当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 一 名词和冠词针对训练


名词和冠词

[专项训练] 【名词】 Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2014·高考安徽卷改编)—Why not buy a second?hand car first if you don’t have enough money for a new one? —That’s a good____________(suggest). 解析:句意:——如果你没有足够的钱

买一辆新车的话,为什么不先买一辆二手车呢? ——好主意。good 是形容词,修饰名词,故设空处应用名词形式。 答案:suggestion 2.While she was in Paris,she developed a ____________(tasty) for fine art. 解析:句意:在巴黎期间,她培养了对美术的兴趣。冠词 a 后加名词,故填 taste。 答案:taste 3.My first ____________(impress) of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man. 解析:句意:我对他的第一印象是他是一个善良且有思想的年轻人。my first 修饰名 词,再根据后面的谓语动词为 was,故用单数形式。 答案:impression 4.I haven’t seen Sara since she was a little girl,and she has changed beyond ____________(recognize). 解析:句意:从 Sara 还是个小女孩时起,我就没再见过她,她现在已经变得让我认不 出了。beyond 为介词,故后接名词,并且 beyond recognition 为固定搭配,意为“难以辨 认”。 答案:recognition 5.The school advisers help you talk through your problems but they don’t give you any direct ____________(solve). 解析:句意:学校顾问会帮你梳理一下你的问题,但是他们不会给你任何直接的解决方 法。设空处前面有动词 give,故需要填一个名词来作动词的宾语。 答案:solution 6.(2015·福建福州质检改编)—We’ve been destroying lots of forests every year. —What a shame!We’ll be the ____________(victim) of our own foolish behavior. 解析:句意:——我们每年都破坏大量森林。——太可惜了!我们会成为自己这种愚蠢 行为的受害者。主语 we 表示复数,故设空处也应用复数,故填 victims。 答案:victims 7.There are ____________(sign) to show that a new,different city is coming out of its dark past. 解析: 句意: 有迹象表明一座全新的、 不同的城市正摆脱它黑暗的过去。 根据 there are 可知后面的名词需要用复数形式。 答案:signs 8.The plan was in ____________(ruin) just because people were unwilling to cooperate.

1

解析:句意:因为人们不愿意合作致使这个计划被毁坏。此处 in ruins 为习惯搭配, 意为“毁坏”。 答案:ruins 9.It was a difficult job for him.He had tried everything but it made little ____________(different). 解析: 句意: 这项工作对他来说有点难, 他做了各种各样的努力, 但没有什么成效。 make a difference“起作用; 有影响”, 此处的 make little difference 表示“没有多大作用”。 答案:difference 10.The police found a few ____________(knife) in the thief’s room,which were used to open safes. 解析:根据 a few 可知 knife 需要用复数形式,根据以?fe 结尾的名词变复数的规则可 知 knife 的复数形式为 knives。 答案:knives Ⅱ.单句改错 1.(2015·高考浙江卷·短文改错)My old classroom was interesting because three side of the classroom were made of glass. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:由其前的 three 可知,此处名词 side 应为复数形式,表示“教室的三面”。 答案:side—sides 2.(2015·高考陕西卷·短文改错)Mum taught me some basic step of baking. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:step 为可数名词,前面有 some 修饰,故用复数形式。 答案:step—steps 3.(2014·高考辽宁卷·短文改错)We’ve called several time about Cleo’s early morning barking. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:time 在此处为可数名词,意为“次数”。由上文的 several 可知,此处应用复 数形式。 答案:time—times 4.(2015·福建漳浦三中调研改编)If you want to own an iPhone 6 ahead,you’ll have to make a reserve,or you will wait for some time. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:如果你想提前拥有一台苹果 6 手机,你将不得不预定,否则你就要等一段 时间了。根据 a 可知,后面应为名词。 答案:reserve—reservation 5.A new study shows that if your friends and family get fat,the chance are that you will too. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:一项新的研究表明,如果你的朋友和家人变胖了,那么,你也有可能会变 胖。the chances are that...意为“可能??”。 答案:chance—chances 6.She said her uncle had some sheeps and five head of cattle on his farm. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:根据句意可知,应用 sheep 的复数形式。根据名词复数的变化规则可知,sheep

2

的单复数同形。 答案:sheeps—sheep 7.John’s and Tom’s mother was unconscious for five hours after being admitted to hospital. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:约翰和汤姆的妈妈被接收入院后五个小时都不省人事。由题干中的 was 可知此处主语是单数形式,表示“约翰和汤姆共有的妈妈”,所以只在最后一个名词词尾 加’s。 答案:John’s—John 8.They told us that it was about twenty minutes walk to Mike’s house. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:表示时间、距离、重量等无生命的事物的名词用’s 所有格表示所有关系。 答案:minutes—minutes’ 9.Through trade and travel the Europeans made contacts with the Arabs of the Mediterranean area and the Near East. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:通过贸易和旅游欧洲人与地中海和近东地区的阿拉伯人联系起来。make contact with 为固定搭配。 答案:contacts—contact 10.What fine weather!It’ll be a great fun to fly kites in the field. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:fun 为不可数名词,前不加不定冠词。 答案:去掉 a 【冠词】 Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015·安徽合肥市三中检测改编)Gottlieb Daimler,________German engineer, is normally believed to have invented ________car. 解析:句意:通常人们认为是戈特利布·戴姆勒,一位德国的工程师,发明了汽车。第 一空用不定冠词 a 泛指“一个德国的工程师”;第二空用定冠词 the 特指汽车这种发明。 答案:a;the 2.I know ________Maggie Smith,but not ________famous one. 解析:句意:我认识一个叫玛吉·史密斯的人,但不是那个名人。第一空用不定冠词 a 表示泛指;第二空表特指,指双方都知道的那个名人,故填定冠词 the。 答案:a;the 3.—Mum,why can’t I have ________new bike? —Dear,you know,money doesn’t grow on trees. 解析:句意:——妈妈,为什么我不能有一辆崭新的自行车?——亲爱的,你知道,钱 不是树上长出来的。空格处表示泛指“一辆新自行车”故用不定冠词 a。 答案:a 4.There is no power like ________power of confidence,and there is no student as competitive as ________student who trusts his own abilities. 解析: 句意: 没有哪种力量能够比得上自信心, 没有学生能够胜过相信自己能力的学生。 power 后有限制性定语 of confidence,故 power 表示特指,故填定冠词 the;student 在此 泛指一个相信自己能力的学生,故填不定冠词 a。

3

答案:the;a 5.(2015·福建福州市第八中学质检改编)Tom will succeed to your property(财产) after your death,but I don’t think he is ________success. 解析:句意:汤姆将会在你死后继承你的财产,但是我不认为他是一个成功的人。因为 success 在此表示一件具体的事,属于抽象名词具体化,故也用不定冠词 a。 答案:a 6 . The parents were shocked by ________news that their son needed ________operation on his knee. 解析:句意:这对父母对他们的儿子需要做膝部手术的消息感到震惊。第一空 news 后 带有 that 引导的同位语从句,表示特指,故用定冠词;第二个泛指“一个”,故用不定冠 词,且 operation 是以元音音素开头,故填 an。 答案:the;an 7.(2016·江西南昌市八一中学月考改编)The girl was at ________loss when word came that she had been disqualified from the speech competition. 解析:句意:当被取消演讲比赛资格的消息传来时,那个女孩很茫然。at a loss 为固 定短语,意为“茫然的”。 答案:a 8.Have you got these jeans in ________larger size?This pair is a bit too small around my waist. 解析: 句意: 这些牛仔裤还有更大码的吗?这条对我的腰围来说有点小。 “a +比较级” 表示:比??更??的;“the+比较级”表示:(两者中)较??的。设空处表示比说话者 试穿的那件更大一点儿,故与不定冠词连用。 答案:a 9.—It’s said that John will be in a job paying over$60,000 ________year. —Right,he will also get paid by ________week. 解析:根据句意可知,第一空表示“每一、每”的概念,所以用不定冠词 a;第二空 by the week 为固定用法,表示“按周计算”。 答案:a;the 10.University is ________most worthwhile time of discovery and learning,and it is also ________very enjoyable and valuable experience for every one of us. 解析:句意:大学是一段学习和探索的非常有价值的时光,而且对于我们每一个人来说 也是一次很快乐很有价值的经历。第一空,因为没有明确的范围,故不用最高级,a most 意为“很,非常”;experience 意为“经历”时是可数名词,在这里是泛指,所以前面需 要用不定冠词。 答案:a;a Ⅱ.单句改错 1.(2015·高考浙江卷·短文改错)I was always interested to see the drivers in hurry in the morning. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:in a hurry 为固定短语,意为“匆匆忙忙”。 答案:在第一个 in 后加 a 2 .(2014·高考新课标全国卷Ⅰ·短文改错 )As result , the plants are growing everywhere. ________________________________________________________________________

4

解析:as a result 为固定短语,意为“因此,结果”。 答案:As 后加 a 3.(2014·高考陕西卷·短文改错)That day I didn’t learn much about animals, insects or trees,but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity! ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:单词 impressive 的读音以元音音素开头,故将 a 改为 an。 答案:a—an 4.During the camp trip,children were fascinated by the wonders of the nature. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:nature“大自然”为不可数名词,前面不加冠词。 答案:删掉 nature 前的 the 5.(2015·福建龙岩教学质量检测改编)We all hold a view that the director in charge should bear full responsibility for the fire in Shanghai. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:那位主管应该承担上海这次火灾的全部责任,我们都持有这种观点。view 后带有 that 引导的同位语从句,故 view 表示特指。 答案:a—the 6.To get thorough understanding of oneself also requires doing oneself a favor when it’s needed. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:为了全面地了解自己还需要适时地帮助自己。有些不可数名词如 knowledge,collection,understanding 等后面加 of...时,前面需用不定冠词 a/an。 答案:get 后加 a 7.A Air Asia aircraft of Indonesia,with 162 people on board,is reported to have crashed into the sea. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:印度尼西亚的一架亚洲航空公司的客机,机上载有 162 人,据报道已经坠 入海中。“一架亚洲航空的客机”,air 以元音开头,用不定冠词 an。 答案:A—An 8.This is by far a most inspiring movie that I have ever seen. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:这是我迄今为止看过的最鼓舞人心的电影了。由后面的定语从句 that I have ever seen 可知 most inspiring 为形容词最高级,故 a 改为 the。 答案:a—the 9.In the eyes of children,playing on the Internet can only bring them a great fun. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:在孩子们的眼中,上网只会带给他们无穷的乐趣。fun 为不可数名词,故 前不加不定冠词。 答案:删掉 a 10.Students in Senior 3 are under great stress,because no one will take a risk of failing in the college entrance examinations. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:高三学生有着很大的压力,因为没有人能承担在高考中失败的风险。take

5

the risk of 属于固定搭配,意为:承担??风险。 答案:a—the [高考模拟] Ⅰ.语法填空 (2015·吉林长春外国语期中考试)阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 At present,high school students are under 1.____________ (increase)pressure to study long hours every day.They spend over 8 hours a day studying at school, some of 2.____________ even have to attend extra classes in their spare time.This greatly affects their health and makes their parents and teachers 3.____________ (concern).To help solve 4.____________ problem,recently,some relevant government departments have made a new 5.____________ (regular) that no students shall go to school at weekends 6.____________ during official holidays.We support such a reform and we know that 7.____________ is essential and important for us students to balance study and relaxation.You see,New Year’s Day 8.____________ (approach),and I’ ll make good use of the time 9.____________ (relax).Also,I come to realize that if I can rest well,I will be able to study 10.____________ (effective) when I come back to school. 【解题导语】 本文讲述目前学生压力大,相关部门制定政策来禁止补课,让学生休息 好,才能在学校学习好。 1.解析:考查非谓语动词。increasing 作定语修饰 pressure。 答案:increasing 2.解析:考查定语从句。句意:他们一天八个小时在学校,许多人还上补习课,指的 是人,故用 whom。 答案:whom 3.解析:考查固定短语。 make sb.concerned 使某人担心。 答案:concerned 4.解析:考查冠词。本句中的 problem 表示特指,指所提到的问题故用定冠词 the 或 指示代词 this。 答案:the/this 5.解析:考查名词。根据 have made a new________(regular)中的 a 和 new 可知空格 处应为名词。 答案:regulation 6.解析:考查连词。句意:为了帮助解决这个问题,相关部门制定一系列的规定,不 允许学生在周末或假期补课。此处为并列关系,故用 or。 答案:or 7.解析:考查代词。句意:我们知道这对于我们学生来说平衡学习与休息是非常有必 要的。 答案:it 8.解析:考查动词的时态。句意:春节即将临近,我们要利用时间休息。用现在进行 时表将来。 答案:is approaching 9.解析:考查非谓语动词。make good use of the time to do sth.充分利用时间做 某事。

6

答案:to relax 10.解析:考查副词。effectively 用来修饰 study。 答案:effectively Ⅱ.短文改错 (2016·长春市调研试题)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同 桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Mr.Zhang is sixty years old and had retired.He taught our biology when we were in Grade One.He taught very good.He tried his best to make his classes lively.He usually made good preparations for the lessons and was strict in us.Each time when we made mistakes in our homework,he would ask us to correct it.I was poor in biology.He often helps me with my study patiently.With his help I made great progresses.He was very kind to his students.As experienced teacher,he was respected or loved by all the students. 答案: Mr.Zhang is sixty years old and in Grade One.He taught very had our retired.He taught biology when we were has us

good .He tried his best to make his classes lively.He well in us.Each time with it .I was poor them

usually made good preparations for the lessons and was strict

when we made mistakes in our homework,he would ask us to correct in biology.He often

helps me with my study patiently.With his help I made great helped

∧ progresses .He was very kind to his students.As an experienced teacher,he was progress respected or loved by all the students. and

7


相关文章:
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 三 形容词和副词题针对训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 三 形容词和副词题针对训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。形容词和副词题 [专项训练] Ⅰ...
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 二 代词和介词针对训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 二 代词和介词针对训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。代词和介词 [专项训练] 【代词】 Ⅰ...
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 六 情态动词针对训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 六 情态动词针对训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。情态动词 [专项训练] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 ...
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 十 特殊句式针对训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 十 特殊句式针对训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。特殊句式 [专项训练] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 ...
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 一 名词和冠词针对训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 名词和冠词针对训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。名词和冠词 [专项训练] 【名词】 Ⅰ...
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 七 定语从句课堂达标训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 七 定语从句课堂达标训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。定语从句 Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015...
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 六 情态动词课堂达标训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 六 情态动词课堂达标训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。情态动词 Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015...
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 三 形容词和副词课堂达标训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 三 形容词和副词课堂达标训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。形容词和副词 Ⅰ.单句语法填空...
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 十 特殊句式课堂达标训练
(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 十 特殊句式课堂达标训练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。特殊句式 Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015...
2016版高考英语二轮复习专题四语法填空和短文改错第三讲九专题针对训练
2016版高考英语二轮复习专题四语法填空和短文改错第三讲专题针对训练_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。[专项训练] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015· 高考陕西卷改编)...
更多相关标签: