的原因:Due to his old age, he was going bald,

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which made him feel too cold to swim in the pool. 7. B 细节理解题。文章第三段讲述了 Pam 想出这个办法的过程:Then she got another idea: if wetsuits keep humans warm in the cold Pacific, why not make one for Pierre? 8. B 细节理解题。 文章第五段说明了 Pam 跟踪 Pierre 的原因: I would walk behind him and look at where there were any gaps, and cut and refit and cut and refit until it looked like it was extremely suitable。 9. D 词义考查题。tremble 意为“颤抖,哆嗦”。 10. A 主旨大意题。 全篇讲述的是生物学家给一只老企鹅做保暖夹克, 帮它重返泳池的故事。 因此 A 项正确。

C【阅读提示】随着科技的迅猛发展,电子游戏开始成为二十一世纪主流娱乐休闲方式之一, 然而, 传统玩具“乐高”彩色积木却顽强地抵御住了来自电子游戏的竞争。 日前, 丹麦“乐高”公司为这种传统玩具迎来了五十周年庆典。 11. C 细节理解题。从文章第二段可知 it allows children, and others, to develop their creativity and imagination,因此选 C。 12. C 推理判断题。作者在第六段为了证实“乐高”积木老少皆宜的事实,引用了韩国登山家 Heo Young-Ho 也喜爱玩“乐高”积木的例子。 13. D 推理判断题。文章第五段说 the bricks made today can still interlock with those made in 1958,从中可以推断五十年过去了,“乐高”积木的风格没有多大的变化。这或许是它的 持久魅力所在吧。 14. A 词义考查题。hit 在本文中的意思为“失败,输给对手”。 15. A 主旨大意题。本文介绍了“乐高”积木五十年的辉煌历史,但面对电脑游戏的激烈竞争, “乐高”还有很艰难的路要走。w.w.

D【答案与解析】生活中有些人拥有相等的健康、财富和生活条件,但由于考虑事情、人物、 事件的角度不同,一些人感到幸福,而另一些人则感到不幸福。由于这些不幸福的人处处 冒犯别人,其结果只能是处于被孤立的境地。 16. D。判断题。从第 2 段第 4 句话 Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the opposite things 可以看出另一些人为什么感到不幸福的原因。 17. B。 词义猜测题。 从该短语后的…offend (hurt) many people, and make themselves disagreeable
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everywhere 可以猜出 “sour the pleasure of society” 的正确含义。 18. C。判断题。从第 2 段中倒数第 2 句话 The habit may be strong, but it may be cured 可以判 断出人们可以改变不幸福的脾性。 19. A。 判断题。 从第 3 段中的倒数第 2 句话 If they do not(change this bad habit), it will be good for others to avoid any contact(接触) with them 可以看出作者的态度。 20. C。主旨题。本文主要讲的是那些感觉不幸福的人处处冒犯别人,若长期以往,则只能处 于被孤立的境地,所以他们应改变自己的习惯。

二 任务型阅读 1. effective 2. prove/show/indicate 3. decisions 4. Honesty 6. what 7. stick 8. Conclusions 9. follow 5. kept

10. controlled

2009 年高考英语阅读理解和任务型阅读课堂综合练习八
一 阅读理解 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Listen carefully, working people, we would like to tell you something that could save your precious time and money! Best of all, it is free! It?s “no”. What do you ask? We?ll say it again: “No”. Sweet and simple “no”. Say “no” at your office and see how quickly that pile of work on your desk disappears. “Saying ?no? to others means you are saying ?yes? to yourself, ” said Leslie Charles, a professional speaker from East Lansing, Michigan. “Time is precious. People are spending money buying time. And yet we are willing to give up our time because we can?t say ?no?.” Susie Watson, a famous writer, said people who always say “yes” need to say “no” without guilt(内疚)or fear of punishment. “I would rather have someone give me a loving ?no? than an obligated(强制的) ?yes?, ” she said.

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Susie Watson says she feels “no” obligation to give an explanation when she says “no” either socially or professionally. Does she feel guilty about it? “Not at all, ” said Watson, who is director of advertising and public relations at Timex Corp in Middlebury, Conneticut. “Most people are afraid of saying ?no?… My advice is to say ?yes? only if you don?t mean ?no?.” Watson said “no” is the most effective weapon against wasting time. “Every year there are more demands on your time… Other people are happy to use up your time, ” Watson said. Time saving appears to be “no?s” greatest friend. “No” can be your new friend, a powerful tool to take back your life. “No” may even take you further in the business world than “yes”. “No” is power and strength. “No” now seems completely correct. “Saying ?no? isn?t easy. But finally it?s greatly liberating,” Charles said. But, he added, a “no” project needs to be worked on every day because it is hard to change long-term habit. But, he also warns: “Don?t go to extremes. Don?t find yourself saying ?no? to everything. In return you should learn to hear ?no?.” 1. The sentence “Saying ?yes? to yourself” means _______. A. you can have more time to play with others B. you needn?t care about other?s feeling if you are happy C. you are selfish and treat others rudely D. you can deal with your business as you have planned 2. When you say “no” to others you should say it in a _______. A. secret way B. polite way C. proud way D. guilty way

3. In Watson?s opinion, people can save much time on condition that _______. A. they say “no” at a suitable time B. they say “no” as much as possible C. they are afraid of saying “no” D. they make others angry at them 4. If a person says “no” to everything, the result he or she receive may be that he or she _______. A. enjoys a wonderful life C. faces difficulty in life B. makes a lot of money D. forgets to say “yes” in the end B
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My husband and children think they are very lucky that they are living and that it?s Christmas again. They can?t see that we live on a dirty street in a dirty house among people who aren?t much good. But Johnny and children can?t see this. What a pity it is that our neighbours have to make happiness out of all this dirt. I decided that my children must get out of this. The money that we?ve saved isn?t nearly enough. The McGaritys have money but they are so proud. They look down upon the poor. The McGarity girl just yesterday stood out there in the street eating from a bag of candy(糖果)while a ring of hungry children watched her. I saw those children looking at her and crying in their hearts; and when she couldn?t eat any more she threw the rest down the sewer(下水道). Why, is it only because they have money ? There is more to happiness than money in the world, isn?t there? Miss Jackson who teaches at the Settlement House isn?t rich, but she knows things. She understands people. Her eyes look straight into yours when she talks with you. She can read your mind. I?d like to see the children be like Miss Jackson when they grow up. 5. This passage mainly suggests that the writer _______. A. is easy to get along with B. is unhappy with the life they are living C. is good at observing and understanding D. is never pleased with her neigbours 6. What do you think of McGarity girl? A. She is proud and hungry. C. She is lonely and friendless. B. She is selfish and cruel. D. She is unhappy and misunderstood.

7. In this text, the writer tries to tell us that _______. A. money is the key to everything B. the more money you have, the less happy you?ll be C. there is something more important than money D. when talking to people we should look into their eyes 8. Pick out the one that does NOT describe the writer?s view on money. A. Why, is it only because they have money? B. There is more to happiness than money. C. Miss Jackson isn?t rich, but she knows things.
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D. The money we saved isn?t nearly enough. C How to protect children Web fans from unsuitable material on-line while encouraging them to use the Internet has long been discussed in the U.S. For some parents, the Internet can seem like a jungle, filled with danger for their children. But jungles contain wonders as well as dangers and with good guides, some education, and a few precautions(预防措施), the wilds of the Internet can be safely navigated(航行). “Kids have to be on-line. If we tell our kids they can?t have access(机会) to the Internet, we?re cutting them off from their future,” said an expert. Most kids have started to use search engines. Many of them are great for finding tons of interesting Internet sites, and they can also locate places where you might not want your kids to go. There are search engines designed just for kids. A certain software contains only sites that have been selected as safe. The most popular way to limit access would be to use what is known as a “content screener(过滤器)”. But this can?t be wholly reliable(可靠), and the best thing parents can do is to talk to their kids and let them know what is OK or not OK to see or do on the Internet. Another way is that mum or dad is nearby when the child is surfing(浏览) the Internet.

A few other tips
●Don?t put the PC in a child?s room but keep it in an area where mum or dad can keep an eye on things. That also makes the Internet more of a family activity. ●Ask your child what he or she has been doing and about any friends they make on-line. ●Tell your child not to give on-line strangers personal information, especially like address and phone number. ●And tell your children never to talk to anyone they meet on-line over the phone, send them anything, accept anything from them or agree to meet with them unless you go along. 9. The passage is mainly about the subject of _______. A. American children going on-line C. appreciating Internet B. Internet in America D. opposing children?s on-line

10. The best way to protect children from improper material is _______. A. to install(安装) a content screener on the computer

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B. to buy some search engines for the children C. to be nearby when they are surfing the Internet D. to talk to the children and persuade them to tell right from wrong 11. Which of the following is right according to the passage? A. Surfing the Internet is the best method of educating children. B. Children?s not having access to Internet may have effect on their progress. C. Using a content screener is most reliable for keeping children having access to Internet. D. Searching engines can help children to select materials fit for them. 12. According to the passage, we can infer that _______. A. soft wares fit for children want programming B. a child who is on-line is in danger C. Internet is a jungle full of danger D. Internet contains a lot of harmful sites D Jack used to curse(咒骂) the front yard as if it were a living thing. He was the man who lived with my grandmother for thirty years. He was not my grandfather, but an Italian who came down the road one day, selling fruit in Florida. Jack stopped at my grandmother?s house to sell her some oranges just a stone?s throw from downtown Miami, and he was delivering her whiskey a week later. He stayed for thirty years. Jack hated the front yard because he thought it was against him. There had been a beautiful lawn(草坪) there when Jack came along, but he let it wander off into nothing. He refused to water it or take care of it in any way. Now the ground was so hard that it gave his car flat tires(轮胎) in the summer. The yard was always finding a nail to put in one of his tires or the car as always sinking out of sight in the winter when the rains came on. The lawn had belonged to my grandfather, who lived out the end of his life in an insane hospital. It had been his pride and joy and was said to be the place where his powers came. 13. It can be inferred that the real reason Jack had problems with the yard was that _______. A. he didn?t like the lawn. B. the author?s grandfather was against Jack working on the lawn
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C. the lawn was full of living things D. he himself did not take care of the lawn 14. We can learn from the passage that when the lawn belonged to the author?s grandfather, it had been _______. A. beautiful B. worn out C. wasted D. full of nails

15. What do we know about Jack and the author?s grandfather? A. They both hated the front lawn. B. Jack was jealous of the author?s grandfather. C. They sold fruit in Florida. D. They came from Italy and lived together. 二. 任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。注意: 每空格 1 个单词。 Possession of Private Guns in the United States Christmas is approaching. But shooting massacres (残杀) cast a tragic shadow over the holiday season in the US. On December 5, a gunman killed eight people, before taking his own life, at a shopping mall in Omaha, Nebraska. On December 9, five people, including the gunman, died in two attacks in Colorado. While people are busy trying to discover the killers? motives (动机), another issue is causing heated debate in the country --- the weapon the killers used. The US is one of just a few developed Western countries that allow private possession of guns. Any adult can buy army style weapons from a handgun to an AK-47. “The right to own arms is a part of the Constitution (宪法). Many Americans believe it to be a fundamental freedom,” said Jonathan Haagen, who worked for Teens. When the United States was still a group of colonies, they dealt with a lot of corruption (腐败) from the British. Therefore, American people considered it a great danger for the government to have control of all the weapons. Private gun ownership was important in their fight for freedom. However, with more and more killings in schools and shopping malls, lots of Americans argue that they should do away with the right to bear arms. But the National Rifle Association (NRA) said
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this position violates (违反) the Constitution. The NRA is fond of saying it is not guns but people who kill. In some cases, this is true. But in many other cases, owning guns is what causes the murder. According to the US Department of Justice, more than 10,000 crimes a year are committed with guns. Possession of Private Guns in the United States Original belief It was It was Present situation The US is one of the few Western countries where any (3)____ has the freedom to possess private weapons. As a result, more than 10,000 committed to crimes with are guns People have different (6)_____ towards owning private guns. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m Those in (7)____ of (9)_____, those against private owing guns

(1)____ for the

important for people to own

govern ment alone to control all the

private guns (2)____ for freedom.

(4)_____. Three attacks alone in Nebraska and Colorado in December, for example, claimed (5)____

owning guns believe that it is the freedom given by the

argue that the right to own

weapon s.

Constitution. Besides, the key factor in killing is (8)____ instead of guns.

altogether people?s lives.

guns should be removed, because (10)____ number of a(n)

killings occur in schools and

shopping malls.

一 阅读理解 A【答案与解析】本文说明了人们在生活中敢于说“不”的重要性,同时也提醒人们应注意不要 走向极端。

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1. D。 推断题。 根据 Charles 所说的 Saying ?no? to others means you are saying ?yes? to yourself(否 定他人就意味着肯定自己)可推知此题答案为 D。 2. B。推断题。根据 Susie Watson 所说的 I would rather have someone give me a loving ?no? (我倒 愿意听一声有爱意的否定)可推知此题答案为 B。 3. A。推断题。对文章倒数第 5 段最后一句 My advice is to say ?yes? only if you don?t mean ?no?. 反过来理解:只有当你不肯定的时候说“不”,可推知此题答案为 A。 4. C。推断题。从文章最后一段 Charles 所说的 Don?t go to extremes. Don?t find yourself saying ?no? to everything 可知,不然的话就会遇到麻烦,故此题答案为 C。

B【答案与解析】本文记述了作者一家所生活的环境以及作者看到一些现象后产生的感想。 5. B。主旨题。文章第 1 段说:他家所住的房子肮脏、街道肮脏,邻居们以脏取乐,作者决定 他的孩子一定要远离这一切,由此可推知此题答案为 B。 6. B。推断题。根据第 2 段描述:McGarity 一个人在很多小孩面前独自吃糖,吃不完时,把剩 余的糖扔进下水道,可知此题答案为 B。 7. C。推断题。从第 2 段最后一句:世界上有比钱更使人幸福的东西;第 3 段:Miss Jackson 教书,没有很多钱,但知道很多事情而受作者尊敬,可推知此题答案为 C。 8. D。推断题。选项 A、B、C 都是作者对钱的看法,而只有选项 D 是事实,可推知此题答案 为 D。

C【答案与解析】本文讲述因特网对孩子既有利也有害,并告诉父母应该如何保护他们的孩子 远离那些不适合孩子的网络资料。 9. A。主旨题。文章第 1 段就是主题句。 10. D。 判断题。 从第 3 段倒数第 2 句话…and the best thing parents can do is to talk to their kids and let them know what is OK or not OK to see or do on the Internet 可以做出正确判断。 11. B。判断题。从文章内容来看,A、 C 、D 三项明显与题意不符,而 B 项内容文中的一位 专家则说过。 12. D。主旨题。从第 2 段和第 3 段内容可以概括出本文主旨。

D【答案与解析】Jack 为什么曾经指桑骂槐,因为他嫉妒我祖父。我祖父曾把前花园弄得很漂 亮。
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13. D。判断题。从第 2 段最后一句话 He refused to water it or take care of it in any way. 可以判 断。 14. A。 语义理解题。 根据 There had been a beautiful lawn(草坪) there when Jack came along, but he let it wander off into nothing 可知答案。 15. B。判断题。运用排除法:根据原文可知 A、C、D 三项明显不对。再看第 1 段第 1 句话的 意思: Jack 过去常常咒骂前花园, 就好像那花园是一个有生命的东西一样, 可以看出 Jack 不 是在骂花园,而是指桑骂槐,所以选 B。 二. 任务型阅读 1. dangerous 6. attitudes 2. fight 7. favor 3. adult/grown-up 4. annually/yearly 8. people 9. However 5. 14

10.increasing/growing

任务型阅读(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空一词 Don?t complain in the NBA The NBA has a new rule this season. It?s called “zero tolerance”. NBA referees are not letting players complain too long or too loudly about a referee?s call. A player who does can be given a technical foul(犯规). Two technical fouls, and the player is out of the game.

The players don?t like the new rule and want the NBA to change it. They think it?s only natural to get angry during a close, hard-fought game if a call goes against you.
But I like the “zero tolerance” rule and wish other sports would follow the NBA?s example. Wouldn?t it be more enjoyable if football, soccer and tennis players stopped arguing the calls and just played the game? The biggest reason I like the new rule is that it sets a good example to younger players. When kids see stars such as Rasheed Wallace of the Detroit Pistons shouting at the referees and arguing every call, they think it?s part of the game. But shouting at referees and arguing calls should never be
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part of any kid?s games. Kids should be taught to forget about the referees? calls and pay attention to improving their skills and play their best. All players need to learn that you control only one thing in a game, and that?s your own performance. You can?t control what the other players or trainers do. And you certainly can?t control the calls the referees make. Finally, everyone from NBA all-stars to 8-year-olds should remember that being a basketball referee is a hard job. The referee has to make dozens of sudden calls. No hesitation. No second chances. Not even the best referee gets every call right. Maybe if the players, trainers and fans who shout at the referees had to wear a whistle and call a few games, there wouldn?t be as many complaints about the “zero tolerance” rule.

The new rule call,

The players aren?t allowed to complain too much about a referee?s (71) he might be (72) out of the

court. The players? (73) They (74) the new rule and wish it to be changed.

They think it?s natural for them to get angry during a close game if a call goes against them.

The (75) attitude The writer?s reasons

He likes the “zero-tolerance” rule and wishes it to be followed by other sports to (76) them more enjoyable.

The new rule sets a good example to younger players. Shouting at (77) part of the game. All players can control nothing (79) performance. Kids should (80) judge. Title: The NBA?s zero-tolerance that it?s difficult to be a basketball except their and arguing calls can?t be a (78)

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高三英语限时阅读训练(8)
完形填空:36-40 CCDBA 41-45 BCCDA 任务型阅读: 71.or/otherwise 75.writer?s/author?s 79.else 72.driven 76.make 73.attitude(s)/opinion(s)/view(s) 77.judges/referees 74.hate/dislike 46-50DCCBA 51-55 BBCAA

78.necessary

80.understand/remember/know/learn

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