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高中英语语法--定语从句关系副词的用法(课件)


关系副词

关系副词

when where
why

when
1.

先行词

I’ll never forget the day when I I joined the League. joined the League. when
定语从句 关系副词

=on which
在定语从句中充当时间状语

我将永远忘不了_____________那一天。 我入团的

when

I haven’t seen him since the year when he went abroad
定语从句

先行词

关系副词

=in which

在定语从句中充当时间状语

从__________ 那年,我就没见过他。 他出国的

Practice

定语从句的翻译:

April Fool’s Day is a day when people play jokes on friends
愚人节是__________________________日子。 人们可以和朋友开玩笑的

七月一日是(他出生的)日子。 1945年是(二战结束的) 时间。 July 1st is the day _________________. when he was born 我永远忘不了(第一次来深圳的)那一天。 The year 1945 was the time__________ when the _______________________. Second World War ended. when I first I will never forget the day ___________ came to Shenzhen. ________________________.

where

But farmers in more developed

先行词

countries often grow crops in

order to sell to other countries
where food is in greater demand. demand 关系副词 = in which

定语从句

在定语从句中充当地点状语

where

先行词

Tomorrow I will go to the town
where I was born. where I was born.

关系副词

= in which

定语从句

在定语从句中充当地点状语

明天我要去___________那个小镇。 我出生的

Practice

定语从句的翻译:

The factory where I work will close down.

我工作的 _______________ 那家工厂将倒闭。
我将要去(我爷爷住的)那座城市。
I’ll go to the city _________________. where my grandpa lives. 这附近有没有(我可以买到花的)商店? Is there a shop near here __________ where I can 我在(我们吃午餐的)那家餐馆里丢了钱包。 _________________? buy some wallet in I lost my flowers? the restaurant where _____ ________________________. we had lunch.

why

先行词

I really don’t know the reason
why he was late again. why he was late again.

关系副词

= for which

定语从句

在定语从句中充当原因状语

他再次迟到 我真的不知道_________________原因。



why 先行词

The reason why he was so sad why he was so sad
关系副词 = for which

was that he lost the game. 定语从句

在定语从句中充当原因状语

他如此伤心 _________________原因是他比赛输了。



Practice

定语从句的翻译:

I didn’t tell him the reason why I was afraid.
我没告诉他____________原因。 我害怕的 (我不给你写信的)原因是我不知道你的地址。 why I didn’t write to you The reason ____________________ was 你是否知道(他们做这件事的)原因? that I didn’t know your address. Do you know the reason why they did it _____________? (我不喜欢那家餐馆的)原因是我在那丢过东西。 The reason why I don’t like the restaurant _______________________ is that I once lost something there.

小结:
when
where why

关系副词
在定语从句中充当时间状语
在定语从句中充当地点状语 在定语从句中充当原因状语

相当于介词+ which

用关系副词where连接下列句子:
This is the factory. I worked in the factory ten years ago. This is the factory where I worked ten years ago. The school is near a park. My son studies in this school.. The school where my son studies is near a park.

We visited the house. Luxun once lived in the house. We visited the house where Luxun once lived.

用关系副词when连接下列句子:
They’ll never forget July 1. Hong Kong returned to its motherland on July 1. They’ll never forget July 1 when Hong Kong returned to its motherland. The days are gone forever. We used foreign oil during those days. The days when we used foreign oil are gone forever.

用关系副词why连接下列句子:
? ? ? ? Do you know the reason ? She got so angry for the reason yesterday. ? Do you know the reason why she got so angry yesterday?

关系词及其用法小结
关系代词
who whom whose 指代 人 在定从中 作主语 作宾语 作定语(+n) 省略否 不省

人 人/物(的) 事/物
人/物

which
that

可省 关系代词在 不省 定语从句中 作宾语时可 作主语/宾语 作宾语时可省 以省略 作主语/宾语 作宾语时可省

关系副词
when

指代

在定从中

省略否
不省 不可以 不省 省略 不省

介词+which 作时间状语 介词+which 作地点状语 where 介词for+which 作原因状语 why

辨析

which or where / when /wh
在定语从句中作状语还是作主语/宾语

先行词在定语从句中的成分不同, 关系词不 同: a. This is the place where he works. This is the place (which /that) we visited last year. b. Do you still remember the days when we

worked together?
Do you still remember the days (that /

which) we spent together?

c. This is the reason why/for which he went. This is the reason (that /which) he gave us .

which or where/when/why
在定语从句中作状语还是作主语/宾语

where 1. This is the museum _______ my
mother worked 10 years ago.
(worked in the museum 地点状语)

which This is the museum _________ was built
in 1950.
(the museum was build) (museum 主语)

which or where/when/why
在定语从句中作状语还是作主语/宾语

when 2. July 1, 1921 was the day ________ our Party was founded(成立).
(our Party was founded on the day 作状语)

which July 1, 1921 was the day __________ we
will not forget.
(we will never forget the day作宾语)

which or where/when/why
在定语从句中作状语还是作主语/宾语

when 3. I remember the days _________ I lived in my home town.
(I lived in my home town during the days 作

状语)

which I remember the days __________ I spent with my grandpa.
(I spent the days with .. the days作宾语)

(which / that we’re 4. The house _______________ ) going to visit was built a century ago.
(visit the house)

which / that The house _________________ used to be a temple is a school now.
(the house used to be a temple)

where The house _________ he used to live was flooded.
( he used to live in the house)

5.A bookstore is a place_________ you where can get books.
(you can get the books in the place)

where A bookstore is a place _________ books are sold.
(books are sold in the place)

which/that A bookstore is a place _____________ sell books.
(the place sells books)

6.I can’t find the card _______ I wrote where your address. ( I wrote your address on the card)

on which I can’t find the card ____ _________ I wrote your address. where 7.The box __________ he put his photos is gone. (he put his photo into the box)
The box _______________ he is carrying (that/ which) is heavy. (he is carrying the box)

which or where/when/why
在定语从句中作状语还是作主语/宾语
8.The hotel _________ we stayed during where our holiday stands by the seaside.

(we stayed in the hotel)

which/ that The hotel ______________ stands by the seaside is quite comfortable.
(the hotel stands by the seaside)

which or where/when/why
在定语从句中作状语还是作主语/宾语
9.The reason why _______ he did it is not clear.

(he did it for ….reason 作状语 )

which The reason ________ he gave to the teacher is unbelievable.
(he gave the reason(宾语) to the teacher)

完成句子:
1.Do you know ____________________ the reason why the _________________(老师生气的原因)? teacher was angry The hotel where we stayed 2._____________________(我们住过的酒 店) provided really good service.

3.The third hour of class in the the time when we have afternoon is _____________________ sports (我们运动的时间). ______
the shop where I lost my 4. I don’t like _____________________ wallet __________ (我在那丢过钱包的那家商店).

The hospital where my father works 5.____________________________________(我 爸爸工作的那家医院) is not far from here. 6.I’ll never forget ________________ the days when I ____________________ (我在农村工作 worked in the countryside 的那些日子).

7I’ve never seen him since ___________ _____________________the year when (他出国的那 he went abroad 一年).
8. _____________________________ (The reason why I didn’t write to you 我 不 给 你 写 信 的 原 因 ) was that I had forgot your address.

完成句子:
1.I will go to __________________(我父 母工作的那个城市)

2.Is there ____________________(一个 我们可以见面的时间?) 3.The third hour of class in the afternoon is ___________________ _______________ (我们运动的时间)。

4. I don’t like _____________________ __________ (我在那丢过钱包的那家商店)。

完成句子:
5.Do you remember ________________ _________(他参军的那一天吗)?

6. This is the best film _____________ ______(我所曾看过的)。 7. _______________________(我给他打 电话的原因)was that I had forgot the homework.
8.April Fool’s Day is ________________ _____ (人们可以和朋友开玩笑的日子)。



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